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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٤٢٥ 
   ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬        ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ، 
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،‫א‬   
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬??‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

   W    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬
 K‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬      
   ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
?
 ‫א‬‫?א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ،،،‫א‬‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬ J ٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٧{٥‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١
 J ٢

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ETOTAL-STATIONF‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  

 ‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F

-٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ (Total Station )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠٠W١١٠٠W١‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ( Total Station ) 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 



-٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬?‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
?‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬
  W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬–١
 –٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬–٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–٨
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫–א‬١
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -‫أ‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ -‫ب‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J 

 
  ‫א‬  
 ‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬
  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
E‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬F J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬

-٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬٠{١‫א‬‫א‬١٠٠W١
٠{٥‫א‬‫א‬٥٠٠W١‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬




 

‫أرض ﻓﻀﺎء‬

‫ﺳﻜﻨﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻤﺎرة‬

‫اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ‬

‫أرض ﻓﻀﺎء ارض ﻓﻀﺎء‬


‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ‬


‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬

‫اﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬



‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬



‫دوار‬

 

‫ﻓﻴﻼ‬
‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬



‫أﺳﻮاق ﻣﺮآﺰﻳﺔ‬


‫ارض‬
‫ﻓﻀﺎء‬
‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬



‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬
‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬






-٧-
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻣﺴﺘﺸﻔﻰ‬
‫أﺳﻮاق ﻣﺮآﺰﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎرة‬
‫ﺳﻜﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬
‫ﺣﺪﻳﻘﺔ‬

‫‪-٨-‬‬
‫دوار‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﻜﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ‬


‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬

‫ارض‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻼ‬ ‫ارض ﻓﻀﺎء‬ ‫ارض ﻓﻀﺎء‬ ‫ارض ﻓﻀﺎء‬


‫ﻣﻨﺰل‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎء‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 E١F
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E`F‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
‫א‬ J ١
     EF‫א‬

‫א‬ J ٢
     E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬

‫א‬ J ٣
 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 

-٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ J ٤






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥

-١٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
  J ١
 J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(AutoCAD)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٣٠٠x٣٠٠
 E‫א‬‫א‬FJ ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١٢٠٣٠‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬١٢٠٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
٢‫א‬‫א‬٣٠٢٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬












 EA F
-١٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬












 EB F












 EC F

-١٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬













 ED F













 EE F

-١٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬













 EF F












 EG F

-١٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬














 EH F

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ELKF‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 H angle =  00٥ 00 '30"،٠٠٠٠'٣٠?Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF .R‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-١٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ٣٦٠Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ENTRNAL ANGL + EXTERNAL ANGL = 360 d
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
  H angle =  90٥ 05 '00"،٩٠٠٥٠٠Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬٢J ١‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ∑ANGLZ90xE2N - 4F‫א‬N
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

2
 N70±Z‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬N
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(Total Station )٠
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١٨٠
 ±‫א‬‫א‬
Bering of line = Bering of last line+ angle between tow line at clockwise ± 180
 E١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬HF
 E١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J F
  ٣٦٠٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
N1=N+∆N E1= E+∆E
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
∆N= L x cos θ ‫א‬‫א‬×‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ∆E= L x sin θ ‫א‬‫א‬×‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٢٠٠٠W١‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ∑∆N=00Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ∑∆E = 00 Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬
 
closing error = ∑∆N²H∑∆E²

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬∆N‫א‬∆N∆NZ∆N
 ‫א‬∆E‫א‬ ∆E∆EZ∆E

-٢٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ∑∆NE‫א‬F 
 ∆N‫א‬= - ∆NE‫א‬F×H∆NE‫א‬F
 ∑∆NE‫א‬F

 ∑∆EE‫א‬F
  ∆E‫א‬= J ∆EE‫א‬F ×H∆EE‫א‬F
 ∑∆EE‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 mZ100 cm١٠٠ZkmZ1000 m١٠٠٠Z
 mmZ0.001 m٠{٠٠١ZcmZ0.01 m٠{٠١KZ
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 minZ60 sec٦٠Z'dZ60min٦٠Z
 sec"Z?
 ‫א‬‫א‬Z∆E ‫א‬ZE L Z ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z∆N ‫א‬ZN θZ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

