Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY

SEMESTER I

SEMESTER II

YEAR ONE

YEAR ONE

Prerequisite Courses for Specialisation

Prerequisite Courses for Specialisation

AEEA1101:
AEEA1102:

History of Malaysia (3)


Southeast Asian History from
the 1st century until the 15th
century (3)

YEAR TWO
Compulsory Courses
AEEA2125:

AEEA2306:
AEEA2331:
AEEA2333:

AEEA1104:

YEAR TWO

Elective Courses
Section A : Malaysian History

The Resistance and Protest


Movements in Malaysia (3)
Islam and Society in Malaysia,
1400-2008 (3)
History of Plural Society in
Malaysia (3)
History of British Administration
in Malaysia, 1874-1941 (3)

AEEA2302:
AEEA2303:
AEEA2321:
AEEA2324:
AEEA2328:
AEEA2332:

Section B : Southeast Asian and World History


AEEA2308:
AEEA2309:
AEEA2310:
AEEA2330:
AEEA2337:

Introduction to The History of


Civilization In Asia (3)
Introduction to European
Civilization (3)

Theory and Method of History


(3)

Elective Courses
Section A : Malaysian History
AEEA2304:

AEEA1103:

Malay Culture and Society from


15th to 18th Century (3)
Politics, Trade and Diplomacy in
the Malay States 1700-1800 (3)
History of Education in Malaysia
(3)
Introduction to the History of Arts
in Classical Age Malaysia and
Indonesia (3)
Political History and
Administration of Sabah and
Sarawak 1841-1946 (3)
History of Women in Malaysia (3)

Section B : Southeast Asian and World History

The History of Politics and


Commerce in Early Southeast
Asia (3)
History of South Asia (3)
The Study of Archaeology I (3)
History of European Economic
Expansion, 1500-1914 (3)
The Early History of United
States, 1400 1877 (3)

AEEA2311:
AEEA2318:
AEEA2339:

Nationalism in Southeast Asia (3)


History of Modern China (3)
Islamic Historiography (3)

YEAR THREE

YEAR THREE

Compulsory Courses

Compulsory Courses

AEEA3180:

Academic Project I (3)


(compulsory to students majoring
in history)

AEEA3180:

Academic Project II (3)


(Requirement: AEEA3180: Academic
Project I)

330

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
SEMESTER I

SEMESTER II

YEAR THREE
Elective Courses

YEAR THREE
Electives Courses

Section A : Malaysian History

Section A : Malaysian History

AEEA3304:
AEEA3331:

Political Developments in
Malaysia, post 1957 (3)
The Study of Islam Archaeology in
Malaysia (3)

AEEA3302
AEEA3303:
AEEA3306:
AEEA3325:
AEEA3333:
AEEA3334:

Section B : Southeast Asian and World History


AEEA3322:
AEEA3324:
AEEA3330:

Section B : Southeast Asian and World History


AEEA3320:
AEEA3321:

History of Indonesian, 1900-1965


(3)
Japan Early History (3)
Separatist Movements in China
during the 19th and 20th century
(3)

AEEA3341:
AEEA3342:

SHORT SEMESTER (YEAR THREE)


Compulsory Courses
AEEA3190:

Prakticum (4)

YEAR FOUR
Elective Courses
Section A : Malaysian History
AEEA3305:
AEEA3335:

Documentation and Historical


Sources in Malaysia (3)
The History of Development in
Sabah and Sarawak and National
Integration 1946-1990 (3)

Section B : Southeast Asian and World History


AEEA3316:
AEEA3318:
AEEA3343

Nationalism in Malaysia (3)


Historiography of the Malays,
Malaysia and Nusantara (3)
Social Change in Malaysia (3)
A Study of Malaysia Political
Biography (3)
The Emergency In Malaysia, 19481960 (3)
Japanese Occupation of Malaya,
1941-1945 (3)

History of Indochina, 1883-1986


(3)
Political History of Thailand, 19321992 (3)
The History of Intelligence in the
WW2 Era (3)

331

Japan Modern History (3)


Archaeology in Southeast Asia
since the Early History (3)
Modern American History, 18652004 (3)
Political History of Indonesia,
1966-2003 (3)

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
(1)

Majoring (73 credit)


Prerequisite : Pass the Core Courses with at least Grade C in Prerequisition

YEAR ONE

Semester I
Semester II
Semester I

Compulsory

Elective

AEEA1101
AEEA1102
AEEA1103
AEEA1104

Nil

AEEA2125

Candidate has to choose one (1)


courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B

YEAR TWO

Candidate has to choose two (2)


courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B

Semester II

YEAR THREE

YEAR FOUR
(2)

Semester I

AEEA3180 (I)

Candidate has to choose two (2)


courses from Section A and two
(2) course from Section B

Semester II

AEEA3180 (II)

Candidate has to choose two (2)


courses from Section A and two
(2) course from Section B

Short Semester

AEEA3190
Candidate has to choose two (2)
courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B

Semester I

Minoring (33 credit)


Prerequisite : Pass the Core Courses with at least Grade C in Prerequisition

Semester I

YEAR ONE
Semester II

YEAR TWO

YEAR THREE
YEAR FOUR

Semester I

Compulsory

Elective

AEEA1101
AEEA1102
AEEA1103
or
AEEA1104

Nil

AEEA2125

Semester II
Semester I

Candidate has to choose two (2)


courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B
Candidate has to choose one (1)
courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B

Semester II

Candidate has to choose one (1)


courses from Section A and one
(1) course from Section B

Semester I

332

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
(3)

External Faculty Electives


SEMESTER I

Elective Courses
AEEA2310:
AEEA2337:
AEEA3316:
AEEA3318:
AEEA3330:
AEEA3331:
AEEA3343

SEMESTER II
Elective Courses

The Study of Archaeology I (3)


The Early History of United
States, 1400 1877 (3)
History of Indochina, 1883-1986
(3)
Political History of Thailand,
1932-1992 (3)
Separatist movement in China
during the 19th and 20s (3)
The Study of Islam Archaeology
in Malaysia (3)
The History of Intelligence in the
WW2 Era (3)

AEEA2311:
AEEA2318:
AEEA2324:
AEEA3320:
AEEA3321:
AEEA3341:

333

Nationalism in Southeast Asia


(3)
History of Modern China (3)
Introduction to History of Arts in
Classical Age Malaysia and
Indonesia (3)
Japan Modern History (3)
Archaeology in Southeast Asia
Since The Early History (3)
Modern American History, 18652004 (3)

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY
PROGRAMMES LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the programme, graduates will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Identify important historical events in Malaysian and World History.


Use discipline of history as the basis to solve problems occurred in working environment.
Elucidate and infer specified discussion topics according to available informations, facts and various ideas.
Share information for the understanding of certain issues and historical events.
Apply disciplines of history and other subjects in order to be a competative individual.
Display high patriotism spirit in the society through the understanding of the continuum of nationalists
struggles.
Produce an individual with outstanding personality, ethical and able to adapt to diverse environments.

AEEA1101

HISTORY OF MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the emergence and the golden age of Malay Kingdoms.


