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Materials System Specification

32-SAMSS-028

23 June 2010

Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers


Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Scope............................................................. 2
Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
References..................................................... 2
Definitions....................................................... 5
Responsibilities.............................................. 6
Proposals....................................................... 6
Thermal Design.............................................. 7
Mechanical Design......................................... 7
Nozzles......................................................... 11
Supports....................................................... 13
Clips and Attachments................................. 13
Materials....................................................... 13
Fabrication.................................................... 15
Nondestructive Testing................................. 16
Heat Treatment............................................ 19
Inspection and Pressure Tests..................... 20
Nameplates and Stampings......................... 23
Painting........................................................ 23
Shipping Requirements................................ 24
Drawings, Calculations and Data................. 26

Table 1 Acceptable Materials


for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels.......... 27
Table 2 Charpy-V Impact Test Requirements... 28
Table 3 Material Classes................................... 28

Previous Issue: 6 September 2008

Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013


Page 1 of 28

Primary contact: Anizi, Salamah Salem on 966-3-8746139


CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2010. All rights reserved.

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Scope
1.1

This specification covers the minimum mandatory requirements for the


mechanical design, materials, fabrication, inspection and testing of new double
pipe and multitube hairpin heat exchangers (hereinafter referred to as
exchangers). It does not cover exchangers that undergo repairs or alterations.

1.2

The requirements in this specification are in addition to and supplement the


requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.

1.3

Where a licensor specification requirement is more stringent than that of this


specification, this licensor specific requirement shall govern.

Conflicts and Deviations


2.1

Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2

Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of
Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

References
Materials or equipment supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition
of the references listed below, unless otherwise noted.
3.1

Saudi Aramco References


Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure
SAEP-302

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a


Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-A-007

Hydrostatic Testing Fluids and Lay up Procedures

SAES-A-206

Positive Material Identification

SAES-H-001

Selection Requirement for Industrial Coating


Page 2 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

SAES-H-100

Painting Requirements for Industrial Facilities

SAES-H-101

Approved Protective Coating Systems

SAES-H-101V

Approved Saudi Aramco Data Sheets - Paints and


Coatings

SAES-W-010

Welding Requirements for Pressure Vessels

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification


01-SAMSS-016

Qualification of Pipeline and Pressure Vessel


Steels for Resistance to Hydrogen-Induced
Cracking

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements


Form 175-323100

Manufacture of Heat Exchangers

Saudi Aramco Forms and Data Sheet


Form 2714-ENG

Data Sheet

Form NMR-7922-1

Non-material Requirements for Shell and DoublePipe Heat Exchangers

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawing


AE-036250
3.2

Ferrules for 0.75 inch Outside Diameter Tubes


(Sheets 1 & 2)

Industry Codes and Standards


American Petroleum Institute
API STD 660

Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers for General


Refinery Services

API PUBL 941

Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated


Temperatures and Pressures in Petroleum
Refineries and Petrochemical Plants

API RP 945

Avoiding Environmental Cracking in Amine Units

American Society of Civil Engineers


ASCE 7

Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other


Structures

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code)


ASME SEC II

Material Specifications Parts A, B and D

Page 3 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

ASME SEC V

Non-destructive Examination

ASME SEC VIII D1

Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels

ASME SEC VIII D2

Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels,


Alternative Rules

ASME B2.1

National Pipe Threads

ASME B16.5

Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings

ASME B16.11

Forged Steel Fittings, Socket Welding and


Threaded

ASME SA-688

Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Feedwater


Heater Tubes

American Society for Nondestructive Testing


ASNT CP-189

Standard for Qualification and Certification of


Nondestructive Testing Personnel

ASNT SNT-TC-1A

Recommended Practice for Qualification and


Certification of Nondestructive Testing
Personnel

International Organization for Standardization


NACE MR0175/
ISO 15156

Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries Materials


for Use in H2S-Containing Environments in Oil
and Gas Production

U.S. Military Standards and Federal Specifications


MIL-C-16173

Corrosion Preventive Compound, Solvent


Cutback, Cold-Application

National Association of Corrosion Engineers


NACE RP0472

Methods of Control to Prevent In-Service


Cracking of Carbon Steel Welds in P-1
Materials in Corrosive Petrochemical Refining
Environments

Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association


Welding Research Council
WRC 107

Welding Research Council Bulletin: Local


Stresses in Spherical and Cylindrical Shells
Due to External Loadings

Page 4 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Definitions
AARH: Average arithmetic roughness height, which is a measure of surface texture.
Cyclic Service: Services that require fatigue analysis per AD-160 of ASME SEC VIII
D2. This applies to Division 1 and Division 2 of ASME SEC VIII.
Design Engineer: The Engineering Company responsible for specifying on the data
sheet the thermal and mechanical design requirements for heat exchangers.
Double Pipe Exchanger: Consists of a single tube enclosed within a U-shaped pipe
shell.
Exchanger Manufacturer: The company responsible for the manufacture of new
exchangers in accordance with this specification.
Hot Forming: Forming operations carried out at an elevated temperature such that recrystallization occurs simultaneously with deformation.
Hydrogen Service: Process streams containing relatively pure hydrogen and
component streams containing hydrogen with a partial pressure of 350 kPa abs (50 psia)
and higher.
Lethal Services: Process streams containing a concentration of hydrogen sulfide in
excess of 20% by volume shall be considered as lethal service. Other services as
determined by the project design may also be designated as lethal services.
Low-Alloy Steels: Steels with nominal chromium contents of 5% chrome and/or
nominal nickel content up to 3%.
Minimum Thickness: Thickness required for withstanding all primary loads,
excluding allowance for corrosion.
Multitube Exchanger: Consists of multitubes within a U shaped shell.
MDMT: Minimum design metal temperature, determined by the Design Engineer.
Nominal Thickness: Thickness required for withstanding all primary loads, including
allowance for corrosion.
Saudi Aramco Engineer: The Supervisor of the Process Equipment Unit, Consulting
Services Department, Dhahran.
Saudi Aramco Inspector: The person or company authorized by the Saudi Aramco
Inspection Department to inspect exchangers to the requirements of this specification.
Utility Services: Water, air and nitrogen services.
Page 5 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Wet Sour Services: Following process streams containing water and hydrogen sulfide:
1)

Sour water with a hydrogen sulfide concentration above 2 milligrams per liter.

