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Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1. What are the types for landing gear.

a)

 

b)

Write the design procedure for single wheel landing gear with neat sketches.

[16]

2. The thin- walled single cell beam has been idealized into combination of direct stress carrying booms and shear stressesaly carrying walls. If the section supports a vertical shear bond of 10KN acting vertical plane through booms 3 and 6. Calculate the distribution of shear flow around the

section. Boom areas as shown in figure.

B

1

= B = 200 m m

8

2

,

B

2

= B = 250 m

7

m

2

, B = B

3

6

= 400 m m

2

,

B

4

= B =100 m m

5

[16]

2

, B = B 3 6 = 400 m m 2 , B 4 = B

3. Explain the construction of fuselage structure.

a)

b)

Explain with neat sketches skin instability, panel instability and general instability. [6+10]

4. Monocoque cylinder radius r = 1250mm, thickness t = 1.25mm, length L = 1875mm,

E = 74 KN/

mm

2 . The cylinder subjected to an axial compressive bond of 225KN and internal

pressure of 0.3447 N\

90% Probability and 95% confidence level (for thin interval F

take

mm

2 . What is the margin of safety under this combined load system with

280

.

ccr

/

E =

0.000121

)

[16]

µ=

0.3,

1.0,

η= K =

c

5. Explain the phenomenon of distribution of concentrated loads on thin webs in aircraft structure.

[16]

6. Find the shear centre for the wing section shown in figure. Web 3 has a thickness 1.6mm, and the other webs have thickness of 1mm. Assume G is constant for all cross- sections. The cross section

is symmetrical about a horizontal.

[16]

7.a) Explain in detail the sh ear forces in tapered webs. b) Derive the relationships

7.a)

Explain in detail the shear forces in tapered webs.

b) Derive the relationships for shear force at any section of a tapered diagram tension field beam, subjected to a load at its free end perpendicular to the axis in the plane of the

[8+8]

beam.

8. A steel ship deck plate G 2.5mm thick, 10m wide and 20m long (in the tensile stress direction). It is loaded with a normal tensile stress of 50 MPa. It is operated below its ductile to brittle

transition temperature with

crack is present, estimate tensile stress at which catastrophic failure will occur. Compare thin

stress with the yield strength of 240 Mpa for the steel.

K IC

equal to 28.3Mpa

yield strength of 240 Mpa for th e steel. K IC equal to 28.3Mpa m .

m . If a 65mm long central hole transverse

[16]

yield strength of 240 Mpa for th e steel. K IC equal to 28.3Mpa m .

*****

Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1. a) Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig. Find the forces G v
1.
a) Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig.
Find the forces G v , F v , H d , F d , H v of brace struts. Assume the data if necessary.
[16]
2.
a) Discuss the structural functions of the various components of an aircraft with particular
reference to the wing of a medium sized transport aircraft.
b) Explain briefly what area the air forces acting in a wing of aircraft.
[10+6]
3.
a) How the structural idealization helpful for analysis of structure?

b) Part a wing section in the form of a two-cell box shown-figure in which the vertical spars are connected to the wing skin through angle sections having a cross-sectional area of 300

2

mm

.

Idealize the section into an arrangement of direct stress carrying booms and shears stress only

carrying panel suitable for resisting bending moments in a vertical plane. Position the boom at

the spar/skin junctions.

[4+12]

4.a) Write about the classification of cylinders. b) Derive compressive buckling stress (F c r

4.a) Write about the classification of cylinders. b) Derive compressive buckling stress (F cr ) and buckling coefficient ( cylinder under axial compression.

K

c

)

for monocoque circular

[6+10]

5. a) Write difference between monocoque and semimonocoque cylinder. b) A circular cylinder has a radius r = 1250mm length, length L = 1875mm and wall thickness (F) = 1125mm. What compressive load it will carry and also calculate geometrical parameter (Z),

take µ = 0.3 . Buckling coefficient Kc = 280 , E= 74KN/

2

mm

.

6. Derive the general wagner equation for the tension field beam theory.

[6+10]

[16]

7. Determine the shear flow distribution in the web of the tapered beam shown in the figure below at a section midway along its length. The web of the beam has a thickness of 2 mm and is fully effective in resisting direct stresses. The beam tapers symmetrically about its horizontal

centroidal axis and the cross section area of each flange is 400

2

mm

.

[16]

and the cross section area of each flange is 400 2 mm . [16] 8. A

8. A plate of width 1.4 mm and length 2.8m is required to support tensile force in the 2.8m direction 5.0MN. Inspection procedure will only detect through thicken edge cracks larger than 2.7mm. The two Ti-6Al- 4 V alloys in table are being considered for this application, for which the safety factor must be 1.3 and minimum weight is important. Which alloy should be used? [16]

Metal

K IC MPa

m
m

S

y

Mpa

Ti- 6A1-4V

115

 

910

Ti- 6A1-4V

55

 

1035

 

*****

Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1. Explain the working procedure of oleo struct? Explain construction detail with neat sketch.

a)

b)

Explain design procedure for landing gear.

