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D00637200A

OWNERS MANUAL

CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK, DO NOT


REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL.

The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the
user to the presence of uninsulated dangerous voltage within the products enclosure that may be
of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of
important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the
appliance.

This appliance has a serial number


located on the rear panel. Please
record the model number and serial
number and retain them for your
records.
Model number

WARNING: TO PREVENT FIRE OR SHOCK


HAZARD, DO NOT EXPOSE THIS
APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.

Important Safety Precautions


IMPORTANT (for U.K. Customers)
DO NOT cut off the mains plug from this
equipment.
If the plug fitted is not suitable for the power points
in your home or the cable is too short to reach a
power point, then obtain an appropriate safety
approved extension lead or consult your dealer.
If nonetheless the mains plug is cut off, remove the
fuse and dispose of the plug immediately, to avoid a
possible shock hazard by inadvertent connection to
the mains supply.
If this product is not provided with a mains plug, or
one has to be fitted, then follow the instructions
given below:
IMPORTANT. DO NOT make any connection to
the larger terminal which is marked with the letter E
or by the safety earth symbol or coloured
GREEN or GREEN-and-YELLOW.

Table of Contents
Important Safety Instructions ............................2
An introduction to the MF-P01 ...........................4
Multitrack recording - a brief
introduction...................................................4
Some safety notes and precautions ...............4
What you need to make recordings ...............6
Connecting the MF-P01..................................6
Parts of the MF-P01 ...........................................7
Recording tracks .............................................10
Setting up .....................................................10
Setting the level ............................................10
Recording the first track ..............................11
Recording the next track (overdubbing) ......11
Mixing down tracks..........................................12
Setting up .....................................................12
Mixdown .......................................................13
Hints and advanced tips .................................13

The wires in the mains lead on this product are


coloured in accordance with the following code:

Recording techniques ..................................13


Recording electric guitars ..........................13

BLUE:
BROWN:

NEUTRAL
LIVE

As these colours may not correspond with the


coloured markings identifying the terminals in your
plug proceed as follows:
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be
connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be
connected to the terminal which is marked with the
letter L or coloured RED.
When replacing the fuse only a correctly rated
approved type should be used and be sure to re-fit
the fuse cover.
IF IN DOUBT CONSULT A COMPETENT
ELECTRICIAN.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Recording with effects................................14


When youre not recording .........................14
Recording more than four tracks................14
Troubleshooting ...............................................15
Specifications ..................................................15

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS


CAUTION:
Read all of these Instructions.
Save these Instructions for later use.
Follow all Warnings and Instructions marked on the
audio equipment.
1) Read Instructions All the safety and operating instructions should be read before the product is operated.
2) Retain Instructions The safety and operating instructions
should be retained for future reference.
3) Heed Warnings All warnings on the product and in the
operating instructions should be adhered to.
4) Follow Instructions All operating and use instructions
should be followed.
5) Cleaning Unplug this product from the wall outlet before
cleaning. Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a
damp cloth for cleaning.
6) Attachments Do not use attachments not recommended by
the product manufacturer as they may cause hazards.
7) Water and Moisture Do not use this product near water
for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink, or laundry
tub; in a wet basement; or near a swimming pool; and the like.
8) Accessories Do not place this product on an unstable cart,
stand, tripod, bracket, or table. The product may fall, causing serious injury to a child or adult, and serious damage to the product.
Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table recommended
by the manufacturer, or sold with the product. Any mounting of the
product should follow the manufacturers instructions, and should
use a mounting accessory recommended by the manufacturer.
9) A product and cart combination should be moved with care.
Quick stops, excessive force, and uneven surfaces may cause the
product and cart combination to overturn.

