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Unit 5 assignment 1: video summary 3

Video 1.05 is about CPUs, how a CPU is organized, CPU speed, advances in processing speed,
Cache, Sockets, ZIF and Heat. Video 1.05 shows the roles of the Controller, ALU, cache,
frontside bus and backside bus. Also shows us the difference between multiprocessing,
multiprocessors and dual core processors.


CPU Speed
Advances in processing speed

Terms used in video 1.05 with their definitions

Major manufactures: Intel and AMD

System bus: A system bus is a single computer bus for the data transfer between the
central processing unit and the memory.

Frontside bus: (FSB) the bus via which a processor communicates with its RAM and
chipset; one half of the Dual Independent Bus (the other half being the backside bus).

Controller: Control unit definition, the part of a CPU that interprets the instructions in ...
transmission line to a control unit on a selector channel at the computer center.

ALU: An arithmetic-logic unit (ALU) is the part of a computer processor (CPU) that
carries out arithmetic and logic operations on the operands in computer instruction words.

Internal bus: An internal bus is a type of data bus that only operates internally in a
computer or system. It carries data and operations as a standard bus.

Cache: Two types of caching are commonly used in personal computers: memory caching
and disk caching. A memory cache, sometimes called a cache store or RAM cache, is a

portion of memory made of high-speed static RAM (SRAM) instead of the slower and
cheaper dynamic RAM (DRAM) used for main memory.

Backside bus: backside bus, is a computer bus used to connect the CPU to CPU cache
memory, usually L2.

Processor: usually measured in GHz. A part of a computer, such as the central processing
unit, that performs calculations or other manipulations of data. A program that translates
another program into a form acceptable by the computer being used.

System bus: A system bus is a single computer bus that connects the major components
of a computer system.

Multiplier: CPU multiplier. Also called the "clock ratio," it is the speed ratio between the
computer's frontside bus (FSB) and the CPU

Multiprocessing: Multi-processing refers to the ability of a system to support more than

one processor at the same time.

Multi-processor: A multi-core processor is an integrated circuit (IC) to which two or more

processors have been attached for enhanced performance, reduced power consumption,
and more efficient simultaneous processing of multiple tasks.

Dual core processor: Dual-core refers to a CPU that includes two complete execution
cores per physical processor. It has combined two processors and their caches and cache
controllers onto a single integrated circuit (silicon chip)

SRAM: static RAM, faster but more expensive and holds memory without being

DRAM: dynamic RAM, memory must be refreshed.

L1 cache: On the processor chip.

L2 cache: Inside the processor housing not on the processor chip.

L3 cache: Inside the processor housing, further away from the processor chip.

Sockets LGA 775: used by intel-Pentium 4 and Celeron

Socket 754: AMD-Athlon, Sempron, Opteron.

ZIF: (Zero Insertion Force socket) A type of socket designed for easy insertion of pin grid
array (PGA) chips. The chip is easily dropped into the socket's holes, and a lever is pulled
down to lock it in.

Optimal temperature: 90-110 F, 32-42 C

Check system temperature in CMOS.

Thermal compound: cream-like substance forms thermal seal between CPU and heat

Heat sink: finger like projections (fins).

CPU fan: draws heat away from CPU.