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NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 NISHKA A FINANCIAL NEWSLETTER September 2014, Volume V, Issue



September 2014, Volume V, Issue 51


Christ University Institute of Management, Kengeri Campus

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

In this newsletter

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 In this newsletter 2


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Introduction to Anti-Money Laundering

Sudeshna Bhattacharya, F1 & Purnima Singh, F2

‘Hawala’ or Money Laundering has become synonymous terms for Black Money transactions in our country. There are scores of cases where it has been found that banks had a nexus and was actively involved in money laundering. Money Laundering is not just used as a vehicle to stash black money but it also has repercussions like, finding its way to financ- ing terrorism. The government has been pro-active in this regard to stop money laundering; it has come up with Anti-Money Laundering Act, 2005 which collaborates with Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the inter-country organisation that combats money laundering. It is an initiative of the G-7 coun- tries.

The standards have been the international benchmark for Anti-Money Laundering Act, 2005 and it helps to combat the financing of terrorism by the regulatory authorities. It is necessary for the banks, financial institutions and NBFCs to comply with these standards for international financial rela- tionship. The ‘Hawala’ Mechanism facilitates trans- ferring out of the country and hiding unaccounted wealth. Black money refers to funds earned, on which taxes have not been paid and hence unac- counted. Black money is earned through legally or illegally traded goods or services while White mon- ey is the money earned through legal means and on which taxes have been paid.

The different stages of money laundering are as fol- lows:

Placement: The first stage is about the physical dis- posal of cash. It introduces illegal profits of the laun- derer into the financial system. This placement is accomplished by depositing the cash in domestic banks or in other types of formal and informal insti- tutions.

Layering: The Second stage in money laundering is layering. It engages a series of conversions or move- ments of the funds to distance them from their source or origin. The funds might be channelized through the purchase and sale of investment instru- ments such as bonds, stocks, and traveller’s checks or the launderer might deposit the funds through a series of accounts at various banks across the globe, particularly to those jurisdictions that do not cooper- ate in anti-money laundering investigations.

Integration: In this stage the funds are returned to the legitimate economy for later extraction. Exam- ples include investing in a company, purchasing real estate, luxury goods, etc.

The launderer makes the ill-gotten wealth appear as it appear to have been legally earned and accomplishes integration of the “cleaned” money into the economy.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Introduction to Anti - Money Laundering Sudeshna Bhattacharya, F1https://www.moneylaundering.ca/public/ law/3_stages_ML.php 3 " id="pdf-obj-2-50" src="pdf-obj-2-50.jpg">

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Case Analysis: M/S Chinubhai Patel & Co.

Aswathy Edison, F1

In 1995, M/s Chinubhai Patel & Co. was syn- onymous with the money laundering operation con- ducted by Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI), which revealed a number of fictitious ac- counts opened in banks by individuals. Further in- vestigations conducted opened up the major role played by Indian banks in such illegal transactions.

At a Glance:

M/s Chinubhai Patel & Co. was the name of the fictitious bank account opened in South Indian

Bank’s Nariman Point Branch, Mumbai. The bank

account was opened in 1994 by the then bank man- ager Mr. Kasturi Rangan. The bank created the ac- count without obtaining and authenticating the ac- countholder or account operator’s photograph.

What happened?

This account was utilized for depositing cash of Rupees 387,379,000 and from his account; US $ 12,048,650 was remitted in favour of M/s R.P. Im- ports and Exports, Hong Kong. The remittances were made on the basis of fraudulent documents. Further investigations conducted by the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) in India and abroad, revealed that four more firms have been operating their accounts in a similar manner in the South Indi- an Bank Ltd., and these firms were identified as M/s Rakesh International, M/s R.M. International, M/s P.M. International and M/s DeePee International.

These firms were also found to be fictitious and not existing at the given address. They were operating the account with the said bank since June 1992. Through this account, an amount equivalent to US $

80 million (Rupees 2,500 million) were remitted

from India to Hong Kong.

