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BusinessDataAnalysis

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MGMT650 -

USINGMicrosoftExcel

STATISTICSFORMANAGERS

TimothyC.KrehbielMarkL.Berenson

.Stephan DavidM.LevineDavidF

CustomEditionfor

UMASS

-

Amherst

ProfessorRobertNakosteen

Takenfrom:

.Stephan,TimothyC.Krehbiel,andMarkL.Berenson byDavidM.Levine,DavidF

StatisticsforManagers:UsingMicrosoftExcel

,FifthEdition

StatisticsforManagers:UsingMicrosoftExcel ,FifthEdition Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.
StatisticsforManagers:UsingMicrosoftExcel ,FifthEdition Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

CoverphototakenbyLaurenLabrecque.

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Copyright2008,2005,2002,1999,1997byPearsonEducation,Inc.

byDavidM.Levine,DavidF.Stephan,TimothyC.Krehbiel,andMarkL.Berenson

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Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

MarilynL.,MaryN.,PattiK.,andRhodaB.,

Toourwives,

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andtoourchildren

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

ABOUTTHEAUTHORS

TimKrehbiel.

Stephan,DavidLevine,

MarkBerenson,David

Shownlefttoright,

aMetsv.Philliesgame.

ticsatSheaStadiumfor

meettodiscussstatis-

Thetextbookauthors

ticsatSheaStadiumfor meettodiscussstatis- Thetextbookauthors

UniversityinIndustrialEngineeringandOperationsResearch.Heisnationallyrecognizedasa

ork orkandaPh.D.degreefromNewY degreesinStatisticsfromCityCollegeofNewY

ork).HereceivedB.B.A.andM.B.A. BernardM.BaruchCollege(CityUniversityofNewY

DavidM.LevineisProfessorEmeritusofStatisticsandComputerInformationSystemsat

StatisticsforEngineersandScientistsusingMicrosoftExcelandMinitab

Statistics:ConceptsandApplications

sellingstatisticstextbooksasStatisticsforManagersusingMicrosoftExcel

leadinginnovatorinstatisticseducationandistheco-authorof14booksincludingsuchbest

,BasicBusiness

,andApplied

,BusinessStatistics:AFirstCourse

.

development.

atBaruchCollege,Dr.Levinereceivedseveralawardsforoutstandingteachingandcurriculum

Association,andMakingStatisticsMoreEffectiveinSchoolsofBusinessconferences.While

AmericanAnthropologistandgivennumeroustalksatDecisionSciences,AmericanStatistical

,andThe

includingPsychometrika

bothpublishedbyVideoAidedInstruction.Hehaspublishedarticlesinvariousjournals

(2005).HeisalsotheauthorofVideoReviewofStatisticsandVideoReviewofProbability

FinancialTimes-Prentice-Hall,andQualityManagementThirdEd.

,

,McGraw-Hill-Irwin

,alsopublishedby

publishedbyFinancialTimes-Prentice-Hall.HeiscoauthorofSixSigmaforGreenBeltsand

HealsorecentlywroteEvenYouCanLearnStatisticsandStatisticsforSixSigmaGreenBelts

ChampionsandDesignforSixSigmaforGreenBeltsandChampions

,TheAmericanStatistician

,CommunicationsinStatistics

,

,QualityProgress

MultivariateBehavioralResearch

,JournalofSystemsManagement

BaruchCollege.

U.S.DepartmentofEducationFIPSEprojectthatbroughtinteractive,multimedialearningto

inteaching.Heisalsoproudtohavebeentheleaddesignerandassistantprojectdirectorofa

portstatisticsandinformationsystemsstudiesandwastwicenominatedforhisexcellence

enceteachingatBaruchCollege,wherehedevelopedthefirstpersonalcomputinglabtosup-

spreadsheetapplicationstobusinessschoolstudentsinthe1980s.Hehasover20yearsexperi-

DavidF.Stephanisaninstructionaldesignerandlecturerwhopioneeredtheteachingof

vi

Even

tionanalysistoolsontheircomputerdesktopsandisaco-author,withDavidM.Levine,of

Today,Davidfocusesondevelopingmaterialsthathelpusersmakebetteruseoftheinforma-

YouCanLearnStatistics

.

