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BCR: Which Towel?

In order to conduct the experiment you will need two 100 mL beaker,
water, the brands of paper towels you are testing, and a timer.
1. Fill both 100 mL beakers with water and check their initial
volume.
2. Set the timer for 5 minutes.
3. Place one sheet of each different brand of paper towel in each
beaker.
4. Start the timer.
5. When time runs out remove the paper towels from their
respective beakers.
6. Check how much water the beaker has lost.
Independent variable: Type of paper towel. Dependent variable: Water
absorbed.
The most important data that will answer the question will be how
much water the beaker lost. This can be found by subtracting the final
volume from the initial volume after time is up. To ensure the accuracy
of these results conduct the experiment several times and check the
consistency of the data. If the data is consistent, your data is accurate.
BCR: Water Molecule

Oxygen has the lowest electronegativity and is thus the central atom.
There is only one central atom and thus A is 1. The two hydrogen
atoms occupy spaces on either side of the central atom and form
covalent bonds with the valence electrons of the oxygen atom. There
are two of these and as such B is 2. There are two lone pairs on the
oxygen atom, thus E is 2. With a signature of A1B2E2, the molecule
has a bent structure. This also makes the molecule asymmetrical and
polar with the positive hydrogen atoms on one side and the negative
oxygen atoms on the other. This allows the water molecule to become
attracted to many other different types of molecules. Water can
become so heavily attracted to a different molecule that it can disrupt
the attractive forces that hold atoms together and, thus, dissolve it.
BCR: The Balloon

Reducing the temperature reduces the average kinetic energy of the


gaseous particles since temperature is a measure of the overall kinetic
energy of the particles in a substance. As the kinetic energy goes
down, the gas particles movement becomes slower and less random.
As such the gas particles dont occupy as much space in the balloon
since they dont move around as much as before and thus cant keep
the balloon inflated. The volume and the pressure inside the balloon
decreases as a result of this loss of kinetic energy.
BCR: The Race is on!
The conditions necessary for this reaction to occur are outlined in the
collision theory. The particles must collide in order to react, the
particles must collide in the correct orientation, and the particles must
collide with enough energy to form an unstable activated complex
(activation), also called a transition state, which is an intermediate
particle made up of joined reactants. The more frequent the reactions,
the higher the likelihood that they will collide in the correct orientation
and thus the rate of the reaction will go up and the two substances will
react faster. In order to increase the rate of the reaction we could add
more of one reactant, which would increase the probability of collisions
between the particles. Increasing the surface are would provide more
opportunity for collisions thereby increasing the reaction rate.
Increasing the temperature would imbue the particles with more
kinetic energy causing them to move much faster, thus increasing the
collision frequency and collision energy.