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TG20:13

The Changes

TG20:13

Introduction and background to TG20:13


The NASC Suite of Documents
Legal Framework and Endorsements
TG20 Compliant Scaffolds Types
Wind
Ties and Anchors
Summary

Acknowledgement to the NASC

What is TG20?
TG20 represents the general rules of the scaffolding industry.
It is mainly a technical document, and therefore not very
readable.
It is aimed at tube and fittings, but a number of aspects ( eg
foundations, board supports, scaffold boards, access) equally
apply to systems.
Calculations would be required for every tube and fittings
scaffold without TG20. It provides standard configurations
It can be considered the industry Code of Practice.

Purpose of New Guidance


Previous versions of TG20 have permitted only a narrow scope
of Basic or Standard Scaffolds without design.
One of the main objectives of TG20:13 is to reduce the number
of designs required, and enable the rules to be understood and
applied without recourse to specialists.
It is in many ways a new set of rules.
The CISRS Basic Scaffold Inspection Course will now
run to 3 days.
The eGuide software gives better results than the Operational
Guide.

Introducing TG20:13
A comprehensive guide to good practice for tube and fitting

scaffolding

TG20: 13 Changes
1.
2.

Now includes NASC SG and TG document content


Wind code now more specific from BSEN 1991-1-4

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New windmap ( Operations Guide explains types)


TG20 Compliant Scaffolds explained
TG20 Operations Guide
Choice of Limit State or Permissable Stress in design approach.
Faade Bracing can be in single bay
Scaffold designations unchanged but only part of the story
Doubled standards now specifically mentioned
Transom tubes now have 25mm tolerance through the coupler.
Telescopic Transoms encouraged
Detailed info on use of Hop-Up Brackets
Band and Plates now mentioned
2.4m Bays only permitted in Operational Guide, not 2.7m.
More emphasis on 900mm board spacings on 3Kn Class 4
Laminated and plastic boards included, plastic can overhang 180mm, not 150mm.
Max span of boards does not mention 50 or 63mm boards, just scaffold boards
Readylok/ Prefabricated Transom Units now included
Lift Shaft Towers added

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Structural Transoms included


Transom couplers : no longer refers to sheeted scaffolds needing right angle or swivels, but TG20 compliant
Short boards dimension 2.15 not 2.13m

23.

Use of Sleeve Couplers : Joints should be made with sleeve couplers, but ok in Standards, qualified

TG20: 13 Changes
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Plan Bracing wording expanded to explain


Guardrails should use right angle couplers, not swivels or putlog couplers
Single Guardrails ok on unboarded lifts.
Guardrail height defined as 950 to 1260 if scaffold boards as toeboards (?)
Extending platform by 6 ft still ok, design if longer
New Cantilever Platform wording
Extensive New Tie text, inc sheeting options and their effect.
More tie classes: now 4 ( class B)
Tie details no longer in Design Guide, but Operations Guide
( minimal re-use of some anchor types in OG)
Abnormal facades: inspect with teleboom
Rakers: more stringent requirements for external Rakers, inc wing bracing, resistance to uplift.
Access is mainly in the Operations Guide
Access hierarchy: integral ladder bay may be substituted
Ladder Towers projecting beyond the scaffold are a special case
Pavement Lifts major new guidance eg modified ties not mandatory
Openings and bridges have much more guidance
Bridging includes 750mm beams
Internal and external faade bracing required around openings
Minimum beam structural properties now included

TG20: 13 Changes
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Loading Bays: now can be 4.0m, not 3.0m


Loading Bay Gates now included
Loading Bays which project beyond the faade are special cases

