Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 150

# MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

GENERAL ENGINEERING
AND APPLIED SCIENCES
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

THERMODYNAMICS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. Thermodynamics is the study of heat and its transformation which stems from Greek
words meaning _________.
a. transformation of heat
b. transformation of energy
c. movement of heat
d. movement of matter
2. What is the Si unit for temperature?
a. Kelvin
b. Celsius
c. Fahrenheit
d. Rankine
3. The energy that flows from higher temperature object to a lower temperature object
because of the difference in temperature is called
a. heat
b. temperature
c. thermodynamics cycle
d. energy flow
4. The amount of heat energy per kilogram that must be added or removed when a
substance changes from one phase to another.
a. specific heat
b. heat of expansion
c. latent heat
d. useful heat
5. The change in physical size of a substance when its temperature changes.
a. intensive property
b. extensive property
c. volume expansion
d. thermal expansion
6. A stress which develops within an object when it attempts to expand or contract in
response to a temperature changes, but cannot, due to being held rigidly in place.
a. elongation
b. thermal stress
c. expansion contraction
d. thermal expansion

## 7. The energy associated with individual molecules in a gas, liquid or solid.

a. Specific Energy
b. Molecular Energy
c. Internal Energy
d. Phase Energy
8. The heat Q per unit mass per degree change in temperature that must be supplied or
removed to change the temperature of a substance.
a. Specific Heat Capacity
b. Latent Heat
c. Heat of Transformation
d. Internal Heat
9. The pressure of the vapor phase of a substance that is in equilibrium with the liquid or
solid phase.
a. Phase Pressure
b. Equilibrium Vapor Pressure
c. Specific Pressure
d. Equilibrium Phase Pressure
10. Vapor pressure depends only on _________.
a. pressure
b. force
c. volume
d. temperature
11. A plot of pressure vs. temperature for a given substance showing the various phases
possible for that particular substance.
a. Phase diagram
b. P-T diagram
c. Wein Diagram
d. Histogram
12. _________ is the grand total of all energies inside a substance.
a. Internal Energy
b. Grand Energy
c. Atomic Energy
d. Elemental Energy

13. The _________ is defined as the amount of heat required to change the temperature of 1
gram of water by 1 Celsius degree.
a. specific heat
b. latent heat
c. Joule
d. calorie
14. _________ is a measure of the average kinetic energy per molecule in a substance.
a. movement
b. temperature
c. heat
d. mass
15. _________ the very small KE still present in molecules at absolute zero temperature.
a. internal KE
b. Atomic kinetic energy
c. Zero-Point Energy
d. Subliminal Energy
16. Convert the change of temperature from 20C to 30C to Kelvin scale.
a. 10 K
b. 293 K
c. 303 K
d. 273 K
17. _________ is a thermodynamic potential which measures the useful work obtainable
from a closed thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and volume.
a. useful work
b. energy consumed
c. Helmholtz free energy
d. Kinetic Energy
18. How much will the length of a 1.0 km section of concrete highway change if the
temperature varies from -15C in winter to 41C in summer?
a. 0.67 m
b. 2.2 m
c. 3.1 m
d. 0.47 m

19. Two 12 ft sections of aluminium siding are placed end to end on the outside wall of
house. How large a gap should be left between the pieces to prevent buckling if the
temperature can change by 55C?
a. 0.21 m
b. 0.18 m
c. 0.31 in
d. 0.18 in
20. What is the amount of radiant energy received each second over each square meter that is
at right angles to the suns rays at the top of the atmosphere?
a. 1400 J
b. 6000 J
c. 10000 J
d. 800 J
21. _________ is a thermodynamic potential that measures the useful or process-initiating
work obtainable from an isothermal, isobaric thermodynamic system.
a. Du-Pont Potential
b. Gibbs free energy
c. Rabz-Eccles Energy
d. Claussius Energy
22. All the energy we consume ultimately becomes _________.
a. heat
b. depleted
c. exhausted
d. work
23. _________is the partial pressure of water vapor at the existing temperature divided by the
equilibrium vapor pressure of water at the existing temperature.
a. vacuum pressure
b. relative humidity
c. absolute pressure
d. vapor pressure
24. _________ is the transition of a given substance from the solid to the gas phase with no
intermediate liquid stage.
a. Convection
b. Conduction

d. Sublimation
25. A process in which heat energy is transferred by the flow of fluid.
a. Convection
b. Conduction
d. Sublimation
26. In order to use a substance to make a thermometer the substance must _________ with a
temperature change.
a. expand
b. contract
c. change
d. increase
27. For most solids, the coefficient of volume expansion is _________ the coefficient of
linear expansion.
a. unrelated to
b. proportional to
c. twice
d. three times
28. The volume of a given amount of water _________ as the temperature decreases from
4C to 0C.
a. decreases
b. increases
c. remains constant
d. none of the above
29. The gas in a constant gas thermometer cooled to absolute zero would have _________.
a. no volume
b. no pressure
c. zero temperature at all scales
d. none of the above
30. On a day when the partial pressure of water vapor remains constant, what happens as the
temperature rises?
a. the relative humidity increases
b. the relative humidity decreases
c. the relative humidity remains constant

## d. the air would eventually become saturated

31. The flow of a fluid when heat is transferred by convection.
a. placidity
b. mass flow
c. convection current
d. heat transfer
32. An idealized perfect absorber and perfect emitter of radiation.
a. elastic material
b. transponder material
c. Teflon
d. blackbody
33. A process by which heat is transferred through a material without a bulk movement of the
material.
a. Convection
b. Conduction
d. Emission
34. Is the amount of a substance that contains Avogadros number of atoms/molecules.
a. mass
b. matter
c. gram-mole
d. volume
35. The distribution of particle speeds in an ideal gas at a given temperature.
a. velocity of propagation
b. escape velocity
c. Maxwell speed Distribution
d. terminal velocity
36. A convection process in which an external device, such as a fan, is used to produce the
fluid flow.
a. Forced Convection
b. External Convection
c. Placid Convection
d. Thermionic Convection

37. A _________ is a quantity whose value at any state is independent of the path or process
used to reach that state.
a. cycle
b. path function
c. point function
d. process
38. A _________ is a quantity whose value depends on the path followed during a particular
change in state.
a. path function
b. point function
c. process
d. cycle
39. The contact surface shared by both the system and the surroundings is called _________.
a. wall
b. boundary
c. interface
d. intersection
40. A closed system is also known as _________.
a. isolated system
b. closed container
c. control mass
d. control volume
41. Open system is also known as _________.
a. isolated system
b. closed container
c. control mass
d. control volume
42. Liquid hydrogen boils at 17K. What is the temperature in degrees Celsius?
a. 290
b. 63
c. -120
d. -256
43. When a solid melts,
a. the temperature of the substance increases.

## b. the temperature of the substance decreases.

c. heat leaves the substance.
d. heat enters the substance.
44. How many kilocalories of heat are required to heat 750 g of water from 35C to 55C.
a. 15
b. 1500
c. 1.5 x 10^4
d. 6.3 x 10^4
45. Which of the following does not determine the amount of internal energy an object has?
a. temperature
b. amount of material
c. type of material
d. shape of the object
46. Which of the following have the highest thermal conductivities?
a. liquids
b. gases
c. metals
d. solids other than metals
47. Identical objects of four different materials are heated to the same high temperature.
Which of the following would least likely burn your hand if touched?
a. aluminium
b. brass
c. glass
d. concrete
48. As we heat a gas at constant pressure, its volume
a. increases
b. decreases
c. stays the same
d. none of the above
49. The volume of an ideal gas is directly proportional to its
a. pressure
b. Celsius temperature
c. Kelvin temperature
d. Fahrenheit temperature

50. An ideal gas is maintained at constant temperature. If the pressure on the gas is doubled,
the volume is
a. increased fourfold
b. doubled
c. reduced by half
d. decreased by a quarter
51. If the Kelvin temperature of an ideal gas is doubled, what happens to the rms speed of the
molecules in the gas?
a. it increases by a factor of square root of 2
b. it increases by a factor of 2
c. it increases by factor of 4
d. none of the above
52. A function of state that is associated with disorder in the system and environment.
a. enthalpy
b. entropy
c. law of diminishing return
d. Lenz Law
53. No volume changes occur during this type of process
a. Isobaric process
b. Isomillimetric process
c. Isocaloric process
d. Isochoric process
54. The boiling of water into steam in an open container is an example of a/an _________
process.
b. isochoric
c. isobaric
d. zero work
55. When liquid water is converted to steam at 100C, the entropy of water
a. increases
b. decreases
c. remains the same
d. none of the above
56. Only energy can cross the boundaries.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Closed system
Open system
Isolated system
Isoenergetic system

57. The temperature at which the vapor pressure exactly equals one atm is called _________.
a. boiling temperature
b. normal boiling point
c. triple point
d. point of infliction
58. Mixture of liquid and steam of the same substance in which both are at saturation
temperature.
a. dry steam
b. current steam
c. wet steam
d. aerosol
59. The term _________ is traditionally used to describe steam issuing from condensate
receiver vents and open-ended condensate discharge lines from steam traps.
a. dry steam
b. wet steam
c. phase steam
d. flash steam
60. Defined as the ratio of weight of dry steam to the weight of stuff.
a. dryness fraction
b. Vaporization
c. fusion
d. super heated steam
61. What device measures infrared radiation below?
a. thermocouple
b. thermopile
c. thermodynamic device
d. thermos
62. When an object undergoes thermal expansion,
a. any holes in the object expand as well
b. any holes in the object remain the same

c. mass increases
d. molecular activities would cease
63. _________ is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water
1 F from 63 F to 64 F.
a. one Joule
b. one calorie
c. one watt
d. one BTU
64. Boiling temperature of a material is dependent on its _________.
a. volume
b. power
c. heat
d. pressure
65. Thermos was invented by _________.
a. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
b. Sir Fredrich the Great
c. Thomas Edison
d. Sir James Dewar
66. Most cooking activities involve _________ process.
a. Isochoric
b. Isothermal
c. Isobaric
d. Isovolumic
respectively.
a. raising the temp and lowering the temp
b. maintaining the pressure and changing the temperature
c. decreasing the volume and increasing the pressure
d. lowering the temp and raising the temp
68. The statement heat cannot by itself flow from one body into a hotter body is governed
by _________.
a. the first law of thermodynamics
b. the second law of thermodynamics
c. the third law of thermodynamics

## d. the zeroth law of thermodynamics

69. It is impossible for any process to have as its sole result the transfer of heat from a cooler
to a hotter body
a. Carnots statement
b. Clausius statement
c. Rankine statement
d. Gauss statement
70. _________ is the average distance a molecule moves before colliding with another
molecule.
a. mean free path
b. path allowance
c. compacting factor
d. molecular space
71. Find the pressure due to a column of mercury 74.0 cm high.
a. 91.80 x 10^3 N/m^2
b. 73.56 x 10^2 N/m^2
c. 9.86 x 10^4 N/m^2
d. 87.2 x 10^4 N/m^2
72. Roughly what is the total weight of air in the entire earth?
a. 1 x 10^5 tons
b. 2 x 10^6 tons
c. 6 x 10^15 tons
d. 8 x 10^10 tons
73. _________ is defined as that equivalent to the pressure due to a column of mercury 76cm
long.
a. surface pressure
b. gage pressure
c. standard atmospheric pressure
d. isobaric pressure
74. If any external pressure is applied to a confined fluid, the pressure will be increased at
every point in the fluid by the amount of the external pressure is known as _________.
a. Torricellis law
b. Barometric law
c. Newtons Second law

d. Pascals law
75. What type of pressure cannot be used for Boyles Law?
a. Atmospheric Pressure
b. Gauge Pressure
c. Surface Pressure
d. Isobaric Pressure
76. To displace a cubic foot of fresh water, you need _________ force.
a. 62.4 lb
b. 9.81 lb
c. 76 lb
d. 760 lb
77. The force per unit length across such a line in the surface is called _________.
a. force per length
b. surface tension
c. Pressure
d. Density
78. The speed at which a liquid escapes from a vessel through an orifice is given by
_________.
a. Archimedes Principle
b. Evangelistas Law
c. Torricellis Theorem
d. Bernoullis Equation
79. The process of one substance mixing with another because of molecular motion is called
_________.
a. diffusion
b. viscosity
c. streamline flow
d. solution
80. When was the Ninth General Conference on Weights and Measures decided to abandon
a. 1950
b. 1936
c. 1957
d. 1948

81. _________ is the temperature to which the air must be cooled, at constant pressure, to
produce saturation.
a. relative humidity
b. triple point temperature
c. dew point
d. critical point
82. _________ is a succession of changes that ends with the return of the body or system to
its initial state.
a. process
b. system
c. equilibrium
d. cycle
83. Intensive properties of a system are called _________.
a. Bulk Properties
b. Innate Properties
c. Natural Properties
d. Inside Properties
84. In thermodynamics, a throttling process, also called a _________, is a type of isenthalpic
process where a liquid or gas is cooled as it passes from a higher pressure state to a lower
pressure state.
a. Rankine Process
b. Carnot Cycle
c. Joule-Thomson process
d. Refrigeration process
85. Gasoline and Diesel Engines are best described by the _________.
a. Otto Cycle
b. Burnign Cycle
c. Shikki Cycle
d. Shapa R Elli Cycle
86. Twenty grams of ice at 0C melts to water at 0C. How much does the entropy of the 20g
change in this process?
a. 30.5 J/K
b. 24.6 J/K
c. 21.3 J/K
d. 15.7 J/K

87. The first law of thermodynamics is based on which of the following principles?
a. conservation of mass
b. the enthalpy-entropy relationship
c. action reaction
d. conservation of energy
88. If a system absorbs 500 cal of heat at the same time does 400J of work, find the change in
internal energy of the system.
a. 1400 J
b. 1700 J
c. 1900 J
d. 1500 J
89. A gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a weighted piston as the top boundary. The gas is
heated and expands from a volume of 0.04 m3 to 0.10 m3 at a constant pressure of 200
kPa. Find the work done on the system.
a. 5 kJ
b. 15 kJ
c. 10 kJ
d. 12 kJ
90. A simple steam engine receives steam from the boiler at 180C and exhausts directly into
the air at 100C. What is the upper limit of its efficiency?
a. 11.28 %
b. 36.77 %
c. 20.36 %
d. 17.66 %
91. Heat which causes a change in temperature of a substance.
a. Latent heat
b. Sensible heat
c. Specific heat
d. Heat of Fusion
92. Who coined the term latent heat?
a. John Thompson
b. Studey Baker
c. Joe di Maggio
d. Joseph Black

## 93. Which of the following cannot be measured by a thermometer?

a. Latent Heat
b. Sensible Heat
c. Specific Heat
d. Heat of Fusion
94. It is generally accepted as a law of nature that although one may closely approach 0
Kelvin it is impossible actually to reach it.
a. First Law of thermodynamics
b. Second Law of thermodynamics
c. Third Law of thermodynamics
d. Zeroth Law of thermodynamics
95. One calorie is equal to _________.
a. 1/180 W.h
b. 1/860 W.h
c. 1/360 W.h
d. 1/250 W.h
96. A _________ is a reversible process in which there is transfer of heat and takes place
according to the relation pV^n=C where n is any constant.
a. Polytropic process
b. Entropy
c. Ideal Gas Law
d. Carnot Cycle
97. The flow through an open system is _________ if all properties at each point within the
system remain constant with respect to time.
a. streamline flow
c. constant flow
d. algebraic flow
98. The most efficient cycle that can operate between two constant temperature reservoir is
the _________.
a. Otto Cycle
b. Lazare Cycle
c. Isothermal Cycle
d. Carnot Cycle

99. The flow energy of 150 L of a fluid passing a boundary to a system is 110 kJ. Determine
the pressure at this point
a. 733.33 kPa
b. 833.33 kPa
c. 933.33 kPa
d. 633.33 kPa

## 100. Who is the father of thermodynamics?

a. Lazare Carnot
c. William Thompson
d. Rudolf Classius

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

CHEMISTRY
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. An instrument that separates particles of different isotopic composition and measure their
individual relative masses.
A. mass spectrometer
B. barometer
C. hygrometer
D. hydrometer
2. These are compounds containing water molecules loosely bound to the other components.
A. isotope
B. hydrates
C. ion
D. mixture
3. If a more active element replaces a less active one in a compound, the reaction is:
A. combustion reactions
B. replacement reactions
C. metathesis
D. neutralization
4. If a single reactant is transformed by heat or electricity into two or more products, the type of
reaction is
A. decomposition
B. combination
C. displacement
D. double displacement
5. The numerical value for standard pressure of any gas is
A. 76 mm Hg
B. 760 cm Hg
C. 760 mm Hg
D. 7.6 cm Hg
6. Any process extracting the metal in a fused state is called