2)

Crude containing hydrogen sulfide when transported or processed prior to


completion of stabilization.

3)

Gas or hydrocarbon condensate containing hydrogen sulfide when transported or


processed prior to completion of sweetening or hydrogen sulfide stripping.

4)

Multiphase services when the partial pressure of hydrogen sulfide is above


0.34 kPa abs (0.05 psia) in the gas phase or a concentration of hydrogen sulfide
above 2 milligrams per liter in the water phase.

Wet Sour HIC Services: All of the above wet Sour Services where the H2S
concentration in the water phase is above 50 milligrams per liter.
Exception:
Lean and rich DGA services, other lean amine services, and caustic services are not
included.

Responsibilities
5.1

The Design Engineer is responsible for specifying the thermal and mechanical
design requirements and completing the Saudi Aramco data sheet in accordance
with this specification. The Design Engineer must also provide out the thermal
design calculations.

5.2

The Exchanger Manufacturer is responsible for the thermal design (rating) and
verification of the Design Engineer's thermal design, if applicable. The
Exchanger Manufacturer is also responsible for the manufacture of exchangers,
which includes the complete mechanical design, Code and structural
calculations, supply of all materials, fabrication, nondestructive examination,
inspection, testing, surface preparation, and preparation for shipment, in
accordance with the completed data sheet and the requirements of this
specification.

Proposals
6.1

Exchanger Manufacturer's proposal shall be based on details for individual


exchangers as outlined on the data sheet. A completed data sheet shall be
submitted for each exchanger quoted.

6.2

The Exchanger Manufacturer may offer an alternative design, but must quote on
the base inquiry documents.

Page 6 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

6.3

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

The proposal shall include a detailed description of any exception to the


requirements of this specification.

Thermal Design
7.1

The size of each exchanger unit, if specified on the data sheet, must be verified
by the Exchanger Manufacturer at time of proposal.

7.2

All data represented by the letter M on the data sheet is the responsibility of the
Exchanger Manufacturer.

Mechanical Design
8.1

8.2

General
8.1.1

All exchangers shall be mechanically designed in accordance with the


rules of ASME SEC VIII D1, (hereinafter referred to as the Code), and
the requirements of this specification.

8.1.2

The edition of the Code to which exchangers are to be manufactured,


shall be in accordance with the data sheet.

8.1.3

Should the Exchanger Manufacturer have any part of a stress analysis


executed by a third party, the Exchanger Manufacturer shall advise the
Saudi Aramco Engineer.

8.1.4

No proof testing shall be permitted unless specifically approved by the


Saudi Aramco Engineer.

8.1.5

Application of ASME Code Cases to the manufacture of exchangers


requires approval of the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

8.1.6

Exchangers shall be designed to withstand the combined stresses of all


loads in accordance with the Code, and this specification.

Design Pressure
8.2.1

The value of design pressure(s) shall be in accordance with the data


sheet.

8.2.2

The Design Engineer shall specify on the data sheet the external design
pressure and corresponding temperature.

8.2.3

For exchangers subjected to steam out, the Design Engineer shall


specify on the data sheet the external design pressure and
corresponding temperature.
Page 7 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.6

8.7

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure


8.3.1

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall calculate the maximum allowable


working pressure (MAWP) acting on both sides of the exchanger, in
the hot and corroded condition in accordance with the applicable Code.

8.3.2

The calculations shall be based on the nominal as-built thicknesses


excluding thicknesses required for corrosion. The MAWP of an
exchanger shall not be limited by flange ratings.

Design Temperature
8.4.1

The value of the design temperature(s) shall be in accordance with the


data sheet.

8.4.2

The design temperature of shell to tube closures shall be the higher of


the shell-side or tube-side design temperatures.

8.4.3

The design temperature of flanges shall be the higher of the shell-side


or tube-side design temperatures.

Minimum Design Metal Temperature


8.5.1

The value of the minimum design metal temperature (MDMT) shall be


as specified on the data sheet.

8.5.2

The MDMT shall be used to determine the requirements for impact


testing in accordance with this specification.

Joint Efficiency
8.6.1

The joint efficiency shall be specified on the data sheet.

8.6.2

A joint efficiency of 85% or higher shall be used for the design of all
pressure containing components of ASME SEC VIII D1 exchangers.

Corrosion Allowances
The amount of corrosion allowance shall be as specified on the data sheet.

8.8

Loads
8.8.1

Wind and Earthquake Loads


1)

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall calculate the static effects of


loads due to wind and the effects due to earthquake loads acting

Page 8 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

on an exchanger in the operating position in accordance with the


requirements of this specification.

8.8.2

8.9

2)

The wind speed, earthquake zone, and soil coefficient


corresponding to the site location shall be as specified on the data
sheet.

3)

Exchangers shall be designed for wind and earthquake loads in


accordance with ASCE 7.

4)

With reference to ASCE 7, the wind Category Classification to


be used in the calculations of wind loads shall be Category III,
and the Seismic Hazard Exposure Group to be used in
calculations of earthquake loads shall be Group III.

