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MomentumandCollisionsReview

MomentumandCollisionsReview
PartA:MultipleMultipleChoice
1.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrueaboutmomentum?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.

Momentumisavectorquantity.
ThestandardunitonmomentumistheJoule.
Anobjectwithmasswillhavemomentum.
Anobjectwhichismovingataconstantspeedhasmomentum.
Anobjectcanbetravelingeastwardandslowingdown;itsmomentumiswestward.
Momentumisaconservedquantity;themomentumofanobjectisneverchanged.
Themomentumofanobjectvariesdirectlywiththespeedoftheobject.
Twoobjectsofdifferentmassaremovingatthesamespeed;themoremassive
objectwillhavethegreatestmomentum.
i. Alessmassiveobjectcanneverhavemoremomentumthanamoremassiveobject.
j. Twoidenticalobjectsaremovinginoppositedirectionsatthesamespeed.The
forwardmovingobjectwillhavethegreatestmomentum.
k. Anobjectwithachangingspeedwillhaveachangingmomentum.
2.Whichofthefollowingaretrueabouttherelationshipbetweenmomentumand
energy?
a. Momentumisaformofenergy.
b. Ifanobjecthasmomentum,thenitmustalsohavemechanicalenergy.
c. Ifanobjectdoesnothavemomentum,thenitdefinitelydoesnothavemechanical
energyeither.
d. ObjectAhasmoremomentumthanobjectB.Therefore,objectAwillalsohave
morekineticenergy.
e. Twoobjectsofvaryingmasshavethesamemomentum.Theleastmassiveofthe
twoobjectswillhavethegreatestkineticenergy.
3.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrueaboutimpulse?
a. Impulseisaforce.
b. Impulseisavectorquantity.
c. Anobjectwhichistravelingeastwouldexperienceawestwarddirectedimpulseina
collision.
d. Objectsinvolvedincollisionsencounterimpulses.
e. TheNewtonistheunitforimpulse.
f. Thekgm/sisequivalenttotheunitsonimpulse.
g. Anobjectwhichexperiencesanetimpulsewilldefinitelyexperienceamomentum
change.
h. Inacollision,thenetimpulseexperiencedbyanobjectisequaltoitsmomentum
change.
i. Aforceof100Nactingfor0.1secondswouldprovideanequivalentimpulseasa
forceof5Nactingfor2.0seconds.
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4.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrueaboutcollisions?
a. Twocollidingobjectswillexertequalforcesuponeachothereveniftheirmassis
significantlydifferent.
b. Duringacollision,anobjectalwaysencountersanimpulseandachangein
momentum.
c. Duringacollision,theimpulsewhichanobjectexperiencesisequaltoitsvelocity
change.
d. Thevelocitychangeoftworespectiveobjectsinvolvedinacollisionwillalwaysbe
equal.
e. Whileindividualobjectsmaychangetheirvelocityduringacollision,theoverallor
totalvelocityofthecollidingobjectsisconserved.
f. Inacollision,thetwocollidingobjectscouldhavedifferentaccelerationvalues.
g. Inacollisionbetweentwoobjectsofidenticalmass,theaccelerationvaluescouldbe
different.
h. Totalmomentumisalwaysconservedbetweenanytwoobjectsinvolvedina
collision.
i. Whenamovingobjectcollideswithastationaryobjectofidenticalmass,the
stationaryobjectencountersthegreatercollisionforce.
j. Whenamovingobjectcollideswithastationaryobjectofidenticalmass,the
stationaryobjectencountersthegreatermomentumchange.
k. Amovingobjectcollideswithastationaryobject;thestationaryobjecthas
significantlylessmass.Thestationaryobjectencountersthegreatercollisionforce.
l. Amovingobjectcollideswithastationaryobject;thestationaryobjecthas
significantlylessmass.Thestationaryobjectencountersthegreatermomentum
change.
5.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrueaboutelasticandinelasticcollisions?
a. Perfectlyelasticandperfectlyinelasticcollisionsarethetwooppositeextremes
alongacontinuum;whereaparticularcollisionliesalongthecontinuumis
dependentupontheamountkineticenergywhichisconservedbythetwoobjects.
b. Mostcollisionstendtobepartiallytocompletelyelastic.
c. Momentumisconservedinanelasticcollisionbutnotinaninelasticcollision.
d. Thekineticenergyofanobjectremainsconstantduringanelasticcollision.
e. Elasticcollisionsoccurwhenthecollisionforceisanoncontactforce.
f. Mostcollisionsarenotinelasticbecausethecollisionforcescauseenergyofmotion
tobetransformedintosound,lightandthermalenergy(tonameafew).
g. Aballisdroppedfromrestandcollideswiththeground.Thehigherthattheball
risesuponcollisionwiththeground,themoreelasticthatthecollisionis.
h. Amovingairtrackglidercollideswithasecondstationarygliderofidenticalmass.
Thefirstgliderlosesallofitskineticenergyduringthecollisionasthesecondglider
issetinmotionwiththesameoriginalspeedasthefirstglider.Sincethefirstglider
lostallofitskineticenergy,thisisaperfectlyinelasticcollision.
i. Thecollisionbetweenatennisballandatennisrackettendstobemoreelasticin
naturethanacollisionbetweenahalfbackandlinebackerinfootball.
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PartB:MultipleChoice
6.Whichofthefollowingobjectshavemomentum?Includeallthatapply.
a.Anelectronisorbitingthenucleusofanatom.
b.AUPStruckisstoppedinfrontoftheschoolbuilding.
c.AYugo(acompactcar)ismovingwithaconstantspeed.
d.AsmallfleawalkingwithconstantspeedacrossFido'sback.
e.Thehighschoolbuildingrestsinthemiddleoftown.
7.Atruckdrivingalongahighwayroadhasalargequantityofmomentum.Ifitmoves
atthesamespeedbuthastwiceasmuchmass,itsmomentumis________________.
a.zero

