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Online Banking and IOLTA | Oregon Law Practice Management

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Oregon Law Practice

Practice Management Tips for Oregon Lawyers

Online Banking and IOLTA

Posted on 04/13/2015
Electronic banking has become the preferred means of receiving, disbursing,
and transferring funds for many firms. Depositing or writing checks has
disappeared, much like the practice of sending letters.
Yet, there are lingering concerns.
Despite what some believe, there has never been an ethical prohibition against
moving funds online. The devil is in the details. Bank confirmations alone do not
generate a sufficiently clear audit trial of whose money was transferred and for
what purpose. Failing to document these additional details can lead to trust
accounting errors among them, duplicate transfers. If you withdraw funds
online and dont record the transfer, you may not remember it. If you dont
remember the transfer, you may take the funds again, believing you are paying
yourself for the first time. Eventually this practice results in overdrawing the trust
The workaround is to create a procedure that captures the following details:
Date and time of transfer
Amount of funds transferred
Reason for transfer
Name or signature of lawyer authorizing transfer



Online Banking and IOLTA | Oregon Law Practice Management

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Client and/or matter ID

The reason for transfer should be tied to proper documentation. Examples
include a receipt for an eFiling fee advanced by the firm or the firms invoice if
the transfer is in payment of a monthly billing. The reason for transfer should be
as specific and complete as possible.
Funds should never be transferred by law firm staff on a lawyers verbal say-so.
Always obtain written authorization in some form an email confirmation or
signature/initials on a request form. In a law firm, access to the trust account
should be restricted, based on a reasonable separation of accounting duties
designed to prevent theft. Additionally, if trust accounting is delegated to staff,
lawyers must provide proper supervision. See In re Strader, 27 DB Rptr 219
(2013) (stipulated suspension for failure to supervise an office manager who
embezzled nearly $500,000 from the lawyers trust account).
If your firm has a multi-jurisdictional practice, ensure that trust accounting
procedures meet the strictest applicable standard. For example, the Washington
Rules of Professional Conduct (Washington RPC) prohibit nonlawyers from
signing trust account checks: Only a lawyer admitted to practice law may be an
authorized signatory on the account. (Washington RPC 1.15A(h)(9)). By
reasonable extension, nonlawyers would not be permitted to disburse funds
electronically. Also of note is Washington RPC 1.15A(h)(5) which provides All
withdrawals must be made only to a named payee and not to cash. Withdrawals
must be made by check or by electronic transfer. (i.e., withdrawing funds via
telephone transfer is prohibited.)
All Rights Reserved [2015] Beverly Michaelis





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