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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

April 27-30, 2015


ENSIAME-LAMIH, University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrsis, France

Book of Abstracts

7th International Exergy, Energy and


Environment Symposium
IEEES7 - 2015

Book of Abstracts
April 27-30, 2015

ENSIAME-LAMIH
University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambrsis, France

ISBN: 978-2-36424-030-8

Presses Universitaires de Valenciennes, France

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

PREFACE
On behalf of the Local Organizing Committee, I would like to welcome you to the 7 th International Exergy, Energy
and Environment Symposium (IEEES7) taking place in the Advanced Engineering School ENSIAME of the
University of Valenciennes and du Hainaut-Cambrsis (UVHC), Valenciennes, France, from April 27th to 30th, 2015.
This is the seventh symposium, which is held this year in Valenciennes, France (2015), after Izmir in Turkey (2003);
Kos in Greece (2005); Evora in Portugal (2007); Sharjah in United Arab Emirates (2009), Luxor in Egypt (2011) and
Rize in Turkey (2013). Numerous novel topics and new trends will be introduced in this conference through several
plenary and keynote sessions which will be presented by internationally recognized experts.
The "7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium" (IEEES7), which is a multi-disciplinary
international conference, will again provide this year an opportunity for researchers, scientists and engineers to
present their recent advances and to discuss current problems, future needs and prospects in the areas of Exergy,
Energy and Environment. The goal of this conference is to bring together researchers from all countries, disciplines
and applications of energy, exergy and environment and to promote the exchange of new ideas and techniques in
the energy conversion and conservation in order to reach a best "energetic efficiency" in the future. During this
conference, a key attention will be given to the "Green transportation, sustainable mobility and Environment",
especially for the new developments of sustainable technologies for thermal comforts (heat pumps and air
conditioning), biofuels and alternative fuels for combustion engines, energy conversion and optimization, etc.
Furthermore, contributions about renewable and sustainable energy sources, energy strategies and policies,
carbon-free society and their complications will be addressed during this conference. The conference has received
a great attention. More than 200 papers have been accepted for the IEEES7from over 30 countries. IEEES7 offers
plenary lectures highlighting current developments and applications in the Exergy, Energy and Environment field
and keynote lectures for specific industrial applications in the following main topic areas:
- Topic A: Fluid Mechanics, Heat and Mass Transfer
- Topic B: CO2 Capture Environment Impact Assessment
- Topic C: Thermodynamics, Exergy and Energy Analyses
- Topic D: Energy Strategies and Policies
- Topic E: Measurements in Exergy, Energy and Environment processes
- Topic F: Sustainable Buildings
The program of the IEEES7 consists of about 110 oral presentations in four parallel sessions and over 90 poster
presentations. Poster presentations will be displayed, in the ENSIAME exhibition hall during the conference. We
hope that this conference will meet your expectations, facilitate and encourage communication of new ideas and
approaches between all those working on previous topics linked to the Exergy, Energy and Environment areas.
The organization of such a large conference is, of course, a great challenge, but has been enjoyable with the sincere
help from my colleagues of LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201 (Department of Mechanics) and outside of the University of
Valenciennes, in France (GEPEA, University of Nantes) and in Tunisia (LESTE, ENIM, University of Monastir). The
support by the International Advisory Committee is gratefully acknowledged. Moreover, the help provided by a
number of additional reviewers in the papers selection process is very much appreciated. The IEEES7 International
Advisory Committees contribution is also sincerely acknowledged.
The technical and financial contributions by a number of supporting institutions and sponsoring organizations are
gratefully acknowledged. I have to acknowledge, especially the aids received from the University of Valenciennes
(UVHC), the Advanced Engineering School (ENSIAME), the LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201, the Regional council of
Nord Pas de Calais, the Institut Carnot Arts, the Technopolis Transalley of Valenciennes, the Syndicat
Intercommunal d'Assainissement de Valenciennes (SIAV), the City Hall of Famars and finally Entropy Journal.
They were essential for a successful organization of this IEEES7. Our main partners during this conference, which
are International Journal of Energy Research, International Journal of Global Warming, International Journal of
Exergy, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics and Entropy, are
acknowledged for their help and support to devote special issues for selected papers and to publish selected papers
from the IEEES7-2015 proceedings. Of course, I have to acknowledge the fruitful cooperation with the University
of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT, Oshawa, Canada) and the International Association of Hydrogen Energy
(IAHE, Florida, USA), which have been the historic partners of the IEEES.

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Last, but not least, I would like to register my sincere appreciation to the secretarial support provided by Mrs. Katia
FLOREK, the technical and the logistical supports provided by all the local organizing committee members for a
smooth preparation of the IEEES7.
In closing, I wish you all a successful conference and an enjoyable stay in Valenciennes.
Professor Fethi ALOUI
IEEES7 Chair

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

GENERAL SUMMARY
PREFACE

GENERAL SUMMARY

COMMITTEES

PARTNERS & SPONSORS

SPONSORING JOURNALS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PLENARY LECTURES

19

KEYNOTE LECTURES

25

TOPIC A: FLUID MECHANICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER

33

TOPIC B: CO2 CAPTURE ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESMENT

65

TOPIC C: THERMODYNAMIC, EXERGY AND ENERGY ANALYSES

91

TOPIC D: ENERGY STRATEGIES AND POLICIES

129

TOPIC E: MEASUREMENTS IN EXERGY, ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT PROCESSES

155

TOPIC F: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS

165

AUTHORS INDEX

171

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

COMMITTEES
Conference Chair: F. Aloui, UVHC, France
Founding Chair: I. Dincer, UOIT, Canada
International Advisory Committee
T. Akiyama, Japan
R. Gheith, Tunisia
F. Aloui, France
F. Hamdullahpur, Canada
O. Arnas, USA
S. Harmand, France
T. Arts, Belgium
J. L. Harion, France
F. Beaubert, France
A. Hepbasli, Turkey
A. Bejan, USA
J. F. Hetet, France
I. Benko, Hungary
P. Higelin, France
S. Ben Jabrallah, Tunisia
P.O. Jandaud, France
N. Ben Nasrallah, Tunisia
A. Jemni, Tunisia
E. Berrich, France
T. H. Karakoc, Turkey
M. Bigerelle, France
L. Keirsbulck, France
N. Bourabaa, France
C. Koroneos, Greece
J.M. Buchlin, Belgium
H. Kwak, Korea
Y.A. Cengel, Turkey/Canada
B. Lacarrire, France
D. Chalet, France
S. Lalot, France
P. Chess, France
F. Lanzetta, France
M. Creyx, France
J. Laubert, France
A. Danlos, France
J. Legrand, France
T. Dbouk, France
R. Lemaire, France
E. Delacourt, France
O. Le Corre, France
M. Deligant, France
X. Li, Canada
S. Delprat, France
S. Lorente, France
Y. Demirel, USA
P. Lund, Finland
G. Descombes, France
A. Mahamdia, Algeria
B. Desmet, France
F. Massouh, France
I. Dincer, Canada
S. Menanteau, France
H. El Qarnia, Morocco
J.L. Menet, France
V. Esfahanian, Iran
D. Mresse, France
M. Feidt, France
E. Michaelides, USA
M. A. Gadalla, UAE
A. F. Miguel, Portugal
N. Galanis, Canada
A. Midilli, Turkey

Executive Committee, France


F. Aloui, UVHC
F. Beaubert, UVHC
D. Coutellier, UVHC
S. Delprat, UVHC
B. Desmet, UVHC

I. Dincer, UOIT (Canada)


M. Feidt, University Lorraine
J. L. Harion, Mines Douai
S. Harmand, UVHC
L. Keirsbulck, UVHC

Local Organizing Committee, UVHC, France


F. Aloui
E. Delacourt
M. Balligand
S. Delprat
F. Beaubert
O. Delville
E. Berrich (Nantes, France)
B. Desmet
M. Bigerelle
K. Florek
R. Chovet
R. Gheith (Monastir, Tunisia)
M. Creyx
P.O. Jandaud
C. Debail
R. Kaczmarek

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F. Monnoyer, France
G. Montenegro, Italy
C. Morin, France
N. Mrad, France
G. F. Naterer, Canada
S. Obara, Japan
A. Ould El Moctar, France
M. Pavageau, France
H. Peerhossaini, France
J. Pell, France
C. Perilhon, France
P. Podevin, France
D. Queiros-Cond, France
B.V. Reddy, UOIT, Canada
A. H. Reis, Portugal
L. Rojas-Solrzano, Kazakhstan
M. Saighi, Algeria
E. Sciubba, Italy
S.A. Sherif, USA
E. Shirani, Iran
E.K. Si Ahmed, France
V. Sobolik, France
P. Stouff, France
X. Tauzia, France
G. Tsatsaronis, Germany
D. Uystepruyst, France
E. G. Varuvel, India
J. Yan, Sweden
C.Xu, China
M. Wang, UK

