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This is the punishment for theft in Islam according to Allah, the

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), the Companions and the genuine


Scholars.
QURAN AND SUNNA
Cut off the hands of thieves, whether they are male or
female, as punishment for what they have donea deterrent
from God. God is Almighty and Wise. (5:38)
There are from what I know five general Hadith regarding
capital punishment in Islam from the Prophet Muhammad
(s.a.w.):
1. The [recording of bad deeds] has been raised in the case of a

youth until he hits puberty.


2. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said to Ma`iz, Perhaps you only kissed
her, touched her or looked at her ? He replied, No.
3. Whoever covers up [a fault of] a Muslim, God will cover up
[his fault] in the Hereafter.
4. You should exempt one another form the hadd (capital
punishments) penalties, since whatever hadd crime comes
to my attention, [its penalty] must be executed.
5. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said to Usama b. Zayd, concerning his
role in the affair of the Makhzumi woman who stole, How
dare you intercede [in behalf of someone] in a case that is
among the crime against God (hudud Allah).
These are more specific Hadiths from the Prophet Muhammad
(s.a.w.) regarding the penalty for theft which show the
restrictions:
1. The hand of the their is not to be amputated unless the

[value of the stolen property] is one quarter of a dinar or


greater.
2. There is no amputation [in the case of a stolen] camel or a
sheep (mshiya) unless it is taken from the fold and its
value is greater that that of a round shield (mijann).
3. A Makhzumi woman borrowed some goods, refused to return
them, and then stole [them]. so the Prophet (s.a.w.)
ordered that her hand be amputated.
4. Amputation is not a valid punishment for the embezzler

(khan) and the pilferer (mukhtalis).


5. There is no amputation [for the theft of] fruit or the edible
tubers growing at upper end of the palm trunk (kathar).
6. The Prophet (s.a.w.) ordered that a mans hand be amputated
and then said, Cauterize it (ihsimuha).
CONSENSUS
1. The theft of a very young slave in a state of guarded custody

is grounds for amputation.


2. The theft of something greater than the minimum value for
amputation that is in a state of guarded custody is
grounds for amputation
3. Theft of an item from a canopy is grounds for amputation.
4. One who refuses to return a loaned item is not subject to
amputation.
5. One who pilfers (ikhtalasa, khilsa) is not subject to
amputation.
6. One who embezzles (khain) is not subject to amputation.
7. Only one hand is to be amputated in the case of a thief who
has stolen many times but is convicted only after his most
recent theft.
8. If two free, upright, male witnesses describe an act of theft
that warrants amputation, the thiefs hand must be
amputated.
9. If two witnesses testify against a thief whose hand is then
amputated, and then additional witnesses prove that the
original testimony is fallacious, the first two witnesses owe
the blood-money (diya) for the hand of the thief and their
testimony is no longer valid.
10.
A slave who steals from his master is not subject to
amputation.
11.
A thief must return the stolen property to its rightful owner
after his hand has been amputated.
12.
A Muslim who steals wine from another Muslim is not
subject to amputation.