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MODULE 01

ELECTRONIC FUNDAMENTALS
Module Synopsis

This module is designed to help trainees to acquire knowledge and skill in electronic
fundamentals. At the end of this module, the trainees will be able to:

Identify electric circuit

Identify electronic components

Identify terminal and polarity

Identify instrument and test equipment

Perform of instrument and test equipment

Identify electronic schematic drawing requirements

Perform electronic schematic drawing

Identify soldering techniques requirements

Perform soldering techniques.

Identify electronic project requirements

Perform electronic project

Module Objectives:
Carry out electronic fundamentals using drawing set,stationary set, existing drawing, manual,
analogue mulitimeter, digital multimeter, safety equipment, circuit diagram, soldering iron, hand tools,
integrated circuit (IC), meggar insulation meter, component data sheet, diode, transistor, LAN tester
so that electric circuit identified, component electronic identified, terminal and polarity identified,
instrument and test equipment identified, instrument and test equipment performed, electronic
schematic drawing requirements identified, electronic schematic drawing performed, soldering
techniques requirements identified, soldering techniques performed, electronic project requirements
identified and electronic project performed in accordance to Standard Operating Procedure (SOP).

Module Content
Sub Module No
1.1 Identify electric circuit
1.2 Identify electronic components
1.3 Identify terminal and polarity
1.4 Identify instrument and test equipment.
1.5 Perform of instrument and test equipment.
1.6 Identify electronic schematic drawing requirements.
1.7 Perform electronic schematic drawing requirements.
1.8 Identify soldering techniques requirements
1.9 Perform soldering techniques.
1.10 Identify electronic projects requirements.
1.11 Perform electronic projects.

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

1. 1.Identify electric
circuit

1.1Types of
electric circuit:
series circuit
parallel circuit
series-parallel
circuit

PERFORMANCE

HRS
3

DELIVERY
MODE
Lecture

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E
1.Knowledge
(D)
2.Performance
(A)

1.2Measuring
instrument
function and
operation.
1.3Working
principle and units
1.4Principles of
Ohms Law.
1.1Differentiate
between each
type of electric
circuit.
1.2Assemble
2

Demonstration
and
observation

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

each type of
electric circuit.
1.3Carry out
voltage and
current
measurement in
each type of
circuit.
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to safety
rules and
regulations.
2.Identify
electronic
components

2.1Types of
components:
Passive
component
Active component

2.2Components
symbol
2.3Components
labeled value:
Method of code
conversion such
as:
-colour code
-letter code
-numerical code
2.4 Theory of
semiconductor
device such as
diode and
transistor.
2.5Theory of
integrated circuit
(IC):
Orientation of IC
chip.
Basic operation of
TTL.
Difference
3

Lecture

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

Demonstration
and
observation

Lecture

between CMOS
and TTL.
Various type of
integration
Symbol of MSI
and LSI
Data sheet of MSI
and LSI
2.1Determine
types of
components.
2.2Produce
standard symbol
of components.
2.3Determine the
different between
the written
symbols and
actual
component.
2.4Obtain
converted value
from Data Book.
2.5 Interpret data
sheet.
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to safety
rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling IC
3.Identify
terminal and
polarity

3.1Interpretation of
data sheet.
3.2 Function of
each component
3.3 Working
principle of diode
and transistor.

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

Demonstration
and
observation

Lecture

3.4 IC features
3.5 Table of
different type of IC.
3.1 Determine
anode and
cathode for
diode.
3.2 Identify
terminal
identification for
transistor and IC.
3.3 Identify
transistor
functionality by
analyzing the
value.
3.4 Identify pin
configuration.
3.5 Interpret data
sheet.
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to safety
rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling IC.
4.Identify
instrument and
test equipment.

4.1Types of
instrument and test
equipment.
4.2 Function of
instrument and test
equipment.
4.3 Operating
procedure of
instrument and test
equipment.
4.4 Instrument and
5

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

4.1 Identify type


of instrument and
test equipment.

Demonstration
and
observation

Lecture

test equipment
manual.

4.2 Determine
functionality of
instrument and
test equipment.
4.3 Identify
operating
procedures of
instrument and
test equipment.
4.4 Interpret
instrument and
test equipment
manual.
4.5 Identify safety
& precaution
measures to be
observed.
4.6 Identify
instrument and
test equipment
location.
Attitude/Safety:
Ensure reliabilty
of operating
procedures
information.
Follow correct
procedures of
obtaining manual.
5. Perform of
instrument and
test equipment.

