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The Level of Awareness of Parents

on Different Vaccines and Immunizations


in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya

A Research Project Submitted in


Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements
In English1B

Deus, Jenus
Garcillan, Kevin Mark Marcelo
Andres, Kristine Joy
Bunoy, Wilmarie
Carbonell, Antoinette
De Vera, Joanna
Fazon, Ezra Jessica
Gasmea, Chabie Angela
Student-Researchers

Jaydee F. James
Research Adviser

Saint Marys University


Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
School of Health Science

March 2014
1

Acknowledgment

The project should not have been a reality without the contributions of various people
and institutions to which the student-researchers owe great appreciation and gratitude:

We would like to express our deepest gratitude to our research adviser, Mrs. Haydee
D. James for his excellent guidance, caring, patience, and her never ending consideration for
doing this research.

We would like to thank our friends who always there to help us and for giving us the
best suggestions.

We would also like to thank our parents for their unconditional support both
financially and emotionally and encouraging us with their best wishes.

Finally, to our Lord for the wisdom and perseverance that He has been bestowed upon
us during this research project, and indeed, throughout our life.

Deus, Jenus
Garcillan, Kevin Mark Marcelo
Andres, Kristine Joy
Bunoy, Wilmarie
Carbonell, Antoinette
De Vera, Joanna
Fazon, Ezra Jessica
Gasmea, Chabie Angela
Student-Researchers
2

Dedication

We dedicate this research project to the following persons who have always supported
us physically, emotionally, financially and spiritually:

To our parents, who has been our inspiration to do this research study, who taught us
that even the largest task can be accomplished if it is done one step at a time.

To our friends and classmates who inspired us, their smiles serve as our strength to
this study.

We also dedicate this work to our Lord. He showered us courage and patience to do
this study. All glory and honor to Him.

Deus, Jenus
Garcillan, Kevin Mark Marcelo
Andres, Kristine Joy
Bunoy, Wilmarie
Carbonell, Antoinette
De Vera, Joanna
Fazon, Ezra Jessica
Gasmea, Chabie Angela
Student-Researchers
3

Table of Contents

Preliminaries
Title Page...
Acknowledgement.
Dedication.
Table of Contents..
Abstract.
Chapter I (Problem and Its Background)..
Introduction...
Statement of the Problem..
Significance of the Study..
Scope and Delimitation.
Definition of Terms...
Chapter II (Methodology)
Research Design
Research Environment..
Subject of the Study..
Research Instrument..
Data Analysis
Chapter III (Presentation and Analysis of Data).......
Chapter IV (Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation)
Summary.......
Conclusion.....
Appendices........
Questionnaire
Documentation...
References.................
.
Curiculum Vitae.

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of parents on different vaccines
and immunizations. Several literatures were utilized upon the construction of the
questionnaire to determine parents perceptions as basis for identifying their level of
awareness on different vaccines and immunizations. Different statistical tools were used for
the proper interpretation of the data being gathered such as frequency count, percentages,
descriptive design and correlational design. From the data being interpreted it was found that
parents in Bambang , Nueva Vizcaya has High level of awareness regarding the different
vaccines and immunizations that must be administered to their children.

Chapter I
The Problem and Its Background

Introduction
Immunization is the process by which vaccines are introduced into the body before
infection sets in. Vaccines are administered to induce immunity thereby causing the
recipients immune system to react to the vaccine that produces antibodies to fight infections.
Vaccinations promote health and protect children from diseases-causing agents. Infants and
newborns need to be vaccinated at an early age since they belong to vulnerable age group.
They are susceptible to childhood diseases. There are several general principles which apply
in vaccinating children. First it is safe and immunologically effective to administer all
EXPANDED PROGRAM ON IMMUNIZATION (EPI) vaccines on the same day at different
sites of the body. Second it moderates fever, malnutrition, mild respiration infection, cough,
and diarrhea and are not contraindications to vaccination. Generally, one should immunize
unless the child is so sick that needs to be hospitalized. Lastly it is safe and effective with
mild side effects after vaccination. Local reaction, fever and systematic symptoms can result
as part of the normal immune response. (Public Health Nursing in the Philippines)
Nowadays people are experiencing diseases cause by infections that lead to death of
several people, infectious diseases like Measles, Mumps Rubella, Influenza, and different

kinds of Hepatitis others. Which when being introduced and discussed thoroughly the
benefits of vaccines and immunizations could have been saved those lives of people who died
because of infectious disease.
Generally the student-researchers conducted this study to determine the level of
awareness of parents in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya on the different vaccines and
immunizations needed to be administered to their children.

