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EU - trends in legal framework

Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations
CEN - trends in standardisation
Beograd, 30 Sept 2011
Engineer Chamber Serbia
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell technical sales support


Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

Jarema Chmielarski
- technical sales support
- European projects

inquiries from the markets


technical requirements
regulations and standards

certification
complaints
trainings

Jarema Chmielarski
Armacell, Technical Manager, Europe
Manager Technical Service CH, A, CE, GR/CY
tel: +48 71 3175 065 (office);
+48 601 555 756 (mobile);
fax: +48 71 3172 770
email: jarek.chmielarski@armacell.com
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - trends in legal framework


Armacell Switzerland AG

European level
Regulations on energy savings
in buildings

e.g. EPBD European directive

in appliances e.g. ErP (EuP) European directive

Regulations on (construction) products


e.g. CPD European directive
e.g. harmonised product EN standards
e.g. REACH (chemical substances) regulation

National level
Regulations on minimum requirements
e.g. on construction products in buildings

Regulations on calculation of energy performance in


buildings
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - legal framework
Armacell Switzerland AG

Directive (Richtlinie, Directive, Smrnice)


request from European Commission (and Parliament)
towards the governments of the member states to
work-out and issue particular national regulations for
enterprises and citizens
e.g. EPBD European directive

Regulation (Verordnung, Rglement, Nazen)


direct rules which instantly are in force in the member
states
e.g. REACH (chemical substances) regulation

Decision (Entscheidung, Dcision, Rozhodnut)


set-up of details in regulations
e.g. Decision on list of wastes
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - legal framework
Armacell Switzerland AG

Guideline (Leitlinie, Orientation, Obecn zsady)


Recommendation (Empfehlung, Recommandation,
Doporuen)
Resolution (Entschlieung, Rsolution, Usnesen)
Corrigendum (Berichtigung, Rectificatif, Oprava)

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

eur-lex.eu
all legal framwork must be published in the Official Journal
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

eur-lex.eu
Official Journal: examples
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

CEN - standardization
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

CEN - standardization
Armacell Switzerland AG

CEN issues European Standards (EN)


the EN standards are available at national
standardization bodies (SRPS www.iss.rs)
the EN standards are normally not obligatory
the EN standards can be made obligatory if
directly reffered to in the regulations
the EN standards are worked-out in the working
groups (WG) of the CEN Technical Committees
(CEN/TC)
in principle any organization of industrial
enterprises can propose and work-out a
standard
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

CEN - standardization
Armacell Switzerland AG

Armacell is actively represented in the following


CEN Technical Committees (CEN/TC):
CEN/TC 88 Thermal insulating materials and products
elaboration of harmonized product standards (FEF + PEF)

CEN/TC 228 Heating systems in buildings


generally: elaboration of some 40 standards on calculation of
energy performance in buildings
Armacell actively helped to prepare 6 standards, among others:
EN 15316-2-3 - space heating systems, distribution
EN 15316-3-2 - domestic hot water (dhw) systems, distribution

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - legal framework, details

(1)

Armacell Switzerland AG

CPD / CPR = construction products directive /


regulation
European fire classification system (EN 13501-1, -2)
harmonized product standards (FEF + PEF)
CE-marking

EPBD = Energy Performance of Buildings


Directive
re-cast of directive
mandate M 480 for elaboration of EN standards

CLP-GHS / REACH regulations


chemical substances and mixtures (preparations)
labels, pictograms, precautionary statements
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - legal framework, details

(2)

Armacell Switzerland AG

MED = Marine Equipment Directive, 96/98/EC of


20 December 1996
European railway standard TS 45545 (2013)
directive relating to the burning behaviour of
materials used in certain categories of motor
vehicles, 95/28/EC of 24 October 1995, burning
rate 100 mm/min.
LEED / BREEAM / MinergieEco / BauBook
and similar ecological and sustainability
evaluation systems
regulations / standards on insulation thickness

