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DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

BT 151 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 1

4 Credits

Pre-requisite

History of Construction-materials, elements and building methods,


Materials of Construction- timber, blocks, bricks, stones, mortars and bonding.
Constituents and types of concrete- mass, reinforced in-situ and precast. Timber
utilisation- hardwoods and softwoods- introduction to timber technology and potential for
local resource development.
Metals rolled steel sections; angles channels, standard steel joists and columns, box and
special sections; lightweight pressings aluminium extruded sections and fabrication.
Plastics current and future developments leading to change in uses of materials.
BT 152 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 2
4 Credits Pre-requisite
Elements of building: Substructure foundations and function; characteristics and nature
of subsoils, bearing pressures, subsidence and movement. Groundfloors and termites
control, dam and suspended floors
Superstructure: Walls- structural and non structural; stability and thickness; pier
construction.
Wall openings, windows, doors and other types. Upper floors-characteristics, types,
economic spans, inputs and suspended floors. Staircase-types and function; timber, steel,
concrete; composite construction. Roofs-pitched, flat, curved and eccentric forms;
insulation and humidity.
Typical construction details: substructure and superstructure.
BT 153 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS 1
2 Credits Pre-requisite
Fundamental concepts and analysis of stress, strain and elastic modulus, direct and shear
stresses. Elastic and plastic behaviour of common building materials including ductile
and brittle materials. Modulus rigidity, lateral strain, poisson effect and volumetric strain.
Temperature stresses in simple and composite members. Vector algebra including
addition, subtraction, and multiplication by scalar quantities, scalar and vector products.
BT 154 THEORY OF STRUCTURES 1 2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Statics of rigid bodies with emphasis on equilibrium and coplanar force systems.
Analytical and graphical methods for determining the resultants of concurrent and non
concurrent force systems. Extension of equilibrium studies to determination of internal
forces in the members of statically determinate structures. Representation of simple
structural systems by free body diagrams. Introduction to the principal forces in beams.

BT 155 HISTORY OF CULTURES 1


2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Introduction to some major world cultures. The mode of life of the people, their works of
art, architecture and planning. Discoveries and inventions are described. Students are
shown how to recognise a period of artefacts, and how to discuss the way people life
from available data. Specific topics include: old stone age, new stone age; Sumerian;
Egyptian; Greek; Roman; Early Christian; Byzantine; Islamic and African.
BT 156 HISTORY OF CULTURES 2
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Specific topics covered include: Early Middle ages; late middles ages; age of discovery:
industrial revolution: nineteenth century; todays world, world technology; Chinese;
Japanese; Hindu; Latin America.
BT 157 ECONOMICS 1
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Basic economic principles; economic systems and the functioning of the economics,
production and income, allocation of resources and price theorems, the firm and the
market structure, money banking, international trade and public finance.
BT 158 ECONOMICS 2
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Economics of the construction industry: the construction industry and the national
economy, the development of the construction industry, the construction industry and its
structure, optimisation and development. Construction cost, price and value, legislation
and central sources of finance.
BT 159 COUSRSEWORK/WORKSHOP PRACTICE 1 2 Credits Pre-requisite
Introduction to materials and materials handling example timber types, selection,
seasoning and storage techniques. Fundamentals of wood work including introduction to
tools and equipment and the rudiments of carpentry and joinery example sawing and
planning exercise and jointing techniques.
BT 160 COURSEWORKS/LABORATORY PRACTICE 1 Credit Pre-requisite
Introduction to concrete and masonry materials, materials sampling for laboratory testing,
sieve analysis to determine the gradation of aggregates, bulking and silt test, slump and
cube test and tensile strength testing of steel.
BT 161 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 1
1 Credit
Pre-requisite
Environmental control: climate and weather. Elements/Factors determining the climate of
a region. Climatology. Thermal requirements of the human body. Metabolism and body
heat transfer. Zones of thermal comfort. Physiological principles applied to the human
comfort effect from heat exposure. Industrial thermal environmental analysis of

