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the official student publication of the university of the philippines mindanao


page 6


City Council approves
Sports Complex MOU




Hibla ng Kasaysayan

2 news

Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015

City Council approves Sports Complex MOU

Settlers ask for just compensation, relocation

midst the ongoing conflict between the settlers and the administration, the Davao City
Council approved the ordinance on
the creation of a Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU), which will
be used to review the existing 1998
Sports Complex Memorandum of
Agreement (MOA) during the second
reading of the city councils session
on April 21. As of now, the MOU only
needs the signature of approval from
Mayor Rodrigo Duterte.
According to Councilor Bernard
Al-ag, the proponent of the said ordinance, the MOU will serve as the legal
basis to create a technical working
group, which will include the executive department, the city government,
and some university officials.
The group will review the MOA
and will also make recommendations
about the relocation and the compensation of the settlers in the area.
After all the issues are addressed, an
amended MOA will be proposed but
will still be subject to the approval of
the city government.
During the session, the ownership of the property was also raised as
it was stated in the existing MOA that
UP will only allow the city to manage the establishment for 50 years.
Furthermore, the university is not allowed to donate any land property as
stated in the UP Charter of 2008.
However, Atty. John Christopher
Mahamud, city legal office lawyer said
that they are willing to explore possi-


bilities and are looking into a setup of
joint venture agreement, wherein the
university will offer land while the
city government will provide funds
for the installation and management
of the sports complex.
Because of certain provisions
that are not advantageous to the city
government, Councilor Jimmy Dureza recommended the possibility
of relocating the sports complex in
some other area outside the university. He also raised the concerns of the
settlers whose livelihood will be affected once construction begins.
However, Mahamud countered
that there are no other viable places
that can support a 20-hectare land
area and that the issue regarding
the settlers are resolved as they had
withdrawn resistance already.
Allan Logronio, president of the
Sitio 117 Farmers Association, presented a map of the university land
property during the session. He asserted that they could still keep their
lands if the area intended for the
sports complex will be located in San
Gabriel Philippine Army reservation
since it is not occupied.
Mahamud considered the recommendation and said that it will be
discussed by the technical working
group after the approval of the MOU.
In an interview, Logronio said
that they will only concur for as long
as they are justly compensated and
relocated within the universitys land

Kay tagal na
panahon. Akoy
nandirito pa rin
hanggang ngayon
para sayo
(Up Dharma Down, 2006)

Apply now! E-mail your portfolio to




Sitio 117 Farmers Association Allan Logronio proposed that the site for the sports complex should be
relocated to San Gabriel Philippine Army reservation since it remains unoccupied.

area as stipulated in the existing MOA

between the Board of Liquidators
and the administration.
Ang university pud unta
maglantaw sa kaugman sa katawhan,
kay wala man gud ni anhi ang university diri para hilabtan, mangilog
ug kining trabaho bitaw sa mga manguuma, kun dili magtudlo lang kung
unsay tinoud, unsay maayo para sa
estudyante nato. Karon ang ilang
gibuhat murag gitudloan nila ang katawhan nga musukol sa gobyerno.
said Logronio.
He also addressed that there

were no prior consultations and negotiations among the university, the

executive council and the settlers
when they first visited the area to
measure the land, the crops and even
the households that will be affected.
Logronio revealed that while
the council claimed only 32 affected families in the construction of
the sports complex, there are about
a hundred more families in the area
along with their farm lot.

Tuition hikes effect of state

abandonment youth groups

5 HEIs in Davao to increase tuition this year

lasses in June will be welcomed by tuition fee increases in five universities and colleges in Davao City, namely: Ateneo
de Davao University (AdDU) with
their annual six percent increase,
Assumption College of Davao (ACD)
with 15 percent, and Holy Cross of
Davao College (HCDC) with 9.9 percent.
The tuition hikes in the University of the Immaculate Conception
(UIC) and University of Mindanao
(UM) have not been announced as of
the moment.
The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) will release the list of
approved applications for tuition fee
increase of the other 30 higher ed-


ucation institutions (HEIs) sometime
this May.
Malaya Genotiva, Anakbayan
spokesperson for Southern Mindanao
Region (SMR) condemned this years
tuition fee increases (TFI) and calls it
an effect of state abandonment.
They [tuition fee increases] are
the manifestations of the worst effects
of the state abandonment on education and its reversal to profit-oriented
machinery that turns the best of the
youth into automatons while making
them pay for this dehumanizing process, said Genotiva in a statement.
According to Paul Dotollo, Kabataan Partylist (KPL) SMR regional
coordinator, one factor for tuition


Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015



University Library, binuksan

Progressive groups call for the accountability of President Benigno Aquino III and the US
troops in the Mamasapano bloodbath last January.

Kumpensasyon ng settlers, hindi pa naibigay

nim na buwan pagkatapos ng

konstruksyon ay binuksan ang
University Library sa mga estudyante noong ika-6 ng Mayo.
Ayon sa panayam kay Dr. Briccio
Merced Jr., ang University Librarian,
naabutan ng ilang buwan ang pagbubukas ng silid-aklatan dahil kailangan
pang dumaan sa administratibong
panuntunan ang naturang proyekto
matapos ilipat ang pangangasiwa ng
gusali sa admin mula sa construction
company noong ika-31 ng Oktubre ng
nakaraang taon. Dagdag pa niya na
natagalan ang Davao Light and Power
Plant sa pagkabit ng kuryente sa naturang gusali.
Karamihan sa mga gamit at libro
ay mula sa dating koleksyon ng Main
Library at may kakulangan pa sa mesa
at upuan, internet connection at multimedia sections.
It is projected to be postmodern
in terms of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), but it was
not materialized due to budgetary
consideration and other administrative concerns. Its functional but its
not fully operational, ani ni Dr. Merced patungkol sa pasilidad ng bagong
University Library.
Pinaplano na ang pagkakaroon
ng collaborative section, learning
commons, internet facility, multimedia section, museum, archives at
kantina sa loob ng gusali. Inaasahang
opisyal na magbubukas ito sa susunod na pasukan