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

AbouttheAuthorsvii

HealsoreceivedaTeachingExcellenceAwardfromtheMBAclassof2000.

receivedtheRichardT.FarmerSchoolofBusinessAdministrationEffectiveEducatorAward.

tigiousInstructionalInnovationAwardfromtheDecisionSciencesInstitute.In2000he

teachesundergraduateandgraduatecoursesinbusinessstatistics.In1996hereceivedthepres-

SystemsattheRichardT.FarmerSchoolofBusinessatMiamiUniversityinOxford,Ohio.He

TimothyC.KrehbielisProfessorofDecisionSciencesandManagementInformation

Krehbielsresearchinterestsspanmanyareasofbusinessandappliedstatistics.Hiswork

appearsinnumerousjournalsincludingQualityManagementJournal

,EcologicalEconomics

,

InternationalJournalofProductionResearch

,JournalofMarketingManagement

,

isalsoaco-authorofthebookSustainabilityPerspectivesinBusinessandResources

Course

authorofthreestatisticstextbookspublishedbyPrenticeHall:BusinessStatistics:AFirst

EducationforBusiness

CommunicationsinStatistics

.Heisaco-

.Krehbiel

,DecisionSciencesJournalofInnovativeEducation

,andTeachingStatistics

,Journalof

,MarketingEducationReview

,BasicBusinessStatistics

,andStatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel

.

andearnedanM.S.(1987)andPh.D.(1990)instatisticsfromtheUniversityofWyoming.

KrehbielgraduatedsummacumlaudewithaB.A.inhistoryfromMcPhersonCollegein1983,

rightsthatheco-developedintheCollegeofHumanitiesandSocialSciences.

intheSchoolofBusinessandanundergraduatecourseininternationaljusticeandhuman

rentlyteachesgraduateandundergraduatecoursesinstatisticsandinoperationsmanagement

InformationSystemsatBernardM.BaruchCollege(CityUniversityofNewY

ork).Hecur-

University(Montclair,NewJersey)andalsoProfessorEmeritusofStatisticsandComputer

MarkL.BerensonisProfessorofManagementandInformationSystemsatMontclairState

BerensonreceivedaB.A.ineconomicstatisticsandanM.B.A.inbusinessstatisticsfromCity

orkandaPh.D.inbusinessfromtheCityUniversityofNewY CollegeofNewY

ork.

BerensonsresearchhasbeenpublishedinDecisionSciencesJournalofInnovativeEducation

,

ReviewofBusinessResearch

,TheAmericanStatistician

,CommunicationsinStatistics

,

Course

Excel

11statisticstextspublishedbyPrenticeHall,includingStatisticsforManagersusingMicrosoft

Measurement&StatisticsandinEncyclopediaofStatisticalSciences

.HisinvitedarticleshaveappearedinTheEncyclopediaof JournalofSurgicalOncology

Statistician

SciencesandAppliedCybernetics

Psychometrika

,EducationalandPsychologicalMeasurement

,ResearchQuarterly

,JournalofManagement

,TheNewYork

,and

,StatsMagazine

,JournalofHealthAdministrationEducation

,JournalofBehavioralMedicine

.Heisco-authorof

,BasicBusinessStatistics:ConceptsandApplications

.