traditional house types in the hot, dry and the warm humid regions. Design for comfort,
sitting of buildings.
BT 162 ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 2
1 Credit
Pre-requisite
Lighting design: visible radiation. Mechanics of seeing, accommodation and adaptation,
illumination and brightness, requirements of good lighting.
Design of acoustic environment: nature of sound, sound propagation, wave length, etc
Behaviour of sound, sound reflection and defraction, basic physiology and psychology of
hearing.
BT 163 GRAPHIC COMMUNICATION 1
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
A coursework-studio exercises
Programme 1: model making and three dimensional exercises
Programme 2: draughtsmanship. Introduction to drawing tools. Techniques of lettering,
basic graphic communication
Programme 3:orthographic projections and sections related to programme 1.
Programme 4: axonometric projections and sections of programme 1
Programme 5: isometric projections and sections of programme 1.
BT 164 GRAPHIC COMMUNICATION 2
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Programme1: structural modelling and construction demonstration including selections,
design and construction of a simple engineering structure to perform a specified function;
measured drawings.
Programme 2: perspective sketch techniques; measured drawings of typical building
types.
Programme 3: working drawings and detailing. Systems of presentation; production
drawings and communication techniques i.e. from a designer to a building team.
BT 166 EXPERIMENTAL METHODS
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Metrology of building: physical measurement, methods of error estimation and reduction.
History of field measurement, standards, techniques and degrees of accuracy. Traditional
methods of measurement.
Material science: atomic structure, state of aggregation, elasticity and plasticity.
Relationship of mechanical testing to the design of engineering structures. Viscosity and
visco- elasticity. High polymers and polymerisation process. Properties of materialsvolume, weight, density, specific gravity. Heat transmission, effect of heat on engineering
materials.
AS 151 AFRICAN STUDIES
To come from the Social Sciences.

2 Credits

Pre-requisite

AS 152 AFRICAN STUDIES


To come from the Social Sciences

2 Credits

Pre-requisite

BT 259 LAND SURVEYING 1


3 Credits
Pre-requisite
Chain surveying, spirit levelling. Longitudinal cross sections. Contouring from spot
height. Compass traversing. Simple plane coordinate calculation. Simple area and volume
calculation. Measurement of theodolite horizontal and vertical angles. Introduction to
plane tabling. Setting out buildings, gradients, slope stakes and ordinary circular curves.
BT 263 STATISTICS 1
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Pictorial representation of statistical data. Frequency distributions, measures of centrality
and dispersion. Elementary probability theory, Binomial, Poisson and normal
distributions. Methods of sampling, estimation and inference.
BT 264 STATISTICS 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Tests for significance including the t, x2 and F distributions, confidence limits.
Regression and correlation. Simple analysis of variance. Design of engineering
experiments.
BT 251 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 3 2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Working drawings and specifications principles and purpose.
Setting out buildings. Soil mechanics and foundations: significance of soils to building
and construction, physical and strength properties of soils, site investigations, elements of
road design. Foundations.
Materials of construction: types- concrete, steel, timber and plastics, physical and
mechanical properties, constructional properties with emphasis on timber and plastics.
BT 271 COUSREWORK-CONSTRUCTION 1
1 Credit
Pre-requisite
Working drawing and schedules of specifications of buildings, measurement, drawing
specification writing, scheduling of components.
Setting out of buildings using the above mentioned drawings
Soil mechanics and foundations: site investigation, soil testing, foundation and road
design.
BT 252 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 4
2 Credits
Pre-requisite
Solid, skeleton and band surface construction-types and elements. Construction of some
timber structures, stud frame, portal frame, HB construction, shell and folded plates
includes plywood and glue, laminated construction walls. Roof construction, finishes to
walls, floors and ceiling. Prefabrication and industrialisation in construction.