Statement of the problem


This study focused on the awareness of parents on vaccines and immunization in
Bambang, Nueva Vizacaya.
Specifically, it aimed to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:
a. Age
b. Socioeconomic status
c. Gender
2. What are the different vaccines and immunizations for children?
3. What are the common diseases on children that require immunization and
vaccination?
4. On what specific age are these immunization and vaccines administered to the
children?

Significance of the Study


In conducting this research project many people will be benefited. The awreness on

vaccines and immunizations will benefit the following:


Parents: Parents will lessen their expenses on hospitalization and they will save money for
other needs.
Children: Children who are vaccinated will have lower possibility to suffer from viral
diseases.
Community: The community will be free from different viral diseases and can focus on
different activities in the community.

Scope and Delimitation


This study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of parents about the
different vaccines and immunizations. It was conducted in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya fom
February-March. The study involved the parents of the said municipality.

Definition of terms
Anti-Bodies- any of a large number of proteinsof high molecular weight that are produced
normally by an antigen and act specifically against the antigen in an immune
response that are produced abnormally by some cancer cells.
Devastating diseases- very dangerous diseases that can cause many destructions in our body
even death.
Embedded- occurring as a grammatical constituent within a like constituent.
Fatal- causing death
Gynecologist- a physician who specializes in the care, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders
of the female reproductive system
Immunization- the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified
against an agent (known as the immunogenic).

Immunogenic- any antigen that is capable of inducing humoral and/or cell-mediated immune
response rather than immunological tolerance
Socio economic status- is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a
person's work experience and of an individual's or familys
economic and social position in relation to others, based
on income, education, and occupation.
Vaccine- a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine
typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is
often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its
surface proteins.
Vaccination- the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate an individual's
immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen
Vulnerable age group- ages that are capable of being physically or emotionally wounded.

Chapter II
METHODOLOGY

Research Design
This study used descriptive, correlative design in determining the level of awareness
of parents on different vaccines and immunizations in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya. Identifying
the awareness of parents about different vaccines and immunizations required descriptions.

Research Environment
9

This study was conducted at 9 selected barangays in Bambang, Province of Nueva


Vizcaya. This town is comprised of 25 barangays namely Abian, Abinganan, Aliaga,
Almaguer North, Almaguer South, Banggot (Urban), Barat, Buag (Urban), Calaocan (Urban),
Dullao, Homestead (Urban), Indiana, Mabuslo, Macate, Manamtam, Mauan, Salinas, San
Antonio North, San Antonio South, San Fernando, San Leonardo, Santo Domingo
(Tabangan), Pallas, Magsaysay Hill (Urban) and Santo Domingo West. The barangays
covered by the study are namely Buag, Calaocan, Banggot, Almaguer South, Almaguer
North, San Antonio North, Barat, Homestead and San Leonardo with a temperature of 34
degrees Celsius and was conducted from January to March 2014.

Subject of the Study


The respondents of the study were the randomly selected residents of the 9 selected
Barangays in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya namely Buag, Calaocan, Banggot, Almaguer South,
Almaguer North, San Antonio North, Barat, Homestead and San Leonardo.

Research Instruments
This study used a questionnaire to determine the parents awareness about the
different vaccines and immunizations. It also utilized different literatures upon the
construction of the questionnaire.

10

Data Analysis
To answer problems 1 and 5, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such
as frequency, percentages and for the correlation among variables, data were analyzed by
ANOVA. For problems 2, 3 and 4 literatures were gathered to answer those problems.

Chapter III
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

This chapter presents four main topics of the present study which were based on the
answers to the given problems: (1) What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: Age,
Socioeconomic status and Gender?, (2) What are the different vaccines and immunizations
for children?, (3) What are the common diseases on children that require immunization and
vaccination?, (4) On what specific age are these immunization and vaccines administered to
the children?

Table1.1. Profile of the randomly selected respondents according to gender.

Gender

Frequency(f)

Percentage(%)

Female

80

88.89

Male

10

11.11

Total

90

100

11

Table1.1The table shows that there are 80 (88.89%) female respondents and 10 (11.11%)
male respondents with a total of 90 (100%) respondents. Majority of the respondents are
female.

Table1.2. Profile of the respondents according to Socio-economic status.