Define the development of Malaysian history from the Malacca Sultanate until the formation of
Malaysia.
Explain the development of Malaysian politics, economy and social policies.
Relate the policies of western powers (Portuguese, Dutch and the British) and their impact on the
Malay States.
Describe national struggles toward independence.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will discuss the Melaka Sultanate, Johor Sultanate and other Malay Kingdoms. It will then
discuss the British intervention and its impact on the administration, society and economy in Malaysia.
This course will also discuss political development until the formation of the federation of Malaysia in
1963.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Andaya, Barbara Watson & Andaya, L. Y. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Houndmills: Palgrave Publishers
Ltd.
Khoo Kay Kim. 1984. Negeri-negeri Melayu Pantai Barat 1850-1873: Kesan Perkembangan Dagang
Terhadap Politik Melayu. Petaling Jaya: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.
Muhammad Yusof Hashim. 1989. Kesultanan Melayu Melaka. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.
Naimah, S. Talib. 1999. Administrators and their Service: The Sarawak Administrative under the Brooke
Rajahs and British Colonial Rule. Shah Alam: Oxford Universit Press.
Ranjit Singh, D. S. 2000. The Making of Sabah 1865-1941: The Dynamics of Indigenous Society. Kuala
Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%

334

AEEA1102

SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY FROM THE 1ST CENTURY UNTIL THE 15TH
CENTURY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the emergence of civilizations in Southeast Asia from the 1st century until 15th century.
Explain the Indianization process and the role of local genius in the development of civilizations
and their achievement in Southeast Asia.
Explain the elements of local civilizations.
Understand foreign influences on local civilizations and the syncretization process.
Describe the evolution of the state system, which involves the concept of influence and powers
related to sources, number of people, trading systems and international relations.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course emphasizes on the early Southeast Asian Civilization in the cultural evolution since the prehistoric period until the development of state system and society with their own identities. Focus is
given to the importance of several polities and early states namely Funan, Chenla, Angkor, Srivijaya,
Sailendra, Champa, Li and Tran Dynasties in Vietnam, the government of Pyu and Pagan, Sukhotai, Early
Ayutthaya, Majapahit and Malacca.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Cady, John F. 1979. Southeast Asia: Its Historical Development. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
Coedes, G. 1968. The Indian zed States of Southeast Asia. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.
Hall, D.G.E. 1981. A History of Southeast Asia. London: Macmillan.
Slamet Muljana. R.B. 1981. Kuntala, Sriwijaya dan Surwarnabumi. Jakarta: Yayasan Idayu

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA1103

40%
60%

INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION IN ASIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Name the locations of early human civilizations.


List down the dynasties and their contribution in the development of world civilization.
Explain the background of the development of human civilization and their locations in Asia.
Explain the contribution of these civilizations to the world.
Correlate the factors towards the rise and decline of civilization.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course explains the rise, development and contributions of civilization in the Asian history context
from the early period until 15th century. It is divided into three parts comprising of civilizations in Eastern
Asia, Southern Asia and Western Asia. Amongst aspects discussed including the emergence and
development of early religions and belief systems: the developments of Chou, Han, Tang Dynasties in
China; Palava and Pandiya Dynasties in India; Mesopotamia and Nile River Valley in Western Asia.

335

MAIN REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.
4.

Bammate, Haidar. 1981. Muslim Contribution to Civilization. Lahore: Kazi Publication.


Gernet, Jacques. 1982. A History of Chinese Civilization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Grousset, Rene. 1968. The Rise of Splendour of the Chinese Empire. Berkeley: University of California
Press.
Kulke, Hermann and Rothermund, Diethmar. 1990. A History of India. London: Routledge.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA1104

40%
60%

INTRODUCTION TO EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Recognise the intelectual achievement, political and material civilization in Europe.


Explain the contribution of European civilization toward human development.
Recognise contribution of other civilization in the development of European civilization.
Explain the importance of city states, direct democracy, feudalism, Renaissance, Reformation and
the age of discovery in European Civilization.
Clarify the role of Christianity in European civilization.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course examines the development of European civilization from the classical age until the early
modern era. Among important aspects are the development of the city state during the Greek era,
development of the Roman Empire and the rise of global civilization during Hellenistic age. On the
discussion on Middle Ages, the focus will be given to the role of church institution, the development of
feudalism, rise of cities and parliament and the development of education. In regards to the
development of early modern civilization the discussion will include the Renaissance movement
Reformation, Industrial Revolution and the development of the nation state.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Barker, E. 1960. Greek Political Theory. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
Davies, M. Europe. 1997. Europe. London: Pimlico.
Harrison, J. B. 1985. A Short History of Western Civilization. New York: Alferd Knopf.
Palmer, R. R. and Colton J. A. 1978. History of the Modern World. New York: Alferd Knopf.
Zulkanain Abdul Rahman. 2002. Tamadun Eropah Klasik. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2125

40%
60%

THEORY AND METHOD OF HISTORY

LEARNING OUTCOME
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.

Explain the meaning of history in depth


336

2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the importance of history.


Explain the theory and method of history more critically.
Correlate history with other discipline of knowledge.
Explain various influences and thoughts on historical concept.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will focus on several aspects of theory and methodology of history such as the meaning of
history and its importance, several questions arise from historian and historical facts, reasons and
periodization, evaluation, interest, objectives, source of oral history etc. Students will be exposed to
various influences and schools of thought from traditional to modern period that have impacted on
research, writing and historical concept. Technical aspects in writing will also be discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Carr, E. H. 1965. What is History?. Middlesex: Penguin Books.


Southgate, B. 1996. History: What and Why: Ancient, Modern and Postmodern Perspectives. London:
Routledge.
Elton, G. R. 1987. The Practice of History. Fontana: London
Tosh, J. 1995. The Pursuit of History: Aims, Methods and New Directions in the Study of Modern History.
London: Longman.
Green, A. and Kathleen Troup. 1999. The Houses of History: A Critical Reader in Twentieth Century
History and Theory. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2302

40%
60%

MALAY CULTURE AND SOCIETY FROM 1ST TO 15TH CENTURY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Elucidate the origin of the Malays.


Identify the basic nature that contributing to the strengthening of Malay culture.
Explain the development of Malay culture and its dynamic nature.
Prove that Malay culture is comparable to other world cultures
Examine the strength of Malay culture and defend it in the present globalization era.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course begins with an introduction to the concept and definition of the Malays. Students will be
familiarized with the development of Malay culture from the chronological aspect with regards to local
and foreign influence such as nature, Hinduism-Buddhism and Islam. The essence of the course also
covers political and administration aspects such as the history and development of Malay Sultanate,
institutions and the making of kingship and various regional affairs. In addition, the discussion also
encompasses culture and belief systems which will include the influence of Islam and local tradition, statecraft, law, intellectual and literature traditions. Finally, the discussion will also be given to regional socio
economic situation namely the influence of traditional elements in maritime activities, commercial
structures and diplomatic relations with foreign and regional powers.

337

MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.

Aziz Deraman. 2001. Masyarakat dan Kebudayaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.
Bastin, J. & Roolvinks, R. 1966. Malaysia: Selected Historical Readings, London: Oxford University
Press.
Heine-Gledern, R. 1963. Conceptions of State and Kingship in Southeast Asia, New York: Cornell.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2303

40%
60%

POLITICS, TRADE AND DIPLOMACY IN THE MALAY STATES 1700-1800

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Define the political, commercial and diplomatic concepts existed in the 18th century.
Identify the main political elements, trading and diplomacy in the Malay States.
Explain the nature of politic, trade and diplomacy which existed in the Malay States in 18th century.
Elucidate the development of politic, trade and diplomacy in the Malay States.
Compare the steps taken by the Dutch and British to control trading activities in the Malay States.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will discuss political upheavals in Johor after the death of Sultan Mahmud 1699, the rise of
the Bugis and the formation of the new government, economic activities in the Malay States and the
relations between the Malay States and foreign powers.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Andaya, Barbara Watson & Andaya, L. Y. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Houndmills: Palgrave Publishers
Ltd.
Andaya, L. Y. 1987. Kerajaan Johor 1641-1728: Pembangunan Ekonomi dan Politik. Kuala Lumpur:
Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Bonney, R. 1971. Kedah 1771-1821: The Search for Security and Independence. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford
University Press.
Lewis, Dianne, 1995. Jan Compagnie in the Straits of Malacca 1641-1795. Athens: Ohio University Center
for International Studies.
Matheson, V. (editor) 1982. Tuhfat al-Nafis. Petaling Jaya: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2304

40%
60%

THE RESISTANCE AND PROTEST MOVEMENT IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.

Define the resistance movement against the colonial rule in Malaysia


338

2.
3.
4.

Explain the development of peoples struggle against colonial rule in Malaysia.