5)

Wind pressures shall be assumed to act on the projected surface


area of the exchanger.

Piping, Equipment and External Loads


1)

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall ensure that local stresses


imposed on the exchanger due to piping and equipment, lifting,
supports and other external loads do not exceed the allowable in
accordance with the applicable Code. The stress analysis shall be
completed in accordance with the procedures as detailed in WRC
107 or a finite element analysis.

2)

Piping and equipment loads imposed on the exchanger shall be as


specified on the data sheet.

Load Combinations
8.9.1

All components of the exchanger, including their supports, shall be


designed to withstand the combined stresses resulting from the
following:
1)

Internal and/or external design pressures

2)

All other loads exerted on the component and specified in Section


8.8.

3)

All exchanger components shall be designed to withstand a full


hydrostatic test in the erected position. Allowable stresses to be
used shall be in accordance with the Code (90% of yield at test
temperature). However, forces produced due to design, wind or
earthquake loads may be reduced by 40% for this short time field
hydrostatic test.
Page 9 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

8.9.2

8.10

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Moments or forces acting on the exchanger due to external piping are


to be added to those moments and forces due to other external primary
loads.

Stress Analysis
Stress analysis shall be carried out as specified on the data sheet.

8.11

Tubes and Tube Bundles


8.11.1

Unless otherwise specified on the data sheet, the tube outside diameters
and tube wall thicknesses shall be in accordance with API STD 660.

8.11.2

The minimum tube outside diameter shall be 19.05 mm (0.75 inch).

8.11.3

Unless otherwise approved by the Saudi Aramco Engineer, the length


of U tubes measured to their tangent lines shall not exceed 6 m.

8.11.4

Where more than one exchanger of identical mechanical design,


pressure rating and materials is required for the same service, tube
bundles shall be inter-changeable.

8.11.5

Tubeside elements shall be removable without cutting.

8.11.6

The inner tube shall be without intermediate weld.

8.11.7

The exchangers with sea water flowing through the tubes shall be fitted
with ferrules (tube end protectors) at the inlet end of the tubes. For
tube materials other than those given in this specification, the
requirement for ferrules shall be confirmed with the Saudi Aramco
Engineer.
Commentary Note:
Saudi Aramco Standard Drawing AE-036250 gives ferrules details for
0.75 inch outside diameter tubes. For larger tube diameters,
Exchanger Manufacturer shall propose ferrule details for the
consideration of Saudi Aramco Engineer.

8.12

Closures
8.12.1

Elements shall be designed to be removable through the use of bolted


closure joints.

8.12.2

Packed closures may be used only when the shell side fluid is a utility
service.

Page 10 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

8.13

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Interconnecting Piping
Interconnecting piping connecting exchangers in series/parallel arrangements,
for the same exchanger unit, shall be designed and furnished by the Exchanger
Manufacturer.

Nozzles
9.1

General
9.1.1

The sizes, ratings (ASME pressure classes), and facings of exchanger


inlet and outlet nozzles shall be as specified on the data sheet.

9.1.2

Flange bolt holes shall straddle the normal horizontal and vertical
centerlines of the exchanger.

9.1.3

Projections measured from the outside of shells to the face of flanges


shall be sized so that studs may be removed from the back of a flange
without interference with insulation.

9.1.4

Flanged connections shall be one of the following types:

9.1.5

1)

Forged steel long welding neck

2)

Forged steel welding neck flange with seamless pipe, or rolled


plate with 100% radiography. The bores of nozzle flanges shall
match the nozzle neck bore.

3)

Studded nozzles and proprietary designs may be offered as


alternatives provided their designs are in accordance with the
Code and with prior approval of the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

4)

However, for utility services up to and including 120C (250F)


design temperature and 1.7 MPa ga (200 psig) design pressure,
nozzles may be slip-on type flanges with seamless pipe nozzle
necks or rolled plate with 100% radiography.

Threaded or socket-welded connections are prohibited in hydrogen,


lethal, wet sour and caustic services. However, for other services,
smaller than NPS 1 threaded or socket-welded connections with
6000-lb rating conforming to ASME B16.11 may be used.
Commentary Note:
This requirement is intended for vents, drains and instrument
connections that may be attached to shell or nozzles.

Page 11 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

9.1.6
9.2

9.3

9.4

Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Threaded connections shall conform to ASME B2.1.

Reinforcement of Openings
9.2.1

Reinforcement of exchanger openings shall be in accordance with the


applicable Code and this specification.

9.2.2

The thickness of reinforcing pads shall not exceed the shell thickness
of the exchanger.

Integrally reinforced openings (with no reinforcing pads) shall be provided


under the following services and design conditions:
1)

Cyclic services

2)

Carbon steel with shell thickness 50 mm and greater

3)

Low-alloy steels with shell thickness 25 mm and greater

4)

Exchangers with design metal temperatures greater than 425C

5)

Hydrogen service

Ratings (ASME Pressure Classes) and Facings


9.4.1

The ASME pressure classes and facings shall be as specified on the


data sheet.

9.4.2

Pressure ratings shall be in accordance with ASME B16.5.

9.4.3

Gasket seating surfaces shall comply with the following:

9.4.4
9.5

32-SAMSS-028

1)

For spiral wound gaskets, 125 to 250 AARH, in all services,


except hydrogen

2)

For spiral wound gaskets in hydrogen service, 125 to 150 AARH

3)

The side-walls of ring joint flanges in all services, 63 AARH

4)

For non-metallic gaskets, 250 to 500 AARH

The surface roughness of machined surfaces, other than gasket contact


faces, shall not exceed 500 AARH.