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

construction products regulation


Armacell Switzerland AG

directive 89/106/EEC: Construction Product Directive (CPD) [from 1989]


replaced on 9th March 2011 by the regulation 305/2011/EC (CPR)
regarding construction products the CPR is valid from 1st July 2013
basic requirements for construction works:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Mechanical resistance and stability


Safety in case of fire
Hygiene, health and the environment
Safety and accessibility in use
Protection against noise
Energy economy and heat retention
Sustainable use of natural resources

harmonized product standards:


EN 14304: Thermal insulation products for building equipment and industrial installations Factory made flexible elastomeric foam (FEF) products Specification
EN 14313: Thermal insulation products for building equipment and industrial installations Factory made polyethylene foam (PEF) products Specification

insulation products in conformity with the standards can get the CE-mark based on
initial type test (ITT)
factory production control (FPC) + inspection
certificate of conformity (issued by notified body, obligatory for fire classes C and over)
declaration of conformity [of performance under CPR] (issued by the producer)

the CE-mark for insulation products is compulsory until 1st August 2012
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

standards for conformity evaluation


Armacell Switzerland AG

EN 13712 Thermal insulating products


Evaluation of conformity

EN ISO 13787 Thermal insulation products for


building equipment and industrial installations
Determination of declared thermal conductivity

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

harmonized product standards


Armacell Switzerland AG

1.

all 9 product standards:

14 303
14 304
14 305
14 306
14 307
14 308
14 309
14 313
14 314

2.

+ additionally a standard on mounting & fixing in fire tests: EN 15715:


Thermal insulation products - Instructions for mounting and fixing for reaction
to fire testing - Factory made products. Contains general instructions, size of
samples + dedicated tables for all 9 + 4 additional products (tubes and sheets)
for fire tests:

MW
FEF
CG
CS
XPS
PUR/PIR
EPS
PEF
PF

Mineral Wool
Flexible Elastomeric Foam
Cellular Glass
Calcium Silicate
Extruded Polystyrole
Polyurethane / Polyisocyanurate
Expanded Polystyrole
Polyethylene Foam
Phenolic Foam

1.

Ignitability, EN ISO 11925-2

2.

Single Burning Item (SBI), EN 13823

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

vast choice of insulation materials


Armacell Switzerland AG

MW

Mineralwolle

Mineral Wool

FEF Elastomerschaum

flexible Elastomeric foam

Cellular Glass
Calcium Silicate
extruded Polystyrene
rigid Polyurethane foam
Polyisocyanurate foam
expanded Polystyrene
Polyethylene Foam
Phenolic Foam
expanded Perlite
expanded Cork
exfoliated Vermiculite
Wood Wool
Wood Fibre
expanded Clay

CG
Schaumglas
CS
Calciumsilikat
XPS
extrudierter Polystyrolschaum
PUR
Polyurethan Hartschaum
PIR
Polyisocyanurat-Schaum
EPS
expandierter Polystyrol
PEF
Polyethylenschaum
PF
Phenolharzschaum
EP/EPB Blhperlit
ICB
expandierter Kork
EV
expandierter Vermiculite
WW
Holzwolle
WF
Holzfaser
Blhton

nur Dmmstoffe mit harmonisierten EN Normen bedeckt

//

only the insulation materials covered with harmonised EN standards

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

Armacell
harmonized product standards
EN 14304:2009
Thermal insulation products for building
equipment and industrial installations - Factory
made flexible elastomeric foam (FEF) products Specification
EN 14313:2009
Thermal insulation products for building
equipment and industrial installations - Factory
made polyethylene foam (PEF) products Specification

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

European fire classification system


for construction products
Armacell Switzerland AG

EN 13501-1:2007, Fire classification of construction


products and building elements. Part 1: Classification
using data from reaction to fire tests
one classification for:
fire (total heat release + growth rate)
smoke emission (total smoke production + growth rate)
dripping / dropping

based on two tests (for class B, C and D):


