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Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

DESCRIPTION

NE/SA612A

PIN CONFIGURATION

The NE/SA612A is a low-power VHF monolithic double-balanced


mixer with on-board oscillator and voltage regulator. It is intended for
low cost, low power communication systems with signal frequencies
to 500MHz and local oscillator frequencies as high as 200MHz. The
mixer is a Gilbert cell multiplier configuration which provides gain
of 14dB or more at 45MHz.

D, N Packages

The oscillator can be configured for a crystal, a tuned tank


operation, or as a buffer for an external L.O. Noise figure at 45MHz
is typically below 6dB and makes the device well suited for high
performance cordless phone/cellular radio. The low power
consumption makes the NE/SA612A excellent for battery operated
equipment. Networking and other communications products can
benefit from very low radiated energy levels within systems. The
NE/SA612A is available in an 8-lead dual in-line plastic package and
an 8-lead SO (surface mounted miniature package).

INPUT A 1

VCC

INPUT B 2

OSCILLATOR

GND 3

OSCILLATOR

OUTPUT A 4

OUTPUT B

SR00098

Figure 1. Pin Configuration

APPLICATIONS

Cordless telephone
Portable radio
VHF transceivers
RF data links
Sonabuoys
Communications receivers
Broadband LANs
HF and VHF frequency conversion
Cellular radio mixer/oscillator

FEATURES

Low current consumption


Low cost
Operation to 500MHz
Low radiated energy
Low external parts count; suitable for crystal/ceramic filter
Excellent sensitivity, gain, and noise figure
ORDERING INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION

TEMPERATURE RANGE

ORDER CODE

DWG #

0 to +70C

NE612AN

SOT97-1

8-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Plastic (DIP)


8-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) package (Surface-Mount)

0 to +70C

NE612AD

SOT96-1

8-Pin Plastic Dual In-Line Plastic (DIP)

-40 to +85C

SA612AN

SOT97-1

8-Pin Plastic Small Outline (SO) package (Surface-Mount)

-40 to +85C

SA612AD

SOT96-1

BLOCK DIAGRAM
8

V CC
OSCILLATOR

VOLTAGE
REGULATOR

GROUND

4
SR00099

Figure 2. Block Diagram

1990 Sep 17

This datasheet has been downloaded 134


from http://www.digchip.com at this page

853-0391 00446

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


SYMBOL

PARAMETER

RATING

UNIT

VCC

Maximum operating voltage

TSTG

Storage temperature

-65 to +150

TA

Operating ambient temperature range


NE
SA

0 to +70
-40 to +85

AC/DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS


TA=25C, VCC = 6V, Figure 3
SYMBOL
VCC

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

Power supply voltage range

LIMITS
Min

Typ

4.5

Max
8.0

DC current drain

2.4

fIN

Input signal frequency

500

MHz

fOSC

Oscillator frequency

200

MHz

Noise figured at 45MHz

5.0

dB

-13

dBm

17

dB

Third-order intercept point at 45MHz

RFIN=-45dBm

Conversion gain at 45MHz

14

RIN

RF input resistance

1.5

CIN

RF input capacitance
Mixer output resistance

(Pin 4 or 5)

mA

k
3

pF

1.5

radio 2nd IF and demodulator, the NE/SA612A is capable of


receiving -119dBm signals with a 12dB S/N ratio. Third-order
intercept is typically -15dBm (thats approximately +5dBm output
intercept because of the RF gain). The system designer must be
cognizant of this large signal limitation. When designing LANs or
other closed systems where transmission levels are high, and
small-signal or signal-to-noise issues not critical, the input to the
NE/SA612A should be appropriately scaled.

DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION
The NE/SA612A is a Gilbert cell, an oscillator/buffer, and a
temperature compensated bias network as shown in the equivalent
circuit. The Gilbert cell is a differential amplifier (Pins 1 and 2) which
drives a balanced switching cell. The differential input stage
provides gain and determines the noise figure and signal handling
performance of the system.
The NE/SA612A is designed for optimum low power performance.
When used with the NE614A as a 45MHz cordless phone/cellular

1990 Sep 17

3.0

UNIT

135

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

TEST CONFIGURATION
0.5 to 1.3H
22pF
1nF

5.5H

34.545MHz THIRD OVERTONE CRYSTAL

10pF

VCC
100nF

6.8F

10nF

5
150pF
OUTPUT
1.5 to
44.2H

612A

330pF

120pF

47pF
0.209 to
0.283H

INPUT
220pF

100nF

SR00101

Figure 3. Test Configuration

VCC

18k
BUFFER

6
7

1.5k

1.5k

25k

BIAS

BIAS

2
1

BIAS
1.5k

1.5k
3
GND

SR00102

Figure 4. Equivalent Circuit

1990 Sep 17

136

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

Besides excellent low power performance well into VHF, the


NE/SA612A is designed to be flexible. The input, output, and
oscillator ports can support a variety of configurations provided the
designer understands certain constraints, which will be explained
here.

permissible oscillation frequency. If the required L.O. is beyond


oscillation limits, or the system calls for an external L.O., the
external signal can be injected at Pin 6 through a DC blocking
capacitor. External L.O. should be 200mVP-P minimum to 300mVP-P
maximum.

The RF inputs (Pins 1 and 2) are biased internally. They are


symmetrical. The equivalent AC input impedance is approximately
1.5k || 3pF through 50MHz. Pins 1 and 2 can be used
interchangeably, but they should not be DC biased externally. Figure
5 shows three typical input configurations.

