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Unidad

El incendio
Es verano. El seor y la seora Todd estn de
vacaciones con sus hijos, Dick y Jimmy. Todos se
estn quedando en su casa de la playa en Carolina
del Sur. La seora Todd est sentada escribiendo
una carta. El seor Todd est trabajando en el
jardn. l est regando las plantas. De repente, Dick
sale corriendo de la casa.
Mami! Papi! Por favor, vengan de
prisa!
Qu ocurre, Dick?
La casa se est incendiando!

Repaso de vocabulario y estructuras


Ahora la seora Todd parece preocupada tambin.
Corre hacia la casa y se para debajo de la ventana
del cuarto de Jimmy. Jimmy aparece en la ventana.
l est intentando salir.
Mami! Papi! No puedo salir!
Salta, querido! Salta! Yo te
atrapar!
No puedo, mam. Estoy asustado.
Qu puedo hacer?
Ya se est incendiando tu cuarto?

Dnde est el incendio, Dick?

S, hay llamas entrando por debajo


de la puerta.

Arriba, en los dormitorios.

Debes intentar saltar, amor!

El seor Todd parece muy preocupado. Toma la


manguera y entra corriendo en la casa.

Jimmy se para en el marco de la ventana pero no


salta. l est muy asustado. Empieza a llorar.
Entonces, ellos escuchan las sirenas y una gran
mquina de bomberos roja llega. Hay cuatro
bomberos. Dos de ellos sacan una larga escalera del
camin.

No entres, es demasiado peligroso!


Tengo que entrar. Tengo que llamar
a los bomberos.
Ten cuidado, querido!
Dnde est Jimmy, mami?
Oh, no! Jimmy est durmiendo en su
cuarto. Cmo va a salir?

La llevan hacia la casa y la apoyan contra la pared


bajo la ventana del cuarto de Jimmy. Un hombre
sube rpidamente por la escalera. Llega hasta
Jimmy y lo baja.
Los otros dos hombres entran corriendo en la casa
con una manguera. Ellos estn tratando de apagar
el incendio. No es un incendio grande, pero se est

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Unidad 9

El incendio

propagando rpidamente. El seor Todd sale de la


casa.
No puedo llegar hasta Jimmy! Se
est quemando la escalera!
No te preocupes, querido! Jimmy
est aqu con nosotros. Los bomberos
ya lo rescataron con la escalera. Le
bajaron sano y salvo. Di a los
bomberos que no queda nadie ms
en la casa.
El seor Todd vuelve a la casa para decrselo a los
hombres. Diez minutos ms tarde el incendio est
bajo control. En media hora est apagado. El seor
Todd agradece a los bomberos. Ellos llevan su
escalera y su manguera al camin, luego ellos se
suben al camin. Jimmy les est observando. Ya no
siente miedo y est sonriendo. l les agradece
tambin.

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Los bomberos se alejan. Los dos nios les dicen


adis con las manos. El seor y la seora Todd
entran en la casa. Primero observan las habitaciones
de la planta baja. El pasillo est mojado pero los
muebles no se daaron. Sin embargo, el papel
colgadura est arruinado. Echan un vistazo a la
sala. La puerta estaba cerrada y slo el techo un
poco daado. Entonces suben al segundo piso.
Es difcil subir por la escalera porque est mojada y
resbalosa. La escalera no est daada. Porque es
hecha de piedra. Los dormitorios y el bao estn
completamente quemados. Tambin lo estn las
camas, alfombras, cortinas y sillas.
No podemos permanecer aqu.
Debemos ir a un hotel.
S, buena idea. Despus de todo, no
hay camas.

Unit 9

The fire

It is summer. Mr. and Mrs. Todd are on vacation


with their children, Dick and Jimmy. They are all
staying in their house at the beach in South
Carolina. Mrs. Todd is sitting and writing a letter.
Mr. Todd is working in the backyard. He is watering
the plants. Dick suddenly, comes running out of the
house.
Mom Dad! Come here right away!
What's the problem, Dick?
The house is on re!

Review of vocabulary and structures


Jimmy stands on the window-sill but he doesn't
jump. He is too scared. He starts to cry.
Then, they hear sirens and a large red re engine
arrives. There are four reghters. Two of them take
a long ladder out of the truck. They carry it to the
house and lean it on the wall under the window of
Jimmy's bedroom. One man rushes up the ladder.
He reaches Jimmy and brings him down.
The other two men run into the house with a hose.
They are trying to extinguish the re. It is not a big
re, but it is spreading quickly. Mr. Todd comes out
of the house.

Where is the re, Dick?