b.quadrupled

c. doubled

d. unchanged

8.TRUEorFALSE:
Aballisdroppedfromthesameheightuponvariousflatsurfaces.Forthesame
collisiontime,impulsesaresmallerwhenthemostbouncingtakeplace.
a.True

b. False

9.Considerakarateexpert.Duringatalentshow,sheexecutesaswiftblowtoa
cementblockandbreaksitwithherbarehand.Duringthecollisionbetweenherhand
andtheblock,the___.
a. timeofimpactonboththeblockandtheexpert'shandisthesame
b. forceonboththeblockandtheexpert'shandhavethesamemagnitude
c. impulseonboththeblockandtheexpert'shandhavethesamemagnitude
d. alloftheabove.
e. noneoftheabove.
10.ItisNOTpossibleforarockettoaccelerateinouterspacebecause____.Listall
thatapply.
a. thereisnoairinspace
b. thereisnofrictioninspace
c. thereisnogravityinouterspace
d. ...nonsense!Rocketsdoaccelerateinouterspace.
11.Inordertocatchaball,abaseballplayernaturallymoveshisorherhand
backwardinthedirectionoftheball'smotiononcetheballcontactsthehand.This
habitcausestheforceofimpactontheplayershandtobereducedinsizeprincipally
because___.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

theresultingimpactvelocityislessened
themomentumchangeisdecreased
thetimeofimpactisincreased
thetimeofimpactisdecreased
noneofthese
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12.SupposethatPaulD.Triggerfiresabulletfromagun.Thespeedofthebullet
leavingthemuzzlewillbethesameasthespeedoftherecoilinggun____.
a. becausemomentumisconserved
b. becausevelocityisconserved
c. becausebothvelocityandmomentumareconserved
d. onlyifthemassofthebulletequalsthemassofthegun
e. noneofthese
13.Supposethatyou'redrivingdownthehighwayandamothcrashesintothe
windshieldofyourcar.Whichundergoesthegreaterchangeismomentum?
a.themoth

b.your car

c. both the same

14.Supposethatyou'redrivingdownthehighwayandamothcrashesintothe
windshieldofyourcar.Whichundergoesthegreaterforce?
a.themoth

b.your car

c. both the same

15.Supposethatyou'redrivingdownthehighwayandamothcrashesintothe
windshieldofyourcar.Whichundergoesthegreaterimpulse?
a.themoth

b.your car

c. both the same

16.Supposethatyou'redrivingdownthehighwayandamothcrashesintothe
windshieldofyourcar.Whichundergoesthegreateracceleration?
a.themoth

b.your car

c. both the same

17.Threeboxes,X,Y,andZ,areat rest on a table as


showninthediagramattheright.Theweightofeachbox
isindicatedinthediagram.Thenetorunbalancedforce
actingonboxYis_____.
a.4Ndown

b.5Ndown

c. 5 N up

d. 10 N up

e.zero

18.Inaphysicsexperiment,twoequalmasscartsrolltowardseachotheronalevel,
lowfrictiontrack.Onecartrollsrightwardat2m/sandtheothercartrollsleftwardat
1m/s.Afterthecartscollide,theycouple(attachtogether)androlltogetherwitha
speedof_____________.Ignoreresistiveforces.
a.0.5m/s

b.0.33m/s

c. 0.67 m/s

d. 1.0 m/s

e. noneofthese

19.Aphysicscartrollsalongalowfrictiontrackwithconsiderablemomentum.Ifit
rollsatthesamespeedbuthastwiceasmuchmass,itsmomentumis____.
a.zero

b.fourtimesaslarge

c. twice as large

d.unchanged

20.Thefiringofabulletbyariflecausestherifletorecoilbackwards.Thespeedofthe
rifle'srecoilissmallerthanthebullet'sforwardspeedbecausethe___.
a.forceagainsttherifleisrelatively small b. speed is mainly concentratedinthe bullet
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MomentumandCollisionsReview

c.riflehaslotsofmass

d. momentum of the rifleisunchanged

e.noneofthese

21.Twoobjects,AandB,havethesamesizeandshape.ObjectAistwiceasmassive
asB.Theobjectsaresimultaneouslydroppedfromahighwindowonatallbuilding.
(Neglecttheeffectairresistance.)Theobjectswillreachthegroundatthesametime
butobjectAwillhaveagreater___.Chooseallthatapply.
a.speed

b.acceleration

c. momentum

d.noneoftheabovequantitieswill be greater
22.Carsareequippedwithpaddeddashboards.Incollisions,thepaddeddashboards
wouldbesaferthannonpaddedonesbecausethey____.Listallthatapply.
a.increasetheimpacttime

b. decrease an occupant's impulse

c.decreasetheimpactforce

d. none of the above

23.A4kgobjecthasamomentumof12kgm/s.Theobject'sspeedis___m/s.
a.3

b.4

c.12

d. 48

e. none of these.

24.Awadofchewedbubblegumismovingwith1unitofmomentumwhenitcollides
withaheavyboxthatisinitiallyatrest.Thegumstickstotheboxandbotharesetin
motionwithacombinedmomentumthatis___.
a.lessthan1unit

b.1unit c. more than 1 unit

d. not enoughinformation

25.Arelativelylargeforceactingforarelativelylongamountoftimeonarelatively
smallmasswillproducearelatively______.Listallthatapply.
a.smallvelocitychange

b. large velocity change

c.smallmomentumchange

d. small acceleration

26.Considertheconceptsofworkandenergy(presumingyouhavealreadystudiedit)
andthoseofimpulseandmomentum.Forceandtimeisrelatedtomomentumchange
inthesamemannerasforceanddisplacementpertainsto___________.
a.impulse

b.work

c.energy change

d. velocity

e. noneofthese.

