Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 74

CAESAR II

Quick Reference Guide

Version 2014, Service Pack 1 (7.00.01)

October 2014
DICAS-PE-200103E

Copyright
Copyright 1985-2014 Intergraph CAS, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Intergraph is part of Hexagon.
Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains
confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and
international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.
Contains RealDWG by Autodesk, Inc. Copyright 1998-2013 Autodesk, Inc. All rights reserved.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend


Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was
developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with
subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal
Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the
United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS
252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3.
Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States.
Intergraph Corporation
300 Intergraph Way
Huntsville, AL 35813

Documentation
Documentation shall mean, whether in electronic or printed form, User's Guides, Installation Guides, Reference Guides,
Administrator's Guides, Customization Guides, Programmer's Guides, Configuration Guides and Help Guides delivered with a
particular software product.

Other Documentation
Other Documentation shall mean, whether in electronic or printed form and delivered with software or on Intergraph Smart Support,
SharePoint, or box.net, any documentation related to work processes, workflows, and best practices that is provided by Intergraph
as guidance for using a software product.

Terms of Use
a.

Use of a software product and Documentation is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with the
software product unless the Licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the
Licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take
precedence and govern the use of this software product and Documentation. Subject to the terms contained within the
applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives Licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the
Documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for Licensee's internal,
non-commercial use. The Documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

b.

For use of Documentation or Other Documentation where end user does not receive a EULA or does not have a valid license
agreement with Intergraph, Intergraph grants the Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the Documentation or Other
Documentation for Licensees internal non-commercial use. Intergraph Corporation gives Licensee permission to print a
reasonable number of copies of Other Documentation for Licensees internal, non-commercial. The Other Documentation may
not be printed for resale or redistribution. This license contained in this subsection b) may be terminated at any time and for any
reason by Intergraph Corporation by giving written notice to Licensee.

Disclaimer of Warranties
Except for any express warranties as may be stated in the EULA or separate license or separate terms and conditions, Intergraph
Corporation disclaims any and all express or implied warranties including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed
a modification or amendment of such disclaimer. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its
publication date.
The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable
technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document.
The software, Documentation and Other Documentation discussed in this document are furnished under a license and may be used
or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL
EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT.
Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data.
Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Limitation of Damages
IN NO EVENT WILL INTERGRAPH CORPORATION BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF USE OR PRODUCTION, LOSS OF
REVENUE OR PROFIT, LOSS OF DATA, OR CLAIMS OF THIRD PARTIES, EVEN IF INTERGRAPH CORPORATION HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL INTERGRAPH CORPORATIONS LIABILITY EXCEED THE AMOUNT THAT
INTERGRAPH CORPORATION HAS BEEN PAID BY LICENSEE UNDER THIS AGREEMENT AT THE TIME THE CLAIM IS
MADE. EXCEPT WHERE PROHIBITED BY APPLICABLE LAW, NO CLAIM, REGARDLESS OF FORM, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THIS DOCUMENT MAY BE BROUGHT BY LICENSEE MORE THAN TWO (2)
YEARS AFTER THE EVENT GIVING RISE TO THE CAUSE OF ACTION HAS OCCURRED.
IF UNDER THE LAW RULED APPLICABLE ANY PART OF THIS SECTION IS INVALID, THEN INTERGRAPH LIMITS ITS
LIABILITY TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY SAID LAW.

Export Controls
Intergraph Corporations software products and any third-party Software Products obtained from Intergraph Corporation, its
subsidiaries, or distributors (including any Documentation, Other Documentation or technical data related to these products) are
subject to the export control laws and regulations of the United States. Diversion contrary to U.S. law is prohibited. These Software
Products, and the direct product thereof, must not be exported or re-exported, directly or indirectly (including via remote access)
under the following circumstances:
a.

To Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, or Syria, or any national of these countries.

b.

To any person or entity listed on any U.S. government denial list, including but not limited to, the U.S. Department of Commerce
Denied Persons, Entities, and Unverified Lists, http://www.bis.doc.gov/complianceandenforcement/liststocheck.htm, the U.S.
Department of Treasury Specially Designated Nationals List, http://www.treas.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/, and the U.S.
Department of State Debarred List, http://www.pmddtc.state.gov/compliance/debar.html.

c.

To any entity when Licensee knows, or has reason to know, the end use of the Software Product is related to the design,
development, production, or use of missiles, chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons, or other un-safeguarded or sensitive
nuclear uses.

d.

To any entity when Licensee knows, or has reason to know, that an illegal reshipment will take place.

Any questions regarding export or re-export of these Software Products should be addressed to Intergraph Corporations Export
Compliance Department, Huntsville, Alabama 35894, USA.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, Intergraph Smart, PDS, SmartPlant, SmartMarine, FrameWorks, I-Sketch, IntelliShip, ISOGEN,
SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, and SupportModeler are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph
Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation. MicroStation is a registered trademark of Bentley Systems, Inc. Other brands and product names are
trademarks of their respective owners.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Contents
What's New in CAESAR II ........................................................................................................................... 7
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Software and Hardware Requirements ................................................................................................. 11
Seminars ............................................................................................................................................... 12
Additional Intergraph CAS Software ..................................................................................................... 12
Licensing .................................................................................................................................................... 15
ESL Installation ..................................................................................................................................... 16
Install a local lock ........................................................................................................................... 16
Install a network lock ...................................................................................................................... 16
SmartPlant License Manager Installation ............................................................................................. 19
Quick Installation Workflow ............................................................................................................ 21
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) ............................................................................................... 22
Using the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility ..................................................................................... 25
Install SmartPlant License Checkout Utility .......................................................................................... 25
License Utility Checkout Dialog Box ..................................................................................................... 26
Check Out a License for CAESAR II..................................................................................................... 27
Installation .................................................................................................................................................. 29
Network Installations ...................................................................................................................... 30
Install CAESAR II .................................................................................................................................. 30
Install in Silent Mode ............................................................................................................................. 35
Troubleshoot Installation ....................................................................................................................... 36
Why do I get an error message saying CAESAR II cannot locate the configuration
file when I try to run CAESAR II? ................................................................................................... 37
Why does the CAESAR II Configuration Editor not open? Why does the
Configuration Editor not save and close?....................................................................................... 37
Technical Information ............................................................................................................................... 39
External Interfaces ................................................................................................................................ 39
Piping Codes ......................................................................................................................................... 40
Configuration Options ........................................................................................................................... 41
Computational Control .................................................................................................................... 42
Database Definitions ...................................................................................................................... 43
FRP Properties ............................................................................................................................... 44
Geometry Directives ....................................................................................................................... 45
Graphic Settings ............................................................................................................................. 45
Miscellaneous Options ................................................................................................................... 46
SIFs and STRESSES ..................................................................................................................... 47
List of Materials ..................................................................................................................................... 48
Restraints .............................................................................................................................................. 50
Intersection Types ................................................................................................................................. 51
Node Locations on Bends ..................................................................................................................... 52

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Contents
Code Stresses ............................................................................................................................................ 55
Nomenclature ........................................................................................................................................ 55
US Code Stresses ................................................................................................................................ 57
International Code Stresses .................................................................................................................. 62
CAESAR II Verification and Validation Manual ..................................................................................... 72
Index ........................................................................................................................................................... 73

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

What's New in CAESAR II


The latest CAESAR II release delivers a number of significant new and extended capabilities in
response to current market requirements, as well as direct feedback from the growing CAESAR
II user community. The following changes have been made to CAESAR II:
CAESAR II 2014, Version 7.00

Piping Code and Material Database Updates

Updated to support the 2012 Edition of the ASME B31.1 code. This work included material
property updates.

Updated to support the 2012 Edition of the ASME B31.3 code. This work included a new
equation for calculating expansion stress cases with new SIF and index values.

Updated to support the 2012 Edition of the ASME B31.8 code.

Updated the ASME B31.8 code interpretation to use either of the two combined biaxial
stress equations for restrained pipe, as referred to in Paragraph 833.4, instead of using the
maximum of the two. You can specify this using the Yield Stress Criterion configuration
setting in the SIFs and Stresses section of the Configuration Editor.

Updated to support the 2013 Edition of the ASME B31.5 code.

Updated to support the 2012 Edition of the EN 13480 code. This work included addressing
bend pressure stiffening and changes to the longitudinal pressure stress equation, among
other revisions.

Updated the Material database, as required for piping code updates.

Updated the flange rating for in-line flange checks per EN 1092-1:2013 and ANSI B16.5
2009.

Added support for ANSI 16.5 2009 metric flange ratings.

Added fatigue curves as indicated in the 2013 Edition of ASME Section VIII, Div. 2.

Extended the content for the ASME B31.3 code update and B163 to 1400F.

Modeling and User Interface

Enabled quick global property changes (such as for temperature and pressure) from the
Legend dialog box in the 3D model.

Enhanced the Distance command to measure between two points in the 3D model without
requiring the input of node numbers.

Added a new Global menu in piping input, which includes the Block commands. These
commands are also accessible through the Block Operations toolbar and the right-click
context menu from the List>Elements dialog box.

Enhanced the Structural Steel Wizard to display units for various input fields, added more
tool bar icons and enhanced input grid usability.

Addressed graphics issues.

Completed minor usability enhancements based on customer feedback.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

What's New in CAESAR II


Static and Dynamic Analysis

Revised the Static Analysis (Load Case Editor) to automatically recommend Expansion
(EXP) stress range load cases for better coverage of multiple operating conditions.

Provided an option for users to select the allowable corresponding to temperature for the
specified Occasional (OCC) load case for B31.3 jobs.

Added support for in-line flange check evaluations for MAX and ABS load case
combinations.

Interoperability

Added the ability to import multiple supports at the same location from the Import PCF or
Intergraph Smart 3D PCF interfaces.

Enhanced the hanger table for support design with LISEGA's LICAD software in the Data
Export Wizard (Export to MS Access).

Post-Processing

Added output filters for flanges so that you can identify the most overstressed flanges.

Updated to show the actual Stress Indices (I) that are used for sustained and occasional
static load cases for ASME B31.3 code.

Updated the Generate Stress Isometrics (CAESAR II Isogen module) with I-Configure
2014 (5.0).

Documentation/Help

Updated the Quick Reference Guide with dates and information for all piping code updates
made in CAESAR II 2014.

Updated the F1 help in the Static Output Processor.

Technical Changes
The following technical changes were made for this release, which may affect the numeric
results:

Added a new equation for calculating expansion stress cases with new SIF and index values
to support the 2012 Edition of the ASME B31.3 code.

Addressed bend pressure stiffening and changed the longitudinal pressure stress equation,
among other revisions to support the 2012 Edition of the EN 13480 code.

Updated the minimum wall thickness equation for ASME B31.8 Chapter VIII to consider the
longitudinal joint efficiency (using Eff input box).

Updated the ASME B31.8 code interpretation to use either of the two combined biaxial
stress equations for restrained pipe, as referred to in Paragraph 833.4, instead of using the
maximum of the two. You can specify this using the Yield Stress Criterion configuration
setting in the SIFs and Stresses section of the Configuration Editor.

Revised the calculations for SIFs in non-corroded conditions when the CODETI piping code
is selected, based on clarification from French Code Committee.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

What's New in CAESAR II

Revised the Static Analysis (Load Case Editor) to automatically recommend Expansion
(EXP) stress range load cases for better coverage of multiple operating conditions.