Provide an overview of the peoples struggle to uphold their honour and freedom.
Identify the resistance and protest movement in Malaysia.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course discusses the resistance and protest movement that arise against the Portugese, the Dutch,
the Thai and the British in Malaysia. Apart from discussing factors that led to the protest movements,
focus will also be given to the development of protest movement. Resistance movements: against the
Dutch and the British, against the Siamese in Kedah, against the British in Kedah, Naning, Perk, Negeri
Sembilan, Pahang, Kelantan, Terengganu, Sarawak and Sabah, will also be discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Abdullah Zakaria bin Ghazali. 2003. Agama, Politik dan Protes di Tanah Melayu. Malaysia Dari Segi
Sejarah. Bilangan 23,.
Andaya, Barbara Watson & Andaya, L. Y. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Houndmills: Palgrave Publishers
Ltd.
Matheson, V. (editor). 1982. Tuhfaf al-Nafis. Petaling Jaya: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.
Parkinson, V. 1980. British Intervention in Malaya, 1867-1877. Singapore: University of Malaya Press.
Ranjit Singh, D. S. 2000. The Making of Sabah 1865-1941: The Dyanamics of Indigenous Society. Kuala
Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2306

40%
60%

ISLAM AND SOCIETY IN MALAYSIA, 1400-2008

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able
1.
2.
3.

Elucidate the role played by the Middle East on the development of the Malay religious, social and
political thought before World War II.
Explain the role played by Islam facing the contemporary challenges.
Correlate the re-awakening of Islam and its role in the development of religious, political and
economics of the Malay society since 1970s.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


The process that brought about the Islamization of the Malays will be the main focus of the discussion as
the introduction of this course. The theme of the discussion comprises the various theories on the
Islamization, the impact of Islamization and the challenges faced following the Western colonization.
The impact of Islamization with regard to the role played by the influence from the Middle East will be
elaborated in particular that influenced on the religious and political thought of the Malay society.
Specifically, it will touch on the influence of Turkey, Hijaz and Egypt in dispersing the early political ideas
and formation of early political thought in Malay society before WW2. After WW2 the discussion will
focus on the struggle to achieve independent with issues related to Islam. The revival of Islam in the
1970s and its impacts on religious, social, economic and politics of the Malay society will be discussed as
an important element on development of contemporary Malaysia.

339

MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naguib. 1999. Islam Dalam Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur:
Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia.
Mohamad Abu Bakar. 1988. Penghayatan Sebuah Ideal. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Mohammad Redzuan Othman. 2005. Islam dan Masyarakat Melayu: Peranan dan Pengaruh Timur
Tengah. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Universiti Malaya.
Mohd. Izani Mohd Zain. 2005. Islam dan Demokrasi. Cabaran Politik Muslim Kontemporari Di Malaysia.
Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Universiti Malaya.
Nabir Haji Abdullah. 1970. Maahad II Ihya Assyaiff Gunong Semanggol. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2308

40%
60%

THE HISTORY OF POLITICS AND COMMERCE IN EARLY SOUTHEAST ASIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Explain comprehensively the early history of Southeast Asia before the coming of Western powers.
Discuss important themes on economic and politics of the early kingdom of SEA before 1900.
Correlate past experience and current situation.
Analyse attempts made by western colonial powers to monopolize trade in South East Asia.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will explore the trade and political development of Southeast Asia between 1500 and 1900.
Among themes that are analyzed are political systems applied by the local kingdoms and economic
growth and economic system which ware introduced by the colonial power into the region. Besides,
trading system which were applied by the local society and other foreign traders are also analysed in this
course. Finally it also discusses attempts made by Western colonial powers to monopolize the local trade
in their competition with other colonial powers.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Bastin, J and Roolvink, R. (peny). 1964. Malayan and Indonesian Studies. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.
Meilink-Roelofsz, M. A. P. 1962. Asia Trade and European Influence in the Indonesian Archipelago
between 1500 and about 1630. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Glamann, K. 1954. Dutch-Asiatic Trade 1620-1740. Conpenhagen: Danish science Press.
Boxer, C. R. 1989. The Dutch Seaborne Empire, 1600-1800. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Boxer, C. R. 1969.The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825. Berkeley: University of California Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%

340

AEEA2309

HISTORY OF SOUTH ASIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.

Explain the development of South Asian History especially during colonial period and post
independent period.
Identify the policies of western powers (British) and its impacto n the South Asian Region
Describe the political, economic and social in South Asia. development Compare the methods used
by the Indian community in achieving independent

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will focus on several historical aspects comprise of politics economics, social, security, and
defence in Indian sub-continent namely Pakistan, India, Bangladesh today. Relevance Issues related to
historical process including administration, the formation of government, election and so on are also
discussed. In social aspects, the discussion will be given to the relation between the Hindus and the
Muslims because it is the core element in the formation of Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. In economy,
issues on trading, forestry and agriculture will be the main focus.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Wolpert, S. 1982. A New History of India. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stein, B. 1998. A History of India. London: Blackwell.
Azharudin Mohamed Dali. 2002. Tamadun India. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Seal, A. 1987. Kemunculan Nasionalisme India (terj.). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Tomlinson, B. R. 1993. The Economic of Modern India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2310

40%
60%

THE STUDY OF ARCHAEOLOGY I

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Define important concepts in the study of archaeology.


Explain the excavation method in archeology.
Elucidate the development of Southeast Asian archaeology.
Correlate archaeological findings with other field studies.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will expose students to archaeological studies which encompassing its multi approaches and
disciplines. Students will further be exposed to the importance of archaeological study as one of the
core methods for the study of history and cultures through the study of artifacts, ecofacts and fiturs.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Fagan, Brian. M. 1991. In the beginning an introduction to archaeology, New York: Lindbriar Co.
2. Haviland, William. 1988. A., Antropologi, Erlangga.
3. Daniel, Glyn.1967. The Origin and growth of Archaeology, UK: Nicholas & Co.
4. Bartstra, Gert-Jan. 1988/87. Modern Quarternary research in Southeast Asia, Vol. 10.
341

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2311

40%
60%

NATIONALISM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the different ideas on the concept of nationalism.


Compare the aspirations of the different people in Southeast Asia through the context of ancient
order and new order.
Analyze trends and patterns of the development of nationalism in Southeast Asia from late 19th
century to the 20th century.
Conclude the various form of nationalist struggle in Southeast Asia.
Explain various dynamics in nationalism including religion, Communism, the Japanese occupation
and world affairs.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Nationalism is a new phenomenon in Southeast Asia. Unknown during the age of the absolute
monarchy, the idea emerged with the advent of colonisation process, mainly in the form of anticolonialism. This course will examine the origins of nationalism in Southeast Asia and its relation with
issues such as ancient order, colonial powers, contesting ideas and the end of colonialism.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.

Suntharaligam, R. Abdul Rahman Haji Ismail. 1985. Nasionalisme: Satu Tinjauan Sejarah. Kuala
Lumpur: Penerbit Fakar Bakti.
Pluvier, Han. 1974. Southeast Asia From Colonialism to Independence. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford
University Press.
Tarling, Nicholas, (ed). 1992. Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, Vol. II. London: Cambridge
University Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2318

40%
60%

HISTORY OF MODERN CHINA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Analyse Chinese responses against internal and external challenges in China.


