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Donna Mae Suguilon

April 20-24, 2015 (Week 2)


This is the second week of my OJT, I did different tasks compared last week. On Monday, Sir
Rommel taught us to check the voltage spikes using the oscilloscope. The effect of a voltage spike is to
produce a corresponding increase in current that may destroy the components or damage the electrical
appliances. Multimeter can also be use in checking the voltage spikes. In the afternoon, Ms. Rose
explained about LDO (low-voltage dropout regulator), LDO regulators feature to pull large current with
small input-output voltage differential while minimizing heat losses. Then, I asked her whats the
different between LDO and buck regulator, both of these linear regulator can regulate low output voltage.
She said, LDO regulator does not generate switching noise but when you talk about the efficiency, buck
regulator is better. On Tuesday, Ms. Kat and Sir. Gil gave us a task to edit a sermon (audio data), we were
given three sermons to be edited. We used AUDACITY program for editing post-processing of all types
of audio, including podcasts by adding effects such as normalization, trimming, and fading in and out.
After adding effects, we remove the unnecessary sound or noise. I observed that the voice data and the
noise differs in pattern of its spectrum. On Wednesday, we continued editing of audio data until we
finished it. Sir Gerjun asked me to find the prices of electrical parts for his project. Some of it are not
available online so it makes my work difficult, he told me to search for another parts closest to original.
So I need to check the datasheet that corresponds to the specifications of each parts. On Thursday, Sir
Rommel discussed the overview on lay-outing and designing the PCB. At first, its difficult to understand
what hes talking about. He said, before you begin to lay out your PCB, you MUST have a complete and
accurate schematic diagram. Many people jump straight into the PCB design with nothing more than the
circuit in their head. He said that PCB have eight layers, via is a hole or path between layers in a
physical electronic circuit that goes through the plane of one or more adjacent layers. Its equivalent to the
dot shown in schematic diagram. He taught me to pile and adjust capacitors in PCB, after this he told me
to check each layers if theres some components or via place in that area. He said PCB design is always
done looking from the top of your board, looking through the various layers as if they were transparent.
This is how all the PCB packages work. The only time you will look at your board from the bottom is for
manufacturing or checking purposes. This through the board method means that you will have to get
used to reading text on the bottom layers as a mirror image. You may remove or replace it, as a designer
you need to understand or know the best for it. On Friday, We asked something to do to Sir Rommel, so
he told us to do the BOM again. He explained first the important parameters to be checked for passive
components such as, rated temperature and voltage, size, temp coefficient and PPM. By using the
manufacturing part number of each component it makes our work easy. We just need to check its
parameter if its corresponds to the parameters given in the BOM, if its right, we just need to indicate the
link and paste it in the BOM.