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Geography 155-06 Spring 2015

Midterm Study Guide


Material to Review:
Four Chapters from Online Textbook
Week 3 Articles
Eight Class Lectures
Class Notes
Optional Textbook in Library (GF-41-R82)
An Introduction to Human Geography: The Cultural Landscape (Rubenstein)
Key Terms and Concepts:
Week 1: Introduction Thinking
Geographically
What is Geography?
Sub-disciplines of Geography
Geographic Techniques: Cartography,
Remote Sensing, GIS & GPS
Landscape Literacy
Functional & Formal Regions
Diffusion & Types of Diffusion:
Hierarchical & Reverse-hierarchical
Contagious Diffusion
Relocation Diffusion
Stimulus (partial diffusion)
Impermeable Barriers: Ex. time and space
Spatial Segregation
Intervening Factors
Cultural Hearth
Friction of Distance
Distributions: Random, Clustered and
Dispersed
Week 2: Culture & Cultural Practices
What is Culture?
Cultural Components
Cultural, Physical & Human Geography
Social Characteristics
Folk Culture & Examples
US Cultural Regions
Formal Regions
Cultural Isolation
American Folk Cultures & Housing
Folk Music & Examples
Kurdish Culture

Indian Culture
Mori People
Inca Civilization
Week 3: Population
Demographics
Population Concentrations & Climate Zones
Sparsely Populated Regions
Natural Increase
Rate of Natural Increase
Total Fertility Rates: High & Low
Concentrations
Fertility and Mortality Rates
Infant Mortality Rate
Replacement Level
Crude Birth Rates
Crude Death Rates
Demographic Transition: Fertility,
mortality & population growth rates at each
stage & transitions. Effects of
industrialization, limitations and origin
Life Expectancy
Dependency Age & Ratio
World Health Threats
Population Pyramids
Population Control Policies
Chinas One Child Policy
Week 3: Migration
Reasons People Migrate: Economic,
Political, Environmental, Culture/Tradition,
Technology
Push/Pull Factors

Migration, Immigration, Emigration & Net


Migration
Forced & Voluntary Migration
Periodic Movement, Circulation
Transhumance, Nomadism
Migration Transition
International Migration
Internal Migration: Interregional &
Intraregional
Ravensteins Laws of Migration
Characteristics of Migrants
African Slave Trade
Refugees & Characteristics
Global Migration Patterns
Historical US Migration
Intervening Obstacles
US Quota Law
Cultural Issues Migrants Experience
Week 4: Language & Dialects
What is Language?
Literary Traditions
Official Language
Dialect
Geographers Perspective on Language
Language Distributions
Major Language Families
Language Divisions: Families, Groups,
Branches & Languages, Dialects & Accents
Language Family Tree
Language Divisions for English
Pidgin
Extinct Language & Examples
Creoles
Creole Languages
Current & Historical

Social Dialects
Vernacular Dialects
Isolated Languages
Endangered Languages
Worlds Top 10 Languages
Linguistics
Geolinguistics
Dialect Regions in the US
Ebonics
Spanglish
Ethnicity & Dialect
Toponyms
Language Relations to Environment
Week 5: Religion
Major World Religions: Origin, diffusion,
holy places, branches, belief, calendars,
holydays, places of worship, etc
Universalizing Religions: Examples &
characteristics
Ethnic Religions: Examples &
characteristics
Branch
Denomination
Sect
Cult
Monotheistic
Polytheistic
Pantheistic
Sacred Places
Reincarnation
Diaspora
Secularization
Fundamentalism
Religious Conflicts: