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INVESTIGATING LIVING THINGS

WEEK CONTENTS LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OUTCOMES RESOURCES

1. Living things have basic needs.

At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook


1–2 Lessons 1:
Basic Needs of Humans 1.1 Understanding that • Identify the basic needs of humans. Workbook
humans have basic • Give reasons why humans need food, water,
Lesson 2: needs. air and shelter. CD-ROM
Basic Needs of Animals • Identify the basic needs of animals.
1.2 Understanding that animals • Give reasons why animals need food, water, School
have basic needs. air and shelter. resources
Lesson 3: • Describe types of shelters for animals. (Where
Basic Needs of Plants applicable)
• Identify the basic needs of plants.
1.3 Understanding that plants
have basic needs.

2. Living things undergo life processes.

At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook


3-4
Lesson 1: 2.1 Analysing life processes • Explain that humans breathe. Workbook
Humans Breathe that humans undergo • Describe what inhale is.
• Describe what exhale is. CD-ROM
• Differentiate the air that we inhale and the air
that we exhale. School
• State that humans use lungs to breathe. resources
(Where
• Identify the passage of air during breathing.
applicable)
• Conclude that not all individuals have the
same rate of breathing.
Lesson 2: • State that humans excrete and defecate.
Humans Excrete and • State the products of human excretion.
Defecate • State the product of human defecation.
• Give reasons why humans need to excrete
and defecate.
Lesson 3: • State that humans respond to stimuli.
Response to Stimuli • Give reasons why humans respond to stimuli.
• State that humans reproduce.
Lesson 4: • Predict what will happen if humans do not
Humans Reproduce reproduce.

At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook


5
Lesson 5: 2.2 Being aware that certain • Give examples of habits that bring harm to Workbook
Avoid Bad Habits behaviour can disturb life human life processes.
processes. • State the effects of smoking on lungs. CD-ROM
• Explain that taking drugs and alcohol can
delay a person’s response to stimuli. School
• Participate in a campaign to discourage resources
smoking, drugs taking and alcohol drinking (Where
among their peers. applicable)

At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook

6-7 Lesson 6: 2.3 Analysing the life • State that animals excrete. Workbook
Animals Excreteand Defecate processes that animals • State that animals defecate.
undergo. • Give reasons why animals need to excrete CD-ROM
Lesson 7: and defecate.
Animals Breathe • State that animals breathe. School
• Identify the breathing organs for certain resources
animals. (Where
applicable)
• State that breathing organs for different types
of animals may be different.
Lesson 8:
• State that animals reproduce.
Getting Started
• State that some animals give birth and some
lay eggs.

• Classify animals according to the way they


reproduce.
Lesson 9: • Describe the life cycles of different animals.
A Complete Change • Conclude that animals may have different life
cycles.

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


8-9 Textbook
2.4 Understanding the life • State that plants respond to stimuli
Lesson 10: processes that plants • Identify the part of plant that responds to Workbook
Plants Respond to Stimuli undergo. water.
• Identify the part of plant that responds to CD-ROM
graviti.
• Identify the part of plant that responds to School
sunlight. resources
• Identify the part of plant that responds to (Where
touch. applicable)
• State that plants reproduce.
Lesson 11:
• Explain why plants need to reproduce.
Plants Reproduce
• Predict what will happen to the world if
plants do not reproduce.
• Explain the various ways plants reproduce.

3. Animals and plants protect themselves


Textbook
At the end of the lessons pupils should:
10 Workbook
3.1 Understanding that animals • Identify special characteristics of
Lesson 1: have specific animals that protect them from danger. CD-ROM
Protection from Danger characteristics and • Identify special behaviour of animals
behaviour to protect that protect them from danger. School
themselves from danger. • Describe how the special resources
characteristic and behaviour of animals help (Where
to protect them from danger. applicable)

At the end of the lessons pupils should:

11 Lesson 2: 3.2 Understanding that animals • Identify specific characteristics and behaviour
Living in Extreme Weather have specific of animals that protect them from very hot or
characteristics and cold weather.
behaviour to protect • Describe how specific characteristics and
themselves from extreme behaviour of animals help to protect them
weather. from very hot or cold weather.