Estado ng lupa
Samantala, nakabitin pa rin ang
kasong sibil sa pagitan ng mga De Los
Santos at administrasyon ng UP Mindanao sa ilalim ng reklamong Obstruction of Justice.
Ayon sa University Legal Officer
na si Atty. Edwin Mendoza, naghain
ang mga De Los Santos ng mosyon na
iwaksi ang kaso ngunit ibinasura ito
ng korte.
Ayon sa mga De Los Santos, wala
pa silang natatanggap na kumpensasyon sa lupang nagamit sa pagpapatayo ng University Library mula sa
Papahawaon lang ka nga imong
tanom dili bayran, ug irelocate pajud
mig home-lot lang. Mag unsa na lang
mi, wala mi panginabuhi. Mag-uuma
biya mi, daing ng isang miyembro ng
De Los Santos sa isang panayam.
Ang pagbibigay ng kumpensasyon ay ayon sa polisiya ng unibersidad, ani ni Atty. Mendoza.
Humarap din sa kasong Grave
Coercion na isinampa ng Algon Construction Company ang 11 na miyembro ng Sitio 117 Association na
nadakip matapos silang magbarikada
upang pigilan ang pag-uumpisa ng
konstruksyon noong ika-6 ng Agosto,
Ngunit ayon kay Atty. Mendoza,
napawalang-saysay na ang naturang
kaso pagkatapos

Illustration by Kenneth Senarillos

Admin to implement SAIS in August

lthough the Office of the University Registrar (OUR) believes

that the existing Computerized
Student Registration System (CSRS) is
still running smoothly, it is expected
to be replaced by Student Academic
Information Sytstem (SAIS), one of
the core information systems of the
eUP concept, as the new computerized system during registration period of the university this August.
Its almost the same with CSRS
but the good thing about SAIS is that
its a wider system. If youre an administrator [and] you want [to get]
some data from UP Mindanao, you
can access it anytime, like comparing data from different campuses,
whereas CSRS is locally based here in
UP Mindanao, said Prof. Julius Quiz,
University Registrar.
The data input of the incoming

freshmen in CSRS will be transferred

to SAIS and by August, all students
will be able to use this new system.
According to Prof. Vicente B.
Calag, Admin of the Information
Technology Office (ITO), SAIS will
speed up data processing and management. Through the implementation of SAIS, the information needed
by the decision makers of eUP system
will be accessible on hand. Only one
database will contain all the information of all students in all UP campuses. With the new computerized registration system, enrollment, including
payment, will be done online.
SAIS is one of the five management information programs under
the Oracle software which costs P50
million. SAIS is capable of obtaining,
processing, retrieving, updating, and
displaying student, faculty, and alum-

ni information. Its primary function

is the management of student-relevant-and-related data.

Possible glitches and disruptions

The pilot run of this new system in
UP Manila last August 2014 during
enrollment for the first semester of
the present academic year turned out
with dismal results due to the lack of
student consultation and information
dissemination about SAIS interface
and functions. According to reports
from The Manila Collegian, enrollment in some colleges were delayed
due to technical problems with the
new system.
In spite of this, the OUR will still
push through with the implementation, asserting that disruptions are to
be expected.
Pag first-timer yan marami ta-


lagang disruptions. So far na-rectify
na rin ang mga glitches, Quiz added.
Moreover, student leaders maintain that funding for this new system
could have been used for more immediate concerns such as the development and improvement of the
present system being used.
Napakaraming dahilan para
ma-consider natin ang SAIS bilang
parte ng kumersalisasyon ng edukasyon. Sa pagbili natin ng SAIS ay
nagbayad tayo [at] sumuporta sa
isang korporasyon na naman para sa
mga estudyante, said John Othello
Villadolid, USC Chairperson.
Aside from UP Mindanao,
UP Baguio will also implement the
new computerized system next academic year.

4 feature

ang Karlo has been around

during UP Mindanaos pioneering years. Now a father
of four, he remains persistent of
being employed to the university.
He regularly does his arduous task
of gardening around campus, Wala
man koyreklamo, ang ako lang,
makaserbisyo ko sa UP. Even after
18 years, Mang Karlo still fears for
his employment. As a casual worker,
he is required to renew his employment every year. Hadlok oy [unemployment], pero kaluoy sa Diyos,
madawat man ko kada tuig.
Miss Mae is a valued faculty
member. Her dedication to her profession and her devotion to teaching
has helped her establish strong relationships with her colleagues and
students. After working in the university for years, Miss Mae is beginning to doubt her future in the university, and has plans of transferring
to another institution. Despite her
contributions to the academe, she
remains excluded from the call for
promotions. With her plan to invest
her efforts someplace else, she starts
to hope that maybe this time, she finally receives the compensation she
The two are just a fraction of the
employees in UP Mindanao who, despite their several years of services
rendered, are yet to be regularized.
As of 2015, 33 out of the 60 personnel holding administrative jobs
are still casual workers, while there
are 50 in the academe. An interview
with All U.P. Academic Employees

Graphics by Kent John Babiera

Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015

Union president Jon Marx Sarmiento revealed that 21 out of the said 50
workers in the academe do not hold
any item or position and are still excluded from merit promotions.
According to All UP Workers
Union Lisa Fulvadora, the difference
between a casual and a permanent
worker lies in their nature of appointment. A casual worker, more
or less, receives the same pay and
employee benefits as a permanent
worker does. What puts the casual
worker at a disadvantage is the lack
of assurance of his or her employment for the years to come. Casual workers, unlike the permanent
workers already appointed into office are only given a year of employment and have yet to renew their
contract in order to be reinstated
in the office for another term. The
problem behind the issue of regularization of workers, therefore, lies not
on their compensation, but on the
security of their tenure. Every year,
their employment stands on shaky
Although the two have dedicated ample number of years in service
to the institution, their further employment in the university is still not
assured. As explained by Fulvadora,
the government account from where
the salary of permanent workers
comes from is separate from the casual workers source of pay. As the
former receive pay from the stable
allotted budget from
the DBM, the latter
live off the