-٢١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬      


 AB 298.864 298.860  298.862
 BC 127.794 127.794 127.794
 CD 144.082 144.084 144.083
 DE 270.614 270.630 270.622
 EF 159.663 159.665 159.664
FA 73.852 73.850 73.851
CG 136.252  136.252 136.252
DH  75.805  75.805  75.805

-٢٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






































-٢٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






































-٢٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






































-٢٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






































-٢٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






































-٢٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬




































-٢٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec s min sec s min sec

A 120 39 30 120 39 30 120  39 30

B 102 45 53 102 45  57 102 45 55

C 128 04 53 128 04 51 128 04 52

D 126 21 23 126 21 23 126 21 23

E 94 02 59 94 02 57 94 02 58

F 148 05 20 148 05 36 148 05 28

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec  sec d min sec

A 120 39 30 -1 120 39 29
720

B 102 45 55 -1 102 45 54
C 128 04 52 -1 128 04 51
00

D 126 21 23 -1 126 21 22
E 94 02 58 -1 94 02 57
06

F 148 05 28 -1 148 05 27

-٢٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 86٥24 31" ZA→B ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 Z180H B + AB ‫א‬‫א‬Z BC → ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
86 24 31 + 102 45 54 + 180 = 387 04 00 = 09 ٥ 10' 25:"
 Z180H C + BC ‫א‬‫א‬Z→
CD‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
9 10 25: + 128 04 51 +180 = 317٥ 15' 16"
 Z180J  D + C D ‫א‬‫א‬ZDE
→ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
317 15 16 + 126 21 22 J 180 = 263٥ 36' 38"
 Z180J E + D E‫א‬‫א‬ZEF
→ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
263 36 38 + 94 02 57 -180 = 564 16 07 = 177٥ 39' 35"
 Z180H F + E F‫א‬‫א‬ZF→A‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
177 39 35 + 148 05 27 +180 = 478 19 05 = 145٥ 45' 02 "
  AB ‫א‬‫א‬
 Z180HA HF A ‫א‬‫א‬ZAB
→ ‫א‬‫א‬
145 45 02 + 120 39 29 +180 = 446 24 32 = 86٥ 24 ' 31 "

‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬
D

C
A

A
F

‫اﻟﻀﻠﻊ‬
CD
DE

BC

AB
FA

EF
159.664

270.622

144.083

127.794

298.862

L ‫اﻟﻀﻠﻊ‬
73.851

‫ﻃﻮل‬
145

177

263

317

09

86

‫اﻧﺤﺮاف اﻟﻀﻠﻊ‬
min
45

39

36

15

10

24
 ∑

sec
02

35

38

16

25

31

-٣٠-
‫ﻣﻘﺪار‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار‬ ‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻲ‬ ‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻲ‬
∆E ∆N ∆ E ∆ N
‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬
L SIN θ L COS θ δE δN ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
E N
 ‫א‬
 

1000 1000
295.275 18.721 0.0016 00 298.2766 18.721
1298.276 1018.721
20.374 126.159 0.0001 00 20.3741 126.159
1318.650 1144.88
 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-97.795 105.811 0.0005 00 -97.7945 105.811


 ‫א‬‫א‬

-٣١-
1220.856 1250.691
-268.941 -30.116 0.0015 00 -268.9395 -30.116
951.916 1220.575
6.520 -159.530 .0001 00 6.5201 159.530
958.436 1061.045
41.563 -16.045 0.0002 00 41.5632 -61.045
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

1000 1000
-0.004 00 00 00
733.463
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬
 E N

 A 1000 1000

 B 1298.276 1018.721

 C 1318.650 1144.88

 D 1220.856 1250.691

 E 951.916 1220.575

F 958.436 1061.045













- ٣٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ‬
‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬x‫א‬Z‫א‬
  (E1,N1) ∆E = L x sin θ
 ‫א‬‫א‬×‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
∆N = L x cos θ
 E N1،E1 F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬ZE1
‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﻀﻠﻊ‬
 E1 = E + ∆ E
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ZN1
 N1 = N + ∆ N
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 G , H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


