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ANTENNAS

1. What is the polarization of a discone


antenna?

A. end fire array


B. critical phased array
C. broadband array

A. Vertical
B. Horizontal
C. Circular

D. wideband array
6. A device that converts high frequency
current into electromagnetic wave.

D. Spiral
2. If the antenna increases 3.3 times how
much does the radiated power increase?

A. Antenna
B. Loudspeaker
C. Microphone

A. 3.3 times
B. 10.89 times

D. Transducer
7. Which is a non-resonant antenna?

C. 9.9 times
D. 6.6 times
3. When speaking of antennas. ______ is a
section which would be a complete
antenna by itself.

A. Rhombic antenna
B. Folded dipole
C. End-fire array
D. Yagi-Uda antenna

A. image
B. top loading

8. Gain of a half-wave dipole antenna over


isotropic.

C. bay
D. quarterwave
4. In what range of frequencies are most
omnidirectional horizontally polarized
antennas used?

A. 2.15 dB
B. 1.76 dB
C. 1 dB
D. 0dB
9. Very low signal strength in antenna.

A. VHF, UHF
B. VLF, LF
C. SH, EHF
D. MF, HF
5. If the current ratios of the two or more
elements must be held 5% and the phase
angle to 3 the antenna is called a

A. Minor lobes
B. Null
C. Antenna patterns
D. Major lobes

10. What is the gain of the Hertzian dipole


over isotropic antenna?

A. 1.64 dB

C. Entropy
D. Quantum
15. If an antenna has a gain of 3 dB, it
increases the output of the transmitter by

B. 2.15 dB
C. 1.76 dB

A. 10,000 times

D. 1.55 dB

B. 1000 times

11. ______ is the measurement of a


unilateral antenna properties of directivity

C. 100 times

A. Phase angle

D. 1 million times
16. Top loading is used in an antenna in
order to increase its ______.

B. Antenna gain
C. Beamwidth

A. practical height

D. Bandwidth

B. beamwidth

12. In testing transmitter to prevent


interfering with other stations, which type
of antenna must be used?

C. effective height
D. input capacitance
17. A horizontal antenna is _____.

A. Void antenna
B. Dummy antenna
C. Hertzian antenna
D. Isotropic antenna
13. The best solution to fading is _____.

A. vertically polarized
B. horizontally polarized
C. centrally polarized
D. circularly polarized
18. All elements in a beam _____ antennas
are in line

A. space diversity
B. frequency diversity
C. polarization diversity
D. wavelength diversity
14. _____ is the amount of uncertainty in a
system of symbols

A. collinear
B. yagi
C. broadside array
D. log-periodic
19. Which does not use vertical
polarization antenna?

A. Bandwidth
B. Enthalpy

A. AM Broadcasting

D. Parabolic dish antenna

B. FM Broadcasting

24. What determines antenna


polarization?

C. Mobile Communications
D. Satellite Communications
20. Lightning rods must be mounted a top
structure not less than ___ above the
highest point.

A. The frequency of the radiated wave


B. The direction of the radiated wave
C. The direction of the magnetic field
vector

A. 10 cm

D. The direction of the electric field vector

B. 20 cm

25. _____ is the horizontal pointing angle


of an antenna

C. 30 cm
D. 40 cm
21. _____ is an antenna with a number of
half-wave antenna on it.

A. Azimuth
B. Angle of elevation
C. Right angle

A. Antenna array

D. Beamwidth

B. Tower

26. A dipole antenna requires to be fed


with 20 kW of power to produce a given
signal strength to a particular distant
point. If the addition of a reflector makes
the same field strength available with an
input power of 11kW. What is the gain in
dB, obtained by the use if the reflector.
(Gain referred to this particular dipole).

C. Omni-directional
D. Rhombic
22. Which antenna radiates an
omnidirectional pattern in the horizontal
plane with vertical polarization?

A. Marconi antenna
B. Discone antenna
C. Horn antenna
D. Helical antenna
23. An antenna with very high gain and
very narrow beamwidth.

