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American gun use is out of control.

the world intervene?
Henry Porter
The death toll from rearms in the US suggests that the country is gripped by civil war
Saturday 21 September 2013 22.12BST

ast week, Starbucks asked its American customers to please not bring their guns into
the coee shop. This is part of the company's concern about customer safety and
follows a ban in the summer on smoking within 25 feet of a coee shop entrance and
an earlier ruling about scalding hot coee. After the celebrated Liebeck v McDonald's
case in 1994, involving a woman who suered third-degree burns to her thighs, Starbucks
complies with the Specialty Coee Association of America's recommendation that drinks
should be served at a maximum temperature of 82C.
Although it was brave of Howard Schultz, the company's chief executive, to go even this far
in a country where people are better armed and only slightly less nervy than rebel ghters in
Syria, we should note that dealing with the risks of scalding and secondary smoke came well
before addressing the problem of people who go armed to buy a latte. There can be no
weirder order of priorities on this planet.
That's America, we say, as news of the latest massacre breaks last week it was the slaughter
of 12 people by Aaron Alexis at Washington DC's navy yard and move on. But what if we no
longer thought of this as just a problem for America and, instead, viewed it as an
international humanitarian crisis a quasi civil war, if you like, that calls for outside
intervention? As citizens of the world, perhaps we should demand an end to the
unimaginable suering of victims and their families the maiming and killing of children
just as America does in every new civil conict around the globe.
The annual toll from rearms in the US is running at 32,000 deaths and climbing, even
though the general crime rate is on a downward path (it is 40% lower than in 1980). If this
perennial slaughter doesn't qualify for intercession by the UN and all relevant NGOs, it is
hard to know what does.
To absorb the scale of the mayhem, it's worth trying to guess the death toll of all the wars in
American history since the War of Independence began in 1775, and follow that by
estimating the number killed by rearms in the US since the day that Robert F. Kennedy was
shot in 1968 by a .22 Iver-Johnson handgun, wielded by Sirhan Sirhan. The gures from
Congressional Research Service, plus recent statistics from icasualties.org, tell us that from
the rst casualties in the battle of Lexington to recent operations in Afghanistan, the toll is
1,171,177. By contrast, the number killed by rearms, including suicides, since 1968,
according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the FBI, is 1,384,171.
That 212,994 more Americans lost their lives from rearms in the last 45 years than in all

wars involving the US is a staggering fact, particularly when you place it in the context of the
safety-conscious, "secondary smoke" obsessions that characterise so much of American life.
Everywhere you look in America, people are trying to make life safer. On roads, for example,
there has been a huge eort in the past 50 years to enforce speed limits, crack down on
drink/drug driving and build safety features into highways, as well as vehicles. The result is a
steadily improving record; by 2015, forecasters predict that for rst time road deaths will be
fewer than those caused by rearms (32,036 to 32,929).
Plainly, there's no equivalent eort in the area of privately owned rearms. Indeed, most
politicians do everything they can to make the country less safe. Recently, a Democrat
senator from Arkansas named Mark Pryor ran a TV ad against the gun-control campaign
funded by NY mayor Michael Bloomberg one of the few politicians to stand up to the NRA
lobby explaining why he was against enhanced background checks on gun owners yet was
committed to "nding real solutions to violence".
About their own safety, Americans often have an unusual ability to hold two utterly opposed
ideas in their heads simultaneously. That can only explain the past decade in which the fear
of terror has cost the country hundreds of billions of dollars in wars, surveillance and
intelligence programmes and homeland security. Ten years after 9/11, homeland security
spending doubled to $69bn . The total bill since the attacks is more than $649bn.
One more gure. There have been fewer than 20 terror-related deaths on American soil since
9/11 and about 364,000 deaths caused by privately owned rearms. If any European nation
had such a record and persisted in addressing only the rst gure, while ignoring the
second, you can bet your last pound that the State Department would be warning against
travel to that country and no American would set foot in it without body armour.
But no nation sees itself as outsiders do. Half the country is sane and rational while the other
half simply doesn't grasp the inconsistencies and historic lunacy of its position, which
springs from the second amendment right to keep and bear arms, and is derived from
English common law and our 1689 Bill of Rights. We dispensed with these rights long ago,
but American gun owners cleave to them with the tenacity that previous generations fought
to continue slavery. Astonishingly, when owning a gun is not about ludicrous macho fantasy,
it is mostly seen as a matter of personal safety, like the airbag in the new Ford pick-up or
avoiding secondary smoke, despite conclusive evidence that people become less safe as gun
ownership rises.
Last week, I happened to be in New York for the 9/11 anniversary: it occurs to me now that
the city that suered most dreadfully in the attacks and has the greatest reason for
jumpiness is also among the places where you nd most sense on the gun issue in America.
New Yorkers understand that fear breeds peril and, regardless of tragedies such as Sandy
Hook and the DC naval yard, the NRA, the gun manufacturers, conservative-inclined
politicians and parts of the media will continue to advocate a right, which, at base, is as
archaic as a witch trial.
Talking to American friends, I always sense a kind of despair that the gun lobby is too
powerful to challenge and that nothing will ever change. The same resignation was evident
in President Obama's rather lifeless reaction to the Washington shooting last week. There is
absolutely nothing he can do, which underscores the fact that America is in a jam and that
international pressure may be one way of reducing the slaughter over the next generation.
This has reached the point where it has ceased to be a domestic issue. The world cannot

stand idly by.

This article was amended on 21 September 2013. The original mistakenly said that Edward
Kennedy was shot in 1968. This has been corrected