10) Ventilation Slots and openings in the cabinet are provided


for ventilation and to ensure reliable operation of the product and
to protect it from overheating, and these openings must not be
blocked or covered. The openings should never be blocked by
placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface.
This product should not be placed in a built-in installation such as a
bookcase or rack unless proper ventilation is provided or the manufacturers instructions have been adhered to.
11) Power Sources This product should be operated only
from the type of power source indicated on the marking label. If
you are not sure of the type of power supply to your home, consult
your product dealer or local power company. For products
intended to operate from battery power, or other sources, refer to
the operating instructions.
12) Grounding or Polarization This product may be
equipped with a polarized alternating-current line plug (a plug having one blade wider than the other). This plug will fit into the
power outlet only one way. This is a safety feature. If you are
unable to insert the plug fully into the outlet, try reversing the plug.
If the plug should still fail to fit, contact your electrician to replace
your obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized plug.
13) Power-Cord Protection Power-supply cords should be
routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by
items placed upon or against them, paying particular attention to
cords at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they
exit from the product.
14) Outdoor Antenna Grounding If an outside antenna or
cable system is connected to the product, be sure the antenna or
cable system is grounded so as to provide some protection against
voltage surges and built-up static charges. Article 810 of the
National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, provides information
with regard to proper grounding of the mast and supporting structure, grounding of the lead-in wire to an antenna discharge unit,
size of grounding conductors, location of antenna-discharge unit,
connection to grounding electrodes, and requirements for the
grounding electrode.

"Note to CATV system installer:


This reminder is provided to call the CATV system installers
attention to Section 820-40 of the NEC which provides guidelines
for proper grounding and, in particular, specifies that the cable
ground shall be connected to the grounding system of the building,
as close to the point of cable entry as practical.
Example of Antenna Grounding as per
National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70

ANTENNA
LEAD IN
WIRE
GROUND
CLAMP

ANTENNA
DISCHARGE UNIT
(NEC SECTION 810-20)
ELECTRIC
SERVICE
EQUIPMENT

GROUNDING CONDUCTORS
(NEC SECTION 810-21)

GROUND CLAMPS
POWER SERVICE GROUNDING
ELECTRODE SYSTEM
(NEC ART 250. PART H)
NEC - NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE

15) Lightning For added protection for this product during a


lightning storm, or when it is left unattended and unused for long
periods of time, unplug it from the wall outlet and disconnect the
antenna or cable system. This will prevent damage to the product
due to lightning and power-line surges.
16) Power Lines An outside antenna system should not be
located in the vicinity of overhead power lines or other electric
light or power circuits, or where it can fall into such power lines or
circuits. When installing an outside antenna system, extreme care
should be taken to keep from touching such power lines or circuits
as contact with them might be fatal.
17) Overloading Do not overload wall outlets, extension
cords, or integral convenience receptacles as this can result in risk
of fire or electric shock.
18) Object and Liquid Entry Never push objects of any kind
into this product through openings as they may touch dangerous
voltage points or short-out parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the product.
19) Servicing Do not attempt to service this product yourself
as opening or removing covers may expose you to dangerous voltage or other hazards. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
20) Damage Requiring Service Unplug this product from
the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified service personnel
under the following conditions:
a) when the power-supply cord or plug is damaged.
b) if liquid has been spilled, or objects have fallen into the product.
c) if the product has been exposed to rain or water.
d) if the product does not operate normally by following the operating instructions. Adjust only those controls that are covered by
the operating instructions as an improper adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will often require extensive work
by a qualified technician to restore the product to its normal operation.
e) if the product has been dropped or damaged in any way.
f) when the product exhibits a distinct change in performance
this indicates a need for service.
21) Replacement Parts When replacement parts are
required, be sure the service technician has used replacement parts
specified by the manufacturer or have the same characteristics as
the original part.
Unauthorized substitutions may result in fire, electric shock, or
other hazards.
22) Safety Check Upon completion of any service or repairs
to this product, ask the service technician to perform safety checks
to determine that the product is in proper operating condition.
23) Wall or Ceiling Mounting The product should be
mounted to a wall or ceiling only as recommended by the manufacturer.
24) Heat The product should be situated away from heat
sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other products
(including amplifiers) that produce heat.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

An introduction to the MF-P01


The TASCAM MF-P01 PORTASTUDIO allows you
to perform multitrack recordings which are not
possible with an ordinary stereo cassette recorder.

Multitrack recording - a brief


introduction
This section gives you a brief introduction to some of
the terms and techniques used in recording. If you are
unfamiliar with these terms, you may find it useful to
read through this section so that you understand the
rest of the manual, which uses the terms explained
here.