- ٣٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬      

C G 136.254 136.250 136.252

D H 75.805 75.805 75.805





- ٣٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

- ٣٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬



























- ٣٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


  09٥ 10 '25 "ZB C ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 Z١٨٠H B C G + B C ‫א‬‫א‬Z C G‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
09 10 25 + 71 32 40 + 180 = 260٥ 43' 05"
317٥ 15' 16" Z C D ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 Z180HC D H HC D‫א‬‫א‬ZD H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
317 15 16 +45 49 36 + 180 = 543 04 52 = 183٥ 04' 52"
G‫א‬‫א‬
C G‫א‬‫א‬HC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ZGE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 C G‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬C G‫א‬ZC G‫א‬‫א‬
= 136.252 x sin (260 43 05) = -134.468m
 ZGE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E= 1318.650 +( -134.468) = 1184.182 m
C G‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬HC‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ZGN‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 C G‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬C G‫א‬ZC G‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
= 136.252 x cos ( 260 43 05) = -21.976 m
 ZGN ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
N= 1144.880+( -21.976 ) = 1122.904m
H‫א‬‫א‬
D H‫א‬‫א‬HD‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ZHE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 D H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬D H‫א‬ZD H‫א‬‫א‬
= 75.805 x sin (183 04 52) = -4.074m
 ZHE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E= 1220.856+(-4.074 )= 1216.782 m
D H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬HD‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ZHN‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 D H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬D H ‫א‬ZD H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
= 75.805 x cos ( 183 04 52 ) = -75.695 m
- ٣٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ZHN ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
N= 1250.691+(-75.695) = 1174.996m

 ‫א‬‫א‬H G ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ E N

G  1184.182  1122.904

H  1216.782  1174.996

- ٣٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E√F‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
B A‫א‬D C‫א‬‫א‬
   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
B A‫א‬C ‫א‬‫א‬
   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A B‫א‬‫א‬F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬BDBC‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬E×F‫א‬‫א‬E`F

( ) ١٢٠٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬-١
( ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬-٢
( ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬-٣
( ) ‫א‬-٤
( ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬-٥
( ) ‫א‬‫א‬-٦

- ٣٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬ J ٢
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ J ٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٤٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬





 

 




 




 




 ‫א‬‫א‬




 ‫א‬

- ٤٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(TOTAL STATION )‫א‬‫א‬J ١
–‫א‬–‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢K
00 00 00Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬F
‫א‬‫א‬EZ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

- ٤٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

298.862 00 00 00 A B 73.851 00 00 00 F A
89.946 12 37 26 50 B 57.771 26 02 49 3 A
216.937 14 40 44 14 B 22.810 27 25 33 4 A
171.932 19 50 06 38 B 25.489 51 44 37 5 A
111.325 29 11 12 39 B 73.712 70 53 00 8 A
102.958 31 26 20 45 B 33.643 75 22 20 6 A
48.793 57 50 37 09 B 83.135 77 12 34 11 A
56.427 62 03 42 43 B 57.872 92 38 03 7 A
87.210 73 48 57 44 B 69.837 96 39 42 12 A
127.794 00 00 00 B C 92.073 100 53 31 13 A
51.974 32 01 02 35 C 150.010 101 22 14 45 A
42.661 44 10 47 53 C 183.122 105 40 41 48 A
38.536 53 28 39 57 C 218.198 108 44 48 49 A
119.817 59 14 01 41 C 93.747 110 41 30 15 A
130.415 61 17 54 40 C 142.057 110 52 57 46 A
180.047 66 29 11 36 C 109.704 112 41 36 29 A
34.273 83 45 20 58 C 117.313 113 27 08 33 A
64.562 84 40 39 61 C 176.666 113 32 09 47 A
92.431 126 38 46 62 C 129.849 114 30 19 35 A

- ٤٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

159.664 00 00 00 E F 144.08 00 00 00 C D
31.131 76 44 54 2 F 39.548 40 46 09 63 D
54.335 78 33 45 17 F 44.066 54 43 04 65 D
43.989 79 46 48 28 F 94.126 105 29 21 66 D
85.351 83 16 50 18 F 91.969 114 10 01 60 D
94.253 84 08 33 21 F 111.17 117 27 48 77 D
129.95 86 37 32 22 F 118.67 118 27 03 80 D
57.419 93 50 26 09 F 141.31 119 33 36 93 D
43.749 95 13 35 10 F 138.71 120 33 01 91 D
136.252 00 00 00 C G 270.62 00 00 00 D E
54.904 142 46 30 75 G 31.379 10 15 31 92 E
55.799 145 33 10 59 G 76.987 83 32 43 89 E
73.538 151 53 14 78 G 97.337 86 15 46 88 E
80.920 153 40 02 79 G 104.98 87 00 27 84 E
103.687 157 00 42 94 G 120.44 88 13 13 26 E
101.461 157 50 29 90 G 126.90 80 55 35 01 E
100.264 168 48 52 87 G 129.83 75 16 04 27 E