A. Calcination
B. Roasting
C. Smelting
D. Froth flotation process
7. Which of the following does not change with change in temperature?
A. volume
B. mass
C. pressure
D. density
8. A device used to measure density.
A. manometer
B. hydrometer
C. spectrometer
D. densimeter
9. The statement mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction is known as:
A. The law of conservation of mass
B. The law of constant composition
C. The law of multiple proportions
D. The law of chemical reaction
10. What kind of chemical bond will form in binary compounds where the electronegativity
difference between atoms is greater than 2.0
A. Ionic Bond
B. Covalent Bond
C. Metallic Bond
D. Chemical Bond
11. What kind of chemical bond will form in binary compounds where the electronegativity
difference between atoms is less than 1.5?
A. Covalent Bond

B. Ionic Bond
C. Metallic Bond
D. Chemical Bond
12. The element which has a mass of about 9 amu is Berylium (Be), atomic number 4. What is
the charge on the Be atom?
A. +4
B. +8
C. -4
D. Neutral
13. The horizontal arrangement of elements of increasing atomic number in a Periodic table is
called:
A. period
B. group
C. family
D. row
14. Compounds which contain only carbon and hydrogen are called
A. polymorphs
B. hydrocarbons
C. polycarbon
D. plastics
15. The property of liquid which describes their resistance to flow is called
A. viscosity
B. elasticity
C. glueyness
D. stickiness
16. In oxidation-reduction or redox reactions the component receiving the electrons is called
A. reductant
B. reducing agent

C. oxidant
D. acceptor
17. The mass that enters into a chemical reaction remains the unchanged as a result of the
reaction. In precise form: mass is neither created nor destroyed. This is known as:
A. the law of conservation of mass
B. the law of definite proportion
C. the law of multiple proportion
D. law of conservation of energy
18. When the same elements can form two different two compounds, the ratio of masses of one
of the elements in the two compounds is a small whole number relative to a given mass of the
other element. This is known as:
A. The law of constant composition
B. The law of conservation of mass
C. The law of multiple proportion
D. The law of conservation of energy
19. The ratio of density of the test liquid to the density of a reference Liquid is called:
A. specific gravity
B. relative gravity
C. specific weight
D. relative weight
20. How many electrons are there in a covalent bond?
A. 3
B. 2
C. 4
D. 8
21. The SI unit of temperature is
A. Fahrenheit
B. Kelvin

C. Celsius
D. Rankine
22. The elements that a compound is composed of are present in fixed and precise proportion by
mass. This is known as:
A. the law of constant composition
B. the law of conservation of mass
C. the law of multiple proportion
D. law of conservation of energy
23. The mass to the nearest atomic-mass unit of an atom which contains 9 protons and 10
neutrons.
A. 10 amu
B. 19 amu
C. 15 amu
D. 21 amu
24. The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom is called
A. atomic number
B. percent abundance
C. atomic weight
D. oxidation number
25. The measure of the resistance of an object to a changed in its state of Motion is called
A. momentum
B. mass
C. inertia
D. velocity
26. Refers to the agreement of a particular value with the true value.
A. precision
B. error
C. tolerance

D. accuracy
27. Refers to the degree of arrangement among several measurements of the same quantity.
A. accuracy
B. precision
C. error
D. margin
28. A property of matter that is often used by chemist as an identification tag for a substance.
A. mass
B. molarity
C. density
D. volume
29. Protons and neutrons can be broken down further into elementary particles called
A. quarks
B. ions
C. isotope
D. warks
30. The principle of the constant composition of compounds, originally called Prousts Law is
now known as
A. The law of multiple proportion
B. The law of definite proportion
C. The law of conservation of mass
D. The law of compounds
31. The mass of an alpha a particle is how many times more than that of the Electron?
A. 1837 times
B. 7300 times
C. 1829 times
D. 1567 times
32. Atoms with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons are called

A. ions
B. quarks
C. isotopes
D. compounds
33. The forces that hold atoms together are called
A. mechanical bond
B. formula bond
C. atomic bind
D. chemical bond
34. An atom or group of atoms that has a net positive or negative charge is called
A. ion
B. isotope
C. positron
D. polymer
35. A positive ion is called
A. positron
B. anion
C. cation
D. quark
36. A negative ion is called
A. positron
B. anion
C. cation
D. quark
37. The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions is called
A. ionic bonding
B. covalent bonding

C. polar bonding
D. metallic bonding
38. The horizontal arrangement of elements of increasing atomic in a periodic table is called
A. group
B. period
C. series
D. row
39. The vertical arrangement of elements in the periodic table is called
A. period
B. group
C. series
D. column
40. If the number of gas molecule is doubled in a certain volume of a gas the pressure
A. is decreased to half
B. is doubled
C. is increased to four times
D. remains unchanged
41. A symbolic representation to emphasize the valence shell of an atom is called
A. argand diagram
B. constellation diagram
C. electron dot diagram
D. structural formula
42. For which elements do the number of electrons in their outer or valence shell correspond to
their group number?
A. transition group
B. noble gas
C. representative or main group
D. metals

43. What is the maximum number of electrons that can fit into a p orbital?
A. 2
B. 4
C. 6
D. 8
44. Atoms or ions which have the same electronic configuration
A. isoelectronic
B. isometric
C. iso-ionic
D. isotope
45. Which group of the periodic table is known as the alkali metals?
A. Group 1
B. Group 2
C. Group 3
D. Group 4
46. Which group of the periodic table is known as the halogens?
A. Group 4
B. Group 5
C. Group 6
D. Group 7

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

ENGINEERING
ECONOMICS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## 1. It is defined to be the capacity of a commodity to satisfy human want

A.
B.
C.
D.

Necessity
Utility
Luxuries
Discount

2. It is the stock that has prior to dividends. It usually does not bring voting right to the
owners and the dividend is fixed and cannot be higher than the specified amount.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Common stock
Voting stock
Pretend stock
Non par value stock

3. It is an amount which a willing buyer will pay to a willing seller for the property where
each has equal advantage and is under no compulsion to buy or sell.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Book value
Market value
Use value
Fair value

4. ____ is the loss of value of the equipment with use over a period of time. It could mean a
difference in value between a new asset and the use asset currently in a service.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Loss
Depreciation
Extracted
Gain

5. An economic condition in which there are so few suppliers of a particular product that
one suppliers actions significantly affect prices and supply.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Oligopoly
Monopsony
Monopoly
Perfect competition

6. A market whereby there is only one buyer of an item for when there are no goods
substitute.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Monosony
Monopoly
Oligopoly
Oligopsony

## 7. It is the worth of a property as recorded in the book of an enterprise.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Salvage value
Price
Book value
Scrap value

8. Reduction in the level of nation income and output usually accompanied by a fall in the
general price level.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Devaluation
Deflation
Inflation
Depreciation

## 9. A formal organization of producers within industry forming a perfect collusion purposely

formed to increase profit and block new comers from the industry.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Cartel
Monopoly
Corporation
Competitors

10. A market situation where there is only one seller with many buyer.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Monopoly
Monophony
Oligopoly
Perfect competition

## 11. A market situation where there is one seller and buyer.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Bilateral monopoly
Monopoly
Oligopoly
Bilateral Monopoly

12. Reduction in the level of national income and output usually accompanied by a fall in the
general price level.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Deflation
Inflation
Devaluation
Depreciation

A.
B.
C.
D.

Annuity
Amortization
Depreciation
Bonds

A.
B.
C.
D.

Interest
Amortization
Annuity
Bonds

A.
B.
C.
D.

Maker
Store
Bargain center
Port

## 16. The value of the stock as stated on the stocks certificate

A.
B.
C.
D.

Stock value
Par value
Interest
Maturity value

17. A market situation in which two competing buyers exert controlling influence over many
sellers.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Bilateral monopoly
Oligopoly
Duopsony
Duopoly

18. A market situation in which two powerful groups or organizations dominate commerce in
A.
B.
C.
D.

Oligopoly
Duopoly
Duopsony
duopoly

19. The type of annuity where the first payment is made after several periods, after the
beginning of the payment.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Perpetuity
Ordinary annuity
Annuity due
Deferred annuity

20. The condition in which the total income equals the total operating expenses.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Tally
Par value
Check and balance
Break even

21. The amount which has been spent or capital invested which for some reasons cannot be
retrieved.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Sunk cost
Fixed costs
Depletion cost
Construction cost

## 22. An obligation with no condition attach is called

A.
B.
C.
D.

Personal
Gratuitous
Concealed
Private

23. The sum of all the costs necessary to prepare a construction project for operation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Operation costs
Construction cost
Depletion cost
Production cost

24. The amount received from the sale of an addition unit of a product.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Marginal cost
Marginal revenue
Extra profit
Prime cost

25. The amount that the property would give if sold for junk.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Junk value
Salvage value
Scrap value
Book value

26. The worth of the property which is equal to the original cost less the amount which has
been charged to depreciation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Scrap value
Salvage value
Book value
Market value

27. The sum of the direct labor cost incurred in the factory and the direct material cost of all
materials that go into production is called
A. Net cost

B. Maintenance cost
C. Prime cost
D. Operating cost
28. The difference between the present value and the worth of money at some time in the
future is called
A.
B.
C.
D.

Market value
Net value
Discount
Interest

## 29. The addition cost of producing one more unit is

A.
B.
C.
D.

Prime cost
Marginal cost
Differential cost
Sunk cost

30. A written contract by a debtor to pay final redemption value on an indicated date or
maturity date and pay a certain sum periodically.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Annuity
Bond
Amortization
Collateral

## 31. Estimated value of the property at the useful life.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Market value
Fair value
Salvage value
Book value

32. Determination of the actual quantity of the materials on hand as of a given date.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Physical inventory
Counting principle
Stock assessment
Periodic material update

33. This consists of a cash and account receivable during the next period or any other
material which will be sold.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Fixed assets
Deferred charges
Current asset
Liability

34. A wrong act that causes injury to a person or property and for which allows a claim by
the injured party to recover damages.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Fraud
Tort
Libel
Scam

## 35. A series of uniform payment over an infinite period of time

A.
B.
C.
D.

Depletion
Capitalized cost
Perpetuity
Inflation

36. These are products or services that are required to support human life and activities that
will be purchased in somewhat the same quantity event though the price varies
considerably.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Commodities
Necessities
Demands
Luxury

37. The quantity of a certain commodity that is offered for sale at a certain price at a given
place and time.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Utility
Supply
Stocks
Goods

## 38. It is sometimes called the second hand value

A.
B.
C.
D.

Scrap value
Salvage value
Book value
Par value

39. Decreases in the value of a physical property due to the passage of time.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Deflation
Depletion
Declination
Depreciation

40. An association of two or more individuals for the purpose of engaging business for profit.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Single proprietorship
Party
Corporation
Partnership

41. The simplest form of business organization where in the business is own entirely by one
person.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Partnership
Proprietorship
Corporation
Joint venture

A.
B.
C.
D.

Dummy person
Minors
Demented persons
Convict

## 43. It is defined as the capacity of a commodity to satisfy human want.

A. Satisfaction

B. Luxury
C. Necessity
D. Utility
44. This occurs in a situation where a commodity or service is supplied by a number of
vendors and there is nothing to prevent additional vendors entering the market.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Perfect competition
Monophony
Monopoly
Cartel

45. These are products or services that are desired by human and will be purchased if money
is available after the required necessities have been obtained.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Commodities
Necessities
Luxuries
Supplies

## 46. Grand total of the assets and operational capability of a corporation.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Authorized capital
Paid off capital
Subscribed capital
Investment

## 47. It is where the original record of a business transaction is recorded.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Ledger
Journal
Logbook

48. The length of time which the property may be operated at a profit.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Life span
Economic life
Operating life
Profitable life

49. The right and privilege granted to an individual or corporation to do business in a certain
region.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Permit
Royalty
Franchise

A.
B.
C.
D.

Fair value
Par value
Market value
Book value

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

ENGINEERING
MANAGEMENT
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. Defined as the creative problem solving process of planning, organizing, leading, and
controlling an organizations resources to achieve its mission and objectives.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Management
Planning
Organizing
Supervision

2. Refers to the activity combining technical knowledge with the ability to organize and
coordinate worker power, materials, machinery, and money.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Engineering Management
Engineering Materials
Engineering Organization
Engineering Club

## 3. The following are considered as functions of an engineer except

A.
B.
C.
D.

Testing
Construction
Sales
Physical Education

4. A function of an engineer where the engineer is engaged in the process of learning about
nature and codifying this knowledge into usable theories.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Research
Design and Development
Testing
Manufacturing

5. A function of an engineer where the engineer undertakes the activity of turning a product
concept to a finished physical term.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Research
Manufacturing
Testing
Design and Development

6. A function of an engineer where the engineer works in a unit where new products or parts
are tested for workability.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Research
Design and Development
Testing
Manufacturing

## 7. A function of an engineer where the engineer is directly in charge of production

personnel or assumes responsibility for the product.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Research
Design and Development
Testing
Manufacturing

## 8. A function of an engineer where the engineer is either directly in charge of the

construction personnel or may have responsibility for the quality of the construction
process.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Construction
Sales
Consulting
Government

9. A function of an engineer where the engineer assists the companys customers to meet
their needs, especially those that require technical expertise.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Construction
Government
Consulting
Sales

10. A function of an engineer where the engineer works as consultant of any individual or
organization requiring his services.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Construction
Sales
Consulting
Government

11. A function of an engineer where the engineer may find employment in the government
performing any of the various tasks in regulating, monitoring, and controlling the
activities of various institutions, public or private.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Construction
Sales
Government
Consulting

12. A function of an engineer where the engineer gets employment in a school and is
assigned as a teacher of engineering courses.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Teaching
Government
Management
Consulting

13. A function of an engineer where the engineer is assigned to manage groups of people
A.
B.
C.
D.

Teaching
Government
Management
Consulting

14. Defined as the process of identifying and choosing alternative courses of action in a
manner appropriate to the demands of the situation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Decision Making
Engineering Management
Initiative
Problem solving

## 15. The first step in Decision making process is to

A.
B.
C.
D.

Analyze environment
Diagnose problem
Make a choice
Articulate problem or opportunity

## 16. The last step in decision making process is to

A.
B.
C.
D.

Analyze environment
Make a choice
Diagnose problem

## 17. Refers to evaluation of alternatives using intuition and subjective judgment.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Quantitative evaluation
Qualitative evaluation
Relative evaluation
Subjective evaluation

18. Refers to evaluation of alternatives using any technique in a group classified as rational
and analytical.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Quantitative evaluation
Qualitative evaluation
Relative evaluation
Subjective evaluation

19. Refers to the management function that involves anticipating future trends and
determining the best strategies and tactics to achieve organizational objectives.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Management
Planning
Organizing
Supervision

20. Refers to the process of determining the major goals of the organization and the policies
and strategies for obtaining and using resources to achieve those goals.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

21. The top management of any firm is involved in this type of planning.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

22. Refers to the process of determining the contributions that subunits can make with
allocated resources.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

## 23. This type of planning is undertaken by middle management.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

24. Refers to the process of determining how specific tasks can best be accomplished on time
with available resources.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

## 25. This type of planning is a responsibility of lower management.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Operational Planning
Intermediate Planning
Strategic planning
Secondary Planning

26. This is the written document or blueprint for implementing and controlling an
organizations marketing activities related to particular marketing strategy.
A. Marketing Plan

B. Financial Plan
C. Production Plan
D. Short-range plans
27. This is a written document that states the quantity of output a company must produce in
broad terms and by product family.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Marketing Plan
Financial Plan
Production Plan
Short-range plans

28. It is a document that summarizes the current financial situation of the firm, analyzes
financial needs, and recommends a direction for financial activities.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Marketing Plan
Financial Plan
Production Plan
Short-range plans

29. It is a document that indicates the human resource needs of a company detailed in terms
of quantity and quality and based on the requirements of the companys strategic plan.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Marketing Plan
Financial Plan
Production Plan
Human Resource Management Plan

30. These are plans intended to cover a period of less than one year. First-line supervisors are
mostly concerned with these planes.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Short-range plans
Long-range plans
Standing Plans
Single-Use Plans

31. These are plans covering a time span of more than one year. These are mostly undertaken
by middle and top management.
A. Short-range plans

B. Long-range plans
C. Standing Plans
D. Single-Use Plans
32. Plans that are used again and again and they focus on managerial situations that recur
repeatedly.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Short-range plans
Long-range plans
Standing Plans
Single-Use Plans

