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The Philippines is a Southeast Asian country in the Western Pacific, comprising more than 7,000 islands.

Its sprawling capital,


Manila, is famous for its waterfront promenade and centuries-old Chinatown. Intramuros, a walled city in colonial times, is the heart of
Old Manila. Its home to the baroque 16th-century San Agustin Church as well as Fort Santiago, a storied citadel and military prison.

Regions first came to existence in on September 24, 1972 when the provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions
by Presidential Decree No. 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.
Since that time, other regions have been created and some provinces have been transferred from one region to another.

July 7, 1975: Region XII created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions.[1]

July 25, 1975: Regions IX and XII declared as Autonomous Regions in Western and Central Mindanao respectively. [2]

August 21, 1975: Region IX divided into Sub-Region IX-A and Sub-Region IX-B. Minor reorganization of some
Mindanao regions.[3]

November 7, 1975: Metropolitan Manila (National Capital Region) created. [4]

July 15, 1987: Cordillera Administrative Region created. [5]

August 1, 1989: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) created. [6] Region XII reverted to an administrative
region.
October 23, 1989: First creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region. [7] Ratification rejected by residents in a plebiscite.

October 12, 1990: Executive Order 429 issued by President Corazon Aquino to reorganize the Mindanao regions but
the reorganization never happened (possibly due to lack of government funds). [8]

February 23, 1995: Region XIII (Caraga) created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions. Sultan
Kudarat transferred to Region XI.[9]

1997: Minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions.


December 22, 1997: Second creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region. [10] Ratification again rejected by residents in a
plebiscite.

December 18, 1998: Sultan Kudarat returned to Region XIII. [11]

March 31, 2001: ARMM expanded.[12]

September 19, 2001: Most Mindanao regions reorganized and some renamed. [13]

May 17, 2002: Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) created from the former Region IV
(Southern Tagalog) region. Aurora transferred to Region III.[14]

May 23, 2005: Palawan transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI; MIMAROPA renamed to MIMARO.[15]

Augut 19, 2005: Transfer of Palawan to Region VI held in abeyance. [16]

May 29, 2015: Negros Island Region (NIR) created. Negros Occidental and Bacolod from Region VI and Negros
Oriental from Region VII transferred to new region.[17]

National Capital Region

Luzon

Manila

Luzon

Baguio

Luzon

San Fernando(La Union)

Luzon

Tuguegarao

Luzon

San Fernando(Pampanga)

Luzon

Calamba

Luzon

Calapan

Luzon

Legazpi

Visayas

Iloilo City

Visayas

Cebu City

Visayas

Tacloban

Visayas

to be designated[23]

Mindanao

Pagadian

Mindanao

Cagayan de Oro

Mindanao

Davao City

Mindanao

Koronadal

Mindanao

Butuan

(NCR)

Cordillera AdministrativeRegion
(CAR)

Ilocos Region
(Region I)

Cagayan Valley
(Region II)

Central Luzon
(Region III)

CALABARZON
(Region IV-A)

MIMAROPA
(Region IV-B)

Bicol Region
(Region V)

Western Visayas
(Region VI)

Central Visayas
(Region VII)

Eastern Visayas
(Region VIII)

Negros Island Region


(NIR)

Zamboanga Peninsula
(Region IX)

Northern Mindanao
(Region X)

Davao Region
(Region XI)

SOCCSKSARGEN
(Region XII)

Caraga
(Region XIII)

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Mindanao

Cotabato City

(ARMM)

The tourism industry is recognized by the government as an important contributor to the


generation of foreign exchange earnings, investments, revenue, employment and to the growth
of the countrys output. The inclusion of tourism as a major pillar in the Medium Term Philippine
Development Plan (MTPDP) has given priority to the tourism sector by promoting the Philippines
as a premier tourist destination and investment site. If developed in a sustainable manner,
indeed it can be a powerful economic growth engine for the country. It deserves to be a top
priority for national development because of the following reasons:

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