- ٤٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

81.136 94 45 53 76 H 101.074 173 14 01 85 G


49.644 95 49 59 73 H 95.509 183 45 28 25 G
43.237 103 03 21 72 H 73.169 163 46 24 81 G
56.160 121 04 48 74 H 65.038 171 08 45 82 G
94.621 123 47 52 56 H 102.32 171 08 46 86 G
49.622 123 58 13 71 H 186.95 177 55 14 27 G
94.922 126 32 13 55 H 177.03 178 19 36 16 G
98.100 127 57 41 54 H 74.853 178 52 34 83 G
112.053 133 11 52 34 H 148.48 179 48 31 19 G
116.513 137 57 10 37 H 138.71 181 04 30 20 G
8.092 160 49 19 69 H 109.32 183 54 15 24 G
25.658 176 13 12 70 H 79.94 186 21 24 30 G
36.347 194 59 39 64 H 72.500 188 00 33 32 G
101.27 188 30 09 23 G
76.530 189 29 18 31 G
75.805 00 00 00 D H
7.196 47 49 52 68 H
79.764 89 24 28 67 H

- ٤٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E√F‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    
     ‫א‬‫א‬
     

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A B‫א‬‫א‬
 A B‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
00 00 00 00 30‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 00
 E‫א‬‫א‬F

 ‫א‬‫א‬E×F‫א‬‫א‬E` FJ ٢

 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 E

 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

 EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 

- ٤٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

- ٤٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 AutoCAD‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EAutoCADF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬EAutoCADF‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 AutoCAD ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ESURFER- SDR- LISCAD-SKI F‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 ‫א‬  ‫א‬
D 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 D 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬  
 
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ENTER
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ١٢٣٤







‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ok 
 
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬next ‫א‬‫א‬


















‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬Total station ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ next 









‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬next ‫א‬








‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬next ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬









‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬finish
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K J ٢
‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬save as file ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬D 
 ‫א‬‫א‬AutoCAD 2002
 save ١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬













enter all zoom view ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬point style format ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ok ‫א‬‫א‬





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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 



 








‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬enter 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬line draw

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬enter ‫א‬
 W
 ‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W
 KKKK٦٥٤٣A‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬enter A ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  enter  enter ٣‫א‬‫א‬
 W
enter enter L ‫א‬modify ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 enter ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ A‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A ‫א‬
 A
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 K‫א‬‫א‬

- ٥٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E√F‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ F
 E‫א‬‫א‬



 ‫א‬‫א‬ExF‫א‬‫א‬E√F

  EF    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 EF   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KJ ٢
 EF   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤K
 EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 EF      ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬ J ٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٧{٥‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١
 J ٢
 J ٣
 J ٤
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٦٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Auto cad ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
Total Station ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٠٠٠W١١٠٠W١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EN‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬







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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
E‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬F J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

- ٦٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬






















- ٦٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬


























- ٦٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 E١F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E√F‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
‫א‬ J ٦
     EF‫א‬

‫א‬ J ٧
     E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬

 ‫א‬ J ٨




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩

- ٦٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
  J ١
 J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٦٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(AutoCAD)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬٤٠٠x٤٠٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢E‫א‬‫א‬FJ ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١٠

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 EB FEA F



 

 ED FEC F






 EF FEE F

 EH FEG F


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 W
‫א‬‫א‬ A , B , C , D , E , F , A ‫א‬‫א‬
A ( 898900, 999900 ) ‫א‬‫א‬
-٦٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ١
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Intersection ‫א‬ J ٢
EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Resection ‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

  A B = 87٥ 38 '19"
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 H angle =  00٥ 00 '30"،٠٠٠٠'٣٠?Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٥
  H angle =  90٥ 05 '00"،٩٠٠٥'٠٠?Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ٣٦٠Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ENTRNAL ANGL + EXTERNAL ANGL = 360 d