33. These are broad guidelines to aid managers at every level in making decisions about
recurring situations or function.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Policies
Procedures
Guidelines
Rules

34. These are plans that describe the exact series of actions to be taken in a given situation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Policies
Procedures
Guidelines
Rules

35. These are statements that either require or forbid a certain action.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Policies
Procedures
Guidelines
Rules

36. Specifically developed to implement courses of action that are relatively unique and are
unlikely to be repeated.
A. Short-range plans
B. Long-range plans
C. Standing Plans

D. Single-Use Plans
37. A plan which sets forth the projected expenditure for a certain activity and explains
where the required funds will come from.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Project
Budget
Program
Financial Statement

## 38. A plan designed to coordinate a large set of activities.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Project
Budget
Program
Financial Statement

39. A plan that is usually more limited in scope than a program and is sometimes prepared to
support a program.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Project
Budget
Program
Financial Statement

40. A management function which refers to the structuring of resources and activities to
accomplish objectives in an efficient and effective manner.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Organizing
Planning
Supervising
Structure

A.
B.
C.
D.

Organizing
Planning
Supervising
Structure

## 42. This is a form of departmentalization in which everyone engaged in one functional

activity, such as engineering or marketing, is grouped into one unit.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Functional Organization
Product or Market Organization
Matrix Organization
Divisible Organization

43. This type of organization is very effective in similar firms especially single business
firms where key activities revolve around well-defined skills and areas of specialization.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Functional Organization
Product or Market Organization
Matrix Organization
Divisible Organization

44. This refers to the organization of a company by a division that brings together all those
involved with a certain type of product or customer.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Functional Organization
Product or Market Organization
Matrix Organization
Divisible Organization

45. This is appropriate for a large corporation with many product lines in several related
industries.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Functional Organization
Product or Market Organization
Matrix Organization
Divisible Organization

46. An organizational structure in which each employee reports both a functional or division
manager and to a project or group manager.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Functional Organization
Product or Market Organization
Matrix Organization
Divisible Organization

47. Refers to a managers right to tell subordinates what to do and then see that they do it.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Line authority
Staff authority
Functional authority

## 48. A staff specialists right to give advice to a superior.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Line authority
Staff authority
Functional authority

49. A specialists right to oversee lower level personnel involved in that specialty, regardless
of where the personnel are in the organization.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Line authority
Staff authority
Functional authority

50. A committee created for a short-term purpose and have a limited life.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Standing committee
Sinking committee
Midget committee

## 51. A permanent committee that deals with issues on an ongoing basis.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Standing committee
Sinking committee
Midget committee

52. Defined as the management function that determines human resource needs, recruits,
selects, trains, and develops human resources for jobs created by an organization.
A. Resourcing

B. Recruitment
C. Hiring
D. Staffing
53. An assessment of future human resource needs in relation to the current capabilities of
the organization.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Forecasting
Control
Programming
Recruitment

54. Refers to translation of the forecasted human resource needs to personnel objectives and
goals.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Forecasting
Control
Programming
Recruitment

55. This refers to monitoring human resource action plans and evaluating their success.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Forecasting
Evaluation and Control
Programming
Recruitment

56. Refers to attracting qualified persons to apply for vacant positions in the company so that
those who are best suited to serve the company may be selected.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Forecasting
Evaluation and Control
Programming
Recruitment

57. Refers to the act of choosing from those that are available than individuals most likely to
succeed on the job.
A. Forecasting
B. Evaluation and Control

C. Selection
D. Training
58. In this staffing procedure, the new employee is provided with the necessary information
about the company and will be introduced to the immediate working environment and coworkers.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Performance Appraisal
Induction and Orientation
Training and Development
Monetary Rewards

59. Refers to the learning that is provided in order to improve performance on the present
job.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Performance Appraisal
Induction and Orientation
Training and Development
Monetary Rewards

60. Refers to a movement by a person into a position of higher pay and greater
responsibilities and which is given as a reward for competence and ambition.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Monetary reward
Promotion
Demotion
Transfer

61. The movement of a person to a different job at the same or similar level of responsibility
in the organization.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Monetary reward
Promotion
Demotion
Transfer

62. The movement from one position to another which has less pay or responsibility attached
to it. It is used as a form of punishment or as a temporary measure to keep an employee
until he is offered a higher position.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Separation
Promotion
Demotion
Transfer

## 63. Either a voluntary or involuntary termination of an employee.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Separation
Transfer
Termination
Demotion

64. A process of sharing information through symbols, including words and message.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Counseling
Communication
Hypnotism
Language

65. Function of communication that can be used for decision-making at various work levels
in the organization.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Information Function
Emotive Function
Motivation Function
Control Function

## 66. A function of communication used as a means to motivate employees to commit

themselves to the organizations objectives.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Information Function
Emotive Function
Motivation Function
Control Function

67. Function of communication that deals when feelings are repressed in the organization,
employees are affected by anxiety, which, in turn, affects performance.
A. Information Function
B. Emotive Function

C. Motivation Function
D. Control Function
68. A form of communication transmitted through hearing or sight.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Verbal
Oral
Written
Nonverbal

69. A means of conveying message through body language, as well as the use of time, space,
touch, clothing, appearance and aesthetic elements.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Verbal
Oral
Written
Nonverbal

70. Refers to the process of activating behavior, sustaining it, and directing it toward a
particular goal.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Suppression
Motivation
Praising
Unification

## 71. The following are considered as factors contributing to motivation except:

A.
B.
C.
D.

Willingness to do a job
Self-confidence in carrying out a task
Needs satisfaction
Inferiority complex

A.
B.
C.
D.

## Maslows Needs Hierarchy Theory

Expectancy Theory
Herzbergs Two-Factor Theory
Gagarins Theory

73. It is a management function which involves influencing others to engage in the work
behaviors necessary to reach organizational goals.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Sales talk
Motivation
Commanding

74. A person who occupies a higher position has power over persons in lower positions
within the organization. This describes:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Legitimate power
Referent power
Coercive power
Reward power

75. When a person has the ability to give rewards to anybody who follows orders or requests,
it termed as:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Legitimate power
Referent power
Coercive power
Reward power

## 76. When a person compels with orders through treats or punishment.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Legitimate power
Referent power
Coercive power
Reward power

77. When a person can get compliance from another because the latter would want to be
identified with the former.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Legitimate power
Referent power
Coercive power
Reward power

A.
B.
C.
D.

## A high level of personal drive

Knowledge of the company, industry or technology
Charisma
Greedy

79. Refers to the process of ascertaining whether organizational objectives have been
achieved and determining what activities should then be taken to achieve objectives
better in the future.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Planning
Controlling
Evaluation
Inspection

80. A type of controlling when the management anticipates problems and prevents their
occurrence.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Feed forward control

Preventive control
Concurrent control
Feedback control

81. A type of controlling when the operations are already ongoing and activities to detect
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Feed forward control

Preventive control
Concurrent control
Feedback control

82. A type of controlling when information is gathered about a completed activity, and in
order that evaluation and steps for improvement are derived.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## Feed forward control

Preventive control
Concurrent control
Feedback control

83. Refers to any process that accepts inputs and uses resources to change those inputs in
useful ways.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Operation
Production
Construction
Creation

84. The process of planning, organizing, and controlling operations to reach objectives
efficiently and effectively.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Planning
Operations management
Evaluation management
Backboning

85. A process of creating a set of product specifications appropriate to the demands of the
situation.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product Design
Blueprinting
Product planning
Conceptualizing

86. Refers to forecasting the future sales of a given product, translating this forecast into the
demand it generates for various production facilities, and arranging for the procurement
of these facilities.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product Design
Blueprinting
Product planning
Conceptualizing

87. The phase of production control involved in developing timetables that specify how long
each operation in the production process takes.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Plotting
Scheduling
Timetable
Anticipating

88. Refers to the approach that seeks efficiency of operation through integration of all
material acquisition, movement, and storage activities in the firm.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Work
Quality Control
Inventory Control

89. The process of establishing and maintaining appropriate levels of reserve stocks of goods.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Work-Flow Layout
Quality Control
Inventory Control

90. The process of determining the physical arrangement of the production system.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Work-Flow Layout
Quality Control
Inventory Control

91. Refers to the measurement of products or services against standards set by the company.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Work-Flow Layout
Quality Control
Inventory Control

92. A group of activities designed to facilitate and expedite the selling of goods and services.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Commercial
Marketing
Sales

## 93. The four Ps of marketing are the following except:

A. Product

B. Price
C. Promotion
D. Publicity
94. It includes the tangible (or intangible) item and its capacity to satisfy a specified need.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product
Price
Promotion
Place

95. Refers to the money or other considerations exchanged for the purchase or use of the
product, idea, or service.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product
Price
Promotion
Place

96. An important factor for a company to locate in places where they can be easily reached
by their customers.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product
Price
Promotion
Place

97. Defined as communicating information between seller and potential buyer to influence
attitudes and behavior.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Product
Price
Promotion
Place

98. A type of promotion where a paid message appears in mass media for the purpose of
B. Publicity

C. Sales promotion
D. Personal selling
99. The promotional tool that publishes news or information about a product, service, or idea
on behalf of a sponsor but is not paid for by the sponsor.
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Publicity
Sales promotion
Personal selling
A more aggressive means of promoting the sales of a product or service.
Publicity
Sales promotion
Personal selling

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

ENGINEERING
MECHANICS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## 1. A physical quantity that is completely described by a real number is called ___________.

A. scalar
B. vector
C. tensor
D. none of the above
2. A convenient means of representing physical quantities that have magnitude and direction.
A. scalars
B. vectors
C. tensors
D. none of the above
3. The product of a scalar and a vector is a
A. scalar
B. vector
C. tensor
D. none of the above
4. It is simply a vector whose magnitude is 1
A. moment vector
B. tensor
C. unit vector
D. vector unity
5. It is sometimes called the scalar product.
A. dot product
B. vector product
C. cross product
D. unit scalar
6. To calculate for the force exerted on a charged particle by a magnetic field, _________ is
used.
A. vector product
B. scalar product
C. dot product
D. vector sum
7. It is sometimes called the vector product.
A. dot product

B. cross product
C. tensor product
D. unit vector
8. Which of the following statements is false?
A. The cross product is commutative.
B. The cross product is associative with respect to scalar multiplication.
C. The cross product is distributive with respect to vector addition.
D. The angle between two identical vectors placed tail to tail is zero.
9. When a force is represented by a vector, the straight line collinear with the vector is called the
________.
A. line of apsides
B. line of reaction
C. line of vector
D. line of action
10. A system of forces is __________ if the lines of action of the forces intersect at a point.
A. parallel
B. coplanar
C. concurrent
D. two-dimensional
11. A system of two forces is ___________ if the lines of action of the forces lie in a plane.
A. coplanar
B. two-dimensional
C. A or B
D. none of the above
12. Force acting on an object is called a ___________ if its acts on the volume of the object.
A. internal force
B. external force
C. body force
D. surface force
13. If each point on the object has the same constant velocity, this is referred to as __________.
A. continuum translation
B. discrete translation
C. finite translation

14. The moment of a force about a point P is equal to the sum of the moments of its components
A. Cavalieris Theorem
B. Pascals Theorem
C. Varignons Theorem
D. Torricellis Theorem
15. It is the measure of the tendency of a force to cause rotation about a line or axis.
A. moment
B. momentum
C. impulse
D. torsion
16. A couple is composed of two forces that are
A. equal
B. equal and opposite
C. equal and different lines of action
D. equal, opposite and different lines of action
17. Which of the following statements is true about a couple?
A. A couple does not tend to cause a rotation of an object.
B. The vector sum of the force couple always has a value.
C. A couple tends to cause a rotation of an object.
D. The moment it exerts is not the same about any point.
18. If an object is on an inclined plane having an angle , the component of weight (w) parallel to
incline is __________.
A. w sin
B. w cos
C. w tan
D. w cot
19. A type of force acting on a body due to the acceleration of gravity.
B. shear
C. bear
D. mass
20. A type of force acting on a body caused by the friction between the body and the ground.

B. shear
C. bear
D. mass
21. The unit of force, Newton, is equivalent to
A. lbm-ft/s2
B. g-cm/s2
C. kg-m/s2
D. kgf
22. When a body is in contact with the ground, the force that is reflected back to the body is
called
A. ground reflected force
B. gravity reflected force
C. ground reaction force
D. gravity reaction force
23. The gravity in the moon is about
A. 1.6 m/s2
B. 2.6 m/s2
C. 3.6 m/s2
D. 0.6 m/s2
24. The ground reaction force on a body can be represented by a single force acting on a point
called
A. center of force
B. center of reaction
C. center of reflection
D. center of pressure
25. The tuning effect on a body is dependent on which of the following?
B. acceleration of gravity
C. moment arm
D. all of the above
26. The perpendicular distance of the force from the point about which the body will turn is
called
A. moment arm
B. moment distance

C. lever arm
D. A or C
27. If the force is moved in the direction parallel to the direction of the force, the moment exerted
by the force ___________.
A. increases
B. decreases
C. is unchanged
D. becomes zero
28. The moment of force is zero when
A. the applied force is zero.
B. the force is applied at the moment axis.
C. the line of action of the force is parallel to the axis.
D. all of the above
29. __________ is finding a single force which shall be equal to two or more given forces when
acting in given directions.
A. resolution of forces
B. integration of forces
C. composition of forces
D. quantization of forces
30. He is the father of the modern engineering mechanics
A. Gilbert Lewis
B. Stephen Timoshenko
C. J. Gordon
D. A. Cotrell
31. It is a method of applying mechanics that assumes all objects are continuous.
A. Discrete Mechanics
B. Finite Element Method
C. Continuum Mechanics
D. Contact Mechanics
32. Which of the following is an example of contact force?
A. gravitational force
B. magnetic force
C. air resistance force
D. electric force

## 33. It occurs when an object is moving across a surface.

A. dynamic friction
B. static friction
C. kinetic friction
D. sliding friction
34. Given = 0.35 between the object of mass 400 g and the floor, the object will __________ if
pulled with a force of 3 N.
A. remain at rest
B. move
C. accelerate
D. B and C
35. Which of the following statements is correct?
A. The coefficient of static friction is always less than 1.
B. The coefficient of static friction is typically greater than the coefficient of kinetic
friction.
C. The coefficient of kinetic friction is typically greater than the coefficient of static friction.
D. The coefficient of static and kinetic friction are always equal.
36. The equations that apply to bodies moving linearly (that is, one dimension) with uniform
accelerations are often referred to as
A. UVATS
B. SUVAT
C. UVATS
D. Either of the above
37. Observed from an internal reference frame, the net force on a particle is proportional to the
time rate of change of its linear momentum. This is known as Newtons ___________ of
motion.
A. Zeroth Law
B. First Law
C. Second Law
D. Third Law
38. It is also known as quantity of motion.
A. momentum
B. force
C. mass
D. acceleration

39. This concept assumes that the substance of the body is distributed throughout and completely
fills the space it occupies.
A. Finite Element
B. Contact
C. Discrete
D. Continuum
40. In fluids, _________ is used to assess to what extent the approximation of continuity can be
A. Brayton Number
B. Knudsen Number
C. Reynolds Number
D. Prandtl Number
41. It is the time rate of change of any property of a continuum for a specified group of particles
of the moving continuum body.
A. Material Derivative
B. Continual Derivative
C. Particle Derivative
D. Quantum Derivative
42. Material derivative is also known as __________.
A. substantial derivative
B. commoving derivative
C. convective derivative
D. all of the above
43. The vector connecting the positions of a particle in the undeformed and deformed
configuration is called the ________.
A. displacement vector
B. position vector
C. displacement field
D. position field
44. A __________ is a vector field of all displacement vectors for all particles in the body.
A. position field
B. action field
C. displacement field
D. path field

45. _________ is the study of the physics of continuous solids with a defined rest shape.
A. Continuum Mechanics
B. Solid Mechanics
C. Fluid Mechanics
D. Discrete Mechanics
46. It is an experimental method for visualizing and analyzing fluid flow.
A. Particle Image Velocimetry
B. Particle Image Accelerometry
C. Particle Image Flowmeter
D. Particle Image Viscosimetry
47. A fluid at rest has no
A. longitudinal stress
B. shear stress
C. tensile stress
D. compressive stress
48. A property of fluids which is the force generated by a fluid in response to a velocity gradient.
A. compressibility
B. plasticity
C. elasticity
D. viscosity
49. These equations state that changes in momentum of fluid particles depend only on the
external pressure and internal viscous forces acting on the fluid.
A. Navier Stokes Equations
B. Torricelli Equations
C. Reynolds Equations
D. Lagrangian Equations
50. It is defined as, regardless of the forces acting on a fluid, the fluid continues to flow
A. Newtonian fluid
B. non-Newtonian fluid
C. Lagrangian fluid
D. non-Lagrangian fluid
51. Which of the following is an example of Newtonian fluid?
A. oobleck

B. pudding
C. water
D. paint
52. If an object is stationary or moving at a constant velocity, then
A. no forces are acting on the object.
B. the forces acting the object are balanced.
C. the object is in equilibrium state.
D. either of the above
53. It is an additional force that exactly balances a resultant force.
A. reactant
B. equilibrant
C. buoyant
D. reverse effective force
54. The equilibrant of the forces 10 N at 10 and 15 N at 100 is
A.18 N at 246
B. 18 N at 66
C. 25 N at -114
D. 25 N at 66
55. It is a point within an object from which the force of gravity appears to act
A. center of gravity
B. centroid
C. center of mass
D. all of the above are correct
56. If an area has one line of symmetry the centroid will
A. lie somewhere along the line symmetry
B. lie anywhere on the area
C. lie in the midpoint of the line of symmetry
D. not lie on the line of symmetry
57. The second moment of area is an important value which is used to __________. It can also
be called moment of inertia.
A. determine the state of stress in a section
B. calculate the resistance to buckling
C. determine the amount of deflection in a beam
D. all of the above

58. The __________ transfers the moment of inertia of a section or area from its own centroidal
axis to another parallel axis.
A. moment of axis theorem
B. transfer formula
C. parallel axis theorem
D. B or C
59. The moment of force is zero when
A. the applied force is zero
B. the force is applied at the moment axis
C. the line of action of the force is parallel to the moment axis
D. all of the above
60. The mass moment of inertia of a solid sphere about its diameter is
A. 1/5 mr2
B. 2/5 mr2
C. 3/5 mr2
D. 4/5 mr2
61. The mass moment of inertia of a thin spherical shell about its diameter is
A. 1/6 mr2
B. 1/3 mr2
C. 1/2 mr2
D. 2/3 mr2
62. It is a mathematical property of a section concerned with a surface area and how that area is
A. moment of area
B. second moment of area
C. third moment of area
D. fourth moment of area
63. It is the materials ability to resist twisting
A. mass moment of inertia
B. moment of area
C. second moment of area
D. polar moment of area
64. Any object, wholly or partly immersed in a fluid, is buoyed up by a force equal to the
weight of the fluid displaced by the object. This is known as the ____________.

