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Specifying relay testing requirements

Uttam Mishra

Doble Engineering Company

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Outline
Do

Philosophy of testing
What Features should good test equipment have?
What offering Doble has to meet this requirement?
Competitive Offerings
What makes the Doble offering the best?
Conclusions
Q/A

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10th India Doble Power Forum Conference

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Testing Philosophy

You can't do
today's job with
yesterdays
methods and be
in business
tomorrow

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Evolution
of Testing
Do

Electromechanical & Static Relay Testing Techniques


Steady state test
Dynamic on/off test
For EMS technologies, the testing philosophy was based upon proving the integrity
of the relays operating characteristic and operating time for each fault type against
the manufacturers specification.
This philosophy was verified or updated according to results from acceptance
testing / commissioning or in-service failures.
Electromechanical relays operated based on mechanics and magnetism so require
much power for testing.
It also require high compliance voltage for testing due to resistance of coil

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Evolution of Testing
Numerical Relays and PMU testing
Dynamic testing
Transient testing
End to end testing
Wide Area Measurements
Numerical relays are multifunctional. when testing a microprocessor relay element
with conventional technique, different elements inside the relay often overlapped
and we do not get expected results.
Numerical relays and PMU are microprocessor based devices so require very less
power compare to Electromechanical relay for testing.

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o instrument Requirements
Desired
DTesting

Relay test kit which can test old generation relays to modern microprocessor
based relays

Electromechanical relays
Electrostatic relays
Numerical relays
PMUs
Energy meters and transducers

Flexible Configurations
4 voltages + 4 currents minimum
6 currents for differential schemes

Enough Power to Test the Scheme


High Power is required across all test currents
Can only be achieved by switchable ranges

Reliable & Guaranteed Output Waveforms


Designed for Field Operation
Technical Support
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Technical offerings
Voltage Generator
6 voltage sources
User can select any nos of voltage out of 6 voltages
Multiple ranges 75/150/300 V automatically selected by software
Can be used for end to end testing of Main I & Main II protection
Can be converted to low level current signals for testing high
burden electromechanical relays
Convertible voltage sources can offer compliance voltage as high
as 300V. These are suitable for testing old generation electromechanical over current and earth fault protection relays most
efficiently and authentically.
Selective current resolution up to 100uA in convertible sources.

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Current
DGenerator

6 current sources
Multiple Current range 8.75/17.5/35A
Constant compliance voltage for a selected current range.
Enhanced rating having highest current capability in one
instrument.
All sources can be parallel for higher output

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F6000: Power Output vs. Current

175

Output power

150
125
100
75
50
0
0

10

20

35

Output current

Compliance Voltage = 20 Volts


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F6000:
DoPower Output vs. Current
17.5 A Range: 175 VA

175

Output power

150
125
100
75
50
0
0

10

20

35

Output current

Compliance Voltage = 10 Volts


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F6000: Power Output vs. Current


35 A Range: 175 VA
175

Output power

150
125
100
75
50
0
0

10

20

35

Output current

Compliance Voltage = 5 Volts


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Doble
Do
Benefits

Single box solution for complete scheme testing


No need to get confused about selecting suitable model for
your versatile needs.
Modular design which saves repairing time and cost.
Output of amplifiers are independent of input supply
variations due to back to back amplifier design.
Easy to upgrade design. The interfaces like IEC61850,
Meters and transducer or GPS etc. can be activated by just
upgrading the firmware. The users can do it independently.
Flexible Software to test your way
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144

Continue.
All specifications are for worst case operating condition
Source ratings independent of power factor of load
Source ratings independent of dynamic changes in load
characteristics
Sources independent of each other
Sources have AC/DC output
Rugged Design intended for field use
Most power in a single instrument
Repair and Calibration available in the region
12 sources simultaneously
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o from Customer
Common
DQueries

Burden Capacity: More than 400VA


Compliance Voltage
Voltage Generator: 4X 300V
Self Calibration
Design & Size

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145

Doble Solutions
Burden Capacity & Compliance Voltage:
High burden capacity and compliance voltage needed for testing
of electromechanical relay at low plug setting.
Doble Power System Simulator has two current generator option
Right bank current generators which is able to test all
numerical, static and low impedance electro-mechanical
relay.
Left bank V/I generators which is able to supply high
compliance voltage and low level current for high impedance
electro-mechanical relay testing.
Compliance voltage up to 300 V can be supplied by F6150
which is highest in available instruments.
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Competitive
Do Analysis