[8+8]

2. A fuselage has the circular cross-section as shown in figure. The cross sectional area of each

stringer is 100

vertical plane of symmetry, at thin section. Calculate the divert stress distribution. Take skin

thickness (t) as 0.8mm

mm

2 and the fuselage is subjected to bending moment of 200KNm applied in the

[16]

subjected to be nding moment of 200KNm applied in the [16] 3. Determine the stress in

3. Determine the stress in a stiffened cylindrical structure under external loads.

a)

b)

With a neat sketch, derive the boom area of any cross-section and also find out boom areas for

axial loading and prove boarding moment.

[8+8]

4. A Circular cylinder has radius (r) = 1250mm a length L = 1875mm and wall thickness (t) = 1125mm. What compressive load will it carry? Using design values based on 90% probability,

95% confidence level ( for this case

level ( for this case

µ = 0.3, E = 74 KN/

F

cc r

/E = 0.000121) and 99% probability , 95% confidence

[16]

F

/E= 0.000082). Discuss above two levels. Take

2

and for curve r/t = 1000

cc r

mm

Geometrical Parameter(z)

Buckling Coefficient (K c )

2000

260

3000

400

5.

a)

Explain the different types of structural measures that are used in air craft structures.

6.

b) Explain different types of fuselage structures

c) What are the monocoque and semi monocoque structures? Explain briefly with suitable

[6+5+5]

example.

Calculate the shear flows in the web panels and the axial loads in the flanger of the wing rib

shown in fig. Assume that the web of the rib is effective only in shear while the resistance of

the wing to bending moments is provided entirely by the three flanges 1, 2 and 3.

[16]

is provided entirely by the three flanges 1, 2 and 3. [16] 7. A cantilever beam

7.

A cantilever beam of constant cross-section carrying a 60kN load at the free end. The beam will be strength checked for the given load. The material properties are as shown in figure.

Web. : 2024-T3

Flanger : 7075-T6

alum.sheet

F

tu

= 538

F =

tu

442

F

ty

= 290

E = 72500

F

cy

= 486

E = 71000

[16]

F = tu 442 F ty = 290 E = 72500 F cy = 486 E

8.

a) Explain why residual stress are important in failure analysis.

b) Describe the concept of fatigue crack propagation.

*****

[8+8]

Code.No: 37152

R05

SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD IV .B.TECH – I SEM REGULAR EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010 STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DETAILED DESIGN (AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING)

Time: 3hours

Max.Marks:80

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

1. Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig.

marks - - - 1. Tricycle type of landing gear shown in fig. Find the forces

Find the forces Gv, Fv, Hd, Fd, Hv

of brace struts. Assume the data if necessary.

[16]

2. What is effective sheet thickness and effective area of stringer type of fuselage section? Explain with the help of neat sketches.

[16]

3. The fuselage as shown in fig. is subjected to a bending moment of 100kN-m applied in the vertical plane of symmetry. If the section had been completely idealized into a combination

of direct stress carrying and shear stress only carrying panels, determine the direct stress in

each boom.

[16]

4. a) Explain about buckling short cylinders, intermediate cylinders, long cylinders and very   long

4.

a)

Explain about buckling short cylinders, intermediate cylinders, long cylinders and very

 

long cylinders.

[16]

b)

Discuss buckling of monocoque circular cylinder under axial load and internal

pressure.

5. Explain buckling of a monocoque circular cylinder under external hydrostatic pressure

a)

b)

Monocoque cylinder radius (r) = 1500mm, thickness t = 1.4mm, length L = 2200mm, µ =

0.3. Torsional buckling co-efficient (

torsional moment will this cylinder develops.

K

t

) = 180. Find the geometrical parameter (Z) and what

[16]

6. Derive the approximate formula for semi-tension field beam

a)

b)

A 50mm by 2.4mm steel tube is heat treated to a 6 + ultimate tensile strength

σ =

tu

1240

/

N m m

2

i) Find the margin of safety if the tube resists a design tension load of 22000N and a design bending moment of 3.3 kN-m.

ii) Find the margin of safety if the tube resists a bending moment of 3.3KN-m and a torsional

moment of 5.64KN-m. Assume

σ =

B

1466

/

N mm

2

and the ratio

τ

T

σ

tu

= 0.58

.

[16]

7. The cantilever beam shown in figure is uniformly tapered along its length in both X and Y directions and carries a load of 100k N at its free end. Calculate the forces in the booms and shear flow distribution in the walls at a section 2m from the built in end if the booms resist all the direct stresses while the walls are effective only in sheer. Each corner boom has a

2 while both central booms have cross-sectional area of 1200

cross-sectional area of 900

mm

2

mm

.

[16]

8. Explain the theories of failure in structural design. ***** [16]

8. Explain the theories of failure in structural design.

*****

[16]