Provided an option for users to select the allowable corresponding to temperature for that
particular Occasional (OCC) load case for B31.3 jobs.

Added support for in-line flange check evaluations for MAX and ABS load case
combinations.

Resolved an issue in Structural Input where the software did not process UNIF values as
gravitational multipliers (G loads) after you added the GLOAD command into the input
stream. The software uses the gravitational multiplier (G load) value for all UNIF values when
you add the GLOAD command into the input stream.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

What's New in CAESAR II

10

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

SECTION 1

Overview
The CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide helps you quickly identify needed information, answer
common questions, and resolve common problems. You can copy it as needed.
CAESAR II is an advanced tool for designing and analyzing piping systems using input forms,
on-line help, graphics, and extensive error detection.
CAESAR II statically and dynamically analyzes large piping models, structural steel models, or
combined models. ASME, B31, WRC, and rotating equipment reports are created to provide a
complete description of piping system behavior under applied loading conditions. Additional
capabilities, such as out-of-core solvers, force spectrum analysis (for water hammer and relief
valve solutions), time history, and large rotation rod hangers provide you with the most
advanced computer-based piping program available today.
CAESAR II is continuously enhanced to add new functionality and to modify existing procedures
as piping codes are updated. For more information on the most recent changes to CAESAR II,
see What's New in CAESAR II (on page 7).

In This Section
Software and Hardware Requirements ......................................... 11
Seminars ........................................................................................ 12
Additional Intergraph CAS Software .............................................. 12

Software and Hardware Requirements


Operating System

Windows 7/8/8.1 Ultimate, Enterprise, or Professional (32-bit/64-bit)


You must enable .NET 3.5 prior to installing CAESAR II on Windows 8/8.1 machines.

Windows XP Professional with SP3 (32-bit)


Microsoft Support of this OS ends in April 2014. This operating system is tested by
Intergraph, but is not recommended.

Windows Server versions are only supported for the installation of network licensing
systems (NetHASP License Manager).

CAESAR II is a native 32-bit application that runs with Windows 64-bit.


CAESAR II does not support Windows Vista and Home versions of Windows 7/8/8.1
(i.e., Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium).

Processor

Intel Pentium IV or higher AMD Athlon (see "External Interfaces" on page 39) dual-core
processor or higher

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

11

Overview

3.0 GHz or higher

Memory

2 GB RAM or higher for Windows XP

4 GB RAM or higher for Windows 7/8/8.1

Display

Video card with at least 256 MB video RAM

Video card support for OpenGL 1.1 or later and DirectX 9.0 or later

Video card drivers updated with the latest manufacturer's drivers (Motherboard-integrated
video cards not recommended for desktop systems.)

Motherboard-integrated video cards are not recommended for desktop systems.

1280 x 1024 minimum resolution or higher with True Color

Software

Adobe Reader 8.0 or later.

Seminars
Intergraph CAS periodically offers seminars to augment your knowledge of CAESAR II and of
pipe stress analysis. The general seminar is held in our Houston office and covers five days of
statics. Twice a year, we also cover five days of statics and three days of dynamics. These
seminars emphasize the piping codes, static analysis, dynamic analysis, and problem solving.
Custom seminars held at client locations are also available. For additional seminar details,
please contact the support staff at: seminars.icas@intergraph.com.

Additional Intergraph CAS Software


CADWorx Plant is AutoCAD-based plant design/drafting software with a bi-directional data
transfer link to CAESAR II. CADWorx allows models to be created in orthographic, isometric,
2D, or 3D modes. CADWorx template specifications contain built-in auto routing, auto iso, stress
iso, auto dimensioning, complete libraries, center of gravity calculations, and bill of materials.
PV Elite is comprehensive software for the design or analysis of vertical and horizontal vessels.
Pressure vessel codes include ASME VIII-1 and VIII-2, PD: 5500, and EN-13445. PV Elite
includes CodeCalc. CodeCalc is software for the design or analysis of pressure vessel
components. CodeCalc capabilities include: analysis of tubesheets, rectangular vessels,
flanges, nozzles; Zick Analysis; and standard internal/external thickness and pressure
calculations on heads, shells, and cones. API 579 calculations are also included.
PV Fabricator automates the production of pressure vessel fabrication deliverables. When
linked to PV Elite, PV Fabricator improves the workflow and reduces errors.

12

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Overview
TANK is software for the design or rerating of API-650/653 storage tanks. The program includes
API 650 Appendices A, E, F, M, P, R, S, and V, and API 653 Appendix B. Calculations address
winds girders, conical roof design, allowed fluid heights, and remaining corrosion allowance.
For the latest support information for this product:
Technical Support
Email:

ppmcrm@intergraph.com
(mailto:ppmcrm@intergraph.com?subject=I
CAS Support Request)

ICAS Dealer
Support:

http://www.coade.com/Support/Dealers.sht
ml
http://www.coade.com/Support/Dealers.sht
ml

Phone:

1-800-766-7701

Fax:

281-890-3301

Web Sites:

http://www.coade.com
(http://www.coade.com)
http://www.intergraph.com/ppm/analysis.as
px
(http://www.intergraph.com/ppm/analysis.a
spx)

Address:

Intergraph CAS
7840 N. Sam Houston Pkwy. W.
Suite 100
Houston, TX 77064

Sales Email:

sales.icas@intergraph.com

Knowledge-Based
Articles/Tutorials
(US & Canada
only):

https://smartsupport.intergraph.com

Send documentation comments or suggestions to PPMdoc@intergraph.com


(mailto:PPOdoc@ingr.com?subject=Documentation Comments).

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

13

Overview

14

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

SECTION 2

Licensing
CAESAR II supports three types of licensing:

Local External Software Lock (ESL) - Hardware-based licensing using a green USB
dongle. A local ESL can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and
laptops).

Network External Software Lock (ESL) - Hardware-based licensing using a red USB
dongle. A network ESL is installed on a computer that is network accessible from the
computer, or multiple computers, running CAESAR II.

License Manager - Software-based licensing using SmartPlant License Manager (SPLM).


For more information, see SmartPlant License Manager Installation (on page 19). Refer to
the SmartPlant License Manager documentation for complete installation and configuration
instructions.

External Software Lock (ESL) Keys


The External Software Lock (ESL) is the security protection method used by Intergraph The
software cannot execute unless an appropriate ESL (green or red USB key) is connected locally
to the computer, or to another computer in the network (red USB key).
The ESL contains the CAESAR II licensing data, and other client-specific information. This
information includes the client company name and user ID number. Additional data may be
stored on the ESL depending on the specific program and the specific client.
There are two different ESL types, local and network. Both types of ESLs are intended to be
attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The appropriate ESL(s) are shipped with
your product according to the licensing type purchase.

Local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software in that they can be moved
between computers (for example, between desktops and laptops).

Network ESLs must be attached to a computer on the network, either a computer or the
server. In order for the network to respond to software requests for the ESL, the NetHASP
License Manager utility must also be running on the computer where the network ESL is
attached.

The HASP drivers for ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the
CAESAR II program directory. The documentation files in this sub-directory contain instructions
for a variety of networks and operating systems. Note that there are periodic updates to these
ESL drivers and they can be downloaded from the Intergraph Smart Support
(https://smartsupport.intergraph.com) website.
Do not connect two locks to the same computer. The software finds the first lock and
returns its code. For example, you have a lock for CAESAR II and CADWorx and plug both into
the same computer. You start CAESAR II, but the software might find the CADWorx lock first
and return an error. If the same computer is going to run more than one Intergraph product, then
contact Intergraph CAS by sending an email to icaslicenserequests@intergraph.com to request
that both products be licensed from the same lock.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

15

Licensing

ESL Installation
The following topics explain how to install the different hardware locks supported by CAESAR II.

What do you want to do?

Install a local lock (on page 16)

Install a network lock (on page 16)

Install a local lock


1. Open Windows Explorer.
2. If you are installing CAESAR II, PV Elite, or TANK, navigate to c:\Program Files\Intergraph
CAS\Product\Assidrv and double-click HASPUserSetup.exe.
-ORIf you are installing CADWorx, navigate to c:\CADWorx Version\Product\Assidrv and
double-click HaspHLDriverSetup.exe
3. Follow the on-screen instructions to install the driver.

Install a network lock


The following list details general information about red network ESLs.

16

The red network ESL should be set up by a Network Administrator or someone familiar with
Windows-based networks. If you are not familiar with concepts such as network protocols,
broadcast, IP addresses, TCP, UDP, and Windows Services, please do not attempt to setup
the red network ESL.

The red network ESL does not have to be attached to the network server. We recommend
attaching the red network ESL to a computer that is always up and running, can be
re-booted without impact to users, and is not the primary computer for any user on the
network.

If you install an Intergraph CAS product on a network drive for multiple users to access,
assign read/write privileges for all users to the [Product Folder]\System folder. Intergraph
CAS applications write temporary files to the [Product Folder]\System folder that pertains to
the installation. The [Product Folder]\System folder also needs to have read/write privileges
for all users.

If you are using other network protocols, such as NetBIOS or IPX, check the SafeNet web
site for instructions. The only protocol tested with Intergraph CAS products is TCP/IP.

The information provided in CAESAR II Help file is a supplement to the NetHasp User's
Guide, which is delivered as a PDF(_NETHASP.pdf) in Assidrv folder. Review the PDF file
for any issues not addressed in the Help file.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Licensing

Notes on Network ESLs


A network ESL has advantages and disadvantages. One big advantage is that many client
computers can access the software from a single server. Additional points for consideration are
listed below.

Depending on the number of licenses allowed by the network ESL, some users may receive
error messages when attempting to access the software. For example, if the ESL has been
configured to allow four simultaneous users, an error message stating that no licenses are
available when the fifth user attempts to access the software. Consequently, the fifth user is
not able to access the software until one of the first four users exits the software and
releases a license.

Because of the communication procedures between the client computer and the file server,
memory access to the network ESL is much slower than to a local ESL. This access time
delay only occurs when the software is first started after installation.

Because there is no network specific version of the software, the software looks first for a
local ESL, and then for a network ESL. This allows both a network ESL and several local
ESLs to be used on the same system. This transparent ESL access procedure allows a
single version of the software to be used on the network and on remote computers.

We recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the required licenses be assigned to a network


ESL, with the remaining 20 to 30 percent assigned to local ESLs. This enables the local ESL
to be moved between computers. If all of the licenses are on the network ESL, a user must
be logged into the network to access the software. As such, a few local ESLs provide much
greater operating flexibility.

NetHASP License Manager / NETHASP.INI Instructions


You must have Administrator privileges to perform the following procedure.
1. Attach the red network hardware lock to the parallel port or USB port of the computer.
2. On the computer where the hardware lock is attached, navigate to the [Product
Folder]\Assidrv folder and double click Lmsetup.exe. Follow the on-screen instructions to
install the NetHASP License Manager as a service.
3. The NetHasp License Manager starts automatically each time you re-boot the computer.
This occurs because the NetHasp License Manager is set up as a startup service inside
Windows XP/Vista/7. To verify that the service is running, click Start > Control Manager >
Administrative Services, and then double-click Services. In the Services dialog box,
locate HASP Loader in the Name list. The HASP Loader Service starts even if no one logs
into the computer.
4. Determine what protocols the NetHasp License Manager is listening to. The NetHasp
License Manager displays a message similar to those list below:
Server is listening to IPX : Loaded
Server is listening to TCP/IP : Loaded
Server is listening to NetBIOS : Loaded
Loaded means that this protocol is active on the computer.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

17

Licensing
5. Open the Activity Log menu. This displays the activity log that confirms which protocols are
loaded. Do not be alarmed if the activity log reports that the NHSRV.ini file is not found.
6. Use the box in the top-left corner of the activity log to display only the information specific to
each protocol. Open the activity log for the protocol you want to use, and verify that it
contains no error messages.
7. For TCP/IP protocol, the activity log should report something similar to the following:
Server IP address: 111.111.111.111
Server Host Name: PDC_NT01
8. To speed up response time to the network key, use the Remove menu to unload any
protocols that you are not planning to use with the NetHasp License Manager.