Elucidate challenges faced by Chinese leaders to overcome China weaknesess in 19th and 20th
century
Explain the situation in China after the 1911 Revolution.
Describe social changes in China.
Asses the role of the Communist in developing China in 1949-1975

342

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course discusses on the impact of the coming of the Western powers and the weakness of the
Ching Dinasty in the 19th century. These are two factors which had left important effect on China until
today. The effect is not only confine to the introduction of Western technology but also Western
ideology which brought about both positive and negative responses amongst Chinese people. These
effects also resulted in the internal dissensions in China. In short, the social and political scenario in China
was coloured by diverse political movements namely nationalism, communisme, anarchism, socialism
and traditionalism.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Hsu, Immanuel C. Y. 1999. The Rise of Modern China. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wilbur, C. Martin. 1983. The Nationalist Revolution in China, 1923-28. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
Wong, J. W. 1998. Deadly Dreams: Opium and the Arrow War (1856-1860) in China. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Waldron, Arthur. 1995. From War to Nationalism: Chinas Turning Point 1924-1925. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Lanxin Xiang. 2003. The Origins of the Boxer War. New York: Routledge Curzon.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2321

40%
60%

HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the different types of education system in Malaysia from colonial period until after
independence.
Clarify the government effort to correlate the national education system in Malaysia.
Explain the changes of teaching and learning method in the education system.
Correlate the education policy with the importance of moulding a harmonious and united society.
Analyse the factors and source of education system that led to sensitive political issues.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


The contents of this course explain the types of educational system in Malaysia from the colonial period
until the period of shaping up the national education system. Students also will be exposed to the
problems of education system faced by the British due to the influence of laissez faire and how the
British overcome it. The period after the World War 2, witness how the development of education had
been focussed towards strengthening the ethnic unity.
MAIN REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.

Sufean Hussin. 2004. Pendidikan di Malaysia: Sejarah, Sistem dan Falsafah. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Stevenson, Rex. 1975. Cultivators and Administrators: British Educational Policy Towards the Malays
1875-1906. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
Loh Fook Seng, Philip. 1975. Seeds of Separatism: Educational Policy in Malaya. 1874-1940. Kuala
Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

343

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2324

40%
60%

INTRODUCTION HISTORY OF ARTS IN CLASSICAL AGE MALAYSIA AND


INDONESIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Recognize the basic knowledge of temple in Malaysia and Indonesia


Explain the basic knowledge of archaeology in classical age
Explain the basic knowledge of iconography
Compare the archaeology of Malaysia and Indonesia.
Analyze the role and concept of arts during classical age.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course exposes students to the meaning of iconography, process of Indianization, in Malaysia and
Indonesia and criteria of Classical Age. Focus will also be given to the study of Temple in Lembah Bujang,
Sumatera and Jawa. Lastly the description of the concept of local genius, analogy of arch arts and
temple in Malaysia dan Indonesia will also be discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Edi sedyawati Hadimulyo. 1977. Pemerincian unsur dalam analisis seni arca dalam Pertemuan
Ilmiah Arkeologi. Jakarta: PPPP.
Mohd Supian b. Sabtu. 2002. Tamadun Awal Lembah Bujang, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.
H.G. Quaritch Wales. 1940. Archaeological on Indian ancient colonization in Malaya JMBRAS, Vol.
XVlll.
George Coedes and Louis-Charles Darmais. 1992. Sriwijaya, History, Religion dan Language or Early
Malay Polity, Monograf No. 20, JMBRAS.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2328

40%
60%

POLITICAL HISTORY AND ADMINISTRATION OF SABAH AND SARAWAK


1841-1946

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1 . Define the relations between Sabah and Sarawak with Brunei and Britain.
2. Explain the political, social and economic traditional systems in Sabah and Sarawak.
3. Recognize efforts made by the British North Borneo Chartered Company and Brooke Dynasty in
building up Sabah and Sarawak.
4. Describe problems faced by the British North Borneo Chartered Company and Rajah Brookes
administration in Sarawak.
5. Identify changes in the local society in Sabah and Sarawak in 1841-1946.
344

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course focuses on the birth of Sabah and Sarawak as the new states in Borneo in 19th and early 20th
centuries. The establishment of the state administrative system created by Brooke dynasty and the
British North Borneo Company and the policies carried out are also discussed in this course. In terms of
the local people, the process of collaboration and resistance, and changes will also be elaborated.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Black, I.D. 1983. A Gambling Style of Government: The Establishment of Chartered Company Rule in
Sabah, 1878-1915. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
2. Ranjit Singh, D.S. 2000. The Making of Sabah 1865-1941: The Dynamics of Indigeous Society. Kuala
Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.
3. Reece, R.H.W. 1982. The Name of Brooke: The End of White Rajah Rule in Sarawak. Kuala Lumpur:
Oxford University Press.
4. Runciman, Steven. 1960. The White Rajahs: A History of Sarawak From 1841 to 1946. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
5. Walker, J.H. 2002. Power and Prowess: The Origins of Brooke Kingship in Sarawak. Australia: Allen &
Unwin.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2330

40%
60%

HISTORY OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC EXPANSION, 1500-1914

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain factors which led to the expansion of European powers.


Ascertain the difference between the old and the new colonial systems.
th
Correlate economic changes in Western Europe in the 15 century with the old and new imperialism
systems.
Make a comparison between the old and new imperialisms.
Elucidate factors that prompted the British to venture to the East in the 19th century.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course traces factors, which led to the economic expansion of Europe; the origins of mercantilism
system in Western Europe; the development of Industrial Revolution; the impact of Industrial Revolution
on the expansion of European powers; the origins of new imperialism and its effect to the outside world
until the First World War.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Barringotn, Brook (ed.). 1997. Empires, Imperialism and Southeast Asia, Essays in Honour of Nicholas
Tarling. Clayton: Monash Asia Institute.
2. Copland, I. 1986. Europes Great Game Imperialsm in Asia 1. London: Oxford University Press.
3. Field house, D. K. 1973. Economics and Empire, 1830-1914. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%
345

AEEA2331

HISTORY OF PLURAL SOCIETY IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Describe the development of plural society in Malaysia.


Identify factors that contributed to ethnic tension in plural society.
Explain the problems faced by the plural society as in Malaysia.
Conclude the importance of maintaining harmony in Malaysian society.
Interpret efforts undertaken by the government to ease ethnic tension.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course discusses the formation and development of plural society in Malaysia since 1800 until 1969.
The emergence of plural society are closely related to the expansion of colonial power and the
development of colonial economy. The development of plural society in Malaysia can be divided into
four phases i.e 1800 to 1941, 1941-1945, 1946 to 1963 and 1963 hingga 1969. Problem faced by the society
in Malaysia and government efforts to create cooperation between ethnics will also be discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Andaya, Barbara Watson and Leonard Y. Andaya. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Second Edition.
Hampshire: Palgrave.
2. Ho Hui Ling. 2004. Darurat 1948-1960: Keadaan Sosial di Tanah Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit
Universiti Malaya.
3. Kratoska, Paul H. 1998. The Japanese Occupation of Malaya 1941 -1945. St. Leonards: Allen & Unwin.
4. Kua Kia Soong. 2007. May 13: Declassified Documents on the Malaysian Riots of 1969. Petaling Jaya:
SUARAM KOMUNIKASI.
5. Ongkili, James P. 1985. Nation-building in Malaysia 1946-1974. Singapore: Oxford University Press.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%

AEEA2332 WOMEN IN MALAYSIAN HISTORY


LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the role of women in the nationalist movement.


Describe the development of women in the history of Malaysia.
Identify female leading figures in various aspects of national development.
Exhibit the importance of women in the development of Malaysia.
Elucidate the contributions of women in the development of the country's history.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course emphasizes the development of woman movements in Malaysia. Students will be exposed
to the historical development of womans roles in traditional Malay society and their participation in the
literature, economic and social until the independence of Malaya. In addition, the discussion will also be
made on the effect of the role of Chinese and Indian women before World War 2 and the status of
women in political, economic and social development after independence.

