Contains important quations for CURRENT Electricity

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Contains important quations for CURRENT Electricity

© All Rights Reserved

- Ohm
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Find the current passing through 2 , If the potential difference across AB is 16 V

Find the current I and voltage V in circuit.

Find the resistance across AB as shown in figure (each branch of resistance 1 )

Find the current through 25 V and power supplied by 20 V cell in figure shown

If a cell of constant emf produces the same amount of heat during the same time in two independent

resistances R1 and R2, when they are separately connected across the terminals of cell, one after the

another. Find the internal resistance of cell.

Find the effective resistance of network between A and B

In the network all resistances are of r ohm. Find the equivalent resistance across A and B

Find the resistance in which maximum heat is produced.

Find the value of R if current through 4 is zero.

In the circuit the current is same when both switches are closed as when as when both are open. Find the

value of R

If he switches S1,S2 and S3 in the figure are arranged such that current through the battery is minimum, find

the voltage across A and B

The figure shows network of resistor each having value of 12 . Find the equivalent resistance across AB

A battery of emf 10 V is connected across 1 m long wire having resistance of 10 /m. Two cells of emf 2V

and 4 V with internal resistances 15 are connected as shown. If at point P there is no deflection find the

distance of P from A.

15. A potentiometer wire AB is 100 cm long and has a total resistance of 10 ohm. If the galvanometer shows

zero deflection at point C, the find the value of unknown resistance.

16. In the figure for given values of R1 and R2 the balance point for jockey is at 40 cm from A. When R2 is

shunted by resistance of 10 , the balance point shifts by 50 cm. Find the value of R1 and R2 (AB = 1 m)

17. A part of circuit is shown in figure. Here reading of ammeter is 5 A and voltmeter is 96 V & voltmeter

resistance is 480 . The find value of R

18. An accumulator of 2 V and negligible resistance is connected across a uniform wire of length 10 m and

resistance of 30 . The appropriate terminals of a cell of emf 1.5 V and internal resistance 1 is connected

to one end of the wire, and the other terminal of the cell is connected through sensitive galvanometer to a

slider on the wire. What length of wire will be required to produce zero deflection of the galvanometer?

How will the balancing length change (a) when a coil of resistance 5 is placed in series with the

accumulator, (b) the cell of emf 1.5 V is shunted with 5 resistor?

19. The resistance of the galvanometer G in the circuit is 25 . The meter deflects full scale current for a

current of 10 mA. The ammeter behaves as an ammeter of three ranges. The range is 0 10A, if the

terminals O and P are taken, range is 0 1 A between O and Q, range is 0 0.1 A between O and R.

Calculate the value of resistance R1, R2 and R3.

EXERCISE III

1. An electrical circuit is shown in the figure. Calculate the potential difference across the resistance of 400 ,

as will be measured by the voltmeter V of resistance 400 , either by applying Kirchhoff's rules or

otherwise.

[JEE'96, 6]

2. (i) A steady current flows in a metallic conductor of non uniform cross section. The quantity/quantities

constant along the length of the conductor is/are:

[JEE'97,1+2+5]

(A) current; electric field and drift speed

(C) drift speed only

(C) current and drift speed

(D) current only

(ii) The dimension of electricity conductivity is _________

(iii) Find the emf(E) & internal resistance (r) of a single battery which is equivalent to two batteries of

emfs V1 and V2 and internal resistances r1 and r2 respectively with their similar polarity connected to each

other.