Socio Economic Status

Frequency(f)

Percentage(%)

Have much money and properties: I


can purchase whatever I want

1.11

Income is enough for supplying


family's needs; can save money

43

47.78

Income is enough for supplying the


family's needs; but can barely save

30

33.33

Income is small; at times not


enough for the family

14

15.56

Income is very small; not always


sufficient for the family

2.22

Total

90

100

Table1.2The table shows that there are 43 (47.78%) households whose income is enough for
supplying familys needs and can save money and 1 (1.11%) household have much money
and properties and they can purchase whatever they want. Majority of the respondents say
that their income is enough for supplying the familys needs and can save money.

12

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the Province of Nueva Vizcaya


belongs to the second class in terms of socio-economic status which means that Nueva
Vizcaya have obtained an average annual income of twenty million pesos or more but not
more than thirty million pesos. The Municipality of Bambang belongs to the first class which
means that Bambang has obtained an average annual income of fifteen million or more. This
explains why the majority of the respondents in Bambang has enough income for supplying
the familys needs and can save money.

Table2.1. The awareness the respondents on vaccines and immunizations.


Respondents Answer

Frequency

Percentage(%)

Yes

84

93.33

No

6.67

Total

90

100

Table2.1 The table shows that there are 84 (93.33%) who are aware of the different vaccines
and immunizations and 6 (6.67%) who are not aware of the different vaccines and
immunization with the total of 90 (100%). Majority are aware of the different vaccines and
immunizations.

Majority of the people of Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya are aware of vaccines and
immunizations that protect their children with infectious diseases. Pediatric Immunization
according to Karch is a well-documented to prevent potentially devastating diseases; society
prevents unneeded suffering and death, and saves valuable citizens for the future. Pediatric
immunization has helped to greatly decrease the incidence of most childhood diseases and
has prevented associated complications. In the United States, routine immunization is
considered standard medical practice. Table 2.1 shows that majority of the parents are aware
13

of these vaccines and immunizations.

Table2.2. The awareness of the respondents on different vaccines and immunizations.


Vaccine or Immunization

Frequency(f)

Percentage(%)

Hepatitis B

68

13.85

Rotavirus

30

6.11

Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis

64

13.03

Haemophilus Influenza type B

32

6.52

Pneumococcal

32

6.52

Inactivated Poliovirus

34

6.92

Influenza

42

8.55

Measles, Mumps Rubella

79

16.09

28

5.70
11.00

Varicella
Hepatitis A
Meningococcal
Total

54
28
491

5.70
100

Table2.2The table shows that 79 (16.09%) are aware of Measles, Mumps, Rubella vaccine
and 28 (5.70%) are aware of the Varicella and Meningococcal vaccines. Majority of are
aware of Hepatitis B vaccine.

According to Karch(2011). Hepatitis B is a fatal hepatitis caused by a doublestranded DNA virus, Hepaitis B that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted
14

especially by contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids. Rotavirus is a three-layered
protein capsid with no outer lipid that envelop. When matured, can cause epidemics of severe
and sometimes fatal diarrhea in infants and young children. Diphtheria is an acute
contagious disease typically marked by the formation of false membrane especially in the
throat and caused by a gram-positive bacterium that produces toxin that can cause
inflammation of the heart and nervous system. Tetanus is an infectious disease that is
characterized by tonic spasm of voluntary muscles especially of the jaw and caused by an
exotoxin of bacterium which is usually introduced through a wound. Pertussis is a
respiratory disease especially of children caused by a bacterium-Bacterium pertussis, and
marked by a convulsive spasmodic cough sometimes followed by a crowing intake of breath.
Influenza is an acute typically severe respiratory disease caused by an orthomyxvirus and
marked by sudden onset, fever, prostration, severe aches and pains, and progressive
inflammation of the respiratory mucous membrane. Pneumococcal is a disease caused by a
bacterium, Streptococcus pneumonia, marked by an acute pneumonia involving one or more
lobes of the lung. Inactivated Poliovirus is an enterovirus occurring in three distinct
serotypes that can cause poliomyelitis. Measles is a contagious disease that is caused by a
morbillivirus and is marked especially by an eruption of distinct red circular spots on the
body. Mumps is an acute virus disease caused by a paramyxovirus and marked by fever and
by swelling especially of the parotid gland. Rubella or German Measles is a contagious
virus disease caused by a togavirus and is milder than typical measles but is damaging to the
fetus when occurring early in pregnancy. Varicella is a contagious disease especially of
children marked by low-grade fever and formation of vesicles and caused by a herpesvirus.

