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SAVVY ENGLISH BOOK 1


Edwin Soo Kim Seng
ANSWERS
These are suggested answers only. Some of these exercises may have other
alternative answers. Accept any logical and relevant answers.
Chapter 1 Pronunciation
Exercise 2
//

/i/

//

/u/

//

guard
palm
suave

spleen
penal
cheek

dwarf
pause
poor

wound
youth
dude

squirm
churn
perk

Exercise 4
/e/

//

//

//

friend
egg
men

axe
pack
man

cough
sought
sock

ago
above
adieu

//

//

//

//

ship
women
busy

dot
mock
jog

cook
woman
pull

blood
mum
rum

/e/

/a/

//

/a/

phrase
pain
sleigh

high
idea
isle

oyster
noise
choice

hour
cow
house

Exercise 5

Exercise 7

Savvy English Book 1

Exercise 9
//

//

/e/

//

solo
snow
photo

beard
severe
wierd

where
aware
repair

tour
insure
impure

//

/s/

//

/t/

thumb
health
author

pass
essay
face

cash
chef
wish

cheese
nature
catch

//

/z/

//

/d/

soothe
within
either

was
cheesy
does

usual
casual
decision

judge
object
edge

Exercise 12

Exercise 15

Exercise 18
1. /iz/

6. /ki/

3. /htel/

8. /gzekjtv/

2. /bnn/
4. /n(r)/

5. /lets/

7. /envlp/

9. /mnden /
10./dskren/

Exercise 19
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

pizza
genuine
hotel
abalone
jewellery

Savvy English Book 1

6. photography
7. hierarchy
8. salmon
9. comfortable
10. mayonnaise

Exercise 20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

bun
man
cheap
pull
walk

6. bake
7. coach
8. bear
9. thanks
10. cash

Exercise 21
1. /ra/

6./lez/

3. /prefs/

8. /ntrprn(r)/

2. /jt/

4. /pktresk/

5. /fsd/

7. /wenzde/
9. /nfms/
10./klig/

Exercise 22
1. /wer/

/wr/

3. /tel/

/tel/

2. /grif/
4. /ks/

5. /grn/
6. /(r)/

7. /dn/

8. /lt(r)/
9. /tk/

10. /pl/
Exercise 23
1. /i z s s/

2. /a lak t rid nvls/

3. /h gz dg evr mn/

4. /e(r) fevrt sbdkt/


5. /wt z j(r) nem ?/

Savvy English Book 1

/griv/
/ks/

/grn/
/(r)/

/dn/

/lt(r)/
/ik/

/pl/

Exercise 24
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

I live in a small house.


Why are you crying?
Do you know my cousin?
She is doing her homework in the library.
Their mother is a beautiful young entrepreneur.

Exercise 26
1. pessimistic

6. juxtaposition

2. decision

7. noteworthy

3. immortality

8. acknowledgement

4. stupidity

9. appreciation

5. dichotomy

10. cacophony

Exercise 27
Nouns

Verbs

Nouns

Verbs

1.

address

address

6.

protest

protest

2.

compound

compound

7.

rebel

rebel

3.

conflict

conflict

8.

refund

refund

4.

escort

escort

9.

survey

survey

5.

finance

finance

10.

transport

tran1sport

Chapter 2 Grammar
Parts of Speech
Exercise 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

entrance
explanation
opposition
height
creation

Savvy English Book 1

6. advertisement
7. grief
8. variation
9. remembrance
10. interference

Exercise 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

agreement
unity
offence
punctuality
expectation

6. assistance
7. service
8. freedom
9. qualifications
10. corrections

Exercise 3

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Error
yourselves
her
its
which
me
he
who
they
yours
whom

Correction
yourself
hers
its
whom
I
him
whose
them
your
who

Exercise 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

acceptable/unacceptable
marvellous
painful/painless
dangerous
destructive

6. energetic
7. glorious
8. childish
9. proud
10. luxurious

Exercise 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

enjoyable
national
wise
scientific
humourous

6. beneficial
7. talkative
8. considerate
9. skilful/skillful
10. anxious

Exercise 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

boring long
interesting love
ugly round dining
short yellow silk
impatient young Japanese