BT 272 COURSEWORK-CONSTRUCTION 2
1 Credit
Pre-requisite
Timber frame structures: framing arrangement design and ceiling of frames and cladding,
roof truss selection , arrangement and detailing.
Timber jointing, documentation and study of merits and demerits of timber joints.
Modelling in Timber: Model construction of the above store.
BT 253: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Behaviour of deformable bodies in tension, compression, shear and torsion. Stress
Analysis of stresses in thin-walled pressure vessels. Biaxial tension and compression.
Determination of biaxial stresses using Mohrs circles. Properties of plane sections:
centroids moments of areas, and products of inertia. Analysis of stresses in beams.
Strength theories.
BT 273 COURSEWORK-STRUCTURES 1
1 Credit
pre-requisite
Retaining walls. Design of retaining wall, proportioning of cantilever reinforced concrete
retaining wall.
Masonry Walls: Stresses, proportioning, design checks.
Timber Joints and Beams: Selection, proportioning and design checks.
BT 254 THEORY OF STRUCTURES 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Elastic deflection of beams, differential equation of the elastic curve, evaluation of
parameters of the elastic curve using Double Integration method, Moment Area method
and the Method of Superposition. Energy Method, Strain Energy in Tension,
Compression, Bending and Torsion, Principle of Virtual Work, Castigliano Theorems.
Influence Lines. Introduction to the theorem of Three Moments. Elastic buckling of
simple prismatic members. Introduction to Plastic Analysis and Design.
BT 274 COURSEWORK- STRUCTURES 2
1 Credit
pre-requisite
Timber Roof Trusses: Selection and design of timber roof trusses for timber framed
buildings.
Portal frames: Selection, proportioning and design of timber portal frames with plywood
gusset plate joints.
BT 255 QUANTITY SURVEYING 1
3 Credits
pre-requisite
The Quantity Surveying Profession, its development and scope. Role of the quantity
surveyor in the design team and contractors organization. Detailed study of major worksections of the Standard Method of Measurement of Building Works. Definition of
constructional terms. Manual Processing of selected work sections from conversional

take-off to draft bill of quantities (BOQ) cut and shuffle techniques of bill preparation.
Forms and functions of BOQ in standard, elemental, operational etc. formats.
Use of computer in bill preparation.
BT 256 QUANTITY SURVEYING 2
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Introduction to the techniques employed in the measurement of building works. General
principles and basic mensuration. Setting out and sequence of dimensions, adequacy of
descriptions, preparation and use of schedules. Measurement of major elements of simple
single storey building.
BT 257 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 1
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Management Evaluation, Principles of management (Management processes and key
concepts), parties involved in the Building process, the internal organization of
companies and partnership in the Building Industry. The Nature of the Labour Force,
introduction to basic site information, Safety on the site, welfare administration.
BT 258 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 2
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Selection, use and control of plants and equipment for excavating and earthmoving,
concrete mixing and handling, materials handling, Aids to manual operations, the scope
for simple mechanization and improved tools/equipment, introduction to cost
implications of using plants/equipment and their influence on both building and structural
design of work processes, maintenance of plants, the financial organization and direction
of business, books of account and accounting transactions. The meaning of Income
Statement and Balance Sheets. The basic classification and coding of accounts.
BT 259 LAND SURVEYING 1
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Chain Surveying, Spirit Levelling. Longitudinal and cross sections. Contouring from spot
heights. Compass traversing. Simple plane coordinate calculations. Simple area and
volume calculations. Measurement of theodolite horizontal and vertical angles.
Introduction to plane tabling. Setting out buildings, gradients, slope stakes and ordinary
circular curves.
BT 261 PRINCIPLES OF LAW 1
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Legal History of Ghana, Ghanaian Court System, legal profession and its services.
Common law and Equity: Divisions of law with reference to contract, Tort, Crime and
Property. Statutes and subordinate legislation and ordinances case law and the Doctrine
of Precedence. Judicial Processes; Principles of Equity, legal and equitable interest in
land. Law of Real and personal property: acquisition and transfer of rights (Real Estate),
Ghanaian Land Tenure and Law.