3. In the circuit shown in the figure, the current through

(A) the 3 resistor is 0.50 A

(B) the 3 resistor is 0.25 A

(C) 4 resistor is 0.50 A

(D) the 4 resistor is 0.25 A

[JEE'98, 2]

4. In the circuit shown, P R, the reading of the galvanometer is same with switch S open or closed. Then

(A) IR = IG

(B) IP = IG

(C) IQ = IG

(D) IQ = IR

[JEE'99, 2]

5. The effective resistance between the points P and Q of the electrical circuit shown in the figure is

(A) 2Rr/(R + r)

(D) 5 R/2 + 2r

[JEE02 (S)3]

6. A 100 W bulb B1 and two 60 W bulbs B2 and B3 are connected to a 250 V source, as shown in the figure.

Now W1 W2 and W3 are the output powers of the bulbs B1 B2 and B3 respectively. Then

(A) W1 >W2 = W3

(B) W1 > W2 > W3

(C) W1 < W2 = W3 (D) W1 <W2 < W3

[JEE 02 (S)3]

7. A thin uniform wire AB of length 1 m, an unknown resistance X and a resistance of 12 are connected by

thick conducting, strips, as shown in figure. A battery and a galvanometer (with a sliding jockey connected

to it) are also available. Connections are to be made to measure the unknown resistance X using the

principle of Wheatstone bridge. Answer the following question. (a) Are there positive and negative

terminals on the galvanometer? (b) Copy the figure in your answer book and show the battery and the

galvanometer (with jockey) connected at appropriate points. (c) After appropriate connections are made, it is

found that no deflection takes place in the galvanometer when the sliding jockey touches the wire at a

distance of 60 cm from A. Obtain the value of resistance X.

[JEE' 02, 1 + 2 +2]

8. Arrange the order of power dissipated in the given circuits, if the same current is passing through all three

resistance and each resistor is 'r'

[JEE 03 (Scr)]

(A) P2 > P3 > P4 > P1

(B) P3 > P2 > P4 > P1 (C) P4 > P3 > P2 > P1 (D) P1 > P2 > P3 > P4

9. In the given circuit, no current is passing through the galvanometer. If the cross-sectional diameter of AB is

doubled then for null point of galvanometer the value of AC would

[JEE' 03 (Scr)]

(A) x

(B) x/2

(C) 2x

(D) None

10. How a battery is to be connected so that shown rheostat will behave like a potential divider? Also indicate

the points about which output can be taken.

[JEE' 2003]

11. Six equal resistances are connected between points P, Q and R as shown in the figure. Then the net

resistance will be maximum between

(A) P and Q

(B) Q and R

(C) P and R

(D) any two points [JEE 04(S)]

12. In an RC circuit while charging, the graph of ln I versus time is as shown by the dotted line in the adjoining

diagram where I is the current. When the value of the resistance is doubled, which of the solid curves best

represents the variation of' ln I versus time?

(A) P

(B) Q

(C) R

(D) S

[JEE' 04 (S)]

13. Shown in figure is the post office box arrangement to determine the value of unknown resistance, the

unknown resistance should be connected between

(A) B and C

(B) C and D

(C) A and D

(D)B1 and C1 [JEE' 04 (S)]

14. Draw the circuit for experimental verification of Ohm's law using a source of variable DC voltage, a main

resistance of 100 , two galvanometers and two resistances of values 106 and 103 respectively. Clearly

show the positions of the voltmeter and ammeter and the ammeter.

[JEE 04]

15. Find the current in 2 resistance

[JEE 05 (S)]

16. An uncharged capacitor of capacitance 4F, a battery of emf 12 V and a resistor of 2.5 M are connected in

series. The time after VC = 3VR is (ln 2 = 0.693)

(A) 6.93 sec.

(B) 13.86 sec.

(C) 20.52 sec. (D) none of these [JEE 05 (S)]

17. A galvanometer has resistance 100 and it requires current 100 A for full scale deflection. A resistor of

0.10 is connected to make it an ammeter. The smallest current required in the circuit to produce the full

scale deflection is

(A) 1000.1 mA (B) 1.1 mA

(C) 10.1 mA

(D) 100.1 mA

[JEE 05(S)]

18. An unknown resistance X is to be determined using resistances R1,R2 or R3. Their corresponding null points

are A, B and C. Find which of the above will give the most accurate reading and why? [JEE2005]

MORE

1. One meter long metallic wire is broken into two unequal parts P and Q. P part is uniformly extended into

other wire R. The length of wire R is twice the length of P and resistance of R is equal to Q. Calculate the

ratio of resistances of P and R and ration of length of P and Q [both 1:4]

