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Code.

No: 41029
R07 SET-1
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) Explain the steps involved in a bioprocess with neat flow sheet.
b) What is the role of Engineer in bioprocess? [8+8]

2.a) State Vanderwaals equation of state. Explain all the terms.


b) Vanderwaals constants of nitrogen gas are a = 1.39; b = 0.03913. Calculate the
pressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 470 C. Find the number of moles. [6+10]

3. State and prove Bernoulli’s theorem for incompressible fluid and indicate the
corrections necessary for its applications. [16]

4. Enumerate Newton’s law of Viscosity. Explain the importance of Viscosity in


fluid motion. What is the effect of temperature on viscosity of water and that of
air? [16]

5.a) Briefly explain Reynolds number and its importance.


b) Distinguish between laminar flow and turbulent flow & write briefly on the
following:
i) Friction factor chart.
ii) Velocity distribution in laminar flow. [8+8]

6. Discuss in detail the determination of pressure drop for flow through bed of
solids. [16]

7.a) What is Vena Contracta? Why is it formed?


b) Orifice coefficients are more empirical than those for Venturi. Explain. [6+10]

8.a) Draw the characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump and explain them.
b) Describe the purpose of employing multistage centrifugal pumps. [8+8]

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-2
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) How are biochemical reactions different from chemical reactions?


b) Briefly explain the steps in development of a complete bioprocess for commercial
manufacture of a new recombinant DNA derived product. [8+8]

2. By electrolylsing a mixed brine a mixture with the following percentage


composition (by weight) is obtained at the cathode: Cl2 = 67%, N2 = 28% and
O2 = 5%. Using ideal gas law, calculate the following.
a) Composition of the gas by volume.
b) Density of the mixture in mg/m3 at 300C and 720 mm Hg.
c) Specific gravity of the gas mixture.(air=1.0) [16]

3. Water is to be pumped from a storage tank through 7.5cm dia pipe of 200m long
to an over head tank situated at a height of 20m from the level of the pump. Using
the additional data find the power required.
Data: Mass flow rate = 8.0 kg/sec
Frictional losses = 0.15 J.sec per meter of pipe
Pump efficiency = 60%. [16]

4.a) Distinguish between Newtonian and non Newtonian fluids by their shear stress
shear rate behaviour. Illustrate with sketches.
b) State any two parameter model for describing a non-Newtonian fluid. Briefly
write on Bingham fluid. [8+8]

5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.
b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [8+8]

6. What is meant by fluidization? Explain the phenomena of fluidization. Give the


advantages and disadvantages of fluidization. [16]

7.a) Explain the construction of an Orifice meter with a neat sketch.


b) Explain the construction of an Venturi meter with a neat sketch. [8+8]

8.a) Give the difference between diaphragm pumps and peristaltic pumps.
b) How positive displacement pumps work. Explain. [8+8]

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-3
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1.a) How are biotech industries classifieds? Give few examples.


b) What is the role of bioprocess engineering biotechnology? [8+8]

2.a) Compare the ideal gas law and Vanderwaals equation of state.
b) Vanderwaals constants of chlorine gas are a = 6.493; b = 0.05622. Calculate the
pressure exerted by 50 liter of gas at 470C. Find the number of moles? [6+10]

3.a) Derive the mechanical energy equation stating the assumptions.


b) State and explain the energy correction factors. [12+4]

4. Define Viscosity with a neat sketch explain the principle and working of plate and
cone viscometer. [16]

5.a) Derive Hagen Poiseuille equation. Explain the significance of the equation.
b) Derive relations for Reynold’s number and friction factor. [10+6]

6. Derive Kozney-Carman equation for a fluid flowing through a packed bed. [16]

7.a) Derive flow equation for Venturi meter.


b) Discuss about the importance and application of venturimeter in bioprocess
industries. [8+8]

8. What are the different types of pumps? Explain one in detail. [16]

******
Code.No: 41029
R07 SET-4
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD
I .B.TECH – SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS JANUARY- 2010
PROCESS ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES
(BIO-TECHNOLOGY)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. With the help of neat flow describe the various unit processes of a bioprocess
carried out with enzymes of microbes with natural resource to a purified product.
[16]

2.a) What is gravitational force constant [gc] explain its significance with the F.P.S
units and dimensions?
b) Define dyne and gm wt. How are they related? What are the units and dimensions
of this conversion factor? [8+8]

3. State and prove Bernouli’s theorem for incompressible fluid and indicate the
corrections necessary for its applications. [16]

4. Define Viscosity with a neat sketch explain the principle and working of
Extrusion rheometer. [16]

5.a) Define Skin friction and form friction.


b) What is the significance of friction factor chart in design? [8+8]

6.a) Write the concept of fluidization.


b) Give the characteristics of fluidization. [8+8]

7. Give the brief explanation on flow measuring systems. [16]

8.a) Discuss in detail the construction and working of a centrifugal pump.


b) Explain the performance curve of a centrifugal pump. [8+8]

******