Modify NetHASP.ini for TCP/IP Protocol


If you still cannot access the network ESL you need to configure this NetHASP.ini
file. You must know the IP address of the computer where the red network hardware lock is
attached. All lines with a semi-colon at the start are considered not used.
1. Modify the NetHASP.ini file, located at in the [Product Folder]\Assidrv folder under
[NH_COMMON], as follows:
a. NH_TCPIP = Enabled
AND under [NH_TCPIP]
b. NH_SERVER_ADDR = 111.111.111.111
c.

NH_USE_BROADCAST = Disabled

You may also have to modify other entries in the [NH_TCPIP] section depending on
your network setup. The most common entry to modify is NH_TCPIP_METHOD.
2. Copy the NetHASP.ini file to the AutoCAD folder.
Example: C:\Program Files\AutoCAD
Example: C:\Program Files\Autodesk\AutoCAD
3. For CADWorx Design, copy the NetHASP.ini file to the [Product Folder]\Intergraph
CAS\CADWorx Design folder.
4. Start CAESAR II.

Troubleshooting Network Locks


1. Verify that the NetHasp License Manager is running on the computer where the red network
ESL is attached.
2. Verify the protocols that NetHasp License Manager is broadcasting. Make sure that these
protocols are installed on the client computers.
3. Install and run the Monitor Utility. This file, NetHASPMonitorSetup.exe, is located in the
[Product Folder] Assidrv folder. If NetHASP Monitor cannot find the red network ESL, then
CAESAR II cannot find the red network ESL.

18

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Licensing

SmartPlant License Manager Installation


Before beginning the product installation, refer to the delivered SmartPlant License Manager
readme file for the latest product installation updates. The readme file is delivered in the top
level product folder of the product media. Be sure you have the latest version of the SmartPlant
License Manager software before beginning the installation. If you do not have the latest version
of the software, you can install it using http://ppmapps.intergraph.com/elicense
(http://ppmapps.intergraph.com/elicense).
SmartPlant License Manager 2010 (v11) can be upgraded to SmartPlant License
Manager 2012 (v12). Any existing license key will be invalidated after the upgrade to SmartPlant
License Manager 2012 (v12). You will also need to generate a new computer ID and request a
new key. If you upgrade the SmartPlant License Manager 2010 (v11) license computer to a
SmartPlant License Manager 2012 (v12) client by mistake, you will have to un-install the
SmartPlant License Manager client and reinstall SmartPlant License Manager 2012 (v12)
license computer.

Hardware Configurations
The SmartPlant License Manager licensing computer software should be installed on a stable,
single node, hardware configuration (such as a simple PC), with a static IP address, because
license key installation and license seat usage authentication depends on the information
gathered from the physical hardware. Any automated changes that cause the hardware
information not to match with the information used to generate the license key will result in a
failure of the authentication process.
Virtual (including VMware), shadowed, mirrored, dynamic, or distributed hardware
configurations cannot be used as a SmartPlant License Manager licensing computer. This
includes terminal (application) servers, networked and distributed storage management
systems, and so forth. When these specialized systems occur in the user's network, the
SmartPlant License Manager Server licensing computer should be installed on a separate
dedicated hardware configuration system. The SmartPlant License Manager licensing computer
should be situated on the user's network where it can be accessed by all systems that are
running application software that relies on the SmartPlant License Manager licensing computer
for license management.
Multiple SmartPlant License Manager licensing computers can be used in the user's network as
long as each system is a unique hardware system/installation. If SmartPlant License Manager
licensing computers are cloned after the license key has been installed, then the license
management will fail on the cloned system. Each SmartPlant License Manager licensing
computer requires its own unique license key.

RAID (redundant array of independent disks) and SAN (storage area networks) are not
supported on a SmartPlant License Manager license computer.

The license computer must have the same version (or later) of SmartPlant License Manager
installed as any client computers. In other words, you cannot use a newer version on a client
computer to retrieve a license from an older version of SmartPlant License Manager on the
licensing computer. The license computer must have the same version (or a newer version)
installed than the clients.
You must log in as Administrator to install this software.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

19

Licensing
1. Insert the Intergraph SmartPlant License Manager media. If the media does not start
automatically, double-click Setup.exe in the root folder of the media.
During SmartPlant License Manager installation automatically turns on a product
usage log file in C:\Win32App\Ingr\SPLM\bin\loggingfileV12.txt. You can
change this location and name of this file as it can grow to be a large file. If you stop and
restart logging, you need to define the output location.
This file can grow very large and users can redefine the location and name of this file.
2. Select SmartPlant License Manager Installation.
3. Click Next on the Welcome to the InstallShield
4.

Wizard for SmartPlant License Manager page.

5. Enter your name and company name in the User Name and Company Name fields on the
Customer Information page. Click Next.
6. On the Software License Agreement page, select your country from the list and click
Display to view the license agreement.
The license agreement is delivered as a PDF file.
7. Carefully read the license agreement. Close the PDF document, and click Yes on the
License Agreement page to accept the terms.
8. Select either License Client or License Machine.
9. On the Choose Destination Location page, click Next to install SmartPlant License
Manager in the default location. If you want to install the software in another location, click
Change and select the new location.
It is recommended that you install SmartPlant License Manager using a path that
contains no spaces, such as c:\win32app\Ingr (the default path).
10. Click Install on the Ready to Install the Program page. A status bar displays the progress
of the installation on the Status Setup page.
11. Click Finish on the InstallShield Wizard Complete page to complete installation of
SmartPlant License Manager.
Do not delete any files that are created during installation or as a result of using
SmartPlant License Manager. Removal of any files causes the license system to fail and
can require install, repair, or possibly removal and re-install of SmartPlant License Manager.
12. Add pdlice.exe to both the license computer and the client computer after installing of
SPLM. You may need to remove pdlice.exe and re-add it if you uninstall and reinstall
SPLM to upgrade SPLM from previous version to a current version. Otherwise, you may
receive a Connection timed out error message when you start your application. You may
also see the same error in your scavenging log file.

Silent Mode and SmartPlant License Manager Installation

20

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Licensing

Quick Installation Workflow


Use this workflow for all products that require SmartPlant License Manager concurrent licensing.
The System Administrator completes or gives guidance about most of these steps. Administrator
rights are required to install and setup SmartPlant License Manager. If you need more
information, follow the detailed procedures in the other sections. For more information, refer to
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), Functions of SmartPlant License Manager, and
Troubleshooting and Error Messages.
Please refer to the delivered SmartPlant License Manager Readme for all the latest
product installation updates.
1. Designate a computer as the SmartPlant License Manager license computer. This computer
must be on the network and have a name with no spaces and a static IP address.
2. Install SmartPlant License Manager on the license computer and generate a computer ID.
3. Request a license key from the Intergraph Order Desk or generate a license key using
eLicense.
4. Click Start > Programs > Intergraph SmartPlant License Manager > SmartPlant
License Manager.
5. Click Install and Remove and Install License Key commands.
6. Click License Machine and enter the license key you received. If the license key installs
correctly, SmartPlant License Manager software automatically closes.
7. Next, install SmartPlant License Manager on each client computer.
8. Click Start > Programs > Intergraph SmartPlant License Manager > SmartPlant
License Manager.
9. Click Configure and Test and Select License Machine for Client.
10. Enter the SmartPlant License Manager computer name. Exit SmartPlant License Manager.
11. Install the software that requires licensing. For example, SmartPlant Review, PDS or
SmartPlant P&ID. Use that product's installation and configuration guides to install each
product.
12. Use the Test Seat Reservation and Test Seat Release commands to ensure that
communication is working between the license computer and the client. Successful
messages show appropriate communication.
13. Click Test Seat Reservation. Select the license computer name and Batch or Interactive
mode. Note the seat number in the SmartPlant License Manager Information dialog box to
enter.
14. Click Test Seat Release and enter the seat designated in the SmartPlant License Manager
Information dialog box.
15. Start the software product that requires SmartPlant License Manager licensing.
16. For information about firewalls, please refer to Appendix E: Microsoft Windows Firewall
and SmartPlant License Manager.

See Also
General Topics FAQ (on page 23)

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

21

Licensing

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


Refer to the SmartPlant License Manager FAQ on the web in the Intergraph Smart Support
system for the most current FAQ. It is continually updated. Click
https://smartsupport.intergraph.com (https://smartsupport.intergraph.com) and select Services >
Download Software Updates > Products > SPLM.
Will providing the Machine ID make my computer less secure?
No. The Machine ID allows the license manager to uniquely identify your computer from a
collection of hardware and software identifiers without explicitly publishing your computer's
TCPIP address. Because the computer identifier cannot be used like a TCPIP address, it is
actually more secure than publishing your computer's TCPIP address.
Where can I find SmartPlant License Manager and other products to download?
SmartPlant License Manager is available from the following web page:
Intergraph Smart Support Online (https://smartsupport.intergraph.com)
Select Services > Download Software Updates > Products > SPLM.
You do not need a serial number to install SmartPlant License Manager.
Can I divide the licenses for one LAN into several license computers for the purpose of
managing project access, for example, or as coverage in the event that my license
computer goes down?
Yes, you can divide the licenses.
What happens if I install the new license key prior to expiration of the old license key?
The new license will overwrite the existing key independent of the expiration date.
Is my existing key still running if I regenerate the Machine ID?
Yes, but you will not be able to reinstall the old key. You will need to request a new key for
the new machine identifier.

See Also
Purchasing Licenses FAQ (on page 22)
General Topics FAQ (on page 23)
PDS, FrameWorks Plus, and ISOGEN FAQ

Purchasing Licenses FAQ


Do I have to request a software upgrade from my local office before requesting a license?
No, you can request licenses without upgrading the software. If you are upgrading software,
you must request the upgrade before you request licenses. A license request does not
include a software upgrade and a software upgrade does not include a license request.

See Also
General Topics FAQ (on page 23)

22

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Licensing

General Topics FAQ


What is a license machine?
The license machine is the computer where the license key is loaded; it can be a standard
computer or a server. The license key tells the license machine how many licenses it can
issue. Clients of a license machine are computers where SmartPlant License Manager is
installed and pointing to the license machine. The computer where you start the software
(for example, PDS or SmartPlant P&ID) asks the license machine for a license. If a license
is available, the license machine provides it. If all licenses are in use, the client is not
granted a license.
How can I tell what version of SPLM was used in the Machine ID or license key file?
Please check the starting number in your Machine ID or license key. See the table below.
Version

Machine ID starts with

License key starts with

2012 (v12)

2010 (v11)

2008 (v10)

Do I have to have one license computer for each LAN?


