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10/03/2015

UJIAN 1
KIMIA TINGKATAN 5
Nama:

Section A/Bahagian A
1.

Table 1 shows the total volume of hydrogen gas collected at regular intervals for the reaction
between zinc and hydrochloric acid.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan jumlah isi padu gas hydrogen terkumpul pada selang masa yang
malar bagi tindak balas antara zink dan asid hidroklorik.
Time/min
Masa/min
0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5

Volume of hydrogen gas/cm3


Isipadu gas hidrogen/cm3
0
7.90
14.40
20.40
23.90
26.40
26.40
26.40
Table 1/ Jadual 1

Which is the average rate of reaction?


Apakah purata kadar tindak balas?
A
C
2.

13.2 cm3 min-1


7.56 cm3 min-1

B
D

7.40 cm3 min-1


10.56 cm3 min-1

Which of the following is the definition of rate of reaction?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah adalah definisi bagi kadar tindak balas?
A
B
C
D

A decrease in the mass of a product in unit time.


Pengurangan jisim hasil tindak balas dalam unit masa
The volume of carbon dioxide produced in one minutes
Isi padu karbon dioksida dihasilkan dalam masa satu minit.
The change in the quality of a product in unit time.
Perubahan dalam kuantiti hasil tindak balas per unit masa
The change in the quantity of a product in unit time.
Perubahan dalam kuantiti hasil tindak balas per unit masa.

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3.

Which experiment has the fastest rate of reaction?


Eksperimen manakah yang mempunyai kadar tindak balas tertinggi?
A
B
C
D

4.

Which factor does not affect the rate of reaction between sulphuric acid and sodium
thiosulphate?
Faktor yang manakah tidak mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas antara asid sulfurik dan
natrium tiosulfat?
A
B
C
D

5.

Hydchloric acid and calcium carbonate chips


Asid hidroklorik dan ketulan kalsium karbonat.
Hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate powder
Asid hidroklorik dan serbuk kalsium karbonat
Sulphuric acid and calcium carbonate chips
Asid sulfurik dan ketulan kalsium karbonat
Sulphuric asid and calcium carbonate powder
Asid sulfurik dan serbuk kalsium karbonat.

The temperature of the sulphuric acids


Suhu asid sulfurik
The presence of a catalyst
Kehadiran mangkin
The concentration of the sulphuric acids
Kepekatan asid sulfuric
Atmospheric pressure
Tekanan atmosfera

A student carried out an experiment to study the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to


water and oxygen as shown in the equation:
Seorang pelajar telah menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji penguraian hidrogen
peroksida kepada air dan oksigen seperti persamaan berikut:
2H2O2 2H2O + O2
Which of the following is not a factor that will affect the rate of reaction of the
experiment?
Antara berikut, yang manakah bukan faktor yang akan mempengaruhi tindak balas dalam
eksperimen tersebut?
A
B

The concentration of the hydrogen peroxide


Kepekatan hidrogen peroksida
The temperature of the hydrogen peroxide
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6.

Suhu hidrogen peroksida


C
The amount of catalyst added
Jumlah mangkin yang ditambah
D
The colour of the solution
Warna larutan
Which of the following does not influence the rate of reaction between zinc and hydrogen
acid?
Antara berikut, yang manakah tidak mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas antara zink dan
asid hidroklorik?
A
B
C
D

7.

When a little manganese (IV) oxide powder is added to a solution of hydrogen peroxide,
the rate of reaction increases.
Which statement best explains why the rate of reaction increases?
Apabila sedikit serbuk mangan (IV) oksida ditambah ke dalam larutan hidrogen
peroksida, kadar tindak balas meningkat.
Penyataan manakah terbaik menerangkan mengapa kadar tindak balas meningkat?
A
B
C
D

8.

Lowering the concentration of the hydrochloric acid


Merendahkan kepekatan asid hidroklorik
Heating the reactants
Memanaskan bahan tindak balas
Using a smaller size of the zinc
Menggunakan zinc yang bersaiz lebih kecil
Increasing the amount of zinc granules
Meningkatkan kuantiti ketulan zink

It lowers the activation energy


Ia merendahkan tenaga pengaktifan
It increases the collision frequency of the particles
Ia meningkatkan frekuensi pelanggaran zarah
In increase the concentration of hydrogen ions in the solution.
Ia meningkatkan kepekatan ion hidrogen dalam larutan
It makes the orientation of collision between the reacting particles favourable
Ia membuat orientasi perlanggaran antara zarah tindak balas menjadi mudah

Which of the following substances reacts with solid sodium carbonate at the fastest rate?
Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah bertindak balas dengan pepejal natrium karbonat
pada kadar yang paling tinggi
A
B

20 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 nitric acid


20 cm3 asid nitrik 0.1 mol dm-3
20 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 nitric acid
20 cm3 asid nitrik 0.5 mol dm-3
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C
D

9.