A. 4.75
B. 2.6
C. 1.81
D. 4.24
27. What is the estimated medium wind
loading in the Philippines for antenna
tower design?

A. Helical antenna
B. Discone antenna

A. 300 kph

C. Horn antenna

B. 100 kph

C. 200 kph

B. 2.15 dB

D. 250 kph

C. 3 dB

28. Discone radiation pattern is ______.

D. 0 dB
33. An antenna with unity gain

A. omnidirectional/vertical polarized
B. unidirectional

A. Rhombic

C. bidirectional

B. Half-wave dipole

D. figure of eight

C. Isotropic

29. _____ is an open-ended slot antenna

D. Whip

A. Helical antenna

34. How will you increase the gain of an


antenna?

B. Rhombic antenna
C. Notch antenna

A. By adding several antennas in parallel

D. Cassegrain antenna

B. By focusing the radiated energy in one


desired direction

30. Which antenna is a properly


terminated?

C. By making antenna rods thicker


D. By making the antenna size larger

A. Marconi

35. An antenna which is one-tenth


wavelength long

B. Rhombic
C. Dipole
D. Yagi-Uda
31. What is the radiation characteristic of
a dipole antenna?

A. Hertzian dipole
B. Loop antenna
C. Marconi antenna
D. Elementary doublet

A. Omnidirectional

36. What is the minimum number of turns


a helix antenna must have?

B. Bidirectional
C. Unidirectional
D. Hemispherical
32. What is the theoretical gain of a
Hertzian dipole?

A. 3
B. 5
C. 4
D. 6

A. 1.76 dB

37. What is the gain of isotropic antenna?

B. 10 dB
A. 10

C. 100 dB

B. 1

D. 20 dB

C. 10

42. If 4 kW in antenna produces 50 V/m


in a receiving antenna, a 15 kW will
produce _____.

D. 100
38. Which of the following improves
antenna directivity?

A. 200 V/m
A. Driven element
B. Reflector element
C. Director element
D. Parasitic element
39. The antenna radiates _____ polarized
waves when the transmitter antenna is
horizontally installed.

B. 10 V/m
C. 100 V/m
D. 20 V/m
43. If the radiated power increase 10.89
times, the antenna current increases by
______.

A. 3.3 times
A. Vertically
B. negatively
C. horizontally
D. circularly

B. 6.6 times
C. 1.82 times
D. 10.89 times
44. The frequency of operation of a dipole
antenna cut to a length of 3.4 m.

40. The length of a Marconi antenna to


operate with 985 kHz is ______.
A. 88 MHz
A. 200 ft
B. 500 ft
C. 250 ft
D. 999 ft
41. What is the front-to-back ratio of an
antenna which radiates 500 watts in a
northernly direction and 50 watts in a
southernly direction?

B. 44 MHz
C. 22 MHz
D. 11 MHz
45. Comparing the signal strength arriving
at the driven element from the desired
direction to the signal strength reaching
the driver from the opposite direction.

A. Directivity
A. 25000 dB

B. Sensitivity
C. Beamwidth

D. Front-to-back ratio

A. at 45 degrees to its axis

46. What is the capture area of a dipole


operated at 75 MHz?

B. parallel to its axis


C. at right angles to its axis
D. at 60 degrees to its axis

A. 4 mm
B. 2 m2
C. 2.088 m2

1. Vertical

D. 4.088 m2

2. 10.89 times

47. _____ of an antenna is a measure of


how the antenna concentrates its radiated
power in a given direction.

3. bay
4. VHF, UHF

A. Efficiency
B. Power

5. critical phased array


6. Antenna

C. Gain
D. Polarization

7. Rhombic antenna

48. Shortening effect of an antenna that


makes it appear as if it were 5% longer.

8. 2.15 dB
9. Null

A. End effect

10. 1.76 dB

B. Flywheel effect
C. Skin effect

11. Beamwidth

D. Capture effect

12. Dummy antenna

49. Harmonic suppressor connected to an


antenna.