D. Mresse, UVHC
F. Monnoyer, UVHC
C. Morin, UVHC
J. Pell, UVHC
D. Queiros-Cond, Paris X

L. Keirsbulck
J.M. Lemay
D. Mresse
F. Monnoyer
C. Morin
J. Pell
J. Schiffler
D. Uystepruyst

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

PARTNERS & SPONSORS

SPONSORING JOURNALS

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PLENARY LECTURES

19

PL1: CHANGING THERMODYNAMIC DIMENSIONS AND DIRECTIONS


Prof. Ibrahim Dincer

21

PL2: Energy, Environment, Economy: A New Paradigm for Thermodynamics


Prof. Michel Feidt

22

PL3: Energy Transitions - Observations and Implications


Prof. Peter D. Lund

23

KEYNOTE LECTURES

25

KL1: Energy and Ventilation Requirements of Indoor Ice Rinks


Prof. Nicolas Galanis

27

KL2: Biofuels from microalgal biomass


Prof. Jack Legrand and Prof. Jrmy Pruvost

28

KL3: Application of CFD to Marine Hydrodynamics Including Vertical Axis Turbines and Scour
Prof. Philip Rubini

29

KL4: Ultra-Large Type Cool/Thermal Energy Conversion Systems by Carbon Dioxide


Prof. Xin Rong Zhang

30

KL5: Sustainable Green Fuels from Wastes and Residues


Prof. Edwin Geo Varuvel

31

KL6: Thanatia: The Exergy Reference Environment for Assessing the Loss of Mineral Capital on Earth
Ass. Prof. Antonio Valero

32

TOPIC A: FLUID MECHANICS, HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER

33

A1: Dynamic Study of a Metal Hydride Pump


Miled Amel, Ben maad Hatem, Askri Faouzi, Ben Nasrallah Sassi

35

A2: Unsteady Aerodynamic Analysis of Different Multi MW Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade Profiles on
SST-K- Model
Radmanesh Amir Reza, Abbaspour Madjid, Soltani Mohamad Reza

35

A3: Productivity Analysis and Numerical Simulation for Fractured Wells in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs
Yangfan Li, HuaCai, Zhixing Yang, HaoXue, Chao Cheng, Ning Li

36

A4: Study of Porous Flow Mechanism for Low Permeability Sandstone by Use of NMR
Hua Cai, Guohua Zhang, Zhixing Yang, Yangfan Li

37

A5: Thermal and Dynamic characteristics of an Airflow in a Channel Provided with Circular and Triangular
Cavities
Rachid Bouchenafa, Rachid Saim, Said Abboudi

37

A6: Experimental Investigations of Taylor-Couette Flow Using PIV and Electrochemical Techniques
Wafik Abassi, Fethi Aloui, Sassi Ben Nasrallah, Jack Legrand

38

A7: Lattice Boltzmann Method for 3-D Flows


Raoudha Chaabane, Faouzi Askri, Abdelmajid Jemni, Sassi Ben Nasrallah

39

A8: Turbulent Air Flow Investigation through the Vaned Diffuser Turbocharger using CFD
Abdelmadjid Chehhat, Mohamed Si-Ameur, Boussad Boumeddane

39

A9: Some Measurements in Multiple Jets


B. T. Kannan

40

A10: Study of Growth Rate in Turbulent Mixing Layers


D. K. RAKEND

40

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

A11: Natural Convection Heat Transfer of Water-Based CuO and Water-Based Al2O3 Nanofluids Through A
Horizontal Plate
41
zgr Damla, ztrk Ayegl, Kahveci Kamil
A12: Analysis of Coriolis Effect in a Curved Pipe Conveying Hydrogen Using Timoshenko Beam Element

41

B R Binulal, Suryan Abhilash, Kochupillai Jayaraj


A13: Inverse Design Method of Wind Turbine in Solar Chimney Power Plants Coupled with Geothermal Energy
Belkhir Negrou, Soumia Rahmouni, Noureddine Settou, Nasreddine Chennouf
A14: The Techniques Used for Performance Prediction of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs)
Mohamed S. Elmnefi, Ahmed M. Bofares

42
42

A15: Experimental Study of Two Immiscible Fluids and Free Surface Effects in Cylindrical TaylorCouette Flow
Narimene Merabet, Ammar Mahamdia
43
A16: Effect of Dispersed Nanoparticles on Thermophysical Properties of Nanofluid and Heat Transfer
Coefficients
Afshar Hossein, Shams Mehrzad, Mousavi Nainian Seyed Mojtaba, Ahmadi Goodarz

43

A17: Modeling and Numerical Investigation of Latent Heat Storage Unit Using Paraffin Wax P116
Radouane Elbahjaoui, Hamid El Qarnia

44

A18: Simulation of Exhaust Gas Reforming of Natural Gas in a Microchannel Reactor


Bulutoglu Pelin Su, Koc Sinan, Avci Ahmet K.

44

A19: The Effect of the Geomertical and Thermal Parameters on the Solidification Process in a Rectangular
Enclosure with Internal Fins
45
Laila Khatra, Hamid Elqarnia
A20: Investigation of Effective Parameters on the Human Body Exergy and Energy Model
Azadeh Shahidian, Zahra Abbasi

45

A21: Motion of a solid particle in a water flow inside a pipe


Salah Zouaoui, Aomar Ait Aider, Hassane Djebouri, Kamal Mohammedi And Sofiane Khelladi

46

A22: Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Cavity Receiver in Solar Tower
Sabrina Lecheheb, Amar Bouhallassa, Mohamed Laissaoui, Sofiane Bouaichaoui,
Abderrahmane Hamidat

46

A23: Parametric Study on Thermal Performance of PCM-Heat Sink Used for Electronic Cooling
Salma Gharbi, Souad Harmand, Sadok Ben Jabrallah

47

A24: Aerodynamic and Energy Analysis of an Industrial Wind Turbine


Mojtaba Tahani, Mohsen Moradi

47

A25: A CFD Analysis of the Air Flow Through the Stirling Engines Singularities
Houda Hachem, Ramla Gheith, Fethi Aloui, Sassi Ben Nasrallah, Meihong Wang

48

A26: Numerical and Experimental Investigation into the Jet and Dispersion of CO2 from Pressurized
Transportation Pipelines
Chuanlong Xu, Xinyin Zhang, Zuorong Ding, Shimin Wang

48

A27: Aerodynamic Investigation of a Wind Turbine Using CFD and Modified BEM Methods
Mojtaba Tahani, Mohsen Moradi

49

A28: Modelling Energetic Efficiency of Coil Annealing Using Hydrogen Gas


Abdallah Haouam, Maxence Bigerelle, Bachir Merzoug

49

A29: Modelling of Flat Plate and V-Corrugated Solar Air Heaters for Single and Counter Flow Operating Modes
Hicham El Ferouali, Said Doubabi, Mohammed Kouhila, Naji Abdenouri
50
A30: Parametric Numerical Study of Blood Flow Analysis in idealized Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Geometries
Djelloul Belkacemi, Boualem Laribi, Miloud Tahar Abbes
50
A31: Experimental Investigation of Surface Flow Structure Over Non-Slender Diamond Wing
Yanktepe Bulent, Ozalp Coskun, Sahin Besir, Cag Serkan

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51

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

A32: Experimental Investigations of the Effect of the Enrichment with Oxygen on the Stability of the Diffusion
Flame from Burners with Separate Injections
51
Mohamed Mahdi Belhaj Brahim, Mohamed Ali Mergheni, Jean-Charles Sautet, Sassi Ben Nasrallah
A33: Experimental Investigations of the Spherical Taylor-Couette Flow
Mohamed Mahloul, Ammar Mahamdia, Vaclav Sobolik

52

A34: Experimental Investigations on Condensation of Steam in Microchannels


Tahar Guermit, Noureddine Settou, Hasna Gualous.