It's upstairs in the bedrooms.
Mr. Todd looks very worried. He picks up the hose
and runs into the house.
Don't go in! It's too dangerous!
I have to go in. I have to call the re
department.
Be careful, dear!
Where's Jimmy, mom?
Oh, no! Jimmy is sleeping in his
bedroom. How is he going to get out?
Now Mrs. Todd looks worried too. She runs to the
house and stands under the window of Jimmy's
bedroom. Jimmy appears at the window. He is
trying to climb out.
Mommy! Daddy! I can't get out!

I can't get to Jimmy! The stairs are


on re!
Don't worry, dear! Jimmy is here
with us. The remen rescued him
with the ladder. They brought him
down safe and sound. Tell the remen
that there are no more people in the
house.
Mr. Todd goes back into the house to tell the men.
Ten minutes later the re is under control. In half an
hour it is out. Mr. Todd thanks the reghters. They
take their ladder and their hose back to the truck.
Then they get into the truck. Jimmy is looking at
them. He is not afraid now and he is smiling. He also
thanks them.
The reghters leave. The two children wave
goodbye. Mr. and Mrs. Todd go into the house. First
they look at the rooms on the ground oor. The hall
is wet but there is no damage to the furniture.
However the wall-paper is ruined. They look into
the living room. The door was shut and only the
ceiling is a little damaged. Then they go upstairs.

Jump, dear! Jump! I will catch you!


I can't, mommy. I'm scared. What
can I do?
Is your bedroom on re yet?

It is difcult to walk up the stairs because they are


wet and slippery. The staircase isn't damaged
because It's made of stone. The bedrooms and
bathrooms are burnt out. So are the beds, rugs,
curtains, and chairs.

Yes, there are ames coming from


under the door.

We can't stay here. We have to go to


a hotel.

You must try to jump, dear!

Yes, good idea. After all, there are no


beds!

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Unit 9

The fire

New Vocabulary
Nouns
-Backyard
-Beds
-Ceiling
-Curtains
-Chairs
-Fire
engine
-Fire
fighters
-Flames
-Furniture

Verbs
-Ground
-Hose
-Ladder
-Rugs
-Sirens
-Staircase
-Stone
-Truck
-Upstairs
-Watering

-Appear
-Arrive
-Bring
-Burn out
-Carry
-Catch
-Climb out
-Come
-Extinguish
-Hear
-Jump
-Lean
-Make
-Pick up

Adjectives
-Reach
-Rescue
-Run
-Rush up
-Sleep
-Smile
-Spread
-Stand
-Stay
-Try
-Wave
-Work
-Write

-Dangerous
-Scared
-Slippery
-Worried
Adverbs
-Quickly

Expressions
-Right away
-Safe and sound

PrcticaNow,
de estructuras
something important!
Simple Present Vs. Present Continuous
The simple present tense is used for two main types of action:
Habits: Actions which happen regularly (for example, every day or every week)
Example:

Sean goes to class every day.

Every day is a habit.

States: Things which do not often change (for example, opinions and conditions)
Example:

Mary lives in Florida.

This is a state, because it doesnt change.

The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action:
A temporary action happening now: Something which is going on right now
Example:

It is raining outside.

Its raining right now.

A denite plan for the future: Something we intend to do, usually in the near future
Example:

Ref

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I am having a party next week.

All the plans have been made.

For better reference, see Finding Out About Grammar Book, Unit 3, pages 49 and 53.

Unidad

10
Un fin de semana en el campo
El seor y la seora Hill deciden ir a las Montaas
Pocono el n de semana. No quedan lejos de Nueva
York. El campo es muy bello. Se van a alojar en un
hotel "Bed and Breakfast" en un pequeo pueblo.
John alquila un automvil para el n de semana.
Mary empaca algo de ropa en una maleta pequea.
Ella espera a John en la puerta de su hotel con el
equipaje. Ella ve el auto de John en el semforo en la
esquina. El semforo cambia a verde y el auto llega
a la entrada del hotel.
Mary sube al auto y John toma su maleta. l la pone
sobre el asiento de atrs. Mary coloca su abrigo
tambin en el asiento de atrs. Ahora estn listos
para salir.

John estaba en lo cierto. Despus de conducir por


una hora y diez minutos, llegaron a Bed and
Breakfast. Era la hora feliz y muchos de los
huspedes estaban tomando ccteles en el
c o m e d o r. J o h n e s t a c i o n e l a u t o e n e l
estacionamiento.
Tomemos algo primero, luego
podemos llevar el equipaje a nuestra
habitacin.
Buena idea. No hay nada como una
buena cerveza fra!
Por qu no tomamos nuestras
bebidas en el comedor con los otros
huspedes?

Dnde est el mapa, querida?


Est en mi bolso. Quieres verlo ahora
mismo?
No, an no. Yo conozco la salida de la
ciudad, pero no estoy muy seguro de
cmo seguir desde all.