The people associated with the act were Mr. Rajesh Mehta and Mr. Prakash who used this ac- count to siphon off funds in foreign exchange to countries such as Dubai, Singapore and Hong Kong with the help of pseudo documents which resulted in a foreign exchange loss to India estimated at Rupees 2,500 million.

The further investigations conducted by For- eign Exchange Enforcement Directorate(ED) re-

vealed that these illegal transactions occurred in

number of banks, one of them being United Com- mercial Bank, Bombay. During the period 1991-95, remittances amounting to Rupees 5,467.8 million had been made through 12 different banks.

In 1990’s, there was a money laundering league operating with the help of middlemen who appointed front persons to open fictitious bank ac- counts for the purpose of depositing cash and receiv- ing pay orders from other banks. This was also uti-

lized to reward bank officials who were aware of the

transactions. Fraudulent Documents such as custom-

er Invoice, Bills of Entry, Packing Lists etc., were created to show that imports had taken place and funds were required to be remitted from the accounts to the fictitious exporting countries such as Hong Kong. To obtain the remittances from India, ficti- tious accounts were also opened in banks of Hong Kong. 33 people who were associated with the league were arrested during February 1996 to June


Despite the measures taken by the Govern-

ment of India in the form of Prevention of Money

Laundering Act, 2002, money laundering leagues still thrive in the country. Though, India has been compliant with the global intergovernmental body Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recommenda- tions in combating the problem of money launder- ing, the country still hasn’t fully been able to pre- vent the problem.

When we think of Switzerland, besides their chocolates and watches, Indians could relate to the huge piles of black money believed to be stashed in

the accounts which is yet to be recovered. So, let us

be optimistic about our Swiss counterparts who will co-operate with India and return the black money to India.


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Case Analysis: Ketan Parekh Scam (2001)

Challapalli Kalyana Karthik, F2 and Niharika

Shadra, F1

Money laundering is the conversion of ille- gitimate money into superficially legitimate assets or money. Money from crimes such as extortion, terrorism & the like is “dirty money” which is “cleaned” to supposedly appear to arise from non- criminal activities. The global financial system as a whole has been striving hard to curb money laun- dering by putting in place, a number of legal pro- cesses. Instances of banks being fined by RBI or US Federal Reserve have sharply risen over the past few years. A number of KYC norms and adherences are strictly followed, but loopholes still exist and money laundering is still as common.

AML (Anti-Money Laundering) is a system in place to reduce the money laundering activities. Out of 140 countries, India has been ranked 93rd and 70th in 2012 and 2013 respectively with a score of 6.05 in 2012 and 5.95 in 2013, as compared to Norway, which has a score of 2.36 and ranks No. 1 in the Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Basel Index 2013. This clearly indicates the importance, we need to accord to AML norms in India.

About the Case:

All over world investment in ICE (Information Technology, Communication and En- tertainment) shares was the trend. Ketan Parekh col- luded with promoters of the new economy (ICE) shares and changed the complexion of the market by buying stock known as K-10 scrip. He succeeded in lifting scrips such as HFCL, Satyam and Global to international P/E levels.

Parekh’s modus operandi was to route or-

ders through his three broking outfits and 40 satel- lite brokers. He had contacts with brokers in Kolka- ta and Ahmedabad, who were rewarded with ‘Badla’ payments. His sources of funds were Non- Resident Indians (NRIs) and the new private sector banks who accepted shares as collateral. He would pledge the shares with banks as collateral when the share prices were high.

Mutual funds and foreign institutional inves- tors by investing heavily in technology stocks helped K-10 scrip to rise high. He placed shares of Satyam at a premium of Rs 1,000 with UTI and the shares of HFCL for Rs 1,400 with mutual funds and foreign institutional investors. Parekh would in- crease the liquidity of stock when there was a strong demand or he himself would buy aggressively if one of the portfolio stocks fell.

