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Training Course

GPON AOLT-4000 Installation


Day 1
Module 1.6
GPON 984.3 Protocol

GEM Encapsulation
UserDataencapsulatedintoGEMFrames
GEMID 12bit
AnalogoustoVirtualCircuitinDSL

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DownstreamDataFlow
In the downstream direction,
The traffic multiplexing functionality is centralized.
OLT multiplexes the GEM frames onto the transmission
medium using GEM Port-ID as a key to identify the GEM
frames that belong to different downstream logical
connections.
Each ONU filters the downstream GEM frames based
on their GEM Port-IDs and processes only the GEM
frames that belong to that ONU.
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Downstream Multiplexing

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Traffic Multiplexing in Upstream Direction


The OLT grants upstream transmission opportunities, or
upstream bandwidth allocations, to the traffic-bearing entities
within the subtending ONUs.
The ONUs traffic-bearing entities that are recipients of the
upstream bandwidth allocations are identified by their Allocation
IDs (Alloc-IDs).
The bandwidth allocations to different Alloc-IDs are multiplexed
in time as specified by the OLT in the Bandwidth Maps
transmitted downstream.
Within each bandwidth allocation, the ONU uses the GEM PortID as a multiplexing key to identify the GEM frames that belong
to different upstream logical connections
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Upstream Multiplexing

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GPON Transmission Convergence layer


Overview
GTC Layer Protocol Stack

ProtocolStackfortheGTCLayer
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GTC Sublayers
GPON transmission convergence (GTC) layer: A protocol layer of the
GPON protocol suite that is positioned between the physical media
dependent(PMD)layerandtheGPONclients.
TheGTClayeriscomposedofGTCframingsublayerandGTCadaptation
sublayer.
GTC adaptation sublayer: A sublayer of the GPON transmission
convergence layer that supports the functions of user data
fragmentation and defragmentation, GEM encapsulation, GEM frame
delineationandGEMPortIDfiltering.
GTC framing sublayer: A sublayer of the GPON transmission
convergence layer that supports the functions of GTC frame/burst
encapsulationanddelineation,embeddedOAMprocessingandAllocID
filtering.
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Functional Blocks in Control /Mgmt Plane

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Control / Management Plane


The Control and Management Plane in the GTC
system consist of three parts :
Embedded OAM,
PLOAM
OMCI

The Embedded OAM and PLOAM channels


manage the functions of the PMD and GTC
layers.
The OMCI provides a uniform system for
managing higher (service-defining) layers.
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User-Plane Protocol Stack

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Traffic Flow in User-Plane


Traffic flows in the U-plane is identified by their GEM port-IDs
and payload type as show in the figure.
In the downstream direction, the GEM frames are carried in the
GTC payload and arrive at all the ONUs.
The ONU framing sublayer extracts the frames, and the GEM
TC adapter filters the frames based on their 12-bit Port-ID.
Only frames with the appropriate Port-IDs are allowed through to
the GEM client function.
In the upstream direction, the GEM traffic is carried over one or
more T-CONTs.
The OLT receives the transmission associated with the T-CONT
and the frames are forwarded to the GEM TC adapter and then
the GEM client.
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Bandwidth Allocation MAP

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Summarization

GEM Encapsulation
PLOAM
OMCI

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