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Pipeline Anchor Block Design

SHJ-BMS-EN-VSS-C-1748 0

Spread Sheet
CALCULATIONS FOR DESIGN OF PIPELINE ANCHOR BLOCK

Petrofac E&C Business Management System


Doc No.

SHJ-BMS-EN-VSS-C-1748

Revision

Date

11-Oct-06

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/272818715.xls
1. Front / Page 1 of 12

Pipeline Anchor Block Design

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/272818715.xls
1. Front / Page 2 of 12

SHJ-BMS-EN-VSS-C-1748 0

Two way slab design

SHJ-BMS-EN-VSS-C-1752 A

Revision history
Rev

Date

11-Oct-06

Description of Change
Approved

Approval Authority: (Enter Role Title)


Owner

Developer

Reviewer

Approver

Indrajit chowdhury

Sanjeev Garde

Anil B Alwe

Indrajit Chowdhury

Records of approval are retained in the BMS/Quality Department

Summary
Anchor block is checked for its stability due to longitudinal pipeline anchor force. It is
assummed that center line of anchor block matches with centerline elevation of pipeline.

CONTENT
WorkSheet
1
Front Page
2
Control Page
3
Content

file:///var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_2/272818715.xls
2. Control / Page 3 of 12

CALCULATIONS FOR DESIGN OF PIPELINE ANCHOR BLOCK


ANCHOR BLOCK MARKED : AB1

Page 1 of

10/11/2006

SG

ABA

IC

FOR APPROVAL

REV

DATE

PPD BY

CHKD
BY

APPD
BY

DESCRIPTION

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Design of Anchor Block for Underground Pipeline


Input Details :
Size of Pipeline

= 42.00 " dia

1.0922 m

Weight of Soil = 18.00 KN/m3


Angle of Int friction of soil

= 24.50 degrees

Cohesion : = 31.25 KN/m2

Geotech report

Adhesion factor : a =

0.65
Foundation Analysis & Design
By J E Bowles

Depth of soil above top of pipeline =

2.00 m

As water table is very low, hence effect of buoyancy is not applicable in design
Anchor Force =

5250

KN

L
B

ANCHOR BLOCK

Ground Level

Ptop
Active Earth Pressure

d=

0.67 m

H=

3.75

Passive Earth Pressure

Dir of Anchor force

Pa1

Pp1

Pa2

Pp2

Pbottom
Ka H

Ka d

Kp d

Kp H

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PRESSURE DIAGRAM

Anchor Block Details :


Length

: L =

12.00

Breadth

: B =

2.75

Depth

: H =

3.75

Grade of concrete :

35

N/mm2

Grade of Steel

390

N/mm2

Density of Concrete :

Earth pressure area of block =

44.06

m2

Base area of block

33.00

m2

Side wall area of block

20.63

m2

25

KN/m3

TAN (45o-/2) = 0.643


TAN (45o+/2) = 1.555

Calculations for stability :


Stability of Anchor block is maintained by bringing the system under equilibrium with respct
to externally applied force acting on Anchor block from pipeline, balanced by passive earth
Pressure and surface friction.

=
2

Coefficient of active earth pressure : Ka =


(static)

TAN 2 45

Coefficient of passive earth pressure : Kp =


(static)

TAN 45+

Coefficient of at rest earth pressure : Ko = 1-sin


(static)

)
)

0.4137

2.4170

= 0.585

Active Earth Pressure : Pa1 =

( K a d 2 c K a )

= -21.1331

KN/m2

Pa2 =

( K a H 2 c K a)

KN/m2

1.796

Pa = -9.66844 KN/m2
Passive Earth Pressure Pp1 =

( K p d+2c K p)

( K p H +2c K p )

= 92.3557

KN/m2

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Pp2 =

( K p H +2c K p )

Pp =

P p1+P p2
0.65
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= 226.307

of

KN/m2
Only 65% of total

Pp = 103.565 KN/m2

Active Earth pressure force = Pa * effective area of block = -426.021 KN

KN

Neglecting due
to tension

Passive Earth Pressure force = Pp * effective area of block = 4563.41 KN

= TAN-1 (0.65*TAN)

TAN =

Ptop = *d*(TAN)+Ca)*B*L

0.296

Geotech report

788.40 KN

Foundation Analysis
By J E Bowles

Pbottom = *d+c*H)*(TAN)+Ca)*B*L = 1704.83 KN


considering the side wall earth pressure at rest condition for side friction calculation
At rest earth pressure :
Po1 =

( K o d +2c K o )

38.15

KN/m2

Po2 =

( K o H +2 c K o )

70.59

KN/m2

Po =

Psides

54.37 KN/m2

= 2*(0.5)*(Po*H*(TAN)+Ca)*H*B

832.30

KN

Considered only 50%


Conservative design

P =
Factor of Safety

7888.94 KN
= 1.5027

> 1.5 Hence Safe

Check for Bearing Pressure


Weight of soil above Block W s =
Weight of Anchor Block

W AB =

398.63 KN
3029 KN

Volume = 121.17 m3

H
H

M =( F anch H2 )( PtopH )( Psides H3 ) ( P p )( 2d+


d+H ) 3

M=

723.2531 KN-m

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Soil Bearing Pressure :max = 151.70 KN/m2


Allowable Bearing Pressure :
min =

200 KN/m2
56.06 KN/m2

> Actual pressure

Safe, Hence OK

No tension, hence AB is safe

Reinforcement
Providing Nominal reinforcement in biaxial direction at faces = T16 @ 200 c/c

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