27.A5Nforceisappliedtoa3kgballtochangeitsvelocityfrom+9m/sto+3m/s.
Thisimpulsecausesthemomentumchangeoftheballtobe____kgm/s.
a.2.5

b.10

c.18

d. 45

e. none of these

28.A5Nforceisappliedtoa3kgballtochangeitsvelocityfrom+9m/sto+3m/s.
Theimpulseexperiencedbytheballis____Ns.
a.2.5

b.10

c.18

d. 45

e. none of these

29.A5Nforceisappliedtoa3kgballtochangeitsvelocityfrom+9m/sto+3m/s.
Theimpulseisencounteredbytheballforatimeof____seconds.
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a.1.8

b.2.5

c.3.6

d. 10

e. none of these

30.WhenamassMexperiencesavelocitychangeofvinatimeoft,itexperiencesa
forceofF.Assumingthesamevelocitychangeofv,theforceexperiencedbyamass
of2Minatimeof(1/2)tis____.
a.2F

b.4F

c.(1/2)*F

d. (1/4)*F

e. none of these

31.WhenamassMexperiencesavelocitychangeofvinatimeoft,itexperiencesa
forceofF.Assumingthesamevelocitychangeofv,theforceexperiencedbyamass
of2Minatimeof(1/4)tis____.
a.2F

b.8F

c.(1/2)*F

d. (1/8)*F

e. none of these

32.WhenamassMexperiencesavelocitychangeofvinatimeoft,itexperiencesa
forceofF.Assumingthesamevelocitychangeofv,theforceexperiencedbyamassof
(1/2)Minatimeof(1/2)tis____.
a.2F

b.4F

c.(1/2)*F

d. (1/4)*F

e. none of these

33.WhenamassMexperiencesavelocitychangeofvinatimeoft,itexperiencesa
forceofF.Assumingthesamevelocitychangeofv,theforceexperiencedbyamassof
(1/2)Minatimeof4tis____.
a.2F

b.8F

c.(1/2)*F

d. (1/8)*F

e. none of these

34.A0.5kgballmovingat5m/sstrikesawallandreboundsintheoppositedirection
withaspeedof2m/s.Iftheimpulseoccursforatimedurationof0.01s,thenthe
averageforce(magnitudeonly)actingupontheballis____Newtons.
a.0.14

b.150

c.350

d. 500

e. none of these

35.Ifmassandcollisiontimeareequal,thenimpulsesaregreateronobjectswhich
rebound(orbounce).
a.TRUE

b. FALSE

36.Considertheheadoncollisionbetweenaladybugandthewindshieldofahigh
speedbus.Whichofthefollowingstatementsaretrue?Listallthatapply.
a. Themagnitudeoftheforceencounteredbythebugisgreaterthanthatofthebus.
b. Themagnitudeoftheimpulseencounteredbythebugisgreaterthanthatofthe
bus.
c. Themagnitudeofthemomentumchangeencounteredbythebugisgreaterthan
thatofthebus.
d. Themagnitudeofthevelocitychangeencounteredbythebugisgreaterthanthatof
thebus.
e. Themagnitudeoftheaccelerationencounteredbythebugisgreaterthanthatof
thebus.

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PartC:DiagrammingandAnalysis
ForQuestions#37#40:Considerthebeforeandaftercollisionmomentumvectorsin
thediagrambelow.Determinethemagnitudeanddirectionofthesystemmomentum
beforeandafterthecollisionandidentifywhetherornotmomentumisconserved.
Finally,determinethemagnitudeanddirectionofthenetexternalimpulseencountered
bythesystemduringthecollision.
37.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
38.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
39.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
40.

SystemMomentumBefore Collision:

_________________________

SystemMomentumAfter Collision:

_________________________
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Ismomentum conserved?

_________________________

NetExternalImpulseDuring Collision:

_________________________
ForQuestions#41#44:Repeattheprocedureperformedinquestions#3740.Notethat
thesediagramsgivevelocityandmassvaluesbeforeandafterthecollision.
41.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
42.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
43.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________
44.

SystemMomentum Before Collision: _________________________


SystemMomentum After Collision: _________________________
Ismomentum conserved? _________________________
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NetExternalImpulse During Collision: _________________________


ForQuestions#45#49,determinetheunknownvelocityvalue.Assumethatthe
collisionsoccurinanisolatedsystem.
45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

ForQuestions#50#52,determinethetotalkineticenergyofthesystembeforeand
afterthecollisionandidentifythecollisionasbeingeitherperfectlyelastic,partially
inelastic/elasticorperfectlyinelastic.
50.

TotalSystem Kinetic Energy Before Collision: ______________


TotalSystem Kinetic Energy After Collision: ______________
PerfectlyElastic,PartiallyInelastic/Elastic or Perfectly Inelastic? ______________

51.

TotalSystem Kinetic Energy Before Collision: ______________


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TotalSystem Kinetic Energy After Collision: ______________


PerfectlyElastic,PartiallyInelastic/Elastic or Perfectly Inelastic? ______________
52.

TotalSystem Kinetic Energy Before Collision: ______________


TotalSystem Kinetic Energy After Collision: ______________
PerfectlyElastic,PartiallyInelastic/Elastic or Perfectly Inelastic? ______________

PartD:QualitativeRelationshipsBetweenVariables
53.AnobjectwithamassMandavelocityvhasamomentumof32kgm/s.An
objectwithamassof...
a. ...2Mandavelocityof2vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
b. ...2Mandavelocityof0.5vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
c. ...0.5Mandavelocityof2vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
d. ...0.5Mandavelocityof0.5vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
e. ...4Mandavelocityofvwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
f. ...4Mandavelocityof0.5vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
g. ...0.5Mandavelocityof4vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
h. ...3Mandavelocityof2vwouldhaveamomentumof____kgm/s.
54.AnobjectwithamassMandavelocityvundergoesacollisionandencountersa
forceofFforatimeoft.Thecollisionbringstheobjecttoafinalrestposition...
a. ...Iftheobjecthadamassof2Mandavelocityofv,thenitwouldneedanimpulse
whichis____Ftinordertobebroughttorest.(Placeamultiplyingfactorinthe
blank.)
b. ...Ifthesameobjectencounteredaforceof2F,thenitwouldbringittorestina
timeof____t,Theimpulsewouldbe_____(twicethe,onehalfthe,thesame)size
andthemomentumchangewouldbe_____(twicethe,onehalfthe,thesame)size.
c. ...Ifthesameobjectencounteredaforceof10F,thenitwouldbringittorestina
timeof____t,Theimpulsewouldbe_____(tentimesthe,onetenththe,thesame)
sizeandthemomentumchangewouldbe_____(tentimesthe,onetenththe,the
same)size.
d. ...Ifthesameobjectencounteredaforceof0.2F,thenitwouldbringittorestina
timeof____t,Theimpulsewouldbe_____(fivetimesthe,onefifththe,thesame)
sizeandthemomentumchangewouldbe_____(fivetimesthe,onefifththe,the
same)size.
e. ...Iftheobjecthadamassof2Mandavelocityofvencounteredaforceof4F,then
itwouldbebroughttorestinatimeof____t.Theimpulsewouldbe_____times
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theoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank)andthemomentumchangewould
be_____timestheoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank).
f. ...Iftheobjecthadamassof2Mandavelocityof2vencounteredaforceof4F,then
itwouldbebroughttorestinatimeof____t.Theimpulsewouldbe_____times
theoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank)andthemomentumchangewould
be_____timestheoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank).
g. ...Iftheobjecthadamassof0.5Mandavelocityof4vencounteredaforceof2F,
thenitwouldbebroughttorestinatimeof____t.Theimpulsewouldbe_____
timestheoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank)andthemomentumchange
wouldbe_____timestheoriginalimpulse(putamultiplierintheblank).
55.Twocartsareplacednexttoeachotheronalowfrictiontrack.Thecartsare
equippedwithaspringloadedmechanismwhichallowsthemtoimpartanimpulseto
eachother.CartAhasamassofMandCartBhasamassofM.Thespringloaded
mechanismisengagedandthenreleased.TheimpulsecausesCartAtobepropelled
forwardwithavelocityof40cm/s.
a. CartBwillbepropelledbackwardwithavelocityof___cm/s.
b. ...IfCartBhadamassof2Mthenitwouldbepropelledbackwardswithavelocityof
___cm/s.
c. ...IfCartBhadamassof0.5Mthenitwouldbepropelledbackwardswithavelocity
of___cm/s.
d. ...IfCartBhasamassof2Mthenitwouldbepropelledbackwardswitha
momentumwhichis____(twotimesthe,onehalfthe,thesameasthe)original
momentum.
e. ...IfCartBhasamassof2Mthenitwouldencounteranimpulsewhichis____(two
timesthe,onehalfthe,thesameasthe)originalimpulse.
56.AcartwithamassofMismovingalongalowfrictiontrackwithaspeedof60
cm/s.Abrickisgentlydroppedfromrestuponthecart.Afterthecollisionthecartand
brickmovetogether.
a. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof2M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjectswill
be____cm/s.
b. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof3M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjectswill
be____cm/s.
c. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof4M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjectswill
be____cm/s.
d. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof5M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjectswill
be____cm/s.
e. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof0.5M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjects
willbe____cm/s.
f. ...Ifthebrickhasamassof0.25M,thenthepostcollisionspeedofthetwoobjects
willbe____cm/s.

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PartE:ProblemSolving
57.A0.530kgbasketballhitsawallheadonwithaforwardspeedof18.0m/s.It
reboundswithaspeedof13.5m/s.Thecontacttimeis0.100seconds.(a)determine
theimpulsewiththewall,(b)determinetheforceofthewallontheball.
58.A4.0kgobjecthasaforwardmomentumof20.kgm/s.A60.Nsimpulseacts
uponitinthedirectionofmotionfor5.0seconds.Aresistiveforceof6.0Nthen
impedesitsmotionfor8.0seconds.Determinethefinalvelocityoftheobject.
59.A3.0kgobjectismovingforwardwithaspeedof6.0m/s.Theobjectthen
encountersaforceof2.5Nfor8.0secondsinthedirectionofitsmotion.Theobject
thencollidesheadonwithawallandheadsintheoppositedirectionwithaspeedof
5.0m/s.Determinetheimpulsedeliveredbythewalltotheobject.
60.A46gramtennisballislaunchedfroma1.35kghomemadecannon.Ifthecannon
recoilswithaspeedof2.1m/s,determinethemuzzlespeedofthetennisball.
61.A2.0kgboxisattachedbyastringtoa5.0kgbox.Acompressedspringisplaced
betweenthem.Thetwoboxesareinitiallyatrestonafrictionfreetrack.Thestringis
cutandthespringappliesanimpulsetobothboxes,settingtheminmotion.The2.0
kgboxispropelledbackwardsandmoves1.2meterstotheendofthetrackin0.50
seconds.Determinethetimeittakesthe5.0kgboxtomove0.90meterstothe
oppositeendofthetrack.
62.Twochildrenareplayingwithalargesnowballwhileoniceskatesonafrozen
pond.The33kgchildtossesthe5.0kgsnowball,impartingahorizontalspeedof5.0
m/stoit.The33kgchildis4.0metersfroma28kgchildand8.0metersfromthe
edgeofthepond(locatedbehindhim).Assumingnegligiblefriction,howmuchtime
elapsesbetweenwhenthe28kgchildgetshitbythesnowballandwhenthe33kg
childreachestheedgeofthepond?
63.A2.8kgphysicscartismovingforwardwithaspeedof45cm/s.A1.9kgbrickis
droppedfromrestandlandsonthecart.Thecartandbrickmovetogetheracrossthe
horizontalsurface.Assumeanisolatedsystem.
a.Determinethepostcollisionspeedofthecartandthebrick.
b.Determinethemomentumchangeofthecart.
c.Determinethemomentumchangeofthebrick.
d.Determinethenetimpulseuponthecart.
e.Determinethenetimpulseuponthesystemofcartandbrick.
64.Inaphysicslab,a0.500kgcartmovingat36.4cm/scollidesinelasticallywitha
secondcartwhichisinitiallyatrest.Thetwocartsmovetogetherwithaspeedof21.8
cm/safterthecollision.Determinethemassofthesecondcart.