52

A35: Development of a CFD Model for Prediction of a Natural Gas Fuelled HCCI Engine Combustion and
Performance Characteristics Employing a New Reduced Chemical Kinetic Mechanism
Poorghasemi Kamran, Khoshbakhti Saray Rahim, Bahlouli Keyvan

53

A36: Experimental Study of Heat and Mass Transfer for Liquid Film Evaporation Along a Vertical Plate
Covered With a Porous Layer
Amine Terzi, Sadok Ben Jabrallah, Souad Harmand

53

A37: Liquid Film Thickness: Study and Influence over Aqueous Foam Flow
Rogelio Chovet, Fethi Aloui

54

A38: Modeling of Wind Loads on Heliostats Installed in South Algeria for Various Pylon Height
Hakim Merarda, Mounir Aksas, Amor Gama, Toufik Arrif, Abd Elfateh Belaid

54

A39: Forced Convection in a Cylinder Filled with Porous Medium, Including Viscous Dissipation Effects
Boutheina Zallama, Leila Zili Ghedira, Sassi Ben Nasrallah

55

A40: Scavenging Process Analysis in a 2-Stroke Engine by CFD Approach for a Parametric 0D Model
Development
Stphanie Cagin, Nachida Bourabaa, Eric Delacourt, Cline Morin, 1Xavier Fischer, Daniel Coutellier
Bertrand Carr, Sylvain Loum
A41: Prediction of Heat and Mass Transfer within a Metal-Hydrogen Reactor Using the Lattice Boltzmann
Method
F. Bouzgarrou, F. Askri, S. Ben Nasrallah

55

56

A42: Experimental and Numerical Investigations of Blast Loading Around a Complex Structure
Ludovic Blanc, Jean-Luc Hanus, Mame William-Louis, Benjamin Le-Roux

56

A43: Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Flows Inside a Gamma Stirling Engine Regenerator
Ramla Gheith, Houda Hachem, Fethi Aloui, Sassi Ben Nasrallah

57

A44: Secondary Migration of Fang Crude Petroluem Related to Volumetric Flow Rate
Kaewku Cheranun, Promkotra Sarunya

57

A45: Characteristic of Savonius vertical axis rotor in water channel


Ibrahim Mabrouki, Zied Driss, Mohamed Salah Abid

58

A46: Numerical and Experimental Study on the Effects of Taylor Number on the Wavelength of the CouetteTaylor Flow
58
Mostafa Monfared, Ebrahim Shirani, Fethi Aloui, Mohammad Reza Salimpour
A47: Numerical and Dynamic Study of Flow Instabilities and Heat Transfer at a Backward Facing Step Using
the Lattice Boltzmann Method
59
Insaf Mehrez, Ramla Gheith, Fethi Aloui, Sassi Ben Nasrallah
A48: Hydrodynamics Design of a Tunnel Submarine with Dimension Analysis
Suner Mu, Salci S. Aydn, Yigit K. Suleyman

59

A49: Experimental Study and Numerical Modeling of Incompressible Flows in Safety Relief Valves
Anthony Couzinet, Jrme Ferrari, Laurent Gros, Christophe Vallet, Daniel Pierrat

60
60

A50: A numerical Investigation of Thermoelectric Generators for Heating Appliance


Alptekin Mustafa, Calsr Tamer, Yilmaz O. Turgut, Baskaya Senol

60

A51: Turbulent Plane Impinging Jet- Physical Insight and Turbulence Modelling
Charmiyan Mahmoud, Azimian Ahmad Reza, Laurent Keirsbulck, Shirani Ebrahim, Fethi Aloui

61

A52: Slug Catcher Multiphase CFD Modelling: Optimization and with Industrial Standards
Gianluca Montenegro, Gianluca DErrico, Augusto Della Torre, Luca Cadei, Silvia Masi

62

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

A53: Numerical Investigation of Non-Newtonian Blood Effect on Acoustic Streaming


Shahidian Azadeh, Aayani Roozbeh, Ghassemi Majid

62

A54: Turbulent Flows Structures Crossing Conical Diffusers: Angle Effect Analysis Using PIV Technique and
POD for Post-Processing
63
Emna Berrich, Fethi Aloui, Daniel Pierrat, Laurent Gros, Anthony Couzinet, Jack Legrand
A55: Experimental and Numerical Investigations to Evaluate the Performance of a New Heat Exchanger
Design
Daniel Pierrat, Anthony Couzinet, Laurent Gros1, Thierry Kunc, Emilie Jrme, Antoine Foata

TOPIC B: CO2 CAPTURE ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESMENT


B1: Wastes of Oil Drilling: Treatment Techniques and Their Effectiveness
Abbas Hadj Abbas, Hacini Messaoud, Aiad Lahcen
B2: Comparative study of the adsorption of Nickel on a natural bentonite and on a Streptomyces rimosus
dead biomass
Faroudja Mohellebi, Radia Yous
B3: Process Simulation and Energy Consumption Analysis for CO2 Capture with Different Solvents
Boyang Xue, Yanmei Yu, Jian Chen
B4: Effects of temperature and biodiesel fraction on densities of commercially available diesel fuel and its
blends with the highest methyl ester yield corn oil biodiesel produced by using NaOH: Part I
Bilgin Atilla, Glm Mert

64

65
67

67
68

68

B5: Effects of Temperature and Biodiesel Fraction on Dynamic Viscosities of Commercially Available Diesel
Fuel and its Blends with the Highest Methyl Ester Yield Corn Oil Biodiesel Produced by Using KOH: Part II 69
Glm Mert, Bilgin Atilla
B6: Sankey and Grassmann diagrams for mineral trade in the EU-28
Calvo Guiomar, Valero Alicia, Valero Antonio

70

B7: Plasma Technologies for Water Electrolyzers


Fateev V., Kulygin V., Nikitin S., Porembskiy V., Ostrovskiy S., Glukhov A.,Pushkarev A.

71

B8: Experimental Investigations on the Effects of Low Compression Ratio in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine 71
Vivegananth M., AshwinKanna K., Ramesh A.
B9: Experimental Analysis of Hydrogen Fuelled Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine 72
M. Mohamed Ibrahim, A. Ramesh
B10: Diesel Engine Performance and Emission Study Using Soybean Biodiesel Blends with Fossil Diesel
A. K. Azad, M. G. Rasul, B. Giannangelo

73

B11: Kinetic Study of Plastic Wastes With and Without Catalysts


Emna Berrich, Mohand Tazerout

73

B12: The valorization of the green alga Spirogyras biomass in the region of Ouargla-Algeria into renewable
biofuel
74
Souad Zighmi, Djamal Zerrouki, Mohamed Bilal Goudjil, Salah Eddine Bencheikh And Segni Ladjel
B13: Biodiesel production by transesterification of recycled vegetable oils
Souad Zighmi, Mohamed Bilal Goudjil, Salah Eddine Bencheikh And Segni Ladjel

74

B14: Study of Ethanol and 2-Propanol Electrooxidation on Activated Graphite Supported Pt and PtNi in Acidic
Medium
75
Mohamed Lyamine Chelaghmia, Mouna Nacef, Abed Mohamed Affoune, Ilhem Djaghout
B15: Effect of Surfactant on Selectivity in Extraction of Aromatic Hydrocarbons From Lube Oil
Hydaia Izza, Mourad Korichi

75

B16: A study on Energy and Environmental Management Techniques Used in Petroleum Industries
A. K. Azad, M. G. Rasul, S. F. Ahmed

76

B17: Recovery of Waste Farm after Methanization by Evaporation on Inclined Plate


Hiba Zouaghi, Souad Harmand, Sadok Ben Jabrallah

77

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

B18: Experimental Investigation on Citrullus Colocynthis Oil as Alternative Fuel


Aida Cherifa Ahmia, Fetta Danane, Rhiad Alloune, Rahma Bessah

78

B19: Regeneration of Waste Frying Oil for Biodiesel Production


Fetta Danane, Aida Cherifa Ahmia, Rhiad Alloune, Rahma Bessah

79

B20: Hydrogen Production from Methanol Electrolysis


Sabah Menia, Fatiha Lassoune, Hamou Tebibel, Abdallah Khellaf

80

B21: Regeneration of Peel of Peas (Pisum Sativum) after Zinc Adsorption


Sabah Menia, Amina Abbaci, Noureddine Azzouz

80

B22: Development of Solid Waste Management System for Adana Metropolitan Municipality
Kadir Aydin, ar n

81

B23: The Effect of Air with Supplementary Oxygen on Power and Fuel Consumption of Spark-Ignition Engine
Mojtab Tahani, Mohamad Hossein Ahmadi, Keayvan Keramati
81
B24: Effect of Ballast Water on Marine Ecosystem
Saglam Hacer, Duzgunes Ertug

82

B25: Determination of Metals in Water and Sediment Samples of the Srmene River, Turkey
Alkan Nigar, Alkan Ali, Eruz Cokun

82

B26: Experimental Investigation of n-Butanol/Diesel Fuel Blends and n-Butanol Fumigation- Evaluation of
Engine Performance, Exhaust Emissions and Heat Release
ahin Zehra, Orhan Durgun, Orhan N. Aksu

83

B27: Optimal Operation of MEA-Based Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Process for Natural Gas Combined
Cycle Power Plants
83
Xiaobo Luo, Meihong Wang
B28: Experimental Results of Split-flow Modification for Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Process
Marcin Stec, Adam Tatarczuk, Lucyna Wicaw-Solny, Aleksander Krtki, Tomasz Spietz, Andrzej Wilk,
Dariusz piewak

84

B29: Contribution of Alternative Fuels to Aircraft Exhaust Gas Emission Reduction


Sohret Yasin, Kaya Nevzet, Ozerdem M. Baris, Karakoc T. Hikmet

85

B30: Generating Temperature Maps of a Solar Receiver for a Domestic Parabolic Concentrator for Cooking
Purposes Under Algerian Environment
86
Fatiha Yettou, Boubekeur Azoui, Ali Malek, Narayan Lal Panwar, Amor Gama
B31: Membrane Desalination Technology in Algeria: Reverse Osmosis for Coastal Area
Z. Tigrine, H. Aburideh, M. Abbas, S.Hout, N. Kasbadji Merzouk, D. Zioui, M. Khateb

87

B32: Control of Cement Slurry Formulation for Oil Well in Critical Geological Layer
Soumia Bechar, Djamal Zerrouki