Se sentaron a la mesa y la camarera les trajo dos


Budweisers. Bebieron las cervezas y luego fueron a
descansar en su habitacin. A la maana siguiente
se levantaron muy temprano y salieron a dar un
paseo. Caminaron por la ribera del ro. Estaban algo
cansados cuando volvieron al hotel, entonces se
sentaron en la terraza a mirar los botes en el ro.

Yo no creo que nos extraviemos con


tantas seales de ruta.
A qu distancia est, John?

Es muy agradable aqu. Tenemos que


volver de nuevo.

Creo que es a unas cincuenta millas.

S, es muy bonito. Cuando regresemos


la prxima vez deberamos tratar de
rentar uno de esos botes.

Me pregunto cundo llegaremos.


Deberemos estar all en poco ms de
una hora.

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Unit 10

A weekend in the country

Mr. and Mrs. Hill decide to go to the Pocono


Mountains for the weekend. It's not far from New
York City but the countryside is very beautiful. They
are going to stay in a Bed-and-Breakfast in a small
town. John rents a car for the weekend. Mary packs
her clothes into a small suitcase. She waits for John
at the door of their hotel with the luggage. She sees
John's car at the trafc-light on the corner. The light
turns green and the car arrives at the hotel
entrance. Mary gets into the car and John takes her
suitcase. He puts it in the back seat. Mary puts her
coat in the back seat too. Now they are ready to go.
Where's the map, dear?
It's in my purse. Do you want to see
it right now?
No, not yet. I know the way out of
the city, but I'm not sure where to go
from there.
I dont think we can get lost with so
many road signs. How far is it, John?

drinking cocktails in the dining room. John parked


his car in the parking lot.
Let's have a drink rst, then we can
take the luggage up to our room.
Good idea! There is nothing like a
nice cold beer!
Why don't we have our drinks in the
dining room with the other guests?
They sat at a table and the waitress brought them
two Budweisers. They drank the beers and then
they went to rest in their room.
The next morning they got up very early and went
for a walk. They walked along the river banks. They
were a little tired when they got back to the hotel,
so they sat on the porch to watch the boats on the
river.
It's so pleasant dear. We'll have to
come here again.
Yes, it's very nice. When we come next
time, we should try to rent one of
those boats.

I think it's about fty miles.


I wonder when we'll arrive.
We should be there in a little over an
hour.
John was right. After driving for an hour and ten
minutes, they arrived at the Bed and Breakfast. It
was "happy hour" and many of the guests were

Something we want you


to know

Breakfast and bed = a room to sleep in for the


night and a morning meal, or a private house or
small hotel offering this

New Vocabulary
Nouns
-Back seat
-Beer
-Boat
-Coat
-Corner
-Countryside
-Dear
-Entrance
-Guests

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Verbs
-Luggage
-Map
-Purse
-Parking lot
-Porch
-River
-Suitcase
-Table
-Town

-Trafc-light
-Waitress
-Weekend

-Arrive
-Decide
-Drink
-Get up
-Go
-Park
-Put
-Rent

-Rest
-See
-Sit
-Turn
-Wait
-Walk
-Wonder

Unit 10

A weekend in the country

Adjectives
-Beautiful
-Nice

Adverbs
-Early
-Very

-Tired

Now, something important!

Simple Past
Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and nished at a specic time
in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specic time, but they do
have one specic time in mind.
Examples:

I saw a movie yesterday.


I didnt see a play yesterday.
Did you have dinner last night?

Notice that in the afrmative form, you use the verb in past; this verb can be either regular
(-ed) or irregular. In the negative and question forms, we use did and the verb changes
from its past form to its simple form.

Looked
Clapped

Final ed is pronounced /t/ after a monosyllable verb.

Saved
Cleaned

Final ed is pronounced /d/ after a bi-syllable sound.

Decided
Wanted

Final ed is pronounce /ed/ after t and d sounds.

This is a list of the most common fty irregular verbs in the English language.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Ref

say
make
go
take
come
see
know
get
give
nd
think
tell
become
show
leave
feel
put

said
made
went
took
came
saw
knew
got
gave
found
thought
told
became
showed
left
felt
put

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34

bring
begin
keep
hold
write
stand
hear
let
mean
set
meet
run
pay
sit
speak
lie
lead

brought
began
kept
held
wrote
stood
heard
let
meant
set
met
ran
paid
sat
spoke
lay
led

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

read
grow
lose
fall
send
build
understand
draw
break
spend
cut
rise
drive
buy
wear
choose

read
grew
lost
fell
sent
built
understood
drew
broke
spent
cut
rose
drove
bought
wore
chose

For better reference, see Finding Out About Grammar Book, Unit 3, page 34.

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