Savvy English Book 1

6. long narrow winding


7. nice large modern brick
8. handsome short young fair
9. pretty tall slender Indian
10. elegant small red Japanese sports

Exercise 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

lazier
latest
cleaner
selfish
worst

6. ancient
7. prettier
8. lesser
9. most thoughtful
10. tiniest

Exercise 8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

breathe
inform
tighten
decide
empower

6. hate
7. terrorise
8. think
9. liquefy
10. fertilise

Exercise 9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

criticise
simplify
sympathise
memorise
originated
apologise
produce
succeed

9. ridiculed
10. sympathise
11. rely
12. validate
13. solve
14. sharpen
15. visualise

Exercise 10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

enjoyably
rarely
comfortably
mysteriously
gracefully

6. persistently
7. gloriously
8. adventurously
9. necessarily
10. destructively

Exercise 11
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

heavily
easily
recklessly
occasionally
satisfactorily

Savvy English Book 1

6. dreadfully
7. originally
8. carefully/carelessly
9. naturally
10. accidentally

Exercise 12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

at
in
on
since
from, to/until

6. in
7. by/before
8. for
9. during
10. in

Exercise 13

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Error
on
In
since
at
before
in
on
in
since
on

Correction
in
On
for
by
after
at
in
during
for
in

Exercise 14
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

in
between
from
on
under

6. on
7. in
8. on
9. in
10. against

Exercise 15
Error
1. on
2. on
3. on
4. at
5. in
6. in
7. in
8. on
9. on
10. in

Correction
in
between
in
in
at
against
by
under
under/near/beside
on

Savvy English Book 1

Exercise 16

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Error
on
for
beside
on
with
over
in
on
by
after

Correction
under
since
between
at
in
into
during
in
on
before

Exercise 17
Error
1. yet
2. so
3. so
4. nor
5. and
6. although
7. or
8. nor
9. and
10. or

Correction
so
as/for
but/yet
or
nor
because
and
or
but/yet
nor

Exercise 18
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Ouch!
Wow!
Gosh!
Mmm!
Aha!

6. What
7. How
8. Oh!
9. Yuck!
10. What

Exercise 19
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

rang
juicy
psychologist
criticisms
assignments

Savvy English Book 1

6. authorise
7. entertaining
8. saddened
9. description
10. truth

Exercise 20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

carefully
diligently
inspiration
manageable
clearly

6. loss
7. happiness
8. difficulties
9. willingness
10. appreciation

Exercise 21
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

largest
pleased
happily
exposure
complaint

6. acceptance
7. solution
8. gradually
9. approval
10. loneliness

Exercise 22
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

expensive
determination
glorious
briefly
better

6. lecturer
7. delighted
8. honesty
9. angrily
10. invention

Exercise 23
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

tasty
personal
population
appointment
golden

6. completely
7. resignation
8. academically
9. charming
10. residence

Exercise 24
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

soften
painful
silence
loving
information

6. rationaliseencourage
7. exhaustion
8. punctually
9. punishment
10. modernisation

Exercise 25
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

boring
financial
original
wealthy
promotion

Savvy English Book 1

6. confidently
7. mischievous
8. purify
9. noisy
10. respectfully

10

Exercise 26
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

attentively
hurriedly
heighten
faithfully
chilly

6. disturbance
7. fortunately
8. occasionally
9. anger
10. courageous

Exercise 27
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

donation
ability
proud
suddenly
persuasively

6. researcher/researchers
7. privacy
8. followers
9. thankful
10. natural

Exercise 28
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

hungrily
luxurious
introduction
believe
acceptable

6. choice
7. lightly
8. tighten
9. classify
10. investigator

Exercise 29
Error
1. a
2. some
3. those
4. an
5. That
6. these
7. a
8. his
9. any
10. this