2. A cell of emf 3.4 V and internal resistance 3 is connected to an ammeter having resistance 2 and to an

external resistance of 100 . When a voltmeter is connected across the 100 resistance, the ammeter

reading is 0.04 A. Find the voltage read by the voltmeter and its resistance. Had the voltmeter been an ideal

what would have been its reading? [Roorkee 1990] [Ans. 3.2 V, 400; 3.238 V]

3. A Nichrome wire of uniform cross-sectional area is bent to form a rectangular loop ABCD. Another

Nichrome wire of same cross-section is connected to form the diagonal AC. Find out the ratio of the

resistances across BD and AC if AB = 0.4 m and BC = 0.3 m. [Roorkee 2000] [Ans. 1.69]

4. A wire of resistance 0.1 /cm is bent to form ABCD of side 10 cm . A similar wire is connected between

corners B and D a diagonal BD. Calculate the effective resistance of this combination between corners A

and C [IIT 1971] [Ans. 1 ]

5. A galvanometer together with an unknown resistance in series is connected across two identical batteries,

each of 1.5 V. When the batteries are connected in series me galvanometer records a current of 1 A, and

when the batteries are in parallel, the current is 0.6 A. Find the internal resistance of the battery? [IIT 1973]

[Ans. 0.33 ]

6. Twelve cells each having the same emf, are connected in series and are kept in a closed box. Some of the

cells wrongly connected. This battery of cells is connected in series with an ammeter and two cells identical

with the others. The current is 3 A when the cells and battery aid each other and is 2 A when the cells and

battery oppose each other. How many cells in the battery are wrongly connected? [IIT 1976, Roorkee 1993]

[Ans. One cell].

7. A potentiometer wire of length 100 cm has resistance 10 . It is connected in series with a resistance and

accumulator of emf 2 V and of negligible internal. A source of emf 10 mV is balanced against a length of 40

cm of the potentiometer wire. What is the value of the external resistance? [lIT 1976] [Ans. 790 ]

8. Determine the potential difference between the points x and y and the current through each branch. If the

resistance in straight path AD is short circuited and the point x is connected to point y, the currents through

9. In the circuit shown in Fig. F, G and H are cells of emfs 2 volt, 1 volt, 3 volt and 1 volt, and their internal

resistances are 2 , 1 , 3 and 1 respectively. Calculate (a) the potential difference between B and D,

(b) the potential difference across the terminals of each cell G and H. Fig [lIT 1984] [Ans. (a) 0.154 V (b)

1.615 V ; 0.54 V]

10. A part of the circuit in a steady state along with the currents flowing in the branches, the values of

resistances etc. is shown in Fig. Determine the energy stored in the capacitor. [IIT 1986] [Ans. 8 104 J]

11. In the given circuit [Fig ], El = 3E2 = 2E3 = 6 V ; Rl = 2R4 = 6 ; R3 = 2R2 = 4; C = 5 F. Find the current

in R3 and energy stored in the capacitor. [IIT 1988] [Ans. 1.5A; 14.4 10 6 J]

12. A battery of emf 8 volt and internal resistance 1 ohm is connected in series with coils of resistance 3, 4 and

5 ohm respectively. The 4 ohm coil is immersed in a liquid containing in a calorimeter and the rise in temperature of the liquid is found to be 1C per minute. What would be the rate of rise in temperature if the 3

and 5 ohm resistances were connected in parallel in the circuit? [Ans. 3.3C per minute]

13. (a) A battery of emf E and internal resistance r is connected across a pure resistive device (e.g., an electric

bulb) of resistance R. Show that the power output of the device is maximum when there is a perfect

matching between the external resistance and the source resistance (i.e. when R = r). Determine this

maximum power output. (b) What is the power output of the source above if the battery is shorted? What is

the 'power dissipation inside the battery in that case? [(a) E2/4R (b) E2/r]

14. (a) An electric motor runs on a D.C. source of emf E and internal resistance r. Show that the power output of

the source is maximum when the current drawn by the motor is E/2r (b) Show that the power output of

electric motor is maximum when the back emf is one half the source emf provided the resistance of the