13. space diversity


14. Entropy

A. Low-pass filter
B. High-pass filter
C. M-derived filter
D. Constant-K
50. A simple half-wavelength antenna
radiates the strongest signal

15. 1000 times


16. effective height
17. horizontally polarized
18. collinear
19. FM Broadcasting

20. 30 cm

42. 100 V/m

21. Antenna array

43. 3.3 times

22. Marconi antenna

44. 44 MHz

23. Parabolic dish antenna

45. Front-to-back ratio

24. The direction of the electric field


vector

46. 2.088 m2
47. Gain

25. Azimuth
48. End effect
26. 2.6
49. Low-pass filter
27. 200 kph
50. at right angles to its axis
28. omnidirectional/vertical polarized
29. Notch antenna
30. Rhombic
31. Bidirectional

51. The current maximum in a Marconi


antenna is found at

A. the base of the antenna

32. 1.76 dB

B. the center of the antenna

33. Isotropic

C. some point between the base and the


center of the antenna

34. By focusing the radiated energy in


one desired direction
35. Elementary doublet

D. the top of the antenna


52. If an antenna is too short for the
wavelength being used, the effective length
can be increased by adding:

36. 3
A. capacitance in series
37. 1
38. Parasitic element
39. horizontally
40. 250 ft
41. 10 dB

B. inductance in series
C. resistance in parallel
D. resistance in series
53. Which of the following antennas is
used for testing and adjusting a
transmitter for proper modulation,

amplifier operation and frequency


accuracy?

A. Elementary

D. By connecting an inductor in series


with the antenna
57. Which of the following antennas
receive signals in the horizontal plane
equality well from all directions?

B. Real
C. Isotropic
D. Dummy
54. The power fed to a two-bay turnstile
antenna is 100 watts. If the antenna has a
2 dB power gain, what is the effective
radiated power?

A. 317 watts

A. Horizontal Hertz antenna


B. Vertical loop antenna
C. Vertical Yagi antenna
D. A vertical antenna which is a quarterwavelength long
58. If the length of a Hertz dipole is
decreased

B. 158 watts
C. 200 watts
D. 400 watts
55. What is the gain, in dB of a helical
antenna with diameter of /3, 10 turns at
pitch of /4, used at 100 MHz?

A. 16
B. 41.1
C. 31.4
D. 1.25
56. How is it possible to lower the
resonant frequency of Hertz dipole
antenna?

A. By reducing the frequency at the


transmitter
B. By connecting a capacitor in series with
the antenna
C. By the connecting a resistor in series
with the antenna

A. its resonant frequency will be lowered


its distributed inductance will be
increased
B. its distributed inductance will be
decreased
C. its resonant frequency will be increased
D. its distributed capacitance between the
antenna and ground will be increased.
59. A final amplifier of a radio transmitter
draws 250 mA of plate current when the
plate supply voltage is 1400 volts. If the
plate circuit efficiency is 80% and the
transmitter is connected to an antenna
having a feed impedance of 70 ohms, what
is the antenna current at the feed-point?

A. 4.0 A
B. 2.2 A
C. 1.25 A
D. 2.0 A
60. A one-quarter wavelength shunt-fed
vertical Marconi antenna

A. has maximum radiation in a vertical


direction

64. What is the effect of adding a capacitor


in series with an antenna?

B. must have a horizontal receiving


antenna for the best reception

A. The antennas resonant frequency will


increase

C. must use a receiving antenna for the


best reception

B. The antennas resonant frequency will


decrease

D. must have a vertical receiving antenna


for the best reception

C. The antenna will be physically 5%


longer than its electrical length

61. A shunt-fed quarter-wavelength


Marconi antenna

D. A capacitor is never added in series


with an antenna

A. has maximum RF impedance to ground


at its feedpoint

65. How does the electric field strength of


a standard broadcast station vary with the
distance from the antenna?