Guardrail wording now ensures protection at all times


Ladder beams now stated as 3.05m, not 3.35m
Birdcages : definition no longer multiplicity of standards, but a grid
New load classes
Dimensions now relate to load classes of birdcages

can be wider than 2.1m with ladder beams used


More birdcage illustrations ( Operations Guide has far more bracing details)
Indoor birdcages now refer to BSEN 12811 for wind
Overturning factors of safety now 1.5 not 1.2
Single lift birdcages :brace one in 4 bays.
The maximum number of unbraced internal bays is governed by the number of lifts
Access Towers new 0.75kN load class
Outriggers mentioned for towers
Tied Towers have new text: ? tied every lift?
Mobile Towers have no TG20 compliant designs ( some info in Design Guide)
Design assumptions for internal and external towers stated
Limited wind conditions for compliant towers
( Wind Management system in Op Guide)
At least 2 lifts of external towers should be boarded to resist overturning
Public Access Staircases now more fully detailed, inc references
More details from BSEN12811 on Tube and Fittings Stairs.

TG20: 13 Changes
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Foundation Loadings provided to aid clients


Tolerances are emphasised
Special Scaffolds not in Operational Guide
Node point restraint mentioned
Protection Fans: statement of general limitations

New Fan Standard is coming


Stair Towers: greater revised text, same loadings
Dimensions from BSEN 12811 now included.
Staircases No toeboard requirement unless
Cantilever scaffolds : similar text, but more specific about the way load is applied to the structure.
Safety during erection now included.
Lifting Gantries: unchanged, but CAD mentioned
Temporary Buildings : Out, now in TG9
Definition of Class A in Op Guide is fittings, not paint drips
Class A Fan illustration no longer wire shown
Class C Fan : vertical drop 6m, not 10m
Decking: Safety netting now included
Projecting of Fan included ( limited in OG?)
Pavement Frames : much more detail
Identification of EN74 Couplers

Legal Framework and


Endorsements

Work at Height Regulations 2005


Schedule 3 part 2 additional requirements for scaffolding
7) Strength & stability calculations for scaffolding shall be
carried out unless

a) A note of calculations, covering the structural


arrangements contemplated is available; or,
b) It is assembled in conformity with a generally
recognised standard configuration.

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HSE Support
The Work at Height Regulations 2005 require that
strength and stability calculations are carried out for
scaffolds unless they conform to a recognised standard
HSE is pleased to acknowledge that TG20 has been
written by NASC to provide such a standard
Heather Bryant, Chief Inspector of Construction
Health and Safety Executive

12

UKCG Support
We applaud and support the work of
the NASC which will no doubt result in
safer scaffolding
The UKCG recommend the adoption
and standardised use of TG20:13
both within and outside the
construction sector.

Stephen Ratcliffe,
Director UK Contractors Group

13

TG20 Compliant Scaffolding


TG20 compliant scaffolds have been
designed by structural calculation in
accordance with BS EN 12811.
Design advice should be sought for
any scaffold outside of the scope of
TG20 Compliant Scaffolding.
TG20 compliant scaffolds were
previously referred to as Basic or
Standard Scaffolds.

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TG20 Compliance Sheets


Demonstrates compliance
and that bespoke design is
not required.
Typical Scaffolds included
in TG20:13 Operational
Guide (Chapter 03).
Wider variations included
in the TG20 eGuide.
Design advice must be
sought for any scaffold
outside the scope of a
TG20 Compliance Sheet.

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What is a Basic Scaffold?


Main requirements:
Double row of Standards,
Ledger Bracing
Faade Bracing every 6 bays
Conforms to Table 1: Load Classes, Bay lengths, Widths.
Only two working lifts: one 100% loaded, other 50% loaded
Max lift height 2.0m
No loading of materials by mechanical means
Wind Loading factor S no greater than 40.
Alternate pairs of Standards ledger braced
Vertical ties spacing not to exceed 4m ( 2 lifts)
Faade bracing is across two bays. Otherwise Plan Bracing has
to be fitted

Designed Scaffolds Per HSE

Dead / Flying/ Raking Shores


Cantilevered scaffolds
Truss-out Scaffolds
Access Birdcages
Faade retention
Buttressed free-standing scaffolds
Temporary roofs and temporary
buildings
Loading Bays founded on the
ground
Mobile and static towers outside
base/height limitations
Free standing scaffolds outside
base/height Limitations

Temporary ramps and elevated roadways


Staircases and fire escapes
Spectator Terraces and Seating Stands
Bridge scaffolds
Towers requiring guys or ground anchors
Pedestrian footbridges or walkways
Slung and Suspended scaffolds
Protection fans, Nets and Pavement
Frames
Power line crossings
Lifting gantries and towers
Sign board supports
Temporary Storage on Site

The New TG20 Guides


The Operations Guide incorporates aspects of the old Technical
Guidance and the SG and TG NASC series.

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The Operational Guide


Conversational, readable style
Lots of good illustrations
Incorporates elements of Design, Safety and Technical
Guidance documents plus eGuide references.

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TG20 Compliant Structures

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TG20:13 Compliant Scaffold Types

Tied Independent Scaffolds


Free-Standing Independent Scaffolds
Towers
Interior Birdcages
Tied Putlog Scaffolds
Loading Bays
Ladder Access Towers
Chimney Scaffolds
Bridging with Beams
Reinforced Transom Units ( Readylok)
Light Duty Protection Fans
Pavement Lifts
Cantilevered Access Platforms

PlusTimber Frame Scaffolds are now in the CISRS Inspection course21

Compliant Scaffolding Types


Tied Independent Scaffolding

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Independent Scaffolds
Includes sheeted, debris netted and non-sheeted.
Operational Guide covers scaffolds up to 16m height, but the eGuide
extends this up to 50m.
Faade Bracing: Single bay bracing is sufficient to avoid Plan Bracing.
Maximum bays size restricted to 2.4m
Guardrails should employ right angle couplers, not Putlog Couplers
Wider choice of decking materials
Emphasis on Structural Transoms
Doubled Standards have new section

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Lift Heights and Headroom


TG20 Compliance Sheets allow lifts up
to 2m
Compliant Scaffolds, however, can be
determined in the TG20 eGuide
up to 3m

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Tube
TG20 Compliant Scaffolds only permits the
following types of tube to be used:

BS EN 39 type 4 (4mm) galvanised steel


tubes or equivalent
High-tensile galvanised steel tubes with a
diameter of 48.3mm, thickness of 3.2mm,
in accordance with BS EN 10210-1
The following types may not be used
without design:

BS EN 39 type 3 steel tubes


Aluminium tubes
Other dimension, material or grade
25

Scaffold Boards
Platforms constructed from timber boards or decks of other materials

BS2482 Timber board (softwood)

BS2482 Board (with nail plate option)

LVL Board (Laminated Veneer Lumber) Composite Plastic Board


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Double Standards
New Text On Double Standards
May be required where additional ties or
reduced bay lengths are not suitable.
Will have its own Base Plate.
May not need to go to full height
Secondary standard is connected to the
ledger.

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Foundations

Loads newly available in Operational Guide to assist clients


More foundation detail in Design Guide than before.
Typical foundation design( leg) load is stated to be 19.7kN.
Need for regular inspection of foundations.

Number of
lifts

Foundation
Load (kN)

10.5

11.8

13.1

14.4

15.7

16.4

( Load Class 4)

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Structural Transoms
Structural Transoms are required for all TG20 Compliant Sheeted
independent scaffolds, whether full or partly cladded and including
some debris netted scaffolds.

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Towers

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Towers
Now three duty classes of tower: 0.75/1.5/2.0kN/m2
The eGuide provides a restricted range of external tower designs
which are dependent on a wind management system.
Base dimensions now up to 2.7 x 2.7m
No TG20 compliant designs are published for mobile towers

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Stationary Free Standing Towers


Load
Class

Maximum
Load

Typical
Uses

Minimum
Maximum
Bay
Bay
Dimensions Dimensions

0.75kN/m2 Very
Light
Duty

1.2 x 1.2m

2.7 x 2.7m

1.5kN/m2

Light
Duty

1.2 x 1.2m

2.1 x 2.1m

2.0kN/m2

Heavy
Duty
Towers

1.2 x 1.2m

1.8 x 1.8m

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Interior Access Birdcage Scaffolding

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Interior Access Birdcage Scaffolding

Now 3 classes, not just 0.75Kn/m2

0.75
1.5
2.0

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Highlighted need for foot lifts in single lift birdcages- stronger


than in TG20:08
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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Tied Putlog Scaffolding

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Free-standing Independent Scaffolding

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Loading Bay

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Loading Bays
Loading Bays
Revised dimensions, including 4.0m bay length.
There are standard versions of 10kN and 15kN
loading
Loading Bay Gates now included.

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Ladder Access Tower

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Stairways Compliance to BSEN12811-1


Illustrated in Operations Manual

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Compliant Scaffolding Types


Chimney-stack Scaffolding

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Compliant Scaffolding Features


Bridging with Beams

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Bridging with Beams


Now allows for use of Aluminium Beams, as long as the same
properties as the eGuide programme.
Includes 750mm deep beams
TG20 Compliant bridges span 2 or 3 bays, dependent on which depth
of beam supporting ( nominally 305 or 610mm)
Minimum structural properties of beams are in the Operational Guide,
Supports 10 boarded lifts with 1 inside board
Supporting more lifts by repeating the bridge.

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Prefabricated Beams
Beam Properties
Steel or aluminium beams used within TG20 compliant
scaffolds must comply with the minimum structural
properties shown below:
Structural property

Minimum value

Safe working moment resistance with


Compression chord restraints at
1.2m spacing
Safe working shear resistance
Minimum ladder beam properties
Structural property

12.5 kNm

8.3kN

Minimum value

Safe working moment resistance


With compression chord restraints at
1.2m spacing
Safe working shear resistance
Minimum unit beam properties

27kNm

15.6kN
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Compliant Scaffolding Features


Prefabricated Transom Units
( Readylok / Bones )

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Compliant Scaffolding Features


Light duty protection fans

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Compliant Scaffolding Features


Pavement Lifts
Changed tie arrangements
Max 2.7m pavement lift height
Max 2.44m headroom

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Lift Shaft Tower

50

Lift Shaft Tower

Maximum height 34m


Loading 0.75kN/m2 on 2 lifts
Maximum length 2.7m
Securely butted in all 4 directions- no ties required.

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Compliant Scaffolding Features


Cantilevered Access Platforms

Should be at the same


level as the main working
platform

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Temporary Roofs
Temporary Roofs are no longer covered by TG20,
but by TG9

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Hoardings
More appropriately covered by TWF Hoarding Guide

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Simplified Wind Classifications


Wind exposure affects the maximum height and
tie duty, especially when sheeted or netted.
A simple wind exposure classification illustrated
here is used with the TG20 Compliance Sheets
(chapter 3)
A more accurate wind analysis is used in the
TG20 eGuide, which can result in increased safe
heights and reduced tie duties.
Further advice is provided for designers in TG20
Design Guide.
Wind exposure is classified as moderate, high
or extreme
Other factors to be considered are site
topography, seasonal variations and wind
shielding in cities

Ties & Anchors


The Operational Guide now provides very
extensive ( 30 pages ) guidance on this
subject, not within the Technical Design
Guide. The information seems to go further
than the TG4 NASC guide.

Ties & Anchors

Hilt-Type

Plastic Plug

Self-Tapping

T-Tie

eg Excalibur

Ties & Anchors


Tie details no longer in Technical Guide, but extensively in the
Operations Guide
Importance of impermeable facades= TG20 Compliance
Permeable sheeted/ debris netted = designed
Additional Tie Load Class
Double proof-testing of nylon anchor positions if re-used.
Compliance sheets mainly based on 16m2 frequency.

Enforcement
TG20:08 to be officially withdrawn on
30th June 2014
There should be a bedding in period

TG20:13