Figure 7 shows several proven oscillator circuits. Figure 7a is


appropriate for cordless phones/cellular radio. In this circuit a third
overtone parallel-mode crystal with approximately 5pF load
capacitance should be specified. Capacitor C3 and inductor L1 act
as a fundamental trap. In fundamental mode oscillation the trap is
omitted.

The mixer outputs (Pins 4 and 5) are also internally biased. Each
output is connected to the internal positive supply by a 1.5k
resistor. This permits direct output termination yet allows for
balanced output as well. Figure 6 shows three single-ended output
configurations and a balanced output.

Figure 8 shows a Colpitts varacter tuned tank oscillator suitable for


synthesizer-controlled applications. It is important to buffer the
output of this circuit to assure that switching spikes from the first
counter or prescaler do not end up in the oscillator spectrum. The
dual-gate MOSFET provides optimum isolation with low current.
The FET offers good isolation, simplicity, and low current, while the
bipolar circuits provide the simple solution for non-critical
applications. The resistive divider in the emitter-follower circuit
should be chosen to provide the minimum input signal which will
assume correct system operation.

The oscillator is capable of sustaining oscillation beyond 200MHz in


crystal or tuned tank configurations. The upper limit of operation is
determined by tank Q and required drive levels. The higher the Q
of the tank or the smaller the required drive, the higher the

612A

612A
612A

2
1

INPUT

a. Single-Ended Tuned Input

b. Balanced Input (For Attenuation


of Second-Order Products)

c. Single-Ended Untuned Input

SR00103

Figure 5. Input Configuration

1990 Sep 17

137

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

CT*

12pF

CFU455
or Equivalent

612A

612A
Filter K&L 38780 or Equivalent
*CT matches 3.5k to next stage

a. Single-Ended Ceramic Filter

b. Single-Ended Crystal Filter

612A

612A

c. Single-Ended IFT

d.. Balanced Output

SR00104

Figure 6. Output Configuration

L1

C2

C3

XTAL

C1

612A

612A

612A

TC02101S

a. Colpitts Crystal Oscillator


(Overtone Mode)

1
TC02111S

b. Colpitts L/C Tank Oscillator

4
TC02121S

c. Hartley L/C Tank Oscillator

SR00105

Figure 7. Oscillator Circuits

1990 Sep 17

138

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

5.5H
+6V
10F

0.10pF

0.1F

TO
BUFFER

7
612A
10pF

7pF
3

1000pF
DC CONTROL VOLTAGE
FROM SYNTHESIZER
1000pF
0.06H
MV2105
OR EQUIVALENT

0.01F

100k

2k

3SK126
2N918

0.01pF
2N5484
2pF

TO SYNTHESIZER

330

100k
100k

0.01F

TO SYNTHESIZER

1.0nF

SR00106

Figure 8. Colpitts Oscillator Suitable for Synthesizer Applications and Typical Buffers

1990 Sep 17

139

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

NE/SA612A

TEST CONFIGURATION
0.5 to 1.3H

22pF
44.545MHz THIRD OVERTONE CRYSTAL

5.5H

6.8F

5.6pF

1nF

VCC
100nF

10nF

612A

SFG455A3
OR EQUIVALENT

455kHZ

47pF
0.209 to 0.283H

INPUT
45MHz IN

220pF
100nF

SR00107

Figure 9. Typical Application for Cordless/Cellular Radio

1990 Sep 17

140

Philips Semiconductors

Product specification

NE/SA612A

3.50

6.00

3.25

5.75
NOISE FIGURE (dB)

SUPPLY CURRENT 9mA)

Double-balanced mixer and oscillator

8.5V

3.00

6.0V
2.75

4.5V

2.50
2.25

4.5V
6.0V
8.5V

5.50
5.25
5.00
4.75

2.00

4.50

1.75

4.25
4.00
40 30 20 10

1.50
40 30 20 10

0 10 20 30 40
TEMPERATURE OC

50

60 70

80 90

10 20 30 40 50
TEMPERATURE OC

60 70

80 90

SR00111

SR00108

Figure 10. ICC vs Supply Voltage

Figure 13. Noise Figure


RF1 = 45MHz, IF = 455kHz, RF2 = 45.06MHz

20.0

3rd ORDER PRODUCT

19.5

20

18.5
6.0V
8.5V
4.5V

18.0
17.5
17.0

IF OUTPUT POWER (dBm)

CONVERSION GAIN (dB)

19.0

16.5
16.0
15.5
15.0
14.5
14.0
40 30 20 10

10

20

30 40

50

60

70

80

20

FUND. PRODUCT

40

60

90

TEMPERATURE OC

SR00109
80

60

40
20
0
RF INPUT LEVEL (dBm)

Figure 11. Conversion Gain vs Supply Voltage

20

SR00112

Figure 14. Third-Order Intercept and Compression


10.0

11.0
11.5

10

12.0

11

12.5

12

INTERCEPT (dBm)

INPUT INTERCEPT POINT (dBm)

10.5

13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5

13
14
15
16

16.0
17

16.5
17.0
40 30 20 10

10

20

30

40

50

60 70

80

18

90

TEMPERATURE OC

SR00110

VCC (VOLTS)

Figure 12. Third-Order Intercept Point

10

SR00113

Figure 15. Input Third-Order Intermod Point vs VCC

1990 Sep 17

141