Multitrack recorders
The MF-P01 allows you to record up to 4 tracks on
Type II (chrome) cassette tapes. It accepts an input
and feeds it into a recorder which can record tracks
independently of each other, and builds up the song
by recording new tracks while listening to what has
been recorded before ("overdubbing").

Ordinary cassetteMF-P01

The illustration below shows you how tracks are


arranged on an ordinary stereo cassette tape, as well
as on the MF-P01.
Notice that the stereo cassette arrangement allows
you to use both sides of the cassette, by playing the
tape in the other direction. The MF-P01, however,
uses the whole width of the tape. Notice also that one
pair of L and R tracks on the stereo cassette take up
the same positions as tracks 1 and 2 on the MF-P01.
This allows the MF-P01 to play back normal cassette
tapes using tracks 1 and 2.

Mixing down
When you come to make the final version (on MD,
cassette, etc.), you can adjust the level (volume) and
the stereo position (panning) of each track.
The technique of converting a multitrack recording to
a stereo recording is called "mixing down" to a
"stereo master" recorder. The MF-P01 includes a
mixdown section which allows you to mix to a stereo
cassette or MD recorder.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Some safety notes and precautions


Always use the PS-P2 power adaptor supplied with
the MF-P01. If you use any other adaptor, there is a
risk of damage, or even fire. Make sure that the
input voltage marked on the PS-P2 adaptor matches
the power supply you are using. If you are in any
doubt, consult your TASCAM dealer.
Turn off your MF-P01 and remove the cassette
when you are not using the MF-P01. If you will not
be using it for an extended period of time, unplug
the PS-P2 adaptor.
When connecting or disconnecting the MF-P01 to
or from any other equipment, make sure the power
to the MF-P01 and all other equipment is turned
off. This will avoid possible damage to equipment.
Do not keep your MF-P01 in a very hot place.
Remember that in sunny weather, the inside of a
parked car heats up very quickly. Avoid leaving
your MF-P01 in such a place.
Do not spill liquid onto your MF-P01. Avoid
eating, drinking and smoking near it (smoke
particles are bad for audio equipment). If any liquid
or any objects such as paperclips, guitar picks, etc.
fall inside the MF-P01, do not try to operate it.
Return it to a TASCAM service center for repair.
If the case of the MF-P01 becomes dirty, clean it
only with a damp (not wet) cloth, moistened with a
little detergent. Do not use solvents or thinners, etc.
to clean the MF-P01, as these will damage the
surface.
There are no parts inside the MF-P01 that you can
repair by yourself. Do not open the MF-P01 case or
try to make any repairs. Return it to a TASCAM
service center for repair.

Tape cassettes
Since the MF-P01 uses the whole width of a
cassette tape, you can use only one side of a
cassette for playing and recording. You should try
to use either side A or side B for all cassettes, to
avoid confusion when changing tapes.
Only use Type II (chrome or high position)
cassettes with the MF-P01.
Remember that because you are only using one
side of the cassette, the marked length of the tape
will be halved (that is, a C60 tape will run for 30
minutes, a C40 for 20 minutes, etc.).
Always store cassettes in a safe place (away from
the magnetic fields produced by speakers,
television sets, computer monitors, etc.).

An introduction to the MF-P01


Record-protecting cassettes
The record-protect tab on a cassette stops you
recording on that side when it is removed.
The MF-P01 also recognizes this protection, and will
not allow you to record on the side of a cassette
where this tab has been removed.
However, we suggest that you remove both tabs when
you want to protect a MF-P01 cassette. This will stop
you putting in the cassette the wrong way round and
recording over old material accidentally.
Playing back stereo cassettes
As mentioned earlier, the MF-P01 can play back
cassettes recorded on a stereo cassette recorder, using
tracks 1 and 2.
Also, if tracks 1 and 2 have been recorded on the MFP01, these cassettes can be played back on a stereo
cassette recorder.
However, if tracks 3 and 4 are used for recording on
the MF-P01, these cannot be played back on a stereo
cassette recorder.
Also, note that if a cassette has been recorded with
noise reduction, such as Dolby, etc., it will sound
strange when played back on the MF-P01. Any tapes
(tracks 1 and 2) recorded on the MF-P01 should be
played back without noise reduction on a stereo
recorder.
"Dolby" is a registered trademark of
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

NOTE
Never use C120 cassettes with the MF-P01. The tape
in these cassettes is thin, and may stretch and break.

