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Q.C.Q.

A
Q.1.

a)

Discuss the theory underlying the control charts for fraction defectives.
b)

State and explain the conditions favourable for economic use of control charts

for defects per unit.


c)

An item is made in lots of 100 each. The lots are subjected to 100%

inspection. The record sheet for the first 20 lots inspected showed that a total of 80
items were defective.
(a)

Determine the trial control limits for np chart.

(b)

Assuming all points fall within the control limits. What is your estimate

of the process average faction defective p?


(c)

If this p remains unchanged, what is the probability that the 21 st lot will

contain exactly 2 defectives? That it will contain 2 or more defectives?


Q.2.

a)

b)

Distinguish between:
(i)

defect and defective

(ii)

p chart and np chart

(iii)

c-chart and u chart

(iv)

class A and class B defects

The number of defectives in lots for a particular item is shown below.

consists of 400 items.


Lot No.
1
2
3
No. of defects 24
38
52
per lot np

Q.3.

4
26

5
36

6
30

7
42

8
52

9
20

10
16

(i)

compute centre line on np chart

(ii)

plot np chart

(iii)

draw conclusions

(iv)

calculate revised control limits, if you feel necessary.

11
20

Each lot
12
24

a) What is acceptance sampling? State the advantages of acceptance sampling over

100% inspection.
b) Draw a neat sketch of an OC curve. Show and explain its different zones and salient
points. Also, state the characteristics of an OC curve.

c) A double sampling plan: n1 = 150, c1 = 2, n2 = 300, c2 = 4 is used for inspection of a 1.5%


defective lot. What is the probability of acceptance and average total inspection?
d) Draft a single sampling by attribute plan which will meet the following requirements:
0. 05

b = 0.10
Q.4.

p1 = 0.02

a =

p2 = 0.05

a) Differentiate between:
i) Random Sample and Systematic Sample
ii) AOQL and AQL
iii) ATI and ASN
iv) Producers Risk and Consumers Risk
b) Discuss the method of determination of AOQL in the laboratory.
c) Determine the equations of the rejection and acceptance lines for an item-by-

item sequential plan in which


p0-.50 = 0.05

and

p0-.10 = 0.15

Compute the respective acceptance and rejection numbers where n is 20,40,60,80 and 100. In
this calculation make the rejection number the next whole number above d 2and the acceptance
number the next whole number below d1.
d) In a double sampling plan,
N = 5,000, n1 = 100, c1 = 0, n1 + n2 = 200, c2 = 2
(i)
(ii)

Compute the probability of acceptance of 1% defective lot.

Assume that a lot rejected by the proposed sampling plan will be 100% inspected. What

will be the AOQ if submitted lots are 1% defective?


(iii)

Considering both the inspection of samples and inspection of rejected lots, what will be

the average number of articles inspected per lot if the submitted product is 1% defective?
Q.5. (a) What is TQM? Describe the following in connection with TQM:
(i)

Zero Defect Concept

(iii) JIT Manufacturing

(ii) Workers attitude


(iv) People Involvement

(b) What are Quality Circles? Name and briefly discuss the various problem solving
techniques.
Q.6. (a) Define TQM. Explain how TQM can be ensured. Discuss the need of training for
Quality Management.

(b) State the characteristics advantages and limitations of Quality Circles.


Q.7. (a) Briefly discuss the ISO-9000 series standards.
(b) State the outstanding features of ISO: 9000 series standards.
(c) Write a short note on Six Sigma Concept.
Q.8. (a) Describe the benefits of ISO :9000 series standards.
(b) Describe the various steps necessary for obtaining ISO: 9000 standards registration.

(c) Write a short note on Taguchis Quality Concept.