87

B33: Experimental and Numerical Investigations of Fabrication of TiO2 Compact Layer by the Spray Pyrolysis
Deposition System for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
88
Pernebayeva Damira, Upadhyaya Hari, Prabhakara Bobbili
B34: A Novel Approach to Local Level Design of Bioenergy Supply Chains Integrated with District Heating
Systems
ebnem Ylmaz Balaman, Hasan Selim

88

B35: A comparative Study on Some Methods to Use Tyre Pyrolysis Oil as an Alternative Fuel in a DI Diesel
Engine
89
Sivalingam Murugan, Hariharan Sundaramoorthi, Govindan Nagarajan, Bohumil Horak
B36: Multi-Criteria Analysis of Wood Plant
S. Coss, V. Verda, C. Rebillard, O. Le Corre

89

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

TOPIC C: THERMODYNAMIC, EXERGY AND ENERGY ANALYSES


C1: Electrochemical, energy, exergy and exergoeconomic analyses of hybrid photocatalytic hydrogen
production reactor for Cu-Cl Cycle
Tahir Abdul Hussain Ratlamwala and Ibrahim Dincer

91
93

C2: Energetic and Exergetic Analysis of a Heat Exchanger Integrated in a Solid Biomass-Fuelled Micro-CHP
System with an Ericsson Engine
93
Marie Creyx, Eric Delacourt, Cline Morin, Sylvain Lalot, Bernard Desmet
C3: LiBr Absorption Systems Integrated with HighEfficiency IGSG Plant
Rokni Masoud, Bellomare Filippo

94

C4: The Effect of Ambient Temperature to Tabriz Power Plant Efficiency


Sajjad Arefdehgani, Alireza Rostamzadeh Khosroshahi

94

C5: Energy and Exergy Analysis of Tabriz Power Plant for Different Loads
Peyman Beikmohammadi, Alireza Rostamzadeh khosroshahi

95

C6: Exergy and Energy Evaluation of Bio-ethanol Steam Reforming in a Catalytic Membrane Reactor
Hedayati Ali, Le Corre Olivier, Lacarrire Bruno, Llorca Jordi

95

C7: Experimental and Modeling study of Catalytic Steam Reforming of Bio-ethanol over Pd-Rh/CeO2 in a
Membrane Reactor
Ali Hedayati , Olivier Le Corre, Bruno Lacarrire, Jordi Llorca
C8: Exergy-Based Performance Evaluation of a Mini Class Gas Turbine
Kahraman Coban, Yasin Sohret, C.Ozgur Colpan, T.Hikmet Karakoc

96
97

C9: Exergetic Sustainability Assessment of a HALE UAV Fuelled with Dodecene as a Representative for
Kerosene Type Fuels
Kaya N., Turan ., Midilli A., Karako T.H.

98

C10: Effect of Thermal Conductivity of the Phase Change Material (PCM) on the Absorption Process of a
Metal-Hydrogen Reactor (LaNi5-H2)
Hatem Ben Mad, Amel Miled, Faouzi Askri, Sassi Ben Nasrallah

98

C11: Energy and exergy analysis of a solar-hydrogen hybrid renewable energy system in Ankara, Turkey
Ender zden, lker Tari

99

C12: Thermodynamic Analysis of Inlet Air cooling system for a centrifugal compressor
Suryan Abhilash, Arjunan Pradeep, Kim Gyuwan, Kim Heuy Dong

99

C13: A study on the Charge Discharge Cycle of a Compressed Hydrogen Tank for Automobiles
Suryan Abhilash, Kim Heuy Dong

100

C14: Integration of Pulse Combustion in Air Bottoming Cycle Power Plants


Mohamed Gadalla, Mohammad Saghafifar

101

C15: Multi-objective Optimization of a Cogeneration of Power and Heat in a Combined Gas Turbine and
organic Rankine cycle
Mansureh Khaljani, Rahim Khoshbakhti Saray, Keyvan Bahlouli

102

C16: Exergetic and Environmental Analysis of 100 MW Intercooled Gas Turbine Engine
Abdulrahman Almutairi , Pericles Pilidis, Nawaf Al-Mutawa

102

C17: Experimental Analysis and Thermodynamic Modeling of an Absorption-Diffusion Refrigerator


Radhouane Ben Jemaa, Rami Mansouri, Ahmed Bellagi

103

C18: Preliminary Numerical Investigations of Entropy Generation in Electric Machines Based on a Canonical
Configuration
103
Thomas Bol, Toni Eger, Gbor Janiga, Rdiger Schroth, Dominique Thvenin
C19: Exergoeconomic Approaches
Aicha Mabrouk, Jalel LabidI, Abdelaziz Rekik, Mohamed-Razak Jeday

104

C20: Evaluation of an Organic Rankine Cycle Using a Non-Imaging Solar Concentrator for Different Working
Fluids
105
Abid Ustaoglu, Junnosuke Okajima, Xin-Rong Zhang, Shigenao Maruyama

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

C21: Exergy and Energy Analysis of an Aircraft Air Cycle Machine at Designated Altitude
Sleyman Kaan Ayaz, nder Altunta, Emin Akkalp, T.Hikmet Karako

105

C22: Integrated Model of Horizontal Earth Pipe Cooling System for a Hot Humid Climate
S.F. Ahmed, M.M.K. Khan, M.T.O. Amanullah, M.G. Rasul, N.M.S. Hassan

106

C23: Waste Heat Recovery in a Sulfuric Acid Production Unit


Fathia Chouaibi, Jalel Belghaieb, Nejib Hajji

107

C24: Comparative Energy, Exergy and Environmental Analyses of Parabolic Trough Solar Thermal Power
Plant Using Nanofluids
108
Muhammad Abid, T.A.H Ratlamwala, Ugur Atikol
C25: Exergetic Simulation and Performance Assessment of 1-1 Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers
Suha Orun Mert, Utku Badak

109

C26: Parametric Exergetic Investigation of a Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cell System
Suha Orun Mert, Alper Reis

109

C27: Experimental and Numerical Investigations of a Small Turbojet Engine with the Aid of Exergy
Selcuk Ekici, Kahraman Coban, Onder Altuntas, T. Hikmet Karakoc

110

C28: The Correlon A multiscale Representation of Exergy


Yvain Canivet, Diogo Queiros-Conde, Lavinia Grosu

110

C29: Progress in High Performances, Low emissions and Exergy Recovery in Internal Combustion Engines 111
Plamen Punov, Teodossi EVTIMOV, Radu Chiriac, Adrian Clenci, 4Quentin Danel, Georges Descombes
C30: Thermoeconomic Multi-Objective Optimization of an Ammonia-Water Power/Cooling Cycle coupled with a
HCCI Engine
111
Keyvan Bahlouli, Khoshbakhti Rahim Saray
C31: Exergetic Optimisation of Atmospheric and Vacuum Distillation System Based on Bootstrap Aggregated
Neural Network Models
112
Osuolale Funmilayo N., Jie Zhang
C32: Modeling, simulation and optimization of solar assisted absorption cooling systems
Yavuz zelik, Zehra zelik, Nazl Yaar Tunca

113

C33: Exergetic Evaluation for Heat Exchanger Network in a Raw Petroleum Cracking Unit
Zehra zelik

113

C34: A New Concept of Stirling Machine Based on Rotary Architecture


Augusto Della Torre, Gianluca MontenegrO, Angelo Onorati, Tarcisio Cerri

114

C35: Exergy Analysis of Complex Ship Energy Systems


Pierre Marty, Jean-Franois Htet, David Chalet, Philippe Corrignan

115

C36: Design of an Inlet Air Cooling System for a Gas-Turbine Power Plant
mit nver, Mehmet Seluk Mert, Mehmet Direk, Fikret Yksel, Muhsin Kili

115

C37: Exergetic Analysis of a Gas Turbine with Inlet Air Cooling System
Mehmet Seluk Mert, Mehmet Direk, mit nver, Fikret Yksel, Mehmet smailolu

116

C38: Thermodynamic Analysis of a Novel CO2 Based Power Cycle Using the Cold of LNG and LowTemperature Solar Energy
Mehdi Mehrpooya, Mohammad Mehdi Moftakhari Sharifzadeh, Marc A. Rosen

116

C39: Exergy Analysis of a Hybrid System Including a Solar Panel, Fuel Cell and Absorption Chiller
M. Tahani, P. Ahmadi, N. Enadi, K. Rahmani, T. Sokhansefat, K. Keramati, S. Mirmahdian

117

C40: 3D Numerical Investigation of Ignition Timing Effects on the SI Engine exergy


Mohamadhasan Shojaeefard, Keayvan Keramati, Mojtaba Tahanai, Alireza Veisi

117

C41: Exergy and Exergoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of the Cogeneration Cycle Under Solar Radiation
Dynamic Model Using Genetic Algorithm
118
Kaveh Hanifi, Kourosh Javaherdeh, Mortaza Yari
C42: Influence of Operating Parameters on the Thermal Efficiency of Complexes Combined Cycle
Nihed Kilani , Tahar Khir, Ammar Ben Brahim