Types and Schedule of vaccines and immunizations


VACCINES
Birt

6
15

AGE
12

15

18

19-23

2-3

4-6

h
Hepatitis B
Rotavirus
Diphtheria,
Tetanus,
Pertussis
Haemophilu
s Influenza
type B
Pneumococc
al
Inactivated
Poliovirus
Influenza
Measles,
Mumps,
Rubella
Varicella

Hep
B

mont month
h
s
Hepatitis B

mont
hs

month
s

mont month
hs
s
Hepatitis B

RV
DTaP

RV
DTap

RV
DTaP

Hib

Hib

Hib

Hib

PCV

PCV

PCV

PCV

IPV

IPV

mont
hs

month
s

DTaP

years

DTaP

PPSV

IPV

IPV
Influenza (Yearly)

MMR

MMR

Varicella

Hepatitis A
Meningococ
cal

Hepatitis A (2 doses)

Table2.3. The availability of vaccines and immunizations


Answer
Yes
No
Total

years

Frequency(f)
68
22
90

Percentage(%)
75.56
24.44
100

Table2.3The table shows that 68 (75.56%) of respondents say that vaccines and
immunizations are available in their barangay health centers and 22 (24.44%) say that
vaccines and immunizations are not available in their barangay health centers with a total of
90 (100%). Majority say that vaccines and immunizations are available in their barangay
health centers.

According Bautista, RN, states that DOH programs like extended Program on
16

Varice
la
Hep A Series
MCV

immunizations, requires mothers to bring their children to the clinic to receive immunizations
aside from those given at birth like Hepa B and BCG. MMR (measles, mumps, rubeola),
OPV (oral polio vaccine) and DPT (diphtheria, perussis, tetanus) are also administered. DOH
utilizes media like televisison, posters and radio to encourage people to immunizations.

Table2.4. .Profile of children being vaccinated.


Respondents Answers

Frequency

Percantage(%)

Yes

84

93.33

No

6.67

Total
90
100
Table2.4The table shows that 84 (93.33%) of the respondents says that their children already
received the different kinds of vaccines and immunizations and 6 (6.67%) says that their
children did not receive any kind of vaccines and immunizations with the total of 90 (100%).
Majority says that their children already received the diiferent kinds of vaccines and
immunizations.

Table2.5. Kinds of vaccines or immunizations being administered to the children of the


respondents.
Vaccine or Immunization

Frequency(f)

Percentage(%)

Hepatitis B

57

13.83

Rotavirus

29

7.04

Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis

62

15.05

Haemophilus Influenza type B

29

7.09

Pneumococcal

22

5.34

17

Inactivated Poliovirus

27

6.55

Influenza

31

7.52

Measles, Mumps Rubella

73

17.72

21

5.10

41
20

9.95

Varicella
Hepatitis A
Meningococcal
Total

412

4.85
100

Table2.5The table shows that 73 (17.72%) of the respondents children already received
Measles, Mumps Rubella vaccines and 20 (4.85%) of the respondents children already
received Meningococcal vaccine. Majority of the vaccines being administered are Measles,
Mumps Rubella vaccines.

Vaccination and Immunization are the things that counteract possible diseases in
man. There is a need for these vaccines and immunizations to be administered most
especially to children. According to the book of Public Health Nursing in the Philippines
(2007), Hepatitis B vaccine is being administered at birth and has a number of doses of 3. An
early start of Hepatitis B reduces the chance of being infected and becoming a carrier. It also
prevents liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. About 9000 die of complications of Hepatitis B. 10%
of Filipinos have chronic Hepatitis B infection before 2012. While Vaccines for Measles are
being administered at 9 months. At least 85% of measles can be prevented by immunization
at this age. It prevents deaths, malnutrition, pneumonia, diarrhea and others. When children
are being vaccinated with these kinds of vaccines, it could cause a very large impact on the
health status of the community lessening the number of children having these diseases.

18

Table2.6. Effect of the cost of the different vaccines and immunization to the
respondents.
Respondents Answers

Frequency

Percentage(%)

Yes

44

48.89

No

46

51.11

Total
90
100
Table2.6The table shows that 46 (51.11%) of the respondents are not affected with the costs
of vaccines and immunization on deciding to get their children vaccinated, 44 respondents
(44.89%) who says that they their decisions are affected by the costs of this vaccines and
immunizations. Majority of the respondents are not affected with the costs of vaccines and
immunization.

As shown in Table 1.2 Philippine Statistics Authority, the majority of the respondents
have enough income for familys needs and can save money which indicates that they have
enough money to provide the needs of their family like vaccines and immunizations. As a
result, they are not affected with the cost of the vaccines and immunizations on deciding to
get their children vaccinated.

