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NamoTassaBhagavatoArahatoSammaSambuddhasaHomage

to

theBlessedOne,theFully
EnlightenedOne,theRightSelfAwakenedone

BhavatuSabbaMangalamMayAllBeingsBeHappyandWell

TeachingofEnlightenedOnes

1.

Abstainfromallsinful,unwholesomeactions
2.

Performonlypiouswholesomeones
3.

Purifytheminds

AriyaSaccaFourNobleTruths

1.

Thetruthofsuffering(DukkhaSacca)
2.

Thetruthoforiginalcauseofsuffering(SamudayaSacca)
3.

Thetruthofcessationofsuffering(NirodhaSacca)
4.

Thetruthofthepathleadingtothecessationofsuffering(MaggaSacca)

MaggaSaccaNobleEightfoldPathMagginThreestagesortrainings
A.

Sila
(MoralityAbstainingfromunwholesomedeedsofbodyandspeech,purityofvocaland
physicalaction)

1.

SammaVaca(Rightspeech,purityofvocalaction)
i.

Avoidfalsehoodandspeakstruth
ii.

Avoidslanderandspeakstoreconciliation
iii.

Avoidharshwordsandspeakstobenefits
iv.

Avoididlegossipandspeaksattherighttime,inaccordancewiththefactsto
thepointandpurpose


2.

SammaKammanta(Rightaction,purityofphysicalaction)

3.

SammaAjiva(Rightlivelihood)
i.

Abandonsthewayoflivingwhichbringsharmandsufferingtoothers
ii.

Abandonssaleofarms,lethalweapons,animalsforslaughter,humanbeings,
alcoholsandpoisons

B.

Samadhi
(ConcentrationRemainfocusingarealobjectofthepresentmoment,controlof
onesownmind)

4.

SammaVayama(Righteffort,rightexercise)
i.

Keeptheunwholesomethoughtfromarising
ii.

Setasidethearisenunwholesomethought
iii.Createandnurturethewholesomethought
iv.Promoteandmaintainthewholesomethought

5.

SammaSati(Rightawareness,rightmindfulnessoftherealityofthepresent
moment)
i.

Kayanupassana(Activitiesofthebody)
ii.

Vedananupassana(FeelingorSensations)
iii.

Cittanupaassana(Activitiesofthemind)
iv.Dhammanupassana(ObjectsofThought)

6.

SammaSamadhi(Rightconcentration)

i.

Detachmentfromthesenses

ii.

Detachmentfromthoughtconceptionanddiscursivethinking
iii.Dwellingbeyondpleasureandpaininraptureandjoy
iv.Dwellingbeyondraptureandjoyinequanimity

C.

Panna
(WisdomReceived

wisdom,intellectualwisdom,experientialwisdominsightwhich
totallypurifiesthemind)

7.

SammaSankappa(Rightthought,AimorResolvefocusesonendeavorswhichcure
suffering,suchas)

a.

Nekkhamma(Renunciationofwant)
b.

Abyapada(Goodwillorlovingkindness)
c.

Avihimsa(Harmlessnesstowardssentientbeings

8.

SammaDitthi(RightUnderstanding,Viewattempttokeeptheframeofreferencein
mind)

a.

FourNobleTruths
b.

Unsatisfactoryandillusorynatureofself(Anicca,Dukkha,Anatta)

SamathaVipassana

SilaMorality

Practicedindailylifebyfollowingthefiveprecepts
TheFivePreceptsPancaSila

Iundertaketheruleoftrainingto:

1.

Toabstainfromkillinganybeing,livingcreatures
PanatipataVeramaniSikkhapadam
Samadiyami
2.

Toabstainfromstealing,takingwhatisnotgiven
AdinnadanaVeramaniSikkhapadam
Samadiyami
3.

Toabstainfromallsexualactivity,sexualmisconduct
KamesuMicchcaraVeramani

SikkhapadamSamadiyami
4.

Toabstainfromtellinglies,wrongspeech
MusaVadaVeramaniSikkhapadamSamadiyami
5.

