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REPORT

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUID

DJM 2043
THERMOFLUIDS
LECTERUR NAME : PN AINA
GROUP NAME :
NAME
MUHAMMAD HANIF BIN HUSHAIRI
MUHAMMAD AMIRUL BIN ABDUL AZIZ
MUHAMMAD RIDZUAN BIN AZIZZI
MOHAMAD AMIRUL BIN MUSTAFA
MUHAMMAD AFIQ DANIEAL
MUHAMMAD FARHAN ABID

NO MATRICS
15DEM14F1019
15DEM14F1008
15DEM14F1005
15DEM14F1008
15DEM14F1011
15DEM14F1023

INTRODUCTION
Fluid is a substance that is changes continuously depends to the
forced exerted into it. Fluid can be classified into two categories,
liquid and gas. Each fluid has their own physical properties. The
application of the fluid can be recognized or treasured by knowing the
physical properties of the fluid.
The mass per unit volume is defined as density. The unit used is
kg/m3. The measurement is simple in the case of solids and liquids.

Density of substance,

mass
m g
kg
= (
@
)
volume V cm 3 m 3

The ratio of the density of the fluid to the density of water. Usually
1000 kg/m3 at a standard condition is defined as Specific Gravity
or Relative Gravity of fluids. This is a ratio and hence no
dimension or unit is involved.

Specific gravity,

s . g=

substance
water

OBJECTIVE

At the end of the session the students will be able to;


i.
ii.

Determine the density of substance.

EXPERIMENT 1 (a) : TO DETERMINE THE FLUID DENSITY


BY USING THE MEASUREMENT CYLINDER
APPARATUS
a) Measurement cylinder
b) Electronic Balance
c) Oil and water

Procedures :
1. First measure the weight of empty measurement cylinder.
2. Fill the measurement cylinder with 100 ml of water.
3. Reweight the measurement cylinder that fill with water and
remark the mass.
4. Calculate the density of the water using the density equation.
5. Repeat the experiment by using oil.

Result
Item
Mass of cylinder (kg)
Mass of cylinder + fluid
(kg)
Mass of Fluid (kg)
Fluid Volume (m3)
Fluid Density (kg/m3)

Water
Oil
0.256 kg
0.256 kg
0.256 kg + 0.096 kg 0.256 kg + 0.089 kg
= 0.352 kg
= 0.045 kg
0.096 kg
0.089 kg
2
100 ml 1000
100 ml 10002
= 0.0001 m3
= 0.0001 m3
0.096 kg 0.0001 m3 0.089 kg 0.0001 m3
= 960 kg/m3
=890 kg/m3

Analysis

400
350
300
250
Water

200

Oil
150
100
50
0
Mass of cylinder (kg)

Mass of cylinder + fluid (kg)

Mass of Fluid (kg)

Discussion
1. Shows the calculation of mass density and the specific gravity
for water and oil.
Water :
volume of fluid=

100 ml
( 1000 )2
0.0001 m3

fluid density , =

m
V

0.096
0.0001

960 kg /m3

Oil :
volume of fluid=

100 ml
( 1000 )2
0.0001 m3

fluid density , =

m
V

0.089
0.0001

890 kg /m

EXPERIMENT 1 (b) : TO DETERMINE THE DENSITY OF


OBJECT USING MEASUREMENT CYLINDER.
THEORY ;
By using the Archimedes Principle, the weight of fluid displaced by
the object equal to the weight of submerged object.
Apparatus :
a) Measurement cylinder
b) Electronic Balance
c) Water
d) Object

Procedures :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

First fill up the empty measurement cylinder with water.


Remark the fluid volume.
Measure the weight of object.
Fill in the measurement cylinder with object.
Remark the volume of measurement cylinder with the object.

Item
Object
Volume of water
(m3)
Mass of the object
(kg)
Volume of water and
object (m3)
Volume of displaced
water (m3)
Density of the object
(kg/m3)

Water
2

Average

Result
Item
Object
Volume of water
(m3)
Mass of the object
(kg)
Volume of water and
object (m3)
Volume of displaced
water (m3)
Density of the object
(kg/m3)

1
0.0001 m3

Water
2
0.0001 m3

Average
0.0001 m3

0.02 kg

0.019 kg

0.02 kg

1.08 x 10-4

1.08 x 10-4

1.08 x 10-4

8 x 10-6

8 x 10-6

8 x 10-6

2500 kg/m3

2500 kg/m3

2500 kg/m3

Analysis

Average Result
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Average Result

Discussion
1. Shows the calculation of density and specific gravity for the
object.
volume of water=

100 ml
( 1000 )3
0.0001 m3

density of the object , =

m
V

0.02
6
8 10

2500 kg/m

2. Is it suitable this procedures used to determine the density of


object that can absorb the water? How to solve this problem?

CONCLUSION
Hypothesis is accepted. In the conclusion, fluid can be classified
into two categories, liquid and gas. Each fluid has their own physical
properties. The application of the fluid can be recognized or treasured
by knowing the physical properties of the fluid.