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Estudamento de ciencias

1) Observa a figura que representa o sangue humano.


a) Faz a legenda da figura.
1 - _______________________________
2 - _______________________________
3 - _______________________________
4 - _______________________________
b) Indica as funes desempenhadas pelo sangue.
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c) Para cada um dos tipos de clulas representadas, indica a funo e onde
so produzidas.
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d) Refere as diferenas entre as clulas representadas pelos nmeros 1 e


2, quanto sua morfologia.
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2) A figura 2 representa o corao humano.
a) Faz a sua legenda.
1 - _____________________________
2 - _____________________________
3 - _____________________________
4 - _____________________________
5 - _____________________________
6 - _____________________________
7 - _____________________________
8 - _____________________________
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13 - ____________________________

10 - ____________________________

14 _____________________________

11 - ____________________________
12 - ____________________________

15 _____________________________

b) Indica o nome das vlvulas que separam as aurculas dos ventrculos.


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c) Indica o nome das vlvulas que separam os ventrculos das artrias.
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d) Qual a funo das vlvulas indicadas anteriormente.
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e) Onde se localizam as artrias coronrias e qual a sua funo?
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f) Justifica o facto do miocrdio do ventrculo esquerdo ser mais espesso
que o do ventrculo direito.
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g) Qual a diferena entre o sangue arterial e o sangue venoso?
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h) Descreve a circulao sistmica ou grande circulao.


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i) Descreve a circulao pulmonar ou pequena circulao.
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j) Quais so os sistemas de defesa do organismo humano?
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k) Descreve a ao dos leuccitos na defesa no especfica do organismo.


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l) Indica os diferentes tipos de vasos sanguneos e as diferenas entre
eles.
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3) Descreve sucintamente as fases do ciclo cardaco.
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4) A figura 3 representa o sistema respiratrio.
a) Faz a respetiva legenda.
1 - _____________________________

2 - _____________________________
3 - _____________________________
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5 - _____________________________
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7 - _____________________________
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10 - ____________________________
b) Quais so as transformaes que o ar sofre ao passar nas vias
respiratrias?
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c) Relativamente ventilao pulmonar indica as fases correspondentes
inspirao e expirao.
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d) Em que consiste a hematose pulmonar?
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e) Indica os fatores que facilitam a hematose pulmonar.
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f) Elabora um esquema legendado que represente a hematose pulmonar.

g) Indica algumas doenas do sistema cardiorrespiratrio.


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h) Indica algumas regras de preveno relativamente s doenas do sistema
cardiorrespiratrio.
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a)

5) A figura 4 representa o sistema urinrio.


Faz a sua legenda, incluindo o rim.
1 - _____________________________
2 - _____________________________
3 - _____________________________
4 - _____________________________
5 - _____________________________
6 - _____________________________
a - _____________________________
b - _____________________________
c - _____________________________
d - ____________________________

e - ________________________

g - ________________________

f - ________________________

h - ________________________

b)

Indica as funes do sistema urinrio.


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c)

Refere algumas doenas que podem afetar o sistema urinrio.


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d)

Indica medidas a tomar de modo a prevenir contra possveis doenas no


sistema urinrio.
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a)

6) A figura 5 representa um nefrnio,


Qual a sua funo?
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b)

Faz a respetiva legenda.


1 - _____________________________

6 - _____________________________

2 - _____________________________

7 - _____________________________

3 - _____________________________

8 - _____________________________

4 - _____________________________

9 - _____________________________

5 - _____________________________

10 - ____________________________
11 - ____________________________

c)

Relativamente formao da urina:


i. Quais as fases que levam sua formao?
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ii. Onde ocorrem estas fases?
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iii. Que transformaes ocorrem em cada uma delas?
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iv. Qual a constituio final da urina?
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v. Indica o percurso desta desde que se forma at que sai do
organismo.
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