universitys savings in the form of

lump sumthe same pool which finances the institutions other needs.
Therefore, the approval for a casual
workers renewal of employment
depends entirely on the availability
of funds.
Regularization is not a problem
for the larger constituent universities. As was discovered by the union
only this year, there is an excessive
flow of vacant items or positions
pooling out of the larger campuses.
U.P. Diliman and UP Los Banos together had been holding 334. These
items may be transferred from one
UP constituent to another, depending
on the discernment of the authorities. But instead of being assigned to
the smaller campuses, these were
kept vacant until such time that they
were confiscated by the DBM. While
several items remain floating and
unused by the constituent universities, there are casual workers in UP
Mindanao waiting for these items,
hoping one day, they get regularized,
and are able to continue their efforts
in service for a more stable job.
If a worker remains casual, he
or she will not qualify for merit promotions. Thus, the worker is not able
to receive any incentive despite the
quality of his or her services rendered to the academe. With this arrangement, transferring to another
institution may be a move some may
look forward to.
Dedicated workers move out
of the administration, highly-qualified instructors transfer schools,

and researchers end up working for

the industry. In actuality, the institution houses professionals who are
more than capable of doing their
job. These workerspeople we see
walking down the halls everyday
are the backbone of the university.
Without these people, the institution
would cease to exist as it is.
The shaky nature of a workers
tenure is but a microcosm of a bigger problem: Capable workers move
in and out of the country because of
a system that is incapable of protecting the welfare of its working class,
of ensuring the stability of their employment, of creating opportunities
which will enable them to receive
the compensation they deserve. As it
turns out, brain drain comes in various scales.
The mere fact there are existing cases of workers who had not
been regularized despite the length
of their tenure is proof that the provisions set for the welfare of the
working class are lacking and that
the state has failed to meet the needs
of the people who have kept it alive.
Regularization is not the ultimate solution, but a start. The employees in Mindanao offer their time
in effort in service to the institution
we invest the future of our state
in. In the end, this fight is not only
theirs; it is our fight too.


Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015


Is ang pasilip s a epekto ng l abor e xport polic y

asa paliparan na si Mary Jane

Veloso ng Indonesia nang mahuli siya. Hindi niya inakala
na ang dala-dala niyang maleta ay
may laman na 2.6 na kilo ng heroin, na kung saan ayon sa kanyang
recruiter ay naglalaman lamang ng
kanyang mga gamit. Nahatulan siya
ng kanyang kaso noong 2010, anim
na buwan matapos siyang madakip.
Sa loob ng limang taon niyang pagkakakulong, walang umabot sa kanya
na tulong mula sa gobyerno hanggang
mahatulan na siya ng death penalty.
Ngunit dahil sa sama-samang kilos at
panawagan ng sambayanang Pilipino
ay naisalba natin si Mary Jane mula
sa pagkakabitay. Isa lamang si Mary
Jane sa mga manggagawang naipit sa
kawalan ng trabaho at kontra-manggagawang batas sa bansa.
Si Mary Jane Veloso ay nanggaling sa isang pamilya mula sa Nueva
Ecija at lumaki sa mga magulang na
magsasaka sa Hacienda Luisita. Siya
ang bunso sa limang magkakapatid,
at nakapagtapos ng unang taon sa
sekondarya. Siya ay nakapag-asawa
nang maaga at nagkaroon ng dalawang anak na lalaki. Dahil sa kahirapan, namasukan si Mary Jane bilang
domestic helper sa Dubai sa loob ng
dalawang taon. Ngunit sampung buwan pa lamang siya sa kanyang pinapasukan ay nalagay na siya sa peligro
nang tinangka siyang gahasain. Ito
ang nagtulak sa kanya na bumalik ng
Ngunit napilitan syang magabroad muli at makipagsapalaran
dahil na rin sa kakulanganan sa pera
na maipangtustos sa pag-aaral ng
kanyang mga anak. Inalok sya ni Maria Kristina Sergio, kakilala ni Mary
Jane, ng trabaho sa Malaysia. Ngnunit
napilitan siyang lumipat sa Indonesia
bilang kasambahay noong Abril ng
2010 dahil sa kawalan ng pinangakong trabaho sa kanya ni Sergio.
Ngunit mananatili ang ganitong
mapait na katotohanan kung hindi

Dibuho ni Jet Israel

mananagot ang tunay na human trafficker. Sumasalamin ang masakit na

katotohanang ito sa takbo ng buhay
ng mga mangagawang Pilipino. Ang
bawat pawis ng pagsusumikap na
maiahon ang kaniya-kaniyang pamilya sa kahirapan ay iisa lamang sa mga
hamon na kailangan pang harapin ng
ating mga kababayang manggawa.
Nakaharap rin sila sa mga panganib na maaaring magdala sa kanila sa
bingit ng kamatayan.
Ito rin ay sumasalamin sa katayuan ng ating bansa. Kung dati kilala ang Pilipinas bilang exporter ng
mga produktong saging, pinya at iba
pang mga kilalang produkto, ngayon
ay mas tumaas na ang bilang ng mga
manggagawang Pilipinong lumalabas
ng bansa upang maghanap buhay.
Dahil sa naging kondisyon ng pamumuhay ng ating mga manggagawa ay
napilitan silang mangibang-bayan at
makipagsapalaran sa ibayong lugar.
Simula nang maipasa ang Labor
Code of the Philippines noong 1975
ay nasa 36,035 na mga Pilipino ang

lumabas ng bansa upang magtrabaho.