BT 262 PRINCIPLES OF LAW 2


2 Credits
pre-requisite
Constitutional law:-analysis of systems, Ghanaian system of Parliament, The Executive
and the Judiciary, Central, Regional and Local Government Administration systems.
Government Law: - Company Law principles; their application to Construction
Companies, Trading Professional Practice Partnerships.
BT 265 BUILDING SERVICES 1
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Water Services: Storage, dams, reservoirs, tanks, water treatment, bottling tanks and
filters. Distribution systems, pipe layouts and pipe sizing (external to buildings)
Domestic Water Supply: main supply, hot and cold services from entry point to buildings.
Appliances, jointing and byelaws.
Rainfall: Roof disposal, gutters and down pipes, area of surface calculations, sizing of
fittings and outlets, disposal at ground level.
Domestic Waste disposal: Design of internal systems, pipe sizing, gradient, functions:
Separate and One Pipe Systems: Induced and Self syphonage, materials, types and sizes,
traps and seals, production drawings, details and schedules of fittings related to all
sections.
BT 266 BUILDING SERVICES 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Design of surface water installations, runoffs, culverts, collection and soak ways.
Foul water disposal: Design of treatment systems, septic tanks size and health
regulations.
Septic tanks and sewerage disposal plants: Materials, construction and testing. Practical
drain laying and manhole construction.
Industrial water supplies and re-cycling: Swimming pools and special treatment plants
and construction methods. Production drawings, details and schedules of fittings, related
to all sections.
BT 351 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 5
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Concrete: Constituent, types, mixes, reinforcement placing, workability, testing, storage
of materials.
Formwork: Design, economics, materials and scaffolding.
Finishes: Applied and integral finishes, walls, floors other elements. In-situ wet processes
and self-finished materials.

Insulation: Solar radiation and heat absorption, requirements of material for building
envelope.
BT 369 COURSEWORK-CONSTRUCTION 1
1 Credit
pre-requisite
Introduction to concrete mix design, sieve analysis and determination of fineness
modulus, computation for trial mixes, workability and crushing strength tests.
Coursework-Laboratory Practice
Demonstration exercises involving design and casting of reinforced concrete beams and
testing to failure.
BT 352 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 6
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Concrete and associated construction methods. Load bearing and framed structures- insitu and precast forms, comparison of design and building method. One-way and Twoway concrete slab construction. Panels, staircases, precast components- cill, lintels, walls,
floor and roof units. Joints and joinery, concrete to concrete, concrete to other materials,
expansion, contraction, distortion, deviation and stress, expansion joints. Development of
local materials- soil cement blocks, cross wall construction- applied research and
development prototypes. Typical construction details.
BT 370 COURSEWORK-CONSTRUCTION 4
1 Credit
pre-requisite
Working drawings- 2 storey building. Concrete framework calculations and drawings.
Coursework-Studio Exercises
Working details of all services-plumbing, drainage, electrical, hot and cold water
installations. Schedules of materials and components for building designed in module 5.
BT 353 THEORY OF STRUCTURES 3
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Analysis of simple statically indeterminate systems, Area moment method, the theorem
of three moments and the moment distribution method. Analysis of framed structures.
Principles of steel and reinforced concrete design, columns, slabs, beams and frames,
shell forms.
BT 371 COURSEWORK-STRUCTURES 3
1 Credits
pre-requisite
Reinforced concrete design 1 Design and detailing of typical structural members in
simple framed structures.

BT 354 STRUCTURAL DESIGN 1


2 Credits
pre-requisite
Further reinforced concrete design Elastic theory method, load factor method, analysis
of shear and bond stresses- columns, beams and slabs. Prefabrication and component
assembly methods- characteristics of steel and reinforced concrete construction.
BT 372 COURSEWORK- STRUCTURES 4
1 Credits
pre-requisite
Detailing of reinforced concrete components of a framed building including one-way and
two-way slabs, simply supported and continuous. (Relates to studio exercise Module 5
materials
and
construction)
BT 355 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORKS 2 3 Credits prerequisite
Measurement of substructure on sloping site. Stepped foundations, concrete, timber and
steel piling. Underpinning. In-situ concrete framed building. Walls in brickwork,
blockwork and concrete. Suspended concrete floors and roof. Concrete staircases.
Roofing.
BT 356 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORK 3
3 Credits prerequisite
Measurement of internal and external finishes and decoration. Windows and Doors.
Joinery fittings, Plumbing installations. Drainage.
BT 357 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 3
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Productivity measurement: Construction method analysis and appraisal, time and motion
studies, production synthetics and estimating, indices, activity sampling and incentive
schemes.
Project Accounting: Cost and management accounts and reporting, elements of costs,
costing system, reconciliation of costs and financial accounts, budgetary control,
mechanical aid and costing.
BT 358 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 4
3 Credits
pre-requisite
Production planning and control: Construction project scheduling and control, operational
analysis of method, resources and information, sequence and procedure studies, network
analysis, resource scheduling. Progress report.
BT 363 BUILDING ECONOMICS
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Evaluation, Design and Use: Understanding of total construction process, the nature of
building economics, and the important relationships between economics and other subject
areas with emphasis on principles and techniques. Factors governing the supply of and