Suppose VA per phase of XX


instrument is 1000VA and highest
current is 30 A.
compliance voltage
= VA Capacity/ Max Current
= 1000 VA/ 30 A
= 33.33 V
Out put power at 0.2 A
= compliance voltage X current
= 33.33 X 0.2
= 6.66 VA

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10th India Doble Power Forum Conference

Current

XX Instrument

Doble Power
Simulator

Output
power

Compliance Output
voltage
power

Compliance
voltage

0.2 A

6.8 VA

34 V

60 VA

300V

0.4 A

13.6 VA

34V

120 VA

300 V

0.6 A

20.4 VA

34V

90 VA

150 V

0.8A

27.2 VA

34V

120 VA

150 V

1.0 A

34 VA

34V

150 VA

150 V

16

146

F6000: Power Output vs. Current

175

Output power

150
125

125 VA

100
75
50

50 VA

0
0

10
Output current

20

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Competitive
Do Analysis

Voltage Source: 4X 300 V at 85 VA


Doble offers 6 X 150 V at 75 VA or 3X300V at 150VA
Standard PT Secondary L-N voltage is 63.5V
So 150 V is approx 240 % of standard PT voltage which is
sufficient for all relay testing requirements
Generally 3 voltage sources used for testing
if only 3 voltage sources are used then output power is 150VA of
each source which is highest in available instruments.
6 voltage sources used for simultaneously Main I and Main II
protection scheme in end to end testing

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147

Competitive Analysis
Self Caliberation:
The philosophy of calibration needs an external standard
reference so the need of self calibration does not apply.
Doble F6150SV provides inbuilt checks that inform if there is any
internal measurement error.
Doble provides F6080 as an additional hardware option for
calibration verification.
It is recommended to utilize services from the Doble service
center that has calibration facility.
Size and Design:
Size is slightly big due to Modular design but it reduces repairing cost and time
Back amplifier design
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New
Products
Do

F6150 SV Power System Simulator

Enhanced power model of F6150


Compliant to IEC 61850 Station bus and Process bus testing
Compliant for PMU Testing
Can operated through WiFi, USB and Ethernet communication
Highest current capacity in single instrument

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148

F6051 IRIG-B to GPS Converter

Provide reliable time synchronization from


existing Station Satellite clock sources
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o to GPS Converter
F6051
IRIG-B
D

The F6051 converts modulated or


demodulated IRIG-B signals to GPS,
allowing you to have synchronized signals
for the F6150.
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149

F6051 IRIG-B to GPS Converter


For interior use
If you are unable to run a satellite antenna cable outside because
doors and window cannot be opened for prolong periods

End-to-end testing
Ideal for end-to-end testing in locations where an IRIG-B source
is available

Phasor measurement units


Useful for testing of PMUs per IEEE standard C37.118

IEC61850 compliant testing


Capable of IEC compliant testing where time stamped
requirements are a must for Goose and Sampled Values
message monitoring and evaluation.
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New
Softwares
Do

F6Test 3.10.2
Compliant for Sampled value ( IEC 61850 Process Bus Testing)
Support for enhanced current amplifier ranges with F6150sv
instruments
Additional relay models have been added to the impedance relay
and differential relay library.
full Windows 7 compatibility

Protection Suite 2.1


One software for complete Steady state, Transient and Dynamic
Testing of relays
Compliant for PMU Testing
Compliant for meter and transducer Interface
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150

Why Doble Engineering?


Protection Test Instruments Sold in more than 110
countries Worldwide
Why?
Quality
Support Conferences & Applications
Creating equipment that meets requirements & exceed
expectations
Reputation The Industry Standard
Continuous improvement with change in technology
Leader in diagnostic test instruments

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o
Doble
Support
D

DSA Membership

Upto 1960 Doble conference online data access


Conference and user group meetings
Ask doble for solution of technical queries from Doble experts
Doble instrument class room training at training center, Vadodara
Training at client location

Repairing and calibration at repairing center at Vadodara


Support on email and phone for technical and instrument
operating problems.

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151

Continuous Improvement

We are ALWAYS working to IMPROVE


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Thank-you
Dofor Listening

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