Toabstainfromallintoxicantswhicharecausesofintemperatebehavior

SuraMerayaMajja
Pamadatthana
VeramaniSikkhapadamSamadiyami

TherearethreeadditionalpreceptsAtthangaSila

6.

Toabstainfromeatingaftermidday,atwrongtime
VikalaBhojanaVeramaniSikkhapadam
Samadiyami
7.

Toabstainfromsensualentertainment,musicandbodilydecoration,perfumes,jewels,
dancing,singing
NaccaGitaVaditaVisukaDassanaMalaGandhaVilepanaDharanaMandana

VibhusanatthanaVeramaniSikkhapadamSamadiyami
8.

Toabstainfromusinghighorluxuriousbeds
UccaSayanaMahaSayanaVeramani
SikkhapadamSamadiyami
SamadhiConcentration

1.

KhanikaSamadhi(Momentaryconcentration,concentrationsustainedfrommomentto
moment)
Sufficient

preparationinordertoabletobeginthepracticeof
Vipassana
2.

UpacaraSamadhi(Neighborhoodconcentrationofalevelapproachingastateof
adsorption)
3.

AppanaSamadhi(Attainmentconcentration,astateofmentaladsorption)

PannaWisdom

1.

ReceivedWisdom(Sutamayapanna)
2.

IntellectualWisdom(Cintamayapanna)
3.

ExperientialWisdom(Bhavanamayapanna)

Onlycantotallypurifiesthemind

AnapanaRespiration,awarenessofrespiration(AnapanaSati)

1.

Breath(entering/leavingthenostrils),thoughtmindfilledwithimpurities
(defilements)like


1.

MohaDelusions,brings
2.

YagaCraving,brings
3.

DosaHatred

SamathaVipassana

istocultivateconcentration.Asoneprogressesthroughvariouslevelsof
concentration,differentstagesofjoyandcalmnesswillarise.Andthiswilltemporarily
eradicatethethreecankersofmind,i.e.greed,hatredanddelusion.

VipassanaBhavanaSystematicdevelopmentofinsightthroughthemeditationtechniqueof
observingtherealityofoneselfbyobservingsensationwithinthebody,practitionersfocus
theirmindsoneverchangingobjectsofreality.Theirmindsinvestigatethenatural
phenomenaofthemindandbodyprocessesineverypresentmoment

SamathaVipassana

2.

Topurifythemindtofreefrommiserybygraduallyeradicatingnegativitieswithin

Bysimplyobserverespiration(Concentratebreathingin/outandobserve,
hencethemindisfreefromdefilementsandpurifiedintheconsciouslevel)

Impuritieshiddeninthesubconsciousrisetotheconsciouslevelcauses
variousmentalorphysicaldiscomfortsoragitation(Continueworkingdiminishes
difficultiesgraduallyinsubconsciousmindsanddifficultiespassesaway
eventually)

Remain(SammaSati)awarenessFouraggregatesofthemind

1.

Consciousness
2.

Perception
3.

Sensation(pain,discomfort,agitation)

4.

Reaction

Remain

(Upekha)equanimous

towardsensation(equanimitydoesntreact,
observe,understand,

stateofmindfreefromcraving,aversion,ignorance)isthe
waytoemergefromsufferingoreradicateSankhara(stopgeneratingnewones).

Notes:

TiRatanaSaranaRefugeintheTripleGem

BuddhamSaranamGacchamiTakeRefugeintheBuddha

DhammamSaranamGacchamiTakeRefugeintheDhamma

SanghamSaranamGacchamiTakeRefugeintheSangha

BrahmaViharaDivinestateofmindsinwhichfourpurequalitiesarepresentcultivation
throughmeditationpractice

1.

Selflesslove(Metta)
2.

Compassion(Karuna)
3.

Joyatthegoodfortuneofothers(Mudita)
4.

Equanimitytowardsallthatoneencounters(Upekkha)


TiLakkhanaSign,distinguishingmark,characteristics

1.

AniccaImpermanent,changing,ephemeral
2.

DukkhaSuffering
3.