346

MAIN REFERENCE
1. Campbell, Persia Crawford. 1971. Chinese Coolie Emigration to Countries within the British Empire,
London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
2. Dancz, Virginia H. 1987. Women and Party Politics in Peninsular Malaysia, East Asian Social Science
Monograph, London: Oxford University Press.
3. Khadijah Sidek, Memoir Seorang Puteri Kesyatria, Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
4. Rajeswary Ampalavanar. 1977. Politics in the Indian Community in West Malaysia and Singapore 19451957, Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
5. Shellabear, W.G., 1977. Sejarah Melayu, Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2333

40%
60%

HISTORY OF BRITISH ADMINISTRATION IN MALAYSIA, 1874-1941

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the development of British control in the administration of the states in Malaysia.
Explain the changes introduced by the British administration and its impact on local communities.
Explain the foundation of public administration system in Malaysia.
Compare the features of British administration system in the Malay Peninsula with Sabah and
Sarawak.
Examine the role of prominent figures in the history of British domination in Malaya.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will discuss the development of British control before the year 1874. Further discussion will
be focused on the British administration in the era of the Resident system and in the era of British
administration in the Federated Malay States. Focus will also be given to the strengthening of the central
government and decentralizations issues in the 1920s and 1930s. In comparison, this course also analyse
the British administration system in the Unfederated Malay States, Brooke administration in Sarawak
and Chartered Company administration in Sabah.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Emerson, R. 1964. Malaysia: A Study in Direct and Indirect Rule. Cetakan Semula, Kuala Lumpur:
University of Malaya Press.
2. Sadka, E. 1968. The Protected Malay States, 1874-1895, Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.
3. Sidhu, J.S. 1980. Administration in the Federated Malay States 1896-1920. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford
University Press
4. Gullick J.M. 1992. Rulers and Residents Influence and Power in the Malay States 1870-1920. Singapore:
Oxford University Press.
5. Yeo Kim Wah, 1982. The Politics of Decentralization: Colonial Controversy in Malaya 1920-1929. Kuala
Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%

347

AEEA2337

THE EARLY HISTORY OF UNITED STATES, 1400-1877

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the historical birth of a nation in United States.


Identify the leading figures, ideas and important events in the early history of the United States.
Describe the key themes: freedom, diversity and immigration in discussing the importance of
experience during this period to date.
Identify the historical factors that shape American society.
Critically evaluate primary and secondary sources on the early history of the United States.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will describe and analyze the significant events that occurred since the era of exploration
until the formation of an American revolutionary society. Important events which will be reviewed,
including the revolution the United States, and continental economic expansion, slavery, secession
movements, Civil War and Reconstruction period.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Shakila Yacob. 2005. Amerika Syarikat: Pembentukan Negara Bangsa. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa
Pustaka.
Goldfield, David, Carl Abott (dll). 2002. The American Journey: A History of the United States. New
Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Barney, William L. (peny.). 2001. A Companion to 19th Century America. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Woods, Randall B. dan Willard B. Gatewood. 2000. The American Experience: A Concise History,
Volume 1: To 1877. Florida: Harcourt College Publishers.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA2339

40%
60%

ISLAMIC HISTORIOGRAPHY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Describe the development of Islamic historiography.


Identify patterns and forms of Islamic historical thought through the writings by selected authors.
Explain the concept of philosophy and theory of Islamic history
Correlate the influence of Islamic historical thought on Malay historians in the region.
Compare the concept of history between Islam and the west from classical to modern period.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course emphasizes on the development of historiography, thought, idea and philosophy of history
that has evolved in the Muslim world. The development of these ideas will be seen on the history of
ideas brought about by some selected leaders of the Muslim world. Through the work of several
historical figures, then their ideas of history and thoughts would be accordinglyand critically explained.
In addition, the influence of Islamic thought on the Malay community will also be discussed.

348

MAIN REFERENCE
1. Azyumardi Azra. 2002. Historiografi Islam Kontemporari: Wacana. Actualitas dan Actor Sejarah.
Jakarta: Gramedia.
2. Bruce, B. Lawrence. 2005. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. New Jersey: Princeton
University Press.
3. Faruqi, Nisar Ahmad. 1979. Early Muslim Historiography. Delhi: Idarah-I Adabiyat.
4. Misri, A. Muchsin M.A. 2002. Filsafat Sejarah Dalam Islam. Jogjakarta: Ar-Ruzz Press.
5. Toto Suharto. 2003. Epistemologi Sejarah Kritis Ibnu Khaldun. Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka Baru.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3180

40%
60%

GRADUATION PROJECT I

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Define the types of documents, especially in academic writing training.


Explain the importance of the document as a source of national history.
Compare the results from the source documents that were studied.
Interpret the history based on the findings of gathered from primary documents.
Interpret the document and discuss brilliantly in the Academic Exercise

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Graduation Project is a comprehensive learning process in history, involving research and writing. It
covers the process of selecting a topic, the exploration of primary sources and other sources as well as
academic writing. Candidates will receive supervision from lecturers.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Barzun, J. & Graff, H.F. 1977. The Modern Researcher, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
2. Gottschalk, L. 1963. Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method, New York: University of
Chicago.
3. Muhammad Yusoff Hashim. 1992. Pensejarahan Melayu: Kajian Tentang Tradisi Sejarah Melayu
Nusantara. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
4. Muhd Yusof Ibrahim. 1997. Ilmu Sejarah: Falsafah, Pengertian dan Kaedah. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Final Examination

AEEA3180

100%

GRADUATION PROJECT II

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.

Identify the contents of document related to Graduate Project.


Interpret the materials to be included in the Graduate Project.
349

3.
4.
5.
6.

Relate sources with chapters in Graduate Project.


Analyze the materials and content of the Graduate Project.
Analyse sources and content in the Graduate Project.
Write chapters in the Graduate Project.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Graduation Project is a comprehensive learning process in history, involving research and writing. It
covers the process of selecting a topic, the exploration of primary sources and other sources as well as
academic writing. Candidates will receive supervision from lecturers.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Tosh, John. 2000. The Pursuit of History. London: Longman.
2. Barzun, J. & Graff, H.F. 1977. The Modern Researcher, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
3. Gottschalk, L. 1963. Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method, New York: University of
Chicago.
4. Muhammad Yusoff Hashim. 1992. Pensejarahan Melayu: Kajian Tentang Tradisi Sejarah Melayu
Nusantara. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
5. Muhd Yusof Ibrahim. 1997. Ilmu Sejarah: Falsafah, Pengertian dan Kaedah. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Final Examination

AEEA3302

100%

NATIONALISM IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Define the meaning of the concept of nationalism in depth.


Identify the role and influence of Islah and semi-political organisations on the growth of nationalism.
Explain the emergence of nationalist movements in Malaysia.
Elucidate the impact of the Japanese occupation on nationalism.
Analyse the role of the nationalist movements.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will investigate the emergence of nationalist movements in the country. The early part of this
course will examine the nature and pattern of nationalism that exists in Europe and this will be followed
by a study of nationalism movement that exists in this country. Among the themes to be studied are the
appearance of the Islah movement, socio-economic movement, political and semi-poltical associations in
the country early. Then this study will investigate the existence of several major nationalist movements
after World War II and analyze the role and influence of these movements in the process of
decolonization.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Elie Kedourie, Nationalism (1966), London: Hutchinson University Library.


Hans Kohn, The Age of Nationalism (1962), New Pork: Harper.
William Roff, The Origins of Malay Nationalism (1967), New Haven: Yale University Press.
Anthony Smith, Theories of Nationalism (1983), London: Duckworth.
Mohamed Nordin Sopiee, From Malayan Union to Singapore Separation (1974), Kuala Lumpur:
University of Malaya.
350

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3303

40%
60%

MALAY HISTORIOGRAPHY IN MALAYSIA AND NUSANTARA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify sources of indigenous history, written by local people.


Explain the advantages and historical facts contained in indigenous writings.
Interpret the materials in Malay historiography.
Analyze documents or historical sources.
Compare the sources available in order to obtain more accurate historical facts.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will expose students to the oral tradition covering its development in the society, its
influence on the thinking and the `speaking of various Malay ethnics, as well as its influence in terms of
historical and non historical aspects. Hence the emphasis be on the written tradition includes the
inscription, cultural artifacts and old Malay characters, foreign characters of the Malay world and its
impact in the historical Malay writing. Students will also be described on the method of historical
writings, the influence of oral tradition and early historical writings, their patterns, and development.
Subsequently the students will be exposed to the historical texts and manuscripts and methods in texts
analyzing, giving the perception and understanding their importance in the writing of the history of
Malaysia and Nusantara.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Collingwood. R.G.1963. The Idea of History. London.
2. Cowan, C.D. dan Wolters, O.W., (eds.). 1976. Southeast Asian History and Historiography. LondonIthaca.
3. Muhamad Yusoff Hashim. 1992. Pensejarahan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3304

40%
60%

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN MALAYSIA, POST-1957

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the concept of Federalism and how it works in Malaysia.