No, your configuration is entirely up to you. A persistent network connection is required if
you want to connect to a license server that belongs to a different LAN.
Can I make an educated guess at my installation date?
Yes. Intergraph provides a key within 48 hours of receipt of your request (via mail or phone).
Please ensure that the date you request is the actual date that you install the key, making
sure that all necessary software is available and loaded before that date. We request that
you notify us as early as possible.
What happens if my license machine goes down?
You are unable to check out licenses from this machine until it is back in use. Processes
that already have licenses checked out are not affected by the fact that the license computer
is unavailable.
It is possible in critical situations to request emergency licenses from Intergraph. They are
installed on the client computer rather than a licensing machine. Contact Intergraph Support
at 1-800-766-7701 or your local Intergraph office for more information.
What happens if the license machine is rebooted in the middle of my design session?
Nothing. Licensing does not depend on maintaining a continuous communication link to the
license computer.
What happens if my local computer goes down after I've obtained a license?
If the scavenger cannot contact the client computer during scavenging, the license is
marked for a 16-hour hold before it is released. The scavenger periodically advances this
16-hour timer for each license. It is important to schedule the scavenger to run regularly, at

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

23

Licensing
least every hour or two. If the client is in contact sooner, the hold is voided and normal
scavenging takes over.
I am running out of licenses earlier than I believe I should be. How can I troubleshoot to
understand what is happening?
Have your users click Scavenge for Keys on the Scavenge Options dialog box or you can
type pdlice -n in a Command Prompt window.
If you think that client nodes are improperly holding onto licenses, examine the results of the
pdlice -M command. This shows you which client nodes have licenses checked out. If a
client computer has no plant design-related activity and it is still holding licenses, rebooting
that client and then scavenging from the license computer may free some licenses.
If possible, find out what was processing when the job stopped. This information can help
you and/or Intergraph determine the underlying cause of the termination. Save the output of
any scavenging process that returns a license. This information provides the reasons why
the license was returned. The output of the scavenger includes the following information:
nodename, product tag, batch mode (Yes/No), process ID, and checkout time.
What do I type to see the number of licenses?
Click Show Key Status from the Display Options dialog box to show the status of your
keys.
How can I tell who is using a license?
Click Display Status of Reserved License on the Display Options dialog box or in the
license log file.
We installed a key for three licenses, but we can operate only two licenses at the same
time. Why?
There can be several reasons.
Click Display Status of Reserved License on the Display Options dialog box to
determine the number of licenses that your key contains.
Click Scavenge for Keys on the Scavenge Options dialog box to scavenge for the third
license that you are unable to use.
Verify that clients and servers can telnet to each other. Look for anomalies such as two
nodes on the network with the same name or the reuse of an old name for a new computer,
but with some traces of the old computer still existing in files on the network.
When an application is on a computer that is disconnected from the network without
exiting the product, how long is the license held?
16 hours.
How long would a daily license last?
Daily license expires after 12 hours.

See Also
Purchasing Licenses FAQ (on page 22)

24

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Using the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility

Using the SmartPlant License Checkout


Utility
The SmartPlant License Checkout utility (License Checkout Utility.exe) allows you to obtain
licenses for Intergraph ICAS products for use on a non-networked computer (for example, a
remote laptop). Using this utility allows you to run ICAS products without a network connection
to the license machine. Each user on a server can check out a license from that server.
When you check out a license, the license and expiration information are stored on your local
machine, separate from other license and expiration information. A license is available only for
the user that checks out the license. Each time you start the product during the checkout period,
a message displays the expiration date for the checked out license.
When the checkout period for the license expires, the ICAS product attempts to request a
license using SmartPlant License Manager the next time you start the product. For example,
after the license expires at 11:59 PM on the expiration date, the next time you start the product,
it attempts to access the SmartPlant License Manager license machine for base and module
licenses prior to running.

You must install and configure SmartPlant License Manager before checking out a license.

You must have administrator privileges to setup and install the utility.

Install SmartPlant License Checkout Utility


Do not uninstall the version of the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility that is
currently on your system if you (a) are installing a new product that includes SmartPlant License
Checkout Utility v11, or (b) have other applications such as SmartPlant Review or SmartSketch
loaded on your machine.
The older version of the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility is needed to work with your
currently-loaded application(s). Refer to the compatibility matrix chart on ecustomer for
information on application versions and their required version of the SmartPlant License
Checkout Utility.

Install the Utility


1. Insert the product disc. If the installation does not start automatically, double-click setup.exe
in the main folder.
For ICAS products, locate the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility installation
program in the Other Installs folder of the product DVD.
2. Click SmartPlant License Checkout Utility Installation.
3. Type your name and company name.
4. Verify your name and company name, and then click Next.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

25

Using the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility


5. Click Display to read and accept the license agreement, and then click Yes.
You must have a PDF reader to view the license agreement.
6. Specify the destination folder.
7. Review your settings, and then click Next.
8. Click Install to start the installation process.
9. Click Finish.

You can uninstall the License Checkout utility at any time, even if you are currently running
a product in remote license mode.

If you installed the latest version of the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility (v11), it is
installed along with the older version you have:

License Utility Checkout Dialog Box


Specifies the product for which you want to check out a license.

Options
Application Group - Displays the installed products available for license checkout. Select the
product for which you want to check out licenses.
If the Application Group list is empty, your application requires an older version of the
checkout utility. Please check your original product installation media for the compatible version
of the utility.
Available Modules - Displays any modules or add-ins available with your product. If no
modules appear in the list, either your product contains no supported modules, or no modules
have been installed. Check the box beside the module for which you want to check out a
license, and then click Check Out. If you want to check out only the base product, do not check
any of the modules.
License Expiration - Specifies the date that you want the checkout to expire. When the
checkout period for the license expires, the product returns to normal and connected license
operation using the SmartPlant License Manager the next time you start the product.

26

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Using the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility

Check Out a License for CAESAR II


Be sure that the SmartPlant License Manager (SPLM) is installed and configured on your
computer.

To check out a license for CAESAR II


1. Click Start > Programs > Intergraph SmartPlant License Checkout Utility > License
Checkout Utility.
The SPLM Checkout Utility (see "License Utility Checkout Dialog Box" on page 26)
dialog box opens.
2. In the Application Group list, select CAESAR II.
You must close the CAESAR II application when checking out a license.
3. In the Available Modules list, click the checkbox for each module you need.
CAESAR III users must check out all listed CAESAR II modules for the software to
function correctly.
4. Select an expiration from the License Expiration list, and then click Check Out.
The checkout utility searches for an available license.

You may experience a delay as the utility checks the network for available licenses.
When you open CAESAR II the status of the checkout license displays at the bottom of the
CAESAR II main window. When you are on the last day of your license checkout, the status
displays you have zero days remaining.
Once you check out a license, it cannot be checked in. If you check out three modules (four total
licenses: one base and three modules), then attempt to run the License Checkout Utility again
and select two other modules, the software displays a dialog box that notifies you that a license
is already checked out for CAESAR II and displays the expiration date for that license.
When running in remote license mode, you cannot use setup to modify the product installation
until the following conditions are met:

The checkout duration expires.

The system is working with SmartPlant License Manager in connected license mode once
again.

In other words, you cannot install or remove modules while running in remote license mode.
If CAESAR II is running in remote license mode but is unable to confirm for any reason that it is
running in that mode, CAESAR II automatically returns to connected license mode and attempts
to obtain the licenses from SmartPlant License Manager. CAESAR II notifies you if it is unable to
obtain licenses from SmartPlant License Manager.
Each time you start CAESAR II while using remote license mode, the software displays a
message informing you when the checked out licenses expire. The first time that you run
CAESAR II after the checked out licenses expire, the software displays a message informing
you that the checked out licenses have expired and that the software is reverting to the standard
connected license mode and attempting to get licenses from SmartPlant License Manager.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

27

Using the SmartPlant License Checkout Utility

28

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

SECTION 3

Installation
Prior to installing CAESAR II, verify that your computer meets the required hardware and
software requirements. For more information, see Software and Hardware Requirements (on
page 11).
The CAESAR II installation DVD contains the following options:

Install CAESAR II - Launches the main installation process, which installs CAESAR II, the
HASP drivers, and all associated documentation.

CAESAR II Information - Opens the CAESAR II Product Details page on the Intergraph
CAS web site.

Release Notes - Opens a PDF file detailing the recent changes made to this new version of
CAESAR II.

ReadMe File - Opens a text file discussing the installation steps, the system requirements,
and the DVD contents.

License Agreement - Opens an RTF file containing the CAESAR II License Agreement.

Installation Instructions - Opens the CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide, a PDF file
containing these instructions. This guide can be opened directly from the DVD without
installing the software.

HASP Network Licensing Overview - Opens a DOC file containing a summary of the
Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System.

HASP Trouble Shooting - Opens a DOC file containing troubleshooting procedures for
issues with HASP licensing.

DVD Content:

Additional Installs - Displays options for installing HASP drivers and the Autodesk
TrueView application.

Browse the DVD - Displays the DVD contents in Windows Explorer.

Additional Products - Displays additional Intergraph CAS products.

Contact Intergraph - Displays contact information for Intergraph CAS Support.

Services:

Training - Opens the CAESAR II Course Details page on the Intergraph CAS web site.

Support Forum - Opens the CAESAR II Discussion Forum on the Intergraph CAS web site.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

29

Installation

Network Installations
The installation program treats a network drive no different than a local hard drive. Specify the
target installation drive and folder, and the software will be copied and expanded accordingly.
Some networks protect installation directories from subsequent modification by users. This
involves setting the access rights to the installation folder to read, share, and scan. Because
Intergraph CAS, Inc. software uses data files specific to the installation (that is, accounting files,
material files, and so forth) that a user may need to modify, these files cannot be installed in a
typical write-protected installation folder.
Therefore, CAESAR II installs these data files in a System subfolder, located in the following
location of your root directory based on your platform.
Windows 7/Vista:
\Program Data\Intergraph CAS\CAESAR II\Version Number\System
Windows XP:
\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Intergraph CAS\CAESAR II\Version
Number\System

While the actual name of the program's installation folder can revised when you install the
software, the CAESAR II SYSTEM subfolder name is fixed as it is automatically created by
CAESAR II. If you rename the CAESAR II SYSTEM subfolder, CAESAR II fails run and
generates an error report.

Do not confuse this CAESAR II SYSTEM subfolder is not the primary, top-level SYSTEM
directory that contains the network operating system. Consult your system administrator for
further clarification.

After the software has been installed on the network drive, the installation program launches the
CAESAR II Configuration Editor, which generates a default configuration file.

In This Section
Install CAESAR II ........................................................................... 30
Install in Silent Mode ...................................................................... 35
Troubleshoot Installation ................................................................ 36

Install CAESAR II

Close all other software before running the CAESAR II installer. Most unsuccessful
installations are caused by other software running at the same time as the installer.

The installation DVD is not readable in a CD drive.

If you plan to run CAESAR II on the Windows 8 platform, you must enable .NET Framework
3.5.1 from your Control Panel prior to installing the software.

1. Insert the Intergraph CAESAR II DVD. If the DVD does not start automatically, double-click
CD_Main.html in the root folder of the DVD.

30

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Installation
The Intergraph CAS CAESAR II setup page opens in your default internet browser.

2. Click Install CAESAR II.


3. Click Next on the Welcome to the Installation Wizard for CAESAR II page.
4. On the License Agreement page, carefully read the license agreement.
5. Click I accept the terms in the license agreement, and then click Next.
6. On the Customer Information page, enter information in the User Name, Organization,
and Serial number boxes. The serial number is provided to you by Intergraph CAS.
7. Click Next to continue.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

31

Installation
The Setup Type dialog box displays.

