Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

P hoto R etouching

Adobe Photoshop provides you with


a variety of tools and commands for
improving the quality of a photographic
image. This lesson explains
techniques for basic image correction
by stepping you through the process of
acquiring, resizing, and retouching a
photo intended for a print layout.
reserving an extensive body of
work assembled by a team of
photographers from 1991 to
1995, The Architecture of Italy CD-ROM
disc is a compilation of more than three
hundred sumptuous photographs. With crossreferenced
text provided for each photograph,
this collection can be used as a
resource for many endeavors. Much more
than a "digital coffee-table book, "you are
free to modify, rent, lease, distribute, or
create derivative works based upon the
original images found in this collection.
Included in this collection are St. Mark's
Cathedral in Venice; the Tower and Baptistry
at Pisa; the Colliseum, the Forum, the
Vatican, and highlights from the Vatican
Museum in Rome; the Duomo, the Medici
Palace, the Ponte Vecchio, and the Gates of
Heaven in Florence. More than 75 superb
architectural examples, which have received
little recognition, have also been included.
Gina Antonelli is known for her works on
Italian fine art, as well as several previous
photographic publications: "Italy's Best
Loved Gardens," the series "Italian Tradition
in Color and Form" (Dress; Cuisine; Architecture;
Pastimes), and two editions of the
book "Italian Traditional Patterns." In
addition to completing the Rome and Naples
photography assignment, photographer and
art historian Tomas Panini assembled and
edited the explanatory notes for the 300
photographs. Photographer Anton Harris,
having apprenticed at Maria Guerra Atelier
in Paris for seven years, contributed his own
unique insights to the Venice and Rome
assignments. In 1984 Mr. Anton Harris won
the Paris Exhibition Prize for his Design
Study photographic series, consisting of
three books.

PHOTO RETOUCHING
PAGE 2 OF 14

I n thi s le s s o n , y o u w i l l l ear n to d o th e f o ll o w i n g :

C h o o s e th e c o r re ct re s o l uti o n f or a s c a n n e d p h ot o g ra p h .

C r o p a n i m a g e t o fi n al s i z e.

A d j u st th e to n a l ra n g e o f a n i m a g e.

R e m o v e a c o l o r c a st fr o m a n i m a g e u s i n g a n a d j u st m e nt la y e r.

U s e th e R e p l a c e C o l o r c o m m a n d to c h a n g e th e h u e a n d s at urati o n o f a s e l e cte d c o l o r i n a
p h ot o g ra p h .

A d j u st th e s at u rati o n a n d b r i g ht n e s s o f i s o l ate d are a s o f a n i m a g e u s i n g th e s p o n g e a n d


d o d g e to o l s .

U s e th e r u b b er sta m p to o l t o eli m i n ate a n u n w a nte d o b j e ct fr o m a n i m a g e.

R e p l a c e p art s o f a n i m a g e w it h a n ot h er i m a g e .

A p p l y th e U n s h a r p M a s k filter to fi n i s h th e p h o t o - ret o u c h i n g p r o c e s s .

S a v e a n A d o b e P h ot o s h o p fil e i n a f or m at that c a n b e u s e d b y a p a g e l a y o ut p r o g r a m .

Strategy for retouching

I n P h ot o s h o p , y o u c a n ret o u c h p h ot o g ra p h i c i m a g e s i n w a y s o n c e l eft o n l y to h i g h l y trai n e d


p r o f e s s i o n a l s. Y o u c a n c o r re ct p r o b l e m s i n c o l o r q u a l it y a n d to n al ra n g e c r e ate d d u ri n g th e o r i g i n al
p h ot o g ra p h y o r d u r i n g th e i m a g e s s c a n . Y o u c a n al s o c o r re ct p r o b l e m s i n c o m p o s iti o n a n d s h ar p e n
th e o v e r all f o c u s o f th e i m a g e.

Basic steps

M o s t ret o u c h i n g i n P h ot o s h o p f o ll o w s th e s e g e n e ral ste p s :

C h e c k th e s c a n q u a lit y a n d m a k e s u r e that th e re s o l uti o n i s a p p r o p riate f o r h o w th e i m a g e w i l l


b e u s e d.

C r o p th e i m a g e to fi n al s i z e.

A d j u st th e o v e r all c o ntra st o r to n a l ra n g e o f th e i m a g e .

R e m o v e a n y c o l o r c a st s.

A d j u st th e c o l o r a n d to n e i n s p e c if i c p art s o f th e i m a g e to b ri n g o ut h i g h l i g ht s, m i dt o n e s , s h a d o w s ,
a n d d e s at urate d c o l o r s .