Textbook
At the end of the lessons pupils should:
12 3.3 Understanding that animals Workbook
have specific • Recognise the need for animals to protect
Lesson 3: characteristics and themselves from enemies and extreme CD-ROM
Survival behaviour to enable them weather conditions.
to survive. • Make a model of an imaginary animals that School
can survive both extreme weather and resources
enemies. (Where
• Give reasons why models are built in such applicable)
ways.

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


13 3.4 Understanding that plants
Lesson 4: have specific • Identify the specific characteristics of
Nature Defense in Plants characteristics to protect plants that protect them from enemies.
themselves from enemies. • Describe how the specific
characteristics of plants help to protect them
from enemies.

• Give examples of plants found in very dry


Lesson 5: 3.5 Understanding that plants region and strong wind area.
14-15 Adaptation to Nature have specific • Identify specific characteristics of plants that
characteristics to protect protect them from excessive loss of water and
themselves from dry strong winds.
region.
• Describe how specific characteristics of
plants help them to survive in dry region and
strong winds.

Investigating Force and Energy

1. Measurement

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


16
Lesson 1: 1.1 Understanding the • State the different ways to measure length.
Measuring Length measurement of length. • State the standard unit for length in the metric
system.
• Choose the appropriate measuring tools to
measure length.
• Measure length using the correct technique.
• Record lengths in standard units.

• Compare a square and a rectangle and guess


17 Lesson 2: 1.2 Understanding how to which object has a bigger area.
Bigger or Smaller calculate area. • Carry out a test to confirm their guesses.
• State that area = length X width
• State the standard unit for area in the metric
system.
• Calculate the area of a given shape in
standard unit.

• Compare a cube and a cuboid and Textbook


18 Lesson 3: 1.3 Understanding how to guess which one has a bigger volume.
More or Less measure the volume of • Carry out a test to confirm their Workbook
solid. guesses.
• State that volume = length X width X CD-ROM
height
• State the standard unit for volume of School
solids in the metric system. resources
• Calculate the volumes of cubes and (Where
cuboids based on the measurements taken in applicable)
standard unit.

At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook


19
Lesson 4: 1.4 Understanding how to • State the different ways to measure Workbook
Volume of liquids measure volume of liquid. the volume of a liquid.
• State the standard unit for volume of CD-ROM
liquids in the metric system.
• Choose the appropriate measuring School
tools to measure the volume of a liquid. resources
• Measure the volume of a liquid using (Where
the correct technique. applicable)
• Record the volume measured in
metric system.

• State tools for measuring mass.


20 Lesson 5: 1.5 Understanding how to • State the standard unit for mass in the metric
Measuring Mass measure mass. system.
• Measure the mass of an object using the
correct technique.
• Record the measurement using metric system.

• Identify different ways to measure time.


21 Lesson 6: 1.6 Understanding how to • State the processes that repeat uniformly can
Taking Time measure time. be used to measure time.
• State the standard unit for time in the metric
system.
• Identify tools for measuring time.
• Measuring time using appropriate tools.
• Record the time measured in metric system.

Lesson 7: 1.7 Realising the importance • Choose and use the appropriate tools to
Importance of Standard Units of using standard units. measure the volumes of liquids and masses of
the ingredients in a recipe.
• Give reasons for any differences in the dough
prepared by pupils using given recipe.
• Conclude the need for using standard unit.

Investigating Materials

1. Properties of Materials

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


22-24 Lesson 1: 1.1 Understanding the
Materials Around You properties of materials. • Classify objects into groups according to the
materials they are made of.
• Identify materials that conduct electricity.
Lesson 2: • Identify materials that conduct heat. Textbook
Properties of Materials • Identify materials that float on water.
• Identify materials that absorb water. Workbook
• Identify materials that can be stretched.
CD-ROM
• Identify materials that allow light to pass
Lesson 3: through. School
Conductors or Insulators • State what a conductor is. resources
• State what an insulator is. (Where
• Conclude that a good conductor of heat is applicable)
also a good conductor of electricity.
• Classify materials based on their abilities to
allow light to pass through.
Lesson 4: • State what a transparent material is.
Fantastic Materials • State what a translucent material is.
• State what an opaque material is.
• List uses of transparent, translucent an
opaque materials.