Correction
the
any
that
a
Those
this
an
her
some
these

Savvy English Book 1

11

Tenses
Exercise 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

washes
am having, have
is rising
wakes
goes, is taking
does not bark, are barking, walks
purrs, pets
is using

9. is sleeping
10. is waiting, are going
11. drinks, is drinking
12. is listening, are playing
13. is baking, bakes
14. does not rain, is raining
15. are washing, washes, is

Exercise 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

has just arrived


represented
gambled, lost
has visited
bathed, were
has never been, have planned
has received, received
came, have stayed

9. has written, wrote


10. went, has not returned
11. have switched, checked
12. had, has had
13. have bought, bought
14. quarrelled, have not been
15. has completed, managed, gave

Exercise 3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

was listening, rang


saw, was driving
was crying, was preparing
stayed, were travelling
attacked, was jogging

6. was taking, was surfing


7. were chattering, walked
8. were sleeping, broke
9. were strolling, stumbled
10. was riding, knocked

Exercise 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

had left, arrived


had switched, unplugged
arrived, had fled
refused, had explained
had worked, stopped

6. passed, had written


7. had completed, kept
8. had mopped, came
9. finished, had ended
10. returned, had set

Exercise 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

will receive/is going to receive


will not join/are not going to join/will not be joining
will sit/are going to sit/will be sitting
will perform/is going to perform/ will be performing
will meet/am going to meet

Savvy English Book 1

12

6. will have taken


7. will not go/is not going to go
8. will cry/is going to cry
9. will be taking
10. will have missed
11.will be sending
12. will have cleared
13. will be laughing
14. will have put
15. will have done

Subject-Verb Agreement
Exercise 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

is
have
am
does
is
has
Does
has

9. provides
10. enjoys
11. knows
12. is
13. requires
14. smokes
15. wishes

Exercise 2

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Error
are
taste
have
are
belong
bark
have
have
are
have
were
are
were
look
are

Correction
is
tastes
has
is
belongs
barks
has
has
is
has
was
am
was
looks
is

Savvy English Book 1

13

Error Identifications
Exercise 1
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
3
5
6
8
9
10
11
15
16

Error
things
in
the
is
puzzle
kindly
being
invited
drove
for

Correction
thing
on
a
are
puzzled
kind
be
inviting
drive
to

Error
not
encounter
them
constant
existent
among
was
an
encourage
conversation

Correction
no
encountered
it
constantly
existence
between
were
the
encourages
conversational

Error
stretches
gorge
perfect
has
believe
at
healthy
way
reduce
a

Correction
stretch
gorging
perfectly
have
belief
to
health
ways
reduced
the

Exercise 2
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
3
4
6
8
10
11
12
14
15
19

Exercise 3
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
13
14

Savvy English Book 1

14

Exercise 4
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
4
6
7
9
10
13
14
16
18

Error
been
company
serve
present
balance
These
countries
feedbacks
on
meets

Correction
being
companies
serves
presence
balanced
This
country
feedback
in
meet

Error
at
the
given
tourist
interesting
by
walk
these
go
attractions

Correction
in
a
gave
tourists
interested
with
walks
this
goes
attraction

Error
persons
stay
in
advance
indicate
me
significant
helped
at
has

Correction
person
staying
out
advanced
indicated
I
significance
help
over
have

Exercise 5
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
3
4
5
7
9
10
12
14
18

Exercise 6
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
3
4
6
7
8
10
12
15
17
18

Savvy English Book 1

15

Exercise 7
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
4
6
8
10
11
15
16
17
19

Error
the
exception
at
comprises
skilfully
lethargic
are
customise
simple
feel

Correction
a
exceptional
to
comprise
skilful
lethargy
is
customised
simply
feels

Error
draw
is
slow
a
finished
construct
in
have
completing
buildings

Correction
draws
was
slowly
the
finish
construction
from
has
completion
building

Exercise 8
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
5
6
8
10
11
15
18
19
20