Weld Attachment Details


9.5.1

All nozzle necks for exchangers in hydrocarbon, hydrogen, caustic,


amine, wet sour, and steam services shall be attached by welding
completely through the total thickness of the exchanger shell, including
any reinforcement.
Page 12 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

9.5.2

10

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Permissible types of nozzle weld-attachments shall be in accordance


with Figure UW-16.1 (c), backing rings are to be removed, (d), (e), (f1), (f-2), (f-3), (f-4) and (g).

Supports
Exchangers shall be supported by two movable type supports.

11

Clips and Attachments


11.1

All exchangers shall be provided with a grounding lug connection welded to a


support.

11.2

Exchangers with component weight up to and including 27 kg (60 lb.) shall be


provided with at least one lifting lug per component.

11.3

Components in excess of 27 kg (60 lb.) require two lifting lugs per component.

11.4

Shells shall be provided with lifting lugs in suitable locations to permit lifting of
the complete exchanger. The lugs shall be designed such that the lifted parts
hang vertically when suspended from the lugs. Lugs on insulated exchangers
shall be of sufficient standout to clear insulation.
The Exchanger Manufacturer shall supply and install supports required for
fireproofing materials.

12

Materials
12.1

General
12.1.1

All materials required for pressure and non-pressure components shall


be specified on the data sheet in accordance with Table 1, Acceptable
Materials for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels and the requirements of
this specification.

12.1.2

The Exchanger Manufacturer may propose alternative materials at time


of proposal, but the alternative materials must comply with all the
requirements of the Code and this specification.

12.1.3

Materials other than those listed in Table 1 of this specification shall not
be permitted without the prior approval of the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

12.1.4

All materials must be clearly identified and provided with Mill Test
Certificates. Lack of adequate identification and certification shall be
cause for rejection.
Page 13 of 28

Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

12.1.5

Suitability of low alloy steels for use for exchangers in hydrogen


services above 205C (400F) shall be qualified through chemical
analysis, mechanical testing including but not limited to tensile,
hardness, microhardness, temper embrittlement tests and
nondestructive examinations (ultrasonic, wet fluorescent magnetic
particle, etc.). Materials specifications and tests procedures for base
and weldments materials shall be submitted to Saudi Aramco Engineer
for review and approval prior to ordering the materials from the mill.

12.1.6

All materials, except carbon steels, shall be alloy verified by the


Exchanger Manufacturer in accordance with SAES-A-206.

12.1.7

The use of C- Mo steels in hydrogen services is prohibited.

12.1.8

Materials with properties enhanced by heat treatment cycles such as


tempering, intermediate stress relief (ISR) and the final post weld heat
treatment shall be tested to verify that their mechanical properties have
been retained after all heat treatment cycles. These tests shall also
include two additional postweld heat treatment cycles to account for
future repairs or alteration.

12.1.9

HIC Resistant Materials


For exchangers designated for wet sour services HIC (hydrogen
induced cracking) as defined in this specification with design
temperatures between 0C and 200C, all plates for shells and heads
shall be made of HIC resistant steel. HIC resistant steel shall be
qualified in accordance with 01-SAMSS-016.

12.1.10 All the components (tubesheet, tube, shell, baffle, nozzle, head and
cover) shall be fabricated by Saudi Aramco approved exchanger
manufacturer.
12.2

Impact Testing
12.2.1

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall determine impact testing


requirements of materials for pressure components based on the values
of the minimum design metal temperature (MDMT), unless lower test
temperature is specified on the data sheet.

12.2.2

Baffle plates, bars, tie-rods, spacers, and support plates, are exempt
from impact testing requirements.

12.2.3

Impact testing requirements for materials not listed in Table 1, shall be


obtained from the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

12.3

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

12.2.4

The minimum acceptable Charpy impact energy values for steels listed
in Table 3 shall be per Table-2 unless larger values are specified on the
data sheet. Materials that are not listed in Table 3 shall be referred to
Saudi Aramco Engineer for classification.

12.2.5

Unless otherwise specified in the design Code, materials of


components, including welding consumables, shall be impact tested, at
the MDMT.

12.2.6

The exemptions of UG-20 (f), CS-66(b)(1) and (3), UCS-68(c), UG84(b)(2) and by reference Table UG-84.4 are not permitted for
exchangers within the scope of this specification.

12.2.7

Certified Mill Test Certificates may be used to verify the base


materials impact testing results.

Gaskets
Gaskets shall be non-asbestos. The materials of construction for spiral wound
gaskets shall be as follows:
1)

For exchangers with design temperatures from -100C to 0C:


Type 304 or 316 stainless steel (SS) windings with solid Type 304 or 316
stainless steel outer centering rings

2)

For exchangers with design temperatures from 1C to 425C:


Type 304 or 316 SS windings with solid carbon steel outer centering rings.

3)

For exchangers with design temperatures above 425C:


Type 321 or 347 SS windings with solid; Type 304 or 316 outer centering
rings.

4)

13

For exchangers in vacuum service, inner ring shall be either Type 304 or
316 SS.

Fabrication
13.1

General
13.1.1

Welds attaching nozzles and their reinforcement pads and other


attachments to pressure components shall not be closer than 20 mm
from any pressure retaining welds.

13.1.2

All nozzles shall be ground flush to the inside curvature of the shell
and inside diameters shall be radiused smooth.
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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

13.1.3

13.2

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Where a split reinforcing pad is required, the weld joining the pad
sections shall be oriented with the circumferential direction of the
shell. Tapped tell-tale holes 0.25" NPT shall be provided as follows:
1)

One hole in all single piece reinforcing pads

2)

Where a pad is split, each segment shall have at least one tapped
hole.