20 cm3 of 0.8 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid


20 cm3 asid etanoik 0.8 mol dm-3
20 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid
20 cm3 asid etanoik 2.0 mol dm-3

The rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide can be higher up by


Kadar penguraian hidrogen peroksida boleh ditingkatkan dengan
I
heating the hydrogen peroxide solution
memanaskan hidrogen peroksida
II using a higher concentration of hydrogen peroxide
menggunakan hidrogen peroksida yang mempunyai kepekatan yang lebih tinggi
III adding a little iron fillings into the hydrogen peroxide
menambah sedikit serbuk besi kepada hidrogen peroksida
IV adding a small volume of water into the hydrogen peroxide
menambah sedikit air kepada hidrogen peroksida
A
C

I and II
I dan II
II and IV
II dan IV

B
D

I and III
I dan III
III and IV
III dan IV

10. If 10 g of calcium carbonate react completely with excess hydrochloric acid in 100
seconds, calculate the average rate of reaction of the calcium carbonate in mol s-1.
Jika 10 g kalsium karbonat bertindak balas lengkap dengan asid hidroklorik dalam 100
saat, hitung purata kadar tindak balas kalsium karbonat dalam mol s-1.
[Relative atomic mass: Ca=40, C=12, O=16]
A
C

0.001 mol s-1


0.1 mol s-1

B
D

0.01 mol s-1


1.0 mol s-1

11. During the Haber process, the quantity of ammonia produced can be increased by..
Semasa proses Haber, kuantiti ammonia yang dihasilkan boleh ditingkatkan dengan..
A
B
C

using platinum as at catalyst


menggunakan platinum sebagai mangkin
increasing the temperature to 800oC
meningkatkan suhu kepada 800oC
increasing the pressure to 300 atmosphere
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12
.

Which of the following explains the meaning of effective collision?


Antara berikut yang manakah menerangkan maksud perlanggaran berkesan?
A
B
C
D

13
.

Collision that releases energy


Perlanggaran yang membebaskan tenaga
Collision that has high energy
Pelanggaran yang mempunyai tenaga yang tinggi
Collision between reactant particles
Perlanggaran antara zarah bahan tindak balas
Collision which enables a chemical reaction to occur
Perlanggaran yang membolehkan tindak balas kimia berlaku

Nickel is used as a catalyst in a hydrogenation process. Which of the following statements


is not true about the characteristic of nickel as a catalyst?
Nikel digunakan sebagai mangkin dalam proses penghidrogenan. Antara pernyataan
berikut yang manakah tidak benar tentang ciri-ciri nikel sebagai mangkin?
A
B

C
D

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.

meningkatkan tekanan kepada 300 atmosfera


using a reactants, nitrogen and hydrogen in the ratio 3:1
menggunakan bahan tindak balas, nitrogen dan hidrogen di dalam nisbah 3:1

It will not affect the quantity of the product of the process.


Ia tidak akan menjejaskan kuantiti produk proses
The chemical characteristic of nickel will always remain unchanged till the end of
the process.
Ciri-ciri kimia nikel akan sentiasa kekal tidak berubah hingga ke akhir proses
Nickel does not undergo any physical change at the end of the process
Nikel tidak mengalami apa-apa perubahan fizikal pada akhir proses
A small quantity of nickel is used
Kuantiti yang kecil nikel digunakan

A few drops of copper(II) sulphate solution are added as a catalyst in the decomposition
of hydrogen peroxide. Which of the following statements regarding the copper(II)
sulphate solution is true?
Beberapa titik larutan kuprum(II) sulfat dimasukkan sebagai mangkin di dalam
penguraian hidrogen peroksida. Antara penyataan berikut, yang manakah benar
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mengenai kuprum(II) sulfat?


A
B
C
D

15
.

Which of the following is a characteristic of a catalyst?


Antara berikut, yang manakah adalah ciri-ciri mangkin?
A
B
C

16
.

Only a small quantity is needed for a reaction


Hanya kuantiti kecil diperlukan untuk tindak balas
One catalyst can be used for several reaction
Satu mangkin boleh digunakan untuk beberapa tindak balas
It is physically unchanged during a reaction and does not take part in the reaction
Ciri-ciri fizikal tidak berubah semasa tindak balas tetapi ia tidak mengambil
bahagian dalam tindak balas.
The total amount of catalyst increases at the end of the reaction
Jumlah mangkin meningkat pada akhir tindak balas

How does a catalyst increase the rate of reaction?


Bagaimanakah mangkin meningkatkan kadar tindak balas?
A
B
C
D

17
.

It provide more energy to the reactants


Ia menyediakan tenaga yang lebih tinggi kepada bahan tindak balas
It provides more energy to the products
Ia membekalkan tenaga yang lebih besar kepada produk
It provides an alternating pathway with lower activation energy
Ia menyediakan laluan alternatif dengan tenaga pengaktifan yang lebih rendah
It reduces the frequency of collision between the particles
Ia mengurangkan kekerapan perlanggaran antara zarah

By increasing the number of effective collisions


Meningkatkan bilangan perlanggaran berkesan
By providing an alternating pathway with lower activation energy
Menyediakan lintasan alternatif dengan tenaga pengaktifan yang rendah
By increasing the total energy of the reactant particles
Meningkatkan jumlah tenaga zarah tindak balas
By increasing the temperature of the reactant particles
Meningkatkan suhu zarah bahan tindak balas

Which of the following will increase the frequency of effective collision among the
reactant particles in a reaction?
Antara berikut, yang manakah akan meningkatkan frekuensi perlanggaran berkesan
antara zarah bahan tindak balas dalam satu tindak balas?
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The reactant particles are far apart


Zarah-zarah bahan tindak balas adalah berjauhan
II The reactant particles have high activation energy
Zarah-zarah bahan tindak balas mempunyai tenaga pengaktifan yang tinggi
III The reactant particles possess high kinetic energy
Zarah-zarah bahan tindak balas menghasilkan tenaga kinetic yang tinggi
IV The reactant particles are exposed to a larger surface area
Zarah-zarah bahan tindak balas terdedah kepada luas permukaan yang lebih besar.
A

I and II
I dan II
II and IV
II dan IV

B
D

I and III
I dan III
III and IV
III dan IV

Section B/Bahagian B
1.
Table 1.1 shows two experiments to investigate one factor that influences the rate of a reaction. A
gas is collected in both experiments.
Jadual 1.1 menunjukkan dua eksperimen untuk menyiasat satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar
suatu tindak balas. Gas telah dikumpulkan dalam kedua-dua eksperimen.
Experiment
Eksperimen

(a)

Reactions
Tindak balas

Excess zinc granules reacted wiyh 25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid.
Ketulan zink berlebihan ditindakbalaskan dengan 25 cm3 asid hidroklorik
1.0 mol dm-3

II

Excess zinc powder reacted with 25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid.
Serbuk zink berlebihan ditindakbalaskan dengan 25 cm3 asid hidroklorik
1.0 mol dm-3

Table
1.1

Jadual
1.1

What is the factor that influences the rate of reaction in both experiment?
Apakah faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas dalam kedua-dua eksperimen itu?

..
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(1 mark 1 markah)
(b)

Name the gas that is released in both of the experiment.


Namakan gas yang dibebaskan dalam kedua-dua eksperimen itu.

.
(1 mark 1 markah)
(c)

Write the chemical equation for the reaction that occurred.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas yang berlaku.

...
(2 marks 2 markah)
(d)
Calculate the maximum volume of gas released in experiment I.
(Molar volume of any gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room condition)
Hitungkan isipadu maksimum gas yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen I.
(Isipadu molar sebarang gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik)

(3 marks 3 markah)
(e)

The results for both experiments are represented by Graph 1.2.


Keputusan bagi kedua-dua eksperimen diwakili oleh Graf 1.2

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Graph 1.2 / Graf 1.2

Based on Graph 1.2


Berdasarkan Graf 1.2
(i)

Experiment II has a higher rate of reaction.