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118

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

C43: Assessment of CO2 Measurements Based on Exergetic Approach for Low Carbon Standards in Buildings
M Ziya Sogut., T. Hikmet Karakoc, smail Ekmeki
119
C44: Energetic and Exergetic Performance Assessment of a Marine Engine With Measurement of CO2
Emission
M. Ziya Sogut, Sleyman Ozkaynak , T. Hikmet Karakoc

119

C45: Thermodynamic Compass of Thermite Synthesis for Thermoelectric Fe2VAl, Together with Experimental
Validation
120
Tomohiro Akiyama, Asami Kikuchi, Keisuke Abe, Noriyuki Okinaka
C46: High-Temperature Latent Heat Storage Technology to Utilize Exergy of Solar Heat and Industrial Exhaust
Heat
120
Takahiro Nomura, and Tomohiro Akiyama
C47: Energetic and Exergetic Performance Comparisons of Various Flowsheet Options of Magnesium-Chlorine
Cycle
121
Hasan Ozcan and Ibrahim Dincer
C48: Exergy Analysis for Energy Systems
T. Srinivas

121

C49: Conventional and Advanced Exergy Analysis of Post-Combustion CO2 Capture from Supercritical CoalFired Power Plant
122
Akeem K. Olaleye, Meihong Wang
C50: Exergy of Laminar Flow in Porous Medium
Billel Yessad, Ferhat Souidi

122

C51: An Exergy Analysis of a Laboratory Scale Fast Pyrolysis Process Design


Fahmy Muthasim, Lee In-Gu

123

C52: Greenhouse Gas Emission & Thermodynamic Assessments of an Integrated Trigeneration System Based
on a SOFC Driving a GAX Absorption Refrigeration System as a Subsystem
123
Ata Chitsaz , Ali Saberi Mehr , Sed Mohammad Sed Mahmoudi , Mortaza Yari , Leyla Khani
C53: Energy and Exergy Analysis of a Novel Combined Power/Cooling Production Cycle Based on Solid Oxide
Fuel Cell
124
L. Khani, S. M. S. Mahmoudi, A. Chitsaz
C54: Combustion Analysis of Bio Fuel Derived From Waste Fish Fat
Edwin Geo Varuvel, Nadia Mrad, Mohand Tazerout, Fethi Aloui

124

C55: Performance Monitoring of Stirling Engine Using Least Squares Support Machine Technique
125
Mohammad H. Ahmadi, Mohammad Ali Ahmadi, Milad Ashouri, F. Razie Astaraei, R. Ghasempour, Fethi
Aloui
C56: Thermodynamic Performance Assessment and Comparison of Active Magnetic Regenerative and
Conventional Refrigeration Systems
Hadi Ganjehsarabi, Ibrahim Dincer, Ali Gungor

125

C57: Hierarchical Decomposition Thermodynamic Approach for the Study of Solar Absorption Refrigerators
Performances
126
Emna Berrich, Ali Fellah, Ammar Ben Brahim, Fethi Aloui, Michel Feidt
C58: Thermodynamic Analysis of the Irreversibilities in Solar Absorption Refrigerators
Emna Berrich, Ali Fellah, Ammar Ben Brahim, Fethi Aloui, Michel Feidt

TOPIC D: ENERGY STRATEGIES AND POLICIES

127

129

D1: Experimental performance analysis of an integrated air-conditioning split heat pump system for application
in a Mediterranean climate
131
Nieti Sandro, Kizilkan nder, oko Duje
D2: Technical and Economic Prefeasibility Study of Mini-Hydro Power Plants in Venezuela. Case Study: El
Valle River
131
Victor Trejo, Gabriela Diaz, Luis Rojas-Solorzano

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

D3: A study of the Effects of External Environment and Driving Modes on Electric Automotive Air-Conditioning
Load
132
Chuah Yew Khoy And Chen Yu-Tsuen
D4: Technical-Economic Prefeasibility Assessment of an off-grid Mini-Hydro Power Plant for an Agribusiness
Resort in Kaduna Nigeria
133
Adamu Victor, Ampofo Nana, Pramono Jati Ario Panggi, Tulabing Ryan, Rojas-Solorzano Luis
D5: Optimization of Energy Cost Sea Water Desalinization by Reverse Osmosis: Case of Bousmail Station in
Algeria
134
Souad Bouzid-Lagha And Yacine Matrouh
D6: Multi-Objective Optimization of Distillation Sequence Using a Genetic Based Algorithm
Mert Suha Orcun, zelik Yavuz

134

D7: PV Genonnected to Domestic Three Phase Electrical Network


Arrouf Mohamed, Almi Med Fayal

135

D8: Technical and Economic Prefeasibility Analysis of Residential Solar PV System in South Kazakhstan. 135
Anuar Assamidanov, Nurbol Nogerbek, Luis Rojas-Solorzano
D9: Contribution of the Cogeneration Systems to Environment and Sustainability
omakli Kemal, akir Uur, okgez Ku Ayegl, ahin Erol

136

D10: Solar Calculations of Modified Arch (Semi-Spherical) Type Greenhouse System for Bayburt City
akir Uur, ahin Erol, omakli Kemal, okgez Ku Ayegl

137

D11: Estimation of Global Solar Radiation in Arid Climates in Algeria


Malika Fekih, Mohamed Saighi

137

D12: Technical-Economic Assessment of Energy Efficiency Measures in a Mid-Size Industry


Sara Benavides, Maria Bitosova, Javier De Gregorio, Aubin Welschbillig, Luis Rojas-Solorzano

138

D13: Smart Simulator for Tracking the Global Maximum Power Peak of Photovoltaic Arrays Under Partial
Shaded Conditions
Saad Saoud Merwan, Abbassi Hadj Ahmed, Kermiche Saleh, Ouada Mahdi

138

D14: Study and Analysis on Lighting Energy Management for Highway


Yoomak Suntiti, Ngaopitakkul Atthapol

139

D15: Influence of Wind Farm on Distribution System Current Characteristics during Fault Occurrence
Ananwattanaporn Santipont, Ngaopitakkul Atthapol, Jettanasen Chaiyan,Pothisarn Chaichan,
Leelajindakrairerk Monthol

139

D16: Operating Oil Refinery Units Under Uncertainty: Thermodynamics and Economics Implications
Al-Mutairi Eid

140

D17: Ecological Analysis of a Wind-Diesel Hybrid Power System in the South Algeria
Khaireddine Allali, El Bahi Azzag

140

D18: Comparative Study of Two Integrated Solar Collectors with Symmetric and Asymmetric CPC Reflectors
Based on a Ray Trace Analysis
141
Olfa Helal, Raouf Benrejeb, Bchir Chaouachi
D19: Thermoeconomic Optimization of Hydrogen Production and Liquefaction by Geothermal Power
Yilmaz Ceyhun, Kanoglu Mehmet, Abusoglu Aysegul

141

D20: A case-study of energy modeling of a school building in Astana city (Kazakhstan)


Uyzbayeva Aigerim, Tyo Valeriya, Sedov Artem

142

D21: Exergoeconomic and Exergoenvironmental Analysis and Optimization of the Cogeneration Cycle Under
Dynamic Solar Radiation Model Using Two Renewable Sources
143
Kaveh Hanifi, Kourosh Javaherdeh, Mortaza Yari
D22: Indicators of Sustainability Energy Management Based on Energy Audit for Hotels
Oz M. E. U., Sogut M. Z., Karako T.H.

144

D23: Using a Porous Environment to Produce Radian Heat to Optimize Energy Consumption and Reduce
Pollution in Heating the Furnaces
144
Hossein Afshar, Esmaeil Khosroabadi, Mehdi Tajdari

-15-

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

D24: Sn/Graphene Binary Nanocomposite Anode Electrodes for High Performance Li-Ion Battery Applications
Guler Mehmet Oguz, Erdas Aslihan, Nalci Deniz, Ozcan Seyma, Akbulut Hatem
145
D25: Data-Driven Modeling for Energy Consumption Estimation
Chunsheng Yang, Qiangqiang Cheng, Pinhua Lai, Jie Liu, Hongyu Guo
D26: Estimation of Global Solar Radiation and Photovoltaic Panels Sizing for Solar Powering of Water
Pumping Systems in Hadejia, Nigeria
Saleh Sani, Mohammed Ibrahim, Saleh Bashir, Lawan Taura
D27: A simple Model of Finite Resource Exploitation: Application to the Case of Oil
Reis A. Heitor
D28: Aero-Thermal Optimization of a Heat Sink Using Variable Neighbourhood Search
Pierre-Olivier Jandaud, Louis Lambourg, Souad Harmand

145

146
147
147

D29: Development and Application of a Simple and Reliable Power Regulator for Small-Scale Island Wind
Turbine
148
Yongjun Dong, Yang Zhao, Jianmei Chen, Mingqi Xu, Xueming Zhang, Jingfu Guo
D30: Design and Economic Analysis of Photovoltaic Systems in Different Cities of Turkey
Sekuolu Suphi Anil, Bali Tlin

