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Engineering Standard

SAES-L-136
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

9 March 2013

Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents
1

Scope............................................................. 2

Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2

References..................................................... 2

Definitions....................................................... 4

General........................................................... 4

Requirements by Materials......................... 5

Previous Issue: 19 December 2011 Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin
Primary contact: Anezi, Mohammed Ali on +966-3-8809528
CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2013. All rights reserved.

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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

Scope
This Standard provides requirements for the selection of metallic and non-metallic pipe,
flanges and fittings for in-plant and pipeline applications, excluding utility and
plumbing piping as defined in SAES-S-060 and SAES-S-070.

Conflicts and Deviations


2.1

Any conflicts between this standard and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Engineering Standards (SAESs), Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2

Direct all requests to deviate from this standard in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of
Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

References
The selection of material and equipment, and the design, construction, maintenance, and
repair of equipment and facilities covered by this standard shall comply with the latest
edition of these documents to the extent specified in this standard.
3.1

Saudi Aramco References


Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure
SAEP-302

Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory


Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-B-064

Onshore and Nearshore Pipeline Safety

SAES-L-100

Applicable Codes and Standards for Pressure


Piping Systems

SAES-L-105

Piping Material Specifications

SAES-L-131

Fracture Control of Line Pipe

SAES-L-133

Corrosion Protection Requirements for


Pipelines/Piping

SAES-L-310

Design of Plant Piping


Page 2 of 8

Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

SAES-L-410

Design of Pipelines

SAES-L-620

Design of Nonmetallic Piping in Hydrocarbon and


Water Injection Systems

SAES-L-650

Construction of Nonmetallic Piping in Hydrocarbon


and Water Injection Systems

SAES-S-060

Saudi Aramco Plumbing Code

SAES-S-070

Installation of Utility Piping Systems

SAES-W-011

Welding Requirements for On-Plot Piping

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications

3.2

01-SAMSS-035

API Line Pipe

01-SAMSS-038

Small Direct Charge Purchases of Pipe

01-SAMSS-042

Reinforced Thermoset Resin (RTR) Pipe and


Fittings in Water and Hydrocarbon Services

01-SAMSS-043

Carbon Steel Pipes for On-Plot Piping

01-SAMSS-044

CRA Clad Pipe Spools

01-SAMSS-048

CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe

01-SAMSS-333

High Frequency Welded Line Pipe

02-SAMSS-005

Butt Welding Pipe Fittings

02-SAMSS-011

Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

02-SAMSS-012

Weld Overlayed Fittings, Flanges and Spool Pieces

Industry Codes and Standards


American Petroleum Institute
API SPEC 5L

Specification for Line Pipe

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B31.3

Process Piping

ASME B31.4

Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons,


LPG, Anhydrous Ammonia, and Alcohols

ASME B31.8

Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems

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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

Definitions
Code: The appropriate code (ASME B31.3, ASME B31.4, or ASME B31.8) as
specified in SAES-L-100.
Pipe fittings: are elbows, tees, welding outlets, reducers, caps and lap joint stub ends;
as well as blind flanges, spectacle plates, spacers and slip blinds.
Transportation Pipelines: Pipelines constructed to ASME B31.4 or ASME B31.8
codes. See SAES-L-100.

General
5.1

Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications


5.1.1

Carbon steel pipe for pipelines and on-plot applications shall be in


accordance with the applicable specification (SAMSS) as follows:
01-SAMSS-035

API Line Pipe

01-SAMSS-038

Small Direct Charge Purchases of Pipe

01-SAMSS-333

High Frequency Welded Line Pipe

01-SAMSS-043

Carbon Steel Pipes for On-Plot Piping

Commentary:
The scope of 01-SAMSS-038 Small Direct Charge Purchase of Pipes
does not cover ASTM pipes. Hence, small quantity ASTM A106
Grade B pipes, intended for on-plot applications, shall be substituted by
API SPEC 5L Grades as allowed by SAES-L-105 to allow procurement
of small quantities from stockists in accordance with 01-SAMSS-038.

5.3

5.1.2

Non-Metallic Pipe shall be in accordance with 01-SAMSS-042:


Reinforced Thermoset Resin (RTR) Pipe and Fittings in Water and
Hydrocarbon Services.

5.1.3

CRA (Corrosion Resistant Alloy) Clad or Lined Pipe shall be in


accordance with 01-SAMSS-048: CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe.

5.1.4

CRA (Corrosion Resistant Alloy) weld overlayed flanges and fittings


shall be procured in accordance with 02-SAMSS-012.

5.15

CRA clad pipe spools shall be procured in accordance with


01-SAMSS-044.

Seamless pipe intended for sour service shall not be procured as sour service
pipe in accordance with API SPEC 5L. HIC testing is not required for seamless
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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

pipes intended for sour service and procured in accordance with 01-SAMSS-035
and 01-SAMSS-043.
5.4

HIC test is required for small quantity seamless pipes intended for sour service
and procured in accordance with 01-SAMSS-038.

Requirements by Material
The following requirements apply in addition to those given in the applicable Code:
6.1

Furnace butt-welded pipe shall not be used.

6.2

Cast iron pipe and fittings may only be used for utility and plumbing services as
defined in SAES-S-060 and SAES-S-070.

6.3

Nonmetallic Reinforced Thermoset Resin (RTR) pipe shall be used per


01-SAMSS-042, SAES-L-620 and SAES-L-650. For material service
compatibility, nonmetallic specialist of ME&CCD/CSD shall be consulted.

6.4

Carbon steel pipe shall have specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) of not
less than 35 ksi (241 MPa) equivalent to ASTM A106 Grade B or higher.

6.5

The highest grade for all types of pipes shall be restricted to API 5L Grade X-65
for sour service and API 5L Grade X-70 for non-sour service.