demand for resources and building, feasibility and techniques of evaluation, types of
development and types of client, design factors of geometry, technology and
methodology, cost analysis, cost control and cost planning, cost-in-use.
BT 364 BUILDING ECONOMICS 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Project Pricing and Accounting: A review of tendering procedure, obtaining work and
tendering process, build-up of unit rates for the following work sections:- Excavation
work, concrete work, blockwork, carpentry and joinery, roofing, plumbing installations,
electrical installations, finishes, painting and glazing, drainage and other external works,
preliminaries, overheads and profit, compilation and adjudication of tender by contractor
and its analysis by Quantity Surveyor and Architect, pricing of Alternative Bill FormatsElemental, Operational, Activity, Locational, the cost/price correlation feasibility
problem.
BT 359 PRINCIPLES OF LAW 3
1 Credit
pre-requisite
Principles of Tort: Introduction of Torts connected with organisation and occupation of
land, notions of trespass, nuisance and negligence. Principles of Contract.
Principles of Contract: Formation of contracts, capacity of parties, mistake and
misrepresentation, non-disclosure and fraud, breach of contract, guarantee and warranty.
Applications of principles through conditions and practices of building and Civil
Engineering Contracts involving comprehensive study of the Conditions of Contract in
use in Ghana. Building and Planning Legislation and Administration. Law of Arbitration.
BT 361 BUILDING SERVICES 3
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Daylight: Illumination and principles, definition and standards, Inverse Square and
Cosine Law. Shading/Anti glove devices, insulation and heat gain.
Artificial Lighting: Illumination and principles, specific examples schools, hospitals,
laboratories- public roads and municipal projects, energy resource and consumption.
Installations: Conduit cables and switches fittings, distribution services, symbols and
codes-production drawings-systems.
Electrical Systems: A/C and D/C currents 1 and 3 phase, origin of power source and
heavy current distribution.
BT 362 BUILDING SERVICES 4
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Electrical Systems: Further principles of generation and transmission, circuit breakers,
fuses, etc. Safety precautions and regulations, earthing technique and soil conditions,
lighting conductors, installations.

Mechanical Ventilation and Air Conditioning: Requirements of various building types,


principles of air flow and methods, single units and central systems, zoning controls.
Distribution systems, ducting, materials and installation. Control factors for heat gain,
frictional resistance condensation, voltage drop.
Lifts and Escalators: Function, design criteria, by pass and direct systems, lift well, motor
rooms passenger and goods lifts, fire precautions.
BT 365 COMPUTER METHODS 1
2 Credits
pre-requisite
Introductory course in programming using algorithmic language. Simple program
statements including input operations transfer of control, simple counters and operations
with simple subscripted variables. Number systems and flow charting techniques. The
primary objective is the understanding of programming theory, application and
organization of simple data processing methods.
BT 366 COMPUTER METHODS 2
2 Credits
pre-requisite
A survey of applied numerical methods in building and civil engineering problems.
Specific application includes design of columns, evaluation of roots of simultaneous and
polynomial equations using successive approximation and the Newton-Raphson methods,
determination of volumes of Excavation using the trapezoidal and the Simpsons rule.
Case study problems will be solved on computer using the FORTRAN VI programming
language.
BT 451 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 7
4 Credits
pre-requisite
Rationalised traditional building and industrialised methods of building. Progressive
stages of development; national implications and resource evaluation. Scope and scale of
building industry; capital intensive and labour intensive systems-selected examples of
building systems and integration of building services. Project appraisal and feasibility
studies. Standardisation, dimensional co-ordination and modular co-ordination, authoritative system. Development of building materials; the changing technology of
building, improvement, innovation and team integration. Economics, Productivity and
Management.
BT 452 MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION 8
4 Credits
pre-requisite
Prefabrication-characteristics of component assembly; composite construction,
components complete with services. Comparison of structural design, criteria and
construction method for in-situ and precast concrete. Typical components and elementsworking details; potential for timber utilization. Mechanical equipment and plant; site
organization, site workshops and factory production. Process control and quality controlmaterials, manufacture and construction methods. Co-ordination- design, production and
construction. Project management.