Chapter 3 Cloze Passages


Exercise 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

are
of
we
the
has

6. as
7. reduce/minimise
8. too
9. use
10. should

Exercise 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

it
cigarettes
such
risk
feel

Savvy English Book 1

6. more
7. costs
8. a
9. but
10. who

16

Exercise 3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

is
into
him
appearance
a

6. not
7. if
8. about
9. funny
10. will

Exercise 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

but
the
constructed/built
on
without

6. most
7. is
8. priced
9. of
10. has

Exercise 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

be
about
a
because
either

6. become
7. but
8. words
9. women
10. are

Exercise 6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

so
a
was
with
had

6. to
7. her
8. prove
9. effects
10. what

Exercise 7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

be
shown
an
that
of

Savvy English Book 1

6. effects
7. or
8. much
9. have
10. nor

17

Exercise 8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

from
how
pitch/set
the
beneficial

6. and
7. food
8. can
9. one
10. are

Exercise 9
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

from
are
the
sight
good

6. practised
7. chopsticks
8. who
9. while
10. being

Exercise 10
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

by
the
consists
play
against

6. not
7. and
8. friends
9. their
10. together

Chapter 4 Summary Writing


Exercise 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

selected
grateful
accused, squabble
cheated, faulty
harmful, quit

6. diligent, loyal
7. praises, responsibility
8. terrible, beautify
9. angry, naughty
10. tiredness, concentration, reprimanded

Exercise 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Presently,
consider
surrendered
audience
decide

Savvy English Book 1

6. loudly
7. spacious
8. childish
9. repeatedly
10. gracefully

18

Exercise 3
1. My sister went to the market to buy some fruits.
2. The audio-visual equipment was faulty, so the family could not use any of
them.
3. The residents were dissatisfied with the management because they have not
repaired the lifts since last month.
4. Kelly was excited when her father informed her that they would be going to
Hong Kong.
5. During the festival, my family will bring some delicious food to visit our
relatives.
6. There was a massive congestion on the road.
7. Samson likes to read whenever he is free to gain more knowledge and
improve his language.
8. James is a curious and talkative person. He is ostracised by his classmates
because he irritates them by talking too much.
9. Jacky had diarrhoea after having dinner at an unhygienic roadside stall.
10. Julius was scolding his sister for misplacing his favourite watch given to him
by his father.
Exercise 4
1. Among the many great inventions in the world, the computer and the Internet
have changed our lifestyle significantly. Shopping, booking of tickets and
banking transactions can be done online conveniently without leaving the
house. Important correspondence can be sent via e-mails immediately.
Specific information can also be obtained using various online search engines
conveniently. Word processing is much easier as documents can be
amended, saved, printed and sent to anyone in the world. The computer has
made our life easier.
(80 words)
2. Organic food has become a popular choice for health-conscious people. It
offers many health benefits. It is rich in nutrients which are retained much
longer in organic produce than non-organic ones. Its quality is better than
conventional food as no artificial preservatives are added. Therefore, it
contains more nutrients and tastes better than non-organic food. Furthermore,
organic farming is environmentally friendly as no harmful chemicals that may
contaminate our environment are used. However, it costs slightly more than
non-organic food.
(80 words)

Savvy English Book 1

19

Chapter 5 Reading Comprehension


Comprehension 1 The Best Show Ever!
Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A
Column A

Column B

1. laborious

renovation

2. matinee

a crazy person

3. refurbishment

upset

4. plush

requiring a lot of time and effort

5. soothing

caught

6. amiss

a movie shown in the afternoon

7. agitated

strange

8. erratic

relaxing

9. lunatic

very comfortable

10. apprehended

wrong

Exercise B
1. amiss
2. refurbishment
3. apprehend
4. soothing
5. laborious

6. erratic
7. plush
8. matinee
9. lunatic
10. agitated

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. The writer was at the Tanjong Golden Village cinema hall.
2. The writer did it to indulge himself after completing a tedious project for the
Interact Club.
3. The writer thought that the place has emerged as the hippiest place in Kuala
Lumpur.
4. The writer could hear soothing instrumental music and incessant chatter of
patrons.
Savvy English Book 1