Matapos ang isang dekada, tumaas
ang bilang ng mga kababayan nating
nangibang-bansa ng halos sampung
beses. Umabot ng 372,784 na mga
manggagawa ang lumisan ng bansa.
Sa taong 2014 ,ang bansang Pilipinas
ay nakapagpalabas na ng 1.7 milyong
mga manggagawang Pilipino.
Subalit naitala ang maraming
kaso ng illegal recruitment. Hindi na rin lingid sa ating kaalaman
na may mga OFW na nahaharap
din sa diskriminasyon at kung minsan pa ay nagiging biktima ng karahasan. Maraming mga kwento na
ng pang-aabuso sa ating mga kababayang OFW na siyang pumapatunay
sa walang katiyakan na seguridad. At
sa bawat paglisan ng mga OFW may
mga pamilya silang maiiwan, anak na
kagaya nila Mark Darrel at Mark Daniel na hindi na nila masusubaybayan
ang paglaki, ina at amang hindi makakapiling, kapalit ng magaang estado
ng pamumuhay.
Ang kwento ni Mary Jane ay hin-

di bago sa atin. Nang lumabas ang

balitang ito ay sumagi muli sa kamalayan ng bansa ang naging kwento ni
Flor Contemplacion at ilan pang mga
OFW na nahaharap sa mga kasong
sila ay napagbintangan lamang.
Hindi natin maikakaila na ang
sitwasyon ay dulot ng kawalan ng
pambansang industriya at kalidad ng
edukasyong na siyang naging daan sa
pagtangkilik at pagdepende natin sa
mga banyaga. Naimulat tayo na tanging sa pangingibang-bansa lamang
makaka-ahon sa kahirapan.
Ang kuwento ni Mary Jane Veloso ang nagpaptunay na bawat araw,
may kababayan tayong nasusukol sa
hamon na maiangat ang kalidad ng
buhay. Na sa hangaring maiunlad ang
katayuan ng pamumuhay ay handang
lisanin ang kanilang pamilya at bansa. May mga kaniya-kaniya tayong
kakilalang Mary Jane na handang
mangibang-bayan at magsakripisyo
tungo sa katuparan ng mabuting kabuhayan.

6 feature

Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015

agsimula ang lahat nang tumaya ang taumbayan sa larong magsasalba sa kanila
mula sa mitsa ng korapsyon at pandaraya
sa nagdaang administrasyon. Pinagbigyan ng
sambayanan ang hari na manguna at patakbuhin
ang larong ahedres sa pagitan ng sambayanang
Pilipino laban sa mapang-api at naghahaharing
Sa bawat galaw ng mga piyesa sa ahedres,
isang hari ang nanguna, isang reyna ang iningatan, dalawang tore ang nagpasya, dalawang
obispo at dalawang kabalyero ang nag-impluwensya, at walong kawal ang nag-abang. Sa limang taong panunungkulan ni Pangulong Benigno Aquino III, ang hari, ay matatahasa na ang
naging takbo ng kanyang administrasyon sa
ilalim nang pinangakong tuwid na daan.

Hindi pa nga natatapos ang

laro ay nag-iba na ng istratehiya ang hari at bumaliktad ang
tunggaliang inakalang sabay na
haharapin ng estado at
mamamayan. Ngayon ang
ahedres ay sa pagitan na ng
hari at taumbayan. Mula sa
pakanang Pork
Barrel, pagpapaigting
mabagal na


Yolanda at ibang natural na kalamidad, tumataas na bilang ng

pagyurak sa pantaong karapatan,
aberya sa MRT at ibang pampublikong pasilidad, pagputok ng
Zamboanga at hostage crisis sa
Luneta, at ang pagkitil ng halos 60
buhay sa Mamasapano, lumihis
na ang daang pinangako. Naghirap ang mamamayan dahil sa
mababang sahod, taas ng presyo,
walang tamang reporma sa lupa at
serbisyo. Marami na ang nanawagan sa kanyang pananagutan sa
patung-patong na pagyurok sa
pambansang soberanya.
Ginampanan ng pinag-isang
lipunan ang kilos ng bawat piyesa ng laro. Ngayon, mismong taumbayan na ang haring tuwirang
umatake sa kalaban. Napailalim
na ang pangulo sa isang paglusob at wala nang ibang galaw na
makakatakas siya sa pagkakasilo.
Ngunit ang panawagan sa kagyat na pananagutan at pagbibitiw
sa pwesto ni PNoy ay hindi lamang natatapos sa pagbubutyag
ng baho, pagpataw ng hustisya,
o paglabas at pagsigaw sa lansangan. Ito lamang ang simula
sa pagtahak ng bawat Pilipino sa
tunay na pagbabago.
Bilang kapalit sa administrasyong Aquino ay ang pagtataguyod ng Konseho ng Bayan
para sa Pambansang Pagkakaisa,
Reporma at Kapayapaan (Peoples Council for National Unity, Reform and Peace) kung saan
binubuo ito mula sa malaking

hanay ng mga mamamayang kumilos sa pagpapaalis kay Aquino sa pamamagitan ng isang

demokratikong proseso. Pangungunahan nito ang transisyon sa
isang bago at mabuting gobyerno.
Sa pagpili ng miyembro sa konseho ay marapat lang na sila ay
makabayang Pilipinong may malinaw na track record sa pamumuno sa mga kilusang bayan para
sa demokratikong reporma, kilala
sa kanilang katapatan, integridad
at kakayahan.
Ang Noynoy Out Now
(NOW), mas kilala bilang peoples
council dito sa ating rehiyon ang
nangunuguna nito. Binubuo ito
ng mga organisasyon at indibidwal mula sa ibat ibang sektor na
nagkaisang patalsikin si Aquino at
itayo ang Peoples council. ani ni
Malaya Genotiva, ang Spokesperson ng Anakbayan-SMR.
Nakasaad sa artikulo ng Aktibong Bayan na sila ay mamamahala sa loob lamang ng isa o dalawang taon at gagampanan ang
mga sumusunod:

Pagbubuo ng isang independyenteng komisyon

para imbestigahan at usigin
ang mga sangkot sa trahedya
sa Mamasapano;
Paglalatag ng kundisyon
para sa malinis at kapani-paniwalang eleksiyon sa


Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015

pamamagitan ng pagsasagawa ng mga kinakailangang
reporma para maiwasan ang
pandaraya at panlilinlang,
mabawasan ang pagkakaroon ng mga patron sa politika at pagbawalan ang mga
dinastiyang politikal;
Pagtatanggal sa sistemang pork barrel at pag-usig
sa mga nakinabang sa katiwaliang DAP at PDAF; pagtitiyak ng government transparency sa pamamagitan
ng batas hinggil sa kalayaan
sa impormasyon (freedom
of information law) at government accountability sa
pamamagitan ng batas para
protektahan ang mga whistleblower (whistleblowers
protection law);
Pagpapatupad ng mga
pang-ekonomiya para sa reporma sa lupa, pambansang
industriyalisasyon, mataas
na kita, seguridad sa pagkain, at batayang serbisyong
panlipunan para sa mahihirap at gitnang-uri;
Pagrepaso sa maka-isang
panig na mga kasunduan tu-

lad ng Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA), Mutual Logistics

Support Agreement (MLSA)
at Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA);
pangkapayapaan sa MILF at sa NDFP
sa pamamagitan ng pagkatig sa mga nakaraang napagkasunduan at pagtugon
sa mga ugat ng armadong
Ang kapangyarihan ng bayan
ang magpapatakbo sa konseho
kung saan makatarungan at lehitimo ang naturang pagkilos sapagkat kinikilala ng konstitusyon ang
pambansang soberanya ng bawat
mamamayan. Ang nakinabang
lamang sa People Power na nagpatalsik sa administrasyong Erap
at Arroyo ay ang mga pumalit na
pulitiko. Sa Peoples Council ay
mismong ang taongbayan ang
mamumuno at gagawa ng mga
kagyat na hakbang para panagutin
ang mga naghaharian-harian.
Hinihikayat rin namin ang
lahat lalong lalo na ang mga kabataan na lumahok sa pambansang kilusan sa pagpapatalsik kay
Aquino at makiisa sa pagtayo ng
Peoples council. Dagdag ni Genotiva.

Hindi katulad sa katapusan

ng larong ahedres na kakaunting piyesa na lamang ang natitira
sa laban, ang pagpupunyagi ng
konseho ay ang sama-samang
panawagan at pagkilos ng mamamayan. Ang bawat karaniwang
mamamayan, mga manggagawa at magsasaka, mga kabataan,
mga pamilya at kamag-anak ng
mga namatay, mga obispo at taong-simbahan, ilang opisyal ng
gubyerno, maging mga pulis at
militar ay may mahalagang papel
na gagampanan sa pagpapatalsik
sa administrasyon at pagbabago
sa sistema.
Launching of NOYNOY OUT NOW!
March 5, 2015. Arkibong Bayan. Retrieved from http://www.arkibongbayan.
Peoples Council, People Power!. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.
Kadaophils. Aquino Resign: Establish the Peoples Council for
National Unity, Reform and
Peace Retrieved from http://

laro. Malapit nang
mabitag (checkmate) si PNoy.
Panahon na upang paigtingin ang
panawagan, ang
pagkilos tungo sa
tunay, demokratiko at malayang

8 feature

Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015

wenty years ago, Alcantara and Sons

Industrial Corporation (ALSONS), a
British Virgin Island-registered company, applied for massive logging operation in
Talaingod under the Integrated Forest Management Agreement (IMFA).
The area is known for its abundance
in forestry, diverse animals like the Mindanao tarsier and different hornbills, and lands
rich with minerals such as Copper, Gold, Silver, Chromium, Nickel and Iron. The ranges
of mountains have also been home to the
Talain- god Manobos. They have been the
protectors of the land.
Unfortunately, the
arrival of ALSONS
threatened their
lives, grabbing
thousands of
hectares of
land and




i An

l Sid

n by

d i s placing the
Ta l a i n g o d
used their private army and even
some members of the
military to harass and
intimidate the Lumads, distorting their peace and even
causing the lives of many. To
fight back, the tribe protested
and declared a pangayaw (sacred war) to defend their ancestral lands, killing a number of
ALSON guards.
In February 1994, three truckloads of soldiers from the 64th Infantry Battalion attacked the villages that
opposed the IMFA. Soldiers burned down
houses, murdered their livestock, and stole
their harvests. The Lumads were left with no
choice but to leave the mountains and seek
refuge in Davao City for the first time.
The intrusion of ALSONS and other
foreign companies may have posed a threat
to the environment but the lives of the protectors of the mountains of Talaingod have
also been endangeredpeace is seemingly
Since then, Davao City
has become their sanctuary. In 2013,
they returned
to the city

for the second time. Nanay Jolita, one of

the refugees, said that the military set their
camps in the communities as part of Oplan
Bayanihan, the governments counterinsurgency program. The military have always
claimed that they are there to initiate peace
and outreach programs. However, many of
the Lumads refuse to believe so after all the
ruckus that the military caused.
The military accused many of them
to be members of the New Peoples Army
(NPA). Some of them, including women and
children, were even harassed and threatened by the military. For a time in July, classes were suspended as the military had also
set their camps in schools and some of their
houses. She recalled that soldiers invaded
their homes and even stole food. Almost every day, they would also have to go through
indiscriminate shootings initiated by the
military. Oplan Bayanihan has allowed the
invasion of the military, causing havoc to the
to their place when the military
promised to stop operations in
the communities. But, obviously,
this promise was not kept since the
Lumads once again sought for refuge in the city a year later.
Indiscriminate firings, aerial bombings, and encampment
by the 68th Infantry Batallion in
a school in Sitio Nasilaban, Brgy.
Palma Gil around April of last year
have instigated more than a thousand Manobos to leave their lands and head back to
Davao City, hoping that their problems will
again be addressed by Mayor Rodrigo Duterte like what he did when they fought against
When the operations had stopped for a
brief time, they were able to go back to their
houses but only to find out that their kitchen
wares and sacks of rice were missing. Houses, farms, schools and panubaran (indigenous church structures) have been reportedly wrecked. According to post-evacuation
documentations, livestock, seedlings, indigenous planting and harvesting equipment
were looted and stolen by the military men,
disabling the Lumads to recover and work
again after a long time.

Datu Gumbil, a leader of Salugpongan confirmed that the military were already accusing them of supporting the NPA
just by seeing them carrying more than two
kilos of rice. The Datu admittedly recognized
the presence of NPAs who passed by their
barangays but they did not stay, loiter, and
cause nuisance inside the residents houses
the way military men did.
An elderly Manobo woman, Ubunay
Botod Manlaon of Sitio Bagang, was arrested
and forced to serve as a guide for hunting
the NPAs. She was subjected to inhumane
acts of stripping her clothes, feeding her
with scraps, and tying her hands and feet,
leaving her no choice but to urinate and
loose bowel in her pants.
The nuisance also affected the childrens education. Like Arnel, a five-year
old boy who stopped going to school because of great fear, teachers and students
of Salugpongan schools were threatened as forces of
p a r a -

military group, Alamara. There were also

threats of burning a Salugpongan school in
the same month, disregarding the scarceness of schools in the mountains. During
and after classes, bullets fly above the roofs
of the Salugpongan schools.
Just last February 12, elements of the
42nd and 68th Infantry Battalions and Alamara, barged in the houses in Sitio Tingkob,
Brgy. Dagohoy and started interrogating the
residents for half an hour and then taking
away the residents livestock and cavans of
In an interview with Datu Gumbil
during a writers trip, he shared an encounter he had with a government soldier. Why
are you still here? the soldier asked. Arent
we the ones who should be asking that?
Datu Gumbil replied. A few days later, they
had to leave Talaingod once again and go
back to their sanctuary.

