Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

# Code.

No: 41029
R07 SET-1
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Explain the steps involved in a bioprocess with neat flow sheet.
b) What is the role of Engineer in bioprocess? [8+8]

## 2.a) State Vanderwaals equation of state. Explain all the terms.

b) Vanderwaals constants of nitrogen gas are a = 1.39; b = 0.03913. Calculate the
pressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 470 C. Find the number of moles. [6+10]

3. State and prove Bernoulli’s theorem for incompressible fluid and indicate the
corrections necessary for its applications. 

## 4. Enumerate Newton’s law of Viscosity. Explain the importance of Viscosity in

fluid motion. What is the effect of temperature on viscosity of water and that of
air? 

## 5.a) Briefly explain Reynolds number and its importance.

b) Distinguish between laminar flow and turbulent flow & write briefly on the
following:
i) Friction factor chart.
ii) Velocity distribution in laminar flow. [8+8]

6. Discuss in detail the determination of pressure drop for flow through bed of
solids. 

## 7.a) What is Vena Contracta? Why is it formed?

b) Orifice coefficients are more empirical than those for Venturi. Explain. [6+10]

8.a) Draw the characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump and explain them.
b) Describe the purpose of employing multistage centrifugal pumps. [8+8]

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-2
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
All questions carry equal marks
---

## 1.a) How are biochemical reactions different from chemical reactions?

b) Briefly explain the steps in development of a complete bioprocess for commercial
manufacture of a new recombinant DNA derived product. [8+8]

## 2. By electrolylsing a mixed brine a mixture with the following percentage

composition (by weight) is obtained at the cathode: Cl2 = 67%, N2 = 28% and
O2 = 5%. Using ideal gas law, calculate the following.
a) Composition of the gas by volume.
b) Density of the mixture in mg/m3 at 300C and 720 mm Hg.
c) Specific gravity of the gas mixture.(air=1.0) 

3. Water is to be pumped from a storage tank through 7.5cm dia pipe of 200m long
to an over head tank situated at a height of 20m from the level of the pump. Using
the additional data find the power required.
Data: Mass flow rate = 8.0 kg/sec
Frictional losses = 0.15 J.sec per meter of pipe
Pump efficiency = 60%. 

4.a) Distinguish between Newtonian and non Newtonian fluids by their shear stress
shear rate behaviour. Illustrate with sketches.
b) State any two parameter model for describing a non-Newtonian fluid. Briefly
write on Bingham fluid. [8+8]

5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.
b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [8+8]

## 7.a) Explain the construction of an Orifice meter with a neat sketch.

b) Explain the construction of an Venturi meter with a neat sketch. [8+8]

8.a) Give the difference between diaphragm pumps and peristaltic pumps.
b) How positive displacement pumps work. Explain. [8+8]

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-3
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
All questions carry equal marks
---

## 1.a) How are biotech industries classifieds? Give few examples.

b) What is the role of bioprocess engineering biotechnology? [8+8]

2.a) Compare the ideal gas law and Vanderwaals equation of state.
b) Vanderwaals constants of chlorine gas are a = 6.493; b = 0.05622. Calculate the
pressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 470C. Find the number of moles? [6+10]

## 3.a) Derive the mechanical energy equation stating the assumptions.

b) State and explain the energy correction factors. [12+4]

4. Define Viscosity with a neat sketch explain the principle and working of plate and
cone viscometer. 

5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.
b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [10+6]

6. Derive Kozney-Carman equation for a fluid flowing through a packed bed. 

## 7.a) Derive flow equation for Venturi meter.

b) Discuss about the importance and application of venturimeter in bioprocess
industries. [8+8]

8. What are the different types of pumps? Explain one in detail. 

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-4
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. With the help of neat flow describe the various unit processes of a bioprocess
carried out with enzymes of microbes with natural resource to a purified product.


2.a) What is gravitational force constant [gc] explain its significance with the F.P.S
units and dimensions?
b) Define dyne and gm wt. How are they related? What are the units and dimensions
of this conversion factor? [8+8]

3. State and prove Bernouli’s theorem for incompressible fluid and indicate the
corrections necessary for its applications. 

4. Define Viscosity with a neat sketch explain the principle and working of
Extrusion rheometer. 

## 5.a) Define Skin friction and form friction.

b) What is the significance of friction factor chart in design? [8+8]

## 6.a) Write the concept of fluidization.

b) Give the characteristics of fluidization. [8+8]

## 8.a) Discuss in detail the construction and working of a centrifugal pump.

b) Explain the performance curve of a centrifugal pump. [8+8]

******