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University Mohammed V

Mohammadia School of Engineers


MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING
2014
(If something moves or uses energy. a mechanical engineer was probably involved
in its design or production.)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents
What is Engineering ______________________________________________________________________________________ 1
Who is a Mechanical Engineer ___________________________________________________________________________ 3
Major Technical & Scientific subjects ___________________________________________________________________ 4
Major Management skills ________________________________________________________________________________ 5
General skills______________________________________________________________________________________________ 8
Major work fields _________________________________________________________________________________________ 9
Conclusion ______________________________________________________________________________________________ 11

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

What is engineering?

US DEPARTMENT OF LABORS DEFINITION


Engineers apply the principles of science and mathematics to develop economical
solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and
the commercial applications that meet societal and consumer needs.

ABET DEFINITION

Engineering is the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural


sciences gained by study, experience, and practices applied with judgment to develop
ways to utilize economically the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.

UNESCO DEFINITION

Engineering is the field or discipline, practice, profession and art that relates to the
development, acquisition and application of technical, scientific and mathematical
knowledge about the understanding, design, development, invention, innovation and use
of materials, machines, structures, systems and processes for specific purpose.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA DEFINITION


Professional art of applying science to the optimum conversion of the resources of nature
to the uses of humankind. Engineering is based principally on physics, chemistry, and
mathematics and their extensions into materials science, solid and fluid mechanics,
thermodynamics, transfer and rate processes, and systems analysis. A great body of
special knowledge is associated with engineering; preparation for professional practice
involves extensive training in the application of that knowledge. Engineers employ two
types of natural resources, materials and energy. Materials acquire uses that reflect their
properties: their strength, ease of fabrication, lightness, or durability; their ability to
insulate or conduct; and their chemical, electrical, or acoustical properties. Important
sources of energy include fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, and gas), wind, sunlight, falling
water, and nuclear fission.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

What is Mechanical engineering?


Applying mathematical, scientific knowledge and new technologies in a creative way to


develop products, machinery and mechanical systems, always bearing in mind the
ecological and economical aspects in benefit of society.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Major technical & scientific subjects:

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Machines are designed to fulfill some function (design), this include sketch, drafting,
CAD (Computer Aided Design).
Machines require power (Thermodynamics, combustion, Electrotechnic).
Machines pollute (air pollution control).
Machines make heat that has to be removed (heat transfer).
Machines move, so their motion must be understood (kinematics, dynamics,
Vibration) and controlled (controls, signals and systems).
Machines must be constructed (manufacturing), this includes CAM (computer Aided
Manufacturing).
Machines have to be made from something (materials).

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Major management skills:


PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT

Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, costs, and other techniques for
maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods, motivating, developing,
and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job Administration
and Management, Knowledge of business and management principles involved in
strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique,
production methods, and coordination of people and resources, is essential for
mechanical engineers.

QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing
customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting
quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Public Safety and Security - Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and
strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the
protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

ECONOMICS AND ACCOUNTING


Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets,
banking and the analysis and reporting of financial data.

SALES AND MARKETING


Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or
services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales
techniques, and sales control systems.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

General skills:

GENERAL CULTURE
Mechanical engineers should acquire a very broad technical and scientific knowledge,
knowledge of the maximum possible machines (how they work, how they are madeetc.)
Also they must possess knowledge about the job market, politics and the economic
situation of the country which they intend to work in.

TEAMWORK
A great engineer understands that they are part of a larger team working together to
make one project come together successfully, and therefore, must work well as part of that
team.

CRITICAL THINKING
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative
solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

READING COMPREHENSION & WRITING


Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents, and
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

SPEAKING & ACTIVE LISTENING


Talking to others to convey information effectively, persuading others to change their
minds or behavior. And giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time
to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not
interrupting at inappropriate times.

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Major work fields:


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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Major work fields:

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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Conclusion:
Mechanical Engineering can be fun and Exciting. We design vehicles that move fast and fly
high, and machines that allow mankind to do things they couldnt otherwise do.

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