B. has a current null at its feedpoint


C. has a zero DC resistance to ground
D. has zero RF resistance to ground
62. The parasitic element of an antenna
system will

A. The field strength of a standard


broadcast station vary with the distance
from the antenna
B. The field strength is directly
proportional to the distance from the
antenna

B. increase its directivity

C. The field strength remains constant


regardless of the distance from the
antenna

C. give the antenna unidirectional


properties

D. The field strength varies inversely as


the distance from the antenna

D. both B and C

66. Stacking elements in a transmitting


antenna system

A. decrease its directivity

63. If the length of an antenna is changed


from 2.5 meters to 2.8 meters, its
resonant frequency will

A. increase
B. depend on the velocity factor so the
resonant frequency can either be
increased or decreased

A. increases the field strength at the


receiving antenna
B. increases the directivity of the
transmitter antenna
C. decrease the size of the lobe in the
radiation pattern

C. will be unchanged

D. both A and B

D. decrease

67. A vertical loop antenna has a

A. ground wave propagation


A. unidirectional radiation pattern in the
horizontal plane
B. unidirectional radiation pattern in the
vertical plane
C. omnidirectional radiation pattern in the
horizontal plane
D. a bidirectional radiation pattern in the
horizontal plane
68. In order to get maximum radiation to
all surrounding points in the horizontal
plane, the antenna used is a

B. space wave propagation


C. ionosphere scatter propagation
D. sky wave propagation
72. What antenna radiates equally in all
directions?

A. Vertical antenna
B. isotropic antenna
C. Horizontal antenna
D. Dipole antenna

A. vertical loop

73. Actual height of antenna should be at


least

B. vertical quarter-wavelength rod


C. array which includes parasitic elements
D. a horizontal Hertz dipole
69. What is the electrical wavelength of a
500 MHz signal?

A. one wavelength
B. half wavelength
C. quarter wavelength
D. three-fourth wavelength

A. 60 centimeters

74. Which antenna is not properly


terminated?

B. 6 meters
C. 0.06 meter
D. 60 meters
70. If the antenna current is doubled, the
field strength at a particular position is

A. Resonant
B. Non-resonant
C. Isotropic
D. Whip

A. doubled
B. halved

75. ______ is an antenna array which is


highly directional at right angles to the
plane of the array?

C. multiplied by a factor of four


D. divided by a factor of four

A. Broadside array

71. The rhombic antenna is primarily used


for

B. End-fire array
C. Turnstile array
D. Log-periodic array

76. The directivity pattern of an isotropic


radiator is

A. a figure-8
B. a sphere

B. Three-quarters of the way from the feed


point toward the end
C. One-half of the way from the feed point
toward the end
D. At the feed point

D. a parabola

81. A theoretical reference antenna that


provides a comparison for antenna
measurements.

77. An isotropic radiator is

A. Marconi antenna

C. a unidirectional cardioid

B. Isotropic radiator
A. in the northern hemisphere

C. Yagi-Uda array

B. an antenna high enough in the air

D. Whip antenna

C. an antenna whose directive pattern is


substantially incredible

82. A Hertz antenna is operating on a


frequency of 2182 kHz and consists of a
horizontal wire that is hanged between two
towers. What is the frequency of its third
harmonic?

D. a hypothetical, omnidirectional antenna


78. The purpose of stacking elements on
an antenna.

A. 727 kHz
A. Sharper directional pattern
B. increased gain
C. Improved bandpass
D. All of these
79. The advantage of using top loading in
a shortened HF vertical antenna is

B. 6546 kHz
C. 436 kHz
D. 6.546 kHz
83. In horizontal-dipole antenna, the
polarization is

A. in the vertical direction


A. lower quality factor
B. greater structural strength
C. higher losses
D. improved radiation efficiency
80. Where are the voltage nodes in a halfwave antenna?

B. in the horizontal direction


C. circular
D. measured at the center of the antenna
84. Increasing the electrical length of an
antenna means

A. add an inductor in parallel


A. At the ends

B. add a capacitor in series

D. coil

C. add an inductor series

89. What is the gain of an antenna over a


half-wavelength dipole when it has 6 dB
gain over an isotropic radiator?