EN ISO 11925-2, ignitability
EN 13823, Single Burning Item (SBI)

based on one test (for class E):


EN ISO 11925-2, ignitability

fire classes with lower index L for linear pipe


insulation products: e.g. BL-s3,d0
no verbal names (like flammable, just classes)
the only officially acceptable fire classification for
construction products in almost all EU member states
in D and UK still double system

in CH only Euroclass A1 and A2 accepted, national


VKF/AEAI system for combustible products
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Reaction to Fire Classes EN 13501-1


Armacell Switzerland AG

No performance
determined

E
D

Single Burning Item (SBI)


EN 13823

Ignitability test
EN ISO 11925-2

C
B
A2
A1

Non-combustibility test
EN ISO 1182
and/or
Calorimetric bomb
EN ISO 1716

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EN 13823, Single Burning Item (SBI)


test for fire, smoke and dripping
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

mounting & fixing is standardized


Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EN 13823, Single Burning Item (SBI)


test for fire, smoke and dripping
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

EN 13501-1, measurement of smoke emission


EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

SBI, RtF classes L (linear pipe insulation),


difference among B, C and D class
Armacell Switzerland AG

120
100
80

THR600

60
40

total heat release

20
0

100

15

7,5

2100

460

270

2500
2000
1500

FIGRA

1000

fire growth rate

500
0

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EPBD
Energy Performance of Buildings Directive
Armacell Switzerland AG

EPBD = Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, from 2002, re-cast in 2010


obligatory energy performance certificates for buildings since 04.01.2009
indirect relation to pipe / air-duct insulation
new elaboration of calculation standards, mandate M 480 (agreement EU / CEN expected in Oct.)
tendency for common calculation method based on EN standards (EN 15316-2-3, EN 15316-3-2)

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

calculation of energy performance in buildings


Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EN 15316 heating systems


Armacell Switzerland AG

EN 15316-2-3 - space heating systems, distribution


EN 15316-3-2 - domestic hot water (dhw) systems, distribution

Qh

emission

distribution

storage

heat loss

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

generation

EU Regulation 1272/2008 CLP-GHS => 2015


EU REACH Regulation 1907/2006
Armacell Switzerland AG

1. CLP = classification, labelling and packaging


2. concerns Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
3. adopts GHS criteria of the UN (United Nations)
4. GHS = Globally Harmonised System (of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals)
5. mixtures instead of preparations

6. hazard statements e.g. H101 instead of R-phrases


7. precautionary statements e.g. P101 instead of S-phrases
8. new GHS pictograms
9. obligatory for mixtures from 01.06.2015, producers may apply in SDS and labelling
earlier, if they want
10. REACH = Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

LEED / BREEAM / MinergieEco / BauBook


and similar ecological and sustainability
evaluation systems
(1)
these systems do not belong to official EU
regulations
in fact they are initiative of private enterprises /
organisations
these systems have some recognition among
institutional investors and contractors
in consequence there is a tendency for
producers to follow up the systems and get
certification / evaluation

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

LEED / BREEAM / MinergieEco / BauBook


and similar ecological and sustainability
evaluation systems
(2)
LEED = Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design
United States Green Building Council
www.usgbc.org

BREEAM = Building Research Establishment


Environmental Assessment Method
from UK
www.breeam.org

MinergieEco => on whole buildings, not on products


from Switzerland
www.minergie.ch

BauBook = ecological criteria for selection of


construction products
from Austria (Vorarlberg)
www.baubook.info/oeg

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

regulations / standards on
insulation thickness in Europe

Armacell Switzerland AG

Spain
Portugal
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Rep.
Germany
Switzerland
Switzerland
Austria
Austria

RITE
RSECE
WT-2009
EPBD-2008
V-193-2007
EnEV-2009
BN-58-1:2006
MuKEn 2000
NORM H 5155
OIB-Richtlienie 6