The Bull Run started in May 1999 and con- tinued up until November 1999 when Parekh started his first major round of trading aggressively in HFCL, Global, Satyam, and Zee scrips. Sensex rose

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Case Analysis: Ketan Parekh Scam (2001) Challapalli Kalyana Karthik,

from 3,378 to 4,491 points. Sensex peaked to 6,100 before it started falling due to a global meltdown in

ICE shares. There was a sharp decline in prices due

to factors such as global economic slowdown, sig- nificant market capitalization erosion at NASDAQ and other leading stock exchanges. The sudden steep fall in prices of these scrips resulted in a huge depletion in the margins of shares that were placed as securities with the banks. Consequently the banks were obliged to ask Parekh and his associates to either pledge more shares as collateral or return some of the borrowed money, and on the other hand, they were driven to prop up the prices by pumping more money into the capital market. This

resulted in a financial crunch for some major bull operators, which led to disputes in the Kolkata (Calcutta) Stock Exchange (CSE). The crisis snow- balled as the Kolkata brokers took more long posi- tions than Parekh. Trading at Kolkata was 90 per cent unofficial. It was a cash ‘Badla’ market where Rupees 1,500-2,000 crore was rolled every month at 21-30percent. As the circumstances developed, ‘Badla’ rates shot up to 80 per cent at the Kolkata Stock Exchange. So, Parekh defaulted on payments


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

to Kolkata brokers which resulted in a payment crisis between March 12 to17, 2001. Seventy CSE brokers defaulted as the exchange plunged into crisis. The bear cartel on BSE, which was hammering the market

with inside information was caught red handed by SEBI who suspended all the seven members from the

BSE governing board. Ketan Parekh desperately borrowed huge sums from the Ahmedabad based Madhavpura Mercantile Cooperative Bank (MMCB). The bank issued pay orders running into Crores of Rupees without receiving

cash payment or collateral from Parekh. Pay orders are instruments whereby the issuing branch of a bank orders another branch of the same bank to pay the stated amount to the named payee. The issuing branch of the bank collect cash up front and hence have full collateral. Hence, the discounting bank is sure of collec- tion. As Parekh colluded with Ramesh Parekh the chairman of MMCB, the latter issued Pay Orders without having the balance in the bank’s accounts. The Bank of India (BOI) discounted

Rupees 137 crores worth of Pay Orders which

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 to Kolkata brokers which resulted in a payment crisishttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2009 - 01 - 24/news/29403716_1_satyam - fraud - audit - price - waterhouse , http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/ketan - parekh/recent/3 6 " id="pdf-obj-5-14" src="pdf-obj-5-14.jpg">

bounced. Ketan Parekh paid only Rupees 7 crores and BOI went to a criminal court against him. The Reserve bank specifically prohibits co- operative banks to invest in the stock market or to lend to stock brokers. However, the latter are free to lend to individuals against a pledge of shares up to Rupees 10 lakh per borrower if the shares are in a physical form and up to Rupees 20 lakh if they are in dematerialized form. MMCB flouted the norms of the Reserve Bank to earn higher rates of return. Ketan Parekh took money from the NRIs and the private banks which lent money against shares

and MMCB helped Ketan Parekh and all the NRIs to clean the dirty money so that they can claim it to be


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Operation Red Spider by Co-


Niken Jain, F2

Cobrapost claimed to have unearthed a vast, nationwide money laundering racket being run by three leading private sector banks of India, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank and Axis Bank.

Facts of the Case:

The investigation found that the banks and

their managements systematically and deliberately violated several provisions of the Income Tax Act, FEMA, RBI regulations, KYC norms, the Banking

Regulation and Prevention of Money laundering

Act (PMLA) with utter disregard to the conse- quences, driven by their desire to boost cheap de- posits and reap higher profits. Cobrapost captured the huge money laun- dering racket being run by these banks on video tapes which were secretly filmed. These tapes showed that money laundering services were openly offered to even walk-in customers who wish to launder their illicit money.