Anattanonself,egoless,withoutessence/substance

ParamiPerfection,virtue,wholesomementalqualitythathelpstodissolveegoismandthus
leadsonetoliberation

1.

Dana(Charity)
2.

Sila(Morality)
3.

Nekkhamma(Renunciation)
4.

Panna(Wisdom)
5.

Viriya(Effort)
6.

Khanti(Tolerance)
7.

Sacca(Truthfulness)
8.

Adhitthana(StrongDetermination)
9.

Metta(Selflesslove)
10.

Upekkha(Equanimity)

PaticcaSamuppadaAnuloma

TheChainofConditionedArising,CausalGenesis,processbeginninginignorancebywhichonekeeps
makinglifeafterlifeofsufferingforoneself


1.

Withthebaseofignorance/illusion(Avijja),mentalreaction(Sankhara)arises

AvijjaPaccayaSankhara
2.

Withthebaseofmentalreaction,consciousnessarises
SankharaPaccaya
Vinnanam
3.

Withthebaseofconsciousness,mindandbodyarises
VinnanamPaccayaNama
Rupam
4.

Withthebaseofmindandbody,thesixsensesarises
NamaRupaPaccaya
Salayatanam
5.

Withthebaseofsixsenses,contactarises
SalayatanamPaccayaPhassa
6.

Withthebaseofcontact,sensationarises
PhassaPaccayaVedana
7.

Withthebaseofsensation,cravingandaversionarises
VedanaPaccayaTanha
8.

Withthebaseofcravingandaversion,attachmentarises
TanhaPaccaya
Upadanam
9.

Withthebaseofattachment,theprocessofbecoming(Pregnancy)arises
UpadanamPaccayaBhava
10.

Withthebaseoftheprocessofbecoming(Pregnancy),birtharises
Bhava
PaccayaJati
11.

Withthebaseofbirth,ageinganddeatharisestogetherwithsorrow,lamentation,
physicalandmentalsufferingsandtribulations

JatiPaccayaJaraMaranamSokaParideva
DukkhaDomanasSupayasaSambhavanti
12.

Thusarisestheentiremassofsuffering

PaticcaSamuppadaPatiloma

1.

Withthecompleteeradicationandcessationofignorance,reactionceases
AvijjayaTvevaAsesaViragaNirodhaSankharaNirodho
2.

Withthecessationofreaction,consciousnessceases

SankharaNirodhaVinnana
Nirodho
3.

Withthecessationofconsciousness,mindandbodyceaseVinnana

Nirodha
NamaRupaNirodho
4.

Withcessationofmindandbody,thesixsensescease
NamaRupaNirodha
SalayatanaNirodho

5.

Withthecessationofthesixsenses,contactceases

SalayatanaNirodhaPhassa
Nirodho
6.

Withthecessationofcontact,sensationceases

PhassaNirodhaVedanaNirodho
7.

Withthecessationofsensation,cravingandaversioncease
VedanaNirodha
TanhaNirodho
8.

Withthecessationofcravingandaversion,attachmentceases

TanhaNirodha
UpadanaNirodho
9.

Withthecessationofattachment,theprocessofbecomingceasesUpadana
NirodhaBhavaNirodho
10.

Withthecessationoftheprocessofbecoming,birthceases
BhavaNirodhaJati
Nirodho
11.

Withthecessationofbirth,ageinganddeathceasetogetherwithsorrow,
lamentation,physicalandmental
sufferingsandtribulations
JatiNirodhaJaraMaranamSokaParidevaDukkha
DomanassupayasaNirujjhantiEvameTassaKevalassaDukkhakkhandassaNirodhoHoti
12.

Thusthisentiremassofsufferingceases

SufferingDukkhaAttachmenttothefiveaggregatesissuffering

1.

Birthissufferingandageingissuffering(JatipiDukkha,JarapiDukkha)
2.

Sicknessissufferinganddeathissuffering(VyadhipiDukkha,Maranampi
Dukkham)
3.

Associationwiththeunpleasantissuffering(AppiyehiSampayogoDukkho)
4.