Table 2.7.Level of awareness of the respondents on the dissemination about these


vaccines and immunizations.
Respondents Answers

Frequency

Percantage(%)

Yes

13

14.44

No

77

85.56

Total
90
100
Table2.7The table shows that there are 77 (85.86%) of respondents who are not aware that
their community is conducting information dissemination regarding the different vaccines
and immunizations, 13 (14.44%) are aware that their community is conducting such program.
Majority of the respondents are not aware that their community is conducting information
19

dissemination regarding the different vaccines and immunizations.

Respondents got aware of the different vaccinations by Education; some are students
and mostly are Graduates of different courses. Vaccines and immunizations have been
discussed to them in their specific subjects. In addition, the OOA promotes its projects
through media. Lastly, the Doctors or Pediatricians also educate parents through seminars
about the different vaccines and immunizations for their children to be protected.

Table2.8. How often do the respondents community conduct this information


dissemination?
Respondents Answer
Never
Seldom
Sometimes
Often
Always
Total

Frequency(f)
1
4
41
17
12
75

Percentage(%)
1.33
5.33
54.67
22.67
16
100

Table2.8 The table shows that information dissemination about vaccines and immunization
are sometimes conducted with 41 (54.67%) respondents and1 (1.33%) answered that the
program is never around. Majority of the respondents answered that the information
dissemination about vaccines and immunizations are only sometimes conducted in their
barangays.

Public Health Nursing in the Philippines (2007) explains that Standard Routine
Immunization Schedule for infants is adopted to provide maximum immunity against the
seven vaccine preventable diseases before a childs first birthday. A child is said to be Fully
Immunized Child when a child receives one dose of BCG, 3 doses of OPV, 3 doses of DPT,

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3 doses of HB and one dose of measles before a childs first birthday. So visiting medical
practitioners routinely children are vaccinated and immunized at the right time. Table 2.8
shows that majority of the parents sometimes take their children to medical experts. It can be
infered that lot of the children in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya have received their vaccines in
the most appropriate time.

Table2.9. Profile of the respondents on a place of giving birth


Where do you gave birth?

Frequency (f)

Percentage (%)

HOME

11

12.22

HOSPITAL

79

87.78

Total
90
100
Table2.9The table shows that there are 11 respondents (12.22%) who gave birth at home
while there were 79 respondents (87.78%) who gave birth at the Hospital. Majority of the
respondents gave birth at hospitals.
According to Johnson and Taylor (2010), giving birth at hospital ensures the mother
and babys safety such as receiving the right medicines and avoiding, checking of the fatal
heart of the baby, temperature of the mother and baby, and avoiding any complications like
fever, and monitoring the normal blood pressure of mother.
Furthermore, mothers who gave birth at hospitals will be treated and entertained well
because hospitals have the apparatus to use in care complications happen. Babies are attended
by nurses and physicians. Nowadays majority of mothers give birth in hospitals to ensure the
safety of their babies..

Table2.10. Frequency of Visit to the doctor.


Respondents Answer
Never
Seldom
Sometimes

Frequency(f)
0
2
4
21

Percentage(%)
0
18.18
36.36

Often
Always
Total

2
3
11

18.18
27.27
100

Table2.10 The table shows that most of the respondents who gave birth at home visit medical
practitioners sometimes 4 (36.36%) and there are 2 (18.18%) respondents answered seldom
and often. Majority of the respondents visit their medical practitioners sometimes.

According to Peckins, M.D. (2014). an internist at Mount Auburn Hospital in


Cambridge, and a teacher at Harvard Medical School, says, There are many potential
benefits to annual doctor visits, including earlier diagnosis and treatment of existing health
problems and prevention of future problems.
Today annual visits to a primary care physician or internist is generally recommended
for all adults after the age of 18 to 20. This is usually the point at which a young person
makes the transition from a pediatrician to a doctor for adults. Women who see a
gynecologist for regular pelvic exams and pap smears should also visit their primary care
physician to discuss their other healthcare needs.
Dr. Peckins notes that healthy young people frequently dont think they need to see a
doctor every year, but he says, Even young people should see a doctor to help maintain their
good health and prevent future problems.
At the end of the visit, the physician typically makes recommendations for lifestyle
modifications, such as dietary changes or establishing an exercise routine. Physicians can also
teach patients to do self-examinations and take other steps to stay healthy between visits. If
the patients condition warrants, the physician may also prescribe medications to help with
such issues as high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels.

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Chapter IV
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary
The study investigated the level of awareness of parents about the different vaccines
and immunizations that must be administered to their children, the common infectious
diseases among children, the list of different vaccines that must be administered among
children, the different factors affecting parents awareness of this vaccines and immunization,
and the effect of this vaccines and immunizations cost on the decision making of parents to
get their children to be immunized.
The study involved the different statistical tool such as frequency count and
percentages to interpret the different data gathered using the questionnaire.