S h a r p e n th e o v e r all f o c u s o f th e i m a g e.
PHOTO RETOUCHING
PAGE 3 OF 14

Intended use

T h e ret o u c h i n g te c h n i q u e s y o u a p p l y to a n i m a g e d e p e n d i n p art o n h o w th e i m a g e w i l l b e u s e d .
W h e t h er a n i m a g e i s i nte n d e d f or b l a c k - a n d - w h it e p u b l i c ati o n o n n e w s p r i nt o r f o r f u l l-c o l o r
I nter n et d i stri b uti o n w i l l aff e ct e v er yt h i n g fr o m th e re s o l uti o n o f th e i n itial s c a n to th e ty p e o f to n al
ra n g e a n d c o l o r c o r re cti o n th e i m a g e re q u ir e s .
T o ill u strate o n e a p p li c ati o n o f ret o u c h i n g te c h n i q u e s , thi s l e s s o n ta k e s y o u thr o u g h th e st e p s o f
c o r r e cti n g a p h ot o g ra p h i nte n d e d f or f o u r-c o l o r p r i nt p u b l i c ati o n . T h e i m a g e i s a s c a n n e d p h o t o g r a p h
o f V e n i c e that w i l l b e p l a c e d i n a n A d o b e P a g e M a k e r la y o ut f o r a n A 4 - s i z e m a g a z i n e. T h e
o r i g i n a l s i z e o f th e p h ot o i s 5 i n c h e s x 7 i n c h e s a n d it s fi n al s i z e i n th e p r i nt l a y o ut w i l l b e 3. 7 5 i n c h e s
x 6 in c h e s.
Original image Image cropped and Image placed into page layout
retouched

Resolution and image size

T h e fir st ste p i n ret o u c h i n g a p h ot o g r a p h i n P h o t o s h o p i s t o m a k e s u r e that th e i m a g e i s th e c o r re ct


re s o l uti o n . T h e ter m
resolution
ref er s to th e n u m b e r o f s m a l l s q u ar e s k n o w n a s
pixels
that d e s c r i b e
a n i m a g e a n d e sta b li s h it s d etail. R e s o l uti o n i s d eter m i n e d b y
pixel dimensions
o r th e n u m b e r o f
p i x e l s al o n g th e w i d t h a n d h e i g ht o f a n i m a g e .
Pixels in photographic image
reserving an extensive body of
work assembled by a team of
photographers from 1991 to
1995, The Architecture of Italy CD-ROM
disc is a compilation of more than three
hundred sumptuous photographs. With crossreferenced
text provided for each photograph,
this collection can be used as a
resource for many endeavors. Much more
than a "digital coffee-table book, "you are
free to modify, rent, lease, distribute, or
create derivative works based upon the
original images found in this collection.
Included in this collection are St. Mark's
Cathedral in Venice; the Tower and Baptistry
at Pisa; the Colliseum, the Forum, the
Vatican, and highlights from the Vatican
Museum in Rome; the Duomo, the Medici
Palace, the Ponte Vecchio, and the Gates of
Heaven in Florence. More than 75 superb
architectural examples, which have received
little recognition, have also been included.
Gina Antonelli is known for her works on
Italian fine art, as well as several previous
photographic publications: "Italy's Best
Loved Gardens," the series "Italian Tradition
in Color and Form" (Dress; Cuisine; Architecture;
Pastimes), and two editions of the
book "Italian Traditional Patterns." In
addition to completing the Rome and Naples
photography assignment, photographer and
art historian Tomas Panini assembled and
edited the explanatory notes for the 300
photographs. Photographer Anton Harris,
having apprenticed at Maria Guerra Atelier
in Paris for seven years, contributed his own
unique insights to the Venice and Rome
assignments. In 1984 Mr. Anton Harris won
the Paris Exhibition Prize for his Design
Study photographic series, consisting of
three books.

PHOTO RETOUCHING
PAGE 4 OF 14

Types of resolution

I n c o m p ut er g r a p h i c s , th ere are d iff ere nt ty p e s o f re s o l uti o n :


T h e n u m b e r o f p i x e l s p er u n it o f le n gt h i n a n i m a g e i s c a l l e d th e
image resolution
, u s ually m e a s ured
i n p i x e l s p er i n c h ( p p i ). A n i m a g e w i t h a h i g h re s o l uti o n h a s m o r e p i x e l s , a n d th eref o r e a lar g e r fil e
s i z e, tha n a n i m a g e o f th e s a m e d i m e n s i o n s w it h a l o w re s o l uti o n .
T h e n u m b e r o f p i x e l s p er u n it o f le n gt h o n a m o n it o r i s th e
monitor resolution
, u s ually m e a s ured in
d ot s p er i n c h ( d p i ). I n A d o b e P h ot o s h o p , i m a g e p i x e l s are tra n s l ate d d ir e ctl y i nt o m o n it o r p i x e l s .
T h u s , if th e i m a g e re s o l uti o n i s h i g h er tha n th e m o n it o r re s o l uti o n , th e i m a g e a p p e ar s lar g e r o n
s c r e e n tha n it s s p e c if i e d p r i nt d i m e n s i o n s . F o r e x a m p l e, w h e n y o u d i s p l a y a 1 - i n c h - b y - 1 - i n c h ,
1 4 4 - p p i i m a g e o n a 7 2-d p i m o n it o r, th e i m a g e fill s a 2-i n c h - b y - 2-i n c h are a o f th e s c r e e n.
3.75 in. x 6 in. @ 72 ppi; 100% view on screen 3.75 in. x 6 in. @ 200 ppi; 100 % view on screen