8. Select the appropriate setup type, and click Next. In most cases, you want to select
Complete.
9. On the Destination Folder page, review the default folder path. If needed, click Change
and select the folder location. Click Next.
10. On the Select Language page, click the needed language, and then click Next.

32

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Installation
11. On the Select License Type page, select the needed license type: network ESL, local ESL,
or SPLM license. For more information, see Licensing (on page 15).

12. On the Ready to Install the Application page, click\- Install to begin installing the client
software.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

33

Installation
As the installation progresses, the status displays in a series of progress bars. The
CAESAR II Configuration Editor dialog box then displays.

13. Review the configuration options and make any needed changes.
14. Click Save and Exit
the installation.

to close the CAESAR II Configuration Editor and continue with

For more information on the configuration options, see "Configuration and


Environment" in the CAESAR II User's Guide.
15. If an ESL license type was selected, the Aladdin device driver installation begins. Click OK
on each dialog box.
16. On the InstallShield Wizard Completed page, click Show the readme file to view the
Readme.doc file.
17. Click Finish to exit the installer.
18. In the CAESAR II Installer Information dialog box, click OK to restart the computer and
complete the installation.

34

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Installation

Install in Silent Mode


You can use the Windows Installer to install and uninstall CAESAR II using a command line
instead of the normal installer interface. You can then perform an unattended installation without
dialog boxes, such as when performing a network installation or a corporate repackaging.
If you plan to run CAESAR II on the Windows 8 or 8.1 platform, you must enable .NET
3.5 from your control panel prior to installing CAESAR II.
Use the following command-line arguments and parameters with Windows Installer
(msiexec.exe) and the CAESAR II setup (setup.exe) to perform a silent installation of the
product.
1. Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt.
The Command Prompt window opens.
2. Type the drive letter where the CAESAR II DVD is located. For example, type:
E:
3. Change the path to the CAESAR II folder where Setup.exe is located on the DVD. For
example, type:
cd CAESARII_2013R1
4. Type the installation command:

For silent installation with English language and green ESL color, type:
Setup.exe /s /v"/qn INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"
SERIALNUMBER="<serial number>""

For silent installation with Red ESL color and ESL installed locally, type:
Setup.exe /s /v"/qn INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red"
ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes" SERIALNUMBER="<serial number>""

For silent installation with SPLM, type:


Setup.exe /s /v"/qn INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="SPLM"
SERIALNUMBER="<serial number>""

For silent installation with customized path, type:


Setup.exe /s /v"/qn INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="SPLM"
SERIALNUMBER="<serial number>" INSTALLDIR=\"<path>""

Arguments
/s - Hide initialization dialog for a silent install
/v - Pass MSI commands
/qn - Perform silent installation with no user interface

Parameters for Setup.exe


INSTALL_SILENT - Sets silent installation.

Yes - Installation is silent.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

35

Installation

No - Normal installation dialog boxes appear.

SERIALNUMBER - Specifies the product serial number provided to you by Intergraph CAS.
ESL_COLOR - Sets the ESL license type.

Red - Network ESL

Green - Local ESL

SPLM - SmartPlant License Manager (no ESL)

ESL_ON_MACHINE - Identifies the ESL location.


Only use this parameter when the ESL_COLOR is Red.

Yes - ESL is on the local machine.

No - ESL is on the server.

INSTALLDIR - Sets the path from which to load the installation files.

The general format of the command is:


setup.exe /s /v"/qn PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value""

For a complete list of command-line arguments for msiexec.exe, type the following in a
Command Prompt window: msiexec.exe /?

For a complete list of command-line arguments for the CAESAR II setup.exe, type the
following in a Command Prompt window: setup.exe /?
You must type this command from the drive and path in which the program setup.exe
is located.

Troubleshoot Installation
The following section details quick resolutions to CAESAR II installation issues.

36

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Installation

Why do I get an error message saying CAESAR II cannot


locate the configuration file when I try to run CAESAR II?
The Windows 8 platform installs with .NET Framework 4.0 by default. However, CAESAR II
requires .NET Framework 3.5.1 to run. From Windows 8, you can enable .NET Framework 3.5.1
through the Control Panel.
You must have an Internet connection to enable .NET from the Windows Control Panel.

To enable .NET Framework 3.5.1


1. Close CAESAR II.
2. From the Control Panel, click Programs.
3. In Programs and Features, click Turn Windows features on or off.
4. Select Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5.1 and click OK.
5. Run CAESAR II.

Why does the CAESAR II Configuration Editor not open?


Why does the Configuration Editor not save and close?
If the Configuration Editor does not open or will not save and close as it should, you should
look at your User Account Control (UAC) settings through the Windows Control Panel.
Decrease the level of your UAC notifications in the Control Panel>System and Security
settings.
Make sure that the CAESAR II system folder has read/write access for your user account.
In addition, verify that you have the system 32 path included in your Windows Environment
Variables.

To add the system 32 path to your Environment Variables


1. Close CAESAR II.
2. Right-click on Computer and select Properties>Advanced system settings.
3. From the Advanced tab, select Environment Variables.
4. Select Path in the System variables list and click Edit.
5. Add the following path to the Variable value and click OK.
c:\Windows\system32\;
6. Run CAESAR II.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

37

Installation

38

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

SECTION 4

Technical Information
The following technical information and standards are delivered in CAESAR II.

In This Section
External Interfaces ......................................................................... 39
Piping Codes ................................................................................. 40
Configuration Options .................................................................... 41
List of Materials .............................................................................. 48
Restraints ....................................................................................... 50
Intersection Types ......................................................................... 51
Node Locations on Bends.............................................................. 52

External Interfaces
Tools > External Interfaces transfers data between CAESAR II and other software packages.
The following interfaces are available:
CAESAR II Data Interfaces

Notes

CAESAR II Neutral File

Bi-directional

CAESAR II Data Matrix

Import geometry only

Data Export Wizard

MDB (Microsoft Access), TXT (Microsoft Excel


compatible), and XML

CAD Interfaces

Notes

Intergraph CADWorx Plant

Bi-directional

CADPIPE

Import CADPIPE neutral .UDE file

Intergraph Smart3D PCF

Import Intergraph Smart3D PCF file

Intergraph PDS

Import Intergraph PDS neutral .N file

PCF

Import PCF file in Alias format

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

39

Technical Information
Analysis Interfaces

Notes

LIQT

Import dynamic pipe forces from LIQT (.frc)

AFT Impulse

Import dynamic pipe forces from AFT Impulse (.frc)

PipeNet

Import dynamic pipe forces from PipeNet (.frc)

PipePlus

Import PipePlus neutral .PNF file

Flowmaster

Import dynamic pipe forces from Flowmaster (.frc)

For more information, see "External Interfaces" in the CAESAR II User's Guide.

Piping Codes
CAESAR II supports the following piping codes:

40

Code

Issuance Date

ASME B31.1-2012

June 29, 2012

ASME B31.3-2012

January 10, 2013

ASME B31.4-2006
& Chapter IX

October 20, 2006

ASME B31.5-2013

May 31, 2013

ASME B31.8-2012
& Chapter VIII

January 4, 2012

ASME B31.9-2011

May 31, 2011

ASME B31.11-2002

May 30, 2003

2007 ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel


Code, Section III (Class 2 & 3)

July 1, 2009

U.S. Navy, Section 505

1984

Canadian Z662-11 (Chapter 11)

June 2011

BS 806: 1993 (Issue 1)

September 1993

Swedish Method 1 & 2, 2nd Edition

Stockholm 1979

ASME B31.1-1967

1967

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information
Code

Issuance Date

Stoomwezen

1989

RCC-M C & RCC-M D

2007

CODETI

June 2004

TBK 5-6 - Norwegian General Rules for


Piping Systems

1999

FDBR

July 1995

BS 7159:1989

October 1989

UKOOA

1994

IGE/TD/12

2003

Det Norske Veritas (DNV)

July 1996

BS EN 13480-1:2012

July 31, 2012

GPTC Z380.1-2009

January 2009

BS PD 8010-1 & 2: 2004

July 31,2004

ISO 14692-3:2002/COR1:2005

October 6,2005

JPI

August 18, 2004

HPGSL (High Pressure Gas Safety Law) 2005

Configuration Options
Configure or Tools > Configure/Setup opens the Configuration Editor dialog box where
you set options in CAESAR II that control how analysis is performed. The options are saved in
the CAESAR.CFG file.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

41

Technical Information

Computational Control
Convergence Tolerances

Value

Internal Index #

Decomposition Singularity Tolerance

1.00e+10

50

Friction Angle Variation

15.000

48

Friction Normal Force Variation

0.150

47

Friction Slide Multiplier

1.000

46

Friction Stiffness

1.00e+6

45

Rod Increment

2.000

58

Rod Tolerance

1.000

59

42

Input Spreadsheet Defaults

Values

Internal Index #

Alpha Tolerance

0.050

33

Coefficient of Friction

0.000

140

Default Rotational Restraint Stiffness

1.00e+12

99

Default Translational Restraint


Stiffness

1.00e+12

98

Hanger Default Restraint Stiffness

1.00e+12

49

Minimum Wall Tolerance (%)

12.500

107

New Job Ambient Temperature

70

135

New Job Bourdon Pressure

None

136

Miscellaneous

Value

Internal Index #

Bend Axial Shape

True

51

Ignore Spring Hanger Stiffness

False

100

Include Insulation in Hydrotest

False

147

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information
Include Spring Hanger Stiffness in
Hanger OPE Travel Cases

False

141

Incore Numerical Check

False

60

Missing Mass ZPA

Extracted

101

Use Pressure Stiffening on Bends

Default

65

WRC-107 Interpolation Method

Last Value

120

WRC-107 Version

Mar '79 1B1/2B1 119

Database Definitions
Databases

Value

Internal Index #

Alternate CAESAR II Distributed Data Path

<none>

123

Default Spring Hanger Table

Anvil

112

Expansion Joints

FLEXPATH.JH 91
D

Load Case Template

LOAD.TPL

142

Piping Size Specification

ANSI

88

Structural Database

AISC89

70

Units File Name

ENGLISH.FIL

124

User Material Database Filename

UMAT1.UMD

150

Valve/Flange Files Location

Specs in CII,
Data in CW

149

Valves and Flanges

CADWORX.VH 90
D

ODBC Settings

Value

Internal Index #

Append re-runs to existing data

False

126

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

43

Technical Information
Enable data export to ODBC compliant databases

False

125

ODBC Database File Name

<none>

127

FRP Properties

44

Material Properties

Value

Internal Index #

Axial Modulus of Elasticity

3200000.000

113

Axial Strain: Hoop Stress (Ea/Eh*Vh/a)

0.153

115

FRP Alpha

12.000

117

FRP Density

0.060

118

FRP Laminate Type

CSM and Multi-filament

116

FRP Property Data File

CAESAR.FRP

122

Ratio Shear Modulus: Elastic Modulus

0.250

114

Settings

Value

Internal Index #

BS 7159 Pressure Stiffening

Design_Strain

121

Exclude F2 from UKOOA Bending


Stress

False

134

Use FRP Flexibilities

True

111

Use FRP Sif

True

110

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information

Geometry Directives
Bends

Values

Internal Index #

Bend Length Attachment Percent

1.000

38

Maximum Allowable Bend Angle

95.000

37

Minimum Allowable Bend Angle

5.000

36

Minimum Angle to Adjacent Bend Point

5.00

39

Input Items

Value

Internal Index #

Auto Node Number Increment

10

109

Connect Geometry Through CNodes

True

34

Horizontal Thermal Bowing Tolerance

0.0001

92

Loop Closure Tolerance

1.0000 in.