How did it come out?

Reporters at Cobrapost walked in to banks and asked the bank officials if they could help

launder a huge sum of money belonging to politi- cians and, surprisingly found that employees ac- cepted those brazen offers.

value than Rupees 49,999) to get it into the banking system without being detected. Use ‘Benami’ accounts to facilitate the con- version of black money. Use accounts of other customers to channel- ize the black money into the system for a fee. Get demand drafts made for the client either from their own banks or from other banks to facilitate investment without it showing up in the client’s account. They will keep the identity of the investor/depositor secret. Open multiple accounts and close them at will to facilitate the investment of black

money. Invest black money in multiple instruments in the names of different individuals, not necessarily hailing from the same family. Allot lockers for the safekeeping of the ille- gitimate cash, including special large size lockers to accommodate crores of Rupees of hard cash. Bank officials were known to have personal- ly visiting residence of clients to collect un- accounted or ill-gotten money which were to be later laundered. It was reported that they even took along with them currency count- ing machines. Use Form 60 to deposit the illegitimate cash into accounts with no PAN and later route monies so deposited into investments.

How do the banks do it?

You must be wondering how a bank can indulge in such an activity with so much of strin- gent norms put in place by the RBI on banking industry. Following are a few of the ways suggest- ed by the bank officials:

Operation Red Spider made it clear that the RBI, the IT Department, the ED and various other institutions entrusted under the law to keep a

watch on the banks have been inefficient in un-

earthing the misconduct, claimed Cobrapost.

Accept huge amounts of cash and invest it in insurance products and gold. Open an account to route the cash into vari- ous investment schemes of the bank and do it even without the mandatory PAN card or adhering to the KYC norms laid down by RBI. Split the money into tranches (transaction

RBI did an investigation and found that trans- gressions found were operational in nature with employees not adhering to norms and guidelines. It concluded that current KYC norms and AML guidelines were robust and does not need any revi- sions. RBI for now has fined the banks but what remains to be seen is the banks follow the guide- lines and be more careful in future.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

RBI Column

Pawanpreet Kaur, F2

RBI’s liquidity management triggers volatility: The Reserve Bank of India has created more volatility in the money market than reducing it, making some believe, that it is tightening of interest rate by stealth. Interbank rates which are supposed to be closer to the policy rates has gone widely off the mark in the past three months. Overnight rates should have been between 8.20% and 7.80% in- stead of 9.16% and 7.4%. Addressing this problem being faced by all the banks in India, RBI governor said, “RBI wanted banks to do better forecasting for funds, cut the funds available under LAF to 0.25% of total deposits, from an unlimited amount”. Though RBI is planning to sell bonds which will reduce liquidity in the system and not releasing funds through Repo agreement to compensate through reducing export refinancing, this action in spite of lowering down liquidity crunch is confusing the system.

RBI’s initiative to be lenient while licensing small banks: Even after RBI’s first attempt in giv- ing differentiated licenses for small banks does not hold out many hopes for scores of aspirants. The rules and policies include:

Operational area of small banks will be restricted to contiguous districts and expansion plans for initial three years would need prior approval of RBI. Minimum capital of Rupees 100 crore is required to start small banks and involves more risks for the new entrant. Professionals with 10 years of banking/finance experience can set up a small bank. NBFCs, MFIs, Local area banks can convert themselves into small banks. Small banks to follow all banking norms, including CRR and SLR maintenance. Minimum 50% loans should be Rupees 2.5 Million or less. Promoter’s initial contribution to be 40% of capital and cannot exit or sell his share before 5 years.

RBI’s plan to end lazy banking: RBI governor Dr Raghuram Rajan seems to have made a be- ginning to end lazy banking in India. Reducing SLR by 100 basis points (22%) is an indication:

More lending to productive sectors of the economy. Reduction in SLR will be compensated by payment banks as they will grow in size. Meeting the fiscal deficit target of 4.1% of GDP. It will be done when funds with government will be reduced. Unproductive banks will be penalised by putting an end to them.