How does the graph show this?
Eksperimen II mempunyai kadar tindak balas yang lebih tinggi.
Bagaimanakah graf menunjukkan ini?

(1 mark 1 markah)
(ii)
Based on the collision theory, explain the effect of the factor that you state in (a)
influences the rate of a reaction.
Berdasarkan teori pelanggaran, terangkan kesan faktor yang anda nyatakan di (a)
mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas.

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(2 marks 2 markah)

2.

A student carried out three experiments to study a factor that affects the rate of
reaction. Diagram 4 shows the result for the experiment.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan tiga eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan faktor yang
mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas. Rajah 4 menunjukkan keputusan bagi
eksperimen itu.
Experiment
Eksperimen
Set-up
apparatus for
the
experiments
Susunan Radas
eksperimen

II

III

Excess
hydrochlori
c acid

Excess
hydrochlori
c acid

Excess
hydrochlori
c acid

Asid
hidroklorik
berlebihan

Asid
hidroklorik
berlebihan

Asid
hidroklorik
berlebihan

1.2g magnesium
ribbon

1.2g magnesium
ribbon

1.2g magnesium
ribbon

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Temperature /
0
C
Suhu / 0C
Time taken for
all the
magnesium
dissolved/ s
Masa yang
diambil untuk
semua
magnesium
melarut /s

30

40

40

50

20

15

Diagram 2.1 / Rajah 2.1


(a)

(b)

Write a chemical equation for the reaction between magnesium and


hydrochloric acid.
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi tindakbalas antara magnesium dengan asid
hidroklorik.
...................
[ 3 marks]
(i)
Name the gas produced in the experiment above.
Namakan gas yang terbebas dalam eksperimen yang dijalankan
diatas
.
...................
[ 1marks ]

(ii)

Calculate the maximum volume of the gas produced in the


experiment.
[Relative atomic mass : Mg,24;
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Volume of 1 mole of gas at room temperature = 24 dm3 ]


Hitung isipadu maksima gas yang dihasilkan dalam eksperimen yang
dijalankan.
[Jisim atom relatif : Mg,24;Isipadu 1mol gas pada suhu bilik = 24
dm3 ]

[3 marks]

(c )

Calculate the average rate of reaction in cm3 / s-1 for:


Hitung kadar tindakbalas purata dalam cm3/s -1 bagi:
(i)

Experiment I
Eksperimen I.

(ii)

Experiment II
Eksperimen II.

(iii)

Experiment III
Eksperimen III.

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[ 3 marks]

3.

An experiment is carried out to investigate the decomposition of catalysed potassium chlorate(V).


The chemical equation for the decomposition of potassium chlorate(V) is as follow:
Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengkaji penguraian kalium klorat(V). Persamaan kimia
bagi penguraian kalium klorat(V) adalah seperti berikut:

2KClO3(s)

MnO2

2KCl(s) + 3O2(g)

Table 3.1 shows the volume of oxygen collected at 30 seconds intervals.


Jadual 3.1 menunjukkan isi padu oksigen gas yang terkumpul dalam selang masa 30 saat.
Time/s
0
(Masa/s)
Volume / cm3 0.00
(Isi padu/ cm3)

30

60

90

120

150

180

210

240

17.00

29.00

34.00

36.00

37.00

37.00

37.00

37.00

(a) Plot a graph of the volume of gas collected against time.


Plot satu graf bagi isi padu gas terkumpul melawan masa.
[ 4 marks]
(b) Based on the graph in (a), calculate the instantaneous rate of reaction at 30 seconds and 90
seconds.
Berdasarkan graf dalam (a), hitung kadar tindak balas pada masa tertentu pada 30 saat dan
90 saat.
[ 3 marks]

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(c) Compare the instantaneous rate of reaction at 30 seconds and 90 seconds. Explain why there is
a difference in the rate of reaction.
Bandingkan kadar tindak balas pada masa tertentu pada 30 saat dan 90 saat. Terangkan
mengapa terdapat perbezaan dalam kadat tindak balas tersebut.
[ 2 marks]

(d) Calculate the following:


(i)

Number of moles of oxygen gas produced.


Bilangan mol bagi gas oksigen yang terhasil.
[ 1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm3 at room conditions]
[ 2 marks]

(ii)

Mass of potassium chlorate(V) used in this experiment.


Jisim bagi kalium klorat(V) yang digunakan dalam eksperimen ini.

[ 2 marks]

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