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

-٦٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬      

 AB 169.158 169.158 169.158


 BC 85.282 85.284 85.283
 CD 193.352 193.354 193.353
 DE 295.068  295.060 295.064

 EF 349.150 349.143 349.147


FA 244.509 244.509 244.509





-٧٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬



























-٧١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬



























-٧٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


-٧٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


-٧٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


-٧٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

-٧٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec d min sec d min sec
A 80 44 47 80 44 47 80 44 47

B 96 07 12 96 07 10 96 07 11

C 268 22 03 268 22 23 268 22 13

D 84 31 40 84 31 38 84 31 39

E 70 17 30 70 17 42 70 17 36

F 119 56 34 119 56 34 119 56 34


 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 N² 70±Z‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ∑ANGLZ90xE2N - 4F‫א‬N

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬N
 ∑ANGLZ90xE2x6 - 4F= 720 d
-٧٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec sec d min sec
A 80  44 47 00 80  44 47
B 96 07 11 00 96 07 11

720
 C 268 22 13 00 268 22 13

00
 D 84 31 39 00 84 31 39
 E 70 17 36 00 70 17 36
00

 F 119 56 34 00 119 56 34

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١٨٠±‫א‬‫א‬
 Bearing of line = Bearing of last line+ angle between tow line at clockwise ± 180

 E١٨٠ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬HF
 E١٨٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J F
 ٣٦٠٣٦٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ZA B‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  A B = 87٥ 38 '19"
 ZB C ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 BC = AB + 180+ 96 7 11 = 03 ° 45' 30"

 Z C D ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
-٧٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 CD = 03 45 30 -180 + 268 22 13 = 92 ° 07' 43 "


 Z D E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 DE = 92 07 43 +180 + 84 31 39 = 356 ° 39' 22"
 Z EF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EF = 356 39 22 - 180 + 70 17 36 = 246 ° 56' 58 "
 ZFA ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
FA = 257 24 09 - 180 + 119 56 34 = 186 ° 53' 32 "
 ZAB ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 AB = 186 53 32 - 180 80 44 47 = 87 ° 38' 19"
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 N1=N+∆N E1= E+∆E

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 

 ∆N= L X COS Θ ‫א‬‫א‬X‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬


∆E= L X SIN Θ ‫א‬‫א‬X‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬٢٠٠٠W١‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 ∑∆N=00Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ∑∆E = 00 Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٧٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 Z‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
CLOSING ERROR = ∑∆N²H∑∆E²

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬∆N‫א‬∆N∆NZ∆N
 ‫א‬∆E‫א‬ ∆E∆EZ∆E


 ∑∆NE‫א‬F 
 ∆N‫א‬= - ∆NE‫א‬FXH∆NE‫א‬F
 ∑∆NE‫א‬F

 ∑∆EE‫א‬F
  ∆E‫א‬= J ∆EE‫א‬Fx H∆EE‫א‬F
 ∑∆EE‫א‬F

-٨٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


-٨١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬  E N

 A 898900 999900

 B 899069.014 999906.969

 C 899074.604 999992.068

 D 899267.823 999984.884

 E 899250.613 1000279.448

F 898929.272 1000142.742

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F , G , H , K , C ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬F ( 898929.272, 1000142.742 ) ‫א‬
F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬C ( 899074.604 , 999992.068 )
‫א‬
 ‫א‬C D = 92° 07 ' 42.5 " A = 186° 53' 32"
 ‫א‬‫א‬





-٨٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬ D MIN SEC  ‫א‬  
F 290 52 55 FG 87.000
G 130 36 7 GH 196.838
H 288 26 32 HK 125.751
K 247 58 42 KC 134.311
C 27 19 52.5 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬CD ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ZFG ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
FG = AF ± 180 ± F = FA ± 180 ± F =

186 53 32 + 290 52 55 = 117° 46' 27"


 ZG H ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
GH= 117 46 27 +180 + 130 36 7 = 68 ° 22' 34"
 ZHK ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
HK = 68 22 34 +180 +288 26 32 = 176 ° 49' 6 "
 ZKC ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KC = 176 49 6 +180 +247 58 42 = 244 ° 47' 48 "
 ZCD ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
CD = 244 47 48 -180 +27 19 52 = 92 ° 7' 40"