Cleaning the heads


You should clean the tape heads of the MF-P01
regularly to keep it working properly. Dirt and tape
oxide buildup on the heads will force the tape away
from the tape head gaps that record and playback.
Head cleaner will remove the dirt and restore the
sound quality.
In addition to affecting performance by coating the
heads, and keeping the tape away from the recording
and playback gaps, dirt and oxide in the tape path will
also act in the same way as very fine sandpaper,
which will wear down internal parts of the MF-P01,
and affect the recording in this way as well.
All of these problems can be avoided if you buy a
head cleaning kit such as the TEAC TZ-261 and keep
it with your MF-P01 for regular use. The kit consists
of head cleaner, cleaner for the rubber parts of the
MF-P01, and cotton-tipped swabs.

WARNING
Only use head and rubber cleaning fluid and cleaning
swabs designed for use with tape recorders. The use
of any other cleaning materials may cause damage to
the MF-P01.
Clean the heads and metal parts of the tape path
before every session with the MF-P01 and also after
every session.

ERASE
HEAD

CAPSTAN
PINCH ROLLER

RECORD/REPRODUCE
HEAD

1) Open the tape cassette cover.


2) Carefully clean the heads and metal parts as
shown in the illustration using a swab dipped in
the head cleaning fluid.
3) Dry off the heads with a dry swab.

Cleaning the pinch roller


You should also clean the rubber pinch roller at
regular intervals (at least once each day that you use
the MF-P01).
1) Open the tape cassette cover.
2) Press the PLAY key.
The pinch roller will engage with the capstan shaft
and start turning.
3) Press a swab dipped in the rubber cleaning fluid
against the right side of the pinch roller.
If you press the right side of the roller, the swab
will not get caught between the roller and capstan.
4) Dry the capstan with a dry swab and make sure
that there is no material on the pinch roller or
capstan before you insert a cassette.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

An introduction to the MF-P01


What you need to make recordings

Connecting the MF-P01

Apart from the MF-P01 itself, you will need:


Some kind of stereo master recorder (such as a
cassette or MD recorder) to produce the stereo
recordings.
You will also need RCA (pin or phono) cables to
connect the MF-P01 to other equipment.
Some monitoring equipment (some kind of
amplifier and speaker system).
Headphones, if you intend doing any work with
microphones. These will avoid acoustic feedback
("howl-round") when recording. Additionally,
headphones are sometimes useful when panning
tracks on mixdown, as you can hear the precise
position of each track.
Of course, you will also need some kind of sound
source to record (instrument or microphone, etc.).

1) Make sure all the equipment is turned off.


2) Connect the LINE OUT terminals of the MFP01 to the amplifier, using a pair of terminals
on the amplifier such as AUX, TUNER or
TAPE.
NOTE
Do not use any terminals marked PHONO or
intended for record players (turntables). These are
connected to a special circuit inside the amplifier
which makes them unsuitable for anything except
record players.
3) Connect your master recorder to a set of four
TAPE terminals on the amplifier (two for REC
and two for PLAY).
You can listen to the MF-P01 by selecting the
amplifiers input source to be the terminals to which
you connected the MF-P01.
When you have mixed down and you want to listen to
the mixed tape, you should select the master recorder
as the amplifiers input source.

SPEAKER OUT L

SPEAKER OUT R

REC OUT

TAPE IN

LINE IN

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

LINE OUT

AUX IN

LINE OUT

Parts of the MF-P01

1 DC IN 12 V connector and POWER switch


Use this jack to connect the PS-P2 AC adaptor which comes with your MF-P01.
When connecting the power, make sure the power switch is off (slide it to the right, as you look from the
back).
Slide the switch to the left (looking from the back) to turn on the power to the MF-P01.
WARNING
DO NOT use any adaptor with the MF-P01 except the PS-P2 adaptor which comes with the MF-P01.
NOTE
The equipment draws nominal non-operating power from the AC outlet with its POWER switch in the off
position.