file size 342K file size 2.48 MB

T h e n u m b e r o f i n k d ot s p e r i n c h p r o d u c e d b y a n i m a g e s etter o r la s e r p r i nter i s th e
printer
or
output
resolution
. H i g h e r re s o l uti o n p r i nter s c o m b i n e d w i t h h i g h e r re s o l uti o n i m a g e s g e n e ral l y p r o d u c e
th e b e st q u a lity. T h e a p p r o p riate re s o l uti o n f o r a p r i nte d i m a g e i s d eter m i n e d b o t h b y th e p ri nter
re s o l uti o n a n d b y th e
screen frequency
o r li n e s p er i n c h (l p i ) o f th e h a lft o n e s c r e e n s u s e d to
re pr o d u c e i m a g e s .

Resolution for this lesson

T o d eter m i n e th e i m a g e re s o l uti o n f or th e p h ot o g ra p h i n thi s l e s s o n , w e f o l l o w e d th e c o m p u t er


g r a p h i c s r u l e o f th u m b f or c o l o r o r g r a y s c a l e i m a g e s i nte n d e d f o r p ri nt o n lar g e c o m m e r c i a l
p r i nter s : S c a n at a re s o l uti o n 1 . 5 to 2 ti m e s th e s c r e e n fre q u e n c y u s e d b y th e p ri nte r. B e c a u s e th e
m a g a z i n e i n w h i c h th e i m a g e w i l l b e p r i nte d u s e s a s c r e e n fre q u e n c y o f 1 3 3 l p i, th e i m a g e w a s
s c a n n e d at 2 0 0 p p i ( 1 3 3 x 1 . 5 ).
Note:
For more information on resolution and image size, see Chapter 3, Getting Images Into
Photoshop, in the
A d o b e P h ot o s h o p U s e r G u i d e
.
PHOTO RETOUCHING
PAGE 5 OF 14

Getting started

B e f o r e b e g i n n i n g thi s l e s s o n , d e l ete th e A d o b e P h o t o s h o p P r e f ere n c e s fil e to re st o r e th e p r o g r a m s


d e f a u lt s etti n g s . T o d e l ete th e P r ef er e n c e s file i n W i n d o w s, e x it P h o t o s h o p , a n d th e n d e l ete th e
A d o b e P h ot o s h o p 5 P r ef s file i n th e A d o b e P h o t o s h o p S e tti n g s s u b d ir e ct or y i n s i d e th e P h o t o s h o p 5
d ire ct or y. T o d e l ete th e P r ef er e n c e s file i n M a c O S , q u it P h o t o s h o p , l o c ate th e A d o b e P h o t o s h o p 5
P r ef s fil e i n th e A d o b e P h ot o s h o p S etti n g s f o l d e r i n s i d e th e A d o b e P h o t o s h o p 5 . 0 f o l d e r, d ra g th e
file t o th e T r a s h , a n d c h o o s e S p e c i al >E m p t y T r a s h .
A f t er y o u h a v e d e l ete d th e P r ef ere n c e s file, re start th e P h o t o s h o p p r o g r a m . T h e n o p e n th e fi n al
i m a g e to s e e h o w th e a d j u st m e nt s y o u l l m a k e aff e ct th e fi n al art w o r k.
1

C h o o s e F i l e >O p e n . L o c ate a n d o p e n th e T r a i n i n g\ L e s s o n 0 3 f o l d e r i n th e A d o b e P h o t o s h o p 5 . 0
a p p li c ati o n f o l d er o r o n th e tut orial C D . T h e n s e l e ct E n d 0 3. p s d a n d c l i c k O p e n .
2

If y o u li k e, c h o o s e V i e w >Z o o m O u t to m a k e th e i m a g e s m a l l e r, a n d l e a v e it o n y o u r s c r e e n a s
y o u w o r k. If y o u d o n t w a nt to l ea v e th e i m a g e o p e n , c h o o s e F i l e >C l o s e .
N o w o p e n th e start fil e to v i e w th e p h ot o g ra p h y o u w i l l b e ret o u c h i n g . ( A lt h o u g h th e p h o t o g r a p h
f or thi s le s s o n w a s o r i g i n a ll y s c a n n e d at 2 0 0 d p i a s d e s c ri b e d a b o v e , th e fil e i n w h i c h y o u w i l l b e
w o r k i n g i s a ct u a ll y a l o w - re s o l uti o n fil e. T h e re s o l uti o n w a s c h a n g e d to l i m it th e fil e s i z e a n d to
m a k e w o r k o n th e e x er c i s e s m o r e effi c i e nt.)
3

C h o o s e F i l e >O p e n . L o c ate a n d o p e n th e L e s s o n 0 3 f o l d e r, s e l e ct S t art0 3. p s d , a n d c l i c k O p e n .


4

C h o o s e F i l e >S a v e A s , ty p e th e n a m e Work03.psd
, a n d c l i c k S a v e.