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Civil PE

Sample
Examination
Third Edition

Michael R. Lindeburg, PE

Professional Publications, Inc. Belmont, California

33

Afternoon Session
Structural
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121. A two-lane highway bridge is constructed using


precast concrete girders. The girders are simply supported and span 60 ft. The weight of girders and deck is
such that the dead load bending moment at the critical
location for bending moment is 500 ft-kips. If the
bridge is designed for AASHTO HL-93 loading using
LRFD strength criteria, and only one lane is loaded at
a time, and if girder load distribution is not considered,
the design bending moment per lane at the critical
location is most nearly

lines 1, 2, and 3. Disregard accidental torsion that may be


required by code. The axial compression and tension
forces in the shear wall boundary members at line 2 under
the given loadings are most nearly
1

100 ft

60 ft

24 ft

(A) 2500 ft-kips


(B) 3000 ft-kips

54 ft
plywood diaphragm

(C) 3500 ft-kips

(D) 4000 ft-kips


122. A rigid diaphragm transfers a lateral wind force
of 0.4 kip/ft into a system of shear walls whose relative
rigidities, in multiples of R, against forces in the north
direction are shown in the plan. The force in wall A of
the system is most nearly
120 ft

300 lbf/ft

(A) 10 kips
(B) 12 kips
(C) 16 kips

40 ft

(D) 20 kips

wall B
(R)

60 ft

240 lbf/ft

wall D
(3R)

wall A
(4R)

wall C
(R)

124. For the truss shown, the modulus of elasticity for


all members is 29,000 ksi. The cross-sectional area of the
members is 8 in2. The horizontal deflection at joint D of
the truss is most nearly

wall E
(3R)

0.4 kip/ft

C
20 ft

30 kips

(A) 15 kips

10 ft

(B) 22 kips

(C) 27 kips
(D) 33 kips
123. The roof framing of a single story commercial
building consists of wood joists supported by timber
beams and sheathed with a properly nailed and blocked
plywood diaphragm. Seismic lateral forces for NS ground
motion are shown. Assume sufficiently rigid plywood
shear walls 14 ft high and 24 ft long are constructed at

15 ft

(A) 0.01 in
(B) 0.02 in
(C) 0.04 in
(D) 0.08 in

P P I

w w w . p p i 2 p a s s . c o m

34

C I V I L

P E

S A M P L E

E X A M I N A T I O N

125. A two-story building is 14 ft from ground to


second floor and 12 ft from second floor to roof. The
exterior wall projects 3 ft above the roof level to create
a parapet. The exterior wall weighs 15 psf, the second
floor dead load is 30 psf, and the roof dead load is
20 psf. The building is wood framed with plywood
diaphragms and shear walls resisting all lateral forces.
The building is situated in seismic performance category D, where the design spectral response acceleration at short periods is 0.6, the design spectral
response acceleration at one second period is 0.2, and
the importance factor for seismic response is 1.0.
Assume the building qualifies as a building frame system with light-frame walls with shear panels. The
seismic base shear for north-south (NS) ground motion
by the IBC static force procedure, on a working load
basis, is most nearly

127. A continuous 8 in thick bridge deck is made of


reinforced normal weight concrete. It is supported by
steel girders spaced 8.5 ft on center, with flange
widths of 1 ft. The positive bending moment, per foot
of width, for dead weight of the slab is 1.0 ft-kip/ft,
and is 0.3 ft-kip/ft for a future wearing course. The
deck is continuous over three or more spans and is to
be designed by the traditional approach using the
AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications. The factored positive bending moment per foot of deck width
that controls deck strength is most nearly

8 in
1

120 ft

1 ft (typ.)
8.5 ft
60 ft
plywood diaphragm

(A) 8 ft-kips/ft

(B) 10 ft-kips/ft
(C) 12 ft-kips/ft
(D) 14 ft-kips/ft
(A) 25 kips
(B) 45 kips
(C) 65 kips
(D) 80 kips
126. The compound beam shown has an internal
hinge (M = 0) at point B and is simply supported on
hinges or rollers at points A, C, and E. The ordinate of
the influence line for the bending moment at point D,
which is 12 ft to the right of support C, is most nearly
A

8 ft

8 ft

12 ft

0.75 in
A

50 kips
20 in

5 ft

8 ft

128. The circular shaft shown is subjected to an axial


tension force P at its free end and a compressive force of
50 kips at point B. Note that the shaft is hollow between
points A and B. The allowable normal tension stress is
22 ksi, the modulus of elasticity is 29,000 ksi, and the
maximum allowable elongation is 0.04 in. The maximum
allowable value of P is most nearly