RBI’s step to put restriction on wilful defaulter from investing in capital market:

The RBI has forwarded a proposal to SEBI suggesting barring wilful defaulters of bank loans from raising funds through capital markets. RBI will be sharing details of these defaulters on real time ba- sis. Information about wilful defaulters is shared with SEBI and CIBIL, and is inviting other agencies to share the information to bring more credibility and efficiency in the market.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Corporate Column

Sai Nanthini R.K, F2

To gain insights on Anti-Money Laundering in India, we interviewed Mr. Arthanari, Retd. Bank Manager, Canara Bank, Chennai.

1. What is the Prevention of Money Laundering Act?

A: The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA) forms the core of the legal frame- work put in place by India to combat money laundering. This came into force in July 2005. This Act imposes obligation on banking companies, financial institutions and intermediaries to verify identity of clients, maintain records and furnish information to the designated government agency. It defines money laundering offence and provides for the freezing, seizure and confiscation of the proceeds of

crime. It makes it obligatory for all intermediaries including banks, HFCs to follow 'Know Your Cus-

tomer' norms which basically defines the customer identification process. As per the KYC, intermedi- aries have to collect documents before entering into any transaction with the customers. This process is basically to know the true identity, the source from where the funds have been brought, nature of customer's occupation or business, etc.

  • 2. What is the biggest challenge in complying with AML regulations?

A: The challenges are faced in three phases: Implementation, Interpretation and Reporting. In each phase the role of the management differs which actually shows the level of difficulty. These challenges may be due to legacy data or operational difficulties, and hence, designing and exe- cuting an effective implementation program remains the biggest impediment. Perceptions of the mid- dle management do matter in this. To meet these challenges, all areas of AML function require an equal focus. The budget has to be divided proportionately on activities such as training, technology and operations.

  • 3. What are the key operational challenges that every organisation faces with respect to AML?











infrastructure and technology, skilled staff, no standardized process for complying.

When we closely look at it, AML has not reached the level of stability compared to normal operation- al process, where procedures are strictly codified and concerned people are fully trained to follow them.

  • 4. How does PMLA helps in combating financing of illegal activity?

A: India has consistently maintained a robust AML system. Our strict foreign-exchange laws and transaction reporting requirements, together with the banking industry’s KYC policy, make it dif-

ficult for criminals to use banks or other financial institutions to launder money. Large portions of illegal proceeds are laundered through the alternative remittance system known as ‘Havala’.

Under the ‘Havala’ system, individuals transfer value from one location to another, often without the actual movement of currency. This is why, many Indians do not trust banks and we prefer to avoid lengthy paperwork. But, ‘Havala’ dealers provide the same remittance service as a bank with little or sometimes no documentation and at rates less than those charged by banks.

To prevent this, the Bill was amended in 2002.

This legislation criminalizes money laundering, es-

tablished fines and sentences for money laundering offenses, imposes reporting and recordkeeping

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Finance Buzz

Vyom Goel, F2

Racketeering: It refers to a criminal activity that is performed to benefit an organization, such as a crime syndicate. Examples include Money Laundering, Loan Sharking, Obstruction of Justice and Bribery.

Black Economy: The segment of a country's economic activity that is derived from sources that fall outside the country's rules and regulations regarding commerce. The activities can be either legal or illegal depending on what goods and/or services are involved.

Perpetrator Walk: A slang term that describes the practice sometimes employed by law enforce- ment authorities, notably in the U.S., of parading an arrested suspect in public, with members of the media usually in attendance. The alleged suspect is usually a white-collar or high-profile criminal.

Suspicious Activity Report (SAR): Suspicious Activity Reports can cover almost any activity that is out of the ordinary, if that activity gives rise to a suspicion that the account holder is attempting to hide something or avoid reporting under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). The Indian version of SAR is Suspicious

Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN): A network administered by the United States Department of Treasury whose goal is to prevent and punish criminals and criminal networks

that participate in money laundering.