A. Bernoullis Principle
B. Torricellis Principle
C. Archimedes Principle
D. Pascals Principle
65. It is the upward force on an object produced by the surrounding fluid in which it is fully or
partially immersed.
A. Archimedes force
B. fluid pressure
C. buoyancy
D. weight reaction
66. A rock of weight 10 N suspended by a string is lowered into water, displacing water of
weight 3 N. Determine the tension in the string.
A. 13 N
B. 7 N
C. 10 N
D. 3 N
67. If the buoyancy of an object exceeds its weight, the object __________.
A. tends to rise
B. tends to sink
C. A or B
D. none of the above
68. It is the rate of change of velocity
A. displacement
B. acceleration
C. momentum
D. impulse
69. Impulse is equal to ________.
A. force x time
B. change in momentum
C. A or B
D. none of the above
70. Collisions in which objects rebound with the same speed as they had prior to the collision are
known as __________.
A. elastic collisions

B. inelastic collisions
C. static collisions
D. plastic collisions
71. If a 10-kg object experiences a 20-N force for a duration of 0.05-second, then what is the
momentum change of the object?
A. 1 N-s
B. 400 N-s
C. 0.5 N-s
D. 200 N-s
72. When hit, the velocity of a 0.2 kg baseball changes from +25 m/s to -25 m/s. What is the
magnitude of the impulse delivered by the bat to the ball?
A. 1 N-s
B. 5 N-s
C. 10 N-s
D. 20 N-s
73. It is defined as the integral of force with respect to time.
A. momentum
B. impulse
C. velocity
D. acceleration
74. The SI unit for angular velocity is
A. degrees per second
B. revolutions per second
C. mils per second
75. The angular momentum of a rotating object can be calculated by the formula
A. mass moment of inertia x linear velocity
B. mass x linear velocity
C. mass moment of inertia x angular velocity
D. mass x angular velocity
76. The time derivative of angular momentum is called
A. angular velocity
B. angular acceleration
C. work

D. torque
77. It defines limits on how accurately the momentum and position of a single observable system
can be known at once.
A. Heisenberg uncertainty principle
B. particle momentum principle
C. particle position principle
D. Bohrs uncertainty principle
78. The SI unit for polar moment of inertia is
A. kg-m2
B. kg-m4
C. m4
D. m2
79. A structure is _________ when the static equilibrium equations are not sufficient for
determining the internal forces and reactions on that structure.
A. statically determinate
B. statically indeterminate
C. dynamically determinate
D. dynamically indeterminate
80. It is an equation used to find the final velocity of an object moving with a constant
acceleration without having a known time interval.
A. Bernoullis equation
B. Torricellis equation
C. Newtons equation
D. Cavendishs equation
81. Torricellis equation of motion is
A. Vf 2 = Vi 2 + 2as
B. Vf = Vi + at
C. Vf 2 = Vi 2 + at
D. Vf = Vi + 2as
82. Which of the following is true about centripetal force?
A. It is directed toward the center of the circular path.
B. It appears to act outward the body.
C. It is directly proportional to the radius of the circular path.
D. It is inversely proportional to the square of the tangential velocity.

## 83. Centripetal acceleration

A. changes the direction of the velocity.
B. changes the magnitude of the velocity.
C. changes the magnitude of angular velocity.
84. Tangential acceleration
A. changes the direction of the velocity.
B. changes the magnitude of the velocity.
C. changes the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration.
85. The _________ is the primary force from which gravity, electromagnetic and electrostatic
force manifest.
A. Eforce
B. Tforce
C. Kforce
D. Gforce
86. The value of Gforce is equal to
A. 1.211 x 1041 N
B. 1.211 x 1042 N
C. 1.211 x 1043 N
D. 1.211 x 1044 N
87. The gravitational force constant has the units
A. m3 kg-1 s-2
B. N kg-1 s-2
C. m2 kg-1 s-2
D. N kg-1 m-1
88. The gravitational force between an electron and a proton 1 meter apart is
A. 1.02 x 1057 N
B. 1.02 x 10-57 N
C. 1.02 x 10-67 N
D. 1.02 x 1067 N
89. The value of the standard gravitational parameter for Earth is
A. 4 x 1011 m3 s-2

B. 4 x 1014 m3 s-2
C. 4 x 108 m3 s-2
D. 4 x 1010 m3 s-2
90. Given that the radius of the moon is 1,730 km and mass is 7.34 x 10 22 kg, determine the
acceleration due to gravity on the moon.
A. 1.6 m/s2
B. 2.6 m/s2
C. 3.6 m/s2
D. 0.6 m/s2
91. It is the resistance that occurs when a round object such as a ball or a tire rolls on a flat
surface.
A. rolling resistance
B. rolling friction
C. rolling drag
D. either of the above
92. Which of the following affects the magnitude of rolling resistance an object generates?
A. type of material
B. dimensions
C. both A and B
D. none of the above
93. Rolling resistance coefficient is a dimensionless quantity also known as
A. coefficient of rolling friction
B. coefficient of friction
C. coefficient of resistance
D. rolling friction constant
94. The rolling resistance coefficient of rail road steel wheel on steel rail is
A. 0.0002 0.0010
B. 0.005
C. 0.02
D. 0.3
95. The rolling resistance coefficient of ordinary car tires on concrete is
A. 0.0002 0.0010
B. 0.1 0.2
C. 0.01 0.015

D. 0.05 0.06
96. It is the factor by which a mechanism multiplies the force put into it.
A. factor of safety
B. mechanical factor
D. mechanical coefficient
97. It is the study that describes the motion of macroscopic objects.
A. quantum mechanics
B. classical mechanics
C. discrete mechanics
D. continuum mechanics
98. Determine the magnitude of the force vector F = 20i + 60j 90k (N).
A. 130 N
B. 120 N
C. 100 N
D. 110 N
99. Determine the dot product of the two vectors U = 8i 6j + 4k and V = 3i + 7j + 9k.
A. 18
B. 16
C. 14
D. 12
100. Two perpendicular vectors are given in terms of their components by U = U xi 4j + 6k and
V = 3i + 2j 3k. Determine the component Ux.
A. 5.67
B. 6.67
C. 7.67
D. 8.67

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

PHYSICS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

At any point along a streamline in an ideal fluid in steady flow, the sum of the pressure,
the potential energy per unit volume and the kinetic energy per unit volume have the
same value. The concept is known as
A. Bernoullis Energy Principles
B. Fluid theorem
C. Pascals theorem
D. Hydraulic theorem
The work done by all forces except the gravitational force is always equal to the one of
the system.
A. Total mechanical energy
B. Total potential energy
C. Total kinetic energy
D. Total momentum
When the two waves of the same frequency, speed and amplitude traveling in opposite
directions are superimposed,
A. the phase difference is always zero
B. distractive waves are produced
C. standing waves are produced
D. constructive interference always results to zero
According to this law, The force between two charges varies directly as the magnitude
of each charge and inversely as the square of the distance between them.
A. Law of Universal Gravitation
B. Newtons Law
C. Inverse Square Law
D. Coulombs Law
It describes the luminous flux incidence per unit area and is expressed in lumens per
square meter.
A. Illuminance
B. Luminance
C. Luminous Intensity
The fluid pressure is the same in all directions. This is known as
A. Pascals Principle
B. Bernoullis Theorem
C. Ideal Fluid Principle
D. Archimedes Principle
The amount of heat needed to change solid to liquid is
A. condensation
B. cold fusion
C. latent heat of fusion
D. solid fusion

## 8. At the boiling point of liquid, the vapor pressure

A. is equal to external pressure on the surface of the liquid
B. is greater than the atmospheric pressure
C. is less than the atmospheric pressure
D. can have any value
9. Which of the following thermometers is best suited for measuring a temperature of nearly
1500oC?
A. Gas thermometer
B. Platinum resistance thermometer
C. Thermo couple thermometer
D. Mercury thermometer
10. The energy stored in a starched elastic material such as spring is
A. Mechanical energy
B. Elastic potential energy
C. Internal energy
D. Kinetic energy
11. In physics, if LF and LV are the latent heat of fusion and vaporization, respectively,
which of the following equations apply in determining the amount of energy needed to
freeze a liquid?
A. Q = -mif
B. Q = -miv
C. Q = mif
D. Q = miv
12. Which of the following is true? The density of water
A. Is maximum at 4oC
B. Decreases as the temperature is increased
C. Is minimum at 4oC
D. Increases with temperature
13. When the pitch of a note is raised then, its
A. frequency decreases
B. wavelength is increased
C. frequency increases
D. None of the above is true
14. Cohesion is the attraction between like
A. atom
B. element
C. compound
D. molecule
15. The quality known as specific heat is based on:
A. the increase in temperature due to induction
B. the heat needed for one pound of water to boil
C. the heat needed to increase the temperature to one gram of a substance one
degree Celsius
D. the amount of heat required to melt one kg of lead

## 16. On decreasing the pressure, the boiling point of water will

A. increase
B. remain unaffected
C. decrease
D. may increase/decrease depending on the pressure
17. When sugar is added to water, its boiling point
A. increases
B. remains unaffected
C. decreases
D. Any of the above is possible
18. Which one of the following processes of heat transfer requires the presence of a fluid?
A. conduction
B. convection
D. none of the above
19. When salt is added to water, its boiling point
A. increases
B. decreases
C. remains unaffected
D. may increase/decrease depending on the pressure
20. Which one of the following propagates with the same speed as speed of light?
A. The sound waves
B. The heat waves
C. The shock waves
D. The Beta rays
21. Which of the following is not true about sound waves?
A. They transmit the energy
B. They are propagated as a series of compressions and the rare fractions
C. They travel faster in air than in solids
D. They produce interference
22. Sound waves in air are
A. longitudinal
B. neither longitudinal nor transverse
C. transverse
D. stationary
23. Normal range of the frequency of sound, which the human beings can hear, is
A. Less than 20 Hz
B. More than 25,000 Hz
C. 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz
D. All of these
24. The loudness of sound depends upon its
A. Wavelength
B. Frequency
C. Amplitude
D. All of the above

## 25. Sound above the frequency of 20000 Hz is called

A. Supersonic sound
B. Intrasonic sound
C. Hypersonic sound
D. Ultrasonic sound
26. The surface of the thermos flask is silvered for minimizing heat transfer by what process?
A. conduction
C. convection
D. vaporization
27. Water starts boiling when
A. Its temperature reaches 100oC
B. Its vapor pressure equals 76cm of mercury
C. Its saturated vapor pressure equals the external pressure on its surface
D. Its saturated vapor pressure is less than the atmospheric pressure
28. 500 gm of water at 4oC occupies a certain volume V. Which of the following statements
is correct?
A. It will weigh less than one pound of water at 0oC
B. It will weigh more than 500 gm of water at 0oC
C. Its volume will decrease when its temperature is lowered
D. Its volume will increase when its temperature is lowered or raised
29. Heat will flow from one body to another in thermal contact with it, when they differ in
A. mass
B. specific mass
C. density
D. temperature
30. The amount of heat which is absorbed during the change of state of a substance without
rise in its temperature is called its
A. Specific heat
B. Latent heat
C. Thermal conductivity
D. Water equivalent
31. The scientist who systematically demonstrated the equivalence of mechanical energy and
heat was
A. Joule
B. Boltzmann
D. Kelvin
32. On a sunny day at the beach, the sand gets so hot and the water stays relatively cool is
due to the difference in of water and sand.
A. density
B. specific heat
C. depth
D. thermal conductivity

## 33. The instrument, which measures temperature by radiation, is called

A. thermopile
B. thermometer
C. pyrometer
D. hydrometer
34. When the temperature of an ideal gas is increased at constant pressure,
A. the potential energy of molecules increases
B. the potential energy of molecules decreases
C. the kinetic energy of molecules increases
D. the kinetic energy of molecules decreases
35. The root mean square speed of the molecules of a gas is
A. independent of its pressure P
B. directly proportional to square root of P
C. directly proportional to the square of its temperature T
D. proportional to T
36. At what temperature do both the centigrade and Fahrenheit thermometers show the same
A. -38oC
B. -40oC
C. -42oC
D. -50oC
37. A mercury thermometer is constructed at
A. room temperature
B. a temperature higher than the maximum range of the thermometer
C. a temperature lower than the minimum range of the thermometer
D. atmospheric pressure
38. The boiling point of water on plains is 100oC. At hills it will be
A. 100oC
B. Less than 100oC
C. More than 100oC
D. May be any of the above
39. It is hotter over the top of a fire than at the same distance on the sides because of:
A. convection of heat
B. conduction of heat
D. convection, conduction and radiation of heat
40. The density of water is
A. same at all temperature
B. maximum at 4oC
C. minimum at 4oC
D. maximum at 0oC

## 41. When a substance is heated, its

A. molecules move more slowly
B. molecules move more rapidly
C. there is no change in the speed of its molecules
D. its temperature always increases
42. When common salt is sprinkled on ice the temperature of ice
A. increases
B. decreases
C. remains unchanged
D. none of these
43. The minimum temperature which can be measured with a mercury thermometer is
A. 0oC
B. -273oC
C. -39oC
D. -143oC
44. A wave in which the particles of the material move up and down as the waves goes from
left is called a
A. Longitudinal wave
B. Transverse wave
C. Standing wave
D. None of these
45. When waves go from one place to another they transport
A. Energy and matter
B. Wavelength and matter
C. Frequency only
D. Energy only
46. The phenomenon of damping results in decrease in
A. frequency
B. velocity
C. wavelength
D. amplitude
47. Echo is formed as a result of
A. refraction of sound
B. diffraction of sound
C. interference of sound
D. reflection of sound
48. The characteristic of sound which enables us to distinguish two musical notes having the
same frequency and loudness is called
A. pitch
B. intensity
C. timber
D. decibel

## 49. Which of the following could be a longitudinal wave?

A. electromagnetic waves
B. a sound wave in air
C. a water wave
D. waves on vibrating string
50. A Decibel is a
A. musical instrument
B. highest frequency emitted by a tuning fork
C. a measure of intensity level
D. a measure of clarity of sound