The study arrived at the following findings:


1

There are eighty (80) female respondents and ten (10) male respondents in 9

Barangays of Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya.


There are forty three (43) households who states income is enough for supplying
familys needs and can save money, thirty (30) households who states income is

23

enough for supplying the family's needs; but can barely save money, fourteen (14)
households state that Income is small; at times not enough for the family, two (2)
households who state that Income is very small; not always sufficient for the family
and one (1) household who have much money and properties and they can purchase
3

whatever they want.


There are eighty-four (84) who are aware of the different vaccines and immunizations

and six (6) who are not aware of the different vaccines and immunization.
There are seventy-nine (79) respondents who are aware of Mumps,Rubella and
Measles vaccine, sixty-eight (68) respondents who are aware of Hepatitis B vaccine,
sixty-four (64) respondents who are aware of Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis
vaccine, fifty-four (54) respondents who are aware of Hepatitis A vaccine, fourty-two
(42) respondents who are aware of Influenza vaccine, thirty-four (34) respondents
who are aware of Inactivated Poliovirus vaccine, thirty-two (32) respondents who are
aware of Haemophilus Influenza type B and Pneumococcal vaccine, thirty (30)
respondents who are aware of Rotavirus Vaccine and twenty-eight (28) respondents

who are aware of Mningococcal and Varicella vaccine.


There are sixty-eight (68) respondents who said that vaccines and immunizations are
available in their barangay health centers and twenty-two (22) respondents said that

vaccines and immunizations are not available in their barangay health centers.
There are eighty-four (84) respondents who said that their children already received
the different kinds of vaccines and immunizations and six (6) said that their children

did not receive any kind of vaccines and immunizations.


There are seventy-three (73) respondents children who already received Measles,
Mumps and Rubella vaccines, sixty-two (62) respondents children already received
Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccines, fifty-seven (57) respondents children
already received Hepatitis B vaccine, forty-one (41) respondents children already
received Hepatitis A vaccine, thirty-one (31) respondents children already received
Influenza vaccine, twenty-nine (29) respondents children who already received
24

Haemophilus Influenza type B and Rotavirus vaccine, twenty-seven (27) respondents


children already received Inactivated Poliovirus vaccine, twenty-two (22)
respondents children already received Pneumococcal vaccine, twenty-one (21)
repondents children already received Varicella vaccine and twenty (20) repondents
8

children already received Meningococcal vaccine.


There are forty-six (46) respondents who are not affected with the costs of vaccines
and immunization on deciding to get their children vaccinated and forty-four (44)

respondents who are affected by the costs of this vaccines and immunizations.
There are seventy-seven (77) respondents who are not aware that their community is
conducting information dissimination regarding the different vaccines and
immunizations and thirteen (13) respondents who are aware that their community is

conducting program.
10 There are forty-one (41) respondents who answered that the information
dissemination about vaccines and immunizations are conducted sometimes, seventeen
(17) respondents who answered often, twelve (12) respondents who answered always,
four (4) respondents who answered seldom and only one (1) respondents who
answered never.
11 There are eleven (11) respondents who gave birth at home and seventy-nine (79)
respondents who gave birth at the hospitals.
12 There are four (4) respondents who gave birth at home and visit their medical
practitioners sometimes, three (3) respondents who gave birth at home who visits their
medical practitioners always, two (2) respondents who gave birth at home who visits
their medical practitioners often and two (2) respondents who gave birth at home who
visits their medical practitioners seldom.

Conclusion

25

1
2

There are more female respondents than male


There are more families whose income is enough to sustain the needs of their families

3
4

and can only save money.


Majority of the respondents are aware of the different vaccines.
Most of the respondents are aware of the vaccines for Measles, Mumps and Rubella

5
6

because these diseases are common among children.


The respondents are aware of the different vaccines available in their barangays.
There are more children that are vaccinated compared to the children who are not

vaccinated.
Vaccines for Measles, Mumps and Rubella are the most administered, vaccines to

8
9

children.
The respondents are not affected by the cost of the vaccines.
Majority of the respondents are not aware about the program of their barangay about

vaccines.
10 Many respondents tell that the information dissemination about the vaccines are only
conducted sometimes.
11 Majority of the respondents give birth at the hospitals.
12 Respondents who give birth at home visit medical practitioners sometimes.