20

5. When the screen curtain was drawn open, a few movie trailers were shown.
6. A fellow patron who sat five seats away from the writer caught his attention.
7. The patron began to throw popcorns at a patron in front of him halfway
through the movie.
8. They knew that because that patron became violent and shouted verbal
abuse at everyone while shaking with anger.
9. The patron meant that watching the scene of the policemen overpowering the
lunatic and violent patron was the most exciting show that he had ever seen.
Lets Keep It Concise
Suggested points:
a mad patron suddenly threw popcorn at someone
he became violent and cursed loudly at everyone
the cinema manager and two policemen tried to escort him out
the lunatic patron retaliated
the policemen apprehended him
everybody cheered and clapped

Comprehension 2 Go Places with English


Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

fluency
increased
helping
a lot of
affect

6. alienated
7. negative
8. weaknesses
9. fear
10. well-known

Exercise B
1. aid
2. renowned
3. hindered
4. proficient
5. flaws

6. phobia
7. magnified
8. ostracised
9. abundant
10. adverse

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. The medium of instruction in most primary and secondary schools in Malaysia
is English.
2. Malaysian students will experience a culture shock when they proceed to their
tertiary education because the classes at colleges and universities are mostly

Savvy English Book 1

21

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.
8.

9.

conducted in English and the sudden switch from Bahasa Malaysia in


secondary schools to English can be challenging for many students.
Students struggle with English more compared to Bahasa Malaysia because
they are more familiar with learning their subjects in Bahasa Malaysia, and
they weak proficiency in English makes their learning more difficult at their
colleges and universities.
A students weak English proficiency will affect his or her reading as the
library and the Internet are laden with abundant reading materials that are
mostly written in English, so they may not be able to do their research and
reading effectively.
They need to read or refer to textbooks and other reading materials to help
them to complete their coursework and tasks when studying in colleges or
university.
Instructors will fell frustrated when they read students written work because it
is full of language errors as a result of the students weak language
proficiency that hinder the instructors understanding.
Students who have a higher proficiency in English will belittle, ridicule or even
ostracise those with a lower proficiency.
Some students withdraw from their circle of friends and give up learning
English as they do not like their weaknesses in English to be laughed at by
others.
It is important for students who want to further their studies overseas to
master English because the medium of instructions in overseas colleges and
universities is English.

Lets Keep It Concise


Suggested points:
to understand lessons
to complete assignments
to do research and reading effectively
to excel at examinations
to communicate well not ridiculed by others
to pursue education overseas and to seek employment

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Comprehension 3 Plastic Money


Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A
Clue

Word

1. attract

TEMPT

2. with good judgement

WISELY

3. show something quickly

FLASH

4. money a person owes

DEBTS

5. develop

CULTI VATE

6. increasing

SOARING

7. follow strictly

ADHERE TO

8. sufficient

AMPLE

9. option

ALTERNATIVE

10. very expensive

EXORBITANT

Exercise B
1. ample
2. debts
3. exorbitantly
4. tempted
5. soared

6. wise
7. alternative
8. adhere to
9. flash
10. cultivate

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. Credit cards are becoming popular among working adults and university
students because credit card companies have successfully attracted them
with the slogan buy now, pay later.
2. In the past, credit cards were exclusively meant for people with higher
financial status, but today, almost everybody can own one as long as they
fulfill the requirements.
3. Using a credit card can increase a users debts when the user continues to
swipe the card to the limit, carries a balance on his or her credit card with a

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4.

5.
6.

7.