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

STRENGTH OF
MATERIALS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## 1. Strength of materials can most aptly be described as statics of deformable _______

bodies.
A. elastic
B. rigid
C. compressible
D. thermal
2. It states that the elongation is proportional to the force
A. Pascals Law
B. Hookes Law
C. Youngs Theorem
D. Farrells Law
3. The modulus of elasticity is also known as
A. Youngs modulus
B. Modulus of rigidity
C. Hookes ratio
D. Yield strength
4. A ________ material is one having a relatively large tensile strain up to the point of
rupture
A. malleable
B. brittle
C. conductible
D. ductile
5. A ________ material has a relatively small strain up to the point of rupture
A. brittle
B. malleable
C. ductile
D. conductible
6. The maximum stress that may be developed during a simple tension that the stress is a
linear function of strain.
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point
7. The maximum stress that may be developed during a simple tension test such that there is
no permanent or residual deformation when the load is entirely removed
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point
8. The region of the stress-strain curve extending from the origin to the proportional limit is
called
A. rigid range
B. malleable range
C. elastic range
D. plastic range

9. The region of the stress-strain curve extending from the proportional limit to the point of
rupture is called
A. rigid range
B. malleable range
C. elastic range
D. plastic range
10. The ordinate of the point at which there is an increase in strain with no increase in stress
is known as
A. elastic limit
B. proportional limit
C. yield point
D. rupture point
11. The maximum ordinate to the curve
A. yield strength
B. ultimate strength
C. tensile strength
D. both B and C are correct
12. The ratio of the strain in the lateral direction to that in the axial direction
A. Pascals Number
B. Factor of Safety
C. Youngs Modulus
D. Poissons ratio
13. Defined as the ratio of the ultimate strength to the specific weight
A. Specific Strength
B. Specific Rigidity
C. Specific Modulus
D. Specific Gravity
14. Defined as the ratio of the Youngs modulus to the specific weight
A. Specific Strength
B. Specific Rigidity
C. Specific Modulus
D. Specific Gravity
15. One of the same elastic properties at all points in the body
A. heterogeneous material
B. multistate material
C. homogenous material
D. monostate material
16. One of having the same elastic properties in all directions at any one point of the body
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic

17. Material that does not possess any kind of elastic symmetry
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic
18. Material that has three mutually perpendicular planes of elastic symmetry
A. Orthotropic
B. Isotropic
C. Anisotropic
D. Monotropic
19. The change of volume per unit volume is defined as the
A. Convection
B. Dilatation
C. Expansion
D. Mutation
20. A measure of the resistance of a material to change of volume without change of shape or
form
A. Youngs modulus
B. Modulus of rigidity
C. Bulk modulus
D. Shear modulus
21. Stresses arising when a change in temperature affects the original length of a body
A. Kelvin stress
B. Thermal stress
C. Hydraulic stress
D. Humid stress
22. The typical Youngs modulus of steel is
A. 145-170 GPa
B. 195-210 GPa
C. 225-240 GPa
D. 275-310 GPa
23. Poissons ratio of glass
A. 0.16
B. 0.19
C. 0.23
D. 0.27
24. The yield strength of pure aluminum is
A. 7-11 MPa
B. 7-11 GPa
C. 2-5 MPa
D. 2-5 GPa

## 25. One Newton per square meter is one

A. Joule
B. Watt
C. Pascal
D. Kelvin
26. Stress on an object is _________ its cross sectional area
A. directly proportional to
B. inversely proportional to
C. less than
D. greater than
27. The condition under which the stress is constant or uniform is known as
A. Shearing stress
B. Tangential stress
C. Torsion
D. Simple stress
28. Tensile and compressive stress are caused by forces _________ to the areas on which
they act
A. perpendicular
B. parallel
C. angled
D. skew
29. Which of the following is/are known as tangential stress?
A. Circumferential stress
B. Hoop stress
C. Girth stress
D. All of the above
30. The maximum safe stress a material can carry
A. Optimum stress
B. Working stress
C. Differential stress
D. Partial stress
31. It is the change in shape and / or size of a continuum body after it undergoes a
displacement between an initial and a deformed configuration
A. Deformation
B. Distortion
C. Deflection
D. Dilation
32. Expressed as the ration of total deformation to the initial dimension of the material body
in which forces are being applied.
A. Elasticity
B. Dislocation
C. Stress
D. Strain

## 33. Engineering strain is also known as

A. Hooke strain
B. Cauchy strain
C. Couch strain
D. Pascal strain
34. When a material is stretched in one direction and the other direction tends to contract, the
Poissons ratio is
A. Positive
B. Negative
C. Zero
D. Cannot be determined
35. When a material is stretched in one direction and the other direction tends to expand, the
Poissons ratio is
A. Positive
B. Negative
C. Zero
D. Cannot be determined
36. Which of the following is known to have no contractions or expansion when stretched in
the other direction?
A. Cast iron
B. Sand
C. Auxetics
D. Cork
37. Which of the following materials is known to expand instead of contracting when
stretched in the other direction?
A. Cast iron
B. Sand
C. Auxetics
D. Cork
38. Is the twisting of an object due to an applied torque.
A. Torsion
C. Circumferential shear
D. Centrifugal force
39. The angle of twist is measured in
A. Mils
D. Degrees
40. It is the rotational force down a shaft
A. Pressure
B. Torque
C. Torsion

41. It is made of elastic material formed into the shape of a helix which returns to its natural
A. Autumn
B. Spring
C. Spiral
D. Beam
42. The form of deformation of a spring is
A. Twisting
B. Volume expansion
C. Elongation
D. None of the above
43. A 6mm bar is subjected to a tensile force of 4000 N. Find the stress.
A. 333.33 MPa
B. 70.74 MPa
C. 435.34 MPa
D. 43.30 MPa
44. If the circumference of the cross section of a cylindrical bar is 25mm, what maximum
axial load can it handle if the stress is not to exceed 100 MPa?
A. 4973.59 N
B. 4932.43 N
C. 4901.53 N
D. 4892.43 N
45. What is the minimum diameter of a bar subjected to an axial load of 6.5 kN if its ultimate
stress is 140 MPa
A. 2.43 mm
B. 4.24 mm
C. 6.34 mm
D. 7.69 mm
46. A hollow cylindrical baris subjected to an axial load of 4.5 kN. If the inner diameter is
3mm, what should the outer diameter be if it is not to exceed 125 MPa?
A. 4.34 mm
B. 8.53 mm
C. 7.41 mm
D. 5.34 mm
47. Determine the outside of a hollow steel tube that will carry a tensile load of 500 kN at a
stress of 140 MPa. Assume the wall thickness to be one tenth of the outside diameter.
A. 104 mm
B. 113 mm
C. 134 mm
D. 153 mm

48. A 20 m bar with a square cross section of 9 mm2 is subjected to a tensile force without
exceeding its ultimate stress. If the bar is to be replaced by cylindrical one, what should
the diameter be?
A. 4.34 mm
B. 8.32 mm
C. 3.39 mm
D. 1.24 mm
49. Two plates are being pulled at opposite directions with a load of 20 kN. If the plates are
secured by two bolts 75 mm in diameter, what is the shearing stress applied to each bolt?
A. 4.23 MPa
B. 3.21 MPa
C. 2.26 MPa
D. 1.28 MPa
50. Three plates, secured by a 60 mm bolt, are being pulled at opposite directions alternately.
What pulling force is needed to shear off the bolt if it can withstand a stress of up to 175
MPa?
A. 434 kN
B. 242 kN
C. 495 kN
D. 272 kN
51. What force is required to punch off a 5 mm hole out of a 4 mm thick plate if the ultimate
punching stress is 200 MPa?
A. 15.53 kN
B. 17.45 kN
C. 14.43 kN
D. 12.57 kN
52. A hole is to be punched out of a plate having an ultimate shearing stress of 300 MPa. If
the compressive stress in the punch is limited to 400 MPa, determine the maximum
thickness of plate from which a hole, 100 mm in diameter can be punched.
A. 33.3 mm
B. 17.9 mm
C. 13.4 mm
D. 26.9 mm
53. A cylindrical vessel with wall diameter of 15 mm containing gas holds pressure of 30
MPa. If the thickness is 10% of the inner diameter, what is the longitudinal stress?
A. 150 MPa
B. 125 MPa
C. 100 MPa
D. 75 MPa
54. What is the tangential stress in question 51?
A. 150 MPa
B. 125 MPa
C. 100 MPa
D. 75 MPa

55. If the tensile stress of a spherical vessel is limited to 17 MPa, what is the minimum
thickness allowed if its inner radius is 7 mm containing gas with 20 N/mm2 of pressure?
A. 2.06 mm
B. 4.12 mm
C. 6.24 mm
D. 8.75 mm
56. What is the bearing stress if a 15kN force is applied to plates 9 mm thick secured by a
bolt 8 mm in diameter?
A. 453.32 MPa
B. 321.43 MPa
C. 431.43 MPa
D. 208.33 MPa
57. What is the elongation if a steel bar 7m long is subjected to a temperature change of
17oC? Use = 11.7 x 10-6 / Co.
A. 1.34 mm
B. 13.44 mm
C. 134.44 mm
D. 1.34 m
58. By how much will a 15m steel rod with diameter of 3mm elongate if it is subjected to a
tensile load of 26 kN. Use E=200 GPa
A. 293.34 mm
B. 67.34 mm
C. 275.87 mm
D. 69.34 mm
59. At temperature of 25oC, a 17 m rod 8 mm in diameter is subjected to a tensile load of 24
kN. At what temperature without the load will the bar have the same elongation? Use =
13.8 x 10-6 / Co and E = 180 GPa.
A. 115 oC
B. 217 oC
C. 245 oC
D. 287 oC
60. A cylindrical bar 75 m long is attached to the ceiling atone end. At what new length could
be expected if it has a unit mass of 5000 kg/m3 ? Use E = 750 MPa.
A. 75.023 m
B. 75.104 m
C. 75.184 m
D. 75.245 m
61. A 7mm bar 9 m long is attached to the ceiling at one end. If a weight of 40 kN is hung on
its lower end, what is the total elongation? Use E = 200 GPa and unit mass of kg/m3.
A. 46.78 mm
B. 45.34 mm
C. 48.33 mm
D. 52.23 mm

62. A steel wire 10 m long, hanging vertically supports a tensile load of 2000 N. Neglecting
the weight of the wire, determine the required diameter if the stress is not to exceed 140
MPa and the total elongation is not to exceed 5 mm. Assume E = 200 GPa.
A. 4.26 mm
B. 3.12 mm
C. 5.05 mm
D. 2.46 mm
63. A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300mm2 and length of 150 m is suspended
vertically from one end. It supports a load of 13 kN at the lower end. If the unit mass of
steel is 5120 kg/m3 and E=200 GPa, find the total elongation of the rod.
A. 33.45 mm
B. 54.33 mm
C. 53.44 mm
D. 35.33 mm
64. What is the torsion on a solid cylindrical shaft whose diameter is 6 mm subjected to a
rotational force of 27 N-m?
A. 434.31 MPa
B. 542.46 MPa
C. 255.44 MPa
D. 636.62 MPa
65. What is the maximum torque allowed if a 12 mm shaft is allowed torsion of up to 40 MPa
only?
A. 13.57 N-m
B. 15.34 N-m
C. 18.34 N-m
D. 23.43 N-m
66. How many degrees of rotational deformation would occur on an 8 m cylindrical bar 8
mm in radius if it subjected to torque of 95 N-m?
A. 56.34o
B. 35.62o
C. 92.32o
D. 43.53o
67. What is the torque if the power transmitted by a shaft rotating at 30 rev/s is 1 MW?
A. 8.342 kN-m
B. 3.532 kN-m
C. 7.453 kN-m
D. 5.305 kN-m
68. A cylindrical solid shaft 7 mm in diameter is rotating at 18 rev/s. What is the maximum
allowable power transmitted if the stress should not exceed 380 MPa?
A. 3.43 kW
B. 5.23 kW
C. 1.53 kW
D. 2.89 kW

69. Determine the length of the shortest 2-mm diameter bronze wire which can be twisted
through two complete turns without exceeding a shearing stress of 343 MPa. Use G=35
GPa.
A. 6280 mm
B. 3420 mm
C. 1280 mm
D. 1658 mm
70. A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 60 Mpa when twisted through 4o. Using G=83
GPa, compute the power that can be transmitted by the shaft at 20 rev/s.
A. 1.21 MW
B. 1.67 MW
C. 3.21 MW
D. 1.26 MW
71. A helical spring with mean radius of 40 mm has wire diameter of 2.7 mm. What is the
shearing stress if there is a 22 N load? Use the approximate formula.
A. 325.32 MPa
B. 231.54 MPa
C. 432.43 MPa
D. 154.67 MPa
72. Solve question 69 using the exact formula.
A. 238.29 MPa
B. 431.32 MPa
C. 365.35 MPa
D. 153.64 MPa
73. By how much will a spring with 9 turns elongate if it supports a weight of 400 N? The
wire diameter is 6 mm and the mean radius is 28 mm. Use G=150 GPa.
A. 64.35 mm
B. 42.43 mm
C. 26.02 mm
D. 16.65 mm
74. A helical spring is made by wrapping steel wire 20 mm in diameter around a forming
cylinder 150 mm in diameter. Compute number of turns required to permit an elongation
of 132 mm without exceeding a shearing stress of 184.8 MPa. Use G=83 GPa.
A. 15.43 turns
B. 13.83 turns
C. 18.24 turns
D. 12.36 turns
75. Determine the maximum shearing stress in a helical steel spring composed of 20 turns of
20-mm diameter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm when the spring is supporting a load of
2kN. Use the exact formula.
A. 120.6 MPa
B. 117.9 MPa
C. 132.4 MPa

126.9 MPa

## MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN

ENGINEERING
MATERIALS
General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. The property of metals that allows them to be drawn into thin wires beyond their elastic
limit without being ruptured is called
A. ductility
B. malleability
C. elasticity
D. hardness
2. Interaction between the surface of two closely adjacent bodies which causes them to cling
together is known as
A. Friction
B. Cohesion
D. Viscosity
3. Solids which break above the elastic limit are called
A. Brittle
B. Ductile
C. Plastic
D. Malleable
4. The property of some elementary particles that causes them to exert force on one another
I known as
A. Potential difference
B. Charge
C. Specific change
D. Nucleon interaction
5. The property which permits the flow of current under the action of a potential difference
is called
A. Resistance
B. Permeance
C. Impedence
D. Conductance
6. When a body is resistant to heat, it is called
A. Thermoscopic
B. Thermotropic
C. Thermoduric
D. Thermoplastic
7. The property of fluids by virtue of which they offer resistance to flow is known as
A. Gummosity
B. Glutinosity
C. Viscidity
D. Viscosity
8. The tendency of a body to return to its original size or shape after having been deformed
is called
A. Elastance
B. Elasticity
C. Elastivity
D. Anelastivity

## 9. The emission of light by a material because of its high temperature is known as

A. Incandescence
B. Luminescence
C. Scintillation
D. Phosphorescence
10. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the passage of white light into a
glass prism?
A. The violet color travels faster than the red color
B. The violet color travels slower than the red color
C. All the colors of white light travels the same speed
D. Greater the wavelength, slower the speed of color
11. The property by virtue of which a body resists any attempt to change its state of rest or
motion is called
A. Torpidity
B. Passivity
C. Inactivity
D. Inertia
12. The property of an isolated conductor to store electric charge is
A. Capacitance
B. Conductance
C. Permeability
D. Accumulation
13. If the properties of a body are the same in all directions, it is called
A. Isodynamic
B. Isotropic
C. Isogonic
D. Isotopic
14. The property of an object that determines the direction of heat flow when in contact with
another object is called
A. Calidity
B. Pyxeria
C. Caloric
D. Temperature
15. The rate of flow of thermal energy through a material in the presence of a temperature
A. Thermal capacity
B. Thermal conductivity
D. Thermal convection

16. The property of some crystals of absorbing light difference extents, thereby giving to the
crystals different colors according to the direction of the incident light is known as
A. dichroism
B. dichromatism
C. diastrophism
D. chromaticity
17. Emission of radiations from a substance during illumination by radiations of higher
frequency is called
A. illuminance
B. fluorescence
D. incandescence
18. If a materials is feebly repelled by a magnet it is
A. diamagnetic
B. paramagnetic
C. ferromagnetic
D. ferromagnetic
19. The progressive decrease of a property as a result of repeated stress is called
A. debility
B. rigidity
C. elastic deformation
D. fatigue
20. Property of some pure metals and their alloys at extremely low temperatures of having
negligible to the flow of an electric current is called
A. supercharging
B. supercooling
C. superfluidity
D. superconductivity

## LAWS & ETHICS - 1

General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## 1. A juridical necessity to give, to do, or not to do.