,andBusinessStatistics:AFirst

ServiceforEducationalExcellenceAwardatMontclairStateUniversity.

tionstostatisticseducation.In2005hewasthefirstrecipientofTheCatherineA.Becker

Overtheyears,Berensonhasreceivedseveralawardsforteachingandforinnovativecontribu-

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

BRIEFCONTENTS

B RIEF C ONTENTS Prefacexix 2P 1I NTRODUCTIONAND D ATA C OLLECTION 1 OME I ASIC

Prefacexix

2P

1I

NTRODUCTIONANDD

ATAC

OLLECTION1

OMEI

ASICPROBABILITY147

EASURES95 ESCRIPTIVEM UMERICALD

ABLESANDCHARTS31 ATAINT RESENTINGD

3N

9F

8C

7S

6T

5S

4B

MPORTANTD

ISCRETEPROBABILITYDISTRIBUTIONS179

ISTRIBUTIONS217 ONTINUOUSD THERC ISTRIBUTIONANDO ORMALD HEN

ISTRIBUTIONS251 AMPLINGANDSAMPLINGD

UNDAMENTALSOFHYPOTHESIST

NTERV

ONFIDENCEI

ALE

STIMATION283

ESTING

:ONE

-SAMPLET

ESTS327

Index535

Self-TestSolutionsandAnswerstoSelectedEven-NumberedProblems513

AppendicesA-F471

11I

10S

IMPLEL

INEARR

EGRESSION369

EGRESSION429 NTRODUCTIONTOMULTIPLER

CD-ROMTOPICS

4.5C

OUNTINGR

ULESCD4-1

5.6U

SINGTHEPOISSOND

ISTRIBUTIONTOAPPROXIMATETHEB

INOMIALD

ISTRIBUTIONCD5-1

6.6T

HEN

ORMALAPPROXIMATIONTOTHEB

INOMIALD

ISTRIBUTIONCD6-1

7.6S

AMPLINGF

ROMF

INITEP

OPULATIONSCD7-1

 