Regulation
Regulation
Regulation
Regulation
Regulation
Regulation
Standard
Regulation
Standard - draft
Directive

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Spain
RITE
Armacell Switzerland AG

example: refrigeration and air-conditioning


Insulation thickness [mm]
outer pipe
diameter
[mm]

temperature [ C]
-20 -10

-9,9 0

0,1 10

>10

D 35

40

30

20

20

35 < D 60

50

40

30

20

60 < D 90

50

40

30

30

90 < D 140

60

50

40

30

60

50

40

30

140 < D

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

Poland
WT-2009 (Technical Requirements on Buildings)
chilled water (air-conditioning) in buildings
inner pipe diameter [mm]

insulation thickness [mm]

D 22

10

22 < D 35

30

35 < D 100

= inner pipe diameter

100 < D

50

similar requirement for heating pipelines


copied from German EnEV + requirement for cold
pipelines on top
Lambda 0,035 W/mK
outdoors: 2 x thickness
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Slowenia
EPBD-2008 (Regulation on Energy Saving 3939)
Armacell Switzerland AG

(Pravilnik o uinkoviti rabi energije v stavbah)

refrigeration and air-conditioning


pipe diameter nominal [mm]

insulation
thickness [mm]

DN 40

13

50 DN 200

38

Lambda 0,035 W/mK

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Czech Republic
Vyhlka (Regulation) 193-2007
Armacell Switzerland AG

(Energy saving in technical systems)


refrigeration and air-conditioning
temperature [ C]

heat gains [W/mK]

+5 C < T +18 C

= 1,5 x U

T +5 C

=U

Lambda 0,038 W/mK at 0C


7000 (water vapour diffusion resistance)
pipe material and thickness shall be taken into
consideration
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Czech Republic
Armacell Switzerland AG

outer pipe diameter

Insulation
thickness

mm

mm

15

20

18

27

22

34

28

30

35

39

42

50

48

28

54

32

70

60

36

60

64

38

50

76

47

40

89

39

30

114

51

20

125

56

10

133

60

140

63

160

58

168

61

calculated for +6C


steel pipes
Lambda = 0,035 W/mK at 0C
jigsaw curve due to lumpsum values of
heat gains
too complicated for practical application

15

18

22

28

35

42

48

54

60

64

76

89 114 125 133 140 160 168

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Germany - EnEV-2009
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Switzerland
BN-58-1:2006 (Basler Norm)
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Switzerland
BN-58-1:2006 (Basler Norm)
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Switzerland - MuKEn:2000
Master Regulation of the Cantons in Energy Area
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Switzerland - MuKEn:2000
Master Regulation of the Cantons in Energy Area
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

heat loss vs. insulation thickness


Armacell Switzerland AG

25

Ul

20

D
1
ln e
2 l Di

1

he De

15
heat loss [W/m]
10
5
0
0

20

40
insulation thickness [mm]

service temp. = +46C


ambient temp. = +13C
pipe = 22 mm
l10C 0,038 W/mK
EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

60

Austria
NORM H 5155 - draft
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Austria
NORM H 5155 - draft
Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

EU - trends in legal framework - summary


Armacell Switzerland AG

growing tendency to make direct unified regulations


(instead of directives addressed to the governments)
CPR instead of CPD (construction products)
helps to get rid of trade barriers
less diversification among member states

standardization on products => CE-marking


EN 14304 (FEF)
EN 14313 (PEF)

single Reaction to Fire (RtF) standardized method for


construction products and building elements, EN 13501-1
target to have single method of energy performance
calculation (EPBD), not fixed as law yet
mandate M 480 to elaborate the calculation EN standards

private initiatives on ecological and sustainability aspects


LEED (USA)
/
MinergieEco (CH) /

BREEAM (UK)
BauBook (A)

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011

Armacell Switzerland AG

EU - trends in regulations - Armacell presentation in Engineer Chamber Serbia, Beograd, 30 Sept 2011