5.1 Instrument and


test equipment
functionality
5.2 Procedure of
instrument and test
6

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

5.1 Handle
instrument & test
equipment
according to
procedures.

Demonstration
and
observation

Lecture

Demonstration
and
observation

equipment
handling

5.2 Inspect
instrument and
test equipment
according to
procedures
Attitude/Safety:
Meticulous when
checking
equipment.
Adhere to safety
precautions.
Handle with
care.
6. Identify
electronic
schematic
drawing
requirements

6.1Types of
drawing tools.
6.2 Drawing
techniques.
6.3 Drawing
symbols
6.4 Types of
drawing lines.
6.5Types of
lettering, numbers
and dimensioning
styles.
6.1 Determine
drawing
instrument and
materials.
6.2 Determine
schematic
7

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE
drawing
techniques.
6.3 Identify
various symbols
in electronic
drawing.
6.4 Identify types
of drawing.
6.5 Determine the
correct line for
each drawing.
6.6 Identify
correct lettering ,
numbers and
dimensioning
styles.
Attitude/Safety:
Aware of latest
schematic
drawing tools and
materials.
Ensure
cleanliness
drawing.
Adhere to
standard drawing
procedures.
Adhere to
international
standard in
dimensioning
method.
Adhere to
international
standard in
lettering.
Adhere to
international
standard in
numbering.

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE
7.Perform
electronic
schematic
drawing.

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

7.1Types of
drawing tools.

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

Lecture

10

Demonstration
and
observation

7.2 Drawing
techniques.
7.3 Drawing
symbols
7.4 Types of
drawing lines.
7.5Types of
lettering, numbers
and dimensioning
styles.
7.1 Determine the
type of drawing.
7.2 Produce
drawing
according to
scale.
7.3 Produce
standard
symbols.
7.4 Utilise
method in
producing
electronics
drawing.
7.5 Use standard
drawing symbols.
7.6 Follow flow of
signals.
7.7 Adhere to
standard drawing
style.
7.8 Adhere to
standard drawing
symbols.
9

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

Attitude/Safety:
Cleanliness of
drawing.
Accuracy of
drawing
elements.
8. Identify
soldering
techniques
requirements.

8.1 Types of
soldering
materials.

Lecture

8.2 Types of
soldering
equipment.
8.3 Soldering
techniques
procedures
8.1Determine the
type of soldering
materials.

4
Demonstration
and
observation

8.2 Determine the


type of soldering
equipment.
8.3 Determine the
correct procedure
of soldering.
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to
safety rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling
soldering iron.
9. Perform
soldering
techniques.

9.1 Types of
soldering
materials.

9.2 Types of
soldering
equipment.
10

Lecture

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

9.1Determine the
type of soldering
materials.

Demonstration
and
observation

Lecture

Demonstration
and
observation

9.3 Soldering
techniques
procedures

9.2 Determine the


type of soldering
equipment.
9.3 Produce
soldering
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to
safety rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling
soldering iron.

10.Identify
electronics
projects
requirements.

10.1 Type of hand


tools to be used.
10.2 Component
assembling
procedure.
10.1 Determine
the type of hand
tools to be used.
10.2 Determine
component
assembling
procedure.
Attitude/Safety:
Comply to
safety rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling
11

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

SUB-MODULE

KNOWLEDGE

PERFORMANCE

HRS

DELIVERY
MODE

ASSESSMENT
MODE
A B C D E

electronic
components,
soldering iron and
hand tools.
11 Perform
electronic
projects.

11.1 Type of hand


tools to be used.

Lecture

10

Demonstration
and
observation.

11.2 Component
assembling
procedure.
10.1 Determine
the type of hand
tools to be used.
10.2 Utilise
procedure in
assembling
component .

10.3 Produce
electronic project.

Attitude/Safety:
Comply to
safety rules and
regulation.
Follow safety
precaution of
handling
electronic
components,
soldering iron and
hand tools.

NOTE ON ASSESSMENT MODE:


A: Practical , B: Project, C: Oral , D: Written, E: Others
Selected References and Audio Visual Materials.
REFERENCES

AUDIO VISUAL MATERIALS

12

1. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory


By Boylestad, Robert L, Nashelsky, Louis
Publish 1996, Sixth Edition
Publisher Prentice Hall ISBN:9780133757347
2. Electronic Fundamentals Circuit Devices and
Application.
By Thomas L. Floyd Merill
Publish 1991,
Publisher Merill Pub Co ISBN:9780130852366
3. Understanding Electronic Test Equipment
By Joseph A. Risse
Publish 1968
Publisher H.W.Sams
4. Build Your Own Printed Circuit Board
By Al Williams
Publish 1993
Publisher Mcgraw hill ISBN: 007142783X

Tools, Equipment Supplies and Facilities


ITEMS
1.
2.
3.
4.

RATIO (Equipment : Trainees)

Test bench
Instrument and Test Equipment
Hand Tools
Equipment Manual

1:2
1:1
1:1
1:1

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