They had no choice but to endure
three days of trekking and travelling, which
cost them P1000 per person just to reach
the United Church of Christ of the Philippines (UCCP) in Haran, Davao City. According to Datu Gumbil, they had to trek batch by
batch on dusks or dawn, taking advantage of
the times that the soldiers were asleep. After
almost a month of waiting, 234 individuals in
which 106 were children and 90 were women from 23 sitios spent their nights in improvised houses made of bamboo and trapal
to protect them.
The Talaingod Manobos endured extreme pain, hunger, and grief during their
exodus. Throughout their travel, women
and children were put in harsh situations.
First, on their way down the mountains, a
newborn baby unfortunately died. Second,
a pregnant woman gave birth beside the
highway and third, another woman gave
birth while riding the truck on the way to
Davao. Luckily, two of the latter newborn
babies survived despite the harshness of the
situations they were in. After days of trekking and traveling, 927 of our Lumads took
refuge in UCCP Haran and 515 of which are
children with not enough food to eat, water
to drink and clothes to wear.
As protectors of Talaingod, they have
preserved the beauty and abundance of the
Pantaron range where the Agusan and Pulangi sheds, two of the largest water sheds in
Mindanao lie. But intensified militarization
will continue to disturb their peace in favor
of the interests of those in power. Livelihood, education, and human rights were
imperiled. Many lives were also sacrificed in
this struggle that has been going on for many
years now.
When the Lumads returned to Talaingod earlier this year, there was no assurance that the military will never return and
jeopardize their lives again. However, Datu
Gumbil warned that if the militarization will
still continue, they will be forced to use their
bows and arrows and wage war.


Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015



Reclaiming Bangsamoro land

he Moro people were once under sovereign sultanates before the Spanish colonization.
They already had a political system
patterned from the Malaysian government, wherein the princely territories are federated. But eventually, the ruling power was threatened.
The Spanish invaders attempt to take
over the land began after its accidental discoverywhen they were simply looking for food and spices.
After three oppressive centuries, the defeat of Spain, sealed by
the signing of the Treaty of Paris, still
did not ensure the independence of
Mindanao and Sulu from foreign invaders. In spite of this circumstance,
the Muslim sultanates still appealed
for sovereignty, but were unfortunately rejected.
The Moros took a step farther
from the plains after former President Manuel Quezon ratified the
Commonwealth Act No. 141, declaring all Moro ancestral landholdings as
public lands by 1936. Under this act,
a Moro is only allowed to apply for
a piece of land not exceeding four
while a
entitled to
own up to 24.
Soon, the Moros
became landless and
were deprived of their
ancestral holdings.
By June 1939, Commonwealth Act No. 441 paved
way for another settlement
lawthe National Land Settlement Administration (NLSA). This
law, created due to the population
explosion in Luzon and Visayas, enabled the peasants and workers from
the North to migrate in Mindanao
where they could till land enough
to suffice their needs. However, the
migration and settlement Christians
resulted to the dislocations, dispossession, containment and minoritization of the Moros, thereby making
them strangers in their own lands.
During Marcos regime in late
1960s, the Philippines claim on Sabah was further reinforced by the
government. They trained 180 individuals for warfare, sabotage, and
infiltration. Most of those involved
during the invasion were Moros.
Their participation and sup-

posed patriotism only resulted to

several deaths, and the event which
was then known as Operation Merdaka is now popularly known as the
Jabidah Massacre.
With the goal of
claiming an independent
M o r o
n a tion,
N u r
Mi s u ari
founde d
Liberation Front
(MNLF) in
1971. The establishment
breaka w a y
eventually followed.

then, that armed conflict is

deeply rooted from the struggle for
social justice, and from the Moros
efforts to reclaim what was taken
from them.
During Estradas presidency,
an all-out war was declared
against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). This led
to their attack against several
rebel camps last 2000. In
the crossfire, thousands of
families were, and are still,
displaced; many lives were
disrupted, and properties
were either damaged or lost.
The war has wrecked havoc
in the area leaving those who
survived in fear.
T h e
most recent addition to the already-existing
string of centuries-old conflict
is the Mamasapano bloodbath which
the lives
seve r a l
A c t i o n
Force (SAF)
officers, Moro
rebels, and civilians. The incident was said
to have been organized for the
capture of Zulkifli
Adbdir and Abdul Basit Usman,
foreign terrorists
who were suspected to have
been hiding in
But according
reports from
missions, almost no one
in the village
knew who
these peo
Illustration by Vanessa Homez

ple were.
Interestingly, Mamasapano is
the best entry point to the Liguasan
marsh, which holds oil and mineral
reserves that value over billions of
dollars. Last 2008, American oil engineers were reported to have been
exploring the marsh. Moreover, several reports testify the involvement
of the US troops in the encounter.
It is now clear that one of the
hindrances in the pursuit for peace is
foreign interest towards the natural
resources of Mindanao which may
be perpetuated through the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL).
According to Amirah Lidasan,
president of the militant Moro group
Suara Bangsamoro (SB), the BBL will
still not give the Moro people
control over the natural resources. They added that the
national government still continues to sell natural resources to foreign-owned companies which do
not benefit the Moro people. This has
made ARMM, along with other wartorn regions, one of the poorest in
the country. The BBL therefore, may
not alleviate the problem of poverty
and may perhaps worsen the already
problematic condition of the state.
This has clearly led to a war
grown in soil painted red by bloodshed and heavy state injustice. This
is clearly not a fight between one
religion and another, but a struggle
for social justice and mutual respect.
This is the story of people who have
long wanted to reclaim what was
born from their majestic past. To
understand and comprehend Moro
struggle would entail stretching out
the patience to look into every battle
they had faced, unwritten in most of
our history books. The recent bloodbath is only a small chapter of the
long and unknown story in which
centuries of warfare hide and lie, unread.