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬–‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Z‫א‬
= 92 7 40 - 92 7 42.5 = - 00° 00' 2.5 "


 NH١² B2±Z‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬١H N 
  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬B
-٨٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬5 Z‫א‬‫א‬


 E‫א‬Fx١
 0.5 "ZZ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١HN
 E‫א‬Fx2
 1.0 "ZZ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١HN

 E‫א‬Fx3
 1.5 "ZZ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١HN

 E‫א‬Fx4
 2.0"ZZ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١HN

 E‫א‬Fx5
 2.5 "ZZ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ١HN
 0.5  secZ‫א‬‫א‬
FG = 117 46 27 + 00 00 0.5 = 117° 46' 27.5 "
 1.0 sec Z‫א‬‫א‬
GH = 68 22 34 + 00 00 01 = 68° 22' 35 "
 1.5 secZ‫א‬‫א‬
HK= 176 49 06 + 00 00 1.5 = 176 ° 49' 7.5"
 2.0 secZ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KC = 244 47 48 + 00 00 2.0= 244° 47' 50"
 2.5 secZ‫א‬‫א‬
CD = 92 07 40 + 00 00 2.5 = 92° 07' 42.5"
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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬C‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬٢٠٠٠W١‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
















 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E`F‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
B A‫א‬D C‫א‬‫א‬
   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
B A‫א‬C ‫א‬‫א‬
   
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A B‫א‬‫א‬F
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬BDBC‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ECF‫א‬‫א‬E`F
EF  ١٢٠٣٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
EF  ‫א‬J ٣K
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
EF  ‫א‬J ٦
EF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧

- ٨٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٦

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬ J ٢
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬ J ٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





- ٨٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬













- ٨٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ETotal Station F‫א‬‫א‬



 







 

 Topcon G T S- 600AF










- ٩٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 










set s A
 
 












Leica 307 Leica 1100
- ٩١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( Total Station ) ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Leica Tps 1100
 


















- ٩٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬





















EDM ‫א‬J ٣‫א‬‫א‬J ٢‫א‬J ١
 J ٦‫א‬J ٥‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬J ٩‫א‬‫א‬J ٨‫א‬J ٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١١‫א‬J ١٠
 ‫א‬J ١٤‫א‬J ١٣‫א‬J ١٢
 ‫א‬J ١٧‫א‬J ١٦‫א‬J ١٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٠‫א‬J ١٨

- ٩٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬com ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬













- ٩٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬










‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 

- ٩٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬










 










 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


- ٩٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬












 











 ‫א‬

- ٩٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
   ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬N ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬H E‫א‬F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬






 ‫א‬‫א‬





 ‫א‬



 
 










 ‫א‬
- ٩٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(TOTAL STATION )‫א‬‫א‬J ١
–‫א‬–‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢K
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
SATION POINT ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E , N , ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E , N , H
H
‫א‬‫א‬INS HIGHT ‫א‬‫א‬ BACK SIGHT 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬TARGT HIGHT
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ALL‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬DIST ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
 KK‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