42

Z-Axis Vertical

False

129

Graphic Settings
The following are examples of default graphic color settings:
Background Colors
Bottom

Dark Gray (95, 95, 95)

Top

Gray (150,150, 150)

Component Colors
Hangers

Light Magenta (128, 0, 128)

Nozzles

Magenta (255, 0 ,255)

Pipes

Light Blue (166, 202, 240)

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

45

Technical Information
Rigids

Green (0, 255, 0)

Steel

Light Gray (192, 192, 192)

Output Colors

Displaced Shape

Olive (128, 128, 0))

Stress Level 1

Light Blue (166, 202, 240)

Stress Level 2

Light Cyan (192, 220, 192)

Stress Level 3

Green (0, 128, 0)

Stress Level 4

Yellow (255, 255, 0)

Stress Level 5

Red (255, 0, 0)

Output Colors
Annotation Text

Red (255,0,0)

Node Text

Red (255, 0, 0)

Miscellaneous Options
The following are examples of miscellaneous settings:

46

Input Items

Value

Internal Index #

Disable Undo/Redo Ability

False

128

Dynamic Example Input Text

Max

94

Output Items

Value

Internal Index #

Displacement Reports Sorted by Nodes

True

89

Output Reports by Load Case

True

87

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information
Output Table of Contents

True

105

Time History Animation

True

104

System Level Items

Value

Internal Index #

Memory Allocated (Mb)

12

User ID

<none>

SIFs and STRESSES


Advanced Settings

Value

Internal Index #

Class 1 Branch Flexibility

False

55

Use Schneider

False

63

Use WRC 329

False

62

Code-Specific Settings

Value

Internal Index #

B31.1 Reduced Z Fix

True

54

B31.1/B31.3 Verified Welding/Contour Tees

False

139

B31.3 Implement Appendix P

True

144

EN-13480/CODETI use In-Plane/Out-Plane SIF

False

133

Ignore B31.1/B31.3 Wc Factor

True

148

No Rft/Wlt in Reduced Fitting SIFs

False

53

Occasional Load Factor

0.000

41

Pressure Variation in EXP Case

Default

143

Reduced Intersection

B31.1 (Post 1980) 32

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

47

Technical Information
General Settings

Value

Internal Index #

Add F/A in Stresses

Default

67

Add Torsion in SL Stress

Default

66

All Cases Corroded

False

35

Allow User's SIF at Bend

False

52

Base Hoop Stress On

ID

57

Default Piping Code

B31.3

43

New Job Liberal Expansion Stress Allowable

True

137

Use PD/4t

False

64

Yield Stress Criterion

Max3DShear

108

Legacy Settings

Value

Internal Index #

B31.3 Use SL Formulation Para 320 (2010)

True

145

Include Axial Force in Expansion Stress

Default

146

SIF Multiplier for Sustained Stress Index

0.000

40

List of Materials
The CAESAR II Material Table contains the following isotropic materials:

Material Name

Pipe
Elastic
Poisson's Density
Modulus Ratio
lb./cu.in

Temp. Range
F

Low Carbon Steel

29.5 E6

0.292

0.28993

-325 to 1400

High Carbon Steel

29.3 E6

0.289

0.28009

-325 to 1400

Carbon Moly Steel

29.2 E6

0.289

0.28935

-325 to 1400

Low Chrome Moly Steel 29.7 E6

0.289

0.28935

-325 to 1400

Med Chrome Moly Steel 30.9 E6

0.289

0.28935

-325 to 1400

Material No.

48

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information

Material Name

Pipe
Elastic
Poisson's Density
Modulus Ratio
lb./cu.in

Temp. Range
F

Austenitic Stainless

28.3 E6

0.292

0.28930

-325 to 1400

Straight Chromium

29.2 E6

0.305

0.28010

-325 to 1400

Type 310 Stainless

28.3 E6

0.305

0.28990

-325 to 1400

Wrought Iron

29.5 E6

0.300

0.28070

-325 to 1400

10

Grey Cast Iron

13.4 E6

0.211

0.25580

70 to 1000

11

Monel 67% Ni/30% Cu

26.0 E6

0.315

0.31870

-325 to 1400

12

K-Monel

26.0 E6

0.315

0.30610

-325 to 1400

13

Copper Nickel

22.0 E6

0.330

0.33850

-325 to 1400

14

Aluminum

10.2 E6

0.330

0.10130

-325 to 600

15

Copper 99.8% Cu

16.0 E6

0.355

0.32270

70 to 400

16

Commercial Brass

17.0 E6

0.331

0.30610

-325 to 1200

17

Leaded Tin Bronze 1

14.0 E6

0.330

0.31890

-325 to 1200

18

Cut short cold spring elements

19

Cut long cold spring elements

20

CAESAR II orthotropic material model (fiberglass-reinforced plastic pipe)

Material No.

Default coefficient of expansion = 12.0 E-6 in./in./F


21

User-defined properties

100 and
above

From the Material Database and include the allowable stress and other piping
code data.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

49

Technical Information

Restraints
CAESAR II stores information on the following restraints:
Restraint Type

Abbreviation

Anchor

Translational Double Acting

X,Y, or Z

Rotational Double Acting

RX, RY, or RZ

Guide, Double Acting

GUI

Double Acting Limit Stop

LIM

Translational Double Acting Snubber XSNB, YSNB, ZSNB

50

Translational Directional

+X, -X, +Y, -Y, +Z, -Z

Rotational Directional

+RX, -RX, +RY, -RY, +RZ, -RZ

Directional Limit Stop

+LIM, -LIM

Large Rotation Rod

XROD, YROD, ZROD

Translational Double Acting Bilinear

X2, Y2, Z2

Rotational Double Acting Bilinear

RX2, RY2, RZ2

Translational Directional Bilinear

+X2, -X2, +Y2, -Y2, +Z2, -Z2

Rotational Directional Bilinear

-RX2, +RY2, - RY2, etc.

Bottom Out Spring

XSPR, YSPR, ZSPR

Directional Snubber

+XSNB, -XSNB, +YSNB, etc.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information

Intersection Types
CAESAR II uses the following intersection types:
Type
1 Reinforced

B31.3 Type

Used to lower
SIFs

Not a fitting

Modified pipe

Routine
intersection

Not a fitting

Modified pipe

Usually the
cheapest

Usually
size-on-size

Governed by
B16.9

Usually the
lowest SIF

Usually
expensive

Welded-in
Contour Insert

"Sit-in" fitting

Forged fittings on
a pipe

Branch Welded
on Fitting

"Sit-on" fitting

Forged fittings on
a pipe

Reinforced
Fabricated Tee

2 Unreinforced Unreinforced
Fabricated Tee

3 Welded Tee Welding Tee

4 Sweepolet

5 Weldolet

Notes

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Sketch

51

Technical Information
Type
6 Extruded

B31.3 Type
Extruded
Welding Tee

Notes

Seldom used

Used for thick


wall manifolds

Extruded from
straight pipe

Sketch

Node Locations on Bends


Bends are defined by the element entering the bend and the element leaving the bend. The
actual bend curvature is always physically at the TO end of the element entering the bend.

The element leaving a bend must appear immediately after the element defining (entering)
the bend.

The default bend radius is 1.5 times the pipe nominal OD.

For stress and displacement output, the TO node of the element entering the bend is
located geometrically at the FAR point on the bend. The FAR point is at the weld line of the
bend and adjacent to the straight element leaving the bend.

The NEAR point on the bend is at the weld line of the bend and adjacent to the straight
element entering the bend.

The FROM point on the element is located at the NEAR point of the bend if the total length
of the element as specified in the DX, DY and DZ fields is equal to:
Radius tan( Beta / 2 )
where Beta is the bend angle and Radius is the bend radius of curvature to the bend
centerline.

Nodes defined in the Angle # and Node # fields are placed at the given angle on the bend
curvature. The angle starts with zero degrees at the NEAR point on the bend and goes to
Beta degrees at the FAR point of the bend.

Angles are always entered in degrees.


By default, nodes on the bend curvature cannot be specified within five (5) degrees of one
another or within five degrees of the nearest end point. This and other bend settings may be
changed in the Configuration Editor. Click Configure
or Tools > Configure/Setup.
For more information, see Configuration Options (on page 41) and Geometry Directives (on
page 45).

When the FROM node on the element entering the bend is not at the bend NEAR point, a
node may be placed at the NEAR point of the bend by entering an Angle # equal to 0.0
degrees. For more information, see the graphic below.
When defining a bend element for the first time in the pipe spreadsheet, nodes are
automatically placed at the near and midpoint of the bend. The generated midpoint node
number is one less than the TO node number on the element, and the generated near point
node number is two less than the TO node number on the element. A near point should

52

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Technical Information
always be included in the model in tight, highly formed piping systems. The top-left figure
below shows the points on the bend as they would be input. The top-right figure shows the
actual geometric location of the points on the bend. The bottom-left figure shows the same
geometry except that two nodes are defined on the bend curvature at angles of zero and
forty-five degrees.

For an animated tutorial on modeling bends, click Help > Animated Tutorials in the
main CAESAR II window.

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

53

Technical Information

54

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

SECTION 5

Code Stresses
The following code stress values are supported by CAESAR II.

In This Section
Nomenclature ................................................................................ 55
US Code Stresses ......................................................................... 57
International Code Stresses .......................................................... 62
CAESAR II Verification and Validation Manual ............................. 72

Nomenclature
Use the nomenclature definitions below throughout CAESAR II unless a code section
specifically provides a different definition.
Am - Cross-sectional metal area in the pipe.
B1 - Primary stress index (component specific)
B2 - Primary stress index (component specific)
Di - Internal diameter
Dm - Mean diameter
Do - Outer diameter
dT - Change in temperature
E - Elastic modulus
f - Cyclic reduction factor
F1 - Hoop stress design factor
Fax - Axial force
FAC - A unitless factor used for a number of purposes depending on the piping code. For more
information, see the CAESAR II User's Guide.
i - Stress intensification factor
ii - In-plane stress intensification factor
io - Out-of-plane stress intensification factor
ia - Axial stress intensification factor
it -Torsional stress intensification factor
I - Sustained moment index
Ii - Sustained in-plane moment index
Io - Sustained out-of-plane moment index

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

55

Code Stresses
Ia - Sustained axial force index
It - Sustained torsional moment index
k - Occasional load factor
Ma - Resultant moment due to weight and other sustained loadings
Mb - Resultant moment due to occasional loadings
Mc - Range of resultant moments due to expansion and displacement loadings
Mi - In-plane moment
Mo - Out-of-plane moment
Pi - Internal pressure
Pe - External pressure
R - Radius of pipe or bend
Sa - Axial stress
Sb - Bending stress
Sc - Cold allowable stress (ambient or reference temperature)
Se - Equivalent stress (von Mises or Tresca)
Sh - Hot allowable stress
Shoop - Hoop stress
Sl - Longitudinal stress
Slp - Longitudinal pressure stress
Ss - Tangential shear stress
St - Torsion stress
SU - Ultimate tensile strength
Sy - Yield stress
T - Temperature derating factor
tn - Nominal wall thickness
Z - Pipe section modulus
Ze - Effective section modulus for branch
- Coefficient of thermal expansion
- Poissons ratio

56

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses

US Code Stresses
The US code-based stress equations and load case labels used by CAESAR II for actual and
allowable stresses are shown below.
The load case recommendations made by CAESAR II are usually sufficient for code
compliance. CAESAR II does not recommend occasional load cases. Occasional loads are
unknown in origin and you must specify them.