6.6

Restrictions on use of High Frequency Welded (HFI or ERW) carbon steel pipe.
6.6.1

6.6.2

High Frequency Welded pipe shall comply with the following


requirements:
a)

For sour gas or corrosive services, as defined in SAES-L-133, high


frequency welded pipe manufactured in accordance with Class C
requirements of 01-SAMSS-333 shall be used with exceptions
listed in 6.6.2.

b)

For all other services not covered in (a) above, pipes manufactured
in accordance with Class B requirements of 01-SAMSS-333 shall
be used with exceptions listed in 6.6.2.

ERW pipe shall not be used in the following applications:


a)

On-plot piping in accordance with ASME B31.3 or ASME B31.1


except for firewater systems.

b)

ASME B31.8 Gas pipelines in sour or corrosive services, as


defined in SAES-L-133, in locations Class 3 and Class 4 as defined
in SAES-B-064.
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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

6.7

6.8

c)

ASME B31.8 Gas pipelines within 500 meters of the battery limits
of plants and permanently manned facilities.

d)

Grade X70 and above in sour service.

e)

In low temperature service (below 0C).

f)

For offshore applications.

g)

Backing Carbon Steel Material for Lined or Weld Overlayed Pipes.

Restrictions on use of Spiral Weld Pipe


1.

Spiral weld pipe shall not be used in sour services, either for ASME B31.3
in-plant piping or for ASME B31.4 or ASME B31.8 pipelines.

2.

Spiral welded pipe shall not be used for on-plot piping

3.

Backing Carbon Steel Material for Lined or Weld Overlayed Pipes.

Restrictions on use of mechanically bonded Lined Pipe


Mechanically bonded lined pipe shall not be used in subsea applications.

6.9

Longitudinally welded pipe used in ASME B31.3 on-plot piping, shall be in the
heat treated, stress relieved condition or cold expanded in the following services.
i.

Sour services as defined in SAES-L-133

ii.

All caustic (NaOH) solutions, including conditions where caustic


carryover may occur (e.g., downstream from caustic injection points)

iii.

All monoethanolamine (MEA) solutions (all temperatures)

iv.

All diglycol amine (DGA) solutions above 138C design temperature

v.

All rich amino diisopropanol (ADIP) solutions above 90C design


temperature

vi.

All lean ADIP solutions above 60C design temperature

vii. Boiler deaerator service (i.e., ambient temperature vacuum deaerators are
exempt)
viii. All diethanolamine (DEA) solutions
ix.

All MDEA / aMDEA solutions


Commentary Note:
The above provisions are related to reducing the probability of stress
corrosion cracking and stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking (SOHIC).
SAES-L-133 also addresses corrosion and environmental cracking

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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements
considerations.

6.10

Pipe per API SPEC 5L grades X65 and X70 shall be derated to X60 when used
for ASME B31.3 on-plot piping API SPEC 5L Grade X70 pipe shall not be used
in any sour service even if derated. The pipe shall be marked with the actual
grade. In addition, girth weld requirements established in Saudi Aramco
welding standard SAES-W-011 for grades X65 or X70 shall be followed.
70 High Frequency (HFI) welded pipes shall not be used for sour service as
indicated in paragraph 6.5.2(d) above.

6.11

Low Temperature Piping Requirements


6.11.1 When the design minimum temperature (defined in SAES-L-310 or
SAES-L-410 as applicable) is at minus -18C and above, pipe in
accordance with 01-SAMSS-035, 01-SAMSS-038, 01-SAMSS-043 or
01-SAMSS-333 shall be used.
6.11.2 When the minimum design temperature is within the range of -18C to 45C inclusive, carbon steel piping and components shall be as specified
in this section
6.11.2.1

ERW pipe shall not be used below 0C design temperature.

6.11.2.2

Pipe purchased in accordance with the specifications listed


below may be used if longitudinal Charpy V-notch impact
tests at -45C demonstrate absorbed energies of 34/27 J
(25/20 ft-lbs):
a)

ASTM A333 Grade 6

b)

ASTM A671, Class 22, Grade CC60 or CC65,


Supplementary Requirement S-2 (Charpy V-Notch
Test)

6.11.3 ANSI/ASME B16.11 socket-welding and threaded fittings, less than


2-inch NPS, manufactured in accordance with ASTM A350 Grade LF2
Class 1, can be used down to a minimum design temperature of -45C.
6.11.4 Pipe fittings for low temperature shall comply with the requirements of
02-SAMSS-005. Acceptable materials are ASTM A420 Grade WPL 6,
and ASTM A350 Grade LF2 Class 1. ASTM A516 plate maybe used for
blind flanges, spectacle plates, spacers and slip blinds.
6.11.5 All weld neck flanges, and any lap joint flanges shall comply with
requirements specified in 02-SAMSS-011.

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Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee


SAES-L-136
Issue Date: 9 March 2013
Next Planned Update: 19 December 2016
Pipe, Flange and Fitting Material Requirements

6.11.6 Carbon steel pipe for sour service shall comply with 01-SAMSS-035 for
pipelines, or 01-SAMSS-043 for on-plot piping. Carbon steel pipe
fittings for sour service shall comply with 02-SAMSS-005. Flanges for
sour service shall comply with 02-SAMSS-011.
6.12

The additional requirements of 01-SAMSS-035 shall be applied as specified in


SAES-L-131 for fracture control of transportation pipelines.

19 December 2011
9 March 2013

Revision Summary
Major revision.
Editorial revision to clarify prohibiting ERW & Spiral pipes to be used as backing carbon steel
material for lined and weld overlayed pipes, which is already stated in 01-SAMSS-048.

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