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ERGONOMICS

Ergonomics is the study of how humans interact with manmade objects. The goal of ergonomics
is to create an environment that is well-suited to a user's physical needs.
While ergonomics is relevant in many areas, it is commonly applied to the workplace
environment. For example, ergonomics is often used to create comfortable workstations for
employees. This may involve choosing customized desks and chairs that fit each individual's
body type. It may also include providing employees with ergonomic keyboards and wrist rests
that provide better typing posture.
OFFICE ERGONOMICS TIPS
Follow these 9 office ergonomics tips to help you avoid fatigue:
1) Make sure that the weight of your arms is supported at all times. If your arms are not
supported, the muscles of your neck and shoulders will be crying by the end of the day.
2) Watch your head position, and try to keep the weight of your head directly above its base of
support (neck). Dont crane your head and neck forward.
3) The monitor should be placed directly in front of you, with the top no higher than eye level.
The keyboard should be directly in front of the monitor so you dont have to frequently turn
your head and neck.
4) Talking on the phone with the phone receiver jammed between the neck and ear is really
bad practice. You know thats true, so dont do it!
5) The keyboard and the mouse should close enough to prevent excessive reaching which
strains the shoulders and arms.
6) Avoid eye strain by making sure that your monitor is not too close, it should be at least an
arms length away.
7) Take steps to control screen glare, and make sure that the monitor is not placed in front of a
window or a bright background.
8) You can rest your eyes periodically for several seconds by looking at objects at a distance to
give your eyes a break.
9) The feet should not be dangling when you are seated. If your feet dont comfortably reach the
floor or there is pressure on the backs of your legs, use a footrest or lower the keyboard and
chair.
TIPS FOR AN ERGONOMIC COMPUTER WORKSTATION
1. Use a good chair with a dynamic chair back and sit back in this
2. Top of monitor casing 2-3" (5-8 cm) above eye level
3. No glare on screen, use an optical glass anti-glare filter where needed
4. Sit at arms length from monitor
5. Feet on floor or stable footrest
6. Use a document holder, preferably in-line with the computer screen
7. Wrists flat and straight in relation to forearms to use keyboard/mouse/input device
8. Arms and elbows relaxed close to body

9. Center monitor and keyboard in front of you


10. Use a negative tilt keyboard tray with an upper mouse platform or downward tiltable
platform adjacent to keyboard
11. Use a stable work surface and stable (no bounce) keyboard tray
12. Take frequent short breaks (microbreaks)