25 • Suggest ways to keep things cold.


Lesson 5: 1.2 Applying the knowledge of
Choosing Suitable Materials properties of materials in • Suggest ways to keep things hot.
everyday life. • Design an effective way to keep things hot or
to keep thingscold.

26 At the end of the lessons pupils should: Textbook


1.3 Synthesising the
Lesson 6: knowledge about uses of • List objects and the materials that they are Workbook
Combined Uses of Materials materials based on their made of.
properties. • Give reasons why particular materials are CD-ROM
used to make an object.
• State that materials are chosen to make an School
object based on their properties. resources
• Design an object for a specific purpose and (Where
give reasons why certain materials are used to applicable)
make it.

• Give examples of natural materials.


Lesson 7: 1.4 Knowing the importance • Give examples of man-made materials.
Natural and Man-Made of reuse, reduce and • State that man-made materials come from
Materials recycle of materials. natural materials.
• Give reasons why materials need to be
Lesson 8: conserved.
Reuse, Reduce and Recycle • Practise reusing, reducing and recycling to
conserve materials.

1.5 Understanding that some • Differentiate between a rusty object and a


materials can rust. non-rusty object.
27 • Identify objects that can rust. Textbook
Lesson 9: • Conclude that objects made from iron can
Rusting rust. Workbook
• Design a fair test to find out what factors
cause rusting. CD-ROM
• Carry out the test and record the observations.
1.6 Understanding that rusting School
• State the different ways to prevent objects
can be prevented. from rusting. resources
• Explain how these ways can prevent rusting. (Where
• Explain why it is necessary to prvent rusting. applicable)

Investigating The Earth and The Universe

1. The Solar System

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


28-29 Lesson 1:
Our Solar System 1.1 Understanding the Solar • List the constituents of the Solar System.
System. • List the planets in the Solar System in a
sequence.
• State that planets move around the Sun

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


30
Lesson 2: 1.2 Understanding the relative • State the size of the Sun relative to the size of Textbook
How Far and How Big size and distance between the Earth.
the Earth, the Moon and • State the size of the Earth relative to the size Workbook
the Sun. of the Moon.
• State the relative distance from the Earth to CD-ROM
the Sun compared to the relative distance
from the Earth to the Moon. School
Lesson 3: 1.3 Appreciating the perfect • State why certain planets are not conducice resources
Planets, Planets How Are placement of the planet for living things. (Where
You? Earth in the Solar System. • Predict what will happen if the Earth is applicable)
placed much nearer or further from the Sun.
• Conclude that the Earth is the only planet in
the Solar System that has living things.
Investigating Technology

1. Technology

At the end of the lessons pupils should:


31 Lesson 1: 1.1 Understanding the
Human Limitations importance of technology • State that there are limitation to human’s
in everyday life. abilities to do things.
• Identify devices used to overcome human’s
limitation.
• Explain how certain devices are used to
overcome human’s limitations.
• Give examples of development of
Lesson 2: 1.2 Understanding the technology.
32 Development of Technology development of • Recognise the needs to innovate or invent
technology. devices for the betterment of mankind.

• Identify problems they encounter in their


1.3 Synthesising how daily life.
33 technology can be used to • Generate ideas to solve the problems
Lesson 3: solve problems. identified.
Solving Problems • Design a device to solve the problem
identified.
• Demonstrate how the device invented can be
used to solve the problem identified.
• State that technology has advantages and
Lesson 4: 1.4 Analysing that technology disadvantages.
34 Advantages and can benefit mankind if • Conclude that technology can benefit
Disadvantages used wisely. mankind if used wisely.
35-36 Revisions

Prepared by,
Puan Khairiza binti Khalidin 2010