8.7E

STIMATIONANDS

AMPLESIZED

ETERMINATIONFORFINITEP

OPULATIONSCD8-1

9.7T

HEP

OWEROFAT

ESTCD9-1

ix

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

CONTENTS

Prefacexix

1.2StatisticsforManagers2

1.1WhyLearnStatistics2

1INTRODUCTIONANDDATACOLLECTION1

HowThisTextisOrganized3

UsingStatistics@GoodTunes4

1.3BasicV

ocabularyofStatistics4

1.5TypesofVariables8

1.4DataCollection6

LevelsofMeasurementandMeasurementScales9

1.6MicrosoftExcelWorksheets11

DesigningEffectiveWorksheets12

WorksheetCells11

KeyTerms30

ExcelCompaniontoChapter118

References17

LearningwiththeWebCases16

End-of-ChapterCases15

ChapterReviewProblems14

KeyTerms13

Summary13

2.1TablesandChartsforCategoricalData32

ours,PartI32 UsingStatistics@ChoiceIsY

2PRESENTINGDATAINTABLESANDCHARTS31

TheParetoDiagram35

ThePieChart34

TheBarChart33

TheSummaryTable33

2.2OrganizingNumericalData40

TheOrderedArray41

2.3TablesandChartsforNumericalData44

TheStem-and-LeafDisplay41

TheCumulativePercentagePolygon(Ogive)51

ThePolygon50

TheHistogram48

TheCumulativeDistribution47

TheRelativeFrequencyDistributionandthePercentageDistribution46

TheFrequencyDistribution44

2.4CrossTabulations54

TheSide-by-SideBarChart56

TheContingencyTable55

xi

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

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xiiContents

2.5ScatterPlotsandTime-SeriesPlots58

TheTime-SeriesPlot59

TheScatterPlot58

2.6MisusingGraphsandEthicalIssues62

MicrosoftExcelGraphs64

ExcelCompaniontoChapter275

References74

WebCase74

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald73

ChapterReviewProblems67

KeyTerms66

Summary66

3.1MeasuresofCentralTendency96

ours,PartII96 UsingStatistics@ChoiceIsY

3NUMERICALDESCRIPTIVEMEASURES95

TheGeometricMean103

Quartiles101

TheMode100

TheMedian99

TheMean97

3.2VariationandShape105

MicrosoftExcelDescriptiveStatisticsResults114

VisualExplorations:ExploringDescriptiveStatistics113

Shape112

ZScores111

TheCoefficientofVariation110

TheVarianceandtheStandardDeviation106

TheInterquartileRange106

TheRange105

3.3NumericalDescriptiveMeasuresforaPopulation118

TheChebyshevRule120

TheEmpiricalRule120

ThePopulationVarianceandStandardDeviation119

ThePopulationMean118

3.4ExploratoryDataAnalysis122

TheBox-and-WhiskerPlot124

TheFive-NumberSummary123

3.5TheCovarianceandtheCoefficientofCorrelation127

TheCoefficientofCorrelation128

TheCovariance127

3.6PitfallsinNumericalDescriptiveMeasuresandEthicalIssues133

EthicalIssues133

ChapterReviewProblems135

KeyTerms135

KeyEquations134

Summary134

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

Contentsxiii

4.1BasicProbabilityConcepts149

UsingStatistics@TheConsumerElectronicsCompany148

4BASICPROBABILITY147

ExcelCompaniontoChapter3143

References142

WebCase142

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald142

GeneralAdditionRule154

JointProbability152

Simple(Marginal)Probability151

ContingencyTables151

EventsandSampleSpaces150

4.2ConditionalProbability157

MarginalProbabilityUsingtheGeneralMultiplicationRule163

MultiplicationRules162

StatisticalIndependence161

DecisionTrees159

ComputingConditionalProbabilities157

4.4EthicalIssuesandProbability171

4.3BayesTheorem166

5SOMEIMPORTANTDISCRETEPROBABILITY

ExcelCompaniontoChapter4177

References176

WebCase176

ChapterReviewProblems173

KeyTerms172

KeyEquations172

Summary172

4.5(

KeyTerms172 KeyEquations172 Summary172 4.5( CD-ROMTopic )CountingRules172 DISTRIBUTIONS179

CD-ROMTopic

)CountingRules172

DISTRIBUTIONS179

5.1TheProbabilityDistributionforaDiscreteRandomVariable180

UsingStatistics@SaxonHomeImprovement180

VarianceandStandardDeviationofaDiscreteRandomVariable182

ExpectedValueofaDiscreteRandomVariable181

5.2CovarianceandItsApplicationinFinance184

ExpectedValue,Variance,andStandardDeviationoftheSum

Covariance184

ofTwoRandomVariables186

PortfolioExpectedReturnandPortfolioRisk186

5.5HypergeometricDistribution201

5.4PoissonDistribution197

5.3BinomialDistribution189

5.4PoissonDistribution197 5.3BinomialDistribution189 5.6( CD-ROMTopic )UsingthePoissonDistributiontoApproximate