3 in

30 in

(A) 111 kips


(B) 117 kips

(A) 1 ft-kip/kip
(B) 3 ft-kips/kip
(C) 5 ft-kips/kip
(D) 7 ft-kips/kip

P P I

w w w . p p i 2 p a s s . c o m

(C) 155 kips


(D) 171 kips
129. A beam is simply supported over a 22 ft span and
overhangs the left support 8 ft. Uniformly distributed
dead loading of 2 kips/ft and live loading of 3 kips/ft
are applied. The live load is positioned to produce

105

Solutions

Afternoon Session
Structural
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121. The HL-93 consists of an HS20-44 design truck


combined with a 640 lbf/ft lane load. The resultant of
the three wheel loads for an HS20-44 loading is a 72 kips
force located 4.67 ft from the 32 kips center force.
x

P i x i

R
32 kips14 ft 8 kips28 ft

72 kips
9:33 ft

Maximum wheel-load bending moment occurs when the


midspan lies halfway between the resultant and the
central 32 kips force. Thus, the position for maximum
wheel-load bending moment is

The maximum moment due to the lane loading is




kip
0:640
60 ft2
ft
wL2
M LL

8
8
288 ft-kips
The AASHTO specification requires an increase in the
wheel-load bending moment to account for dynamic
loading, but this is not applied to the dead or lane
loading. A multiple presence factor, MPF, is required
when only one lane is loaded.
IM dynamic load allowance 0:33
MPF multiple presence factor 1:2
DC component dead load factor 1:25

14 ft

14 ft
32 kips

32 kips

LL live load factor 1:75


8 kips

R
A

1:25500 ft-kips 1:751:2




 288 ft-kips 1 0:33807 ft-kips

9.33 ft
(0.5)(4.67 ft)

30 ft
RA

M u DCM D LLMPF


 M LL 1 IMM truck

RB

3483:8 ft-kips

3500 ft-kips

60 ft

The answer is (C).

Maximum wheel-load bending moment from the truck


occurs under the 32 kips load to the right of midspan.

RA

rF
L

72 kips 30 ft 0:54:67 ft

122. The resultant lateral force is




kip
160 ft
V wL 0:4
ft
64 kips

60 ft

This resultant force acts 80 ft from the west wall. The


center of rigidity of the wall group is

38:8 kips



M truck rF 38:8 kips 30 ft 0:54:67 ft
 32 kips14 ft
807 ft-kips

Ri x i
Ri

4R0 ft 3R120 ft 3R160 ft


4R 3R 3R
84 ft
from the west side of wall A

P P I

w w w . p p i 2 p a s s . c o m

106

C I V I L

P E

S A M P L E

E X A M I N A T I O N

(This disregards the accidental torsion of 5% that may


be required by code or ASCE7.)

L = 24 ft
V = 21 kips

From symmetry,

h = 14 ft

y 30 ft

from the south wall


T

The wall system is subjected to a torsional moment of




L
Mt V x 
2


160 ft
64 kips 84 ft 
2
256 ft-kips clockwise

C
elevation of wall on line B

The overturning moment on the wall is


M OT V h
21 kips14 ft
294 ft-kips

The polar moment of inertia for the walls resisting the


torsional moment is

The axial force in the shear wall boundary members is


J Ryi x 2i Rxi y 2i
2

4R84 ft 3R120 ft  84 ft

M OT
L
294 ft-kips

24 ft
12:3 kips
12 kips

TC

3R160 ft  84 ft2
R30 ft2 R30 ft2
51;240R ft2
The maximum lateral force resisted by wall A is the
combined direct force plus the force caused by the
torsional moment, both acting in the same sense.

The answer is (B).

124. Using the dummy load method, the unit virtual


force is applied at D in the direction of the required
deflection.

M Rx
4R
V t i i
R
J
yi


256 ft-kips4R84 ft
4R
64 kips

51;240R ft2
10R

VA

27:3 kips

27 kips

C
20 ft

C
20 ft

30 kips
10 ft

The answer is (C).

123. The plywood diaphragm is considered flexible,


and the lateral forces transfer to the shear wall on the
basis of their tributary width. Thus, the lateral force
acting on the shear wall at line 2 is
V wB


 


lbf 100 ft
lbf 60 ft
300
240
ft
2
ft
2
21;000 lbf
21 kips

P P I

w w w . p p i 2 p a s s . c o m

1 lbf

10 ft
B

15 ft

15 ft

load system P

load system Q

The member forces for the real loads, load system P, and
for the dummy load system, system Q, are found using
basic statics.
member
AB
AC
AD
BC
CD

NP
(kips)
15.0
25.0
0
25.0
0

NQ
(lbf)
1.0
0
1.33
1.67
1.67

L
(in)
180
150
240
150
150

NPNQL
(kips-lbf-in)
2700
0
0
6263
0
8963