2 MIC/LINE jack
Use this 1/4" phone jack to connect an audio source (instrument or microphone) to the MF-P01.
The source signal is sent to a recording track, as well as fed from the LINE OUT (L, R) and PHONES jacks.

3 PHONES jack
Use this 1/4" jack to connect a pair of stereo headphones to monitor tape playback or/and MIC/LINE input
signals.
CAUTION
When using the LINE OUT jacks, to obtain better audio performance, unplug headphones.
WARNING
Do not use headphones equipped with a mono jack. This will cause damage to the MF-P01s headphone
amplifiers.

4 LINE OUT jacks


Use these RCA (pin or phono) jacks to connect your MF-P01 to the amplifier or master recorder.
Tape playback or/and MIC/LINE input signals are output from these jacks.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Parts of the MF-P01

5 POWER indicator
This indicator is lit when the MF-P01 is connected to the power supply and switched on.

6 Tape counter and reset button


The tape counter allows you to note different parts of the tape and locate to them. Pressing the RESET button
resets the counter to "000".

7 LEVEL controls (for TRK1 through TRK4)


These controls change the levels of the four tape tracks in the LINE OUT and PHONES outputs.

8 PAN controls (for TRK1 through TRK4)


These controls change the position of the four tape tracks in the stereo LINE OUT and PHONES outputs.
When one of these controls is turned fully counter-clockwise, the sound of the corresponding tape track will
appear to come from the left, and when turned fully clockwise, it will appear to come from the right. When in
the center position, the output will appear equally from both the left and right.

9 REC FUNCTION switches (for TRK1 through TRK4)


When recording the signal coming into the MIC/LINE jack to one of the four tracks, press down the appropriate REC FUNCTION switch to make the track ready to be recorded.
To release the "record-ready" track (to make all tracks "record-off"), press one of the other REC FUNCTION
switches lightly.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Parts of the MF-P01


To change the "record-ready" track, press down the REC FUNCTION switch for the desired track. The current "record-ready" track will be automatically released.
WARNING
Do not make more than one track "record-ready", though you can press down more than one REC FUNCTION switch simultaneously by using more than one finger.

A REC indicators (for TRK1 through TRK4)


When one of the tracks is ready for recording, the appropriate REC indicator flashes.
When one of the tracks is being recorded, the appropriate REC indicator lights steadily.

B MASTER control
This control adjusts the master level of the signals which are sent to LINE OUT (L, R) jacks, as well as the
PHONES jack.

C REC LEVEL indicators (+6, 0. -5, -10)


A set of four LED indicators shows the level of the MIC/LINE signal sent to the recording track.
See "Setting the level" on page 10 for details about level setting.

D INPUT LEVEL fader


This fader is used to adjust the level of the signal coming into the MIC/LINE jack.

E Transport controls
RECORD button :

Starts recording of the track whose REC indicator is illuminated. Note that pressing
this button also presses down the PLAY button.
NOTE
When no REC indicator is lit, pressing down the RECORD button does not start
recording but start playback.

PLAY button :

Starts playback.

REW button :

Rewinds the tape.

F FWD button :

Fast-forwards the tape.

STOP button :

Stops the tape.

PAUSE button :

Pauses recording or playback.

NOTES
If the left record-protect tab of the cassette has been broken out, or if there is no cassette loaded, the
RECORD button cannot be pressed.
It is not possible to go directly from recording into playback mode.
The PAUSE button only pauses playback and recording. It is not possible to pause the tape in fast forward
and rewind modes.
All buttons except the STOP button lock down when pressed, and only work when locked down.

F Cassette compartment cover


The hinged cassette compartment cover is opened by lifting the tab on the right side.
The tape should be towards the front of the MF-P01. Put the non-tape part of the cassette in first, and then
push the tape (front) down into place.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Recording tracks
This section describes how to make a 4-track recording using the MF-P01. For this, we
will assume that you are making a recording of your guitar on track 1 using a
microphone first, and then recording your voice on track 2 while monitoring track 1
Setting up
1) Make sure the MF-P01 is turned off.
2) Plug the stereo headphones into the PHONES jack.
NOTE
Use headphones for monitoring while recording a microphone source. Never use
loudspeakers for monitoring a microphone source which may cause feedback.
You can use loudspeakers for monitoring while recording a line source (such as a
synthesizer).
3) With the INPUT LEVEL fader at the lowest position, plug the microphone into
the MIC/LINE jack.
4) Set the POWER switch to "ON" to turn on the MF-P01.
5) Insert a Type II (high position) cassette tape.
Make sure that the full spool is on the left side (the tape is fully rewound to the
beginning).
6) Press the PLAY button to play the tape, and then press the STOP button after
about 10 seconds to stop the tape.
7) Press the counter reset button to reset the counter to "000".