Dissociationwiththepleasantissuffering(PiyehiVippayogoDukkho)
5.

Nottogetwhatonewantsissuffering(YampicchamNaLabhatiTampiDukkham)

Attachmenttothefiveaggregatesissuffering(SankhittenaPancupadanakkhandaDukkha)

SatipathanaTheEstablishingofAwareness,therearefourinterconnectedaspectsof
Satipathana

1.

Observationofbody(Kayanupassana)
2.

Observationofsensationsarisingwithinbody(Vedananupassana)
3.

Observationofmind(Cittanupaassana)
4.

Observationofthecontentsofthemind(Dhammanupaassana)

MahaBhutaniTheFourElementsofwhichmatteriscomposed

1.

PathaviDhatu(EarthelementWeight)
2.

TejoDhatu(FireelementTemperature)
3.

ApoDhatu(WaterelementCohesion)
4.

VayoDhatu(AirelementMotion)

KhandhaMass,group,aggregates,humanbeingiscomposedoffiveaggregates

1.

Rupa(Matter)
2.

Vinnana(Consciousness)
3.

Sanna(Perception)
4.

Vedana(Feeling/Sensation)
5.

Sankhara(Reaction)
FourNobleTruths
1)DukkhaSacca(Thetruthofsuffering.ThefiveKhandas,orRupaandNama,aresuffering.)
2)SamudayaSacca(ThecauseofthearisingofDukkha=Tanhaorcraving.)
3)NirodhaSacca(Cessationofdefilements=Nibbana)
4)MaggaSacca(EightFoldPath)
CharacteristicsoftheFourNobleTruths
1)DukkhaSacca:Characterizedbyrestlessness,inabilitytostaythesame.Bothbodyandmindarerestless.
BodyisrestlessfromDukkhaVedana,andmindeverseekstofindanewobjectofpleasuretobehappy,

whentheyareinfactjustcuringsuffering.Theo
newhoendssufferingdoesntseekconstantlyand
compulsivelyfordifferentobjectsofpleasurebuthaspeaceandcontentment.
2)SamudayaSacca:ThecauseofthisrestlessnessandpleasureseekingisSamudaya(thethreeTanha).
RupaandMamaneverstopworking;seeing,hearing,touching,smelling,investigating,determining,etc.
3)NirodhaSacca:Characterizedbyfreedomfromrestlessness,becauseitisfreeofTanha;hasthe
peacefulnessofNibbana.

4)MaggaSacca:CharacterizedbyhavingtheproperqualitiesnecessarytorealizetheFourNobleTruths
andreachNibbana.
HowtoApplytheNobleTruths
1)Realizingsuffering(sufferingistheFiveKhandas:RupaandNama).Thisisnotordinarysuffering(aches
andpains)butinherentsuffering(DukkhaSacca).
2)Samudayaisthecauseofsuffering.
3)Nirodha(sufferingisextinguished:cessation)
4)FollowingtheEightFoldPathleadstorealizingtheFourNobleTruths.
HowthisPracticeFitstheFourNobleTruths
1)Itshowsthetruthofsuffering:Andsowepracticetorealizesuffering.SufferingisRupaandNama.
2)Itshowsdefilementsleadtosuffering:SowepracticetoeradicateTanha.Themorewerealizesuffering
themorecraving(Tanha)iseradicatedbecauseTanhahasthewrongviewthatRupaandNamaarewe,
andthatwesuffer.
3)Reducingdefilementleadstowardcessation(Nirodha)becausethemorecravingiseradicated,thecloser
yougettoNirodha,orNibbana.
4)Themorewereachcessation,themorethe8FoldPathisdeveloped.
IfPannarealizesDukkhaSacca,thenallFourNobleTruthsarerealized,andthepracticeisperfect.
AfolloweroftheBuddha,withconcentration,awarenessandconstantthoroughunderstandingof
impermanence,knowswithwisdomthesensations,theirarising,theircessationandthepathleadingto
theirend.Ameditatorwhohasreachedtheendofsensationsisfreedfromcraving,fullyliberated.
TheBuddhafurthersaysveryemphaticallythattheA
riyoAtthangikoMaggo
(theNobleEightfoldPath)has
thepurposeofunderstanding
Vedana
andreachingthestateof
VedanaNirodha
(CessationofSensations)
Therearethesethreetypesofbodilysensations.Whatarethethree?