Understand the system of parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy practised in
Malaysia.
Describe the development of party politics and the political process.
Describe the history of the four administrations that have ruled the country since independence in
1957.
Analyse the role and influence of political parties in the national political system.

351

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This Course will introduce students to the system of parliamentary democracy and constitutional
monarchy in Malaysia. The course will also include discussions on the system of federalism and the
development of political parties in Malaysia. In addition the course will cover the history of the first four
administrations after 1957, the role of women in politics and some aspects of foreign policy
MAIN REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.
4.

Gordon Means. 1976. Malaysian Politics. London: Hodder and Stoughton.


Gordon Means. 1991. Malaysian Politics: The Second Generation. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University
Press.
R.S. Milne and D.K. Mauzy. 1978. Politics and Government in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Federal
Publications.
R.S. Milne and D.K. Mauzy. 1999. Malaysian Politics under Mahathir. London: Routledge

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3305

40%
60%

DOCUMENTATION AND HISTORICAL SOURCES IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the type of selected documents in the writing of Malaysian history.


Explain the importance of documents as sources for the writing of national history.
Provide historical intrepetations based on the findings from the primary source evaluated.
Compare the primary and secondary sources in collecting a a more accurate historical facts
Analyze documents and discuss them comprehensively.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


The course begins with the exposure to students regarding categories of historical sources, location of
shelves, and the importante of primary documents as historical sources. Students will be explained on
the position of documents as historical primary sources, collection of Malay series and its problema.
Collection and identifying the formal Malay, Potugese, the Dutch, the British and other sources.
Introducing documents which exist in the forms of memoir, personal letters, and other types of primary
sources and its usage. Students will also be exposed to the documents analyzing methodology and its
role as political, economic and social sources.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Andaya, Barbara Watson & Andaya, L.Y. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Houndmills: Palgrave
Publishers Ltd.
Barzun, J. & Graff, H. F. 1977. The Modern Researcher. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Gottschalk, L. 1963. Understanding History: A Primer of Historical Method. New York: University of
Chicago.
Muhammad Yusoff Hashim. 1992. Pensejarahan Melayu: Kajian Tentang Tradisi Sejarah Melayu
Nusantara. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Muhd Yusof Ibrahim. 1997. Ilmu Sejarah: Falsafah, Pengertian dan Kaedah. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.

352

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3306

40%
60%

SOCIAL CHANGE IN MALAYSIA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the major themes in social history that influence the development of the society.
Explain the characteristics of the social changes experienced by the local society.
Explain the present social elements and their relations to the historical elements since in the early
20th century.
Correlate the information in social history with the political and the economic history.
Analyse the factors which contribute towards the social changes.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


In the introduction, this course will discuss the condition of the Malaysian society before the era of the
colonial administration. After that, further discussion will be given on the pattern of the new
settlements, the emergence of the new towns and its impact on the traditional settlements. The
discussion will also emphasize the development of infrastructure before and during the colonial
administration. Among other topics that will be discussed are welfare policy towards living society, the
changes in the life condition of the society in the 1920s and 1930s, the emergence of modern technology
in motor vehicles, printing and food production.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.

Andaya, L.Y. 1983. Sejarah Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: MacMillan.


Arasaratnam, S. 1979. Indians in Malaysia and Singapore. Kuala Lumpur: OUP.
Cowan, C.D. 1961. Nineteenth Century Malaya, The Origin of British Political Control. Kuala Lumpur:
OUP.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3316

40%
60%

HISTORY OF INDOCHINA, 1883-1986

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the history of the Indochina since the era of French colonialism to 1986.
Explain the processes of realising the aspirations of the nationalists in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos .
Link the historical processes in Indochina in the context of Southeast Asian History.
Differentiate the nation-state building processes in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
Analyse the response of the Indochinese people towards French Colonialism.

353

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Indochina is a region that has just emerged from conflicts that had plagued it since the beginning of the
colonialisation process. In their efforts to catch up with modernization and development, there are
dynamic historical factors which have helped Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia to shape their behaviour. It is
the aim of this course to revisit these historical factors by looking at the different phases of the historical
development of this region throughout 1883-1986.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.

Marr, David. 1971. Vietnamese Anti-Colonialism, 1885-1925. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Duiker, William J. 1976.The Rise of Nationalism in Vietnam, 1900-1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Smith, Ralph. 1983. An International History of the Vietnam War, Vol. 1 & 2. New York: St. Martin Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3318

40%
60%

POLTICAL HISTORY OF THAILAND, 1932-1992

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Evaluate impact of political development in Thailand after the 1932 Revolution.


Identify the importance of Monarchy Institution in Thai political system.
Analyze factors that resulted in series of coup dtat and its impact on democratization of Thai
politics
Explain the role of military, civil bureaucrat and political parties in the development of Thai politics.
Describe the traits of historical continuation in the development of Thai political cultures.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course analyse the development of Thai politics since the beginning of Thai Revolution 1932 until
May Crisis 1992 according to themes. Amongst the themes discussed include the development of
Monarchical Institution and its role before and after the Thai Revolution 1932. the role of military and
civil birocrate and political parties in the development of Thai politics. Besides, the formation of Thai
political cultures and how does it influence the political path in Thailand in that period will also be
discussed. Concentration will be on series of Coup Dtat and the development od election in Thailand
since 1932-1992.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Michael Kelly Connors. 2003. Democracy and national identity in Thailand. London: Routledge Curzon.
Kevin Hewison (ed.). 1997. Political Change in Thailand: democracy and participation. Routledge:
London.
Likhit Dhiravegin. 1992. Demi democracy: the evolution of the Thai political system. Singapore: Times
Academic Press
Somsakdi Xuto (ed.). 1992. Government and Politics of Thailand. Singapore: Oxford University Press
Thawatt Mokarapong. 1972. History of the Thai Revolution. Bangkok: Chalermint.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%
354

AEEA3320

JAPAN MODERN HISTORY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Describe the emergency of Japan as modern nation.


Explain the role of Meiji restoration in moderation of the Japanese nation.
Analyze the role of army in the Japanese politic and foreign policy.
Identify the changing of politic, economic and social in Japan.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


The course discusses about the emergence of Japan modern history from the fall of Tok ugawa Shogun
ate and reaction towards the intrusion of western civilization. Research are also made on Meiji
Restoration 1868-1912 from political, economic and social aspects. The course will also examine the rise
of militarism in Japan and its impact on modern Japanese history and civilization. Study are also
focussing on reasons of Japan involvement in the WW2. Finally discussion on the post ww2 and Japans
foreign policy
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Ganley. Albert C. 1989. Japan: Short History. Wayside Publishing.


Hall, John Whitney. 1970. Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times. New York: Dell Publishing.
Hane, Mikiso. 1986. Modern Japan a Historical Survey. Boulder and London: Westview Press.
M.Rajendran. 1988. Sejarah Jepun. Kuala Lumpur: Arenabuku Sdn. Bhd.
Beasley, W. G. 1995. The Rise of Modern Japan. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3321

40%
60%

ARCHAELOGY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA SINCE THE EARLY HISTORY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the Southeast Asias situation in the early history.