Recommendations
1

For the Researchers, it is recommended that a wider sample be taken. Since the study
havent covered all the barangays of the town of Bambang and or other

Municipalities.
The result of the research says that people have high awareness about the different
vaccines and immunization, it is recommended that the researchers or the government
(RHU) should find ways on how maintain the awareness of parents about the vaccines
and immunizations.

26

APPENDICES
Questionnaire

Saint Mary's University Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya


School of Health Sciences
Dear Respondents,
Peace and all good!
Marian Greetings!
We, the freshmen students of Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy of Saint Mary's
University are currently conducting a research entitled The Level of Awareness of Parents
on Different Vaccines and Immunization in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya.
It is in this regard that we, the researchers, would like to ask a minute of your
time to answer this questionnaire honestly and completely. Rest assured that your personal
information will be kept with utmost confidentiality.
We are anticipating for your cooperation and full support.
Thank you very much and God bless you all !

Student-Researchers:
27

Deus, Jenus
Garcillan, Kevin Mark
Andres, Kristine Joy
Bunoy, Wilmarie
Carbonell, Antoinette
De Vera, Joanna
Fazon, Ezra Jessica
Gasmea, Chabie Angela
Noted by:
Mrs. Haydee D. James
Adviser
Part 1: Respondent's Profile
Instruction: Kindly fill up the following information needed.

Name: (optional): _________________________________


Address: _______________________________________
Age: _______________________
Gender: _____________________
Socioeconomic status:
a. Have much money and properties: I can purchase whatever I want
b. Income is enough for supplying family's needs; can save money
c. Income is enough for supplying the family's needs; but can barely
save
d. Income is small; at times not enough for the family
e. Income is very small; not always sufficient for the family

Part 2: Questionnaire

Instruction: Below is list of questions that will determine the level of your awareness on
different vaccines and immunizations. Encircle your answer, and also provide
an answer to the blank provided if needed.
1. Are you aware of the different vaccines or immunizations that must be administered
to your children?
a. YES
b. NO
28

If yes, what are the different vaccines or immunizations that you are aware of:
a. Hepatitis B
b. Rotavirus
c. Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
d. Haemophilus Iinfuenza Type B
e. Pneumococcal
f. Inactivated Poliovirus

q. Influenza
h. Measles, Mumps Rubella
i. Varicella
j. Hepatitis A
k. Meningococcal

2. Are vaccines available in your Barangay Health Center?


a. YES
b. NO
3. Have your children been vaccinated or immunized?
a. YES
b. NO
If yes, what kind of vaccines did they get?
a. Hepatitis B
b. Rotavirus
c. Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis
d. Haemophilus Iinfuenza Type B
e. Pneumococcal
f. Inactivated Poliovirus

q. Influenza
h. Measles, Mumps Rubella
i. Varicella
j. Hepatitis A
k. Meningococcal

4. Where did your child get these vaccinations and immunization?


a. Hospitals
b. Barangay Health Center
c. Rural Health Unit
d. Medical Missions
5. Does the cost of these vaccinations and immunizations affect you on deciding to get
your children vaccinated and immunized?
a. YES
b. NO
6. Are you aware that your community is conducting information drive about these
vaccinations and immunizations?
a. YES
b. No
If yes, How often do they conduct this?

29

a. NEVER
b. SELDOM
c. SOMETIMES
d. OFTEN
e. ALWAYS
7. Where do you give birth?
a. Hospital
b. Home
If home, How often do you visit the doctor or medical practitioner for your children checkup?
a. NEVER
b. SELDOM
c. SOMETIMES
d. OFTEN
e. ALWAYS

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!


GOD BLESS!

Documentation

30

31

32

RE
ER
NC
S

F
E
E
Book
References:
Cuevas (2007). Public Health Nursing in the Philippines.
Non-Communicable Disease Prevention and Control, Expanded Program on
Immunization, 141-152.
Johnson & Taylor (2010). Skills for Midwifery Practice.
Vaccines and other Novel Approaches,672.
Karch(2011). Focus on Nursing Pharmacology.
Vaccines and Sera, 277-295.
Tindal, Sedrak, & Boltri.Consciencious Precribing for Special populations.
Vaccines, 514-519.