Therearepleasantsensation,unpleasantsensationandsensationwhichisneutral.TheNobleEightfoldPath
shouldbepracticedforthecompleteknowledge,thefullrealization,thegradualeradicationandthe
abandonmentofthesethreebodilysensations.
Sensations(
Vedana
)arethetoolsbywhichwecanpracticetheFourNobleTruthsandtheNobleEightfold
Path;andbyrealizingthecharacteristicof
Anicca
(impermanence)wefreeourselvesfromthebondsof
A
vijja
and
Tanha
andpenetratetotheultimatetruth:N
ibbana
,freedomfromsuffering,astatewhichis
beyondthefieldof
vedana
beyondthefieldof
NamaRupa
(MindMatter)
1.

DukkhaSacca

ThefirstNobleTruthofsufferinginvolvesclearlyseeingandthereby
discerningthatbecauseallconditionedphenomenaareimpermanent,theyareunsatisfactory.Therefore
it'stheendingofclingingtoanyandallconditionedphenomenathattheBuddhacallsthedeathless
(Amata)liberationofmind(CittassaVimokkha)

i.

PhysicalPain(Hunger,Itches,Ache)

ii.

MentalPain(Irritation,Stress,Frustration,LossofLovedOne)

2.

SamudayaSacca

ThesecondNobleTruthisthetruthofthecauseofsuffering
(Samudaya)whichiscravingorTanha.TherearethreekindsofTanha:
1)Kamatanha(sensualcraving)ofthefivesenses(form,sound,odor,taste,touch)for
Kammacunda(sensualpleasureorsensualobjects).Ifthereisnopleasureinsensualobjects,
thereisnoKamatanha.Forexample,ifyouhaveIndriyasamvarasila(senserestraint)withall
fivesenses,youwillhavenoKamatanhaatthattime.Kamatanhaiscompletelyerasedatthe
AnagamiPath(OnceReturner)
2)Bhavatanha(cravingforexistence).Bhavameansliterallybecoming,whichrefersto
repeatedandsuccessiveexistencefromrebirth.TherearethirtyoneBhava,orstatesof
becoming,rangingfrombirthinthestatesofunhappinessandgoinguptothehighest
heavenlystate.Bhavatanhacausespeoplewhoareevenmortallyillorseriouslyinjuredor
handicappedtoclingtolifeandfeardeath.BhavatanhaiserasedattheArahattaPath.
3)Vibhavatanha(cravingfornonexistence).ThisistheAnnihilationistviewthatthereiso
nly
o
nelifeanditendsatdeath.Thus,becausethereiso
nlyo
nelife,theannihilationistwantsto
haveasmuchpleasureaspossible,whilestillalive.TheStreamWinnerpathmoment
eradicatesVibhavatanha.
EveryonehasKamatanha,butwithKamatanhatheyeitherhaveBhavaTanhaorVibhavatanhathatis,they
craveexistenceornonexistence.Allofthe3typesofTanhaaboveresultinrebirthinanewexistence.
(Bhumi).
Andsothecravingandaversionarisingfromignorantlyidentifyingwithconditionedphenomena,andthe
inevitablesufferingthatresultsfromsuchidentificationandcraving,constitutesthetruthoftheoriginof
suffering.

3.

NirodhaSacca
ThethirdNobleTruthNirodhaisthecessationorextinctionofsuffering.
NirodhaandNibbanaarethesame.NibbanaistheDhammathatextinguishesKilesa,andsoDukkha.
ThisisdonebyextinguishingthecauseofDukkhaSamudayaorthethreeTanha(Craving,Hunger,
andLonging):
1.

Cravingfor"sensuality"or"sensualpleasures"(KamaTanha)
2.

