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Determinants of Human Morality

promulgated by competent authority for the


sake of the common good.

For the act to be morally good it has to


agree with the norms of morality and on all
three determinants.
Objec
t
Circ
End
Act

Good

Evil

Good

Good

Good
Good
Good

Good
Good
Evil

Evil
Evil
Evil

Good
Evil
Evil

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

The object/Act
- Human act performed.
2. The Circumstance
- conditions which do not belong to the
essence of the act but may affect it
morally.
Culpability
a) Aggravating Fully
responsible
b) Mitigating Less responsible
c) Justifying Not responsible
d) Exempting Not responsible
7 circumstance
a) Who the person who does the
act or the action done
b) What Circumstance of quantity
or quality
c) Where circumstance of place
d) With what ally Circumstance
of the means or instrument
e) In what condition
circumstance of manner
f) When circumstance of time
g) Why circumstance of end or
purpose
3. The End/Purpose
- The motive of the agent in doing the
act.
NORMS OF MORALITY
1. Objective Norm
Norm rule or authoritative standard
considered as representative of a specific
group
Law (Gods law, Old & New Testament, &
Natural Law) An ordinance of reason,

4 essential elements of the meaning of


LAW
a)
b)
c)
d)

Reasonable
Promulgated
Competent authority
Common good

Essential Characteristics of Law


1. Law is based on vision, certain
presupposition.
2. Law arises from and expresses basic
values.
Classification of Laws
1. Divine Laws Come directly from
God
a) Natural Moral Law eternal
law that is known to man by
reason.
Guadium et Spes universal
moral law put into being by God
b) Divine Positive Law
Old Testament - flows from
the covenant relationship by
God to His chosen peoplethe Israelites.
New Testament
Fulfillment of the old
testament law.
2. Human Laws enacted by church or
state authorities
a) Ecclesiastical Laws enacted
by the Church
b) Civil Laws enacted by the
State
Functions of Moral Norms/Laws
1. Moral norms are the moral memory of
the community.
2. Moral norms help prevent moral
paralysis
3. Moral norms also provide some
consistency and stability in the moral
life

4. Moral norm challenge our moral living


2. Subjective Norm: Conscience
Conscience Law inscribe by God in
humans heart.
Stages in formation of conscience
1. Discernment
S earch
T hink
O thers (consult experts)
P ray for enlightenment
2. Moral Demand as Christian
3. Moral Decision or Judgment
Rules may apply in every case

One may do evil so that good may


result from it.
What ever you wish that men would
do to you, do so to them.
Charity always proceeds by way of
respect for ones neighbor and his
conscience

Sources of erroneous judgment


1. Lack of conversion and charity
2. Rejection of churchs authority and her
teachings
3. Enslavement of ones passion
4. Bad examples given by others
5. Ignorance of Christ and His Gospel
Levels of Conscience
1. Instinctive - fear
2. Moral or Ethical - knowledge
3. Christian or Religious goes
beyond
Kinds of Conscience
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Doubtful Conscience
Scrupulous
Lax Conscience
Erroneous or False
Certain
True or Correct