Setting the level


This section describes how to set the input level so that the average signals coming
from the MIC/LINE input will light the 0 meter indicator, and the loudest will light the
+6 indicator.
1) Set all LEVEL and MASTER controls to "0" (minimum).
2) Adjust the recording level using the INPUT LEVEL fader, while playing the
guitar to the microphone.
The INPUT LEVEL fader should be set to the position where the +6 indicator is lit
on the loudest parts of the guitar.

3) Using the MASTER control, adjust the headphones monitor level until you are
comfortable with what you hear in the headphones.
NOTE
You do not have to monitor the sound during the first track recording.

10

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Recording tracks
Recording the first track
1) Press the REC FUNCTION key for track 1 so that the REC indicator flashes.
You are now ready to record on track 1.
2) Press down the RECORD button to start recording the first guitar track.
The REC indicator for track 1 lights steadily.

3) When you have finished, press the STOP button.


The tape stops.

4) Press the REW button.


The tape is rewound to the "000" position (where you started recording).

5) Press the PLAY button to check your recording.


Adjust the LEVEL control of track 1 so that you can hear clearly what you have just
recorded.
You can use the PAN control to set the stereo positioning if required.
If you are not satisfied with your recording, try again.
6) When youre happy with the recording, go to the second track recording
described below.

Recording the next track (overdubbing)


The next step is to record your vocal to track 2 while listening to the playback sound of
your guitar on track 1.
1) Press the REW button to rewind the tape to "000".

2) Press the REC FUNCTION switch for track 2 to set track 2 to "record ready".
The REC indicator for track 2 starts flashing, while the REC indicator for track 1
turns off.

3) Press the PLAY button to playback the tape, and sing into the microphone
while monitoring the guitar sound.
You can monitor both the guitar on track 1 and your voice via the headphones.

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

11

Recording tracks
4) Adjust the recording level for track 2, in the same way as shown above (see
"Setting the level").
Use the LEVEL and PAN controls for track 1 to control the track 1 sound.
Use the MASTER control to adjust the overall monitor level.

5) When you are ready, press the REW button to rewind the tape and press the
RECORD button to start recording.

6) Press the STOP button to stop recording.

7) Press the REW button to rewind and press the PLAY button to start playback.
Adjust the level and pan position of the two tracks with the LEVEL and PAN
controls for tracks 1 and 2.

8) If you are not satisfied with your recording, try again.


The MF-P01 has 4 tracks. You can record two more musical tracks (another guitar
part, harmony vocals, bass, etc.) to tracks 3 and 4, in the same manner described
above, while monitoring the previously recorded tracks.

Mixing down tracks


After completing recording, the next (final) process is "mixdown". We assume that all
the four tracks are recorded.

Setting up
1) Unplug the stereo headphones.
NOTE
When headphones are plugged in, the audio performance from the LINE OUT jacks
is slightly degraded.
WARNING
Before making the connections below, make sure that all equipment is turned off.
2) Connect the LINE OUT jacks of the MF-P01 to the AUX IN (or TUNER IN,
CD IN, TAPE IN, etc) of your amplifier.
3) Connect the master recorder to the amplifier appropriately (see page 6).
4) Set the amplifiers input source to the MF-P01 and the level volume appropriately.
NOTE
You may directly connect the MF-P01 LINE OUT jacks to the recorders line input
jacks without using any amplifier.