8.
9.

minimum payment at the end of the month and uses the cash advance facility
to pay off another credit card.
The users can be disillusioned as they think that by having credit cards, they
can purchase everything they desire, but in reality, they may not be able to
afford what they have bought or let alone settle their debts.
When a user uses his or her credit card excessively, it may cause him or her
to be in serious financial debts and this can potentially lead to bankruptcy.
Owning a few credit cards at the same time can increase the users financial
burdens as each card comes with different interest rates or charges, and the
user has to pay the annual fees incurred for each card which unnecessarily
increase his or her debts.
The benefits of using a debit card over a credit card are the money is directly
deducted from the account for each purchase, and there is a daily purchase
limit for transactions.
Bringing along some cash instead of credit cards during shopping can limit
ones spending with the amount of cash that they have
By planning the usage of credit cards wisely, the user does not have to worry
about being in debts or paying excessive interest rates.

Lets Keep It Concise


Suggested points:
get a credit card with the lowest interest rate
do not own a few credit cards - increase ones financial burdens
buy only what is necessary.
use debit cards
take only cash when shopping
identify what ones true needs are

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Comprehension 4 Examinations
Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A

5h

9i

a
v
e
n

1c

2m

a
m
a
r
a
d
e
8r
i
e

u
s
7t
e
r

4u

e
r

n
l
e
a
s
h
i
n
g

3g

6s

10y

a
v
o
u
r
e
d

i
g
a
n
t
i
c

Exercise B
1. haven
2. yelled
3. thrill
4. mustered
5. camaraderie

6. inherit
7. gigantic
8. restrained
9. unleash
10. savour

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. The writer will feel a huge sense of relief soon as the final examination paper
is over and there will be no necessity to burn the midnight oil and to do rote
learning.
2. When the writer steps out of the examination hall, he or she is going to
produce the loudest yell that he or she can muster.
3. The first thing that the writer will do after his or her examination is to spend
time and enjoy his favourite milkshake with his friends.
4. They drink milkshake because their age does not permit them to drink
alcoholic beverages.
5. Home will no longer be a prison for the writer to force himself or herself to
study but a haven for relaxation.
6. The writer will clear away any reminders of examination such as revision
books or textbooks.
7. The writer will give the books to his or her neighbours daughter as she is
facing her examination next year.
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8. The writer is most probably a boy as he likes to play computer games which
is what most boys like to do.
9. The writer believes in the principle of carpe diem or seize the day where he
plans to live life to the fullest after the examinations.
Lets Keep It Concise
Suggested points:
enjoy milkshake with friends
clear away his school books and notes
create a cozy room to relax in
play computer games
chat online with friends
watch movies and read novels

Comprehension 5 Holiday
Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

made possible
affected
amazement
hectic
many

6. unstable
7. decreased
8. enjoyed
9. short rest
10. put oneself in

Exercise B
1. innumerable
2. relished
3. respite
4. marred
5. plummeted

6. awe
7. fickle
8. immerse
9. chaotic
10. materialised

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. The writer had been excited about going to Italy and the French Riviera
because it was his or her first plane ride, first European trip and first holiday
abroad with family.
2. The first problem that the writer and his or her family encountered before
reaching to the airport was their taxi was 15 minutes late, causing
unnecessary anxiety on them.
3. The writer means that the infrastructure is of high quality but the attitude of
the users is bad.

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4. When the writer and his or her family checked in for their flight, their flight had
been overbooked, so they had to be seated separately.
5. The writer was dissatisfied with the flight personnel because they did not
serve him or her despite repeatedly pressing the service bell.
6. The writer means that the flight attendants are giving preferential treatment to
the foreigners as they are served or treated much better than the locals.
7. The weather was freezing cold in Italy with -6 degree Celcius.
8. The writer and his or her family did not enjoy the cold weather in Italy
because they were unprepared and under-dressed for it.
9. It could be that the tour guide would get some commissions from the sales at
these designated shopping stops.
Lets Keep It Concise
Suggested points:
freezing cold weather
unprepared and under-dressed
did not relish taking pictures or walking in the streets
being rushed - limited time to enjoy places of interest
but given unlimited time to shop at designated shopping stops
no opportunity to immerse in the Italian culture