148

D31: Contribution to the Control Power of a Wind System with Storage System
Ihssen Hamzaoui, Farid Bouchafaa, Abdel azizTalha

149

D32: Performance Evaluation of SWRO Desalination Plant of Skikda (Algeria)


F. Ammour, R. Chekroud, S.Houli, A.Kettab

149

D33: Performance Assessment and Multi Objective Optimization of a Tri-generation System Using a Modified
Biomass Gasification Model
150
Khanmohammadi Shoaib, Atashkari Kazem, Kouhi Kamali Ramin, Ahmadi Pouria
D34: Study of a PV- Electrolyzer-Fuel Cell Hybrid System
Amina Gueridi, Abdallah Khellaf, Djaffar Semmar, Larbi Loukarfi

150

D35: Experimental and numerical investigations of a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system as a
wind energy storage option
151
Abdul Hai Alami, Camilia Aokal, Monadhel Jabar Alchadirchy
D36: Feasibility Study of a Novel One Axe Sun Tracking System with Reflector Displacement in Parabolic
Trough Concentrator
151
A. Gama, C. Larbes, A. Malek, F. Yettou
D37: Modeling, Simulation and Optimization of an Irrerversible Solar Absorption Cooling Plant in Transient
Regime
152
Boukhchana Yasmina, Fellah Ali, Ben Brahim Ammar
D38: Testing and Analysis of R134a Clathrates with Additives for Cooling Applications
Sayem Zafar, Ibrahim Dincer, Mohamed Gadalla

TOPIC E: MEASUREMENTS IN EXERGY, ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT PROCESSES


E1: Mathematical Filtering Analysis of Infrared Images in Integrated-Circuit Techniques
Imre Benk
E2: On the influence of low-power laser source on the evaporation of single droplets: experimental and
numerical approaches
M.H. Sadafi, S. Gonzlez Ruiz, M.R. Vetrano, J. van Beeck, I. Jahn, J.-M. Buchlin, K. Hooman
E3: Performance Analysis of Ceramic Composite Thermal Protection System Tiles
Arjunan Pradeep, Suryan Abhilash, Kurian Sunish

153

155
157

158
159

E4: Developing High Resolution Remote Sensing Technology Into an Advanced Knowledge Management
System to Assess Small Scale Hydro-Power Potential in Kazakhstan
160
Marzhan Kabiyeva, Dina Kaskina, Roland Bradshaw

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

E5: Investigation of Thermal Characteristic of Eutectic Fatty Acid/Damar Gum as a Composite Phase Change
Material (CPCM)
161
Hadi Fauzi, Hendrik S. C. Metselaar, T. M. I. Mahlia, Mahyar Silakhori, Hwai Chyuan Ong
E6: Improving of Angstrm-Prescott Model Using the Harmonic Analysis
Yavuz Selim Gl, smail Dabanl, Eyp iman, Zekai en

161

E7: EEG Analysis Using Wavelet Packet Transforms on Mean Energy and Mean Teager Energy with Artificial
Neuro-Fuzzy System
162
K. S. Biju, M. G. Jibukumar, Dr. C. Rajasekharan
E8: In-cylinder Temperature and Equivalence Ratio Field and NOx Distribution Reconstruction Using Proper
Orthogonal Decomposition Technique
163
Hossein Akbari, Ali Salavati-Zadeh, Ahmad Javaheri, Vahid Esfahanian, Hossein Ghomashi
E9: Optical Simulation of Different Cavity Receivers Shape Used in Solar Tower Power Plant
Toufik Arrif, Adel Benchabane, Amor Gama, Hakim Merarda, Abdelfateh Belaid

163

E10: Improved wind Speed Prediction Results by Artificial Neural Network Method
Asilhan Sevinc Sirdas, Nilcan Akatas, Ercan Izgi

164

TOPIC F: SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS

165

F1: Experimental Analysis of Thermal Comfort of Building Integrated Phase Change Materials
M. Faraji, M. El Alami, M. Najam, D. Saifaoui, M. Abid

167

F2: Technical and Economical Prefeasibility Study of a Solar Water Heating (SWH) System in an Apartment
Building in Cape Town
167
Olugbeminiyi Idowu, Toluwalope Ige, Nicole Legenski, Amin A. Mustafa, Luis Rojas-Solorzano
F3: Determining Optimum Insulation Thickness of a Building Wall using an Environmental Impact Approach 168
Glcan zel, Emin Akkalp, T. Hikmet Karakoc, Arif Hepbasli, Ahmet Aydn
F4: Energetic and Exergetic Design Evaluations of a Building Block Based on Hybrid Solar Envelope Method
Mert Yelda, Saygn Nicel
168
F5: Natural Ventilation Around and Through Building: A Numerical Study
A. Kaddour, S.M.A. Bekkouche

AUTHORS INDEX

169

171

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Exergetic Analysis of a Gas Turbine with Inlet Air Cooling System


* Mehmet

Seluk MERT, Mehmet DREK, mit NVER, Fikret YKSEL, Mehmet SMALOLU

Yalova University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Energy Systems Engineering


University Campus, Cinarcik Yolu, 77200, Yalova, Turkey
E-mail: * msmert@yalova.edu.tr, mehmetdirek@hotmail.com, umit.unver@yalova.edu.tr, fyuksel@yalova.edu.tr,
mehmet_ism@yahoo.com

Keywords: Exergy Analysis, Inlet Air Cooling, Gas Turbine


Abstract
The climate condition affects the performance of the combined-cycle power plants. The efficiency of the combined
cycle is significantly influenced by the temperature, pressure and humidity of the air. When the ambient air
temperature increases, the density of the air decreases, and it leads to a reduction of power generated by the gas
turbine. In this work, the energy and exergy analysis of a commercial gas turbine, with inlet air cooling, was
performed. The effects of fogging system on gas-turbine performance studied. For this aim, the energy and exergy
balances were obtained for each piece of equipment. Calculations have been made for four different cases for the
regarded gas turbine system. Furthermore, exergetic efficiency, exergy destruction rates and improvement
potentials were obtained, and the results of the study demonstrated graphically. It is concluded that the net power
output of the gas turbine system increased at lower inlet temperatures and exergy destruction rates occurred from
highest to lowest as combustion chamber (CC), gas turbine (GT) and air compressor (AC), respectively.

I. Introduction

and exergetic efficiencies of the system obviously


increased via using the cooling processes. Sanaye and
Tahani (2010) studied the effects of evaporative
cooling on gas turbine performance. They proposed
the prediction equations for the amount of actual
increased net power output of various gas turbines.
Chaker et al. (2002) provided the results of extensive
experimental and theoretical studies, coupled with
practical aspects learned in the design and
implementation of nearly 500 inlet fogging systems on
gas turbines ranging from 5 to 250 MW. They modeled
the transient behavior of droplets for droplet diameters.
Hosseini et al. (2007) have investigated the
performance of gas turbines of a commercial power
plant using media evaporative coolers and obtained
that the payback period of the investment as four
years. At an ambient temperature of 38C and a
relative humidity of 8%, a temperature drop of 19C
was achieved, that the output of the gas turbine of
plant increases by 11 MW. Gord and Dashtebayaz
(2009) proposed a system to enhance the gas turbine
performance by reducing the inlet air temperature and
reported that the performance of the cycle increased in
range of 1.55%.

Energy is a fundamental concept of thermodynamics


and power generation is one of the important
application areas of engineering analysis. A Power
plant which uses fossil fuel operates on the base of a
vapor power cycle, a gas power cycle or both cycles as
a combined cycle. In the conventional fossil fueled
power plants, chemical energy of the fuel is first
converted into mechanical energy and finally to
electrical energy.
The efficiency of the cycle is significantly influenced by
the temperature, pressure and humidity of the inlet air.
When the ambient temperature increases, the density
of the air decreases, and it leads to a reduction of
power generated by the gas turbine. In order to avoid
the loss of gas turbine power output during hot
seasons, there is a need to use a cooling system to
decrease the inlet air temperature. Furthermore, the
increase in ambient air temperature also causes a
significant increase in the gas turbine heat transfer rate
and consequently operating cost rate. In order to
overcome the loss of gas turbine power output during
hot seasons is to cool the inlet air.