12

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

Mixing down tracks


Mixdown
1) Make sure that no REC indicator is lit.
To release the "record-ready" track (to make all tracks "record-off"), press a REC
FUNCTION switch whose REC indicator is not lit lightly.
2) Set the INPUT LEVEL fader to minimum.
This will stop any extra unwanted noise from the MIC/LINE input appearing in the
final mix.
3) Make sure the master recorder is ready to record, and put it into record pause
mode.
4) Press the PLAY button on the MF-P01 to play back recorded tracks.
5) Adjust the LEVEL and PAN controls for each track on the MF-P01 to get the
proper level balance and positioning of the sounds.
6) Adjust the recording level of the master recorder.
You can adjust it by:
using the MASTER control of the MF-P01 to adjust the output level, or
using the input level control of the master recorder.
7) Press the REW button to rewind to the start of the recording ("000") on the
MF-P01.
8) Start recording on the master recorder, and start playback on the MF-P01.
9) When mixdown recording is completed, stop both units.
NOTE:
There are special methods to add more sound to the mixdown sound. See "Recording more than four tracks" on page 14 for details

Hints and advanced tips


This section gives a few hints and tips which may be
useful to you when you make recordings using the
MF-P01.

Recording techniques
Learning how to record is an art, not a science. One of
the best teachers is experience. However, there are a
few things mentioned here which may be useful to
you, and there are several good books on the subject
which can explain the theory of recording and some
of the techniques.

Recording electric guitars


Much of the sound of an electric guitar (and also
bass) is due to the effects, amplifier and speakers, as
well as the guitar and style of playing. If you plug the

guitar straight into the MF-P01, you will, of course,


be able to record it, but the sound will probably not be
what you are used to.
Plugging effects units between the guitar and the MFP01 will certainly help to produce a fuller sound. The
sound which will come closest to a live sound,
though, will be provided by the amplifier itself.
You can adopt one of two approaches:
either put a microphone in front of the guitar speaker
and record this, or connect the output of the preamplifier to the MF-P01 and record this.
WARNING
Do not connect the speaker output of the amplifier to
the MF-P01. This will almost certainly damage the
PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

13

Hints and advanced tips


MF-P01, and may damage the amplifier. Only use
outputs which are marked LINE OUT, PRE OUT,
DIRECT OUT and so on. Avoid using any outputs
marked SPEAKER OUT, SP OUT, 4, 8, 16 or
the like.

Recording with effects


Professional recordings often use effects like digital
reverberation on vocals, etc.
You can add effects such as a reverberation by
plugging a source (instrument or microphone) into an
effects unit, and plugging the unit into the MF-P01.
Note that the effects unit must be able to accept
microphone-level signals when connecting a
microphone.
In addition, you will need to use the internal balance
control in the unit to decide how much of the "dry"
(unaffected) sound will be passed through to the
MF-P01 for recording.
If you do not have access to a reverberation unit, you
can try recording vocals in a very "live" room
(without many furnishings).
When youre not recording
Try to get into the habit of always leaving all the REC
FUNCTION switches in the "off" state unless you are
actually recording or rehearsing a take.
This will stop you recording by accident (remember
that pressing RECORD with all the REC
FUNCTION switches to "off" is the same as pressing
PLAY).

Recording more than four tracks


Although the MF-P01 has only 4 tracks, it is possible
to produce a mix with more than four sounds. There
are two methods, as shown below.
Method 1:
By playing along with the track sounds while
mixdown recording, you can also mix an additional
sound together with tracks 1 through 4.
In this case, the "live" sound is fed via the MIC/
LINE input, so it is always positioned in the center.

14

PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

1) Record on all four tracks of the MF-P01, and set


all REC FUNCTION switches to "off".
2) Adjust settings of LEVEL and PAN for all tracks
for mixdown.
3) Connect the source for the extra input to the MIC/
LINE jack.
4) Use the INPUT LEVEL fader to adjust the levels
of the input signals against the tape tracks.
5) Adjust the recording level of the master recorder
using the MASTER control of the MF-P01 or the
input level control of the master recorder.
Method 2:
For this method, there must be an ordinary stereo
cassette recorder used as the master recorder.
1) Make mixdown recording to a TYPE II cassette
tape with no noise reduction according to the procedures described in "Mixing down tracks" on
page 12.
2) Load this mixed tape in the MF-P01.
The mixed-down signals are played back from
tracks 1 and 2, and you can now record additional
materials on tracks 3 and 4.
There are a few points to remember:
Although you can repeat this process of mixing 4
tracks to 2 and then adding 2 more, as you repeat
the mix process, noise and hiss will build up to a
point where the quality becomes unacceptable.
The master recorder must have its noise reduction
turned off when mixing the MF-P01 tracks to the
mastering machine, as the MF-P01 does not use
noise reduction. Of course, on the final stereo mix,
you can use noise reduction on the master recorder.
Once you have mixed the four tracks to two, you
cannot adjust their levels or pan positions again on
the new tape. Think ahead to what tracks you will
record on the new tape, and mix accordingly.

