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GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE PROJECT

Project Description of Siwa Khola Hydropower Project (SK-HP)


1.0

Background
Nepal has more than 6000 rivers and rivulets belonging to three main drainage
basins: Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali. Most of the rivers are perennial as they are
originated in high Himalayas and are nourished by snow and glaciers. Water
resources of Nepal have been regarded as nature's bountiful gift to the country. In
fact, perennial nature of rivers and the steep gradient provide ideal conditions for the
development of some of the world's largest hydropower projects in Nepal. The main
reason for hydropower projects being the most attractive is due to reliable, safe and
cheap source of energy. The total theoretical hydropower potential is 83000 MW with
43000 MW is technically and economically feasible potential. Potential mega-projects
have failed to take shape in Nepal primarily due to the lack of adequate funds and
the basic infrastructural facilities; in view of which, the development of medium scale
and small hydropower projects are given high priority.
Ministry of Energy, Government of Nepal license to encourage participation of Private
Developers for development of hydropower projects in Nepal. Nepal Electricity
Authority (NEA) has fixed the energy rates for small hydropower projects less than 25
MW capacity promoted by Independent Power Producers (IPPs). Domestic commercial
banks are also interested to invest in hydropower projects as priority sector
investment. In addition to this, GoN has announced the People's Hydro Program to
promote the participation of local people and local institutions. Government of Nepal
( GoN) has allocated the budget to implement the People's Hydro Program. Among
the various level activities of this program, the study of hydropower projects is one of
the program to make projects available for the implementation. Department of
Electricity Development ( DoED) intends to carry out the Detail Engineering Study of
the project from the competent local consulting firms.

2.0

Project Information
The proposed Siwa Khola Small Hydropower Project is located in Nalbu and Papung
VDCs of the Taplejung district of the Eastern Development Region of Nepal. The
project will have a generation capacity of 15 MW and will be able to generate 83.47
GWh(after outage and losses) of annual energy. The present feasibility study has
been carried out to establish the economical, technical and environmental viability of
the project. The construction cost of the project is estimated as US$ 203.74 million,
and it is expected to be completed in 3 years period from the start of construction.
The intake of the proposed project lies near Pandalun village in Nalbu VDC about 13
km northwest of Taplejung, the district headquarters. The powerhouse is a surface
type located on the terrace field at Chambrun village on the right bank of Mewa
Khola. Currently, local trails from Taplejung bazaar link the intake site. The nearest
airport is situated in Sukhetar, about 3 km southeast of Taplejung.
The headworks of the project is located at siwa Khola of Nalbu VDC. A 3.0 m high
diversion structure is constructed across the river to divert the required flow towards
the intake. Structures like gravel trap, undersluice, side intake, a two chambered
surface desilting basin incorporating an emergency spillway are proposed at the
headworks. Necessary structures for the convenience during operation and
maintenance, and safety of the structures are also provided.

A 2180 m long inverted D-shaped headrace tunnel has the finished width of 2.5m and
height of 2.95 m diameter conveys 5.9 m3/s design discharge from the headworks to
a 1.45 m diameter of 531.02 m long penstock. Necessary lining is proposed along the
tunnel alignment. Also, anchor blocks and saddle supports are provided along the
penstock.
The two units of horizontal axis pelton turbine each of rated capacity 7.5 MW utilize
the water for energy production before discharging back to Siwa River via a 23 m
long tailrace canal. It is estimated that with aforementioned design discharge and
gross head of 299.49 m, the project will be able to generate 83.47 GWh in an
average year. The generated energy from the project is proposed to transmit to the
33 kV substations at Dhankuta by constructing 35 km long transmission line. During
project execution, about 12 km access road will also be constructed to link the intake
site to the nearest road head in Taplejung bazaar on the Phidim Taplejung road.
3.0

Salient Features of Siwa Khola Small


1. Location
Region
:
District
:
Project Area Boundary
:
30 30 N
Headworks
18
Powerhouse
42

Hydropower Project
Eastern Development Region
Taplejung
Between Latitudes 270 27 30 N and 270

Longitudes 870 34 00 E and 270 37 30 E


Latitude 270 29 22 N, Longitude 87 0 36

Latitude 270 28 30 N, Longitude 87 0 36

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

1960mm
138 km2
7.89 m3/sec
1.87 m3/sec
5.9 m3/sec
41%

:
:

13.28 m3/sec
15.88 m3/sec

:
:
:
:

Ogee shaped free overflow spillway


18m
EL 1419.0m
3.0m from river bed

:
:

At right side of the weir


With a single gate of 2.5m wide and 3.0m
high separated by a 1m wide pier
EL 1416.0m