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65.A9230kgtruckcollidesheadonwitha1250kgparkedcar.Thevehiclesentangle
togetherandslidealineardistanceof10.6metersbeforecomingtorest.Assuminga
uniformcoefficientoffrictionof0.820betweentheroadsurfaceandthevehicles,
determinetheprecollisionspeedofthetruck.
66.Aclassicphysicsdemonstrationinvolvesfiringabulletintoablockofwood
suspendedbystringsfromtheceiling.Theheighttowhichthewoodrisesbelowits
lowestpositionismathematicallyrelatedtotheprecollisionspeedofthebullet.Ifa
9.7grambulletisfiredintothecenterofa1.1kgblockofwoodanditrisesupwarda
distanceof33cm,thenwhatwastheprecollisionspeedofthebullet?
67.Atanamusementpark,twinbrothersTubby(m=50kg)andChubby(m=62kg)
occupyseparate36kgbumpercars.Tubbygetshiscarcruisingat3.6m/sandcollides
headonwithChubbywhoismovingtheoppositedirectionat1.6m/s.Afterthe
collision,Tubbybouncesbackwardsat0.5m/s.Assuminganisolatedsystem,
determine
a....Chubby'spostcollisionspeed.
b....thepercentageoforiginalkineticenergywhichislostastheresultofthe
collision.
68.Twobilliardballs,assumedtohaveidenticalmass,collideinaperfectlyelastic
collision.BallAisheadingEastat12m/s.BallBismovingWestat8.0m/s.Determine
thepostcollisionvelocitiesofBallAandBallB.
69.A1.72kgblockofsoftwoodissuspendedbytwostringsfromtheceiling.The
woodisfreetorotateinpendulumlikefashionwhenaforceisexerteduponit.A
8.50gbulletisfiredintothewood.Thebulletentersthewoodat431m/sandexits
theoppositesideshortlythereafter.Ifthewoodrisestoaheightof13.8cm,then
whatistheexitspeedofthebullet?
70.Inaphysicslab,thepitchingspeedofastudentisdeterminedbythrowinga
baseballintoaboxandobservingthebox'smotionafterthecatch.Ameasurementof
thedistancetheboxslidesacrossaroughsurfaceofknowncoefficientoffrictionwill
allowonetodeterminethepreimpactspeedofthepitchedball.Ifa0.256kgballhits
a3.46kgboxandtheballandboxslideadistanceof2.89metersacrossasurfacewith
acoefficientoffrictionof0.419,thenwhatisthepreimpactspeedofthepitchedball?
71.Twoiceskaterscollideontheice.A39.6kgskatermovingSouthat6.21m/s
collideswitha52.1kgskatermovingEastat4.33m/s.Thetwoskatersentangleand
movetogetheracrosstheice.Determinethemagnitudeanddirectionoftheirpost
collisionvelocity.
72.Inaphysicslab,twocartscollideelasticallyonalevel,lowfrictiontrack.CartAhas
amassof1.500kgandismovingeastat36.5cm/s.CartBhasamassof0.500kgand
ismovingWestat42.8cm/s.Determinethepostcollisionvelocitiesofthetwocarts.

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