Troubleshooting
Tracing faults in a recording setup is often a mixture
of logical deduction and patience. Very often, the
problem is caused by something simple; a cable
which hasnt been plugged in properly, or a faulty
cable. If you discover a faulty cable, replace it with a
new one - its not worth hanging onto bad cables!
The MF-P01s POWER light does not come on.

Is the PS-P2 adaptor plugged into the power supply?


Is the PS-P2 adaptor plugged into the MF-P01?
Is the POWER switch on the MF-P01 set to ON?
The tape does not move when the PLAY button is
pressed.

Is the tape properly inserted in the MF-P01?


Is the tape at the end of the tape?
Some tracks have been recorded on the tape, but
nothing can be heard when playing back.

If youve just put in a tape you recorded in another


session, make sure that its the right way round.
Make sure the LEVEL and MASTER controls are set
appropriately (not to "0").
If you can hear something through the headphones
but cannot from the speakers, check the LINE OUT
connections and make sure the amplifier is set to the
correct input source.

Nothing appears on the meter indicators when a


source is played.

Is the source (microphone, guitar, etc.) switched on


and volume control turned up? If it uses batteries,
does it need new batteries?
Is the INPUT LEVEL control of the channel set
appropriately (not to "0")?
Cannot press the RECORD key.

Is the tape properly inserted in the MF-P01?


Is the tape record-protected?
The RECORD key is pressed, the tape moves, but
nothing is recorded, or the level is very low.

Is one of the REC FUNCTION switches depressed?


Check the LEVEL control for the track.
Is the INPUT LEVEL control set correctly?
Is the recording level is too low or too high?
Tape sounds are muffled on playback.

The heads are dirty. Clean them (see "Cleaning the


heads").
The mixdown signal is noisy or distorted.

Is the recording level is too low?


Is the PHONES plug is connected during mixdown?

Specifications
Track format:
Head configuration:
Motor type:
Tape speed:
Wow and flutter:
Fast wind time:
Power requirements:

Power consumption:
Physical dimensions (w x h x d):
maximum height (including controls)
Weight (main unit):
MIC/LINE input (1/4" phone jack)
Input level:
Input impedance:
LINE OUT (2 x RCA jacks)
Output level:
Output impedance:

4 tracks, 4 channels
1 x 4-track record/replay head (Permalloy)
1 x 4-track erase head (ferrite)
1 x DC motor (capstan and reel motor)
1 7/8 in./sec (4.76 cm/sec)
0.25%
Approx 120 seconds (C-60 tape)
USA/CANADA: 120 V AC, 60 Hz
U.K./EUROPE: 230 V AC, 50 Hz
AUSTRALIA: 240 V AC, 50 Hz
7 W, via the supplied PS-P2 AC adaptor
295 x 70 x 205 (mm), 12.0 x 2.8 x 8.1 (in.),
81 (mm), 3.2(in)
1.1 kg (2.4 lb)
50 dBV or higher
50 k
10 dBV
10 k
PORTASTUDIO MF-P01

15

Specifications
Headphone output (1/4" stereo phone jack)
Output level:
Output impedance:
Frequency response:
Signal-to-noise ratio:
Total Harmonic Distortion:
Channel separation:
Erasure:

4 mW + 4 mW
30
50 Hz to 12.5 kHz +/-3 dB
43 dB
Better than 3.0%
Better than 40 dB
65 dB (at 1 kHz)

0 dBV is referenced to 1 volt.


Changes in features or specifications may be made without notice or obligation.
11

295

65

4.5

205.4

197.7

201.8

All measurements given in millimeters.

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