2. Meteorology and Hydrology


Average Annual Precipitation
Catchment Area at Intake Site
Average Flow at the Intake Site
90% Firm Flow
Design (Turbine) Flow
Probability of Exceedance
Design Flood
1 in 100 years
1 in 200 years
Diversion Flood
1 in 10 years
1 in 20 years
3. Diversion Weir
Type
Spillway Length
Spillway Crest
Height
4. Undersluice
Location
Section
Crest Level

211 m3/sec
233 m3/sec

5. Intake
Location
Invert level
Size of Opening
6. Gravel Trap and Emergency
Gravel Trap
Side Channel Spillway
Crest Level of the Spillway
7. Desilting Basin
Type

:
:
:

Immediately upstream and adjacent to the


underlsuice
EL 1417.40m
3.0m wide and 1.6m high separated by
1.0m wide pier

Spillway
:
7.0m wide, 7.5m high and 15m long
:
15.0m long
:
EL 1418.81m
:

Number of Chambers
:
Nominal Size of Trapped Particles
Length
:

Dobule Chamber Hopper Type Surface


DesiltingBasin
with
Provision
of
Continuous Flushing
Two
:
0.2mm
60m

8. Headrace Tunnel
Length
Shape
Size
Water Flowing Section

:
:
:
:

2,180 m
Inverted D-Shape
2.5m wide and 2.95m high
2.5m and 1.7m high

9. Forebay
Live Capacity
Effective Size ( L x B x H)
Spillway Length

:
:
:

1,062 m2
42m x 5m x 5m with extra depth of 1m
7.0 m

10.Penstock
Length of the Pipe
Diameter of the Pipe
Thickness of the Pipe

:
:
:

531.02m up to bifurcation and then 8.7m


1.45m abd 1.05m after bifurcation
Ranges from 8 mm to 28 mm

11.Powerhouse
Type
Length x Breadth x Height
Number of Generating Units
Type of Turbine
Turbine Center Line
Turbine Efficiency
Gross Head
Rated Net Head
Generator
Generator Efficiency
Rated Capacity

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Surface
29.12m x 11.88m x 18.40 m
Two
Pelton Horizontal Axis
EL 1119.51m
90%
299.49m
292.37m
Synchronous with Horizontal shaft
96%
2 x 7.5 MW

12.Tailrace

Type
Inner Dimension
Length

:
:
:

Cut and Cover Conduit


2.0m x 2.0m
23m

13.Transformer
Type
Number of Unity
Rated Capacity
Voltage Level

:
:
:
:

Single Phase, Oil Immersed


3+1
6 MVA each
11 kV/132 kV

14.Switchyard and Transmission Line


Switchyard Type
:
Outdoor, Conventional with area of 18m x
12m Transmission Line Length, Volatage,
Circuit and Conductor type
:
29.9 km, upto proposed Kabeli-A Substation at Pinase in Taplejung District, 132
kV and Single Circuit with Wolf
Conductor
15.Energy Generation
Annual Average Energy Output (Gross)
Annual Average Energy Output
(After Outage and Losses)
:
Dry Season Energy
(Dec/Jan to Mar/Apr)
:
Wet Season Energy
(Apr/May to Nov/Dec)
:
Firm Eenrgy (after outage and losses)
@Q90%
:
Minimum Monthly Energy
:
16.Energy Generation
Annual Average Energy Output (Gross)
Annual Average Energy Output
(After outage and losses)
:
Dry Season Energy
(Dec/Jan to Mar/Apr)
:
Wet Season Energy
(Mar/Apr to Nov/Dec)
:
Firm Energy (after outage and losses)
@Q90%)
:
Minimum Monthly Energy
:

83.47 GWh
15.42 GWh
68.05 GWh
37.73 GWh
1.560 km/ 5.695 km

87.86 GWh

83.47 GWh
15.42 GWh
68.05 GWh
37.73 GWh
3.21 GWh

17.Access Road
Annual Average Energy Output (Gross) :
18.Investment Costs1
Without Cost of TL
Economic cost
Financial cost

87.86 GWh

1.560 km/ 5.695 km


With Cost of TL

:
:

19.Economic and Financial Indicators


Without Cost of TL

NRs. 2,039,932,564 NRs. 1,640,140,164


NRs. 2,255,743,630 NRs. 2,037,432,560
With Cost of TL

EIRR
B/C Ratio
NPV

:
:
:

16.10
20.93
1.47
1.82
NRs. 1,265,960,000 NRs. 1,786,930,000

Financial with dry season price if NRs. 7.00 per KWh and Wet Season
Price of NRs. 4.00 per KWh
IRR on equity investment (%) :
14.10
17.00
B/C Ratio
:
1.08
1.19
NPV
:
NRs. 181,476,000
NRs.
380,526,000