Wire Fraud: A situation where a person concocts a scheme to defraud or obtain money based on false representation or promises. This criminal act is done using electronic communications or an inter- state communications facility.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Market Round-up

K.Alekhya, F2 & B. Suma Sravya, F1

Public sector banks' NPAs have piled up enormously and soared to a staggering Rupees 25,809 crore for the financial year ended March 31 pushing the total gross NPA ratio to 4.03 per cent in 2013 -14 from 3.42 per cent in 2012-13 and 2.94 per cent in 2011- 12- 02/08/2014 (BS). No change in interest rates as RBI looks ahead: Reduced SLR by half-a-percentage point to 22% to free up funds of about Rupees 40,000 crore in the banking system, given its total deposit base of about Rupees 80 trillion. - 05/08/2014 (ET).

FIPB clears 14 FDI proposals worth Rupees 1,528 Crores: Of the proposals approved, pharma company Laurus Labs will invest Rupees 600 Crores; ACME - Rupees 275 Crores; Sinclair Hotels - Rupees 41.52 Crores and Golden Agri Resources (India) Rupees 485.9 Crores - 06/08/2014 (ET). SEBI clears norms for Real Estate Investment Trusts: To boost the real estate and infrastruc- ture sector with inflows of over US $20 Billion investment from both foreign and domestic investors, SEBI on Sunday, approved the SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014, and SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014- 11/08/2014 (The Hindu).

RBI to transfer Rupees 52,679 Crores surplus profit to government: This amount would provide some help to the government, which proposes to bring down the fiscal deficit to 4.1 per cent of GDP this fiscal from 4.5 per cent last year - 11/08/2014 (BS).

Factory output slips to 3.4 percent in June: Showing signs of sluggishness in the economy, growth rate of industrial production slowed to 3.4 per cent in June, as against 5 per cent in May, main- ly due to lower output of consumer goods - 12/08/2014 (ET).

No foreign equity in multi-brand retail. Narendra Modi's government will not permit foreign equity in multi-brand retail trade, which was an assurance in the party's election manifesto and as per the extant FDI policy, FDI up to 100 percent is permitted in single brand retail trading. The present draft of the policy does not permit retail trading in any form, by means of e-commerce, for companies with FDI engaged in the activity of single/multi brand retail trading - 13/08/2014(BS).

Trade deficit rises to $12.22 Billion as July exports growth slows down: Exports growth slipped to 7.33 per cent in July after witnessing a growth of 10.22 per cent and 12.4 per cent respectively in June and May. Gems and jewellery and electronics continue to be a cause of concern as their negative growth is pulling down overall exports growth - 14/08/2014(ET).

US Immigration Bill is all for significantly cutting down on outsourcing of work for certain kinds of visas that were mostly used by Indian firms and professionals. If the Bill becomes a law, then India's GDP could be adversely impacted by about US $30 billion a year. Direct impact will be, 10 million Indian IT Professionals domestically and 500,000 in the US will no longer have any work -


FIIs pull out Rupees 5,300 Crores from bonds so far in August from the Indian debt market. Foreign investors were gross buyers of debt securities worth Rupees 9,175 crore till August 14, and sellers to the tune of Rupees 14,448 Crores - a net outflow of Rupees 5,273 Crores. There are several reasons such as geo-political unrest in Ukraine, Iraq and Gaza along with global economic issues like the defaults in Argentina and Portugal, and the recent SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio) cut by the Re- serve Bank of India (RBI) -18/08/2014 (ET).

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Stock Market Analysis

Sooraj Kumar, F1

Sensex crossed 27000 points in August-September from 25894.97 points in July, 2014. Stock markets averaged 6329.06 Index points from the time of inception till 2014, reaching an all-time high of 27000 points. Since July 2014 the monthly growth has been 2.87%. Cautious sentiment may pre- vail as the Supreme Court will decide the fate of coal blocks.