Utamura et al. (1998) determined that the power output


of the gas turbine could be increased by 10% using 1%
fogging under ambient conditions of 35C and 53%
relative humidity. Bhargava et al. (2005) studied inlet
air cooling effect on gas turbine performance by using
fogging system and reported that high pressure inlet
fogging could have different influencing effect on the
performance of a Combine Cycle Power Plant. An
analytical method for evaluating the applicability of
combined cycle power plant with inlet air cooling
developed by Yang et al. (2009). They concluded that
inlet fogging is superior in terms of power output at
15-20C ambient temperatures when compared with
chilling. Hartel et al. (2003) studied the effects of

Many researchers have studied different cooling


methods to enhance the performance of gas turbine
plants operating at high-temperature environmental
conditions. These cooling methods are mainly
evaporative coolers, spray inlet coolers or fogging
systems, and mechanical refrigeration or chillers
(Ehyaei et al. 2011). Comparative performance
analysis of evaporative cooling, refrigeration cooling,
and mechanical cooling for compressor inlet air
conducted by Kakaras et al. (2004). In a different work,
a gas turbine cogeneration plant with inlet air cooling
and evaporative after cooling studied by Khaliq and
Dincer (2011) and they concluded that the energetic

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7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

kn
L
o
P
ph
pt
q
v
w

fogging on the work of compression. Their results


demonstrated that the beneficial effects of wet
compression decreases when the droplet diameter
increases. Ehyaei et al. (2011) investigated the effects
of inlet fogging system on the first and second law
efficiencies for a typical power plant. Athari et al.
(2015) performed energy, exergy and exergoeconomic
analyses of the integration of biomass gasification with
a gas turbine plant incorporating fog cooling. Their
results showed that increasing gas turbine inlet
temperature improved the energy and exergy
efficiencies. Salvi et al. (2002) emphasized the
advantages of using an ejection cooling system and
proposed the technique of compression inlet air cooling
through an ejection system supplied by the exhaust
heat of the gas turbine. Shirazi et al. (2014) have
developed and modeled a thermal energy storage
(ITES) system for cooling the inlet air of a gas turbine
cycle and the results showed that the output power and
exergetic efficiency of the plant improved by 11.63%
and 3.59% respectively.

kinetic
Loss
out
product
physical
potential
heat
water vapour
liquid water

II. Gas Turbine System


Fig.1. shows the gas-turbine system operating on the
basis of a Brayton cycle. The system consists of
fogging sprayer, compressor, combustion chamber,
gas turbine and generator. A fogging system has been
installed to the air intake system of the investigated gas
turbine which is a part of a combined cycle power
plant, located in Marmara Region, Turkey. The nominal
power output of the gas turbine is 239 MW at ISO
conditions (15C and 60% RH). The mass flow of the
air in the compressor is 649 kgs-1 and the pressure
ratio is 16 bar.

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of


fogging system on gas turbine performance. The
influence of fogging system on the net power output is
determined. Calculations have been made for four
different cases for regarded gas turbine system. The
cases based on different ambient temperatures. The
results obtained by using energy and exergy analysis
for the gas turbine system and compared by
graphically.

In fogging system, water mist is sprayed by nozzles in


the upstream of the filters in the opposite direction to
the compressor air flow direction to increase
gas-turbine power output. There are a total number of
5400 nozzles and operates at 70 bar.

Nomenclature
AC
air compressor
CC
combustion chamber
specific exergy (kJ/kg)
e
x

h
I& pot

specific enthalpy (kJ/kg)


improvement potential (MW)

m&

mass flow (kg/s)


Natural Gas
pressure (kPa)
specific entropy (kJ/kg K)
temperature (K)
heat (kJ/kg)
work (kJ/kg)
mole composition (%)

NG
P
s
T
q
w
X

Fig. 1: Block flow diagram of the gas turbine

High purity demineralized water is used in the fogging


sprayer which is prepared by the reverse osmosis
system. The pH of the water is set between 6-7 at the
outlet of the reverse osmosis. First, water is stored in
a tank and subsequently pumped to nozzles. In the
nozzles, demineralized water is atomized by using
droplets which have less than 50 micron diameter.
Then the water mist enters to the air flow passage
and afterwards evaporates quickly giving a cooling
effect when exposed to the air stream.

Greek Letters
exergy, (MW)
&

exergy efficiency (%)


relative humidity (%)

cooler efficiency

Subscripts
a
ch
D
F
gen
i
k

humidity ratio

ambient air
chemical
destruction
fuel
generated
in
kth komponent

Therefore evaporative cooling has some limitations


based on the ambient humidity conditions which can
be determined by a psychometric chart (Fig. 2).

-2-

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

The general exergy balance equation can be


expressed as follows:

& F ,k = & P ,k + & L ,k + & D ,k

(6)

Here the F, P, L, and D indices are for fuel, product,


loss and destruction, respectively.
Exergy loss and exergy destruction can be formulated
as follows, respectively:

& L ,k = Qk .(1 To / T )
& D ,k = T0 S& gen ,k

(7)
(8)

Physical exergy is defined as follows

ex

Fig. 2: Fogging process on a psychometric diagram

ph
ph
m& 3ex ,3 + W&comp m& 4ex ,4 & D ,AC = 0

(1)

ph
ph
m& 4 ex ,4 + & Fuel m& 6ex ,6 & D ,CC = 0

(2)

ph
ph
m& 6 ex ,6 W&GT m& 7 ex ,7 & D ,GT = 0

(3)

(11)

(12)

The exergetic efficiency of a thermal power can be


written as follows:

The total enthalpy of atmospheric air is given by Eq.4


(Cengel and Boles, 2010)

h = ha + hv CpT + hg

(10)

An exergy rate balance for the turbine can be written


as:

The fogging outlet temperature can be found as follow


(Shanbghazani et al., 2008):

T1 = Ta (Ta Tb ).

(9)

An exergy rate balance for the combustion chamber


can be written as:

The humidity ratio () can be described as follows


(Eq.2):

0.622Pv
=
P Pv

= ( h h0 ) T0 ( s s0 )

An exergy rate balance for the compressor can be


expressed as:

Eq.1 gives the heat interaction between the ambient air


and the saturated air (Kumara et al., 2007):

Cpa (Ta T1 ) = (1 a )h fg

ph

k = & P ,k / & F ,k = 1 ( & D ,k / & F ,k )

(4)

(13)

Exergy destruction ratio is the amount of exergy


destruction rate per fuel exergy, and it can be written
as in the following equation:

The temperature of air after evaporative cooling can


be obtained from energy balance on the dry air.

y D,k = & D,k / & F ,k

m& w ( hv1 hw1 ) = m& a( ha1 ha1 ) + w f m& a ( hv1 hv1 ) (5)

(14)

IV. Results and Discussion


III. Energy and Exergy Analysis

Calculations are carried out considering different inlet


temperatures at constant humidity (40%) of air. For
this aim, four distinct cases are determined. In the
cases 25, 30, 35 and 40 C selected as the ambient
temperatures at the inlet of the fogging system.

The performance of the system can be analyzed via


applying the conservation principles of energy that is
described by the first law of thermodynamics. On the
other hand, exergy is a very important tool in
analyzing and designing the energy systems. The
exergy method provides effective assistance in
identifying,
evaluating
and
reducing
the
thermodynamic inefficiencies and highlights the
possible improvements.

The exergy analysis has been performed with the foll


owing assumptions:

-3-

The system is in a steady state, and potential


and kinetic energy effects are negligible.

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Tab. 4: Compositions of the flues gas in the cases


COMB
N2
O2
CO2
H2O(g)
Composition (%)
(%)
(%)
(%)
(%)

Air and natural gas are ideal gases.


The gain and loss of heat, pressure drops have
been neglected, and all equipment operates
adiabatically.
Natural gas is completely burned in the
combustion chamber and the NOx emissions
that are produced as a result of the combustion
within the gas engine are negligible.
The percentage of O2 in the flue gas assumed
as 13,459% in all cases.
Relative humidity of the air assumed as 90% in
the downstream of the fogging system.
The mass flow rate in the air compressor is
649 kgs-1 in all cases.
Environmental conditions were taken as the
reference state for each case.

X (%)

C3H8

C4H10

N2

88.50

4.70

1.60

0.20

5.00

78.036

20.689

0.030

1.245

Case 2

(30oC)

77.702

20.600

0.029

1.668

Case 3

(35oC)

77.273

20.487

0.029

2.211

Case 4 (40oC)

76.727

20.342

0.029

2.901

3.934

2.901

Case 2

78.841

13.459

3.817

3.883

Case 3

77.733

13.459

3.668

5.140

Case 4

76.331

13.459

3.477

6.733

Fuel Flow
(kg/s)
Air Flow
(kg/s)
Excess Air
(%)
O2 (%) in
the flue gas
Sprayed
water (kg/s)
Generated
Power (MW)

Tab. 2: Composition of the air at the fogging system inlet


( =40%)
N2
O2
CO2
H2O(g)
(%)
(%)
(%)
(%)
Case 1 (25oC)

13.459

Fuel Type

Tab. 1: Composition of natural gas


C2H6

79.706

Tab. 5: Technical information for the cases

Tab.1 shows the composition of natural gas that was


used in the calculations. Tab. 2 and Tab. 3
demonstrates inlet and outlet air compositions of the
fogging system for different cases.

CH4

Case 1

Natural
Gas

Natural
Gas

Natural
Gas

Natural
Gas

14.748

14.624

14.354

13.940

649

649

649

649

176.52

181.94

189.41

199.83

13.459

13.459

13.459

13.459

6.404

8.627

11.512

15.236

223.26

221.37

217.29

211.02

21,30

25,30

WGen (MW)

69000

218
216

68000

214

67000

0.029

2.802

Case 2 (21.3oC)

76.054

20.164

0.029

3.754

212

Case 3 (25.3oC)

75.088

19.908

0.029

4.976

210

66000

208

65000

206
204
CASE 1

Tab. 4 demonstrates the flue gas composition at the


outlet of the gas turbine. As mentioned above the
percentage of O2 is assumed to be constant during
the calculations.