Identify the exist of the archaeology sites in early era of Southeast Asia.
Elaborate the foreign influence on the early period of the Southeast Asia.
Explain the high cultural role and Southeast Asia civilization.
Explain the role of artefact in the context of the geo-cultural and geo-politic.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Student will be exposed to the development of high cultures in Southeast Asia. Since 1,000 BC until
1,000C. The discussion will also be given on early trading activities and impact their on diffusion of ideas
between Southeast Asia region and outside world.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Peacock, B.A.V. 1965. The drum at Kampung Sungai Lang MIH, 10 (1).
Miksic, John., (ed.). 1996. Ancient history, Singapore: Archipelago Press.
Poebatjaraka. 1982. Riwayat Indonesia 1, Jakarta: YPJ.
Smith, R.B and Watson.1979. W., Early South East Asia, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
355

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3322

40%
60%

HISTORY IF INDONESIA, 1900-1965

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the important themes in Indonesian history.


Explain the development of the Indonesian politic history between 1900-1965.
Elaborate the emergence of Indonesian nationalism.
Analyse the liberal democratic and guided policy in Indonesian political parties.
Elucidate the events happened between 1900-1965 in Indonesia.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will focus on the historical development of Indonesia from 1900 to 1965. Among main
themes analyzed are policies of the Dutch Colonial power which include cultivation and ethical policies,
the birth of nationalism, the emergence of political parties, social and religious organizations. It also
discusses the strengthening of Indonesian nationalism during Japanese Occupation. Futher discussion
will also be made on the declaration of Indonesian independence, and the era of revolution and
diplomacy upon the returning of Dutch colonial power to Indonesia. Finally, it also discusses Indonesia
post independent under the liberal and guided democracies which was under the three strong groups;
Muslim nationalist, Secular nationalist and Communists until the embarkation of Confrontation policy
with Malaysia.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Ricklefs, M. C. 2001. A History of Modern Indonesia since 1200, 3rd. Houndmills: Palgrave
Kahin, George McTurnan. 1966. Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell
University Press.
Muniandy, Kunaseelan. 1996. Hubungan Malaysia-Indonesia, 1957-1970. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa
dan Pustaka.
Marwati Djoened Poesponegoro, Nugroho Notosusanto. 1984. Sejarah Nasional Indonesia, Vol.VI.
Jakarta: PN Balai Pustaka.
Benda, Harry, J. 1958. The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesia Islam under the Japanese Occupation,
1942-1945. The Hague & Bandung: W. Van Hoeve.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3324

40%
60%

JAPAN EARLY HISTORY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.

Explain the emergence of Syogunate era.


Explain briefly the early Japanese History.

356

3.
4.

Elaborate Japanese political history before Syogunate era.


Analyze the impact of western power over Japan.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


The course examines the early development of Japanese history since 600BC until the fall of Tokugawa
Shogunate in 1867. The focus will also be given to the impact of culture, political, economical and social
aspects on the development of Japanese History. Further discussion will also be given to the impact of
Chinese and Western civilizations on Japan. The in addition, the introduction of western learning and its
relation to the early modernization experience in Japan and its later impact will also be discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Hall, John Whitney. 1970. Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times. New York: Dell Publishing.
Hane, Mikiso. 1986. Modern Japan a Historical Survey. Boulder and London: Westview Press.
Jansen, Marius B. 1961. Sakamoto Ryoma and the Meiji Restoration. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton
University Press.
M. Rajendran. 1988. Sejarah Jepun. Kuala Lumpur: Arenabuku Sdn. Bhd.
W.G. Beasley. 1995. The Rise of Modern Japan. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3325

40%
60%

A STUDY OF MALAYSIAN POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Explaining the struggle against the British in Malaysia.


Explaining the development of struggle by the political figures for independent.
Conclude the struggle for independent and honour.
Analyzing the role and constribution of the political figures.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will discuss the development of Malaysian politic from 1900 until 1957 as a background
before discussing on several political figures such as Ibrahim Haji Yaacob, Burhanuddin al-Helmi, Ahmad
Boestamam, Tan Cheng Lock, E.E.C. Thuraisingam, Dato Onn andTunku Abdul Rahman. Issues related to
the political figures including their role and contribution in Malayan politics until independent
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Ahmad Boestamam. 2004. Memoir Ahmad Boestamam: Merdeka dengan Darah dan Api. Bangi:
Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Andaya, Barbara Watson & Andaya, L. Y. 2001. A History of Malaysia. Houndmills: Palgrave Publishers
Ltd.
Ariffin Omar. 1993. Bangsa Melayu: Malay Concepts of Democracy and Community 1945-1950. Kuala
Lumpur: Oxford University Press.
Mohd. Ashraf Ibrahim. 2004. Gagasan Bangsa Malayan yang Bersatu 1945-57. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti
Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Ramlah Adam. 1992. Dato Onn Jaafar Pengasas Kemerdekaan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.

357

6.

Ramlah Adam. 2004. Biografi Politik Tunku Abdul Rahman. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3330

40%
60%

SEPARATIST MOVEMENT IN CHINA DURING THE 19 TH AND 20S

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain the formation of China.


Describe on the pattern of imperialism in China
Interpret the history of ethnic minorities in China.
Describe the separatist movements China and the response of foreign power.
Analyzing current issues in China such as Taiwan and Tibet.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


China is one of the largest countries in this world. The development and formation of the country began
since early time. About 4000 years of its existence brings about challenges to maintain unity that also
brings war and diplomacy. The challenges is in the form f the colonial foreign Powers and it give rise to
the awareness to be free amongst the minorities in China.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Osterhammel, Jurgen. China, in Judith Brown, M. Brown and Wm. Roger Louis (eds.) 1999. Oxford
History of the British Empir. Vol.1. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Richardson, Hugh E. 1984. Tibet and Its History. London: Shambhala.
Wen-Djang Chu. 1966. The Moslem Rebellion in Nortwest China, 1862-1878. The Hague: Mouton & Co.
Matsusaka, Yoshihisa Tak, 2001. The Making of Japnese Manchuria, 1904-1932. Cambridge MA: The
Harvard, University Asia Center, Harvard East Asian Monographs.
Lattimore, Owen. 1962. Studies in Frontier History: Collected Papers 1928-1958. London Oxford
University Press.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3331

40%
60%

THE STUDY OF ISLAM ARCHAELOGY IN MALAYSIA

LERANING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain Islamic archaeology period.


Clarify the function and used of early Islamic currency.
Elaborate the development of Malay sultanate currency
Interpret the development of Acheh tombstone in the Islamic tradition contexts in Malaysia.
Relate the position of Islamic archaeology Malaysia in the context of Islamic culture in the Malay
world.
358

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


Students will be exposed to the archaelogical study. Focus will be given to the currency data, mosque,
stone inscriptions, tombstone and patterns of Islamic arts. An understanding of the transformation of
local society before or after the coming of foreigners.
MAIN REFERENCE
1.
2.
3.
4.

Mohd Kassim B. Hj. Ali. 1983, Tin coins attributed to the Melaka Sultanate, Malaysia in History, Vol.
26.
Linehan, W. 1934. Coins of Kelantan, JMBRAS, Vol. Xll, Part ll.
Stein Callenfel, P.V. Van. 1927. The Pengkalan inscription, JFMSM, Vol. 12, part l.
Othman Mohd Yatim. 1988. Batu Acheh: Early Islamic Gravestone in Peninsula Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur:
NAM.

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3333

40%
60%

THE EMERGEMCY IN MALAYSIA, 1948-1960

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain of the movement, strategies and the struggle of Malaya Communist Party (MCP).
Describe the influence of the communist, political and socioeconomic development in Malaysia.
Explain the influence of the communist on the society in Malaysia.
Describe the goverment action in countering the communist movement and restoring peace.
Conclude the failure of communist movement during the first emergency (1948-1960).