D. add a resistor is series


85. Stacking antennas at various angles
results in

A. 6.0 dB
A. a more omnidirectional reception
B. a more unidirectional reception
C. a more omnidirectional reception
D. an overall reception signal increase

B. 8.1 dB
C. 3.9 dB
D. 10.0 dB
90. What is the usual electrical length of a
driven element in an HF beam antenna?

86. What is driven element?


A. wavelength
A. Always the rearmost element
B. Always the forward most element
C. The element fed by the transmission
line
D. The element connected to the rotator
87. What is antenna bandwidth?

A. Antenna length divided by the number


of elements
B. The angle between the half-power
radiation points
C. The angle formed between two
imaginary lines drawn through
D. The frequency range over which an
antenna can be expected to operate
satisfactorily
88. To lengthen an antenna electrically,
add a

B. wavelength
C. wavelength
D. 1 wavelength
91. What happens to the bandwidth of an
antenna as it is shortened through the use
of loading coils?

A. It is increased
B. It is decreased
C. No change occurs
D. It becomes flat
92. To electrically decrease the length of
an antenna.

A. add an inductor in series


B. add an inductor in parallel
C. add a resistor in series

A. resistor
B. battery
C. condult

D. add a capacitor in series


93. Strong interference from one
particular station can be eliminated by the
use of

A. noise limiters
B. squelch circuits
C. negative feedback
D. wave traps in the antenna circuitry
94. It is useful to refer to an isotropic
radiator.

A. Antenna open circuit stops


transmission
B. An inductor of equal value must be
added
C. No change occurs to antenna
D. Antenna resonant frequency increases
98. Where are the current nodes in a halfwave antenna?

A. when comparing the gains of directional


antennas
B. when testing a transmission line for
standing wave ratio

A. At the ends
B. At the center

C. when (in the northern hemisphere)


directing the transmission

C. Three-quarters of the way from the feed


point toward the end

D. when using a dummy load to tune a


transmitter

D. One-half of the way from the feed point


toward the end

95. A disadvantage of using a trap


antenna.

99. For a shortened vertical antenna,


where should a loading coil be placed to
minimize losses and produce the most
effective performance?

A. It will radiate harmonics


B. It can only be used for single-bad
operation
C. It is too sharply directional at lower
frequencies
D. It must be neutralized
96. The input terminal impedance at the
center of a folded dipole antenna is

A. As low as possible on the vertical


radiator
B. Near the center of the vertical radiator
C. As close to the transmitter as possible
D. At a voltage node
100. The effect of adding parasitic
elements of a Hertz dipole is to

A. 72
B. 300
C. 50
D. 73
97. When a capacitor is connected in
series with a Marconi antenna?

A. make the antenna more omnidirectional


B. reduce its resonant frequency
C. increase the antennas power gain
D. All of these
51. the base of the antenna

52. inductance in series

71. sky wave propagation

53. Dummy

72. isotropic antenna

54. 158 watts

73. quarter wavelength

55. 16

74. Resonant

56. By connecting an inductor in series


with the antenna

75. Broadside array


76. a sphere

57. A vertical antenna which is a


quarter-wavelength long

77. a hypothetical, omnidirectional


antenna

58. its resonant frequency will be


increased

78. All of these

59. 2.0 A

79. improved radiation efficiency

60. must have a vertical receiving


antenna for the best reception

80. At the feed point

61. has a zero DC resistance to ground


62. both B and C
63. decrease
64. The antennas resonant frequency
will increase
65. The field strength varies inversely
as the distance from the antenna
66. both A and B
67. a bidirectional radiation pattern in
the horizontal plane
68. vertical quarter-wavelength rod
69. 60 centimeters
70. doubled

81. Isotropic radiator


82. 6546 kHz
83. in the horizontal direction
84. add an inductor series
85. a more omnidirectional reception
86. The element fed by the
transmission line
87. The frequency range over which an
antenna can be expected to operate
satisfactorily
88. coil
89. 3.9 dB
90. wavelength
91. It is increased

92. add a capacitor in series


93. wave traps in the antenna circuitry
94. when comparing the gains of
directional antennas
95. It will radiate harmonics
96. 300
97. Antenna resonant frequency
increases
98. At the ends
99. Near the center of the vertical
radiator
100. increase the antennas power gain