15. Three equal resistances, each of R ohm, are connected as shown in Fig. A battery of emf 2 V and internal

resistance 0.1 is connected across the circuit. Calculate the value of R for which the heat generated in the

circuit is maximum ? [0.3 ]

16. An electric kettle has two coils. When one of them is switched on, the water in kettle boils in 15 min. When

the other is switched on the water boils in 30 minutes. In how many minutes water boil if both coils are in

(a) series (b) parallel? [Roorkee 1992] [(a) 45 minutes (b) 10 minutes].

17. Two uniform wires of the same all 1 10 3 kg but one having double the length of the other, are connected

in series. They carry a current of 10 A. The length of longer wire is 0.2 m. Calculate the rate of consumption

of energy in each of the two wires. Which one wire gets hotter? Density of wire = 11.34 103 kg/m3.

Specific resistance of material = 20.6 108 m. [lIT 1966] [9.344 W 2.336 W]

18. A wire of resistance 0.1 ohm/cm ABCD of side 10 cm. A similar wire is connected between the corners B

and D. Find the effective resistance of this combination between corners A and C. If a 2 V battery of

negligible internal resistance is connected calculate the total power dissipated. [4 W].

19. The walls of a closed cubical are made of a material of thermal conductivity 4104 cal/cm.s.C. The

interior of the box is maintained 100C temperature by a heater placed connected inside the box and

connected across 400 V DC Determine the resistance of heater. [6.349 ]

20. An electric kettle has two coils when a current is passed in one of them, water in kettle boils in 6 minutes

and when current is passed in other one the water boils in 8 minutes. If both coils are joined in (a) series (b)

parallel, how long will it take in boiling water ? [lIT 1975] [14 min, 3.43 min]

21. A copper wire having a cross-sectional area of 0.5 mm2 and a length of 0.1 m is initially at 25C and is

thermally insulated from surroundings. If a current 6f 10 A is set up in this wire (a) find the approximate

time in which ths wire will start melting. (b) What will this time be if the length of the wire is doubled.

Density of copper is 9000 kg/m3. specific heat of copper 90 ca/kg Cl, melting point = 1075C and specific

resistance is 1.6 10 8 m. IIT 1975[559.2 s, 559.2 s]

'3. A fuse of lead wire has an all mm2. On short-circuiting, thee reaches 30 A. How long afterd the fuse begin to

melt? For Je cal g-l c-l, melting point = 32

I """,,"_I_'" _______ I -.'""r"""'"

"""'-'"

cm-3 and the resistivity =22 X 10-,6 ohm em. The initial"t_mperature'of the wire-is.,20'C. Neglect heat losses.

[IIT,'1976] [AnsrO.95s].

'4. Two electric bulbs, each designed to operate with a power of 500 w.atts in 220 volt line, are in series with a

no volt line; What will be the power generated by each bulb?

[lIT 1977] [Ans. 31.25 W]

'5. A heater.I',.is designed to operate with a power of 1000 W in a 100 volt line [Fig. 7.26]. It is connected to

tworesistanc.esof 10 0 and R O. If the heater is now operating with a power of 62.5W, calculate the value .of R.

A one kilowatt electric heater is operated at 220 volt. Calculate".: (a) the electric current in the heater.;

(b).thejresistance_ofthe,heater ; (c) the power dissi

pated; (d) the heat produced per unit time.; (e) the amount'of-water at 1O0De which will be 'converted.<per

minute into'steam at lOoDe with the given heater. Assume that loss of heat by radiation is neglected. Given:

latent heat of steam = {540 cal g-l.

[lIT 1991) [Ans. (a) 4.55 A (b) 48.4 g (c) 1000 g

(d) 238.1 cal 8-1 (e) 26.46 g]

17. A battery ofinternal resistance 4 g is connected to the network of resistances shown in Fig. 7.27. What must

be the value oiR so that maximum.power is delivered to the network? What is the maximum power?

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