Longitudinal Pressure Stress - Slp


Slp = PDo / 4tn

Code approximation

Slp = PD2i / (Do2 - Di2)

Code exact equation,


CAESAR II Default

Operating Stress unless otherwise specified


S = Slp + Fax/Am + Sb

< N/A

B31.1
Sl = Slp + 0.75iMa/Z

< Sh

SUS

iMc/Z

< f[1.25(Sc + Sh) - Sl]

EXP

Slp + 0.75iMa / Z + 0.75iMb / Z

< kSh

OCC

< Sh

SUS

B31.3
SL = [(Ia (Slp + |Fax / Ap|) +Sb)2 + 4St2]1/2
Where:
Sb = [(liMi)2 + (loMo)2]1/2 / Z
Where:
Z is the corroded section modulus
Note: For reduced outlet connections, use Ze
instead of Z.
St = ltMt / 2Z

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

57

Code Stresses
< f [1.25(Sc + Sh) - SL]

EXP

< kSh

OCC

[B1PmaxDo / 2tn] + B2Ma / Z

< 1.5Sh

SUS

iMc/Z

< f(1.25Sc + 0.25Sh) +


Sh - Sl

EXP

B1Slpmax + B2(Ma + Mb) / Z

< 1.8Sh and < 1.5Sy

OCC

Sl = Slp + (Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< Sh

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< f[1.25Sc + 0.25Sh


+(Sh Sl)]

EXP

Slp + (Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< kSh

OCC

FAC|EdT Shoop| + Shoop

< 0.9 Sy

OPE

Buried w/soil restraints modeled


(FAC = 0.001):

Only applies to OPE case if Slp +


Fax/Am is compressive.

Fax/Am Shoop + Sb + Shoop

< 0.9 Sy

[(|iaFax/Ap| +Sb)2 + 4St2]1/2


Sb = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2 / Z
Where:
Z is the section modulus computed from
nominal dimensions (not corroded).
Note: For reduced outlet connections, use Ze
instead of Z.
St = itMt / 2Z

|IaFax/Ap| + Sb + SL
Where:
Sb is defined as for sustained conditions; however, it
uses forces and moments due only to occasional
loading.

ASME SECT III CLASS 2 & 3

B31.1 (1967) and Navy Section 505

B31.4
Fully Restrained Pipe (FAC = 1.0):

58

OPE

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
Fully Above Ground
(FAC = 0):

Only applies to OPE case if Slp +


Fax/Am is compressive.

Slp + Fax/Am + Sb + Shoop

< 0.9Sy

OPE

(Slp + Sb + Fax/Am)(1.0 FAC)

< .75(.72)Sy

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< 0.72Sy

EXP

(Slp + Sb + Fax/Am)(1.0 FAC)

< 0.8Sy

OCC

Hoop: Shoop

< F1Sy

OPE, SUS,
OCC

Longitudinal: |Slp|

< 0.8Sy

OPE, SUS,
OCC

Equivalent: Se

< 0.9Sy

OPE, SUS,
OCC

B31.4 Chapter IX

Where:
Se = 2{[(Slp Shoop)/2]2 + St2}1/2
Shoop = (Pi Pe)D/2t
Slp = Sa + Sb or Sa Sb
CAESAR II only reports the controlling stress the largest percentage of its allowable for
each load case.

B31.5
Sl = Slp + Fax/Am +Sb

< Sh

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< f[1.25(Sc + Sh) Sl]

EXP

Fax/Am + Sb + Slp

< kSh

OCC

Sb = {[(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2} / Z

B31.8
Restrained Pipe:

As defined in section
833.1

Straight Pipe:
Max(SL, SC)

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

< 0.9SyT

OPE, SUS

59

Code Stresses
SL

< 0.9SyT

OCC

SC

< SyT

OCC

All other components:


SL

< 0.9SyT

Unrestrained Pipe:

As defined in section
833.1

SL

< 0.75SyT

SE

< f[1.25(Sc + Sh)] SL

OPE, SUS,
OCC

SUS, OCC
EXP

Where:
SL = SP + Sx + SB
SP = 0.3Shoop

Restrained Pipe

SP = 0.5Shoop

Unrestrained Pipe

Sx = R / A
Straight pipe

SB = MB / Z

All other components

SB = MR / Z
MR =

[(.75iiMi)2

+(0.75ioMo)2

Mt2]1/2

MB = (Mi2 + Mo2)1/2
Sc = |Shoop SL|
or
[SL2 SLShoop + Shoop2]1/2
SE = ME / Z
ME = [(0.75iiMi)2+(0.75ioMo)2 + Mt]1/2
Where:
Sc = 0.33SUT (In the allowables)
Sh = 0.33SUT (In the allowables)

B31.8 Ch VIII

60

Hoop Stress: Shoop

< F1SyT

OPE, SUS,
OCC

Longitudinal: |SL|

< 0.8Sy

OPE, SUS,
OCC

Equivalent: Se

< 0.9Sy

OPE, SUS,

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
OCC
Where:
F1
T
Shoop = (Pi Pe)D/2t

Hoop Stress Design


Factor

Table
A842.22

Temp. Derating Factor

Table
841.116A

Se = 2{[(SL Shoop)/2]2 + Ss2}1/2


The Temperature Derating Factor (T) value must be entered in the SH field in the
CAESAR II Input.

B31.11
Fully restrained pipe (FAC = 1.0):
FAC|EdT Shoop| + Shoop
Buried w/ soil restraints (FAC = 0.001)
Fax/Am Shoop + Sb + Shoop
Fully above ground (FAC = 0.0):

< 0.9 Sy

OPE

Only applies to OPE case if in axial


compression
< 0.9Sy

OPE

Only applies to OPE case if in axial


compression

|Slp + Fax/Am| + Sb + Shoop

< 0.9Sy

OPE

(Slp + Sb + Fax/Am)(1.0 FAC)

< 0.75(.72)Sy

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< 0.75Sy

EXP

(Slp + Sb + Fax/Am)(1.0 FAC)

< 0.88Sy

OCC

Slp + 0.75iMa / Z

< Sy

OPE

Slp + Sb

< 0.75SyFt

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< 0.72Sy

EXP

GPTC

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

61

Code Stresses

International Code Stresses


The international code-based stress equations and load case labels used by CAESAR II for
actual and allowable stresses are shown below.
The load case recommendations made by CAESAR II are usually sufficient for code
compliance. CAESAR II does not recommend occasional load cases. Occasional loads are
unknown in origin and you must specify them.

Stoomwezen
Slp + 0.75iMa / Z

<f

SUS

iMC / Z

< fe

EXP

Slp + 0.75i(Ma + Mb) / Z

< 1.2f

OCC

Sl = Slp + Fax/Am + Sb

< Sh

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< f[1.25(Sl + Sh) Sl

EXP

Slp + Fax/Am + iMA / Z + iMB / Z

< kSh

OCC

CODETI

Sb = {[(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2} / Z

Alternate Method:

Config switch set to TRUE.

Sl = PDo/4t + 0.75iMA / Z

< Sh

SUS

iMC / Z

< f[1.25Sc +
0.25Sh]Eh/Ec

EXP

PDo/4t + 0.75iMA / Z + 0.75iMB / Z

< kSh

OCC

Click Configure

or Tools > Configure/Setup to select the method.

Canadian Z662
Fully restrained pipe (FAC = 1.0):
Sh - SL

< 0.9ST

OPE

This only applies if SL is negative (compression)


Where:

62

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
S = specified minimum yield strength
T = temperature factor (Table 4.4)
Sh = PDo/2tcor

hoop stress

Where:
P = design pressure
Do = outside diameter of pipe
tcor = corroded pipe wall thickness
SL = Sh - EC(T2-T1)

longitudinal stress

Where:
= Poissons ratio
EC = elastic modulus at ambient temperature
= thermal expansion coefficient
T2-T1 = temperature range between cold and hot conditions

Buried pipe with soil restraints modeled (FAC = 0.001):


Sh SL + SB

OPE

< ST

Where:
SB = iMb/Z

bending stress

Where:
i = stress intensification factor
Mb = resultant bending moment
Z = (/64)(Do4-Di4)/0.5Do
section modulus
Di = inside pipe diameter (nominal)

Fully above ground (FAC = 0.0):


|Slp+Fax/Am|+SB+Sh

< ST

OPE

< 0.72ST

EXP

< SFLT

OCC

Where:
Slp = PDi2/(Do2 Di2)

longitudinal pressure stress

Fax = axial force


Am = metal cross-sectional area

SE = (SB2 + 4St2)1/2
Where:
St = Mt/2Z torsion stress
Where:
Mt is the torsion moment
0.5Sh + Sb

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

63

Code Stresses
Where:
Sb = bending stress due to sustained and occasional loading
combined
F = design factor (0.800)
L = location factor (Table 4.2)

Canadian Z662 Ch 11
h = (Pi Pe)Do/2tmin

< SyFAT

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Seq = (h2 + Sl2 - hSl + 32)1/2

< SyFBT

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

CAESAR II reports the larger of the above two stresses


only.
Where:
Seq = Equivalent Stress (commonly referred to as Von Mises
stress)
h = hoop stress.
The hoop stress used in the equivalent stress equation
is based on nominal pipe wall thickness, but the hoop stress
used in the separate code stress comparison is based on
minimum wall thickness.
Pi = internal pressure
Pe = external hydrostatic pressure
Do = outside pipe diameter
tmin = minimum pipe wall thickness accounting for corrosion
allowance and manufacturing tolerances
Sy = specified minimum yield strength
FA = design factor (Table 11.1, Column A)
FB = design factor (Table 11.1, Column B)
T = temperature factor (Table 4.4)

Sl = ax b
longitudinal stress
Both resultant Sl values must be considered in the
equivalent stress formula and the largest resultant equivalent
stress used.
Where:
ax = (Pi - Pe)Di2 / (Do2 Di2) Fax / Am axial stress
The software subtracts the Fax / Am term if the evaluation

64

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
is being done on the From node and adds the term if the
evaluation is being performed on the To node. Retain the sign
of the term prior to adding or subtracting it.
Where:
Di = inside diameter of the pipe (not corroded)
Fax = axial force due to all operating loads
Am = metal cross sectional area
b = SIF(Mb/Z) bending stress
Where:
SIF = stress intensification factor
Mb = resultant bending moment
Z = (/64)(Do4 Di4)/Ro pipe section modulus
= Mt/2Z

torsion stress

Where:
Mt = torsion moment

Norwegian
SI = PDi2/Eff(Do2 Di2) + 0.75Ma/Z

< Sh

SUS

iMC / Z

< Sh + Sr - Sl

EXP

PmaxDi2/(Eff(Do2 Di2) + 0.75i(Ma + Mb) / Z

< 1.2Sh

OCC

Where:
Sr = min(1.25Sc + .25Sh, FrRs F2)
or
Fr(1.25R1 + 0.25R2)