13.1.4

All internal and external welded attachment pads shall have their
corners rounded to a minimum radius of 50 mm radius and shall be
fully seal welded.

13.1.5

All external non-pressure attachments shall be vented through a 0.25"


NPT telltale hole.

Welding
All welding shall be in accordance with the requirements of SAES-W-010.

14

Nondestructive Testing
14.1

General
14.1.1

All Nondestructive Testing (NDT) shall be performed in accordance


with the Exchanger Manufacturer's written procedure prepared in
accordance with ASME SEC V with the scope of NDT and
acceptance/rejection criteria as defined by the referencing Code section
and this specification.

14.1.2

All NDT shall be performed by personnel certified in accordance with


the Exchanger Manufacturer's written practice prepared in accordance
with ASNT SNT-TC-1A, or at the option of the Exchanger
Manufacturer ASNT CP-189. Other schemes of personnel certification
shall be at the sole discretion and approval of the Saudi Aramco
Inspector. Personnel responsible for interpretation of NDT results
shall be certified by the Saudi Aramco Inspection Department.

14.1.3

All NDT on exchangers which are to be postweld heat treated shall be


made after postweld heat treatment.

14.1.4

All pressure and non-pressure welds shall be visually inspected where


accessible. All segments of longitudinal, circumferential or built-up
head pressure weld seams covered or rendered inaccessible by
internals, lifting lugs or other attachments shall be fully radiographed

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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

the entire affected length plus 10 inches either side prior to installation
of the attachment.
14.2

Radiographic Testing
14.2.1

Joint efficiencies shall be in accordance with the data sheet.

14.2.2

100% radiography is required for exchangers for the following services


and design conditions:
1)

Lethal services

2)

Hydrogen services

3)

Cyclic services

4)

Weld joints where any of the pressure retaining materials requires


impact testing per the applicable Code or this specification.

5)

Exchanger weld joints requiring full radiography per the


applicable Code (see UW-11 for Division 1 exchangers and
AF-220 for Division 2 exchangers).

14.2.3

All radiography shall be performed with intensifying screens. Only


lead or lead foil (fluoro-metallic) screens shall be permitted unless
otherwise approved by the Saudi Aramco Inspection Department.

14.2.4

Tungsten inclusions in Gas Tungsten Arc welds shall be evaluated as


individual rounded indications. Clustered or aligned tungsten
inclusions shall be removed and repaired.

14.2.5

Radiographic film interpretation shall be done by personnel certified in


accordance with ASNT CP-189 to ASNT Level II Film Interpreter or
approved equivalent by the Saudi Aramco Inspection Department.

14.2.6

Where it is not possible to meet the spacing requirement in paragraph


13.1.1 of this specification such that a nozzle or an attachment weld of
a reinforcing pad or a structural component will either intersect or
encroach on a butt weld the following shall be performed:
14.2.6.1

If the nozzle is installed onto or encroaching on a butt weld


in the exchanger wall:
1)

radiograph of the butt weld in the exchanger wall for a


length equal to three times the diameter of the opening
with the center of the opening at mid-length.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

2)

14.2.6.2

14.3

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Where a reinforcing pad is required, the butt weld


shall be ground flush and radiographed, prior to the
installation of the reinforcing pad.

Where an attachment weld of a reinforcing pad or a


structural component will either intersect or encroach on a
butt-weld in the exchanger wall:
1)

the butt weld shall be radiographed for a length equal


to the projection of the intersecting or encroaching
segment of the attachment weld plus a minimum of
50 mm on either side.

2)

Perform magnetic particle examination on the


exchanger side of the joint attaching the reinforcing
pad or structural component.

Ultrasonic Testing
Where radiography as required by the applicable Code, approved drawings or
special instructions is deemed inaccessible or inconclusive, ultrasonic testing
may be substituted with approval of the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

14.4

Magnetic Particle Testing


14.4.1

Permanent magnetic yokes are not permitted.

14.4.2

Prods are not permitted for use on air-hardenable materials, materials


which require impact testing, and on the fluid side of pressured
components for exchangers in wet sour service.

14.4.3

Magnetic particle examination shall be performed on hot formed


surfaces and for parts that undergo reheat treatment as per the
applicable Code.

14.4.4

Except for non-ferro-magnetic materials, wet fluorescent magnetic


particle examination using an AC yoke is required for the following:
1)

All internal welds, including temporary internal welds for


exchangers in wet sour, caustic, amine and hydrogen services.

2)

All internal and external welds for all services made using the
SMAW welding process when the nominal thickness of
pressured components is 25 mm and thicker.

3)

Exchanger support attachment welds.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

14.5

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Hardness Testing
Weld hardness testing shall be in accordance with the requirements of
SAES-W-010.

14.6

Liquid Penetrant Testing


Liquid penetrant testing shall be conducted on all structural attachment welds on
pressured components of non-ferrous materials and which are attached after the
hydrotesting of the exchanger.

15

Heat Treatment
15.1

Postweld Heat Treatment


15.1.1

Postweld heat treatment (PWHT) shall be done when required by the


Code or when specified on the data sheet.

15.1.2

Code exemptions for PWHT of ferritic materials based on the use of


austenitic or nickel-based electrodes are not permitted.

15.1.3

Code exemptions for PWHT of P4 and P5 materials are not permitted


for applications involving either wet sour or hydrogen service or for
materials exceeding 2.5% nominal chromium content.

15.1.4

The maximum PWHT soaking temperature for carbon steel and


C-0.5 Mo materials shall not exceed the temperature at which the test
pieces were heat treated as shown on the Mill Test Certificates, or
650C for carbon steel and 690C for C-0.5 Mo.

