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4

PERT/CPM
0
Activity list for the Rehabilitation of Warehouse Project
Activity

Activity Description

A
B
C
D
E
F

Purchase of Construction Materials


Dismantling of Front Wall and Gate
Demolition of Floor
Laying of reinforcement bars
Filling of Cement
Fabrication of Web Member and
trusses
Installation of Web members and
trusses
Repair and installation of front wall
and gate

G
H

Immediate
Predecessors
------A
B
C
D
C

Estimated
Duration
1 day
2 days
3 days
4 days
8 days
3 days

5 days

E,G

2 days

Scheduling of the Warehouse Rehabilitation Project with PERT/CPM


Figure 1. The project network for the Rehabilitation of Warehouse
1

5
3

Path and path lengths through the Warehouse Rehabilitation Project


2
Path
START A B C D E H
FINISH
START A B C F G H
FINISH

Length
0 + 1 + 2 + 3 +4 + 8 + 2 + 0 = 20
days
0 + 1 + 2 + 3 + 3 + 5 + 2 + 0 = 16
days

The critical part for the rehabilitation of warehouse: START A B C D E H


FINISH
Estimated project duration = 20 days
Scheduling Individual Activities
Such procedure can determine when can the individual activities start and finish (at
the earliest) if no delays occur. The starting and finishing times of each activity if no
delays occur anywhere in the project are called the earliest start time and the
earliest finish 8
time of the activity.
ES = earliest start time for a particular activity
EF = earliest finish time for a particular activity
Where:
EF = ES + (estimated) duration of the activity
The latest start time for an activity is0theFINISH
latest possible time that it can start
without delaying the completion of the rehabilitation, assuming no subsequent
delays in the project. The latest finish time has the corresponding definition with
respect to finishing the activity
G
C
C

E
C
C

H
C
C

LS = latest start time for a particular activity


LF = latest finish time for a particular activity
Where:
LS = LS (estimated) duration of the activity

ES = 0
EF = 0
ES = 18
EF = 20
ES = 20
EF = 20
Figure 2. Earliest start time (ES) and earliest finish time (EF) values for the activities
in Figure 1.

ES = 10
EF = 18
ES = 14
EF = 16

ES = 6
EF = 10

ES = 16
EF = 16

E
E

ES = 3
EF = 6

ES = 1
EF = 3

LS = 0
LF = 0
LS = 18
LF = 20
LS = 20
LF = 20
Figure 2. Latest start time (LS) and latest finish time (LF) values for the activities in
Figure 1.

LS = 10
LF = 18
LS = 14
LF = 16

ES = 0
EF = 1

LS = 6
LF = 10

LS = 16
LF = 16

L
L

LS = 3
LF = 6

Identification Slack in the Schedule


The slack for an activity is the difference between its latest finish time and its
earliest finish time. In symbols,
Slack = LF - EF
Activity
A
B
C

Slack (LF EF)


0
0
0

On Critical Path
Yes
Yes
Yes

D
E
F
G
H

0
0
0
0
0

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Each activity with zero slack is on critical path through the rehabilitation of
warehouse network such that any delay along its path will delay project completion.