Fuel (Nm3/h)

220

20.363

6.529

29,40
71000
70000

222

76.806

0.028

Case-4

224

Case 1 (17.4oC)

19.582

Case-3

Air Compressor Inlet Temperature (oC)

Tab. 3: Composition of the air at the fogging system outlet


( =90%)
N2
O2
CO2
H2O(g)
(%)
(%)
(%)
(%)

73.861

Case-2

Fig. 3 demonstrates the performance of the gas


turbine system with fogging at different cases. Based
on the results when the inlet temperature of the air
increases, it causes a decrease in flow rate of the fuel.
Thus, the generated power of the gas turbine also
decreased.

17,40
226

Case 4 (29.4oC)

Case-1

64000
CASE 2

CASE 3

CASE 4

Fig. 3: Performance of the gas turbine with fogging system


at different cases

Tab. 6 illustrates the flow properties and the


calculated energy and exergy amounts of the streams
for the related cases. Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 shows fuel
consumption versus generated power (MW) and air
compressor inlet temperature, respectively.

Tab. 5 summarizes the technical information on the


cases which is considered in the evaluation. Table
shows the variations of calculated values of the
generated power for the system.

-4-

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Tab. 6: Flow properties and energy-exergy amounts of the streams


CASE-1

m&

Stream

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Air
Water
Air
Air
Natural Gas
Combustion Gas
Combustion Gas

Stream

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Air
Water
Air
Air
Natural Gas
Combustion Gas
Combustion Gas

Stream

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Air
Water
Air
Air
Natural Gas
Combustion Gas
Combustion Gas

Stream

Air
Water
Air
Air
Natural Gas
Combustion Gas
Combustion Gas

P
(kPa)

T
(oC)

h
(kJ/kg)

642.596
6.404
649.000
649.000
14.748
663.748
663.748

101.325
101.325
101.325
1,600.400
4,000.987
1,580.400
1.041

25.000
20.000
17.400
480.000
200.000
1,350.000
558.000
CASE-2

24.089
83.834
27.638
533.222
635.898
1601.494
637.915

m&
(kg/s)

P
(kPa)

T
(oC)

h
(kJ/kg)

640,373
8.627
649.000
649.000
14.624
663.624
663.624

101.325
101.325
101.325
1,600.400
4,000.987
1,580.400
1.041

30.000
20.000
21.300
480.000
200.000
1,350.000
558.000
CASE-3

38.582
83.834
43.675
555.594
635.898
1625.942
656.415

m&
(kg/s)

P
(kPa)

T
(oC)

h
(kJ/kg)

637.488
11.512
649.000
649.000
14.354
663.354
663.354

101.325
101.325
101.325
1,600.400
4,000.987
1,580.400
101.400

35.000
20.000
25.300
480.000
200.000
1,350.000
558.000
CASE-4

49.791
83.834
55.780
574.709
635.898
1650.592
675.010

m&
(kg/s)

P
(kPa)

T
(oC)

h
(kJ/kg)

633.765
15.236
649.000
649.000
13.940
662.940
662.940

101.325
101.325
101.325
1,600.400
4,000.987
1,580.400
1.041

40.000
20.000
29.400
480.000
200.000
1,350.000
558.000

66.139
83.834
74.277
604.623
635.898
1689.136
704.236

71000

71000

70000

70000

69000

69000

Fuel (Sm3/h)

Fuel (Sm3/h)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

(kg/s)

68000
67000

s
(kJ/kgK)

6.5291
0.0307
6.4854
6.7402
11.5477
7.7088
7.6010
s
(kJ/kgK)

6.5627
0.0307
6.4973
6.7675
11.5477
7.7377
7.6280
s
(kJ/kgK)

6.5867
0.0307
6.5007
6.7889
11.5477
7.7652
7.6550
s
(kJ/kgK)

6.6189
0.0307
6.5033
6.8198
11.5477
7.8056
7.6930

Exergy
(MW)

Energy
(MW)

0.00
0.52
1.65
280.47
683.16
782.68
164.45

15.48
0.54
17.94
346.06
709.87
1,062.99
423.41

Exergy
(MW)

Energy
(MW)

0.00
0.71
3.86
282.95
677.45
783.13
161.81

24.71
0.72
28.34
360.58
703.89
1,079.01
435.61

Exergy
(MW)

Energy
(MW)

0.00
0.96
3.18
282.33
665.00
781.48
156.84

31.74
0.97
36.20
372.99
690.92
1,094.93
447.77

Exergy
(MW)

Energy
(MW)

0.00
1.29
4.10
283.96
645.84
783.72
154.17

41.92
1.28
48.21
392.40
670.96
1,119.80
466.87

68000
67000

66000

66000

65000

65000
64000

64000
210

215
220
WGen (MW)

15

225

Fig. 4: Fuel Consumption (Sm3/h) versus


generated power (MW)

20
25
30
Air Compressor Inlet Temperature (oC)

Fig. 5: Fuel Consumption (Sm3/h) versus


air compressor inlet temperature (oC)

-5-

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Exergy of fuel, exergy of product, exergy destruction


rate, improvement potential, exergetic efficiency, and
the exergy destruction ratio were calculated through
Case-1 to Case-4 and the results obtained from the
exergy analysis are given in Tab. 7.

Fig. 8 demonstrates the exergy flows and


improvement potential of the components of the
gas-turbine system. Based on the mean values of the
the cases; exergy of fuel, exergy of product, exergy
destruction rate and improvement potentials of the
system components were compared.

CAS E 4

CAS E 3

& F

& P

& D

(MW)

(MW)

(MW)

AC

309.58

278.82

30.76

3.06

90.1

9.9

CC

963.63

782.68

180.95

33.98

81.2

18.8

GT

782.68

697.28

85.39

11.80

86.2

10.9

AC

309.58

279.08

30.50

3.00

90.2

9.9

CC

960.40

783.13

177.27

32.72

81.5

18.5

GT

783.13

692.76

90.37

13.15

85.5

11.5

AC

309.58

279.15

30.43

2.991

90.2

9.8

CC

947.32

781.48

165.85

29.03

82.5

17.5

GT

781.48

683.72

97.763

15.30

84.4

12.5

AC

309.58

279.86

29.72

2.85

90.4

9.6

CC

929.79

783.73

146.07

22.95

84.3

15.7

GT

783.72

674.77

108.96

18.86

82.7

13.9

(%)

y
(%)

Overall

Ipot
(MW)

CC

GT

CP

AC

CAS E 1

CAS E 1

CASE

Tab. 7: Results obtained from exergy analysis

To

Temperature (oC)

Improvement Potential (MW)

Exergy Destruction (MW)

Exergy of Product (MW)

Exergy of Fuel (MW)

Fig. 8: Exergy flows and improvement potential of the


components based on the mean values of the cases

The performance of the fogging system can be seen


from Fig. 6 and generated power on different
compressor inlet temperatures demonstrated in Fig. 7.
40

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Exergy (MW)

Due to the exergetic evaluation, it was found that the


efficiency of GT is higher than the efficiency of CC while
the AC was the highest one among the components in
each case (Tab. 7). Furthermore, the highest amount of
exergy destruction and improvement potentials
occurred in combustion chamber and the lowest values
occurred in air compressor in the cases (Tab. 7).

ACinlet
40

35

35
30

30

29.4

V. Conclusions

25

25.3

25
20

17.4

The performance of a gas turbine power plant can be


affected by many parameters. Among these, the
temperature of combustion air plays an important role
and directly affects the net power output. In this
study, exergetic analysis of a gas turbine with fogging
system was performed. According to the results, the
performance of the gas turbine system decreased with
the increase in the intake air temperature.

21.3

15
CASE 1

CASE 2

CASE 3

CASE 4

Fig. 6 : The variation of the air temperature before and after


fogging system at different cases

Furthermore, the gas turbine system was also


investigated from the exergetic view point. Based on
the results, exergy destruction rates were ranged from
highest to lowest as CC, GT and AC within the cases.
Additionally, best improvement potential has been
obtained for the CC while the most efficient component
was the AC in all cases.

230

WGen (MW)

225
220
215
210
205

In conclusion, exergy is a very important tool in


analyzing and designing energy systems. The
methodology and results of this work can be useful in
the analysis and design of similar systems. The results
of the present study can be used as a basis for
exergoeconomic evaluation.

200
15

20

25

30

Air Compressor Inlet Temperature (oC)

Fig. 7: Generated power (MW) versus air compressor inlet


temperature
-6-

7th International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium

Shanbghazani M., Khalilarya S., and Mizaee I., Exergy


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Cengel Y.A., and Boles M.A., Thermodynamics: An
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Chaker M., Meher-Homji C.B., Mee T., Inlet fogging of gas
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Dincer I. and Rosen M.A. Exergy: Energy, Environment and
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