a pagdiriwang ng ikadalawampung taong anibersaryo

ng unibersidad, taas-kamao
rin ang ating pagpupugay sa mahigit
dalawang dekada ng militante at sama-samang pagkilos ng mga mag-aaral
ng UP Mindanao.
Nakaukit na sa kasaysayan ng mga
estudyante ng UP ang walang takot na
pagharap sa mga isyu sa loob at maging sa labas ng pamantasan. Bilang isa
sa mga pinakabatang kampus ng UP, pinatunayan natin na hindi madidikta ng
bilang ng taon ang pagtanggap at pagtugon natin sa mga hamon ng lipunan.
Noong 1999, inorganisa ng University Student Council (USC) ang
kauna-unahang protesta sa loob ng
unibersidad. Ito ay dala ng kontra-Pilipinong Charter Change ni dating Pangulong Joseph Estrada na kung saan
pinapaigting ang pagmamay-ari ng mga
dayuhan sa lupa, pampublikong serbisyo, atbp. Nakilahok ang 100 na mga
estudyante sa makasaysayang effigy
burning sa university lawn sa Kanluran.
Dito natin unang binigkas nang sabay-sabay at isinabuhay ang mga katagang UP, Tunay, Palaban, Makabayan.
Mula noon, mas pinatibay natin
ang ating hanay sa pagharap sa mga
hamon ng panahon. Hindi natin hinayaang mabusalan ang ating mga
bibig, bagkus, mas kinilala natin ang
naiatas na tungkulin bilang mga Iskolar
ng Bayan.
Bukod sa pag-mobilisa at pagprotesta, pinalago rin natin ang kaalaman at pagtatasa sa lipunan sa
pamamagitan ng mga inorganisang
pagpupulong at talakayan ng USC at
ibang mga organisasyon.
Noong 2001, mahigit 400 na mga
estudyante ang lumabas sa kanilang
mga klase upang makilahok sa isa sa
mga pinakamalaking pagprotesta sa
rehimeng Estradaang rehimen na
nagdeklara ng all-out war sa Mindanao. Maituturing ding makasaysayan ang
bilang na ito sapagkat nasa 600 lamang
ang populasyon ng UPMin sa panahong
Hindi natin pinalampas ang lingkag na rehimeng Estrada pati na rin ang
mga sumunod na mga administrasyon
nina Arroyo at Aquino na parehong kurap at kontra-masa. Hindi tayo nagpatinag sa maliit na bilang ng mga estudyante at isang oras na biyahe patungong
Roxas Avenue kung saan kadalasan
nagsisimula ang pagmartsa.
Sabay-sabay din nating tinutulan ang 300-porsyentong pagtaas ng

Hibla ng kasaysayan
Dibuho ni Maria Lou Pasilan

matrikula sa UP bunsod ng mga reporma ng mapanlinlang at mapanupil na

STFAP noong 2007. Nilabanan natin
ang taun-taong pagkaltas ng badyet sa
edukasyon at iba pang batayang serbisyo.
Halos buwan-buwan din ang mga
walkout mula 2010 hanggang 2011 para
iprotesta ang pagkaltas ng badyet ng rehimeng Aquino sa mga state universities at colleges. Nanindigan tayo sa mga
panahong unti-unting nang nawawala
ang makamasang katangian ng UP.
Hanggang ngayon, patuloy tayong
kumikilos at lumalaban para sa dekalidad at libreng edukasyon hindi lamang sa UP kundi maging sa lahat ng
paaralan dahil naniniwala tayo na ang
edukasyon kailanman ay hindi lamang
para sa iilan kundi ito ay para sa lahat.
Sinusulong natin sa bawat martsa
at pagprotesta ang mga karapatan hindi

Khurshid Kalabud Jr.


Charlotte Dominique Cubero


Noemi Lynne Visto


Sancia Palma

Nicole Joyce Mangaoang

Nur Jannah Kaalim

Kenneth Paulo Senarillos

Marga Immaculate Mangao
Kent John Babiera



Paulo Rizal
John Gilford Doquila

A.Y. 2014-2015

Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015




lamang ng mga estudyante kundi maging ang mga karapatan ng mga magsasaka, manggagawa, mga Lumad, at lahat
ng masang api. Ating tatandaan na hindi
magkahiwalay ang problema ng bansa
sa problema sa loob ng paaralan. Lagi
nating isaisip na itong lahat ay nakaugat
sa klase ng lipunan na meron tayoang
klase ng lipunan na pumapanig sa mga
naghaharing uri.
Minsan nang nabanggit ng dating
USC Chairperson na si Rendell Ryan
Cagula na bilang isang pamilya, sama-sama nating supilin ang pang-aapi
sa kapwa at mas palawakin pa ang pamilyang pinag-isa ng pakikibaka.
Hinubog tayo ng pakikibakang
pinagtibay ng sama-samang pagkilos
upang iwaksi ang mapang-api at naghaharing uri at isulong ang karapatan ng
bawat mamamayan.
Sa nakalipas na dalawang dekada

Mary Nove Patangan

Monique Amethyst Kapunan
Monique Carillo
Rizia Jahziel Perez
Rovie Ain Arienza

Meagan Wenceslao
Rene Cajoles Jr.
Sofia Eleanor Ramirez

ay napantunayan ng bawat Iskolar ng

Bayan sa UP Mindanao na ang kolektibong pagkilos ang siyang nagsulong at
susulong sa karapatan ng mamamayan
at ito ay hindi kailanman matitinag.
Sa susunod na mga dekada ay higit pa nating pagtitibayin ang hanay ng
mga estudyanteng tunay na nagsisilbi
sa bayan at lumalaban para sa isang
malayang lipunan.
Hanggat may estudyanteng hindi nakakapag-aral dahil sa pagtaas ng
matrikula, Pilipino na kailangang mangibang bansa dahil sa kawalan ng trabaho, Lumad na pinapaalis sa sariling
pamamahay at iba pang uri ng karahasan at pagyurak sa pantaong karapatan, magpapatuloy ang pakikibaka.
Ito na ang panahon ng pagbabalikwas. Ito na ang panahon ng paglikha ng

Al Sidi Angelo
Jesse Lois Israel
Maria Louisa Pasilan
Vanessa Joy Homez


University of the Philippines

Systemwide Alliance of Student
Publications and Writers
Organizations (UP Solidaridad),
Himati House, Kalimudan Street,
College Editors Guild of
University of the Philippines Mindanao, the Philippines (CEGP)
Sito Basak, Mintal, Davao City



Himati Vol. XVIII Issue 2 February to May 2015


The real role of Journalism

ll throughout history, there

have been several debates
on what should be the role of
journalism. The most notable and
perhaps the beginning of all debates
to follow was the one between writer
Walt Lipmann and philosopher John
Dewey in the 1920s. Lipmann argued
that the press must act as the mediator between the elite and the masses,
Dewey thought that the press must
consciously help in shaping opinion.
In a nutshell, Lipmann thought
that the common men were too absorbed in their own everyday struggles and were not in the best position
to understand the complicated affairs
of public policies created by the governing elite, so a journalists job was
to filter all of these and package it
into a format that the masses could
easily consume. Conversely, this also
allowed the public to scrutinize the
elites government because their reelection depended on the vote of the
masses. Lipmanns framework left all
of the decision making to the elites
and the public could only accept the
outcomes until election, where they
could act using their votes.
In contrast, Dewey not only had
more faith in the publics capacity to
comprehend public policies and act
on their, he also said that the public
must be involved in the whole decision making themselves because they

were the ones to be affected the most

of the outcomes. To Dewey, the best
ideas were the ones that came about
after vigorous debates. He also argued
that instead of acting as mere vessels
of information, journalists should
also be able to assess the pros and
cons of every policy as part of their
mandate. Needless to say, Lipmanns
idea was more palatable to the government, but Deweys framework
not only afforded more dignity to the
masses, it also established the presss
important role as shapers of opinion.
Regardless of which definition
one would subscribe to, it is undeniable that the role of the press is a
crucial one in any democracy. It is regarded as the fourth estate because it
acts as the publics eye; the watchdog
that keeps the executive, legislative,
and judiciary in check. But as noble as
the profession may be, it comes with
a catch: journalists must wrestle not
only with their own internal biases,
they must also get paid.

Journalists, especially in the
mainstream media are part of media conglomerates that seek to gain
profit more than anything else. The
respective editors will do what they
can to uphold the standards of journalism, but they must also be able to
rake in profit, for as in any business
model; the non-performing assets
get slashed, the unsold goods are dis-

continued and left to rot.

GMA-7s mass layoff of its
regional media workers is the most
glaring example of this problematic
framework. As noble as journalism
stands on paper, journalists continue
to be expendable pawns that can be
discarded anytime they should fail
to meet certain demands. This is the
reason why ethical standards continue to be bent, even ignored (it would
probably be an injustice to not mention the fact that GMA-7 as a network
is not policed by the KBP, the network
left the organization in 2003).
This appalling treatment of our
journalists shows the callousness not
only of the business executives (who
in one swoop of their hands jeopardized the future of their loyal employees including those who have
been working with the station for
decades), but also of the system that
puts the lives and dignities of the 99%
in the hands of the 1%.
If, Lipmann and Dewey were
alive today, they would have felt
abashed upon discovering that they
were both wrong in their definitions
of journalism. The press is now neither reporters of information or conscious watchdogs that help shape
opinion; ithas been reduced to mere
business investments.




Tuition hikes...
fee increases (TFI) is the demand for
higher wages for teachers. However,
he stressed that with regard to financial stability of private schools, the
money collected from tuition and
other school fees can already recuperate the expenses of the workers
and teachers.
He added that although the percentage of TFIs every year is relatively
small, the money collected from each
of the 35 HEIs in SMR alone can already meet the proposed salary increase for teachers.
There is an estimated P150-P200
increase in tuition fee per unit or
P3,150 to P4,200 every semester. A
college student on the average must
pay P20, 000 to P40, 000 per semester for tuition alone, Genotiva added.
Recently, CHED has already approved the applications for tuition
and other school fees increases of
more than 280 schools nationwide.

University Library...
magkaroon ng compromise agreement ang dalawang panig.
Kabilang ang De Los Santos sa
mga naunang pamilyang magsasaka
na nanirahan sa 204-ektaryang lupa
ng UP Mindanao bilang manggagawa ng Bago Oshiro Plantation noong
panahon ng Hapon.
Sa pagpasa ng Proclamation no.
822 ay nalipat na ang pagmamay-ari
ng lupa sa unibersidad.


ko ba mamahalin ang taong

2 Bakit
hindi ko naman mahal? Niloloko ko
lang siya at ang sarili ko.

mga lider ng mga studyante. Naway

magsilbi sila na mga boses at lakas ng
buong student body.

It might be time na piliin mong maAbi nako Anak Upmin ang

halin ang sarili mo. Maybe you have
1 Shocked.
invested too much time on someone,
The results were satisfactory.
ko ang mahal ako. Kasi alam
and you forgot about investing time
2 Pipiliin
kong matutunan ko rin syang mato yourself.
ba if i say na iisang tao lang yung
2 Valid
halin. Atlis, lab na nya ako in da pers
mahal ko at ang nagmamahal sa akin?
place. Ako nlg ang kulang


Satisfied ako sa results. I think the

elected USC peeps deserve their


Sanay gampanan ng mga bagong
1 nailuklok
sa posisyon ang kani

kanilang mga responsibilidad bilang

ako. Minsan lang darating ang
2 Mahal
taong magmamahal sayo. Kaya gora
Mabuhay ang mga Iskolar ng Bayan!

na bhe!

Anong masasabi
mo sa nakaraang

Sino ang pipiliin

mo: Mahal mo o
Mahal ka?

Graphics by Kenneth Paul Senarillos


EST. 1996





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