5.6(

CD-ROMTopic

)UsingthePoissonDistributiontoApproximate

theBinomialDistribution204

KeyEquations204

Summary204

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

xivContents

6THENORMALDISTRIBUTIONANDOTHER

ExcelCompaniontoChapter5211

References210

WebCase209

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald209

ChapterReviewProblems206

KeyTerms205

CONTINUOUSDISTRIBUTIONS217

6.2TheNormalDistribution219

6.1ContinuousProbabilityDistributions218

UsingStatistics@OurCampus!218

VisualExplorations:ExploringtheNormalDistribution229

6.3EvaluatingNormality234

ConstructingtheNormalProbabilityPlot236

ComparingDataCharacteristicstoTheoreticalProperties234

6.5TheExponentialDistribution241

6.4TheUniformDistribution238

6.4TheUniformDistribution238 6.6( CD-ROMTopic Distribution243

6.6(

CD-ROMTopic

Distribution243

)TheNormalApproximationtotheBinomial

7.1TypesofSamplingMethods252

UsingStatistics@OxfordCereals252

7SAMPLINGANDSAMPLINGDISTRIBUTIONS251

ExcelCompaniontoChapter6247

References246

WebCase246

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald246

ChapterReviewProblems244

KeyTerms243

KeyEquations243

Summary243

ClusterSamples257

StratifiedSamples256

SystematicSamples256

SimpleRandomSamples253

7.2EvaluatingSurveyWorthiness258

EthicalIssues260

SurveyError259

7.4SamplingDistributionoftheMean262

7.3SamplingDistributions261

SamplingfromNon-NormallyDistributedPopulations

SamplingfromNormallyDistributedPopulations265

StandardErroroftheMean264

TheUnbiasedPropertyoftheSampleMean262

TheCentralLimitTheorem268

VisualExplorations:ExploringSamplingDistributions270

7.5SamplingDistributionoftheProportion272

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

ExcelCompaniontoChapter7281

References280

WebCase279

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald279

ChapterReviewProblems276

KeyTerms276

KeyEquations276

Summary275

CD-ROMTopic

7.6(

KeyTerms276 KeyEquations276 Summary275 CD-ROMTopic 7.6( )SamplingFromFinitePopulations275 Contents xv

)SamplingFromFinitePopulations275

Contentsxv

UsingStatistics@SaxonHomeImprovement284

8CONFIDENCEINTERVALESTIMATION283

8.1ConfidenceIntervalEstimationfortheMean(

*Known)285

8.2ConfidenceIntervalEstimationfortheMean(

*Unknown)290

TheConfidenceIntervalStatement292

TheConceptofDegreesofFreedom291

PropertiesofthetDistribution290

StudentstDistribution290

SampleSizeDeterminationfortheMean300

8.4DeterminingSampleSize299

8.3ConfidenceIntervalEstimationfortheProportion296

SampleSizeDeterminationfortheProportion302

8.5ApplicationsofConfidenceIntervalEstimationinAuditing306

One-SidedConfidenceIntervalEstimationoftheRateofNoncompliance

DifferenceEstimation308

EstimatingthePopulationTotalAmount307

withInternalControls311

8.6ConfidenceIntervalEstimationandEthicalIssues313

8.6ConfidenceIntervalEstimationandEthicalIssues313 8.7( CD-ROMTopic )EstimationandSampleSizeDetermination

8.7(

CD-ROMTopic

)EstimationandSampleSizeDetermination

forFinitePopulations314

ExcelCompaniontoChapter8322

References321

WebCase321

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald320

ChapterReviewProblems315

KeyTerms315

KeyEquations314

Summary314

9FUNDAMENTALSOFHYPOTHESISTESTING:

ONE-SAMPLETESTS327

9.1Hypothesis-TestingMethodology328

UsingStatistics@OxfordCereals,PartII328

RisksinDecisionMakingUsingHypothesis-TestingMethodology331

RegionsofRejectionandNonrejection330

TheCriticalValueoftheTestStatistic330

TheNullandAlternativeHypotheses328

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

xviContents

9.2ZTestofHypothesisfortheMean(

*Known)334

AConnectionBetweenConfidenceIntervalEstimation

-ValueApproachtoHypothesisTesting337

Thep

TheCriticalValueApproachtoHypothesisTesting334

andHypothesisTesting340

9.3One-TailTests342

TheCriticalValueApproach342

Thep

-ValueApproach343

TheCriticalValueApproach347

9.4tTestofHypothesisfortheMean(

*Unknown)346

Thep

-ValueApproach349

CheckingAssumptions349

TheCriticalValueApproach354

9.5ZTestofHypothesisfortheProportion353

Thep

-ValueApproach355

10.2DeterminingtheSimpleLinearRegressionEquation372

10.1TypesofRegressionModels370

UsingStatistics@SunflowersApparel370

10SIMPLELINEARREGRESSION369

ExcelCompaniontoChapter9364

References363

WebCase363

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald363

ChapterReviewProblems360

KeyTerms360

KeyEquations360

Summary359

9.7(

CD-ROMTopic

9.6PotentialHypothesis-TestingPitfallsandEthicalIssues357

9.6PotentialHypothesis-TestingPitfallsandEthicalIssues357 )ThePowerofaTest359 Computingthe Y Intercept, b