15.1.5

The maximum PWHT soaking temperature for low alloy steels shall
not exceed the tempering temperature at which test pieces and
components were heat treated as shown on Mill Test Certificates, but
shall be not less than 700C.

15.1.6

PWHT shall follow all welding and repairs but shall be performed
prior to any hydrotest or other load test.

15.1.7

The following sign shall be painted on the postweld heat treated


exchanger:
CAUTION-EXCHANGER HAS BEEN POSTWELD HEAT
TREATED-DO NOT WELD

15.1.8

The sign shall be located such that it is clearly visible from the ground.

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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

15.1.9
15.2

Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

PWHT shall be in accordance with the requirements of SAES-W-010.

Heat Treatment of Tubes


15.2.1

15.2.2

16

32-SAMSS-028

The following tubes shall be heat treated after cold forming and bending:
1)

U bends, including 300 mm of straight portions measured from


the tangent lines of all carbon steel tubes for exchangers in
caustic, wet sour and amine services

2)

Monel, brass and all chrome alloy tubes in all services

The following tubes shall be solution annealed:


1)

Entire tubes manufactured of unstabilized stainless steels in


accordance with ASME SA-688. The solution annealing
temperature shall be 1070C.

2)

U bends, including 300 mm of straight portions measured from


the tangent lines of all stabilized stainless steels.

Inspection and Pressure Tests


16.1

Inspection
16.1.1

The responsibility for inspection rests with the Exchanger


Manufacturer in accordance with the applicable Code and the
requirements of this specification.

16.1.2

Exchangers manufactured in accordance with this specification are


subject to verification by the Saudi Aramco Inspector in accordance
with Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-323100.

16.1.3

Inspection procedures shall be established in accordance with


ASME SEC V. A written procedure for each inspection method and
technique, including acceptance criteria, to be used shall be submitted
to the Saudi Aramco Inspector for approval. Qualification of the
procedure by the Exchanger Manufacturer may be required, as
determined by the Saudi Aramco Inspector. Inspection procedures in
conformance with other standards are acceptable only with the
approval of the Saudi Aramco Inspector.

16.1.4

Written reports and evaluations of all inspections performed by the


Exchanger Manufacturer shall be made and submitted to the Saudi
Aramco Inspector, at a frequency to be determined by the Saudi
Aramco Inspector.
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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

16.1.5

Additional inspection of any weld joint at any stage of the fabrication


may be requested by the Saudi Aramco Inspector, including reinspection of previously inspected joints. The Saudi Aramco Inspector
also has the right to request or conduct independent NDT of any joint.
If such testing should disclose gross non-conformance to the
requirements of the Code or this specification, all repair and NDT costs
shall be done at the Exchanger Manufacturer's expense.

16.1.6

Prior to final inspection and pressure testing, the inside and outside of
exchangers shall be thoroughly cleaned of all slag, scale, dirt, grit,
weld spatter, paint, oil, etc.

16.1.7

Inspection at the mill, shop, or fabrication yard shall not release the
Exchanger Manufacturer from responsibility for repairing or replacing
any defective material or workmanship that may be subsequently
discovered in the field.

16.1.8

All appropriate safety precautions shall be taken for each inspection


method.

16.1.9

All NDT shall be done by or under the supervision of personnel


certified to ASNT CP-189 or approved equivalent for the particular
method or technique to be used.

16.1.10 Surface irregularities, including weld reinforcement, inhibiting accurate


interpretation of the specified method of NDT shall be ground smooth.
16.1.11 Inspection of all welds shall include a band of base metal at least one
inch wide on each side of the weld.
16.2

Inspection Access
16.2.1

The Saudi Aramco Inspector shall have free access to the work at all
times.

16.2.2

Saudi Aramco shall have the right to inspect the fabrication at any state
and to reject material or workmanship which does not conform to the
specified requirements.

16.2.3

Saudi Aramco reserves the right to inspect, photograph, and/or


videotape all material, fabrication, coating, and workmanship and any
materials, equipment, or tools used or to be used for any part of the
work to be performed.

16.2.4

Saudi Aramco may reject the use of any materials, equipment, or tools
that do not conform to the specification requirements, jeopardize safety
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32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

of personnel, or impose hazard of damage to Saudi Aramco property.

16.3

16.2.5

All of the rights of Saudi Aramco and their designated representatives


for access, documentation, inspection, and rejection shall include any
work done by sub-contractors or sub-vendors.

16.2.6

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall provide the Saudi Aramco


Inspector all reasonable facilities to satisfy him that the work is being
performed as specified.

16.2.7

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall furnish, install, and maintain in a


safe operating condition all necessary scaffolding, ladders, walkways,
and lighting for a safe and thorough inspection.

Pressure Tests
16.3.1

After completion of all external and internal welding and heat


treatment and prior to any painting, exchangers shall be pressure tested
using water as the testing media in accordance with the applicable
Code and this specification. Pneumatic testing in lieu of hydrostatic
testing requires the approval of the Saudi Aramco Engineer.

16.3.2

No preliminary pressure testing shall be made prior to postweld heat


treatment.

16.3.3

The use of shellacs, glues, lead, etc. on gaskets during testing is


prohibited. No paint or primer shall be applied to an exchanger prior
to hydrostatic testing.

16.3.4

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall furnish all test materials and


facilities, including blinds, bolting, and gaskets.

16.3.5

After testing, the exchanger shall be completely drained and


thoroughly dried including around the internals.

16.3.6

Test pressure for the tube side shall be 1.5 times its calculated MAWP
in the new and cold (ambient temperature) condition multiplied by the
lowest ratio (for the materials of which the tube is constructed) of the
allowable stress for the test temperature to the allowable stress for the
design temperature. Test pressure for the shell side is calculated
similarly.