Cravingfor"becoming"or"existence"(BhavaTanha)
3.

Cravingfor"nobecoming"or"nonexistence"or"extermination"(VibhavaTanha)

InNibbanamomentarilythereisnoDukkha,becausethefiveKhandasareextinguished.Thisoccursbriefly
inthethoughtmomentcalledMaggaSacca.WhenthepractitionerrealizesDukkhabywisdomthenone
knowsthatTanhaisthecauseandsooneknowsthatonemustgetridofTanha.Whenthecauseis
extinguished,theresultisextinguished.
IfTanhaiscompletelyeradicated,thenfinalNibbanaisreached,andArahantship.Ifthepractitionerdoesnt
realizetanhaisharmful,hecantreachNibbanaandthusextinguishDukkha.Nibbanais:
Theextinctionofthefiresofgreed,ofhatred,andofignorance;theunconditioned;thesupremegoalof
Buddhism;theSummumBonumofBuddhism;thefinalemancipation;theextinctionofalldefilementsand
suffering.

ThecharacteristicofNirodha(Nibbana)ispeacefulness,quietudeandfreedomfromKilesa.Theo
newho
realizesNibbanaisgoodanddesirableisalsotheo
newhowillrealizesufferingintheworld(theFive
Khandas).Ifo
nethinkstheworldishappy,Nibbanahasnomeaningforhim.

ThereisnorebirthinNibbanaandnodeath.ThereisnoRupaandNamaanymore,orFiveKhandas;Rupa
andNamaarenolongertheobjectofmeditation.Nibbanaisnotaplace,butitstillexists.Itislikethe
wind;youo
nlyknowitbyitseffect.

NibbanaisanobjectofanexcellentorspecialSacca,whichisMaggaSacca.Theordinarypersonis
saturatedinKilesaandMaggaSaccacannotariseinhimunlesshetakesupthepracticeofVipassana.So
whenhepracticesVipassanatheSaccaoftheo
newhopracticesbecomespurified,andthatiscalled
MaggaSacca,whichhasNibbanaasanobject.NibbanaisnotSacca;NibbanaistheobjectofSacca,which
isMaggaSacca.
Theo
newhoreachesNibbanaknowsbyoneselfonedoesnotneedateachertotellhim.Nobodycan
reachNibbanauntilonepracticesVipassanaandVipassanaPannabecomesMaggaSacca.
NibbanaistheendofDukkha,butyoucantreachNibbanaunlessyoufollowtheEightFoldPath.Thereare
twokindsofNibbana:
1)Saupadisesanibbana(Nibbanarealizedwiththebodyremaining).Thisiswithkilesaextinguished
butFiveKhandasremaining.
2)Anupadisesanibbana(NibbanarealizedwithbothKilesaandFiveKhandasextinguished.)Thisis
thedeathofbodyandmindofo
newithoutdefilement,andiscalledParinibbana.
4.

MaggaSacca

ThefourthNobleTruthMaggaSaccawhichistheEightFoldPathleadingtothewayout

ofsuffering.
Maggameanspath,andthatpathleadstoNibbana,whichistheDhammathatextinguishessuffering.
Thereiso
nlyo
newaytofollowtheEightFoldPathandthatisbypracticingSatipathana,whichisthefirst
pathofBodhipakkhiyadhamma,andleadstopurification,ortheeliminationofKilesa.TheEightFoldPathis
composedofSila,Samadhi,andPannaandistheo
nlywaytoendsuffering.