)ThePowerofaTest359

ComputingtheYIntercept,b

PredictionsinRegressionAnalysis:InterpolationVersusExtrapolation377

VisualExplorations:ExploringSimpleLinearRegressionCoefficients376

TheLeast-SquaresMethod373

0

,andtheSlope,b

1

377

10.3MeasuresofVariation382

StandardErroroftheEstimate386

TheCoefficientofDetermination384

ComputingtheSumofSquares382

10.5ResidualAnalysis388

10.4Assumptions387

EvaluatingtheAssumptions388

10.6MeasuringAutocorrelation:TheDurbin-WatsonStatistic392

TheDurbin-WatsonStatistic394

ResidualPlotstoDetectAutocorrelation392

10.7InferencesAbouttheSlopeandCorrelationCoefficient397

FTestfortheSlope398

tTestfortheSlope397

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

tTestfortheCorrelationCoefficient400

ConfidenceIntervalEstimateoftheSlope(

*

1

)400

Contentsxvii

10.8EstimationofMeanValuesandPredictionofIndividualValues404

ThePredictionInterval405

TheConfidenceIntervalEstimate404

11.1DevelopingaMultipleRegressionModel430

UsingStatistics@OmniFoods430

11INTRODUCTIONTOMULTIPLEREGRESSION429

ExcelCompaniontoChapter10422

References421

WebCase421

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald420

ChapterReviewProblems414

KeyTerms414

KeyEquations413

Summary412

10.9PitfallsinRegressionandEthicalIssues408

11.2r

2

,

PredictingtheDependentVariableY433

InterpretingtheRegressionCoefficients431

Adjustedr

,andtheOverallFTest435 2

TestfortheSignificanceoftheOverallMultipleRegressionModel437

Adjustedr

CoefficientofMultipleDetermination436

2

436

11.4InferencesConcerningthePopulationRegressionCoefficients441

11.3ResidualAnalysisfortheMultipleRegressionModel439

ConfidenceIntervalEstimation443

TestsofHypothesis441

11.5TestingPortionsoftheMultipleRegressionModel445

CoefficientsofPartialDetermination448

ariablesandInteractionTermsinRegressionModels450 11.6UsingDummyV

Interactions453

D.StudentCD-ROMContents478

C.StatisticalSymbolsandGreekAlphabet477

B.SummationNotation474

A.ReviewofArithmetic,

Appendices471

ExcelCompaniontoChapter11467

References466

WebCase466

ManagingtheSpringvilleHerald466

ChapterReviewProblems463

KeyTerms462

KeyEquations462

Summary460

Algebra,andLogarithms472

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.

xviiiContents

5.6UsingthePoissonDistributionToApproximatetheBinomial

4.5CountingRulesCD4-1

CD-ROMTopics

Index535

Problems513

Self-TestSolutionsandAnswerstoSelectEven-Numbered

F.FAQsAboutUsingMicrosoftExcelandPHStat2510

E.Tables485

DistributionCD5-1

9.7ThePowerofaTestCD9-1

8.7EstimationandSampleSizeDeterminationforFinitePopulationsCD8-1

7.6SamplingFromFinitePopulationsCD7-1

6.6TheNormalApproximationtotheBinomialDistributionCD6-1

Copyright2008byPearsonEducation,Inc.

StatisticsforManagersUsingMicrosoftExcel,FifthEdition,byDavidM.Levine,MarkL.Berenson,andTimothyC.Krehbiel.PublishedbyPrenticeHall.