The latter applies to temps > 370


C; 425 C for Austenitic stainless
steel

Fr = Cyclic Reduction Factor


Rs = Permissible stress for 7000 cycles
R1 = Min(Sc, 0.267Rm)
R2 = Min(Sh, 0.367Rm)
Rm = Ultimate tensile strength at room temp

FDBR
Sl = Slp + 0.75iMA / Z

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

< Sh

SUS

65

Code Stresses
iMC / Z

< f[1.25(Sc + Sh) Sl]

EXP

Slp + 0.75iMA / Z + 0.75iMB / Z

< kSh

OCC

(Sx2 + 4Ss2)1/2

< Sh

OPE

(S2+ 4Ss2)1/2

< EffSh

OPE

< EffSh

OPE

< 1.25Sh

OPE

BS 7159
If Sx is tensile:

If Sx is compressive:

|Sx|
Where:
Sx = PDm / 4t + [(ixiMi)2 + (ixoMo)2]1/2 / Z
Ss = Sx Fx / A
If Fx / A > PDm / 4t, and it is compressive:
S= MPDm / 2t

For Straight Pipe

S = MPDm / 2t + [(iiMi)2 +(ioMo)2]1/2 / Z

For Bends

S= MPDm / 2t + [(ixiMi)2 + (ixoMo)2]1/2 / Z

For Tees

Dm and t are always for the run pipe


Eff = E/ Exff

UKOOA
ab(f2/r) + PDm / 4t

< f1f2LTHS / 2.0

OPE

Where:
ab = Axial Bending Stress due to mechanical loads
f1 = Factor of Safety for 97.5% confidence limit, usually 0.85
f2 = System factor of safety, usually 0.67
r = a(0:1) / a(2:1)
a(0:1) = Long-term Axial Tensile Strength in absence of pressure load
a(2:1) = Long-term Axial Strength under only pressure loading
LTHS = Long-term Hydrostatic Strength (hoop stress allowable)

66

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
Det Norske Veritas (DNV)
Hoop Stress: Sh

< nsSMYS

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Hoop Stress: Sh

< nuSMTS

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Longitudinal Stress: SL

< nSMYS

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Equivalent Stress: Se

< nSMYS

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Where:
Sh = (Pi Pe)(D-t)/2t
ns = Hoop Stress Usage Factor (Tables C1 and C2)
nu = Hoop Stress Bursting Factor (Tables C1 and C2)
SMYS = Specified Minimum Yield Stress at Operating Temp.
SMTS = Specified Minimum Tensile Strength at Operating Temp.
SL = Max. Longitudinal Stress
n = Equiv. Stress Usage Factor (Table C4)
Se = [Sh2 + SL2 ShSL + 3t2]1/2

EN-13480
Pcdo/4en + 0.75iMA/Z

< kfn

SUS

Pcdo/4en + 0.75iMA/Z + iMc/Z

< fn+fa

EXP

Pcdo/4en + 0.75iMA/Z + 0.75iMB/Z

< kfn

OCC

Alternate Option:
SbA = [(iiMi)2+(ioMo)2]1/2 / Z

Due to Primary Loads

Sl = Pcdo/4en + SbA

< kfn

SUS

[Sb2 + 4St2]1/2 +Sl

< fn + fh

EXP

SbB = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2 / Z

Due to Occasional
Loads

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

67

Code Stresses
Pcdo/4en + SbA + SbB

< kfn

OCC

Sl = Slp +Fax/Am + Sb

< Sh

SUS

[Sb2 + 4St2]1/2

< f[1. 25(Sc + Sh) Sl] EXP

Fax/Am + Sb + Slp

< kSh

OCC

S1 = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2 / Z + |Fax/Am|

<S

K1P

Se = 2[(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2 + (Mt)2]1/2 / Z

< 2 Sy

K1S

HPGSL

Sb = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2 / Z

Where:
S = Minimum value of 0.6Su and 0.9Sy if material is aluminum type
= Minimum value of 0.6Suo, 0.6Su, 0.9Syo and Sy if material is austenite type
= Minimum value of 0.6Suo, 0.6Su, 0.9Syo and 0.9Sy if material is other type
Suo = Minimum tensile strength at room temperature
Sy = Yield point or 0.2% endurance strength at the design temperature
Syo = Minimum yield point or 0.2% endurance strength at room temperature

JPI
Sl = Slp + Fax/Am +Sb

< Sh

SUS

(Sb2 + 4St2)1/2

< f[1.25(Sc + Sh)


Sl]

EXP

Fax/Am + Sb + Slp

< kSh

OCC

S1 = [(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2]1/2 / Z + |Fax/Am|

<S

K1P

Se = 2[(iiMi)2 + (ioMo)2 + (Mt)2]1/2 / Z

< 2 Sy

K1S

Where:
S = Minimum value of 0.6Su and 0.9Sy if material is aluminum type
= Minimum value of 0.6Suo, 0.6Su, 0.9Syo and Sy if material is austenite type
= Minimum value of 0.6Suo, 0.6Su, 0.9Syo and 0.9Sy if material is other type
Suo = Minimum tensile strength at room temperature
Sy = Yield point or 0.2% endurance strength at the design temperature
Syo = Minimum yield point or 0.2% endurance strength at room temperature

68

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
PD8010 Part 1
Hoop Stress: Sh

< eSy

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Equivalent Stress: Se

< 0.9Sy

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Hoop Stress: Sh

< fdhSy

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Equivalent Stress: Se

< fdeSy

OPE,
SUS,
OCC

Where:
Sy = Specified min yield strength
e = Weld joint factor
Sh = P(Do2 + Di2)/(Do2 - Di2)
Se = [Sh2 + SL2 ShSL + 3St2]1/2
St = MT/2Z + 2Fs/A
MT= Torsional moment
Fs = Shear force
Unrestrained:
SL = Slp +iM/Z
Restrained:
FAC = 1.0 (fully restrained):
SL = Sh - EdT
FAC = 0.001 (Buried w/soil restraints):
SL = Fax/Am +Sh(1-) + Sb

PD8010 Part 2

Where:
fdh = Hoop stress design factor per Table 2.
fde = Equivalent stress design factor per Table 2.
Sh = (Pe-Pi)(Do2 + Di2)/(Do2-Di2)
Se = [Sh2 + SL2 ShSL + 3St2]1/2

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

69

Code Stresses
St = Mt/2Z + iM/Z
SL = Slp + iM/Z

RCC-M C&D
Slp + 0.75iMa/Z

< Sh

SUS

iMC/Z

< f[1.25(Sc+Sh) Sl]

EXP

Slpmax + 0.75i(Ma+Mb)/Z

< 1.2Sh

OCC

ISO 14692
ISO 14692 requires that the sum of all hoop stresses (h, sum) and the sum of all axial stresses (a,
sum) be evaluated for all states of the piping system. CAESAR II evaluates these stresses for
stress types OPE, SUS, and OCC. If the hoop stress is exceeded, the axial stress is not reported.
Pipe:
Fully Measured Envelope:

(hl(1,1) and al(1,1) input)

If:
h,sum

f2A1A2A3hl(2,1)

and if:
h,sum

f2A1A2A3hl(1,1)

then use:
a,sum

f2A1A2A3al(0,1) + [(al(1,1) al(0,1))/hl(1,1)] (h,sum )

If:
h,sum

f2A1A2A3hl(1,1)

then use:
a,sum

f2A1A2A3al(1,1)+{[al(2,1)
al(1,1)]/[hl(2,1)-hl(1,1)]}[h,sumf2A1A2A3hl(1,1)]

Simplified Envelope:

(hl(1,1) and al(1,1) not input)

h,sum

f2A1A2A3hl(2,1)

and
a,sum

f2A1A2A3al(0,1) + [al(2,1) al(0,1)]h,sum/hl(2,1)

Joints and Bends:


Simplified Envelope (r 1):
h,sum

70

f2A1A2A3qs

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Code Stresses
and
a,sum

f2A1A2A3rqs / 2 + (1-r)h,sum / 2

Joints and Bends:


Rectangular Envelope (r 1):
h,sum

f2A1A2A3qs

and
a,sum

f2A1A2A3rqs / 2

Tees:
Rectangular Envelope (r = 1):
h,sum

f2A1A2A3qs

and
a,sum

f2A1A2A3qs / 2

Where:
f2 =

Part Factor for Loading (default values listed from Table 3)


0.89 for Occasional Short-Term Loads
0.83 for Sustained Loads Including Thermal Loads
0.67 for Sustained Loads Excluding Thermal Loads

A1 =

Partial Factor for Temperature

A2 =

Partial Factor for Chemical Resistance

A3 =

Partial Factor for Cyclic Service

qs =

Qualified Stress (entered for bends, fittings, and joints)

al(0,1) =

Long-Term Axial Strength at 0:1 Stress Ratio

al(1,1) =

Long-Term Axial Strength at 1:1 Stress Ratio

hl(1,1) =

Long-Term Hoop Strength at 1:1 Stress Ratio

al(2,1) =

Long-Term Axial Strength at 2:1 Stress Ratio

hl(2,1) =

Long-Term Hoop Strength at 2:1 Stress Ratio

r=

Bi-Axial Stress Ratio 2al(0,1)/qs (for simplified and rectangular


envelopes)

a,sum =
h,sum =
ap =
ab =

Sum of All Axial Stresses {(ap + ab)2 + 42}1/2


Sum of All Hoop Stresses [h2 + 42]1/2
Axial Pressure Stress
Axial Bending Stress
Torsion Stress

h =

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

71

Code Stresses
Hoop Stress

CAESAR II Verification and Validation Manual


The CAESAR II Verification and Validation Manual is a publicly available verification document.
This manual briefly discusses current industry QA standards, the Intergraph CAS QA standard,
a series of benchmark tests, and instructions for implementing QA procedures on your own
hardware.
The benchmark test compares analysis results to published data by ASME and the NRC.
Additional tests compare CAESAR II results to other industry programs.
For additional information on the manual, contact the sales department at
sales.icas@intergraph.com.

72

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

Index
A

Additional Intergraph CAS Software 12

Miscellaneous Options 46

CAESAR II Verification and Validation


Manual 72
Check Out a License for CAESAR II 27
Code Stresses 55
Computational Control 42
Configuration Options 41

NetHASP License Manager / NETHASP.INI


Instructions 17
Node Locations on Bends 52
Nomenclature 55
Notes on Network ESLs 17

O
Overview 11

Database Definitions 43

E
ESL Installation 16
External Interfaces 39

F
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 22
FRP Properties 44

G
General Topics FAQ 23
Geometry Directives 45
Graphic Settings 45

I
Install a local lock 16
Install a network lock 16
Install CAESAR II 30
Install in Silent Mode 35
Install SmartPlant License Checkout Utility
25
Installation 29
International Code Stresses 62
Intersection Types 51

L
License Utility Checkout Dialog Box 26
Licensing 15
List of Materials 48

P
Piping Codes 40
Purchasing Licenses FAQ 22

Q
Quick Installation Workflow 21

R
Restraints 50

S
Seminars 12
SIFs and STRESSES 47
SmartPlant License Manager Installation
19
Software and Hardware Requirements 11

T
Technical Information 39
Troubleshoot Installation 36
Troubleshooting Network Locks 18

U
US Code Stresses 57
Using the SmartPlant License Checkout
Utility 25

W
What's New in CAESAR II 7

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide

73

Index

74

CAESAR II Quick Reference Guide