TheEightFoldPath
Wisdom(Panna):
1)RightUnderstanding(SammaDitthi)RealizingtheFourNobleTruths,whichistorealizethe
SabhavaDhammaofthetruthsastheyare.Ifitismundane,RupaNamaistheobject.Ifitis
supramundane,Nibbanaistheobject.
2)RightThought(SammaSankappa)
Nekkhamma:selfdenial;Abyapada:nonhatred;andAhimsa:nonharming.Thefunctionofright
thoughtisveryimportant.ItisusedtohelpAtapiAtiSampajannatoworkcorrectlyinSatipathana.
Morality(Sila):
3)RightSpeech(SammaVaca)Nolies,obscenity,idletalk,ortalkharmfultoothers.(Therootof
thesefourAkusulaactionsisLobha,DohsaandMoha.Itthereisrightthoughttheycannotoccur).
4)RightAction(SammaKammanta)Preceptsforexample,noharmingoflivingthings.(Right
thoughtassuresrightaction).
5)RightLivelihood(SammaAjiva)
Noharmfuloccupation,suchassellinggunsetc.(Eveneatingtocuresufferingisaformofright
livelihood).
Concentration(Samadhi):

6)RightEffort(SammaVayama)FourgreateffortstogetridofKilesa.TheFourGreatEffortshelp
concentration(Samadhi)andwisdom(Panna)tooccur.
7)RightMindfulness(SammaSati)ReferstomindfulnessinSatipathana.Rightmindfulness
dependso
nRightEffortinordertodevelop.

8)RightConcentration(SammaSamadhi)o
nepointedness,orcollectedness,inthepresent
moment,inSatipathana.Tobeperfect,RightConcentrationneedshelpfromRightEffortandRight
Mindfulness.
InorderforRightConcentration(Samadhi)tobecorrect,itsobjectmustbefromthefour
foundationsofSatipathana.
WhatdowemeanbyPath?
Thereiso
nlyo
nePath,thewaytoenlightenment.ButthePathcontainseightelements.Thus,
theEightFoldPathislikeamedicationthatcontainseightingredients,butitisnecessarytotake
o
nlyo
nepill.
TheEightFoldPathwasdiscoveredbytheLordBuddha,anddidnotexistbeforehistime.

TheEightFoldPathisMajjhimapatipadatheMiddleWay.TheMiddleWaydestroysMoha
(delusion).WhenMohaisdestroyedcompletely,theFourNobleTruthsarerealized.

TheEightFoldPathisactuallyeightCetasikas(mentalproperties).Ithasnoselforsoul,isnotman
orwoman.ItisSabhava.ThusnobodyrealizesDukkhaSacca,nobodyeradicatesSamudayaSacca,
nobodyreachesNirodhaSacca,andnobody
developsMaggaSacca.

WisdomthatRealizestheFourNobleTruths
1)ThewisdomthatrealizesDukkhaalsoextinguishesVipallasa(perversityofperceptioni.e.
bodyandmindarepermanent,etc.)
2)ThewisdomthatrealizesSamudaya(causeofsuffering)changesthewrongviewthatwewere
createdbyahigherpower,insteadofbeingtheresultofcauses.
3)ThewisdomthatrealizesNirodhacorrectsthewrongviewaboutfalseNibbana,whichiscreated
bySamadhi.
4)ThewisdomthatrealizesMaggaerasesanyclingingtowrongpracticeandshowsthetruepaththatends
suffering.
BecauseTanhaiseradicated(thecause),theworldofthefiveKhandasisextinguished,andsoDukkhais
extinguished.ThewisdomthatrealizestheFourNobleTruthsisfoundo
nlyinBuddhism.
Conclusion
Inshort,

DukkhaSaccaislikeaheavyload.

SamudayaSaccaislikecarryingtheheavy
load.

NirodhaSaccaisputtingdowntheload,so
wefeelbetter.

MaggaSaccaisthewaytoputdownthe
heavyload.

SammaDitthiisTheOnlyPathToNirvana
1.

Thetruthof
Suffering
(DukkhaSacca)(
SimYeChin
)
2.

Thetruthof
OriginalCauseofSuffering
(SamudayaSacca)(
LawBa
)
3.

Thetruthof
Cessation

ofSuffering
(NirodhaSacca)(
Nibban
)

4.

Thetruthofthe
PathLeadingtotheCessationofSuffering
(MaggaSacca)
(
ThaDe
)

Sila
SammaVaca,SammaKammanta,SammaAjiva

Samadhi

SamaVayama,SammaSati,Samma
Samadhi

Panna

SammaSankappa,SammaDitthi
>ThePathToNirvana