Improved performance of mining, manufacturing and services sector pushed India's economic growth rate to two-and-half year high of 5.7 per cent in the April-June quarter, a development which the Finance Ministry expects to continue for rest of the fiscal. But, focus will largely shift on the Su- preme Court’s verdict. Historically, September has been a weak month for equity markets. But, Dalal Street participants seem to be thinking otherwise this year. As the September contracts take the center stage on expiry of the August contracts on Thursday, traders are sitting on bullish bets on Nifty fu- tures. Stock futures of technology, pharma, oil & gas and automobile sectors have also seen a rollover of long positions to the September series from August.

The top gainers for the month of august are Bharat Petroleum (20.33%), M&M (20.07%), Tata Mo- tors (19.32%), Godrej Consumer Products (17.49%), Cipla (16.23%) followed by Nestle India, Dabur India, HPCL, etc. The top Losers for the month are Jai Prakash associates (21.66%), Reliance Power (17.66%), Adani Power (14.84%), IDBI Bank Ltd (14.78%) followed by Unitech, Jindal Steel and Power, Reliance Communication and others.

Stock of the Month - Bharat Petroleum

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Stock Market Analysis Sooraj Kumar, F1 Sensex crossed 27000

Face Value: Rupees 10

Traded Volume (Shares): 33, 87,252

Traded Value (Lacs of Rupees): 23,496

Market Cap (Lacs of Rupees): 17,942

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Economic Rollers

Simmy Kumari, F2


Rates as on 1 st August,

Rates as on 15 th August,



Repo Rate



Reverse Repo Rate












Base Rate



Call Money Rate (Weighted average)



  • 91 days T-Bill (Primary) Yield



364-Day Treasury Bill (Primary) Yield



  • 10 years Govt. Securities Yield



Bank Rate



CBLO(weighted average)



Savings Deposit Rate



Forward Premia of US$ 1-month



Source: Finance Ministry, Office of Economic Advisory, HDFC Securities Report, Ministry Of Commerce, RBI, http://www.tradingeconomics.com/india/

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Finance Quiz

Srinivas Rahul Chaganti, F2

  • 1. The provisions of PMLA (Prevention of Money laundering Act, 2002) have come into effect from __________.

  • 2. Which Bank announces EMI facility on debit cards, which ties up with Samsung?

  • 3. India signs MoU with


to develop infra for semi high-

speed trains.

  • 4. Who is the new CEO of Mahindra Retail who replaced K. Venkataraman?

  • 5. Power bought Lanco Infratech’s Udipi power plant for 6000 crores.


  • 6. Who is the Indian origin mathematician who has been awarded prestig- ious 2014 Field Medal at International Mathematician Union (IMU)?

  • 7. Tata-Singapore joint venture is branded as __________.

  • 8. SEBI imposes 13 crore penalty on

for non-disclosure of diluted



  • 9. Which bank has been emerged as most valued bank in India with a brand value of US $ 9.4 Billion?




Ltd. India’s steel maker has agreed to buy Welspun Max

Steel for Rupees 1000 crore.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51


Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)


NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51 Photo - Find Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2 1) 2) 3)

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51


Samyuktha P Reddy, F2

1. 3. 2. 7. 8. 5. 9. 10. 4. 6.


  • 1. ------------ confirmed Wednesday that it faces fresh US fines over alleged breaches in its anti-money laundering systems, two years after it paid massive penalties for violating American sanctions.

  • 2. A special anti-money laundering court here has attached assets worth over Rs 37.86 crore belonging to former Karnataka minister and mining baron --------- and his wife in connection with an alleged multi-crore iron ore mining scam.

  • 3. US regulators are investigating Charles Schwab Corp and Bank of America Corp's -------brokerage over whether they are doing enough to learn about their clients' identities, sources said, the latest sign a crackdown on money laundering is expanding.

