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# ORBIT

19. Which of the following does not change, when a photon enters glass from air?
MBBS PREPARATION a) Momentum b) Velocity c) Wavelength d) Energy
Nature of Light and Polarisation (Set-I) 20. Yellow light has wavelength 600 nm in air. What is the wavelength of yellow light in water.
1. That the photons possess momentum was proved by: Refractive index of water = 4/3.
a) Compton b) Bhor c) planck d) Einstein a) 600 nm b) 450 nm c) 300 nm d) 800 nm
2. Huygen’s principle of secondary waves is used to: 21. 5% of the energy supplied to a lamp is radiated as a visible light. How many quanta of light are
a) obtain the wave front geometirically b) explain polarization emitted per second by 100 watt lamp. Assume the average wavelength of visible light at 555 nm?
c) obtain focal length of thick lenese d) explain dispersion of light a) 0.7  1019 b) 1.4  1019 c) 2.1  1019 d) 2.8  105
3. In vacuum, speed of light depends upon 22. Frequency of photon having energy 66 eV is
a) wavelength b) frequency c) colour d) none of the above a) 8  10-15 Hz b) 12  10-15 Hz c) 16  10-15 Hz d) None
4. The eye is most sensitive to the light of wavelength: 23. What is the angle between the plane of oscillation and plane of polarization of the polarized light?
a) 555 m b) 555 Å c) 555  10-9 m d) 555  10-9 m a) 0 b) /4 c) /2 d) 
5. The time taken by the light to travel a distance of 3 cm is: 24. Optically active substances are those which:
a) 10-8 s b) 108 s c) 10-10 s d) 1010 s a) rotate the plane of polarization b) cause double refraction
6. The visibility is more with which one of the following wavelength? c) polarize light d) do none of the above
a) 60  10-8 m b) 55  10-8 m c) 50  10-8 m d) 45  10-8 m 25. Which of the following phenomenon confirms the transverse nature of the light waves?
7. The wavelength of the light of a laser beam can be used as a standard of a) Interference b) Diffraction c) Polarisation d) None of the above
a) time b) temperature c) length d) none of the above 26. Which of the following material may be used for manufacturing polaroids?
8. Which of the following does not support the wave nature of light? a) Calcite b) Quartz c) Tourmaline d) Quinine iodosulphate
a) Interference b) Diffraction c) Dispersion d) Photoelectric effect 27. What is the angle between the direction of oscillation of the light waves and the direction of
9. What is the order of the energy of the visible photon? propagation?
a) 1 keV b) 10 keV c) 100 keV d) 1 MeV a) 0 b) /4 c) /2 d) 
10. Which of the following is NOT a property of light? 28. From the Brewster’s law it follows that the angle of polarization depends on:
a) it can travel through vacuum b) It requires material medium for propagation a) Wavelength b) frequency c) plane of polarization d) plane of vibration
c) it involves transportation of energy d) it has finite speed 29. If e and o be the refractive indices of the crystal for E-ray and O-ray respectively, then for the
11. Which of the following forms a part of electromagnetic spectrum? negative crystal which of the following relation is correct?
a) -rays b) -rays c) -rays d) none of the above a) e = o b) e < o c) e > o d) e  o
12. Who was the first to predict the deflection of light rays by the gravitational field? 30. The line along which the light travels and the plane of polarization are inclined to each other at:
a) Einstein b) Newton c) Maxwell d) Galileo a) /4 b) /2 c) 3/4 d) None of the above
13. The momentum of the photon is given by: 31. If the brewster’s angle be , then the critical angle is:
a) h b) h c) hc d) h a) 90 - b) /2 c) sin-1 tan  d) sin-1 cot 
v cv  c
32. A ray of light is incident on the glass plate at an angle of incidence equal to the Brewster’s angle
14. The energy of a photon of wavelength  is (b). Let  be the refractive index of the glass slab. If the grazing angle for the incident ray be 30,
then the angle of refraction will be:
a) hc b) hc c)  d) h a) 30 b) 60 c) tan-1  d) b/2
 hc c 33. An unpolarised beam of intensity 2I2 passes through a thin Polaroid. Assuming that no light is
15. What is momentum of a photon of wavelength 1 nm in SI units? absorbed by the Polaroid, the amplitude of the emergent beam will be;
a) h b) 103 h c) 106 h d) 109 h a) 2I2 b) I2 c) 2I d) I
16. If h is Planck’s constant, the momentum of a photon of wavelength 0.01 Å is 34. When the analyser is rotated, one observes
a) 10-2 h b) h c) 102 h d) 1012 h a) One extinction and two brightnesses b) One brightness and two extinctions
17. Given Planck’s constant h = 6.6  10 Js. The momentum of each photon in a given radiation is 3.3
-34
c) Two extinctions and two brightnesses d) None of the above
 10-29 kgm/s. the frequency of radiation is: 35. When a Polaroid is rotated the intensity of light varies but never reduces to zero. It shows that the
a) 3  103 Hz b) 6  1010 Hz c) 7.5  1012 Hz d) 1.5  1013 Hz incident light is:
18. The mass of photon at rest is a) completely plane polarized b) partially plane polarized
c) unpolarised d) none of the above
a) zero b) hv c) hc d) hv
 c
36. A rotating calcite crystal is placed over an ink dot. On seeing through the crystal one finds:
a) Two stationary dots b) Two dots moving along straight lines
c) One dot rotating about the other d) Both dots rotating about a common axis.
37. Two nicol prisms are inclined to each other at 30. If I be the intensity of the light incident on the
first prism, then what will be the intensity of the light emerging form the second prism?
3 1 1 3
a) I b) I c) I d) I
4 2 4 8
38. A ray of light is incident on a glass plate at 60. The reflected and refracted rays are found to be
mutually perpendicular. The refractive index of the glass is:
a) 2 b) 1.73 c) 1.50 d) 1.15
39. Unpolarized light of intensity 32 W/m2 is incident on the combination of three polaroids. The first
and last polaroids are crossed. If the intensity of the light transmitted through the combination be 3
W/m2, then what is the angle between the transmission axes of first two polroids?
a) 0 b) 30 d) 45 d) 60