16.3.7

Water used for pressure testing shall be potable. For exchangers


manufactured from stainless steel, the water shall not contain more
than 50 ppm chlorides.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

16.3.8

The temperature of the water during hydrostatic testing shall be


maintained at not less than 17C throughout the testing cycle.

16.3.9

It is the responsibility of the Exchanger Manufacturer to ensure that the


temperature of the water is a minimum of 17C above the ductile to
brittle transition temperature of the material.

16.3.10 All welded attachments provided with telltale holes shall be


pneumatically tested at 30 kPa (5 psig) prior to heat treatment and
pressure testing. Telltale holes must not be plugged during pressure
testing.
16.3.11 Exchangers designed for stacking shall be hydrotested in the stacked
position.
16.3.12 Hydrostatic test pressure shall be held for a minimum of one hour per
25 mm of exchanger shell thickness and in no case less than one hour.
17

18

Nameplates and Stampings


17.1

Each exchanger shall be identified by a nameplate and marked with the


information required by the applicable Code and the requirements of this
specification.

17.2

Exchangers manufactured inside and outside Saudi Arabia shall be Code


stamped for all services, in accordance with the applicable Code.

17.3

The nameplate and its mounting bracket shall be located such that the nameplate
is easily readable from grade or platform. Brackets shall extend from the
outside of exchanger to clear insulation, and with sufficient access for surface
preparation, and painting. The nameplate markings as required by UG-116 of
the Code shall be stamped or engraved such that the nameplate material is
permanently deformed with the symbols.

17.4

Nameplates shall be 3 mm minimum thickness and manufactured from type 304


stainless steel or Monel and welded to the mounting bracket.

17.5

The mounting bracket material shall conform to Table 1, General Note (F) and
shall be continuously welded to the exchanger.

Painting
18.1

The type of painting system to be used shall be in accordance with the


SAES-H-001 and SAES-H-101V attached to the purchase order.

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19

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

18.2

Prior to painting, surfaces shall be cleaned to remove all scale, rust, grease, dirt,
weld spatter and foreign objects.

18.3

Gasket contact surfaces shall not be painted.

Shipping Requirements
19.1

19.2

General
19.1.1

Prior to shipping, exchangers are to be dried and then cleaned from all
loose scales, weld slags, dirt and debris to the satisfaction of the Saudi
Aramco Inspector.

19.1.2

The Exchanger Manufacturer is responsible for ensuring that the


exchangers being shipped are adequately braced and shall provide
temporary supports where appropriate to ensure adequate supporting of
the exchanger during shipment.

19.1.3

Marking shall be done with water-insoluble material that contains no


harmful substances that would attack or harmfully affect the exchanger
at ambient and operating temperatures.

19.1.4

The marking material shall be free of lead, sulfur, zinc, cadmium,


mercury, chlorine, or other halogens.

19.1.5

Export packaging, marking and shipping shall be in accordance with


the purchase order.

Internal Protection
19.2.1

The internal surfaces of the exchangers shall be protected from


corrosion by use of a non-toxic vapor phase corrosion inhibitor such as
CORTEC VCI-309 or 307 or equivalent, applied at a rate of 0.3 kg/m.

19.2.2

The inhibitor selected must be appropriate for the metallurgy of the


exchanger. Desiccants may only be used with approval of the Saudi
Aramco Engineer.

19.2.3

Exchangers must be sealed vapor tight using metallic covers, for the
inhibitor to be effective.

19.2.4

Nitrogen blanketing, temporary rust preventive in accordance with


MIL-C-16173 Grade IV (example: Tectyl 846) or a vapor proof bag
with moisture control may be used.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

19.2.5

19.3

Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Temporary coatings for use on exchangers with corrosion resistant


linings (stainless steel and monel clad) must be chloride free, suitable
for its intended use and not result in crevice corrosion.

External Protection
19.3.1

20

32-SAMSS-028

The protection of external surfaces shall be obtained by using one of


the following and as directed in the Purchase Order:
1)

A hard temporary preservative in accordance with MIL-C-16173,


Grade I, which can be removed at site prior to surface preparation
and application of the Saudi Aramco coating and painting system
in the shop.

2)

Prepare the surface and apply the complete (primer and final
coatings) Saudi Aramco surface preparation, and coating and
painting system in the shop.

3)

Solid stainless steel exchangers, which are to be shipped via


ocean freight, shall be protected using a temporary protective
system compatible with stainless steel and suitable outdoor
exposure in accordance with MIL-C-16173 Grade IV.

19.3.2

Threaded nozzle connections shall be protected with threaded plugs.


However, tell-tale holes in reinforcing pads shall be protected with
wooden plugs or packed with a rust preventative grease such as Denso
paste.

19.3.3

Flanged connections and all other machined surfaces shall be protected


by a coating such as MIL-C-16173 Grade IV, which is easily removed
in the field and fitted with a steel or wood cover, 3 mm thick and
neoprene gaskets.

19.3.4

Covers shall be securely attached by a minimum of four bolts equally


spaced. For ocean shipment, flanged connections shall also be covered
with heavy duty plastic bags securely taped to the nozzles.

19.3.5

Flanges with permanent blind flanges or covers shall be secured with


the gaskets and bolting required for service.

Drawings, Calculations and Data


20.1

The Exchanger Manufacturer shall prepare drawings, calculations, and data in


accordance with Form NMR-7922-1, Non-material Requirements.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


Issue Date: 23 June 2010
Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

20.2

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Drawings and calculations which are approved by the Design Engineer shall not
relieve the Exchanger Manufacturer of the responsibility to comply with the
Code, and this specification.