33

Internet References
Philippine Statistics office(2010). Population Census. February, 2014 from
http://www.census.gov.ph/content/bambang-nueva-vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya Online(2014). Municipality of Bambang. March, 2014 from
http://www.nuevavizcaya.gov.ph/municipalities/bambang/
World Health Organization(2012. Visiting Medical Practitioners, March, 2014 from
https://www.google.com.ph/search?&es_sm=93&sclient=psyab&q=importance+of+visiting+to+doctors&oq=importance+of+visiting+t
o+doctors&gs_l=serp.3...46411.61406.2.61767.43.34.0.0.0.0.0.0..0.0....0...1c.
1.37.psyab..88.14.13394.dVmBrX7_gvk&pbx=1&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.6292
2401%2Cd.aGc
%2Cpv.xjs.s.en_US.ZJ_ag0lGXHs.O&biw=1366&bih=643&ech=1&psi=
BJkmU_TFA7CfiAeyyoD4Ag.1395038470549.18&emsg=NCSR&noj=1&e
i=XZkmU9OYFMGsiAfKmoHABg
Human References
Michael Bautista, RN, works at Rural Health Unit in Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Peckins, M.D. (2014). an internist at Mount Auburn Hospital in Cambridge, and a teacher at
Harvard Medical School

Curriculum Vitae

34

I.

Personal Information

Name: Jenus Ynztein P. Deus


Age: 17 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: May 27, 1996
Birthplace: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Solano, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Deus
Occupation: coca-cola finance
clerk
Mother: Deus

II.

Occupation: Housewife

Educational Attainment

Elementary: Saint Marys University


School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Secondary: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
I.

Personal Information

Name: Kevin Mark Marcelo B. Garcillan


Age: 17 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: September 05, 1996
Birthplace: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Marcelo D. Garcillan
Occupation:
Mother: Maribeth B. Garcillan
Occupation:
Housewife

II.

Educational Attainment

35

Elementary: Bayombong, Central Elementary School


School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Secondary: Nueva Vizcaya General comprehensive High School
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

I.

Personal Information

Name: Kristine Joy B. Andres


Age: 19 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: December 24, 1994
Birthplace: Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Benjamin B. Andres
Occupation: Farmer
Mother: Linda L. Andres
Occupation: Housewife

II.

Educational Attainment

Elementary: Buliwao Elementary School


School Address: Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya
Secondary: Quezon National High School
School Address: Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

I.

Personal Information

36

Name: Wilmarie B. Bunoy


Age: 17 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: June 22, 1996
Birthplace: Cordon, Isabela
Address: Cordon, Isabela
Father: Felimom Bunoy
Mother: Felomina Bunoy

II.

Occupation: Farmer
Occupation: Housewife

Educational Attainment

Elementary: Wigan Integrated School


School Address: Cordon, Isabela
Secondary: Saint John Berchmans High School
School Address: Cordon, Isabela
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

Personal Information

Name: Marie Antionnette C. Carbonell


Age: 17 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: November 18, 1996
Birthplace: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Solano, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Alfred A. Carbonell
Occupation:
None
Mother: Daisy C. Carbonell

II

Occupation: OFW

Educational Attainment

37

Elementary: Lactawan Elementary School


School Address: Lactawan, Solano, Nueva Vizcaya
Secondary: Saint Louis School
School Address: Poblacion North, Solano, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

I.

Personal Information
Name: Joanna Camille R. De Vera
Age: 16
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: April 18, 1997
Birthplace: San Marcos, Cabarroguis, Quirino
Address: Capitol hills, San Marcos, Cabarroguis,

Quirino
Father: Chanterphere De Vera
Mother: Jonnabeth De Vera

I.

Occupation: Government employee


Occupation: Government employee

Educational Attainment

Elementary: San Marcos Elementary School (S.Y. 2008-2009)


School Address: San Marcos Cabarroguis Quirino
High School: Quirino General High School (S.Y. 2012-2013)
School Address: Zamora, Cabarroguis, Quirino
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

38

I.

II.

Personal Information

Name: Chabie Angela L. Gasmena


Age: 17 years old
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: December 10, 1996
Birthplace: Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Bienvenido Gasmena Jr.

Occupation:

Businessman
Mother: Charibel Gasmena

Occupation: OFW

Educational Attainment

Elementary: Saint Catherines School


School Address: Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Secondary: Saint Catherines School
School Address: Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

I.

Personal Information
Name: Ezra Jessica Tugas Fazon
Age: 16
Civil Status: Single
Birthday: November 15, 1997
Birthplace: Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Address: Almaguer South, Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
Father: Joey V. Fazon
Occupation: Meat Vendor
Mother: Edeliza T. Fazon
Occupation: Business Woman
II. Educational Attainment
39

Elementary: Bambang North Central School (S.Y. 2008-2009)


School Address: Calaocan, Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
High School: Saint Catherines School (S.Y. 2012-2013)
School Address: Real St., Buag, Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya
College: Saint Marys University
School Address: Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya

40