A. Contracts
B. Obligation
C. Quasi-delicts
D. Condition
2. Obligation comes from the latin word _______ which means to bind.
A. Obligum
B. Obligate
C. Obligare
D. Obligus
3. A legal wrong, committed through fault or negligence, on a person or property,
independent of contract.
A. Contracts
B. Obligation
C. Quasi-delicts
D. Condition
4. A nature of obligation under civil code which is legally demandable and the courts of
justice may compel their performance.
A. Civil Obligations
B. Natural Obligation
C. Pure Obligation
D. Condition
5. A nature of obligation under civil code based on morality, natural law and conscience,
they are not legally demandable.
A. Civil Obligations
B. Natural Obligation
C. Pure Obligation
D. Condition
6. Requisites of obligations which is the vinculum or the link that binds the party
A. Juridical or legal tie
B. Prestation
C. Active subject
D. Passive subject
7. Requisites of obligation consist in giving, doing or not doing something
A. Juridical or legal tie
B. Prestation
C. Active subject
D. Passive subject
8. Requisites of obligation that refers to a person who can demand the performance of the
obligation or known as the creditor or oblige
A. Juridical or legal tie
B. Prestation
C. Active subject
D. Passive subject

## 9. Requisites of obligation that refers to a person from whom prestation is demandable or

known as the debtor or obligor
A. Juridical or legal tie
B. Prestation
C. Active subject
D. Passive subject
10. One of the following is not considered as a source of obligation.
A. Law
B. Contracts
C. Quai-delicts
D. Work
11. The following are requisites of Quasi-delicts except
A. An act or omission
B. Accompanied by fault or negligence
C. There must be no pre-existing contractual relation between the parties
D. Acts or omissions punished by law
12. An obligation which is not subject to conditions or burdens nor does it mention a specific
date for its fulfillment and as such it is immediately demandable.
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition obligation
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
13. An uncertain event which wields an influence on a legal relation.
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
14. An obligation which is a subject to a condition.
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition obligation
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
15. A kind of condition which suspends the demandability of the obligation until the
fulfillment of the condition.
A. Suspensive Condition
B. Alternative obligation
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Resolutory obligation
16. A kind of condition that produces the extinguishment of an obligation upon the
happening of the event.
A. Suspensive Condition
B. Alternative obligation
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Resolutory Condition

17. An obligation whose consequences are subjected in one way or the other to the expiration
of said term.
A. Pure obligation
B. Obligations with a period
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
18. A borrowed money from B in the amount of P50.00 promising to pay the amount as
soon as possible. If later on, they cannot agree on the specific date of payment, the
remedy of B is to go to court and ask the court to fix the date when the debt is to be
paid. This illustrates:
A. Pure obligation
B. Obligations with a period
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
19. A kind of period with suspensive effect.
A. Ex die
B. In diem
C. Legal period
D. Voluntary period
20. A kind of period with a resolutory effect and the validity of obligation is up to a certain
date
A. Ex die
B. In diem
C. Legal period
D. Voluntary period
21. A period established by law.
A. Ex die
B. In diem
C. Legal period
D. Voluntary period
22. A period agreed to by the parties.
A. Judicial period
B. In diem
C. Legal period
D. Voluntary period
23. A period authorized by the court.
A. Judicial period
B. In diem
C. Legal period
D. Voluntary period
24. An obligation where two parties are mutually obliged to do or to give something.
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation

25. Marc obliged himself to deliver to Edwin either a piano or a refrigerator. The delivery of
the piano or the refrigerator is sufficient compliance with the obligation. Marc could not
compel Edwin to accept only a part of the piano or a part of the refrigerator because this
illustrates:
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
26. An obligation wherein various things are due, but the payment of one of them is
sufficient, determined by the choice which as a general rule belongs to the obligor.
A. Pure obligation
B. Condition
C. Reciprocal obligation
D. Alternative obligation
27. One in which each of the debtors is answerable only for a proportionate part of the debt,
and each one of the creditors is entitled to a proportionate part of the credit
A. Joint obligation
B. Solidary obligation
C. Divisible obligation
D. Indivisible obligation
28. One in which each of the debtors is liable for the whole obligation and each of the
creditors may demand compliance of the entire obligation.
A. Joint obligation
B. Solidary obligation
C. Divisible obligation
D. Indivisible obligation
29. A kind of solidarity when it exists among the creditors only.
A. Active Solidarity
B. Passive Solidarity
C. Mixed Solidarity
D. Solo Solidarity
30. When the solidarity takes place among the debtors only, it is called
A. Active Solidarity
B. Passive Solidarity
C. Mixed Solidarity
D. Solo Solidarity
31. When the solidarity exists both among the creditors and the debtors at the same time, this
is called
A. Active Solidarity
B. Passive Solidarity
C. Mixed Solidarity
D. Solo Solidarity

## 32. An obligation which is capable of partial performance.

A. Joint obligation
B. Solidary obligation
C. Divisible obligation
D. Indivisible obligation
33. Juan obliged himself to deliver to Pedro six sacks of rice as follows: Three sacks of rice
to be delivered by Juan on May 1st, and Pedro to pay Juan the amount of P150.00.
Another three sacks of rice to be delivered by Juan on June 1 st, and Pedro to pay Juan the
same amount of P150.00. This illustrates:
A. Joint obligation
B. Solidary obligation
C. Divisible obligation
D. Indivisible obligation
34. A type division that depends on quality rather than quantity
A. Qualitative
B. Quantitative
C. Ideal
D. Moral
35. A type of division that depends on quantity rather than quality
A. Qualitative
B. Quantitative
C. Ideal
D. Mental
36. A type of division also known as moral, intellectual or mental division
A. Qualitative
B. Quantitative
C. Ideal
D. All of the above
37. It is an accessory undertaking to assume greater liability in case of breach.
A. Law
B. Penal clause
C. Stipulation
D. Preceding
38. A binds himself to deliver to B a Honda Civic car at the end of the current year. They
agree in writing that should A fail to deliver the car on a specified date, A shall pay
B as penalty P10,000.00. A fails to make the delivery. B could demand the
payment of P10,000.00 against A. B, however could not compel A to deliver the
car and pay the penalty at the same time. This is _______ type of penal clause:
A. Joint
B. Subsidiary
C. Solo
D. Partial

39. A classification of penal clause when both the principal contract and the penal clause can
be enforced.
A. Joint
B. Subsidiary
C. Solo
D. Partial
40. An obligation can be extinguished by the following except
A. By Payment or Performance
B. By the condition or remission of the debt
C. By altering the signature
D. By the loss of the thing due
41. An obligation which is not capable of partial performance.
A. Joint obligation
B. Solidary obligation
C. Divisible obligation
D. Indivisible obligation
42. A kind of remission when the enforcement of the obligation is waived or renounced
totally.
A. Partial
B. Complete
C. Express
D. Implied
43. A remission when the waiver or renunciation refers only to a part of the obligation.
A. Partial
B. Complete
C. Express
D. Implied
44. A remission when it is shown by words or declaration of the obligee.
A. Partial
B. Complete
C. Express
D. Implied
45. A remission when it is inferred from the acts or conduct of the obligee.
A. Partial
B. Complete
C. Express
D. Implied
46. A type of compensation that takes place when compensation extinguishes the two debts
in their concurrent amounts even without the express agreement of the parties. Judicial
compensation
A. Legal compensation
B. Voluntary compensation
C. Judicial compensation
D. Partial compensation

47. A type of compensation that takes place when there is compensation by agreement of the
parties as in the case of mutual set off of accounts.
A. Legal compensation
B. Voluntary compensation
C. Judicial compensation
D. Partial compensation
48. A type of compensation that takes place when the court permits the counterclaim of the
defendant as against the claim of the plaintiff.
A. Legal compensation
B. Total compensation
C. Judicial compensation
D. Partial compensation
49. A type of compensation that takes place when the two obligations are of different
amounts and a balance remains unextinguished after the compensation.
A. Legal compensation
B. Total compensation
C. Judicial compensation
D. Partial compensation
50. A type of compensation that takes place when the obligations are of the same amount and
compensation extinguishes the obligations entirely.
A. Legal compensation
B. Total compensation
C. Judicial compensation
D. Partial compensation
51. A novation where the principal conditions of the obligation is change.
A. True novation
B. Real novation
C. Personal novation
D. Substitute novation
52. A obliged himself to deliver to B a car. Subsequently, they entered into another
contract whereby instead of A delivering a car, A would deliver a truck. This
illustrates:
A. True novation
B. Real novation
C. Personal novation
D. Substitute novation
53. A novation where another person is sustained in place of the debtor or he is subrogated to
the rights of the creditor.
A. True novation
B. Real novation
C. Personal novation
D. Substitute novation

54. A novation where there is a change in the person of the parties and the objects or
modification of principal condition.
A. Mixed novation
B. Real novation
C. Personal novation
D. Substitute novation
55. It is the meeting of minds between two persons whereby one binds himself with respect
to the other to give something or to render some services.
A. Contracts
B. Obligation
C. Quasi-delicts
D. Condition
56. A contract comes from the Latin word _______ which signifies an agreement.
A. Kontrus
B. contractus
C. Tractum
D. Contractumus
57. The following are considered to be the essential elements of contracts except
A. consent of the parties
B. object or subject matter
C. cause or consideration
D. effects to the subject
58. An element of contracts which refers to those the existence of which is presumed by law
unless there is an agreement to the contrary
A. Essential element
B. Natural elements
C. Accidental elements
D. Unnatural elements
59. Refers to an element of contracts that consist of the unusual stipulation of the parties such
as conditions, terms, etc.
A. Essential element
B. Natural elements
C. Accidental elements
D. Unnatural elements
60. A stage of contract that includes all the initial stages up to the time the parties agree upon
the terms of the contract.
A. Preparation or Conception
B. Perfection or Birth
C. Consummation or Termination
D. Deliberation

61. A stage of contract that refers to the time when the minds of the parties meet in
agreement upon the object or subject matter as well as to the price or consideration.
A. Preparation or Conception
B. Perfection or Birth
C. Consummation or Termination
D. Deliberation
62. Juan agrees to receive P2,000.00 for his horse and Pedro agrees to take the horse for the
amount. This refers to what stage of the contract
A. Preparation or Conception
B. Perfection or Birth
C. Consummation or Termination
D. Deliberation
63. Juan delivers the horse to Pedro and the same is accepted. Pedro gives the amount
P2,000.00 as purchase price and the latter receives it.
A. Preparation or Conception
B. Perfection or Birth
C. Consummation or Termination
D. Deliberation
64. A contract wherein the intent of the parties is shown by words, oral or written.
A. Express contract
B. Implied contracts
C. Executed contracts
D. Executory contracts
65. A contract wherein the intent of the parties is shown by conduct.
A. Express contract
B. Implied contracts
C. Executed contracts
D. Executory contracts
66. A contract that has already been performed.
A. Express contract
B. Implied contracts
C. Executed contracts
D. Executory contracts
67. A contract that has not yet performed.
A. Express contract
B. Implied contracts
C. Executed contracts
D. Executory contracts
68. A contract that is perfected by mere consent, such as a contract of sale.
A. Consensual contract
B. Bilateral contract
C. Real contract
D. Unilateral contract

69. A contract that is perfected by delivery of the thing which is the object of the contract.
A. Consensual contract
B. Bilateral contract
C. Real contract
D. Unilateral contract
70. A contract wherein only one of the parties has an obligation such as in commodatum or
gratuitous deposit.
A. Consensual contract
B. Bilateral contract
C. Real contract
D. Unilateral contract
71. A contract that creates reciprocal obligations.
A. Consensual contract
B. Bilateral contract
C. Real contract
D. Unilateral contract
72. A, for and in consideration of P1,000.00, entered into a contract with B whereby the
latter agreed to murder C. This limitation upon the right to contract that refers to
A. Contrary to law
B. Against moral
C. Contrary to good customs
D. Contrary to public order
73. A entered into a contract with B whereby for and In consideration of P100,000.00 the
latter agrees to live with A without the benefit of marriage. This limitation upon the
right to contract that refers to
A. Contrary to law
B. Against moral
C. Contrary to good customs
D. Contrary to public order
74. Pedro and Maria decided to get married on October 10, 2007. Invitations were printed
and distributed to relatives and friends and apparel were purchased including matrimonial
bed. Pedro, however walked out of it and was never heard of again. This limitation upon
the right to contract that refers to
A. Contrary to law
B. Against moral
C. Contrary to good customs
D. Contrary to public order
75. A entered into a contract with B whereby A will not enter into any enterprise
whatever in the Philippines. This limitation upon the right to contract that refers to
A. Contrary to law
B. Against moral
C. Contrary to good customs
D. Contrary to public order

## 76. The following are requisites of contracts except

A. Consent
B. Object of contract
C. Cause of contract
D. Effect of contract
77. A classification of contracts as to its cause where the cause is the pure liberality of the
giver.
A. Gratuitous Contract
B. Remunetory Contract
C. Onerous Contrary
D. Liberation Contract
78. A classification of contracts as to its cause where the cause is the service or benefit for
which the remuneration is given.
A. Gratuitous Contract
B. Remunetory Contract
C. Onerous Contract
D. Liberation Contract
79. A classification of contracts as to its cause where the cause is the mutual undertaking
or promise of either of the contracting parties.
A. Gratuitous Contract
B. Remunetory Contract
C. Onerous Contract
D. Liberation Contract
80. Remedy in equity by means of which a written instrument is made or constructed so as to
express or confirm to the real intention of the parties when some error or mistake has
been committed.
A. Reformation
B. Novation
C. Defect
D. Erroneous
81. Which of the following cannot be considered as a requisite of reformation?
A. There is a valid contract;
B. The contract is in writing;
C. The oral contract expresses the true intention of the parties
D. The failure of the written contract to express the true intention is due to mutual
mistake, fraud, inequitable conduct, or accident.
82. A defective contract where it has all the essential requisites of a damage to third persons,
such as creditors, the contract may be rescinded.
A. Rescissible Contract
B. Voidable Contract
C. Unenforced Contracts
D. Void or Inexistent Contracts

83. A damage or injury suffered by the party seeking rescission by reason of the fact that the
A. damage
B. effect
C. lesion
D. payment
84. A contract which possesses all the essential requisites of a valid contract, namely,
consent, object and cause or consideration. It is a valid contract until it is annulled.
A. Void or Inexistent Contract
B. Unenforceable Contract
C. Voidable Contract
D. Negotiorum Gestio
85. A contract which is absolutely without legal force or effect.
A. Void or Inexistent Contract
B. Unenforceable Contract
C. Voidable Contract
D. Negotiorum Gestio
86. When a contract cannot be sued upon or enforced in court unless it is ratified is said to be
A. Void or Inexistent Contract
B. Unenforceable Contract
C. Voidable Contract
D. Negotiorum Gestio
87. It is the voluntary administration of the abandoned business or property belonging to
another without the consent of the latter.
A. Void or Inexistent Contract
B. Unenforceable Contract
C. Voidable Contract
D. Negotiorum Contract
88. It is the sum of money which the law awards or imposes as the pecuniary compensation,
recompense, or satisfaction for an injury done or a wrong sustained as a consequence
either of a breach of a contractual obligation or a tortuous act.
A. Payment
B. Injury
C. Damages
D. Compensation
89. Damages that cover actual injury or economic loss. It typically includes medical
expenses, lost wages and the repair or replacement of property.
A. Actual or Compensatory Damages
B. Nominal Damages
C. Moral Damages

## D. Temperate and Moderate Damages

90. Damages that includes physical suffering, mental anguish, fright, serious anxiety,
besmirched reputation, wounded feelings, moral shock, social humiliation and similar
injury.
A. Actual or Compensatory Damages
B. Nominal Damages
C. Moral Damages
D. Temperate or Moderate Damages
91. Damages which are small and trivial sums awarded for a technical injury due to a
violation of some legal right, and as a consequence of which some damages must be
awarded to determine the right.
A. Actual or Compensatory Damages
B. Nominal Damages
C. Moral Damages
D. Temperate or Moderate Damages
92. Damages that are reasonable compensation for the injury.
A. Actual or Compensatory Damages
B. Nominal Damages
C. Moral Damages
D. Temperate or Moderate Damages
93. Damages where the amount of which has been agrees upon by the parties or fixed by
the judgment of a competent court.
A. Liquidated Damages
B. Exemplary Damages
C. Corrective Damages
D. Compensatory Damages
94. Damages which are given in enhancement merely of the ordinary damages on account of
wanton, reckless, malicious, or oppressive character of the acts complained of.
A. Actual or Compensatory Damages
B. Nominal Damages
C. Moral Damages
D. Exemplary or Corrective Damages
95. Branch of the unwritten law which was originally founded on the customs of merchants,
mariners and business men generally in their dealings with one another throughout the
civilized countries of the world.
A. Law of merchants
C. Law of mariners
D. Law of people

## LAWS & ETHICS - 2

General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. An electrical discharge which occurs between clouds and also from cloud to earth.
A. Thunder
B. Lightning
C. Corona
D. Aurora
2. Results from abnormally high sound level, the physical effects of which may vary from
minor discomfort to serious injury.
A. Electrical Shock
B. Super Sonic
C. Acoustic Shock
D. Sonic Boom
3. The factor that determines the intensity of electrical shock is
A. Current
B. Voltage
C. Resistance
D. Conductance
4. The average resistance of a dry adult human body is approximately:
A. 10,000 ohms
B. 100,000 ohms
C. 1,000,000 ohms
D. 100 ohms
5. Ventricular fibrillation is likely to occur when a 60Hz rms current of _________
amperes and above passes through ones chest cavity.
A. 0.010
B. 0.11
C. 0.030
D. 0.33
6. The minimum voltage value that is considered hazardous is:
A. 45V RMS AC
B. 12V RMS AC
C. 24V RMS AC
D. 50V RMS AC
7. The minimum voltage value that is considered hazardous is:
A. 150V DC
B. 45V DC
C. 135V DC
D. 160V DC

8. The potential difference at any time between two points on the floor or earth surface
separated by a distance of one pace, or about one meter, in the direction of maximum
potential gradient shall be no greater than __________.
A. 45 volts rms AC or 135 volts DC
B. 25 volts rms AC or 115 volts DC
C. 15 volts rms AC or 105 volts DC
D. 55 volts rms AC or 145 volts DC
9. It is the provision of a grounded electrical conducting material located such that foreign
potential will be intercepted and surge currents diverted to ground with the least damage
to plant equipment possible.
A. Grounding
B. Shielding
C. Bonding
D. Current Limiting
10. Prevents development of hazardous potential difference in communication plant by direct
bonding, when permissible or by use of surge arresters, discharge gaps, diodes, etc. which
operate under abnormal voltage condition.
A. Current limiting
B. Resistance limiting
C. Grounding
D. Voltage limiting
11. The current in a circuit can be kept from rising above predetermined value by the use of a
fuse in series with a circuit.
A. Current limiting
B. Resistance limiting
C. Grounding
D. Voltage limiting
12. This is used to divert undesired currents before they reach the equipment being protected
and often are installed both at and some distance away from the protected equipment.
A. Current limiting
B. Resistance limiting
C. Grounding
D. Voltage limiting
13. It is the resistance path of a ground connection which includes the ground wire and its
connection to ground electrode.
A. Ground Resistance
B. Grounde Electrode
C. Ground Path
D. Resistance Path

14. For equipment locations, antenna towers, and all allied installations, the ground resistance
must never exceed __________.
A. 25 ohms
B. 3 ohms
C. 43 ohms
D. 5 ohms
15. For outside plant telephone poles and manholes as well as customer premises, the ground
resistance must never exceed __________.
A. 25 ohms
B. 3 ohms
C. 43 ohms
D. 5 ohms
16. It is an electrode buried in the ground for the purpose of establishing a low resistance
electrical contact with the earth.
A. Ground pole
B. Lightning Rods
C. Guy
17. It is a metal strip or rod, usually of copper or similar conductive material, designed to
protect tall or isolated structures (such as the roof of a building or the mast of a vessel)
from lightning damage.
A. Ground pole
B. Lightning Rods
C. Guy
18. A device used in electrical systems to protect against excessive current.
A. fuse
B. Lightning rod
C. Surge arrester
D. Grounding
19. These are normally open circuited devices and pass no significant current at normal
operating potentials.
A. fuse
B. Lightning rod
C. Surge arrester
D. Grounding

20. Provides certain level of safety to humans and property in case of equipment damages.
A. fuse
B. Lightning rod
C. Surge arrester
D. Bonding or Grounding
21. The simplest way to make an earth resistance test is to use:
A. Direct Method or two terminal test
B. Voltmeter-Ammeter Method
C. Triangulation Method
D. Three terminal test
22. It is the resistance of parallel faces of a one cubic centimeter of soil expressed in ohmcentimeter.
A. Ground resistance
B. Earth resistivity
C. Cubic resistance
D. Earth density
23. The following are ways to improve grounds except:
A. Lengthen the ground-electrode in the earth
B. Use multiple rods
C. Treat the soil when 1 & 2 are not feasible
D. Place stones near the rod
24. Ground resistance shall be tested when installed and periodically afterwards, at least
__________ during the dry or non-rainy months and ALL VALUES OBTAINED
SHALL BE NO GREATER THAN THE RULE REQUIRED.
A. 3 times per year
B. twice a year
C. once a year
D. 12 times a year
25. All ground connections, be it solderless or soldered, shall be checked at least __________
to be sure they are tight.
A. 3 times per year
B. twice a year
C. once a year
D. 12 times a year
26. This loading shall be taken as the resultant stress due to wind and dead weight for 240
kph wind velocity.

27. This loading shall be taken as the resultant stress due to wind and dead weight for 200
kph wind velocity.
28. This loading shall be taken as the result ant stress due to wind and dead weight for 160
kph wind velocity.
29. Batteries should be located where temperatures range between __________ degrees
Celsius.
A. 12.5 and 25.2
B. 15.5 and 32.2
C. 15.2 and 52.2
D. 55.5 and 60.3
30. Lead acid or similar gas emitting battery installations where the aggregate power exceeds
__________ 5 kilowatts shall be located in a properly ventilated room separated from the
equipment room or location where people are staying.
A. 5 kW
B. 10 kW
C. 1 kW
D. 15 kW
31. Smoking and storing of inflammable materials is prohibited in battery rooms and NO
SMOKING signs should be posted ___________.
A. inside the room only
B. before entering battery rooms
C. outside the room only
D. Both A and C
32. An acid neutralizing agent such as __________ should be stored and available in battery
rooms for use in accidental electrolyte or acid spillage.
A. oil
B. kerosene
C. flour
D. Caustic soda

33. A low resistance electrical connection between two cable sheaths, between two ground
connections or between similar parts of two circuits.
A. Bond
B. Short
C. Fuse
D. Guy
34. The vertical space reserved along the side of a pole or tower to permit ready access for
linemen to equipment and conductors located thereon.
A. Stairway
B. Climbing Space
C. Guy
D. Pole
35. Insulated wires, used to run a subscribers line from the terminal on the pole to the
protector at the house or building.
A. main line
B. main cable
C. dropline
D. dropwire
36. a physical condition that causes a device, a component or an element to fail to perform in
a required manner.
A. damaged
B. hazard
C. fault
D. short
37. A current that flows from one conductor to ground or to another conductor owing to any
abnormal connection (including an arc) between the two.
A. Fault current
B. Dark current
C. Leakage current
38. An apparatus so treated such that it will not maintain a flame or will not be injured
A. Flame Proof
B. Flame Retarding
C. Burn Proof
D. Anti Flame

39. A property of materials or structures such that they will not convey flame or continue to
burn for longer times than specified in the appropriate flame test.
A. Flame Proof
B. Flame Retarding
C. Burn Proof
D. Anti Flame
40. A discharge through air, around or over the surface of solid, liquid or other insulation,
between parts of different potential of polarity, produced by the application of voltage
such that the breakdown path becomes sufficiently ionized to maintain an electric arc.
A. Aurora
B. Corona
C. Washover
D. Arc
41. A conducting connection, whether intentional or accidental, by which an electric circuit
or equipment is connected to earth, or to some conducting body of relatively large extent
that serves in place of the earth.
A. short
B. jumper
C. ground
D. ink
42. A tension member (of solid or stranded wires) used to withstand an otherwise unbalanced
force on a pole or other overhead line structures.
A. Bond
B. Short
C. Fuse
D. Guy
43. A guy extending from a pole or structure or tree is sometimes called a span guy.
B. Anchor guy
C. Bla guy
D. Guy post
44. An opening in an underground run or system into which workers reach, but do not enter.
A. Manhole
B. Rathole
C. Handhole
D. Finger hole

45. A device designed to protect apparatus from high transient voltage, by diverting surge
current to ground and capable of repeating this function as specified.
A. Lightning ball
B. Lightning Arrester
C. Fuse
D. Lightning Protector
46. A subsurface chamber, large enough for a person to enter, in the route of one or more
conduit runs, and affording facilities for placing and maintaining in the runs, conductors,
cables and any associated apparatus.
A. Manhole
B. Rathole
C. Handhole
D. Finger hole
47. Stranded steel wires in a group which generally is not a part of the conducting system, its
primary function being to support wires or cables of the system.
A. guy
B. support
C. conduit
D. messenger
48. A general term applied to the whole or portion of the physical property of a
communication company which contributes to the furnishing of communication service.
A. zone
B. area
C. plant
D. division
49. A metallic rod, driven into the ground to provide an electrical connection to the earth.
A. Lightning rod
B. Ground rod
C. Drop ground
50. A metallic rod carried above the highest point of a pole or structure and connected to
earth by a heavy copper conductor intended to carry lightning currents directly to earth.
A. Lightning arrester
B. Lightning rod
C. Breaker
D. Lightning gap

51. The installation from the terminal on the pole to the protector at the customers premises.
A. Service drop
B. Subscribers loop
C. Main line
D. Local drop
52. The horizontal displacement of a point on the tower axis from its no-wind load position at
that elevation.
A. Tower displacement
B. Tower sway
C. Tower twist
D. Tower bend
53. The angular displacement of a tangent to the tower axis at the elevation from its no-wind
A. Tower displacement
B. Tower sway
C. Tower twist
D. Tower bend
54. The horizontal angular displacement of the tower from its no-wind position at that
elevation
A. Tower displacement
B. Tower sway
C. Tower twist
D. Tower bend
55. Refers to communication facilities installed below the surface of the earth.
A. underneath
B. underground
C. earth mat
D. under earth

## LAWS & ETHICS - 3

General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. Define as wires or cables entering the building, terminated to the main cross
connecting point within the building from the nearest telephone facility.
A. drop wire
B. local loop
C. service entrance
D. subscribers loop
2. A type of service entrance that serves as means of providing service aerially from a
pole to a building.
A. Aerial entrance
B. Underground entrance
D. Handhole
3. The size of the aerial entrance conduit shall not be less than __________ in diameter.
A. 20mm
B. 30mm
C. 40mm
D. 50mm
4. The maximum span from telephone pole to a building used in aerial entrance should
be ___________.
A. 20m
B. 30m
C. 40m
D. 50m
5. In aerial entrance, the minimum clearances between telephone cable and power
entrance must be __________ radial distance.
A. 2m
B. 3m
C. 4m
D. 1m
6. In aerial entrance, the minimum clearance from ground level when crossing the street
must be ___________.
A. 4.4m
B. 3.3m
C. 5.5m
D. 6.6m

7. In aerial entrance, minimum clearance over areas accessible to pedestrians only, must
be __________.
A. 3.5m
B. 5.5m
C. 4.5m
D. 6.1m
8. A type of service entrance that provides mechanical protection and minimizes the
need for possible subsequent repairs to the property.
A. Aerial entrance
B. Underground entrance
D. Handhole
9. An underground entrances minimum depth under areas used for vehicular traffic
inside private property is
A. 800 mm
B. 600 mm
C. 900 mm
D. 700 mm
10. For underground entrance, conduits should be separated from power conduits by not
less than __________ in well-tamped earth:
A. 300 mm
B. 100 mm
C. 50 mm
D. 150 mm
11. For underground entrance, conduits should be separated from power conduits by not
less than __________ of concrete.
A. 300 mm
B. 100 mm
C. 50 mm
D. 150 mm
12. The size of underground entrance conduit within the building shall be no case smaller
than __________ in diameter when the service entrance does not require use of a
service box.
A. 50 mm
B. 75 mm
C. 65 mm
D. 45 mm
13. The use of handholes will be permitted for entrance cable not exceeding __________
pairs.
A. 20

B. 40
C. 30
D. 50
14. The minimum size for vehicular handholes is
A. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.91m
B. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.73m
C. 0.19m x 1.23m x 1.21m
D. 0.91m x 1.22m x 1.19m
15. The minimum size for non-vehicular handholes is
A. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.91m
B. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.73m
C. 0.19m x 1.23m x 1.21m
D. 0.91m x 1.22m x 1.19m
16. The use of service box will be permitted for entrance cable exceeding __________
pairs. The minimum size for service box is
A. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.91m
B. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.73m
C. 0.19m x 1.23m x 1.21m
D. 0.91m x 1.22m x 1.19m
17. The minimum size for service-box is
A. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.91m
B. 0.61m x 0.91m x 0.73m
C. 0.19m x 1.23m x 1.21m
D. 0.91m x 1.22m x 1.19m
18. The minimum size for an entrance conduit is
A. 20mm
B. 30mm
C. 40mm
D. 50mm
19. The minimum number of entrance conduit is
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
20. It is a point where cable from TELCO and the in-building distribution system are
terminated.
A. drop wire
B. terminal wire
C. main terminals
D. service box

21. The location of the main terminal must be equipped with adequate lighting, and
located at a minimum distance of __________ above floor finish.
A. 1.3 m
B. 2.3 m
C. 1.6 m
D. 2.6 m
22. The location of the main terminal should have enough working space in front of all
terminations. Normally __________ away from all hazards.
A. 800 mm
B. 800 mm
C. 1000 mm
D. 700 mm
23. A main terminal required for terminating entrance cables using one or more terminal
blocks.
A. Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC)
B. Main Distributing Frame (MDF)
C. Riser System
D. Service Box
24. The backboard color for Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC) used other
special services is:
A. white
B. yellow
C. black
D. blue
25. The backboard color for Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC) used as an
entrance is:
A. white
B. yellow
C. black
D. blue
26. The backboard color for Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC) used for risers
is:
A. white
B. yellow
C. black
D. blue

27. A main terminal generally recommended when entrance cable requirements will
exceed 300 pairs.
A. Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC)
B. Main Distributing Frame (MDF)
C. Riser System
D. Service Box
28. Defined as the vertical and horizontal distribution of telephone communication lines
between two or more floors or adjoining premises on the same floor of a building
generally originating at or near the cabinet up to the Telephone Terminal or outlet.
A. Main Telephone Terminal Cabinet (MTTC)
B. Main Distributing Frame (MDF)
C. Riser System
D. Service Box
29. A riser system usually extends from the ground to the roof top of the building with no
floor separation to a ventilating shaft. Telephone cable is not permitted in unless
placed in metallic conduit.
A. Open Riser
B. Elevated Riser
C. Closed Riser
D. Underground Riser
30. A riser system that consists of a series of telephone terminal cabinets/closets
vertically or non-vertically aligned, usually beginning at the ground floor and
extending throughout the height of the building.
A. Open Riser
B. Elevated Riser
C. Closed Riser
D. Underground Riser

## LAWS & ETHICS - 4

General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

1. RA 9292 is known as
A. Electronics Engineering Law of 2004
B. Electronics and Communications Engineering Law of the Philippines
C. Electronics and Communications Engineering Law of 2004
D. Electronics Engineering Law of the Philippines
2. The science dealing with the development and application of devices and systems
involving the flow of electrons or other carriers of electric charge, in a vacuum, in
gaseous media, in plasma, in semiconductors, in solid-state and/or in similar devices,
including, but not limited to, applications involving optical, electromagnetic and other
energy forms when transduced or converted into electronic signals.
A. Electronics
B. Communications
C. Electricity
D. Physics
3. A person who is qualified to hold himself/herself out as a duly registered/licensed
Professional Electronics Engineer under RA 9292 and to affix to his/her name the letters
PECE.
A. Professional Electronics and Communications Engineer
B. Professional Electronics Engineer
C. Electronics Engineer
D. Electronics and Communications Engineer
4. A person who is qualified to hold himself/herself out as a duly registered/licensed
Electronics Engineer under RA 9292 and to affix to his/her name the letters ECE.
A. Professional Electronics and Communications Engineer
B. Professional Electronics Engineer
C. Electronics Engineer
D. Electronics and Communications Engineer
5. A person who is qualified to hold himself/herself out as a duly registered/licensed
Electronics Technician under RA 9292 and to affix to his/her name the letters ECT.
A. Professional Electronics and Communications Engineer
B. Professional Electronics Engineer
C. Electronics Engineer
D. Electronics Technician
6. A person who is qualified to hold himself/herself out as a duly registered/licensed
Electronics and Communications Engineer under Republic Act No. 5734.
A. Professional Electronics and Communications Engineer
B. Professional Electronics Engineer
C. Electronics Engineer
D. Electronics and Communications Engineer

7. Any of a variety of electronic devices that is capable of accepting data, programs and/or
instructions, executing programs and/or instructions to process the data and presenting
the results.
A. Computer
B. ICT
C. ATM
D. Laptop
8. The acquisition, production, transformation, storage and transmission/reception of data
and information by electronic means in forms such as vocal, pictorial, textual, numeric or
the like; also refers to the theoretical and practical applications and processes utilizing
such data and information.
A. Information and Communications Technology
B. Communications
C. Telecommunications
D. Information Technology
9. The process of sending and/or receiving information, data, signals and/or messages
between two (2) or more points by radio, cable, optical wave guides or other devices and
wired or wireless medium.
A. Information and Communications Technology
B. Communications
C. Telecommunications
D. Information Technology
10. Any transmission, emission or reception of voice, data, electronic messages, text, written
or printed matter, fixed or moving pictures or images, words, music or visible or audible
signals or sounds, or any information, intelligence and/or control signals of any design/or
format and for any purpose, by wire, radio, spectral, visual/optical/light, or other
electronic, electromagnetic and technological means.
A. Information and Communications Technology
B. Communications
C. Telecommunications
D. Information Technology
11. An undertaking the object of which is to transmit audio, video, text, images or other
signals or messages for reception of a broad audience in a geographical area via wired or
wireless means.
A. Communications
C. Transmission
D. Paging

12. Includes all a manufacturing establishments and other business endeavors where
electronic or electronically-controlled machinery or equipment are installed and/or being
used, sold, maintained, assembled, manufactured or operated.
A. Industrial Plant
B. Commercial Establishment
C. Production Area
D. Power Plant
13. Shall include but not be limited to office buildings, hotels, motels, hospitals,
condominiums, stores, apartments, supermarkets, schools, stadia, parking areas,
memorial chapels/parks, watercraft and aircraft used for business or profit, and any other
building/s or area/s for business purposes, where electronic or electronically-controlled
machinery or equipment are installed and/or are being used, sold, maintained, assembled,
manufactured or operated.
A. Industrial Plant
B. Commercial Establishment
C. Production Area
D. Power Plant
14. Shall include services requiring adequate technical expertise, experience and professional
capability in undertaking advisory and review, pre-investment or feasibility studies,
design, planning, construction, supervision, management and related services, and other
technical studies or special studies in the field of electronics engineering.
A. Consulting services
B. Primary services
C. Secondary services
D. Technical services
15. The integrated and accredited national organization of Professional Electronics
Engineers, Electronics Engineers and Electronics Technician.
A. IECEP
B. Accredited Professional Organization
C. PIECEP
D. Organization of PECE
16. To be qualified as a Member of the Board, he/she mustbe a citizen and a resident of the
Philippines for at least __________ consecutive years prior to his/her appointment.
A. 7 years
B. 10 years
C. 5 years
D. 3 years

17. The members of the board shall hold office for a term of __________ years from date of
appointment or until their successors shall have been appointed and qualified and may be
re-appointed once for another term.
A. 7
B. 10
C. 5
D. 3
18. To pass the licensure examination, a candidate for Electronics Engineer or Electronics
Technician must obtain a passing rating of in each subject given during the examination:
A. 50%
B. 60%
C. 70%
D. 80%
19. One shall be allowed to take one removal examination on the subject/s where he/she has
failed to obtain the passing rating. Provided, however, that a candidate who obtains a
passing rating in the majority of the subjects but obtains a rating in the other subject/s.
A. Below 70% but not lower than 60%
B. Below 70% but not lower than 50%
C. Below 60% but not lower than 50%
D. Below 75% but not lower than 60%
20. Certified experience record of active self-practice and/or employment either in
government service or in the private sector, in the format to be prescribed by the Board,
indicating the inclusive dates, companies worked for, description of specific
responsibilities, relevant accomplishments and name, position of immediate supervisors
for a period of at least __________ years (inclusive and/or aggregate), at least
___________ years of which are in responsible charge of significant engineering work,
from the date applicant took his/her oath as an Electronics and Communications Engineer
or Electronics Engineer.
A. 10 years; 3 years
B. 7 years; 2 years
C. 5 years; 2 years
D. 10 years; 2 years
21. RA 9292 is a consolidation of House Bill No. __________ and Senate Bill No. _______.
A. 5224; 2683
B. 5447; 458
C. 5734; 109
D. 5533; 4552

22. RA 9292 was finally passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on
A. February 2, 2004
B. March 2, 2007
C. April 17,2004
D. March 5, 2005
23. RA 9292 was approved on
A. April 17, 2004
B. April 27, 2004
C. March 17, 2005
D. March 27, 2004
24. The effectivity of RA 9292 was on
A. April 17, 2004
B. April 27, 2004
C. May 24, 2004
D. May 28, 2004
25. To qualify in the registration to be PECE, one must provide __________ certification/s
signed by __________ PECEs attesting that the experience record submitted by the
applicant is factual.
A. 1; 3
B. 1; 2
C. 3; 3
D. 2; 2
26. Under the exception proviso stipulated in the particular Section 18, Article III of RA No.
9292 those who have been registered and licensed as Electronics and Communications
Engineer under Republic Act No.5734 for at least __________ years upon the effectivity
of RA No. 9292 are qualified to register as PECE.
A. 5
B. 10
C. 3
D. 7
27. Registration with and without Examination for Electronics Technicians (ECT) will start
within __________ years from the effectivity of RA No. 9292.
A. 5
B. 3
C. 10
D. 7

28. To register for Electronics Technicians (ECT), he/she must have rendered at least
___________ years (inclusive or aggregate) of active self-practice and/ or employment
either in the Government or private sector.
A. 5
B. 3
C. 10
D. 7
29. To register for Electronics Technicians (ECT),one must provide individual certification/s
from at least __________ registered PECEs vouching for the integrity, technical
capability and good moral character of the applicant in a format to be prescribed by the
Board.
A. 5
B. 3
C. 10
D. 7
30. The Board may, __________ years after the revocation of a Certificate of Registration
and Professional Identification Card, upon application of the party concerned and for
reasons deemed proper and sufficient, reinstate the validity of a revoked Certificate of
Registration and Professional Identification Card, subject to compliance with the
applicable requirements of the Commission and the Board.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
31. Exemptions for examination and registration can be possibly given to
A. A Filipino PECEs, ECEs or ECTs with at least 20 years of experience in the
Philippines
B. A Filipino PECEs, ECEs or ECTs with at least 25 years of experience abroad
C. A foreign national that are PECEs, ECEs or ECTs and equivalent who are
temporarily employed by the Philippine Government or by private firms in the
Philippines
D. A foreign national with at least 20 years of experience in ECE field here in the
Philippines
32. The official seal/logo of the Board which is circular in shape, consisting two concentric
circles, with the outside circle measuring __________ in diameter.
A. 28 mm
B. 45 mm
C. 48 mm
D. 32 mm

33. The official seal/logo of the Board which is circular in shape, consisting two concentric
circles, with the inner circle measuring __________ in diameter.
A. 28 mm
B. 45 mm
C. 48 mm
D. 32 mm
34. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the upper part of the annular space bear the words
A. BOARD OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
B. PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION
C. NAME OF THE MEMBER
35. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the lower half part of the annular space bear the
words
A. BOARD OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
B. PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION
C. NAME OF THE MEMBER
36. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the inner circle space has the symbol of a/an
A. atom
B. electron
D. computer
37. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the atom symbol contains
A. 1 electron
B. 2 electrons
C. 3 electrons
D. 4 electrons
38. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the atom symbol contains
A. 1 nucleus
B. 2 nuclei
C. 3 nuclei
D. 4 nuclei
39. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the outer and inner ring is filled with
A. grey with boundaries in black color
B. orange with boundaries in navy color
C. white with boundaries in black color
D. yellow with boundaries in black color

## 40. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the text is

A. black with white background
B. white with black background
C. black with grey background
D. white with grey background
41. in the official seal/logo of the Board, the inner ring is filled with
A. orange background
B. navy blue background
C. black background
D. white background
42. In the official seal/logo of the Board, the atom is colored with ___________ and the
nucleus and electrons in __________ color.
A. Black ; red
B. White; orange
C. White; red
D. Black; orange
43. The seal of Professional Electronics Engineer as provided by Section 29, Article IV of
RA No. 9292 shall be, a dry circular seal consisting of two concentric circles with the
outer circle measuring __________ in diameter.
A. 28 mm
B. 45 mm
C. 48 mm
D. 32 mm
44. The seal of Professional Electronics Engineer as provided by Section 29, Article IV of
RA 9292 shall be, a dry circular seal consisting of two concentric circles with the inner
circle measuring ___________ in diameter.
A. 28 mm
B. 35 mm
C. 48 mm
D. 32 mm
45. The Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer as provided by Section 29, Article IV of
RA 9292 shall be, a dry circular seal containing the appearance of ___________ in the
upper part of the inner circle
A. atom
B. electron
D. computer

46. The Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer as provided by Section 29, Article IV of
RA 9292 shall be, a dry circular seal with a horizontal space bearing the word
A. BOARD OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
B. PROFESSIONAL REGULATION COMMISSION
C. NAME OF THE MEMBER
47. In the Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer, below the words LICENSE NO. is the
B. the word PHILIPPINES
C. name of the person holding the Professional Electronics Engineer license
D. the words PROFESSIONAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEER
48. In the Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer, the portion of the inner circle below the
diametral space shall bear
B. the word PHILIPPINES
C. name of the person holding the Professional Electronics Engineer license
D. the words PROFESSIONAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEER
49. In the Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer, the upper portion of the annular space
bear
B. the word PHILIPPINES
C. name of the person holding the Professional Electronics Engineer license
D. the words PROFESSIONAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEER
50. In the Seal of Professional Electronics Engineer, the lower portion of the annular space
bear
B. the word PHILIPPINES
C. name of the person holding the Professional Electronics Engineer license
D. the words PROFESSIONAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEER

## LAWS & ETHICS - 3

General Engineering and Applied Sciences
By
Emmylou R. Edulan
Jerick D. Lee
Woodrow B. Pino

## 1. In KBP radio standards, each station is required to schedule a minimum of __________

of news per day (from 5:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.) on Monday-thru-Saturday basis.
A. 30 min.
B. 60 min.
C. 45 min.
D. 75 min.
2. The minimum length/s of a daily radio news can be __________
A. 1 minute
B. 5 minutes
C. 10 minutes or 15 minutes
D. All of the above
3. A distinct unit of a program with minimum news content of one (1) minute excluding
A. Newsbreak
B. Flash report
C. Newscast
D. all of the above
4. A __________ is a person from whom a piece of news originates
A. Primary source
B. Secondary source
C. 1st person source
D. 2nd person source
5. A __________ is normally a recorded material (print or audio) from which a piece of
news is extracted or attributed to, or may be a person who acts as a conduit.
A. primary source
B. secondary source
C. 1st person source
D. 2nd person source
6. The cancellation or revocation of accreditation of individual employee, and
recommendation for expulsion from KBP membership and, recommendation to the NTC
for the cancellation of permit to operate the station, for improper placement of
A. first offense
B. third offense
C. second offense
D. fourth offense

7. These are announcements requested by private individuals or groups either through the
KBP or directly with the broadcast station.
A. Public Service Announcements
B. Private Announcements
C. Private Service Announcements
D. Public Announcements
8. All stations shall actively promote the growth and development of Filipino music. Radio
stations are encouraged to schedule _________ OPMs every clockhour.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
9. The principal source of revenue of the free, competitive system of commercial
B. Donation
C. Fund
D. All of the above
10. A commercial preceding the opening of the program is called
A. cow-catcher
B. hitch-hiker
D. sweeper
11. A commercial following the close of the program is called:
A. cow-catcher
B. hitch-hiker
D. sweeper
12. Commercial load for radio shall not exceed __________ for one hour program in Metro
Manila
A. 15 min
B. 17 min
C. 18 min
D. 20 min
13. A half-hour program shall have a maximum of __________ commercial minutes within
Metro Manila
A. 15
B. 7 minutes and 30 sec
C. 3 minutes and 30 sec
D. 1 minute and 15 sec

14. A quarter-hour program shall not exceed __________ commercial minutes within Metro
Manila
A. 15
B. 7 minutes and 30 sec
C. 3 minutes and 30 sec
D. 1 minute and 15 sec
15. A five-minute program shall have a maximum of __________ commercial minutes
within Metro Manila
A. 15
B. 7 minutes and 30 sec
C. 3 minutes and 30 sec
D. 1 minute and 15 sec
16. Commercial load for radio shall not exceed __________ for one hour program outside
Metro Manila
A. 15 min
B. 17 min
C. 18 min
D. 20 min
17. 17. A half-hour program shall have a maximum of __________ commercial minutes
outside Metro Manila
A. 17
B. 8 min and 30 sec
C. 4 min
D. 1 min and 30 sec
18. A quarter-hour program shall not exceed __________ commercial minutes outside Metro
Manila
A. 17
B. 8 min and 30 sec
C. 4 min
D. 1 min and 30 sec
19. A five-minute program shall have a maximum of __________ commercial minutes
outside Metro Manila
A. 17
B. 8 min and 30 sec
C. 4 min
D. 1 min and 30 sec

20. Program interruption for the airing of commercial in Metro Manila shall not exceed
__________ breaks in every program hour
A. 5
B. 7
C. 6
D. 8
21. Program interruption for the airing of commercial outside Metro Manila shall not exceed
__________ breaks in every program hour
A. 5
B. 7
C. 6
D. 8
22. In international sports events, the commercial load may be increased upon the approval of
the Board of Directors but in no case to exceed __________ commercial minutes per
hour.
A. 20 min
B. 15 min
C. 30 min
D. 25 min
23. Commercial placements of competing products, services or firms in radio standards:
A. shall not be placed within the same cluster
B. can be placed in the same time cluster
C. can be placed in the same time cluster given there is a different product in between
D. A and B
A. Advertising which do not use superlatives, false claims and other misleading
expressions
B. Advertisements without violent scenes or messages which describe or condone these
acts
grammar
D. All of the above
25. Any product and/or service that is sold or a service rendered within a province
A. Local product
B. Local account
C. Local merchandise
D. Local goods

## 26. The following are considered local accounts except:

A. Bowling Alleys
B. Painting shops
C. Barber shops
D. Drugstores with branches in another radio area or province
27. Within Metro Manila, Class A airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
B. 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM / 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
28. Within Metro Manila, Class B airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
B. 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM / 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
29. Within Metro Manila, Class C airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
B. 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM / 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
30. Within Metro Manila, Class D airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
B. 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM / 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
31. Within Metro Manila, Class A airtime classification in FM radio is within:
A. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
B. 5:00 AM to 6:00 AM / 8:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12 midnight to 5:00 AM
32. Within Metro Manila, Class B airtime classification in FM radio is within:
A. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
B. 5:00 AM to 6:00 AM / 8:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
33. Within Metro Manila, Class C airtime classification in FM radio is within:
A. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
B. 5:00 AM to 6:00 AM / 8:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM

## 34. Within Metro Manila, Class D airtime classification in FM radio is within:

A. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
B. 5:00 AM to 6:00 AM / 8:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 9:00 PM to 12 midnight
D. 12:00 midnight to 5:00 AM
35. Outside Metro Manila, Class A airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM
B. 12 noon to 2:00 PM
C. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
D. all of the above
36. Outside Metro Manila, Class B airtime classification in AM radio is within:
A. 9:00 AM to 12 noon
B. 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM
C. 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM
D. All of the above
37. In Metro Manila, AM radio prime time is the time
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
B. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
C. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
D. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
38. In Metro Manila, FM radio prime time is the time
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
B. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
C. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
D. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
39. For provincial stations, AM radio prime time is the time
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM
B. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
C. 12 noon to 2:00 PM
D. all of the above
40. For provincial stations, AM radio prime time is the time
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
B. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
C. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
D. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
41. For provincial stations, FM radio prime time is the time
A. 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM / 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
B. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM
C. 4:00 PM to 7:00 PM
D. 6:00 AM to 8:00 PM

42. It is required that during prime time only __________ hours of the airtime SHALL be
allowed for block time programs under station responsibility and supervision.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
43. In TV standards, every station shall schedule at least a minimum of _________ newscast
(aggregate total including advisories) per day from Monday to Friday.
A. 30 min
B. 60 min
C. 45 min
D. 75 min
44. Text crawls, either electronic or manual, shall not be used for any other purpose like:
A. news bulletins
B. last minute program changes
C. advisories in the public interest