- ١٠٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬




















- ١٠١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

POINT E N POINT E N

1 10089.924 88873.460 16 10174.662 88626.391

2 104.21.933 89012.822 17 10217.867 88677.544

3 10093.706 88844.605 18 10218.511 88628.374

4 10143.835 88865.453 19 10109.299 88608.010

5 10095.497 88820.838 20 10110.55 88589.465

6 10145.734 88827.532 21 10218.638 88613.372

7 10147.839 887.92.089 22 10219.211 88589.465

8 10097.933 88788.506 23 10067.782 88589.465

9 10152.730 88702.050 24 10083.898 88991251

10 10104.631 88699.596 25 10044.398 88990.095

11 10150.979 88676.117 26 10162.480 88874.443

12 10110.959 88675.330 27 10262.613 88892.672

13 10109.353 88623.438 28 10205.002 88839.644

14 10151.421 88625.340 29 10165.651 88823.155

15  10151.421 88676.613 30 10166.498 88807.335

- ١٠٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

POINT E N POINT E N

31 10212.324 88827.072 46 10337.981 88880.786

32 10221.612 88703.775 47 10315.330 88818.741

33 10172.673 88701.279 48 10292.140 88797.773

34 10259.693 88916.503 49 10341.587 88819.837

35 102.59.723 88863.736 50 10293.253 88774.094

36 10227.555 88833.768 51 10347.725 88763.601

37 162.72.745 88852.511 52 10237.889 88756.797

38 10278.368 88773.919 53 10240.063 88704.254

39 10232.292 88771.509 54 10295.533 88722.045

40 10278.106 88924.213 55 10309.685 88738.824

41 10277.994 88871.456 56 10323.332 88732.351

42 10333.831 88947.109 57 10334.049 88741.436

43 10331.340 88894.443 58 10347.725 88763.601

44 10288.905 88859.633 59 10347.384 88733.033

45 10311.793 88869.799 60 10347.243 88720.423

- ١٠٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

POINT E N POINT E N

61 10339.349 88710.155 76 10290.327 88616.869

62 10313.913 88708.396 77 10336.064 88619.134

63 10233.008 88678.967 78 10337.200 88595.155

64 10272.717 88681.025 79 10352.505 88595.781

65 10233.159 88655.051 80 10397.325 88620.203

66 10274.022 88656.254 81 10351.370 88619.759

67 10274.775 88634.922 82 10418.709 88589.465

68 10233.330 88632.109 83 10398.099 88597.940

69 10254.354 88614.311 84 10414.522 88690.341

70 10275.542 88614.806 85 10427.101 88689.986

71 10233.927 88612.812 86 10287.776 88682.081

72 10235.300 88588.502 87 10289.863 88632.109

73 10255.044 88587.465 88 10396.178 888636.161

74 10276.507 88589.465 89 10395.034 88687.342

75 10291.350 88589.465 90 10367.939 88710.954

- ١٠٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

POINT E N POINT E N

91 10397.644 88712.380 106 10427.101 88937.835

92 10413.733 88713.323 107 10420.501 88935.250

93 10427.101 88713.049 108 10358.075 88958.685

94 10404.889 88828.996 109 10402.182 88977.285

95 10427.101 88830.096 110 10416.493 88984.089

96 10365.116 88757.678 111 10427.101 88988.473

97 10395.035 88759.319

98 10363.810 88779.845

99 10393.822 88781.452

100 10361.216 88826.827

101 10391.167 88828.420

102 10359.858 88846.792

103 10411.733 88849.292

104 10427163 88850.289

105 10421.528 88916.300



- ١٠٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E`F‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    
     ‫א‬‫א‬
     

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A B‫א‬‫א‬
 A B‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
00 00 00 00 30‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 00

 ‫א‬‫א‬E ×F‫א‬‫א‬E`FJ ٢

EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
EF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

- ١٠٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٧
‫א‬‫א‬ J ٨

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬٪١٠٠‫א‬‫א‬


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤


 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EAutoCAD F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EAutoCAD F‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬










‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 AutoCAD‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬finish

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬K J ٥
‫א‬ J ٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬save as file ‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬D 
 ‫א‬‫א‬AutoCAD 2002
save ٢‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
enter all zoom view ‫א‬‫א‬
 entet aenter z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬point style format ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ok ‫א‬‫א‬








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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬layer‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬new ‫א‬
color‫א‬‫א‬name
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬new ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
ok

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬












‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 

 



- ١١٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬enter 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬line draw
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬enter ‫א‬
 ‫א‬ J ١
K‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א‬‫א‬

- ١١٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E`F‫א‬‫א‬

 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
   
     ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
    ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 E‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫ﺿﻊ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺻﺢ ) ` ( أﻣﺎم اﻟﻌﺒﺎرة اﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ وﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺧﻄﺎ ) × ( أﻣﺎم اﻟﻌﺒﺎرة اﻟﺨﻄﺄ‬
 

EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬KJ ٢
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
EF  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧


- ١١٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
< ã¹]<gè…‚jÖ]æ<ËÖ]<Üé×Ãj×Ö<íÚ^ÃÖ]<퉉ö¹]
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬













 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢








-١١٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G







 ‫א‬G






 EKKKKKKJ J –F‫א‬‫א‬G

-١١٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G

















-١١٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣

-١١٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

-١١٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 ‫א‬

 Z‫א‬‫א‬

 Z‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٢٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬














 EF‫א‬‫א‬












 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٢١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬













 EF‫א‬‫א‬













 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٢٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬












 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬












-١٢٣-
‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٤-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٥-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٦-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٧-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٨-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٢٩-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٣٠-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٣١-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٣٢-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٣٣-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬      


   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

-١٣٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec d min sec d min sec

-١٣٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣





 ‫א‬J ٤

 
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
        
       
       
       
       
       
       
       

-١٣٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥



















-١٣٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦

-١٣٨-
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ 
 

 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

 (θF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
∆ E ∆ N  δ ∆  E δ∆N ∆ E ∆ N E  N
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

-١٣٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬ E N

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ‬ E N

-١٤٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١









 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢





-١٤١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٣

 ‫א‬

-١٤٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٤٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-١٤٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٤٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
‫א‬

‫א‬
‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٤٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١

 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 

 EAutoCAD F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣


 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

-١٤٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١








 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢



 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

-١٤٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

-١٤٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١



 ‫א‬ J ٢




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬

 

 

 

 

 

-١٥٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


-١٥١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬













 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢








-١٥٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G






 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬G







 ‫א‬G





 EKKKKKKJ J –F‫א‬‫א‬G

-١٥٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬G



-١٥٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣



















-١٥٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬





-١٥٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢



 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٥٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬













 EF‫א‬‫א‬








 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٥٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬







 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٥٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

-١٦٠-
‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦١-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦٢-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦٣-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦٤-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦٥-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٦٦-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬      

 





  

-١٦٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣


 EF‫א‬‫א‬












 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٦٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬







 EF‫א‬‫א‬







 EF‫א‬‫א‬

-١٦٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬

 EF‫א‬‫א‬


-١٧٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-١٧١-
‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٢-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫‪‬‬
‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٣-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٤-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٥-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٦-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


‫وﻗﺖ اﻟﺮﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬ ‫درﺟﺔ اﻟﺤﺮارة ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮع اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬ ‫اﺳﻢ اﻟﺮاﺻﺪ ‪:‬‬

‫(‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﻘﻮس)‬ ‫(‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻠﺔ )‬ ‫رﻗﻢ اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬
‫‪‬א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪-١٧٧-‬‬
‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬
‫א‪‬א‪ ‬‬

‫ﻗﻴﻢ‬
‫ﻗﺮاءة اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة اﻷﻓﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ اﻟﻘﺮاءﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺻﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﺰاوﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
‫א‪‬א‪ EF‬‬

‫وﺿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫اﻟﺠﻬﺎز‬
‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬ ‫‪d‬‬ ‫‪min‬‬ ‫‪sec‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪B‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫א‪ ‬‬

‫‪F.L‬‬
‫‪F‬‬
‫‪F.R‬‬

‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ = ‪00‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﺨﻄﺄ = ﻣﺠﻤﻮع اﻟﺰاوﻳﺘﻴﻦ – ‪00 = 360‬‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬      

 







  

-١٧٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec d min sec d min sec

-١٧٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 Z‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
        
       
       
       
       
       
       
       




-١٨٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣




















-١٨١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤











-١٨٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ E N
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

-١٨٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬
d min sec d min sec d min sec

-١٨٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣


-١٨٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤

























-١٨٦-
‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ اﻹﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت‬ ‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت ﻣﺼﺤﺤﺔ‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬
 ‫א‬

 ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 (θF‫א‬‫א‬ δ‫اﻻﻧﺤﺮاف‬
 (θF‫א‬ ∆E  ∆N E N δE δN E N
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

-١٨٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬ E N
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

-١٨٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١









 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬J ٢








-١٨٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٣



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٤




 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬

 ‫א‬
N E N E

-١٩٠-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
N E N E

-١٩١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
N E N E

-١٩٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
N E N E

-١٩٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬

 ‫א‬
N E N E

-١٩٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١

 J 
 J 
 J 
 J 

 EAutoCAD F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤



-١٩٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ١








 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢



 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣



 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

-١٩٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬ J ١







 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢










-١٩٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١



 ‫א‬J ٢




‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬

 J 

 J 

 J 

 J 

 J 

-١٩٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬J 



 ‫א‬‫א‬J 




 ‫א‬‫א‬J 



‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬

-١٩٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  
  EF‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 LE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ J ١

 E‫א‬F‫א‬leica J ٢

 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٣

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤

- ٢٠٠ -

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS