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Feedforward Loop Control

Posted on November 10, 2008 by novakurniawan
A Common Mistake or Missunderstanding

Many experience people taught me about feedforward control was figure out on above loop arrangement picture. They simply explained
feedforward means the sensor or transmitter was installed on the upstream of process and the control valve was installed on the downstream
of process. I am worry that many experience people have been spreading this missunderstanding to many young professional in Indonesia
My Boss said no body perfect in instrumentation and control because this technology always change and change. For those who
academically close their eyes about the changing of technology they would run behind, getting tired, and getting down.
Re-arrange the Missuderstanding
Continuous Process Control-Practical Guides for Measurement and Control (ISA), P.G. Friedman & T.P. Stoltenberg mentioned
Feedforward control attempts to sense the disturbance and take compensating action before disturbance has an affect on variable controlled
by a feedback loop. Harold L. Wade in Regulatory and Advanced Regulatory Control: System Development (ISA) mentioned that the
objective of feedforward control is to drive the controlling device from a measurement of the disturbance that is affecting the process, rather
than the process variable it self. My friend Nugroho Wibisono (ConocoPhillips) also clearly explained in
id-instrumentation@yahoogroups.com mailing list that feedforward is a loop to compensate disturbances.
If we refer to above loop the PT is process variable, PIC is pressure control, and PCV is manipulated variable. That loop is main loop with
purpose to control the process variable which is PT. PT is not a disturbance being measured. But the PT is controlled variable itself. What is
the disturbance? It is not found on the above loop. So It is nothing to do with feedforward control if we want to refer to the paper or article
of the ISA.
I am trying to understand feedforward control base on below loop diagram.

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Feedforward Loop Control Automentation Community



Di atas adalah skematik process pemanasan fuel gas (hitam) dengan menggunakan prinsip pertukaran kalor dari hot oil (biru). Fuel gas yang
hendak dikontrol adalah temperature TT keluaran proses (hitam). Jika tidak ada gangguan maka simple feedback control loop TT-TIC-CV
yang mana Control Valve mengatur hot oil (biru). Temperature fuel gas diatur dengan me-regulate hot oil yang masuk ke dalam heat
exchanger. Apabila temperature fuel gas turun maka hot oil supply diperbanyak, apabila temperature fuel gas naik maka hot oil supply
diperkecil. Ketila valve yang digunakan adalah fail close maka control actionnya pasti adalah Reverse Action. Akan tetapi ketika
terjadi gangguan dari ketidak stabilan flow baik flow inlet dari hot oil (biru) dan atau flow inlet fuel gas (hitam) maka akan menyebabkan
set-point TT sulit mencapai set-point dan stabil. Oleh karenanya flow hot oil dan flow inlet fuel gas harus dipandang sebagai gangguan dan
perlu dikontrol. Flow hot (biru) oil dijadikan sebagai slave untuk cascade control dan flow inlet fuel gas (hitam) diterapkan sebagai
feedforward control dengan masing-masing ditempatkan flow transmitter untuk mengatur flownya.
Cascade control loop dibahas ditopik lainnya. Sedangkan di topik ini dibahas feedforward untuk mengumpan keluaran TIC sebelum menjadi
set-point untuk cascade. Tidak mudah memang untuk menentukan faktor pengali yang akan menjadi rasio antara keluaran TIC yang
merupakan nilai aksi kontrol yang diingingkan pada slave dengan fuel gas flow inlet untuk mengantisapi sistem kontrol terlebih dahulu agar
ngeh duluan bahwa fuel gasnya ada gangguan. Kalau sistem tidak di ngeh kan dulu maka fuel gas akan masuk sistem dan mengganggu
TT. Faktor pengali itu akan dipergunakan sebagai pengali manipulated variable dari TIC yang akan menjadi Set-Point bagi FIC untuk
mengatur control valve. Set-point itu yang akan menentukan berapa flow hot oil yang harus masuk ke sistem.
Jadi peran FT black pada sistem di atas adalah sebagai feedforward control yang akan memberikan kompensasi kepada sistem kontrol
sebelum flow itu mengalir dan berefek pada temperature keluaran. Sangat tidak biasa ditemukan feedforward bekerja sebagai loop berdiri
sendiri. Karena sudah merupakan definisi dari feedforward untuk memberikan kompensasi gangguan kepada Main Loop sebelum gangguan
itu mengganggu process variable (controlled variable).
This article is open for any comments and disagreements.
Nova Kurniawan
Sarjana Fisika Teknik ITB, bekerja di J Ray McDermott Batam-Indonesia
Filed under: Engineering
Control Action Fail Action Production Separator Control System

2 Responses

Alexwebmaster, on March 3rd, 2009 at 11:19 am Said:

Hello webmaster
I would like to share with you a link to your site
write me here preonrelt@mail.ru
novakurniawan, on March 4th, 2009 at 12:11 am Said:

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Please feel free sir.


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