Studio Exercises
Composite construction: design and detailing with special reference to joints and
tolerances, performance criteria for assembly.
BT 455 MEASUREMENT OF CONSTRUCTION WORK 4
4 Credits prerequisite
Civil Engineering Contracts and Quantities: Detailed study of the Standard Method of
Measurement of Civil Engineering Quantities. Measurement of Engineering Works such
as roadways, culverts, drains and pipelines. Function of a Bill of Quantities in Civil
Engineering Contract. Types of contracts. Some aspects of contract administration in
relation to Ghana Governments Conditions of Contract for Civil Engineering Works.
Measurement of Building Works: steel framed structure. Electrical Works. Demolition
and Alterations. Writing of the Preliminaries Bill and Preambles. Alternative Bill of
Quantities Formats. Standard phraseology. Uses of the computer by the Quantity
Surveyor.
BT 456 CONTRACT ADMINISTRATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
5 Credits
pre-requisite
Contract Administration: Tendering procedures and contractor selection. Detailed study
of the Ghana Governments Conditions of Contract for Building Works (where quantities
form part of the contract) Interim valuations and certificates. Architects instructions.
Design valuations measurement and valuation. Dayworks. Nominated subcontractors and
Nominated suppliers accounts and contracts. Fluctuations. Extension of contract Period.
Liquidated and Ascertained Damages. Compilation of Final Accounts.
BT 463 BUILDING ECONOMICS 3
4 Credits
pre-requisite
Relationship between economics and other subject areas within the context of the total
construction process, with emphasis on applications and problems. Feasibility studies;
land economy, problems of development; design features of geometry; technology and
methodology; cost analysis, cost control and cost planning; approximate estimating, cost
limits and development budgets; cost-in-use and their relationship with design; valuations
and finance.
BT 460 BUILDING ECONOMICS 4
4 Credits
pre-requisite
Methods of investment appraisal, capital budgeting, buy, hire or make decisions,
uncertainty and investment, cost benefit analysis, cost effectiveness analysis.

BT 457 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 5


5 Credits
pre-requisite
Planning and Control: Post contract production and financial control,
Production control of repetitive projects (single storey and multi-storey), resource and
cost budgets, cost and value co-ordination. Price and cost fluctuations and adjustments.
Human relations, management of personnel in construction industry, the negotiation
machinery employers and trade unions.
Project Accounting: Interpretation of financial accounts, the legal framework of business
operations, formation of business, outlays and resources. Sources and use of funds,
financial and operating ratios to measure results and efficiency.
BT 458 BUILDING MANAGEMENT 6
5 Credits
pre-requisite
Purchasing and inventory control, selection and use of subcontractors and suppliers, plant
selection, utilization and economics, legal requirements and office procedures. Nature
and practice of marketing for construction projects and development, pricing policies and
contracting strategies, tendering procedures.
Contract Administration: Agreements and contracts, variation and information control,
dayworks, prime costs and provisional sums rise and cost fluctuations, interim
certificates, practical completion, defects, liabilities, maintenance and final accounts.
BT 453 THEORY OF STRUCTURES 4
5 Credits
pre-requisite
Analysis of framed structures, portal frame with side-sway, energy method. Castiglianos
theories. Deflection of framed structures. Earthquake resistance structures.
Course Work Studio Exercises
Steel Work: Space frame and lattice beams; principles for longer span buildings.
Steelwork design and detailing of selected roof truss.