  • 4. To safeguard Indian markets from money laundering risks, brokers and other intermediaries would need to have designated director for ---------------- compliance by the end of this month.

  • 5. ----- which has a score of 2.36 and ranks No. 1 in the Anti Money Laundering (AML) Basel Index 2013.


  • 6. In which year the Parliament of India passed an act called the Prevention of Money Laundering Act.

  • 7. This type of money laundering is a process that disguises a legitimate source of funds that are to be used for illegal purposes

  • 8. In December 2012, ---- : paid a record $1.9 Billion fines for money-laundering hundreds of millions of dollars for drug traffickers, terrorists and sanctioned governments such as Iran.The money-laundering occurred throughout the 2000s.

  • 9. ---- was a major international bank founded in 1972 by Agha Hasan Abedi, a Pakistani financier. The bank it finally came out was being used to fund criminals and dictators, the CIA of USA was using it to fund the Af- ghan Mujahedeen and Contras. It was laundering proceeds from trafficking heroin grown in Pakistan- Afghanistan, boosting the flow of narcotics to European and U.S markets.

    • 10. Formed in 1989 by the G7 countries, the ---- is an intergovernmental body whose purpose is to develop and promote an international response to combat money laundering.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51

Answers to Quiz: 1. 2005 2. ICICI 3. Czech Republic Railways 4. Prakash Wankankar 5. Adani
Answers to Quiz:
Czech Republic Railways
Prakash Wankankar
Manjul Bhargava
10. JSW


Answers to Crossword: 1. Standard Chartered 2. Gali Janardhana Reddy 3. Merrill Lynch 4. PMLA (
Answers to Crossword:
Standard Chartered
Gali Janardhana Reddy
Merrill Lynch
PMLA ( Prevention of Money Laundering
BCCI - The Bank of Credit and Commerce
ANSWERS TO PHOTO FIND: 1. Logo of Standard Chartered which has been in news recently for
Logo of Standard Chartered which has been in news recently for having
faced a hefty money laundering fine.
Jeffrey Preston "Jeff" Bezos, technology entrepreneur who has played a key
role in the growth of e-commerce as the founder and CEO of Amazon.com
Lloyd Craig Blankfein, CEO and Chairman of Goldman Sachs.
Manjul Bhargava, the first person of Indian origin to win the Fields Medal,
which is awarded every four years to mathematicians who are 40 years old or
younger and is often described as a Nobel Prize for mathematics.
Logo of HSBC (Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation), world's sec-
ond largest bank.
Arundhati Bhattacharya, the first woman to be the Chairperson of State
Bank of India. In 2014, she was listed as the 36th most powerful woman in
the world by Forbes.

NISHKA Sept 2014 Volume V Issue 51


Nishka is a monthly finance newsletter brought by the students of the finance club of Christ

University Institute of Management, Kengeri Campus. The idea behind coining this issue of the magazine is to establish a learning among the students, which helps them to gain an insight about the world of finance.


Gerorge P Job, F2 Neha Mishra, F2


Upasana Gurung, F1

Srijita Mukherjee, F2

Article Coordinators

Aswathy Edison, F1 Sudeshna Bhattacharya, F2

Article Writing by

Kalyan Karthik, F2 Purnima Singh, F2

Stock Analysis

Sooraj Kumar, F1

Faculty Coordinator

Prof Shrikanth Rao


Niharika Shadra, F1

Niken Jain, F2

RBI Column

Pawanpreet Kaur, F2

Finance Buzz

Vyom Goel, F2

Market Round Up

B.S Sravya, F1 Katepalli Alekhya, F2

Economic Rollers

Simmy Kumari, F2


Sharan Kumar G, F2


Samyuktha P Reddy, F2


Rahul Srinivas, F2

Photo Find

Nilanjana Chatterjee, F2

Corporate Interview

Sai Nanthini R K, F2


Please mail your valuable feedback/reviews to nishka@mba.christuniversity.in (for private circulation only)