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course discusses all the important developments during the emergency era in Malaya (1948-1960).
The efforts of the communist to instil their influence on to the locals will be given special attention in this
course. Precision studies on the steps taken by the government to counter communism. Local scenario
in Malaya during the emergency era and the effect of the emergency on the social, economic and politics
will also be discussed further in the course.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Cheah Boon Kheng. 1983. Red Star Over Malaya: Resistance and Social Conflict During and After The
Japanese Occupation 1941-1946. Singapore: Singapore University Press.
2. Chin, Aloysius. 1995. The Communist Party of Malaya: The Inside Story. Kuala Lumpur: Vinpress.
3. Ho Hui Ling. 2004. Darurat 1948-1960: Keadaan Sosial di Tanah Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit
Universiti Malaya.
4. Mohd. Reduan Haji Asli. 1993. Pemberontakan Bersenjata Komunis di Malaysia. Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.
5. Stubbs, Richard. 1989. Hearts and Minds in Guerrilla Warfare, The Malayan Emergency 1948-1960.
Singapore: Oxford University Press.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%
359

AEEA3334

JAPANESE OCCUPATION IN MALAYA, 1941-1945

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Explain Japanese steps to improve economic situation in the Malay Penisular.


Correlate the history of Japanese occupation in Malaya with the emergence of Japanese militarism
as a background.
Exhibit the Japanese military administration in Malaya.
Analyze the implications of Japanese accupation in Malaya.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will examine the Japanese military administration in Malaya in 1941-1945. Political
background and the rise of militarism in Japan since Meiji Restoration 1868- 1912 will be discussed at
length as a background. Besides the course will be discussed at length as a background also examine
the political, economic and social impact during the Japanese occupation. The Most important aspects
of Japanese military administrative policy its establishment and its impact on Malaya. Last but not least
a study will be on the positive impact on nationalist movement in Malaya of Japanese military
occupation.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Ganley. Albert C. 1989 Japan: Short History. Wayside Publishing.
2. Hall, John Whitney.1970. Japan: From Prehistory to Modern Times. New York: Dell Publishing.
3. Mohd Isa Othman, Pendudukan Jepun di Tanah Melayu 1941-1945: Tumpuan di Negeri Kedah, Kuala
Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1992.
4. Khoo Kay Kim, Muhd Yusof Ibrahim, Malaysia : Warisan dan Perkembangan, Kuala Lumpur : Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1992.
5. Kratoska P.H,The Japanese Occupation of Malaya 1941 -1945, Australia:Allen & Unwin,1998.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3335

40%
60%

HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT IN SABAH AND SARAWAK AND


NATIONAL INTEGRATION, 1946-1990

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Describe the economic, social and political developments of Sabah and Sarawak during British rule
(1946-1963).
Explain the emergence of political awareness and the formation of political parties in Sabah and
Sarawak.
Identify the development of politics in Sabah and Sarawak, 1963-1990
Correlate Sabah and Sarawak positions with Federal Government.
Conclude the development and administrative policies in Sabah and Sarawak from 1963 until 1990.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course discussed on historical development in Sabah and Sarawak based on the changes of
administration that is British colonization (1946-1963) towards independent states under Malaysia
360

Malaysia (1963-1990). Changes could be seen in the development of the two states under the
administration of different rule between 1946-1990. Sabah and Sarawak relation with Federal
Government is also discussed.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Kitingan, Jeffrey G. and Ongkili, Maximus J. (eds.). 1989. Sabah 25 Years Later, 1963-1988. Kota
Kinabalu: Institute For Development Studies (Sabah).
2. Milne, R.S. and K.J. Ratnam. 1974. Malaysia-New States in a New Nation: Political Development of
Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia. London: Frank Class.
3. Nidzam Sulaiman. 2006. Pakatan Dalam Politik Sarawak. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan
Malaysia.
4. Porritt, Vernon L. 1997. British Colonial Rule in Sarawak, 1946-1963. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University
Press.
5. Roff, Margaret. 1974. The Politics of Belonging: Political Change in Sabah and Sarawak, Kuala Lumpur:
Oxford University Press.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3341

40%
60%

MODERN AMERICAN HISTORY, 1865-2004

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Explain how the United States of America began its transformation into a superpower;
Analyze how national and international events coalesced or independently shaped the course of
Americas history;
Describe the role of a multi-sectoral society in the countrys historical development;
Correlate Americas past experiences and apply these to the current scenario;
Recognize the role and political leaders in United States.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course focuses on the development of the United States of America qua nation since 1860 with
special reference to the Industrial Era (1865-1900), Progressive Era (1901-1917), the national economy in
the 1920s and the subsequent Great Depression in the 1930s. Attention will also be given to geopolitics
through the Age of Imperialism (1890-1900), First World War (1914-1918), Second World War (1942-45)
and the Cold War, in tandem with domestic politics such as the civil rights movements and
developments in Americas foreign policies since the 1980s until 2006.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Shakila Yacob, Amerika Syarikat: Pembentukan Negara Bangsa (Kuala Lumpur: DBP, 2005).
2. John Mack Faragher, Mari Jo Buhle (dll.), Out of Many: A History of the American People (New Jersey:
Prentice Hall, 2001).
3. David Goldfield, Carl Abott (dll), The American Journey: A History of the United States ( New Jersey:
Prentice Hall, 2002).
4. William L. Barney, (ed.), A Companion To 19th Century America (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers,2001)
5. Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman & Jon Gjerde (eds.), Major Problems in American History Since 1865 (Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 2002)

361

ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3342

40%
60%

POLITICAL HISTORY OF INDONESIA, 1966-2003

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Identify the prominent themes in the political crisis between 1966-2003.


Explain the development of Indonesia politics under the Suharto, B.J. Habibie, Abdul Rahman Wahid
and Megawati Sukarnoputris presidential
Formulate development of the politic parties in Indonesia.
Explain the emergency of Islamic movements in Indonesia.
Compare policies implemented by different Indonesian leaders.

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course exhibits the trends of politics in Indonesia between 1966 until 2003. Amongst the important
themes include policies implemented, financial crisis, social and politics that led to the replacement
leaders. Other important themes are democratic process, religious process, ethnic and regional conflicts
and steps taken by Indonesian government to overcome them. Also the emergence of Islamic
fundamentalist, militantancy and Muslim liberals movement in Indonesia.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. Ananta, Aris. 2005. Emerging Democracy in Indonesia. Singapore : ISEAS.
2. Bernhard,D. 1971. History of Indonesia in the 20th Century, Second Edition, London : Pall Mall Press Ltd.
3. Emmerson, Donald K. (ed). 1999. Indonesia Beyond Suharto : Polity, Economy, Society, Transition.
Armonk, New York and London : M.E.Sharpe.
4. Rickleff, M.C. 2001. A History of Modern Indonesia. Third Edition, London : Palgrave.
5. Suryadinata, L. 1998. Interpreting Indonesian Politics. Singapore : Times Academic Press.
6. Vatikiotis, Michael R.J. 1994. Indonesian Politics Under Suharto : order, development and pressure for
change, London and New York : Routledge
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

AEEA3343

40%
60%

THE HISTORY OF INTELLIGENCE IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR ERA

LEARNING OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Define the concepts of intelligence that form an important asset in national security be it during the
war or not.
Describe the historical development of intelligence activities as an important field of national
defense.
Explain on open war related to the invasion activities, silent attacks, and so on.
Describe the credibility and the ability of spies who can manage dangerous missions.

362

SYNOPSIS OF COURSE CONTENTS


This course will be implemented according to themes and axposure to intelligence activities that
obviously played an important role in times of war. Various intelligence activities will be thought
including The Art of War, Sun Tzu mahupun Arthasastra, Kautilya. Several themes of this activities will be
acknowledged such as the involvement of leading figures and certain groups, propaganda during WW2.
MAIN REFERENCE
1. West, Nigel. 1981. MI5, British Security Service Operations 1909 -1945. London: The Bodley Head.
2. Murphy, Sean. 2003. Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War. London: Sutton
Publishing Company.
3. Smith, Michael. 2000. The Emperors Codes: The Breaking of Japans Secret Ciphers. New York: Penguin
Books.
4. Stripp, Alan. 1989. Code Breakers in the Far East. New York: Oxford University Press.
5. Elphick, Peter. 1995. Singapore: The Pregnable Fortress: A Study in Deception, Discord and Desertion.
London: Coronet Books.
ASSESSMENT METHODS
Continuous Assessment :
Final Examination
:

40%
60%

363