6 September 2008
23 June 2010

Revision Summary
Major revision.
Editorial revision to add paragraph 12.1.10.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Table 1 Acceptable Materials for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels


Exchanger
Component

-100 to -47C
SA-203
Grade D or E

Design Metal Temperature


-46 to 0C
1 to 425C
SA-516
SA-516
Grade 70, or
Grade 70N
SA-537 Class 1 or
or SA-537 Class 1
SA-285 Grade C (1)

Shell pipe

SA-333

SA-333

Tubes, (Baffles, tube SA-249


supports) (2)(4)
Type 304
Forged flanges
SA-350 LF3
and forged fittings

SA-334 or
SA-249 Type 304

SA-106
Grade B or SA-53
Grade B (1)
SA-179 or
SA-214

Nozzle pipe

Grade 3

Grade 6

SA-350 LF2

SA-105

Wrought fittings

SA-420 WPL3

SA-420 WPL6

SA-234 WPB

Studs/nuts for
pressure
connection

SA-320 L43/
SA-194
Grades 4 or 7

SA-320
L7/SA-194
Grade 2H

SA-193B7/
SA-194
Grade 2H

426 to 645C
SA-387
Grade 11, 12 or 22
SA-335
P11, 12 or 22
SA-179 or SA-214
or SA-213 Type 304
SA-182
F11, 12 or 22
SA-234
WP 11, 12 or 22
SA-193
B5, or B16/SA-194
2H or 2

General Notes:
(A) Materials for hydrogen service shall be selected in accordance with API PUBL 941 using a value for the
hydrogen partial pressure 10% above the design partial pressure and a temperature of 30C above the design
temperature.
(B) Materials for exchangers in amine service shall be selected in accordance with Table 1 and API RP 945.
(C) Materials for exchangers in wet sour service, with design temperature up to 200C, shall be in accordance
with Table 1, with the following revisions:
(1) Forged flanges and forged fittings are restricted to: SA-350 LF1 or LF2 or SA-266, Class 4, S2.1.
(2) Studs and nuts are restricted to: SA-193 B7M or L7M and SA-194 Grade 2HM.
(3) Satisfy the requirements of NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 and NACE RP0472.
(4) For exchangers under the service conditions specified in paragraph 12.1.9.1, shells and heads formed
from plate shall be manufactured from HIC resistant steel.
(D) Materials for pressure components in sea water service shall be in accordance with Table 1 with the following
revisions:
(1) Carbon steel pressure components in contact with sea water shall be clad or weld overlayed with Monel.
(2) Tube material shall be either Cu/Ni SB-111 (Alloy Number C71500) or Titanium SB-338 Grade 2.
(E) Low alloy material shall be specified in the normalized and tempered heat treated condition.
(F) The material for nameplate mounting brackets shall be of the same type and material grade as the shell material.
(G) Impact testing of materials and welding procedures are required when MDMT is lower than -28C.
(H) Impact testing of materials is only required when MDMT is -27 to -18C. Impact testing of welding procedures
is not required for this temperature range, (unless otherwise required by the applicable Codes), if the
consumable classifications per ASME SEC IIC have impact property requirements at -46C or lower.
Specific Notes:
(1) SA-53 and SA-285 materials shall only be used for utility services.
(2) Tubes in hydrogen, wet sour, amine and caustic services shall be seamless.
(3) Movable shell support plates shall be of the same ASME material as the shell material.
(4) Baffles, tube supports, and impingement protection shall be of the same basic material as the tubes except for
high alloy steel tubes when these components may be of carbon steel provided shell side fluid does not
require more corrosion resistant material. For titanium tubes, the materials for these components shall be
subject to approval from Saudi Aramco Engineer.

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Document Responsibility: Heat Transfer Equipment


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Next Planned Update: 6 September 2013

32-SAMSS-028
Manufacture of Double Pipe Heat Exchangers

Table 2 Charpy-V Impact Test Requirements


Minimum Required Impact Value for Full Size Specimen at MDMT, Joules
Reference Thickness, t, inch
Material Class

t<

<t<1

1<t<2

t>2

1a
1b
2a
2b
2c
3

34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27

34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27

34/27
34/27
34/27
34/27
47/38
34/27

34/27
34/27
34/27
47/38
61/48
34/27

Notes:
(1) In the notation such as 34/27, the first number is the minimum average energy of three
specimens and the second number is the minimum for one specimen impact test results.
(2) See Table 3 for material specification.

Table 3 Material Classes


Class
1a
2b
2a
2b
2c
3
2b
2b
2c
1a
3
2a
2b
2b
2c
2b
3
2b
2c
2a
2b
2c
2b
2c
2c
2c

SA 53
SA 105
SA106
SA 182
SA 182
SA 203
SA 204
SA 266
SA 266
SA 333
SA 333
SA 333
SA 335
SA 336
SA 336
SA 350
SA 350
SA 387
SA 387
SA 442
SA 516
SA 533
SA 537
SA 420
SA 234
SA 234

Material Specification
Gr. B
Gr. B
Gr. F11 and F12
Gr. F22
Gr. D and E
Gr. A, B and C
Cl. 1
Cl. 2 and 4
Gr. 1
Gr. 3
Gr. 6
Gr. P11, P12 and P22
Gr. F12
Gr. F11 and F22
Gr. LF2
Gr. LF3
Cl. 1, Gr. 11, 12 and 22; Cl. 2, Gr. 12
Cl. 2, Gr. 11 and 22
Gr. 55 and 60
Gr. 70
Cl. 1
Cl. 1
Gr. WPP3 and WPL6
Gr. WPB
Gr. WP11, WP12 and WP22

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