Comprehension 6 Cosmetic Surgery


Lets Enrich Your Vocabulary
Exercise A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

glamourous
performed
extreme
unhygienic
continuous

6. lack
7. remove
8. high
9. increased
10. change

Exercise B
1. unsanitary
2. perpetrated
3. rid
4. alter
5. glitzy

6. exacerbated
7. persistent
8. hefty
9. lapse
10. drastic

Lets Check Your Understanding


1. People should be aware of the negative effects of cosmetic surgery before
going for cosmetic surgery.
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2. People go for cosmetic surgery to improve their appearance and self-esteem.


3. The effect of having cosmetic surgery in unsanitary conditions without the use
of proper surgical tools may cause serious infections by mycobacterium.
4. A patient should observe his or her food intake and limit physical movement
for about six weeks after going through a cosmetic surgery.
5. If a patient does not take good care of himself or herself during the healing
period, he or she may face with persistent after-effects such as allergy,
aches, skin irritation, redness, itching, bleeding, scarring and some darkening
of the skin tone
6. Medications, post surgical traumatic stress syndrome, constipation from
medications, lying for long periods of time in bed, disappointment with the
final result and other restrictions may cause depression among patients who
have undergone cosmetic surgery.
7. Cosmetic surgery make people look weird and unnatural as they tend to be
stiff and cannot perform simple actions, such as smiling naturally.
8. Cosmetic surgery is costly and there is no guarantee that it will be successful.
Patients may need to go through several surgeries or treatments which will
incur more costs and all these may contribute to patients financial burden.
9. If one has to undergo cosmetic surgery, one should conduct in-depth
research into the procedures, find the right doctor and make necessary
appointments to find out more details about the surgery.
Lets Keep It Concise
Suggested points:
suffer medical complications
may get infections
experience after-effects that can potentially lead to death
may cause depression
make people look weird and unnatural
cause people to be financially burdened

Chapter 6 Essay Writing


Students own responses

Chapter 7 Group Discussions


Students own responses

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Chapter 8 Specimen Examination Paper


Section A: Essay Writing
Students own responses
Section B: Grammar
Part I: Word Formation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

explanation
signature
latest
prosperity
shorten

6. continuously
7. various
8. equipment
9. instruction
10. grievances

Part II: Error Identification


No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Line No.
2
3
5
8
9
10
11
13
14
16

Error
included
glamourise
for
show
increasing
avoids
infectious
after
theirs
other

Correction
including
glamourises
to
shown
increase
avoid
infection
for
their
others

Part III: Cloze Passage


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

with
are
to
have
the

6. to
7. be
8. vent
9. effects
10. and

Section C: Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary


1. The school trip to University Makmur which was organised by the schools
Counselling Society will be etched in the writers memory for a long time
2. The writers irritation of waking up early quickly dissipated that morning when
he met his friends at the school hall.
3. The sight of a group of unruly students clamouring for seats on the bus was
the incident in the morning that affected the writers whole trip that day.

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4. The writer didnt rush for a seat on the bus like the other students because his
good upbringing and moral values prevented him from joining this group of
students whom he called barbarians.
5. It meant that the reception hall was very crowded with a lot of students.
6. The writer was impressed with the Olympic-sized swimming pool, the majestic
sports complex and the five-storey library during the campus tour.
7. The setback that the writer and some of his friends experienced during lunch
was that they were not provided with any cutlery to eat their nasi lemak.
8. The writer did not use his hands to eat his lunch because he was not
comfortable using his bare hands to eat and he felt that it was unhygienic to
use his hands to eat.
9. When it was time to board the bus at the end of the trip, the writer rushed for
a seat because he did not want to be left standing during the long journey
back.
10. a) reduced
b) rushing
c) stuffy
d) large
e) led

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